Malmö University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 49) Show all publications
Hrelja, R. & Rye, T. (2024). Delivering Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in low to medium density contexts.: Actor relationships and market conditions in smaller Swedish cities. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 18(3), 236-249
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Delivering Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in low to medium density contexts.: Actor relationships and market conditions in smaller Swedish cities
2024 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, ISSN 1556-8318, E-ISSN 1556-8334, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 236-249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses actor relationships in Transit Oriented Development (TOD) planning in order to better understand the preconditions necessary for planning processes to result in TOD in lower density contexts, in suburbs, or small cities. Empirically, the analysis builds on a comparative case study of TOD planning projects. The focus in the analytical work is on understanding how market conditions in lower density contexts influence the conditions for TOD planning projects, and how this feeds through to planning processes. The overall conclusion is that we should not expect that planning processes in small cities with low to medium densities of populations and activities differ much from those in more ‘classic’ highly urban TOD locations. Market conditions had an impact on planning processes, but once in the planning stage conditions for implementation depended more on the ability to handle competing interests and less on market conditions. In terms of policy recommendations, it is important for actors to develop a joint vision of the built environment of the site in question that channels organizations’ individual actions in a joint direction. The ability to achieve such a joint vision for the design of the site in question may be more important in small towns than in more ‘typical’ TOD contexts in denser urban areas. This is because all enablers need to work together in a positive way in such location – which may be marginal from a market point of view – for the development to be able to go ahead.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2024
Keywords
Implementation, low density, planning, small cities, TOD, transit-oriented development
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Transportation studies; Urban studies; Organisational studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63879 (URN)10.1080/15568318.2023.2285318 (DOI)001115245300001 ()2-s2.0-85178293192 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-27 Created: 2023-11-27 Last updated: 2024-03-28Bibliographically approved
Allansson, J., Pettersson-Löfstedt, F. & Hrelja, R. (2023). Collaborative challenges and barriers when planning and implementing Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): Lessons from Swedish BRT projects. Urban, Planning and Transport Research, 11(1), Article ID 2246530.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaborative challenges and barriers when planning and implementing Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): Lessons from Swedish BRT projects
2023 (English)In: Urban, Planning and Transport Research, ISSN 2165-0020, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 2246530Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to improve the knowledge of collaborative challenges when planning and implementing Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). Collaborative challenges are here understood as the barriers that may arise in BRT planning and implementation as a consequence of several formally independent actors, occasionally with different interests, participating in the planning. The results are based on an analysis of actor interactions in Swedish BRT projects. These projects are analysed in relation to the state of the art in the research field of collaborative approaches. The results show two main and interrelated collaborative challenges. The first category of challenges concerns difficulties for actors in creating a common understanding of what a BRT system is, the second category concerns details of bus priority measures, e.g. busways, priority at intersections, and how to handle and deal with conflicting interests when removing speed bumps or pedestrian and cycle crossings. In terms of policy is in the early stages of the planning processes. This can be generated by working practices and tools that facilitate agreements on how to handle different interests and trade-offs. BRT guidelines adapted to national transport policy, legal and organisational conditions could function as tools in assisting actor dialogue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Bus rapid transit, BRT, collaboration, barriers, planning, implementation
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transportation studies; Organisational studies; Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61832 (URN)10.1080/21650020.2023.2246530 (DOI)2-s2.0-85167797805 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2023-08-14 Created: 2023-08-14 Last updated: 2023-08-25Bibliographically approved
Hrelja, R. & Rye, T. (2023). Decreasing the Share of Travel by Car: Strategies for Implementing ’Push’ or ‘Pull’ Measures in a Traditionally Car-Centric Transport and Land Use Planning. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 17(5), 446-458
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Decreasing the Share of Travel by Car: Strategies for Implementing ’Push’ or ‘Pull’ Measures in a Traditionally Car-Centric Transport and Land Use Planning
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, ISSN 1556-8318, E-ISSN 1556-8334, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 446-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes strategies that can be successfully pursued to implement measures to reduce car traffic in what has traditionally been a very car-centric planning praxis. Analytically, the paper use path dependency theory to provide an understanding of why certain types of measure are not implemented in cities on as widespread a basis as policy objectives may require, and to understand how transport planning path dependence in urban authorities might be changed. Empirically, the analysis builds on a comparative case study of transport and land use planning in Swedish cities. The most effective strategies do not appear to be radical policies leading to fast implementation of goals about sustainable transport, for example by implementing very car restrictive measures, even in the face of resistance from the public and from within the city administration. The results support an approach that from a strategy making perspective can be understood as an institutionalizing process by which internal organizational and external public support for car restrictive and potentially controversial measures are built. Implementation may be achieved by building new institutions within city administrations, where routines and norms gradually change so that car restraint measures gradually become part of the normal way of doing transport planning. This then starts to lock-in certain patterns of travel and make further car restraint measures more feasible and institutionalized as part of a standard menu of measures that cities use, and not something out of the order.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Traffic restraint; car restriction; transport planning; policy; sustainability; path-dependence
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transportation studies; Urban studies; Organisational studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50726 (URN)10.1080/15568318.2022.2051098 (DOI)000771817700001 ()2-s2.0-85127115969 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 43202-1
Available from: 2022-03-23 Created: 2022-03-23 Last updated: 2023-07-04Bibliographically approved
Hrelja, R., Olsson, L., Pettersson‑Löfstedt, F. & Rye, T. (2022). Challenges of delivering TOD in low-density contexts: the Swedish experience of barriers and enablers. European Transport Research Review, 14, Article ID 20.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges of delivering TOD in low-density contexts: the Swedish experience of barriers and enablers
2022 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 14, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is key to the success of public transport and for sustainable urbanand regional development. Previous research has often focused on delivering TOD in urban areas with high population and building densities. This highlights the need to broaden the scope of TOD approaches to also include less densely populated areas located outside the immediate urban cores as a key concern for policy. The aim of this paper is to increase the knowledge of how to deliver TOD in such low-density contexts. Three case studies of attempts at delivering TOD in sparsely populated areas in three Swedish city-regions are made. The data for the case studies consist of planning documents and 13 interviews with key stakeholders involved in the planning processes of the three cases. The results show that many of the barriers and enablers are rather similar to those identifed in research onTOD in much more urban contexts in other parts of the world, but the relationships between them are diferently nuanced in low-density contexts. The lack of clear quantifed defnitions of what TOD is (or is not) allows a more fexible, site-specifc understanding of TOD to emerge in this context. It is important that a shared vision of TOD in each location is developed by the organizations involved—and such a shared vision appears to be crucial for the development to have a good chance of being delivered. Informal defnitions, and individual perceptions (including those of the public) are important; and in locations that are quite “marginal” for TOD, all enablers must interact together positively for the development to have the maximum likelihoodof going ahead as planned

