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Wrangstål, L., Pigg, M., Almutairi, N. & Fransson, H. (2024). A critical look at outcome measures: Comparison between four dental research journals by use of a hierarchical model. International Endodontic Journal, 57(2), 119-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A critical look at outcome measures: Comparison between four dental research journals by use of a hierarchical model
2024 (English)In: International Endodontic Journal, ISSN 0143-2885, E-ISSN 1365-2591, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 119-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To assess the status quo of outcome measures used in treatment studies in Endodontics, and potentially identify strategies for improvement, by (i) systematically assessing the outcome measures using a conceptual model and (ii) comparing these with measures used in corresponding studies in the adjacent fields.

Methodology: The International Endodontic Journal, Caries Research, The Journal of Clinical Periodontology and The Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache were selected to cover four adjacent dental disciplines. In each journal, the 50 most recent consecutive publications fulfilling inclusion criteria were included. A hierarchical model for diagnostic imaging studies was modified to assess studies related to treatment. The model comprised six levels, with technical as the lowest level and societal as the highest. Extracted data included study origin, study type, and identified outcome measures. Fisher's Exact Tests with Bonferroni corrections compared studies. p < .05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Amongst 756 publications, the 200 most recent studies matching the inclusion criteria were identified. Less than half (36.5%) assessed the clinical, patient, or societal aspects of treatment; 10.0% in International Endodontic Journal, 28.0% in Caries Research, 38.0% in Journal of Clinical Periodontology, and 70.0% in Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache (p < .001).

Conclusions: According to included publications, research on treatment within the endodontic field is mainly focusing on technical and biological outcomes. The benefits of patients and society were less frequently examined than in corresponding journals in adjacent disciplines. When designing studies, including higher-level outcomes should be considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64290 (URN)10.1111/iej.14011 (DOI)001123417400001 ()38082460 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85179318564 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-12 Created: 2023-12-12 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Jonsson Sjögren, J., Kvist, T., List, T., Eliasson, A., EndoReCO, . & Pigg, M. (2024). Characteristics and impact of pain from root-filled teeth: A practice-based cross-sectional study comparing painful teeth with and without signs of inflammatory dental disease. The Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, 38(1), 64-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Characteristics and impact of pain from root-filled teeth: A practice-based cross-sectional study comparing painful teeth with and without signs of inflammatory dental disease
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2024 (English)In: The Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, ISSN 2333-0384 , E-ISSN 2333-0376 , Vol. 38, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To compare pain characteristics, impact of pain and characteristics of patients withpainful root-filled teeth with and without signs of inflammatory dental disease. Thiscross-sectional study was performed in the Public Dental Health services, RegionÖrebro County, Sweden. Adult patients with ≥1 root-filled tooth identified at theirregular check-up were included and assigned to one of two groups; those with ≥1sign of inflammatory dental disease (DD+) and those without any such sign (DD−).Patients/teeth were compared regarding pain characteristics (intensity, frequency,duration, quality and provoking factors), impact of pain (medication intake, impacton life) and patient characteristics as background factors (general health, other bodilyand orofacial pain). Statistics included descriptive data (frequency tables) and groupcomparisons (Chi-square, Fisher’s Exact and Mann-Whitney U-tests). The DD+ groupincluded 27 participants (30 teeth) and the DD− group 22 participants (23 teeth).On average, pain intensity was mild, the frequency most often recurrent, and theimpact was low. Average pain duration since onset exceeded 2 years in both groups.The only observed between-group differences were average pain intensity; 3.1 (0–10Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)) in DD− group compared to 1.6 for DD+ (p = 0.030),and tenderness to apical palpation; only reported in the DD+ group. The similaritiesin clinical presentation between the two groups underscore the difficulties in correctlydistinguishing between pain of odontogenic and non-odontogenic origin in root-filledteeth with a standard clinical investigation. Additional diagnostic methods need to beinvestigated for their ability to differentiate between tooth pain or discomfort of differentorigins

