Malmö University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Wiig, H., Liu, J. & Zukauskaite, E. (2021). Global Knowledge Sourcing in Thick and Diversified Regional Innovation Systems: Case Studies in Oslo, Malmö and Beijing. European Planning Studies, 29(8), 1476-1494
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global Knowledge Sourcing in Thick and Diversified Regional Innovation Systems: Case Studies in Oslo, Malmö and Beijing
2021 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 29, no 8, p. 1476-1494Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is an increased need of understanding organizational and institutional underpinnings of firms’ global knowledge search. This paper addresses thick and diversified RIS in two different territorial contexts and explores firms’ use of physical and virtual space in their search of innovation relevant knowledge. Through interviews with ICT and new media SMEs from Scandinavia (Oslo, Malmö) and Beijing, findings show that low-cost and virtual search space is very important for innovation; furthermore, regional, global and virtual space co-evolve and mutually reinforce each other. Global search strategies differ between the two contexts, emphasizing the importance of a regional institutional-organizational framing supporting trust, collaboration and motivation for global search. In order to reap the benefits of the regional-global-virtual dynamics, being thick and diversified is not enough to have global reach and attractiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
Global knowledge sourcing, physical and virtual space, institutional settings, ICT and new media industry
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37042 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2020.1849033 (DOI)000591822700001 ()2-s2.0-85096544481 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2020-12-01 Created: 2020-12-01 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved
Liu, J., Bengtsson, B., Bohman, H. & Staffansson Pauli, K. (2020). A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 1130.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housing renovation is a common concern to owners, tenants and to society at large. In addition to the high economic costs, the implementation of housing renovation usually have a long-term impact on the society and the built environment. This is a theoretical paper that develops a system model for understanding sustainable housing renovation as a system phenomenon which has multiple sustainability goals, complicated dynamic processes, diverse actors, and a sophisticated institutional environment. It identifies the key challenges of a sustainable housing renovation system, namely the conflicting sustainability goals and the conflicting stakeholder interests. To address these two challenges, the paper suggests an innovation approach in which the process of innovation (linear versus organic) and the typology of innovation (product versus process and business versus social) toward sustainable housing renovation are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
sustainability, housing renovation, conflicting sustainability goals, conflicting stakeholder interests, system, innovation
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17316 (URN)10.3390/su12031130 (DOI)000524899602017 ()2-s2.0-85081232362 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Liu, J. (2020). Internationalisation for Technological Capability Building: From Production to Innovation in a Case Study of Goldwind Technology. In: Maureen McKelvey and Jun Jin (Ed.), Innovative Capabilities and the Globalization of Chinese Firms: Becoming Leaders in Knowledge-intensive Innovation Ecosystems (pp. 112-128). Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internationalisation for Technological Capability Building: From Production to Innovation in a Case Study of Goldwind Technology
2020 (English)In: Innovative Capabilities and the Globalization of Chinese Firms: Becoming Leaders in Knowledge-intensive Innovation Ecosystems / [ed] Maureen McKelvey and Jun Jin, Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020, p. 112-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37044 (URN)10.4337/9781786434487.00012 (DOI)2-s2.0-85137612161 (Scopus ID)9781786434470 (ISBN)9781786434487 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2020-12-01 Created: 2020-12-01 Last updated: 2024-06-11Bibliographically approved
Liu, J., Staffansson Pauli, K. & Johansson, M. (2020). Managing Stakeholders in a Housing Renovation Project: A Teaching Case on Real Estate Project Management. Paper presented at Malmö Real Estate Research Conference (MRERC), Malmö, Sweden, 8–9 May 2020. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 5, 49-64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Stakeholders in a Housing Renovation Project: A Teaching Case on Real Estate Project Management
2020 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, ISSN 1459-5877, E-ISSN 2341-6599, Vol. 5, p. 49-64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stakeholder management is an important task for project managers in housing renovation. Compared with new construction project, a great challenge is managing the tenants living onsite before or during the renovation. This paper is a teaching case based on a real-life housing renovation of a Swedish real estate company between 2009 to 2016. The project confronted difficult stakeholder management problems. The case provides teaching materials that can be used by instructors for helping students and trainees to analyse and summarise the lessons learned from a troublesome stakeholder management process and to come up with suggestions that will ensure a smooth implementation of the housing renovation project. The case contains two main parts, namely the case description and teaching notes. It can be used by teachers and trainers, as well as university bachelor students and industrial practitioners in courses and training programs about real estate project management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 2020
Keywords
housing renovation, project management, stakeholder management, teaching case
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-37043 (URN)10.30672/njsr.95468 (DOI)
Conference
Malmö Real Estate Research Conference (MRERC), Malmö, Sweden, 8–9 May 2020
