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Neziraj, M. (2024). The stair of knowledge – prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral healthand falls among older persons in nursing homes: development and evaluation of the feasibility of an educational intervention. (Doctoral dissertation). Malmö: Malmö University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The stair of knowledge – prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral healthand falls among older persons in nursing homes: development and evaluation of the feasibility of an educational intervention
2024 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background: Evidence exists on how to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes, but these health risks still occur frequently, causing suffering. Aim: The overall aim of the thesis was to develop and evaluate the feasibility of an educational intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. Methods: By combining methods, four studies were conducted to develop and evaluate the feasibility of an educational intervention. The educational intervention was developed in studies I-III, and its feasibility was evaluated in study IV. In study I, a quantitative study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the risks of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons receiving municipal healthcare. In study II, a qualitative study was conducted to explore nurse aides’, registered nurses’ and managers’ experiences of preventive work regarding pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. In study III, a qualitativ estudy was conducted to co-design the educational intervention together with nurse aides, registered nurses and managers to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. Additionally, key persons in the municipality participated in co-designing the educational intervention. The development process and the educational intervention itself was also described in study III. In study IV, a mixed methods study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of the educational intervention. Results: The risks of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls was approximately 28%, 56%, 34% and 74%, respectively, and approximately 90% had at least one health risk (study I). Nurse aides, registered nurses and managers experienced prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls as important but challenging (study II). The lack of knowledge among them was reported as a major challenge (studies II and III). The educational intervention, the STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE, was co-designed with nurse aides, registered nurses and managers in nursing homes, and stakeholders in the municipality, to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. The content, format and delivery of the STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE intervention was co-designed to fit the need for knowledge to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in a local context (study III), and was proven as feasible but with some refinements required for a perfect fit (study IV). Conclusion: The educational intervention, the STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE, was developed together with and for nurse aides, registered nurses and managers to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. The STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE intervention is therefore likely to provide end users with the knowledge needed to accomplish preventive work in nursing homes. The STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE intervention was proven to be feasible but with some amendments necessary before continuing to a definitive trial.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: Malmö University Press, 2024. s. 106
Serie
Malmö University Health and Society Dissertations, ISSN 1653-5383, E-ISSN 2004-9277
Nyckelord
prevention, pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral helath, falls, older persons, nursing homes, educational intervention
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67403 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178774043 (DOI)978-91-7877-403-6 (ISBN)978-91-7877-404-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2024-05-17, Hälsa och samhälle aulan, Jan Walderströmsgata 25, Malmö, 09:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Paper IV in dissertation as manuscript

Paper IV is not included in the fulltext online 

Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-24 Skapad: 2024-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Axelsson, M., Bahtsevani, C., Neziraj, M., Persson, K. & Kumlien, C. (2023). A registry study of oral health problems and preventive interventions among older persons receiving municipal healthcare - PROSENIOR. Nursing Open, 10(2), 525-534
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 525-534Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to identify planned and completed preventive interventions among older persons with oral health problems receiving municipal health care. A further aim was to determine the correspondence between oral health problems and planned preventive interventions among older persons with oral health problems receiving municipal health care. Design: Cross-sectional register study. Methods: Oral health data from the Swedish national quality registry, Senior Alert, were extracted for 4,024 older persons (>= 65 years) receiving municipal health care in a county in Southern Sweden. Data were statistically analysed. Results: A large majority of older persons (97.4%) with assessed oral health problems had at least one planned preventive intervention, and approximately three quarters of the planned interventions were completed. There seemed to be a mismatch between type of oral health problems and preventive interventions as not all older persons had a planned preventive intervention related to their specific oral health problem.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Nyckelord
nursing, oral health, prevention, risk assessment, Senior Alert
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55110 (URN)10.1002/nop2.1318 (DOI)000851512000001 ()36631732 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85135862891 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-23 Skapad: 2022-09-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Neziraj, M., Axelsson, M., Kumlien, C., Hellman, P. & Andersson, M. (2023). The STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE-a codesigned intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes in Sweden: development of a complex intervention. BMJ Open, 13(8), Article ID e072453.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE-a codesigned intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes in Sweden: development of a complex intervention
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 13, nr 8, artikel-id e072453Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of a codesigned complex intervention intended to prevent the risks of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes.