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2022
Keywords
Transit-oriented development, Public transport, Sustainable urban development, Low-density, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Urban studies; Transportation studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-51595 (URN)10.1186/s12544-022-00546-1 (DOI)000800940300002 ()2-s2.0-85130643795 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Malmö University
Available from: 2022-05-23 Created: 2022-05-23 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Hrelja, R., Olsson, L., Pettersson-Löfstedt, F. & Rye, T. (2022). Kollektivtrafikorienterad bebyggelseplanering (KOB) i mindre tätorter och på landsbygden: Rekommendationer för policy och planering. Lund: K2 - Nationellt kunskapscentrum för kollektivtrafik
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kollektivtrafikorienterad bebyggelseplanering (KOB) i mindre tätorter och på landsbygden: Rekommendationer för policy och planering
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

För att få fler människor att välja kollektivtrafiken behöver ny bebyggelse lokaliseras till platser med god kollektivtrafik, till exempel, till stationsnära lägen och genom att förtäta och blanda bostäder, service och grönområden för att ge invånarna närhet till olika aktiviteter. En kollektivtrafikorienterad bebyggelseplanering (KOB) – innebär att man skapar en tätare och mer stadsmässig bebyggelse kring kollektivtrafikens noder och stråk. I mindre tätorter och på landsbygden är förutsättningarna för det annorlunda än i större städer, och KOB måste därför anpassas till dessa förutsättningar. Planeringen av KOBpåverkas därtill av flera offentliga och privata organisationer, och deras samverkan är av central betydelse för att KOB ska kunna förverkligas i mindre tätorter och på landsbygden. I denna rapport beskrivs hur man kan främja KOB i mindre tätorter och på landsbygden i Sverige. Följande fem övergripande rekommendationer syftar till att stimulera KOB på platser med lägre täthet men möjligheter till god kollektivtrafikförsörjning:

a) Utveckla en regional KOB-strategi och en regionalt anpassad KOB-typologi

b) Ta fram strategier för kollektivtrafikorienterad fastighetsutveckling i samarbetemellan myndigheter och marknadsaktörer

c) Utveckla kommunala förtätningsstrategier för kollektivtrafikorienteradbebyggelsed) Utveckla kommunala kollektivtrafikstrategier

