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Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Hedin, A. (2023). Book review: Jonsson, Oscar, 2023. Hotet från Ryssland. Stockholm: Mondial. [Review]. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 125(3), 833-839
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book review: Jonsson, Oscar, 2023. Hotet från Ryssland. Stockholm: Mondial.
2023 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 125, no 3, p. 833-839Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Fahlbeckska stiftelsen, 2023
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63989 (URN)
Available from: 2023-11-29 Created: 2023-11-29 Last updated: 2023-12-01Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2022). Global nyinstitutionalism (1ed.). In: Linda Alamaa; Stina Melander; Ylva Stubbergaard (Ed.), Perspektiv på offentlig förvaltning: Teori i praktiken (pp. 57-77). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global nyinstitutionalism
2022 (Swedish)In: Perspektiv på offentlig förvaltning: Teori i praktiken / [ed] Linda Alamaa; Stina Melander; Ylva Stubbergaard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, p. 57-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Detta kapitel beskriver två besläktade nyinstitutionella inriktningar: den normativa nyinstitutionalismen (March & Olsen 1984) och den globala nyinstitutionalismen (Meyer m.fl. 1997). Båda är varianter av sociologisk nyinstitutionalism och utgår från att individer och organisationer formas (socialiseras) av sin omgivning: individer av den organisation de arbetar inom, och organisationer av andra organisationer, som de jämför sig med.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022 Edition: 1
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Organisational studies; Organisational studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56637 (URN)9789144153247 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2024-06-11Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2022). Re-assessing the Soviet Impact on Western Welfare States. EuropeNow (49)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-assessing the Soviet Impact on Western Welfare States
2022 (English)In: EuropeNow, no 49Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The idea that Western Europe has the Soviet threat to thank for our social policies is a long-standing presumption amongst leftist historians and remains a strategic narrative in the foreign policy of post-Soviet Russia today (cf. Gorenburg 2019).  

Until a decade ago, mainstream research on the history of the European social model hesitated to address this hypothesis (Obinger & Schmidt 2011). Rather than refute it, most research ignored it. Still, the narrative that the historic Soviet Union was an engine behind global welfare state development lived on – and may be experiencing a revival (cf. Rasmussen and Bergli 2019).

Why then, have scholars waited to address this possibility? Perhaps they worry that dignifying the claim with scientific attention would support Soviet-era propaganda and undermine the legitimacy of the democratic welfare state. 

This piece is based on the reverse premise: Instead of ignoring it, we should follow the call of British historian E.H. Carr and study the historical Soviet impact on the West. Propaganda is most effective when it is based on a kernel of truth. To counter it, we should examine that kernel and de-construct the narratives surrounding it. In effect, leftist narratives of how the Soviet impact happened should be analyzed as part of history itself.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Council for European Studies, 2022
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56636 (URN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, SAB19-0502:1
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2022-12-16Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2021). Communist state administrative structures. In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics: (pp. 1-31). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, Article ID doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1411.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communist state administrative structures
2021 (English)In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2021, p. 1-31, article id doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1411Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article presents some core structural–organizational principles of communist state administration and gives empirical examples of how they were — and are — expressed in practice. The administrative structures and institutional traditions of communist regimes constitute a family or type, where affnities to the original Soviet model are strong.

The administrative doctrines of unity of power, socialist legality, cadre management, and the so-called nomenclature model of administrative control were developed by the former Soviet Union, where the nomenclature system was instituted in 1922. With Soviet military and ideological expansion, the Soviet model then spread across the globe.

At its high point in the late 1980s, almost 30 Marxist-Leninist regimes existed on four of Earth’s five continents: Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and Central America. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, almost all of the states formerly occupied or mentored by it transitioned from communism. In the 21st century, five countries still count as largely communist in their administrative structure: China, Vietnam, Laos, Cuba, and North Korea.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2021
Keywords
communist-type administration, nomenclature system, Politburo apparatus, cadre file, administrative doctrine, democratic centralism, unity of power, socialist legality, public administration and policy
National Category
Public Administration Studies
Research subject
Organisational studies; Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-45604 (URN)10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1411 (DOI)9780190228637 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, SAB19-0502:1
Note

Article in encyclopedia

Available from: 2021-09-03 Created: 2021-09-03 Last updated: 2021-09-06Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2021). Lagging Impact: New Research on Communism Needs to Reach Textbooks. Cambridge, MA
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lagging Impact: New Research on Communism Needs to Reach Textbooks
2021 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Communist regimes are very secretive concerning how their states are organized. This goes for the historical Soviet Union as well as contemporary China. In effect, until the fall of East European communism in 1989-91, researchers faced great problems figuring out the facts. How was communism organized? Few people knew, and those who knew wouldn’t tell. 