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MRE press, 2024
Keywords
Dentistry/diagnosis, Dentistry/epidemiology, Endodontics, Facial pain, Pain, Root canal therapy
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67133 (URN)10.22514/jofph.2024.007 (DOI)001201730900002 ()
Available from: 2024-05-07 Created: 2024-05-07 Last updated: 2024-05-20Bibliographically approved
Olsson, S. R., Jonsson Sjögren, J., Pigg, M., Fransson, H., Eliasson, A., EndoReCo, .. & Kvist, T. (2024). Interventions in root‐filled teeth identified in general dental practice: A 6‐year longitudinal observational study. International Endodontic Journal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interventions in root‐filled teeth identified in general dental practice: A 6‐year longitudinal observational study
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2024 (English)In: International Endodontic Journal, ISSN 0143-2885, E-ISSN 1365-2591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim: To  investigate  what  happens  to  cross-  sectionally  identified  root-  filled  teeth  over  a  6-  year  period,  regardless  of  the  time  that  elapsed  since  primary  root  canal  treatment, in a cohort of adult patients regularly attending a Public Dental Service. A secondary aim was to investigate how the cumulative events affecting root- filled teeth  over  the  same  time  were  associated  with  variables  obtained  from  a  baseline  examination.Methodology: Adult patients with ≥1 previously root- filled tooth and regularly at-tending the Public Dental Service in Örebro County were enrolled for study partici-pation in 2015. General dental practitioners examined all identified root- filled teeth in this cohort at baseline using a standardized protocol and were also responsible for further decision- making and treatments. After six years, information on events of the root- filled teeth was collected from dental records. The highest rating (most invasive treatment) on a 5- point ordinal scale was used in the analyses. Regression analyses with stepwise selection were performed for associations between patient-  and tooth- related factors and events.Results: A total of 445 patients with 1007 root- filled teeth were followed the entire observation time. Twenty (2.0%) of the root- filled teeth had endodontic retreatment and  150  (14.9%)  were  extracted  over  six  years.  Among  teeth  with  periapical  radio-lucency  or  pain,  the  majority  did  not  undergo  retreatment  or  extraction;  however,  the multivariate analysis demonstrated that retreatment or extraction was associated with baseline recordings of teeth with periapical radiolucency (p< .0001),  tenderness to percussion (p<   .0001), and poor coronal restoration (p< .0001).Conclusions: This  study  corroborates  the  notion  that  in  general  dentistry,  root-  filled teeth with radiological signs of apical disease often remain untreated over time. Furthermore,  it  also  reveals  that  root-  filled  teeth  presenting  with  mild  pain  do  not  necessarily  receive  any  intervention.  However,  teeth  with  baseline  signs  of  apical  periodontitis,  pain,  or  inadequate  coronal  restoration  were  more  likely  to  have  re-ceived intervention during the six- year period.

