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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Schütze, C. (2023). Colour-Blind Attitudes among Welfare Professionals: Examining the Relationship Between Colour-Blind Attitudes, Anti-immigration Attitudes and Social Desirability. Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 13(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Colour-Blind Attitudes among Welfare Professionals: Examining the Relationship Between Colour-Blind Attitudes, Anti-immigration Attitudes and Social Desirability
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 13, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Colour blindness is a concept that is established in the US context, and it has gained increased attention among European scholars. Yet we find less studies in the European context that measure colour-blind attitudes and show its prevalence among different groups. Therefore, this paper examines the prevalence of colour-blind attitudes among Swedish welfare professionals’ and how these attitudes are associated with anti-immigration attitudes but also social desirability. To this end, survey data is examined with a regression analysis. Welfare professionals who report greater levels of colour-blind attitudes are simultaneously more likely to report greater levels of anti-immigration attitudes. This paper thereby tests how colour-blind attitudes, a concept from the US context, can be applied to a Swedish welfare institutional context and finds convergent results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki University Press, 2023
Keywords
Colour-blind attitudes Anti-immigration attitudes Migration Welfare work Racial inequality Quantitative
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67226 (URN)10.33134/njmr.611 (DOI)001040948900005 ()2-s2.0-85168295854 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-15 Created: 2024-05-15 Last updated: 2024-05-16Bibliographically approved
Schütze, C. & Osanami Törngren, S. (2022). Exploring ways of measuring colour-blindness in Sweden: operationalisation and theoretical understandings of a US concept in a new context.. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 45(16), 637-658
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring ways of measuring colour-blindness in Sweden: operationalisation and theoretical understandings of a US concept in a new context.
2022 (English)In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 45, no 16, p. 637-658Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Colour-blindness is a prominent concept across disciplines in the US but is less prominent and still an emerging and under-utilised conceptual tool in the European and Swedish context. Existing research measures colour-blind attitudes – defined as the belief that race does not matter. In this paper we examine what happens when we translate these US measurements and understandings of colour-blind attitudes to the Swedish context? We present the results from two quantitative studies conducted between 2009 and 2020 in Sweden. Based on these results, we discuss the possibilities, limitations, and implications of replicating the theoretical concepts from the US in the Swedish context and propose possibilities for measuring colour-blindness quantitatively. The paper thereby not only contributes to the theoretical and methodological discussion on understanding colour-blind attitudes in the European context but also highlights the prominence of colour-blind racial attitudes in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
Keywords
Colour-blind attitudes; racial attitudes; Nordic context; welfare state; quantitative methods; inequality
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55465 (URN)10.1080/01419870.2022.2131451 (DOI)000867421600001 ()2-s2.0-85140894710 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, FR-2018/0010
Available from: 2022-10-21 Created: 2022-10-21 Last updated: 2024-06-13Bibliographically approved
Schütze, C. (2022). Professional discretion in Swedish welfare institutions: What factors influence perceived discretion?. Journal of Professions and Organization, 9(3), 364-376
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professional discretion in Swedish welfare institutions: What factors influence perceived discretion?
2022 (English)In: Journal of Professions and Organization, ISSN 2051-8803, E-ISSN 2051-8811, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 364-376Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Discretion is a central topic in the literature on service delivery of frontline professionals, especially in the light of neoliberal transformations in all welfare states. Previous studies have focused on exploring “discretionary space” and its meaning for service delivery, but these studies have not been able to clearly identify single determinants of perceived discretion. This study aims to contribute to the discussion by investigating factors that influence perceived discretion. To this end, data were examined from a nationwide survey of Swedish frontline professionals (N = 1319) within two major welfare organizations: the Public Employment Service and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. Hierarchical OLS regression was applied, resulting in the identification of two major influencing factors. Frontline professionals who reported higher levels of work pressure showed less perceived discretion, and frontline professionals working at the Public Employment Service showed higher levels of perceived discretion than those working at the Social Insurance Agency, highlighting the importance of organizational context for discretion. Greater work experience also proved to increase the feeling of having discretion at work. The results of this paper add to the existing literature by proposing a model of factors that are important for perceived discretion by frontline professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022
Keywords
discretion, welfare institutions, frontline professionals, welfare states, quantitative methods
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Arbete och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66762 (URN)10.1093/jpo/joac012 (DOI)000871091800001 ()2-s2.0-85161992494 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-04-16 Created: 2024-04-16 Last updated: 2024-04-22Bibliographically approved
Schütze, C. (2021). Ontological Security in Times of Global Transformations? Bureaucrats' Perceptions on Organizational Work Life and Migration. Political Psychology, 43(1), 3-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ontological Security in Times of Global Transformations? Bureaucrats' Perceptions on Organizational Work Life and Migration
2021 (English)In: Political Psychology, ISSN 0162-895X, E-ISSN 1467-9221, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 3-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Processes of globalization have accelerated over the last decades with profound consequences at the individual and societal level. This article discusses the repercussions of global changes in welfare organizations. In this context, migration is often portrayed as the main cause of the multiple insecurities caused by global transformations. It is examined how ontological insecurity caused by global transformations influences individuals and how these influences manifest themselves in the working life of bureaucrats. The aim is to explore how bureaucrats express themselves regarding their work with migrants and about migration in general and how we can understand these perceptions. A sample of 130 open-ended responses that were part of a nationwide survey directed towards bureaucrats from two of the main Swedish welfare institutions was analyzed through systematic content analysis. The results show that bureaucrats use different identity strategies, namely, retreatism in the form of distancing oneself, essentialism in the form of resentment towards migrants, and engagement in the form of mutual dialogue. These strategies are used to handle uncertainties and overcome complexities not only as professionals in their work life, but also as private individuals.