DESIGN: : Nursing homes in the municipality in southern Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS: End users (n=16) in nursing homes (n=4) codesigned the intervention together with the research group in workshops (n=4) in March-April 2022. Additionally, stakeholders (n=17) who were considered to play an important role in developing the intervention participated throughout this process. Data were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.

RESULTS: Four workshops were conducted with end users (n=16) and 13 meetings with stakeholders (n=12) were held during the development process. The intervention aims to bridge the evidence-practice gap regarding the preventive care process of the risks of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes. The intervention is aimed at end users, lasts for 3 weeks and is divided into two parts. First, end users obtain knowledge on their own by following written instructions. Second, they meet, interact and discuss the knowledge acquired during part 1.

CONCLUSION: The intervention is robustly developed and thoroughly described. The study highlights the extensive process that is necessary for developing tailored complex interventions. The description of the entire development process may enhance the replicability of this intervention. The intervention needs to be tested and evaluated in an upcoming feasibility study.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05308862.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2023
Nyckelord
Aging, Nursing Care, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62077 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2023-072453 (DOI)001046594600007 ()37562934 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85167737537 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-23 Skapad: 2023-08-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Wijk, H., Neziraj, M., Nilsson, Å. & Ung, E. J. (2021). Exploring the use of music as an intervention for older people living in nursing homes.. Nursing older people, 33(6), 14-20
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exploring the use of music as an intervention for older people living in nursing homes.
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nursing older people, ISSN 2047-8941, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 14-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Enjoying cultural events such as musical performances is a human right as well as contributing to quality of life. However, older people who live in nursing homes are often excluded from such events. Music interventions for older people with cognitive decline have been shown to have a positive effect on their mood and behaviour, particularly in terms of anxiety, agitation and irritability.

AIM: To investigate the effect of musical interventions in nursing homes from the perspective of older people, their relatives and caregivers.

METHOD: Musical performances were held at 11 nursing homes in Sweden. These performances were followed by semi-structured interviews that aimed to capture the experiences of the older people, their relatives and caregivers. The interviews were analysed by qualitative thematic analysis.

FINDINGS: Four relational themes were generated from the analysis: music enhances well-being for the body and soul, music evokes emotions and a 'spark of life', music adds a 'silver lining' to everyday life, and music inspires a journey of the imagination through time and space.

CONCLUSION: The music concerts had a positive effect on older people, their relatives and caregivers. Providing cultural encounters in nursing homes is an important caring intervention.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
RCNi Journals, 2021
Nyckelord
care homes, clinical, complementary therapies, music therapy, nursing homes, older people
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-46363 (URN)10.7748/nop.2021.e1361 (DOI)34643343 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85122488050 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-15 Skapad: 2021-10-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Neziraj, M., Hellman, P., Kumlien, C., Andersson, M. & Axelsson, M. (2021). Prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls: a register study among older persons receiving municipal health care in southern Sweden. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1), Article ID 265.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls: a register study among older persons receiving municipal health care in southern Sweden
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 21, nr 1, artikel-id 265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Although pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls are common among older persons, causing deteriorated health status, they have not been studied altogether among older persons receiving different types of municipal health care. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons aged ≥65 years receiving municipal health care in southern Sweden.

METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study (n = 12,518 persons aged ≥65 years) using data from the national quality registry Senior Alert was conducted. The prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls was calculated based on categorical data from the instruments available in Senior Alert. T-tests, chi-square test, the Mantel- Haenszel test and logistic regression models were performed.