National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67250 (URN)10.1111/iej.14079 (DOI)001216357900001 ()
Available from: 2024-05-16 Created: 2024-05-16 Last updated: 2024-05-20Bibliographically approved
Nagendrababu, V., Pigg, M., Duncan, H. F., Abbott, P. V., Fouad, A. F., Kruse, C., . . . Dummer, P. M. H. (2024). PRIDASE 2024 guidelines for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies in endodontics: A consensus‐based development. International Endodontic Journal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PRIDASE 2024 guidelines for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies in endodontics: A consensus‐based development
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2024 (English)In: International Endodontic Journal, ISSN 0143-2885, E-ISSN 1365-2591Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Studies investigating the accuracy of diagnostic tests should provide data on how effectively they identify or exclude disease in order to inform clinicians responsible for managing patients. This consensus-based project was undertaken to develop reporting guidelines for authors submitting manuscripts, which describe studies that have evaluated the accuracy of diagnostic tests in endodontics. These guidelines are known as the Preferred Reporting Items for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies in Endodontics (PRIDASE) 2024 guidelines. A nine-member steering committee created an initial checklist by integrating and modifying items from the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) 2015 checklist and the Clinical and Laboratory Images in Publications (CLIP) principles, as well as adding a number of new items specific to the specialty of endodontics. Thereafter, the steering committee formed the PRIDASE Delphi Group (PDG) and the PRIDASE Online Meeting Group (POMG) in order to collect expert feedback on the preliminary draft checklist. Members of the Delphi group engaged in an online Delphi process to reach consensus on the clarity and suitability of the items in the checklist. The online meeting group then held an in-depth discussion on the online Delphi-generated items via the Zoom platform on 20 October 2023. According to the feedback obtained, the steering committee revised the PRIDASE checklist, which was then piloted by several authors when preparing manuscripts describing diagnostic accuracy studies in endodontics. Feedback from this process resulted in the final version of the PRIDASE 2024 checklist, which has 11 sections and 66 items. Authors are encouraged to use the PRIDASE 2024 guidelines when developing manuscripts on diagnostic accuracy in endodontics in order to improve the quality of reporting in this area. Editors of relevant journals will be invited to include these guidelines in their instructions to authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
Keywords
consensus, diagnostic accuracy studies, endodontics, guidelines, root canal treatment
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67130 (URN)10.1111/iej.14075 (DOI)001208459500001 ()
Available from: 2024-05-07 Created: 2024-05-07 Last updated: 2024-05-20Bibliographically approved
Brodén, J., Pigg, M., Vareman, N. & Fransson, H. (2023). “Experts already have the answers". A mixed methods study on dental students’ reflections on risk assessment of root filled teeth. In: ESE Wladimir Adlivankine Research Prize, Education Prize and Original Research Abstracts: . Paper presented at 21st Biennial Congress of the European Society of Endodontology, Helsingfors, Finland 2023. , Article ID EP02.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Experts already have the answers". A mixed methods study on dental students’ reflections on risk assessment of root filled teeth
2023 (English)In: ESE Wladimir Adlivankine Research Prize, Education Prize and Original Research Abstracts, 2023, article id EP02Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aims: Reflection on a deeper level is recognized as an important skill to learn for undergraduate students since mastering reflection can be helpful throughout their future careers. The aim with this study was to (i) examine if short structured written reflections could stimulate deep reflection among a group of dental students and (ii) explore specifically how the students reflected on clinical experience in relation to uncertainty when assessing the risk for exacerbation of apical periodontitis in root filled teeth.Methods: Short reflections were written by 52 dental students at Malmö University in 2021. All students first answered some questions associated with the risk for exacerbation of apical periodontitis in a case with a root filled tooth with a diffuse widening of the periodontal ligament space. After this, they were asked to write short reflections following prompts developed specifically to stimulate reflection. For each student, the reflections were analyzed and the level of reflection according to the 4Rs framework (Reporting/responding, Relating, Reasoning, Reconstructing) was assessed. The written content in the reflections were analyzed by a qualitative method, Systematic Text Condensation (STC). Results: Thirteen of the students (25%) reached the deepest level of reflection, Reconstructing. Sixteen students (31%), reached only the most superficial level, Report/respond. Two themes about experience and lack of experience were identified in the reflections: Theme 1 “The meaning of clinical experience” and Theme 2 “Differences and similarities”. The themes were subdivided into nine subgroups and described in more detail the relationship between experience and certainty as perceived by the students.Conclusions: A short reflection exercise stimulated deep reflection in a proportion of, but not all, dental students. The students believed that certainty comes with experience even when there is a lack of scientific evidence.

National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62634 (URN)
Conference
21st Biennial Congress of the European Society of Endodontology, Helsingfors, Finland 2023
Available from: 2023-09-18 Created: 2023-09-18 Last updated: 2023-09-22Bibliographically approved
Havsed, K., Hänsel Petersson, G., Isberg, P.-E., Pigg, M., Svensäter, G. & Rohlin, M. (2023). Multivariable prediction models of caries increment: a systematic review and critical appraisal.. Systematic Reviews, 12(1), Article ID 202.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multivariable prediction models of caries increment: a systematic review and critical appraisal.
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2023 (English)In: Systematic Reviews, E-ISSN 2046-4053, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Multivariable prediction models are used in oral health care to identify individuals with an increased likelihood of caries increment. The outcomes of the models should help to manage individualized interventions and to determine the periodicity of service. The objective was to review and critically appraise studies of multivariable prediction models of caries increment.

METHODS: Longitudinal studies that developed or validated prediction models of caries and expressed caries increment as a function of at least three predictors were included. PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science supplemented with reference lists of included studies were searched. Two reviewers independently extracted data using CHARMS (Critical Appraisal and Data Extraction for Systematic Reviews of Prediction Modelling Studies) and assessed risk of bias and concern regarding applicability using PROBAST (Prediction model Risk Of Bias ASessment Tool). Predictors were analysed and model performance was recalculated as estimated positive (LR +) and negative likelihood ratios (LR -) based on sensitivity and specificity presented in the studies included.

RESULTS: Among the 765 reports identified, 21 studies providing 66 prediction models fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Over 150 candidate predictors were considered, and 31 predictors remained in studies of final developmental models: caries experience, mutans streptococci in saliva, fluoride supplements, and visible dental plaque being the most common predictors. Predictive performances varied, providing LR + and LR - ranges of 0.78-10.3 and 0.0-1.1, respectively. Only four models of coronal caries and one root caries model scored LR + values of at least 5. All studies were assessed as having high risk of bias, generally due to insufficient number of outcomes in relation to candidate predictors and considerable uncertainty regarding predictor thresholds and measurements. Concern regarding applicability was low overall.