Today, three decades’ worth of archives-based research is slowly accumulating into a new map of the communist state. However, this development is happening within native-language historical research. Meanwhile, the political science agenda remains largely unreformed.  

At a time when students need to better understand China, Russia, and the quagmires of post-communist reforms, much new knowledge about historical communist regimes sits unused, says Astrid Hedin.

In effect, political science curricula need an upgrade. Textbooks on comparative politics tend to fall back on one of three outmoded lines of analysis, all of which are misleading. They reduce differences between communist regimes and liberal democracies to single aspects, such as the organization of the economy. They fail to teach students about the distinctive administrative doctrines and practices of Soviet-type states. And they compare post-communist countries not with their own history, but with an envisioned future as liberal democracies. In effect, scholarly inquiry gets stuck in a loop of ‘traveling problems’ and ‘conceptual stretching’ (Sartori 1970, 1991). 

Place, publisher, year, pages
Cambridge, MA: , 2021. p. 4
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Global politics; Organisational studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-46757 (URN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, SAB19-0502:1
Note

Published in "Insights : the online publication of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University"

Available from: 2021-11-09 Created: 2021-11-09 Last updated: 2021-11-12Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2019). Before the Breakdown of the Saltsjöbaden Spirit of Labour Market Cooperation: The Swedish Employers’ Confederation and workplace democracy in the 1960s (ed.). Scandinavian Journal of History, 44(5), 591-616
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Before the Breakdown of the Saltsjöbaden Spirit of Labour Market Cooperation: The Swedish Employers’ Confederation and workplace democracy in the 1960s
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 591-616Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 1976 Swedish landmark law on workplace democracy, Medbestämmandelagen (MBL), has traditionally been regarded as a victory of social democracy over recalcitrant employers. In contrast, this article shows how, in fact, before the law, the Swedish Employers’ Confederation (SAF) was the main driver behind Swedish research on work life reform, and the main promoter of employer-union dialogue on the matter. Crucially, in the 1960s, SAF endorsed the internationally pioneering thinking of economist Eric Rhenman, who argued that conflict within the firm between managers and unions was unavoidable, healthy, and could be good for business if framed in a productive manner. Today, this line of management thinking is termed the Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage. However, in the early 1970s, Swedish social democracy radicalized abruptly. The SAF board initially interpreted the new radicalism as a masquerade to appease activists. SAF assumed that, behind the scenes, the Swedish spirit of consensus-oriented labour market dialogue would prevail, as it had since the 1938 Saltsjöbaden agreement. And assuredly, the actual effects of the MBL law proved to be considerably less radical than advertised, and broadly compatible with Rhenman’s thinking. Still, social democracy’s new ideological rhetoric helped prompt SAF’s late 1970s shift from cooperation to conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Swedish Employers’ Confederation (SAF), workplace democracy, Swedish model, Eric Rhenman, Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1874 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2019.1580611 (DOI)000486113400004 ()2-s2.0-85062794709 (Scopus ID)30493 (Local ID)30493 (Archive number)30493 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2023-09-01Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2019). How authoritarian states can use international travelers to promote their interests: Lessons from East Germany. London, UK: London School of Economics and Political Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How authoritarian states can use international travelers to promote their interests: Lessons from East Germany
2019 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Authoritarian regimes typically place restrictions on the ability of citizens to travel abroad. Astrid Hedin maps the bureaucratic procedures of the former East Germany, showing how travel controls were organised to screen travellers, shape political narratives, and harvest information on western counterparts. These travel controls remain part of the institutional heritage and bureaucratic traditions of authoritarian post-communist states today.