Available from: 2020-12-01 Created: 2020-12-01 Last updated: 2023-07-05Bibliographically approved
Staffansson Pauli, K., Liu, J. & Bengtsson, B. (2020). Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 971.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 971Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housing renovation, in contrast to new construction projects, has to take good care of the tenants who are already living in the building. What are the theoretical and practical implications concerning the transformation from a technology-and-engineering-focused renovation approach to a more user-oriented one? What are the mechanisms of strategy change? Based on our case we argue that the mechanisms of strategy change are based on the interplay between external disturbance and internal renewal. External disturbance is the trigger of strategy change, but it does not, in itself, necessarily lead to strategy change, and particularly not for an innovative new strategy. The internal new competence is the source of changing from an old strategy to an innovative new strategy. The real estate industry needs to undergo a transformation from the rationalistic technology- and engineering-focused renovation model (TEF model) to a more inclusive approach. We suggest a user-oriented model (UO model) where user involvement is seen as integrated in the whole process of renovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
housing, strategy, sustainable renovation
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17317 (URN)10.3390/su12030971 (DOI)000519135104022 ()2-s2.0-85081240962 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Liu, J., Bengtsson, B. & Staffansson Pauli, K. (2019). A Theoretical Framework of Sustainable Housing Renovation: A System Perspective and Innovation Approach (draft) (ed.). In: (Ed.), : . Paper presented at 8th Real Estate Workshop, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Theoretical Framework of Sustainable Housing Renovation: A System Perspective and Innovation Approach (draft)
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10967 (URN)30070 (Local ID)30070 (Archive number)30070 (OAI)
Conference
8th Real Estate Workshop, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2023-07-03Bibliographically approved
Liu, J. (2019). The roles of emerging multinational companies’ technology-driven FDIs in their learning processes for innovation: A dynamic and contextual perspective (ed.). International Journal of Emerging Markets, 14(1), 91-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The roles of emerging multinational companies’ technology-driven FDIs in their learning processes for innovation: A dynamic and contextual perspective
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Emerging Markets, ISSN 1746-8809, E-ISSN 1746-8817, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 91-114Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contextually theorise the different patterns of emerging multinational companies’ (EMNCs’) learning processes for innovation and the different influences of their technology-driven FDIs (TFDIs) on the processes. Design/methodology/approach – A comparative case study method and process tracing technique are employed to investigate how and why firms’ learning processes for innovation took place, how and why the TFDIs emerged and influenced the firms’ learning processes in different ways. Findings – The paper identifies two different patterns of learning process for innovation (Glider model vs Helicopter model) and two different roles of the case firms’ TFDIs (accelerator vs starter) in the different contexts of their learning processes. It is found that the capability building of the domestic wind energy industry has an important influence on the case of EMNCs’ learning processes and thus on the roles of their TFDIs. Research limitations/implications – The limitation of the paper lies in its small number of cases in a specific industry of a specific country. The two contextually identified learning models and roles of TFDIs may not be applied to other industries or other countries. Future research should investigate more cases in broader sectoral and geographic scope to test the models and also to identify new models. Practical implications – For EMNCs, who wants to use the Helicopter model to rapidly gain production and innovation capability, cross-cultural management and integration management are crucial to practitioners. For emerging countries with ambitions to explore the global knowledge and technology pool, besides of the EMNC’s capability building, the capability building in the domestic industries should not be overlooked by policy makers. Originality/value – The paper develops a dynamic and contextual analytical framework which helps to answer the important questions about how and under what context a TFDI emerges and influences firm’s learning process for innovation. It theorises the EMNCs’ learning process and TFDIs in the context of the development of the domestic industry. It strengthens the explanatory power of the learning-based view and adds new knowledge to the current FSA/CSA discourse in the international business literature. Keywords China, Europe, Emerging market multinationals, Foreign direct investment (FDI), Technological innovation, Wind energy

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
China, Europe, Emerging market multinationals, Foreign direct investment (FDI), Technological innovation, Wind energy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1835 (URN)10.1108/IJoEM-07-2017-0232 (DOI)000458808300006 ()2-s2.0-85058286939 (Scopus ID)27052 (Local ID)27052 (Archive number)27052 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Baskaran, A., Liu, J., Yan, H. & Muchie, M. (2017). Outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) and knowledge flow in the context of emerging MNEs: Cases from China, India and South Africa (ed.). African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 9(3), 539-555
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) and knowledge flow in the context of emerging MNEs: Cases from China, India and South Africa