Keywords
ontological security, identity strategies, migration, organizational work
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Organisational studies; Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67199 (URN)10.1111/pops.12736 (DOI)000620197100001 ()2-s2.0-85101296625 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-13 Created: 2024-05-13 Last updated: 2024-05-16Bibliographically approved
Schütze, C. & Johansson, H. (2020). The importance of discretion for welfare services to minorities: Examining workload and anti‐immigration attitudes. Australian journal of public administration, 79(4), 426-443
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of discretion for welfare services to minorities: Examining workload and anti‐immigration attitudes
2020 (English)In: Australian journal of public administration, ISSN 0313-6647, E-ISSN 1467-8500, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 426-443Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Migration influx in Western countries resulting in increas-ingly diverse societies results in more complex situationsfor bureaucrats in their client interactions in welfareorganizations. The role of discretion for services to clientshas received much attention in the public administrationresearch and therefore this study explores the relationamong perceived workload, anti-immigration attitudes,perceived discretion, and perceived difficulty in workingwith migrants. The paper examines the function of per-ceived discretion as moderator or mediator variable inthis constellation. The relations are examined by usingstructural equation modelling based on a survey amongSwedish welfare bureaucrats (N = 1,319). The results showthat heavier perceived workload increased the likelihoodof experiencing work with migrants as difficult and thatgreater perceived discretion decreased the likelihood ofexperiencing work with migrants as difficult. The resultssuggest that perceived discretion functions as a mediatorfor the relation between perceived workload and difficultyin work with migrants: potentially functioning as a ‘buffer’for organizational pressure. We also found that bureaucratswho hold negative attitudes towards migrants were morelikely to express their work with migrants as more diffi-cult. This paper contributes to the public administrationliterature by increasing our knowledge on how discretion has significance in relation to when bureaucrat’s behaviouris determined by specific organizational and personalfactors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
discretion, migration, quantitative methods, street-level bureaucracy, welfare organizations
National Category
Sociology Social Work
Research subject
Arbete och organisation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67370 (URN)10.1111/1467-8500.12410 (DOI)000504925000001 ()2-s2.0-85078606660 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-22 Created: 2024-05-22 Last updated: 2024-05-28Bibliographically approved
Schütze, C. (2019). Attitudes matter: welfare work and migration in Sweden. Migration Studies, 8(3), 424-454
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes matter: welfare work and migration in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Migration Studies, ISSN 2049-5838, E-ISSN 2049-5846, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 424-454Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the factors that influence Swedish welfare workers’ attitudes towards migrants and how these attitudes are associated with their encounters with migrant users. Due to increased migration over the last decade, Sweden is now considered an immigrant nation. Migrants with the right to reside in Sweden are included within the larger welfare system. This paper argues that preconceived notions about migrants can affect the welfare services that they receive. Results from an online survey with a sample of 1,319 welfare practitioners reveal that welfare workers’ attitudes play a significant role when it comes to how they perceive their encounters with migrant users. The findings demonstrate that more favourable attitudes towards migrants were predicted mainly by personal contact with migrants and that different organisational contexts result in different experiences of encounters with migrant users. Less favourable attitudes towards migrants were primarily predicted by a strong ethnic national identity. Most importantly, the findings show that welfare workers’ who have more favourable attitudes towards migrants are less likely to perceive their encounters with migrant users as difficult. This paper contributes to welfare and migration research in two ways. First, this study provides additional support for previous claims from qualitative research by supporting the assumptions that preconceived negative ideas about migrants have meaning for practical welfare work. Second, this paper integrates two streams of research—attitude formation theory and street-level bureaucracy theory— thus expanding existing assumptions about what determines welfare practices with migrants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford Academic: , 2019
Keywords
migration, attitudes towards migrants, welfare work, street-level bureaucracy theory, Sweden
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67221 (URN)10.1093/mny/mny048 (DOI)2-s2.0-85100023455 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-15 Created: 2024-05-15 Last updated: 2024-05-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5878-9396

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