CONCLUSIONS: The review calls attention to several methodological deficiencies and the significant heterogeneity observed across the studies ruled out meta-analyses. Flawed or distorted study estimates lead to uncertainty about the prediction, which limits the models' usefulness in clinical decision-making. The modest performance of most models implies that alternative predictors should be considered, such as bacteria with acid tolerant properties.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD#152,467 April 28, 2020.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2023
Keywords
CHARMS, Dental caries, Likelihood ratio, PROBAST, Prediction models
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63663 (URN)10.1186/s13643-023-02298-y (DOI)001089824700001 ()37904228 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85175349690 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-13 Created: 2023-11-13 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Watanabe, T., Sieg, M., Lunde, S. J., Persson, M., Taneja, P., Baad-Hansen, L., . . . Vase, L. (2023). Nocebo response in dentistry: A systematic review and meta-analysis of adverse events in analgesic trials of third molar removal. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 50(4), 332-342
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nocebo response in dentistry: A systematic review and meta-analysis of adverse events in analgesic trials of third molar removal
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 332-342Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundThe nocebo response refers to the phenomenon where non-specific factors, including negative verbal suggestion and treatment expectations, cause adverse events (AE) following a placebo treatment. Non-specific factors are also likely to influence AE occurrence following administration of active pharmacological treatments. ObjectiveThis meta-analysis aimed to estimate the nocebo response in dentistry by assessing the AEs prevalence in placebo- and active arms of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing analgesic treatment following third molar (M3) surgery. MethodsA systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Eligible studies had to report the number of patients experiencing at least one drug-related AE (patients with AE >= 1) separately for the active and placebo arms. The proportion of patients with AE >= 1 and drug-related dropouts were pooled, and risk differences (RDs) between patients in the placebo- and active arm were calculated. ResultsIn 50 independent RCTs of 47 identified articles, the pooled rates of patients with AE >= 1 were 22.8% in the placebo arm and 20.6% in the active arm. The pooled rates of drug-related dropout were 0.24% in the placebo arm and 0.08% in the active arm. There were no significant RDs in patients with AE >= 1 and drug-related dropouts. ConclusionThese results show that patients in the placebo arm reported AEs to the same extent as patients receiving active treatment, suggesting that most AEs in analgesic medication following M3 surgery may be attributed to the nocebo phenomenon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
analgesics, long term adverse effects, nocebo effect, oral surgery, pain, third molar
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58365 (URN)10.1111/joor.13414 (DOI)000917784600001 ()36648379 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85147213142 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-02-27 Created: 2023-02-27 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
May, A., Benoliel, R., Imamura, Y., Pigg, M., Baad-Hansen, L., Svensson, P. & Hoffmann, J. (2023). Orofacial pain for clinicians: A review of constant and attack-like facial pain syndromes. Cephalalgia, 43(8), Article ID 3331024231187160.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Orofacial pain for clinicians: A review of constant and attack-like facial pain syndromes
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2023 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 43, no 8, article id 3331024231187160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Primary headache syndromes such as migraine are among the most common neurological syndromes. Chronic facial pain syndromes of non-odontogenic cause are less well known to neurologists despite being highly disabling. Given the pain localization, these patients often consult dentists first who may conduct unnecessary dental interventions even if a dental cause is not identified. Once it becomes clear that dental modalities have no effect on the pain, patients may be referred to another dentist or orofacial pain specialist, and later to a neurologist. Unfortunately, neurologists are also often not familiar with chronic orofacial pain syndromes although they share the neural system, i.e., trigeminal nerve and central processing areas for headache disorders.