2017 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), ISSN 2042-1338, E-ISSN 2042-1346, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 539-555Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper explores the factors driving Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI) by Emerging multinational enterprisess (EMNEs) and the patterns of knowledge transfer in six cases of EMNEs from three BRICS’ economies (India, China and South Africa). It found that there are significant differences between the OFDI from EMNEs and Developed multinational enterprise (DMNEs), which cannot be explained by using traditional FDI models. The way that EMNEs enter and operate in developed and developing countries are different. Knowledge transfers between EMNEs and developing host economies are predominantly one way and the former transfers more technology and knowledge than they gain. In the case of EMNEs and developed host economies, the knowledge and technology transfers appears to be more evenly matched, a two-way street benefitting both parties. The paper makes two major contributions: (i) it attempts to identify and distinguish the factors driving OFDI and patterns of knowledge transfer of OFDI from EMNEs and shows how they differ from DMNEs; (ii) it highlights aspects of OFDI by EMNEs such as expansion into countries outside their respective regions, and different patterns of technology and knowledge transfer in the South and North respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
developing economies, DMNE, emerging economies, EMNE, outward foreign direct investment, latecomer strategy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-2203 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2017.1359436 (DOI)000416709700005 ()2-s2.0-85031429535 (Scopus ID)24164 (Local ID)24164 (Archive number)24164 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Liu, J. (2017). The Global Innovation Networks and Global Production Networks of Firms: Conceptualization and Implication (ed.). African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), 9(3), 229-240
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Global Innovation Networks and Global Production Networks of Firms: Conceptualization and Implication
2017 (English)In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID), ISSN 2042-1338, E-ISSN 2042-1346, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 229-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Today’s developments in the literature about the global networks of firms emphasize not only global production networks (GPNs) but also global innovation networks (GINs). However, the differences, commonalities and interaction between firms’ GINs and GPNs have not been theoretically and empirically clarified. Using case studies and social network analysis, this paper aims to capture the network characteristics of two case study firms’ GINs and GPNs. The findings show that these firms’ GINs and GPNs interact and are different in terms of network composition and network centralization, but are similar in terms of pattern of ties. Despite this, the GIN-GPN interaction, differences and commonality of one firm clearly differ from that of the other. The paper argues that theoretically considering the GIN and GPN as two different but interwoven layers of a firm’s global value creation network may provide better conceptual clarity for understanding management issues in the context of globalization. In addition, this paper discusses management implications for simultaneously managing firms’ globalization strategy for innovation and production as well as the theoretical implication for international business and globalization studies. It also suggests a knowledge base perspective for future research to understand better the dynamics of firms’ GINs and GPNs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
global innovation network, global production network, interaction, difference, commonality, social network analysis
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1761 (URN)10.1080/20421338.2017.1309809 (DOI)000404931500001 ()2-s2.0-85019045782 (Scopus ID)24163 (Local ID)24163 (Archive number)24163 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Liu, J. (2016). Regional Institutions and Their Impact on the Connectedness of Firm’s Innovation Networks (ed.). Institutions and Economies, 8(1), 102-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional Institutions and Their Impact on the Connectedness of Firm’s Innovation Networks
2016 (English)In: Institutions and Economies, ISSN 2232-1640, E-ISSN 2232-1349, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 102-129Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article is an in-depth comparative case study of six leading manufacturing firms in the Great Zurich region of Switzerland and the Sichuan province of China. It employs innovation system approach, institutional thickness framework and social network analysis to investigate the regional institutions of the two regions and their impact on the connectedness of the case firms’ internal and external innovation networks. Findings show the impact of regional institutions on the connectedness of the case firms’ innovation networks is mainly manifested in the connections among the case firms’ outside collaborators rather than the direct relations of and within the case firms. The paper opens the black box of firm’s innovation networks and compares different dynamics of firms’ internal and external networks. It argues that firms can build up dense direct network relations for innovation by leveraging their endogenous capabilities even in a thin regional institutional environment. As for promoting collaboration among outsiders for the focal firm’s innovation, regional institutions play a bigger role than the firm’s endogenous capabilities. The paper provides regional policy implications particularly for developing and emerging countries with transitional institutional environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cultural Centre University of Malaya, 2016
Keywords
Innovation networks, Regional institutions, Institutional thickness, Intra-firm, Inter-organisational, Social network analysis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1253 (URN)27073 (Local ID)27073 (Archive number)27073 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2022-12-07Bibliographically approved
Projects
Turning Ageing Population from A Problem to A Source of Sustainability: A Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation Approach; Malmö University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4942-1979

Search in DiVA

Show all publications