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Bengtsson, Bo
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Bengtsson, B. & Grander, M. (2023). Universal and Selective Housing Regimes as Broad and Narrow Policy Fields: A Conceptual Proposal and its Application to Sweden. Tidsskrift for boligforskning, 6(2), 90-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universal and Selective Housing Regimes as Broad and Narrow Policy Fields: A Conceptual Proposal and its Application to Sweden
2023 (English)In: Tidsskrift for boligforskning, E-ISSN 2535-5988, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 90-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A fundamental distinction in welfare state research is the one between universal and selective policies. Consequently, housing researchers often categorize national housing regimes under one of these headings. However, since housing is typically distributed via markets – although with state correctives – and not directly by means of state distribution, the borderline between universal and selective housing policies is seldom clear-cut. This article proposes a framework that can be applied both to housing and other welfare sectors, based on the distinction between a broad and narrow policy field and applicable to institutions, discourses and outcomes on different political levels: national welfare regimes, sector regimes (like housing) and policy instruments.In the article, this framework is applied critically to the Swedish housing regime, which is often understood as being universal. Swedish housing policy and its central policy instruments are analysed in terms of universality and selectivity, together with the housing discourse and the social and economic outcome. The article also discusses how the development of recent years, for example, the increased commercialism of public housing, the spread of so-called social contracts and the recurring ideas about “social housing” can be understood in terms of universal and selective housing policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scandinavian University Press, 2023
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65601 (URN)10.18261/tfb.6.2.3 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-01-31 Created: 2024-01-31 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, B. & Bohman, H. (2021). Tenant Voice - As Strong as It Gets: Exit, Voice and Loyalty in Housing Renovation. Housing, Theory and Society, 38(3), 365-380
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tenant Voice - As Strong as It Gets: Exit, Voice and Loyalty in Housing Renovation
2021 (English)In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 365-380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article applies Hirschman's model of exit, voice and loyalty to a Swedish case of housing renovation in a building with comparatively well-off tenants. Hirschman's framework is particularly well suited for understanding the housing market with its heterogeneity and high transaction and attachment costs, and accordingly strong loyalty and voice. Our study indicates that the exit-voice-loyalty framework is a useful tool for analysing renovation processes, since these trigger both voice and exit behaviour. We argue that renovations can be considered as critical junctures to an existing tenant-landlord relation, thereby exposing power relations on the housing market. In the case studied, tenants were not able to affect the scope of the renovation directly, but tenant voice did affect the process as well as the outcome in other respects. The capable tenant group makes this a "most likely case" for testing the limits of tenant influence in housing renovation processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Keywords
Housing, renovation, tenants, Hirschman, exit-voice-loyalty
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17449 (URN)10.1080/14036096.2020.1766558 (DOI)000535084200001 ()2-s2.0-85085377514 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-06-10 Created: 2020-06-10 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Liu, J., Bengtsson, B., Bohman, H. & Staffansson Pauli, K. (2020). A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 1130.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housing renovation is a common concern to owners, tenants and to society at large. In addition to the high economic costs, the implementation of housing renovation usually have a long-term impact on the society and the built environment. This is a theoretical paper that develops a system model for understanding sustainable housing renovation as a system phenomenon which has multiple sustainability goals, complicated dynamic processes, diverse actors, and a sophisticated institutional environment. It identifies the key challenges of a sustainable housing renovation system, namely the conflicting sustainability goals and the conflicting stakeholder interests. To address these two challenges, the paper suggests an innovation approach in which the process of innovation (linear versus organic) and the typology of innovation (product versus process and business versus social) toward sustainable housing renovation are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
sustainability, housing renovation, conflicting sustainability goals, conflicting stakeholder interests, system, innovation
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17316 (URN)10.3390/su12031130 (DOI)000524899602017 ()2-s2.0-85081232362 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Sørvoll, J. & Bengtsson, B. (2020). Autonomy, Democracy and Solidarity :The Defining Principles of Collaborative Civil Society Housing and Some Mechanisms that May Challenge them (ed.). Urban Research and Practice, 13(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autonomy, Democracy and Solidarity :The Defining Principles of Collaborative Civil Society Housing and Some Mechanisms that May Challenge them
2020 (English)In: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077, Vol. 13, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This theoretical paper introduces a conceptual framework for empirical study and comparison of collaborative civil society housing (CSH). We suggest that CSH communities satisfy four criteria to a lesser or higher extent: (1) autonomy, (2) participatory democracy, (3) internal solidarity and (4) external solidarity. Drawing primarily on empirical examples from the scholarly literature on co-operative housing, we claim that all CSH communities face challenges that may lead to the erosion of these civil society criteria. We argue that such challenges are general social mechanisms that manifest themselves in various types of situations, for instance, when apartments are transferred or refurbished.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1734 (URN)10.1080/17535069.2019.1573267 (DOI)000583173500002 ()2-s2.0-85061101879 (Scopus ID)29761 (Local ID)29761 (Archive number)29761 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Sørvoll, J. & Bengtsson, B. (2020). Mechanisms of Solidarity in Collaborative Housing: The Case of Co-operative Housing in Denmark 1980–2017 (ed.). Housing, Theory and Society, 37(1), 65-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanisms of Solidarity in Collaborative Housing: The Case of Co-operative Housing in Denmark 1980–2017