RESULTS: The prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls was 27.9, 56.3, 34.2 and 74.5% respectively. Almost 90% of the older persons had at least one health risk. The prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, poor oral health and falls was significantly higher in dementia care units compared to short term nursing care, home health care and nursing homes. The prevalence of risk for malnutrition was significantly higher among older persons staying in short term nursing care compared to other types of housing. The odds of having a risk for malnutrition were higher in short term nursing care compared to other types of housing. The oldest age group of 95-106 years had the highest odds of having a risk for falls. The presence of multiple health risks in one subject were more common in dementia homes compared to nursing homes and home health care but not compared to short term nursing care.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of risk for pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls was high, implying that these health risks are a great concern for older persons receiving municipal health care. A comprehensive supporting preventive process to prevent all the investigated health risks among older persons receiving municipal health care is recommended.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central, 2021
Nyckelord
Falls, Malnutrition, Municipal health care, Older persons, Poor oral health, Pressure ulcers, Prevention, Register study, Risk assessment, Senior alert
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-42192 (URN)10.1186/s12877-021-02205-x (DOI)000642627800003 ()33882869 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85104596413 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-05-12 Skapad: 2021-05-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Neziraj, M., Andersson, M., Hellman, P., Axelsson, M. & Kumlien, C. (2021). Prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls in nursing homes: A focus group study with nurse aides, registered nurses and managers. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, 3, Article ID 100056.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, ISSN 2666-142X, Vol. 3, artikel-id 100056Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Despite available knowledge how to prevent the risk of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes, these risks still frequently occur and cause a major burden for older persons; furthermore, for the health care system, they are extremely costly. One way to combat these risks is to register the prevention process in quality registries. However, the increasing older population worldwide is going to put high demands on those working with this group of people. Objective: To explore how nurse aides, registered nurses and managers in nursing homes experience working with the prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls in general and according to the quality register Senior Alert care process. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in nursing homes in a municipality in southern Sweden. We purposively sampled nurse aides, registered nurses and managers (n = 21) working in nursing homes registered in the quality register Senior Alert, who then participated in one of five focus group semistructured digital interviews held between February and April 2020. The interviews were audio recorded. Data were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis. Results: Our findings explore how nurse aides, registered nurses and managers experience working with the prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls in nursing homes both in general and according to Senior Alert. The following four themes were generated during the analysis: (1) is included in the everyday work, (2) requires team effort, (3) requires handling many challenges and (4) requires finding strategies. Conclusion: The prevention of pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes is complex. There is a commitment and responsibility among nurse aides, registered nurses and managers regarding preventive work and team effort, and finding useful strategies is necessary for the work to be successful. However, challenges, both at the individual and organizational levels, are involved, which implies that smoother organizational routines facilitating this preventive work are needed. Although nurse aides, registered nurses and managers are good at finding strategies that facilitate this work, one of the main challenges seems to lie in the variety of knowledge found among those working in nursing homes, particularly among nurse aides. This challenge was voiced by all the professionals, which suggests the need for a tailored educational intervention aimed at increasing the related knowledge among those working in nursing homes to enhance preventive work.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2021
Nyckelord
Elderly, Falls, Focus group, Health care staff, Malnutrition, Managers, Poor oral health, Pressure ulcers, Prevention, Qualitative
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-48429 (URN)10.1016/j.ijnsa.2021.100056 (DOI)001026269700003 ()2-s2.0-85120753134 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-12-29 Skapad: 2021-12-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24Bibliografiskt granskad
Kumlien, C., Axelsson, M., Hellman, P., Neziraj, M. & Andersson, M. (2021). PROSENIOR-prevention av fall, trycksår, undernäring och dålig munhälsa hos äldre personer i samverkan med personal, äldre personer och Senior Alert. Ä : en tidning för Riksföreningen sjuksköterskan inom äldrevård : geriatriker, dietister inom geriatrik samt alla professioner runt den äldre patienten
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2021 (Svenska)Ingår i: Ä : en tidning för Riksföreningen sjuksköterskan inom äldrevård : geriatriker, dietister inom geriatrik samt alla professioner runt den äldre patienten, ISSN 2001-1164Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-46863 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-11-15 Skapad: 2021-11-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Neziraj, M., Kumlien, C., Andersson, M., Hellman, P. & Axelsson, M.The codesigned STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes: a feasibility study for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The codesigned STAIR OF KNOWLEDGE intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls among older persons in nursing homes: a feasibility study for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial
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(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67402 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-24 Skapad: 2024-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-24
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8169-853X

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