e) Utveckla en väl fungerande samverkan kring KOB

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: K2 - Nationellt kunskapscentrum för kollektivtrafik, 2022. p. 18
Series
K2 Outreach ; 2022:2
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Urban studies; Transportation studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56847 (URN)978-91-89407-16-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Parida, M., Patnala, P. K., Hrelja, R. & Chalumuri, R. S. (2022). Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) as a Sustainable Transport Strategy for Metropolitan Cities (Springered.). In: Maurya A.K.; Vanajakshi L.D.,;Arkatkar S.S.; Sahu P.K. (Ed.), Transportation Research in India: Practices and Future Directions (pp. 183-202). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) as a Sustainable Transport Strategy for Metropolitan Cities
2022 (English)In: Transportation Research in India: Practices and Future Directions / [ed] Maurya A.K.; Vanajakshi L.D.,;Arkatkar S.S.; Sahu P.K., Springer, 2022, Springer, p. 183-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Transit-oriented development (TOD) is a highly dense, diverse, pedestrian-friendly, accessible, and affordable urban structure within proximity to transit facilities. It embraces the idea that locating the right urban development around transit facilities promotes sustainable transportation, i.e., the use of transit, walking, and cycling. A successful TOD at the metropolitan level is inclusive and is often an effective way to create land values at the neighborhood level. Delivering positive outcomes of TOD in metropolitan cities is not easy and necessitates well-balanced urban design decisions. This chapter focuses on what planning parameters that need special attention to alleviate TOD as a sustainable transport strategy for mitigating urban problems in metropolitan cities, by taking Delhi as a suitable case study. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022 Edition: Springer
Series
Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering, ISSN 2363-7633, E-ISSN 2363-7641
Keywords
Transit oriented development, TOD
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Urban studies; Transportation studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-50839 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-9636-7_10 (DOI)978-981-16-9635-0 (ISBN)978-981-16-9636-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-03-30 Created: 2022-03-30 Last updated: 2022-07-19Bibliographically approved
Hrelja, R. (2021). Hur kan man lära ut akademiskt skrivande? En litteraturöversikt och reflektion över undervisningspraktiker. Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (JoTL), 2(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur kan man lära ut akademiskt skrivande? En litteraturöversikt och reflektion över undervisningspraktiker
2021 (Swedish)In: Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (JoTL), E-ISSN 2004-4097, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna text är att diskutera former och förutsättningar för studenter att lära sig akademiskt skrivande. Resultaten bygger på en litteraturöversikt. Litteraturen analyseras utifrån följande frågor: vilka lärandeteorier kring akademiskt skrivande utgår litteraturen från? Vilka förslag om hur man ska lära ut akademiskt skrivande ges? Resultaten visar att litteraturen ofta utgår från premissen att skrivande är en process, och litteraturen ger framförallt råd om hur man kan lära ut ”processuell kunskap”. Det innebär att litteraturen rekommenderar lärare att skapa lärsituationer där studenter lär sig skrivprocessens olika steg genom att skriva text och reflektera över textens i dialog med läraren eller studentkollegor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2021
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40927 (URN)10.24834/jotl.2.1.554 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-03-01 Created: 2021-03-01 Last updated: 2023-01-10Bibliographically approved
Khan, J., Hrelja, R. & Pettersson, F. (2021). Increasing public transport patronage: An analysis of planning principles and public transport governance in Swedish regions with the highest growth in ridership. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 9(1), 260-270
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing public transport patronage: An analysis of planning principles and public transport governance in Swedish regions with the highest growth in ridership
2021 (English)In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 260-270Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing the attractiveness of public transport is a key issue in the endeavours towards more sustainable transport systems. While there is a lot of knowledge on what can be done to increase public transport patronage, there is a lack of empirically based research analysing how to do this in practice. Using a comparative case analysis of six regions in Sweden with the highest increase in passenger volumes for public transport between 2009 and 2015, this paper examines the prerequisites for increasing public transport patronage, with a focus on the governance conditions required to implement such measures. The empirical material consists of semistructured interviews with public transport planners and strategy documents for the six regions. The findings show that all