Recently, the Swedish Security Service, SÄPO, urged public agencies and industry to be more vigilant in contacts with individuals from Russia and China. According to SÄPO, both countries “use methods and laws that allow them to demand from all their citizens and companies that they assist the state with information”.

The key phrase here, of course, is ‘all’ as in ‘all their citizens’. This piece of advice goes against the grain of popular understanding of authoritarian regimes, which tends to assume that ordinary contacts with individual professionals are relatively free and unaffected by an authoritarian regime. What, then, can historical research tell us about post-communist states’ historical travel controls?

Place, publisher, year, pages
London, UK: London School of Economics and Political Science, 2019
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56639 (URN)
Funder
Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2022-12-16Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2019). How communist regimes directed global dialogue. Geneva, Switzerland: Global Governance Centre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How communist regimes directed global dialogue
2019 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Recent archival revelations on communist regime travel controls challenge how we understand everyday global dialogue. What would global dialogue have looked like, if all citizens under communist regimes had been allowed to interact with foreigners, and to speak freely? How would the work of international organizations and transnational professional associations have been different, if the borders of communist regimes had been open for travel?

In a new article for Cooperation and Conflict I provide the most detailed English language mapping of the administrative structure for a communist regime travel cadre system to date. It is based on the historical example of East Germany (GDR). Since the administrative system of the GDR was built on the Soviet template, it is likely that other communist regimes, past and present, had or continue to have similar systems of travel controls.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Geneva, Switzerland: Global Governance Centre, 2019
Series
The Global- rethinking global governance ; 20190213
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56643 (URN)
Funder
Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2022-12-16Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2019). Illiberal deliberation: Communist regime travel controls as state capacity in everyday world politics (ed.). Cooperation and Conflict, 54(2), 211-233
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Illiberal deliberation: Communist regime travel controls as state capacity in everyday world politics
2019 (English)In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 211-233Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Much social theory takes for granted that transnational people-to-people dialogue is inherently liberal in process and content - a haven of everyday authenticity that shelters ideas of human rights and democratic reform. In contrast, this contribution shows how communist regimes built and institutionalised an encompassing administrative state capacity to control and shape micro-level professional contacts with the West. This extensive but secret system of coercion, which was brought to light only with the opening of former communist regime archives, set a markedly illiberal framework for everyday East-West deliberations during the Cold War. Effectively, the travel cadre system may not only have delayed the demise of Soviet bloc communism, by isolating the population from Western influences. It was also intended to serve as a vehicle for the discursive influence of Soviet type regimes on the West. The article provides one of the first and most detailed English language maps of the administrative routines of a communist regime travel cadre system, based on the East German example. Furthermore, drawing on social mechanisms methodology, the article sets up a micro-level 'how it could work' scheme over how travel cadre systems can be understood as a state capacity, unique to totalitarian regimes, to help sway political discourse in open societies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
Cold War, everyday life, state capacity, strategic narratives, travel cadre
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-1683 (URN)10.1177/0010836718815522 (DOI)000469829600006 ()2-s2.0-85058519979 (Scopus ID)29520 (Local ID)29520 (Archive number)29520 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-27 Created: 2020-02-27 Last updated: 2024-02-06Bibliographically approved
Hedin, A. (2019). Östtyska ”influencers” på uppdrag i väst. Lund: Lunds universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Östtyska ”influencers” på uppdrag i väst
2019 (Swedish)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under många decennier var medborgarna under Europas kommunistiska regimer instängda bakom järnridån och förhindrade att resa fritt till väst. När Berlinmuren byggdes 1961 blev gränsen helt ogenomtränglig. Mellan dubbla murar med taggtråd låg ett minerat ingenmansland under strålkastarljus, övervakat av beväpnade soldater i vakttorn. Den byråkratiska pendangen till Berlinmuren var det så kallade resekadersystemet, som styrde utresorna till väst. Kommunistregimerna valde ut vem som fick ha kontakt med väst, och genom att träna de resande i att tala väl om systemet utvecklades västvärldens bild av kommunismen åtskilt från verkligheten.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Lund: Lunds universitet, 2019
Series
Europa-kommentaren
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56648 (URN)
Funder
Axel and Margaret Ax:son Johnson Foundation
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2022-12-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8498-6529

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