2020 (English)In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 65-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we discuss the role of solidarity in collaborative housing in relation to the trajectory and discourse of the Danish idea of co-operative housing (andelstanken). Our analytical perspective draws on the concept of social mechanisms and a framework suggested by the social scientist Steinar Stjernø. We argue that collaborative housing based on individual (home) ownership of shares and user-rights to apartments are susceptible to the mechanism of “conflicting interests between different categories on the housing market”. Moreover, we suggest that this mechanism has a tendency to further the economic interests of residents, at the expense of the external solidarity with groups looking to access affordable housing. Our argument is supported by theoretical reflection, the historical trajectory of co-operative housing in Scandinavia and empirical analysis of the Danish case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1806 (URN)10.1080/14036096.2018.1467341 (DOI)000509115600005 ()2-s2.0-85046675202 (Scopus ID)29760 (Local ID)29760 (Archive number)29760 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Staffansson Pauli, K., Liu, J. & Bengtsson, B. (2020). Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model. Sustainability, 12(3), Article ID 971.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model
2020 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 971Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Housing renovation, in contrast to new construction projects, has to take good care of the tenants who are already living in the building. What are the theoretical and practical implications concerning the transformation from a technology-and-engineering-focused renovation approach to a more user-oriented one? What are the mechanisms of strategy change? Based on our case we argue that the mechanisms of strategy change are based on the interplay between external disturbance and internal renewal. External disturbance is the trigger of strategy change, but it does not, in itself, necessarily lead to strategy change, and particularly not for an innovative new strategy. The internal new competence is the source of changing from an old strategy to an innovative new strategy. The real estate industry needs to undergo a transformation from the rationalistic technology- and engineering-focused renovation model (TEF model) to a more inclusive approach. We suggest a user-oriented model (UO model) where user involvement is seen as integrated in the whole process of renovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
housing, strategy, sustainable renovation
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17317 (URN)10.3390/su12030971 (DOI)000519135104022 ()2-s2.0-85081240962 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Liu, J., Bengtsson, B. & Staffansson Pauli, K. (2019). A Theoretical Framework of Sustainable Housing Renovation: A System Perspective and Innovation Approach (draft) (ed.). In: (Ed.), : . Paper presented at 8th Real Estate Workshop, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Theoretical Framework of Sustainable Housing Renovation: A System Perspective and Innovation Approach (draft)
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10967 (URN)30070 (Local ID)30070 (Archive number)30070 (OAI)
Conference
8th Real Estate Workshop, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2023-07-03Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, B., Håkansson, P. G. & Karpestam, P. (2019). Residential Mobility and Housing Policy: Continuity and Change in the Swedish Housing Regime. In: Peter Gladoic Håkansson, Helena Bohman (Ed.), Peter Gladoic Håkansson, Helena Bohman (Ed.), Investigating Spatial Inequalities: Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe: (pp. 139-158). Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residential Mobility and Housing Policy: Continuity and Change in the Swedish Housing Regime
2019 (English)In: Investigating Spatial Inequalities: Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe / [ed] Peter Gladoic Håkansson, Helena Bohman, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Transaction costs, responsive housing supply, rent controls, tenant protection, and access to credit affect residential mobility these different parts of housing policy are included in what has been defined as housing regimes, which embrace regulations, laws, norms, and ideology as well as economic factors. In this chapter, we investigate how these regimes change by using institutional theories of path dependence. We use Sweden as an example and study three Swedish housing market reforms during the past decades that may have affected residential mobility, each related to one of the main institutional pillars of housing provision: tenure legislation, taxation, and finance. More precisely, we study the development of the rental regulation since the late 1960s, the tax reform in 1991, and the new reforms on mortgages since 2010. What caused these reforms? What were the main mechanisms behind them, and why did they occur at the time they did? We argue, besides affecting residential mobility, these reforms have the common feature of including interesting elements of path dependence and forming critical junctures that have led the development on to a new path. Institutions of tenure legislation, housing finance, and taxation are often claimed to have effects on residential mobility. Although they are seldom designed with the explicit aim of supporting (or counteracting) residential mobility, they may sometimes do so as more or less unintended consequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Path dependence, housing regime, change, rent-setting, taxation, finance policy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-9867 (URN)10.1108/978-1-78973-941-120191009 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148116976 (Scopus ID)30802 (Local ID)9781789739428 (ISBN)30802 (Archive number)30802 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, B. & Bohman, H. (2019). Tenant voice - as strong as it gets: Exit, voice and loyalty in housing renovation (ed.). In: (Ed.), Book of proceeding 8th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference: . Paper presented at 8ht Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019) (pp. 142-153). Malmö University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tenant voice - as strong as it gets: Exit, voice and loyalty in housing renovation
2019 (English)In: Book of proceeding 8th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö University , 2019, p. 142-153Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article applies Hirschmans’ concepts exit, voice and loyalty to a Swedish case of housing renovation in an estate with comparatively strong tenants. Renovations can be considered as shocks or critical junctures to an existing tenant-landlord relation, and therefore expose power relations on the housing market. Renovation processes are complex both technically and socially, and our study indicates that the exit, voice and loyalty framework is a useful tool for analysing such processes. In the case studied, tenants were not able to affect the renovation process per se, but tenant voice did affect the outcome in other respects. We argue that this strong tenant group represents an extreme ‘most likely’ case, making it possible to test the limits of tenant influence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-10962 (URN)30071 (Local ID)978-91-7877-036-6 (ISBN)30071 (Archive number)30071 (OAI)
Conference
8ht Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö, Sweden (9-10 may 2019)
Available from: 2020-02-29 Created: 2020-02-29 Last updated: 2023-03-16Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, B., Håkansson, P. & Karpestam, P. (2018). Housing Regimes and Labour Market Mobility (ed.). In: (Ed.), : . Paper presented at 7th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö, Sweden (17-18 may 2018).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Housing Regimes and Labour Market Mobility
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16441 (URN)30068 (Local ID)30068 (Archive number)30068 (OAI)
Conference
7th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö, Sweden (17-18 may 2018)
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2023-11-13Bibliographically approved
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