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Wemrell, M., Tegel, E., Öberg, J. & Ivert, A.-K. (2023). Assessing the use of clinical guidelines against domestic violence in southern Sweden: A mixed-methods study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 37(3), 828-841
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the use of clinical guidelines against domestic violence in southern Sweden: A mixed-methods study
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 828-841Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Domestic violence is a prevalent public health issue. While clinical guidelines and care programs for its identification and handling have been formulated in all administrative regions of Sweden, their degree of implementation is largely unknown. This study aims to assess the implementation of one administrative region's care program, including how it is seen to align with and function in clinical practice, and any perceived barriers to or facilitators of its use.

METHODS: A survey was distributed to first-line managers for healthcare units with patient contact in the region (n = 807). The responses were analysed using descriptive statistics. Open responses were analysed thematically. Group interviews (n = 5) were held with caregivers (n = 15) working primarily with young patients and analysed thematically.

RESULTS: 73% of the survey respondents reported previous awareness of the care program, and 27% reported knowledge of its content. The extent to which their staff knew about and followed the care program was assessed to be relatively low. The survey response rate was 19%. Among interview participants, knowledge of the care program was generally quite low. Survey responses and interview discussions pointed to the importance of developing routines, of collegial and managerial support and of training on domestic violence and the care program.

CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the knowledge and use of the regional care program is limited among healthcare staff, including among those working with young patients. This underscores the importance of information and training for furthering the implementation of clinical guidelines on domestic violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
Sweden, domestic violence, guidelines, healthcare, implementation, screening
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-59315 (URN)10.1111/scs.13168 (DOI)000962264900001 ()37002636 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85152058836 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-20 Created: 2023-04-20 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
Chrysoulakis, A. P., Ivert, A.-K. & Torstensson Levander, M. (2023). From structural time use to situational rule-breaking: Analysing adolescents’ time use and the person-setting interaction. European Journal of Criminology, 20(6), 1804-1828
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From structural time use to situational rule-breaking: Analysing adolescents’ time use and the person-setting interaction
2023 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 1804-1828Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While unsupervised and unstructured socialising with peers is associated with delinquency, less is known about to what extent it fits within adolescents’ daily routine activities; that is, their general, structural time use. Furthermore, research informed by the situational action theory shows that unstructured socialising increases the probability of rule-breaking acts more for individuals with higher crime propensity. Hence, structural time use might explain patterns of unstructured socialising, and crime propensity might explain why some are at an increased risk of committing rule-breaking acts during such situations. The present study aims to connect these three aspects and examine: (i) how adolescents tend to structure their time use, (ii) if their structural time use differentially places them in unstructured socialising, and (iii) whether some adolescents during unstructured socialising run an