regions but one employed a similar approach and implemented measures aimed at concentrating resources to corridors where the potential demand was the greatest. Only one region chose a different approach by investing in services in both strong routes and in the peripheral network. However, regardless of approach, the results highlight that there is considerable coherence regarding the governance conditions that enable implementation. Three main conditions were identified, namely political support, well-functioning collaboration between organisations, and public support through citizen dialogue. The results support key findings on collaborative conditions from previous research, including the importance of joint objectives, trust between key individuals, and the need for long time frames in order to develop collaborative capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Public transport, Sustainable transport, Governance
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Transportation studies; Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-39136 (URN)10.1016/j.cstp.2020.12.008 (DOI)000621465900012 ()2-s2.0-85099573442 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 43013-1
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Rye, T., Hrelja, R., Monios, J. & McTigue, C. (2021). Partnership or franchising to improve bus services in two major English urban regions?: An institutional analysis. Transport Policy, 114, 59-67
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partnership or franchising to improve bus services in two major English urban regions?: An institutional analysis
2021 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 114, p. 59-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses two differing approaches to the improvement of local bus services, using the analytical lens of formal and informal institutions. Both formal and informal institutions govern the behaviour of authorities and operators, but they do it in different ways and they have advantages and disadvantages. In so doing we seek to understand both how the informal institutional approach (e.g. voluntary partnership working) can be used effectively, but also to assess its limits; and to understand why a formal institutional approach (e.g. franchising), in spite of its strong underlying basis in law, may nonetheless not always function. Through doing so, this paper contributes to the current understanding of how to handle the unintended consequences of a deregulated market through the different (formal and informal) ways available.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
transport policy, bus franchise, partnership, deregulation, UK, Great Britain
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Transportation studies; Urban studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-45929 (URN)10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.09.001 (DOI)000703596600006 ()2-s2.0-85127027010 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-09-16 Created: 2021-09-16 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved
Hrelja, R., Khan, J. & Pettersson, F. (2020). How to create efficient public transport systems?: A systematic review of critical problems and approaches for addressing the problems. Transport Policy, 98, 186-196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to create efficient public transport systems?: A systematic review of critical problems and approaches for addressing the problems
2020 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 98, p. 186-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Creating efficient public transport systems that attract users is a challenging task in contexts where the control of public transport is divided between various actors. Recent research on public transport has therefore seen increasing focus on issues like coordination, collaboration and steering in complex governance settings. However, more is known about what needs to be done than how to implement the necessary changes. This paper presents a systematic literature review with a focus on developing the understanding on how to improve the conditions for public transport. The reviewed articles are analysed for increasing the understanding of the critical challenges in the planning and implementation of measures to increase public transport travel; the working practices for dealing with problems described in the literature; and the advantages and disadvantages of different working practices. Based on the analysis an analytical framework is developed that can be used to study and evaluate working practices for managing critical challenges. The framework consists of three interconnected factors (i) actors, (ii) institutions (laws and rules that govern the interaction of the actors), and (iii) work processes (phases in the interaction between the actors). Drawing on the results of the systematic review a number of key issues for establishing working practices for dealing with the challenges are emphasized for each of the factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-13706 (URN)10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.10.012 (DOI)000590675900011 ()2-s2.0-85075351754 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-03-04 Created: 2020-03-04 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9445-784X

Search in DiVA

Show all publications