CONCLUSION: In essence, three broad groups of orofacial pain patients are important for clinicians: (i) Attack-like orofacial pain conditions, which encompass neuralgias of the cranial nerves and less well-known facial variants of primary headache syndromes; (ii) persistent orofacial pain disorders, including neuropathic pain and persistent idiopathic facial/dentoalveolar pain; and (iii) other differential diagnostically relevant orofacial pain conditions encountered by clinicians such as painful temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, sinus pain, dental pain, and others which may interfere (trigger) and overlap with headache. It is rewarding to know and recognize the clinical picture of these facial pain syndromes, given that, just like for headache, an internationally accepted classification system has been published and many of these syndromes can be treated with medications generally used by neurologists for other pain syndromes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
PIDAP, PIFP, TMD, classification, facial pain, headache, neuralgia, treatment, trigeminal
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61986 (URN)10.1177/03331024231187160 (DOI)001116295100008 ()37548299 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85166756508 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-18 Created: 2023-08-18 Last updated: 2023-12-27Bibliographically approved
Nagendrababu, V., Duncan, H. F., Fouad, A. F., Kirkevang, L., Parashos, P., Pigg, M., . . . Dummer, P. M. H. (2023). PROBE 2023 guidelines for reporting observational studies in Endodontics: A consensus‐based development study. International Endodontic Journal, 56(3), 308-317
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PROBE 2023 guidelines for reporting observational studies in Endodontics: A consensus‐based development study
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2023 (English)In: International Endodontic Journal, ISSN 0143-2885, E-ISSN 1365-2591, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 308-317Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Observational studies are non-interventional studies that establish the prevalence and incidence of conditions or diseases in populations or analyse the relationship between health status and other variables. They also facilitate the development of specific research questions for future randomized trials or to answer important scientific questions when trials are not possible to carry out. This article outlines the previously documented consensus-based approach by which the Preferred Reporting items for Observational studies in Endodontics (PROBE) 2023 guidelines were developed. A steering committee of nine members was formed, including the project leaders (PD, VN). The steering committee developed an initial checklist by combining and adapting items from the STrengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist and the Clinical and Laboratory Images in Publications (CLIP) principles, as well as adding several new items specifically for the specialty of Endodontics. The steering committee then established a PROBE Delphi Group (PDG) and a PROBE Online Meeting Group (POMG) to obtain expert input and feedback on the preliminary draft checklist. The PDG members participated in an online Delphi process to reach consensus on the clarity and suitability of the items present in the PROBE checklist. The POMG then held detailed discussions on the PROBE checklist generated through the online Delphi process. This online meeting was held via the Zoom platform on 7th October 2022. Following this meeting, the steering committee revised the PROBE checklist, which was piloted by several authors when preparing a manuscript describing an observational study for publication. The PROBE 2023 checklist consists of 11 sections and 58 items. Authors are now encouraged to adopt the PROBE 2023 guidelines, which will improve the overall reporting quality of observational studies in Endodontics. The PROBE 2023 checklist is freely available and can be downloaded from the PRIDE website (https://pride-endodonticguidelines.org/probe/).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
Endodontics; consensus; observational studies; root canal treatment
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56683 (URN)10.1111/iej.13873 (DOI)000896891200001 ()36416192 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85144117423 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-14 Created: 2022-12-14 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Nagendrababu, V., Duncan, H. F., Fouad, A. F., Kirkevang, L., Parashos, P., Pigg, M., . . . Dummer, P. M. H. (2023). PROBE 2023 guidelines for reporting observational studies in endodontics: explanation and elaboration. International Endodontic Journal, 56(6), 652-685
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PROBE 2023 guidelines for reporting observational studies in endodontics: explanation and elaboration
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2023 (English)In: International Endodontic Journal, ISSN 0143-2885, E-ISSN 1365-2591, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 652-685Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Observational studies play a critical role in evaluating the prevalence and incidence of conditions or diseases in populations as well as in defining the benefits and potential hazards of health-related interventions. There are currently no reporting guidelines for observational studies in the field of Endodontics. The Preferred Reporting Items for study Designs in Endodontology (PRIDE) team have developed and published new reporting guidelines for observational-based studies called the “Preferred Reporting items for OBservational studies in Endodontics (PROBE) 2023” guidelines. The PROBE 2023 guidelines were developed exclusively for the specialty of Endodontics by integrating and adapting the “STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)” checklist and the “Clinical and Laboratory Images in Publications (CLIP)” principles. The recommendations of the Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting Guidelines were adhered to throughout the process of developing the guidelines. The purpose of this document is to serve as a guide for authors by providing an explanation for each of the items in the PROBE 2023 checklist along with relevant examples from the literature. The document also offers advice to authors on how they can address each item in their manuscript before submission to a journal. The PROBE 2023 checklist is freely accessible and downloadable from the Preferred Reporting Items for study Designs in Endodontology (PRIDE) website (http://pride-endodonticguidelines.org/probe/).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58514 (URN)10.1111/iej.13909 (DOI)000953439100001 ()36851874 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85150862253 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-03-02 Created: 2023-03-02 Last updated: 2023-06-21Bibliographically approved
Projects
Prediction of endodontic infection spread (PRENDIS)
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7989-1541

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