elevated risk of committing rule-breaking acts due to their morality (as part of their crime propensity) while also taking their structural time use into account. Using a sample of 512 adolescents (age 16) in Sweden, time use and morality are analysed using latent class analysis based on space-time budget data and a self-report questionnaire. Multilevel linear probability models are utilised to examine how rule-breaking acts result from an interaction between an individual’s morality and unstructured socialising, also taking structural time use into account. Results show that the likelihood of unstructured socialising in private but not in public is different across identified latent classes. Adolescents, in general, run an elevated risk of rule-breaking acts during unstructured socialising, irrespective of structural time use. In this study, these acts consist mainly of alcohol consumption. However, the risk is higher for adolescents with lower morality. Adolescents’ time use may account for a general pattern of delinquency, but accounting for rule-breaking acts requires knowledge of the interaction between person and setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Morality, space-time budget, unstructured socialising, latent class analysis, time-use, situational action theory
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51487 (URN)10.1177/14773708221097657 (DOI)000797538600001 ()2-s2.0-85132644996 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, Grant No. 2012-05545/HS24-09/1055
Available from: 2022-05-17 Created: 2022-05-17 Last updated: 2023-10-18Bibliographically approved
Di Rocco, J., Vasiljevic, Z. & Ivert, A.-K. (2023). "Neighborhood fear of crime and disadvantaged areas: a comparative longitudinal study". Crime Prevention & Community Safety, 25(4), 427-445
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Neighborhood fear of crime and disadvantaged areas: a comparative longitudinal study"
2023 (English)In: Crime Prevention & Community Safety, ISSN 1460-3780, E-ISSN 1743-4629, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 427-445Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study explores how neighborhood fear of crime ("worry about specific crimes") changes over time in neighborhoods with different levels of disadvantage. With a comparative design, 81 and 123- neighborhoods in two cities in Sweden are followed over a six-year period. Fear of crime trajectories are assessed through growth curve modeling. We consider how differences in neighborhood processes, such as social and physical disorder, might influence fear of crime levels. The results show that fear of crime increased over time in both cities and the increase was related to higher levels of physical disorder in several areas. Furthermore, the change differed depending on the neighborhood type - in highly disadvantaged neighborhoods, the fear was stable at a high level. In contrast, the largest increases in fear could be seen in the areas with the lowest disadvantage in both cities. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Keywords
Fear of crime, Disadvantaged neighborhoods, Local disorder, Longitudinal, Multilevel modeling, Comparative
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63065 (URN)10.1057/s41300-023-00191-3 (DOI)001060727200001 ()2-s2.0-85169879864 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-10-10 Created: 2023-10-10 Last updated: 2023-12-11Bibliographically approved
Stjernswärd, S., Ivert, A.-K. & Glasdam, S. (2023). Perceptions and effects of COVID-19 related information in Denmark and Sweden: a web-based survey about COVID-19 and social media. Journal of Public Health, 31(4), 645-659
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions and effects of COVID-19 related information in Denmark and Sweden: a web-based survey about COVID-19 and social media
2023 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 645-659Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Extensive COVID-19 information can generate information overload and confusion. Denmark and Sweden adopted different COVID-19 management strategies.

Aim: This study aimed to compare search strategies, perceptions and effects of COVID-19 information, in general and specifically in social media, in residents in Denmark and Sweden.

Subject and methods:  = 616) from Denmark and Sweden on an international web-based survey was analysed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

Results: The results showed similarities between the countries regarding preferred and trusted information sources, use of (social) media, and psychosocial and behavioural effects of such information. Traditional media and social media were frequently used for COVID-19 information. Especially health authorities and researchers were trusted sources, representing the dominant medico-political discourse. There were no differences in negative effect and social behaviour. Residents in Denmark experienced significantly more positive effects than residents in Sweden.

Conclusion: Summarily, the study showed similarities and small differences among residents in both countries related to usage patterns, perceptions and effects of COVID-19 information from (social) media, despite diverging strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023
Keywords
COVID-19 information, Denmark, Psychosocial effects, Social media, Survey, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42119 (URN)10.1007/s10389-021-01539-5 (DOI)000643586800001 ()33936931 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85105230951 (Scopus ID)
Note

Correction: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-021-01642-7 (ISI:000682437600001)

Available from: 2021-05-07 Created: 2021-05-07 Last updated: 2023-07-04Bibliographically approved
Ivert, A.-K., Di Rocco, J. & Kronkvist, K. (2023). Uppföljning av brott och otrygghet i Sofielund: En uppdaterad utvärdering av Fastighetsägare BID Sofielunds arbete. Malmö universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uppföljning av brott och otrygghet i Sofielund: En uppdaterad utvärdering av Fastighetsägare BID Sofielunds arbete
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport är den fjärde ur en serie rapporter som på olika sätt beskrivit Sofielundsområdena med fokus på brottslighet och otrygghet. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att undersöka utvecklingen av bland annat brottslighet och otrygghet i Sofielundsområdena sedan fastighetsägarorganisationen BID Sofielund initierades. Ambitionen är att rapporten ska bidra med kunskap och lärdomar om BID-inspirerade samarbeten och vilka potentiella effekter ett sådant samarbete kan ha på utvecklingen av bland annat brott och otrygghet i lokalområdet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet, 2023. p. 90
Series
FoU-rapport, ISSN 1650-2337 ; 2023:3
Keywords
Oro för brott, brottslighet, otrygghet, Sofielund, brottsförebyggande arbete
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62230 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178774074 (DOI)978-91-7877-407-4 (ISBN)978-91-7877-408-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Utvärdering av brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbete i urbana bostadsområden
Available from: 2023-08-31 Created: 2023-08-31 Last updated: 2023-08-31Bibliographically approved
Ivert, A.-K. & Mellgren, C. (2023). Uppföljning av sluta skjut: En strategi för att minska det grova våldet i Malmö. Malmö universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uppföljning av sluta skjut: En strategi för att minska det grova våldet i Malmö
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet, 2023. p. 60
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61605 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178773879 (DOI)978-91-7877-387-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-06-30 Created: 2023-06-30 Last updated: 2023-11-30Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, M., Wemrell, M., Merlo, J. & Ivert, A.-K. (2022). Intimate Partner Violence against Women in the EU: A Multilevel Analysis of the Contextual and Individual Impact on Public Perceptions. Women & Criminal Justice, 32(5), 417-430
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intimate Partner Violence against Women in the EU: A Multilevel Analysis of the Contextual and Individual Impact on Public Perceptions
2022 (English)In: Women & Criminal Justice, ISSN 0897-4454, E-ISSN 1541-0323, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 417-430Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) poses severe threats to women’s health and rights. This study investigates the role of country context and gender equality in shaping individual perceptions of the severity of IPVAW. Multilevel logistic regression analyses of a Eurobarometer survey on attitudes toward IPVAW from 27 EU states showed that male gender, young age, low education, low self-assessed social position and particularly perceiving IPVAW as uncommon were associated with perceiving IPVAW as less severe. The likelihood of perceiving IPVAW as less severe was higher in countries with low gender equality. Between-country variance accounted for 14% of the variability, while country-level gender equality accounted for 22% of the between-country variance. We conclude that efforts toward strengthening perceptions of IPVAW as a severe issue should focus on awareness-raising and on increasing country-level gender equality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
Keywords
European Union, gender-based violence, gender equality, intimate partner violence against women, multilevel analysis, public perceptions
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36885 (URN)10.1080/08974454.2020.1835792 (DOI)000590737600001 ()2-s2.0-85095777703 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-03093
Note

Published online: 09 Nov 2020

Available from: 2020-11-19 Created: 2020-11-19 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Wemrell, M., Tegel, E. & Ivert, A.-K. (2022). Region Skånes vårdprogram mot våld i nära relationer: en uppföljning.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Region Skånes vårdprogram mot våld i nära relationer: en uppföljning
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 50
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55134 (URN)
Funder
Region SkåneSwedish National Council for Crime Prevention
Available from: 2022-09-23 Created: 2022-09-23 Last updated: 2022-09-30Bibliographically approved
Mangrio, E., Zdravkovic, S. & Ivert, A.-K. (2022). Risk for mental illness following exposure to violence and threats among newly arrived refugees. BMC Research Notes, 15(1), Article ID 361.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk for mental illness following exposure to violence and threats among newly arrived refugees
2022 (English)In: BMC Research Notes, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 361Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: There is an association between pre-migration exposure to threats and violence, and the risk for mental illness among newly arrived refugees (NAR). The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the effect of pre-migration violent and threatening experiences on the mental health of NAR in Sweden. The participants were recruited between February 2015 and February 2016, undergoing the naturalisation process in Sweden. In total, 681 questionnaires were returned (response rate of 39.5%).

Results: The results showed that almost 50% of the sample were at risk for mental illness. Analysis of pre-migration exposure to violence or threats, and risk for mental illness, showed a significant odds ratio for violence as well as for threats. Analysing men and women separately resulted in a significant odds ratio for women for pre-migration threats. For men, pre-migration violence and threats were significantly associated with the risk for mental illness. The host society receiving NAR must screen for mental illness and be prepared to provide support and care for refugees who were exposed to violence or threats, and who are subsequently at risk for mental illness. This must be considered in order to improve health and subsequently the social integration of refugees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
Keywords
Mental illness, Newly arrived refugees, Quantitative research, Threats, Violence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health and society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55542 (URN)10.1186/s13104-022-06239-1 (DOI)000896581400002 ()36494826 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85143706924 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-10-31 Created: 2022-10-31 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Engström, A., Ivert, A.-K. & Jansson, B. (Eds.). (2022). Samverkan mellan polis och universitet: Studentarbeten från kursen Kriminologi: Tillämpning. Malmö: Malmö universitet, Institutionen för kriminologi
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samverkan mellan polis och universitet: Studentarbeten från kursen Kriminologi: Tillämpning
2022 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten syftar till att undersöka förutsättningar som lärare och polis upplever sig ha för attarbeta med antisemitism i Malmö, ifall lärarstudenter får den kunskap de behöver under sinutbildning för att hantera antisemitism och hur samverkan mellan olika aktörer ser ut iMalmö. Detta undersöks genom kvalitativa intervjuer samt kvalitativa och kvantitativaenkätfrågor.Resultaten av rapporten talar för att det saknas viss kunskap bland lärare och lärarstudenterför att upptäcka och hantera antisemitism, men även att det finns viss rädsla och otrygghet föratt diskutera vissa aspekter av ämnet. Lärarstudenter får under sin utbildning inte tillräckligtmycket kunskap för att hantera antisemitism i framtida yrken. Polisen upplevs inte vara encentral aktör i skolans arbete mot antisemitism, men kan fungera som stöd till lärare ochskolledning. Det tas även upp att en mer omfattande dokumentation av polisen vid dessa fallskulle kunna leda till större möjligheter att utreda antisemitiska hatbrott. Resultatet visar attdet finns flertalet pågående samarbeten i Malmö, framförallt inom skolmiljö för att motverkaantisemitism. Det saknas dock en gemensam samordning av dessa initiativ. Utifrån det somhar framkommit i resultatet rekommenderas flera förslag, bland annat återkoppling av polisefter nedlagd anmälan av hatbrott, inkludering av antisemitism i lärarutbildning och rollspelför att integrera frågor rörande konflikter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö universitet, Institutionen för kriminologi, 2022. p. 404
Keywords
antisemitism, antisemitiska hatbrott, förebyggande, samverkan, polis, skola och utbildning
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-52489 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178772957 (DOI)978-91-7877-294-0 (ISBN)978-91-7877-295-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-06-10 Created: 2022-06-10 Last updated: 2023-07-05Bibliographically approved
Projects
Victimisation among young people in the city of Malmö. Daily routines and consequences; Malmö UniversityEvaluation of Sluta Skjut; Malmö UniversityGrow safely - a research project within the Child Health Care in Skåne; Malmö University; Publications
Mangrio, E. & Hjortsjö, M. (2023). Meeting families in various social situations: Reflections from healthcare staff working with an extended home-visiting program in Sweden. Discover Health Systems, 2, 1-6, Article ID 38. Mangrio, E. & Norberg, J. (2023). Växa tryggt: Slutrapport från Malmö universitets forskargrupp. Malmö: Region SkåneFranzén, C., Nilsson, E.-L., Norberg, J. & Peterson, T. (2020). Trust as an analytical concept for the study of welfare programmes to reduce child health disparities: the case of a Swedish postnatal home visiting programme. Children and youth services review, 118, 1-7, Article ID 105472.
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7749-9549

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