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Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2024). A Paradigm Shift in Plain Sight?: AI and the Future of Healthcare in the Nordic States. Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research, 9(2), 168-179
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Paradigm Shift in Plain Sight?: AI and the Future of Healthcare in the Nordic States
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research, ISSN 1799-4691, E-ISSN 2464-4161, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 168-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

All the Nordic states (except for Iceland at the time of analysis) have published a national artificial intelligencestrategy (NAIS) document. The NAISs provide a window through which to view a consolidated point where statesset out a socio-technical imaginary ostensibly focused on the impact of AI on the national society but, in so doing,communicate present-day value-laden assumptions. These future visions see an expansion in the scale and scope ofprivate-sector-driven AI applications in healthcare provision as inevitable, positive, and justified based on a promiseof efficiency. In so doing, the NAISs institutionalise a shift in how issues of participation, deliberation, and inclusionin health are structured in the future. The article asks what kind of ‘welfare’ the NAISs present for the Nordic regionwith respect to the governance, role, and ownership of AI healthcare. In so doing, it reveals how the NAISs providea vehicle by which to enable a paradigm shift in state–market relations that is, nonetheless, hidden from politicalscrutiny through its technological futurism

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Universitetsforlaget, 2024
Nyckelord
Nordic welfare, artificial intelligence, healthcare, public, private
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-69687 (URN)10.18261/nwr.9.2.5 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-07-01 Skapad: 2024-07-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-07-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Tucker, J. & Lorig, F. (2024). Agent-based social simulations for health crises response: utilising the everyday digital health perspective. Frontiers In Public Health, 11, 1-6, Article ID 1337151.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Agent-based social simulations for health crises response: utilising the everyday digital health perspective
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, s. 1-6, artikel-id 1337151Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There is increasing recognition of the role that artificial intelligence (AI) systems can play in managing health crises. One such approach, which allows for analysing the potential consequences of different policy interventions is agent-based social simulations (ABSS). Here, the actions and interactions of autonomous agents are modelled to generate virtual societies that can serve as a “testbed” for investigating and comparing different interventions and scenarios. This piece focuses on two key challenges of ABSS in collaborative policy interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic. These were defining valuable scenarios to simulate and the availability of appropriate data. This paper posits that drawing on the research on the “everyday” digital health perspective in designing ABSS before or during health crises, can overcome aspects of these challenges. The focus on digital health interventions reflects a rapid shift in the adoption of such technologies during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, and the new challenges this poses for policy makers. It is argued that by accounting for the everyday digital health in modelling, ABSS would be a more powerful tool in future health crisis management.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2024
Nyckelord
agent-based social simulations, health policy, crisis, COVID-19, everyday digital health, artificial intelligence
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Forskningsämne
Hälsa och samhälle
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65091 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2023.1337151 (DOI)001152256900001 ()38298258 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85183829987 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-17 Skapad: 2024-01-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Lorig, F., Tucker, J., Dahlgren Lindström, A., Dignum, F., Murukannaiah, P., Theodorou, A. & Yolum, P. (Eds.). (2024). HHAI 2024: Hybrid Human AI Systems for the Social Good: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Paper presented at Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Malmö, Sweden 10-14 June 2024.. IOS Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>HHAI 2024: Hybrid Human AI Systems for the Social Good: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence
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2024 (Engelska)Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

 The field of hybrid human-artificial intelligence (HHAI), although primarily driven by developments in AI, also requires fundamentally new approaches and solutions. Multidisciplinary in nature, it calls for collaboration across various research domains, such as AI, HCI, the cognitive and social sciences, philosophy and ethics, and complex systems, to name but a few. 

This book presents the proceedings of HHAI 2024, the 3rd International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence, held from 10-14 June 2024 in Malmö, Sweden. The focus of HHAI 2024 was on artificially-intelligent systems that cooperate synergistically, proactively and purposefully with humans, amplifying rather than replacing human intelligence. A total of 62 submissions were received for the main track of the conference, of which 31 were accepted for presentation after a thorough double blind review process. These comprised 9 full papers, 5 blue sky papers, and 17 working papers, making the final acceptance rate for full papers 29%. Acceptance rate across all tracks of the main program was 50%. This book contains all submissions accepted for the main track, as well as the proposals for the Doctoral Consortium and extended abstracts from the Posters and Demos track. Topics covered include human-AI interaction and collaboration; learning, reasoning and planning with humans and machines in the loop; fair, ethical, responsible, and trustworthy AI; societal awareness of AI; and the role of design and compositionality of AI systems in interpretable/collaborative AI, among others. 

Providing a current overview of research and development, the book will be of interest to all those working in the field and facilitate the ongoing exchange and development of ideas across a range of disciplines.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IOS Press, 2024. s. 512
Serie
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, E-ISSN 1879-8314 ; 386
Nyckelord
Artificial intelligence, human computer nitration, social good, hybrid
Nationell ämneskategori
Data- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-68085 (URN)10.3233/FAIA386 (DOI)978-1-64368-522-9 (ISBN)
Konferens
Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Malmö, Sweden 10-14 June 2024.
Tillgänglig från: 2024-06-03 Skapad: 2024-06-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-06-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Tucker, J. (2024). If you care about AI, this is who you should vote for in the UK general election. The European Consortium for Political Research
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>If you care about AI, this is who you should vote for in the UK general election
2024 (Engelska)Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

This piece is a comparative analysis of major parties’ manifesto pledges on AI for the 2024 UK general election.

Ort, förlag, år, sidor
The European Consortium for Political Research, 2024
Nyckelord
Artificial Intelligence, United Kingdom, Elections, Manifesto, 2024, Policy
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-69541 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-07-02 Skapad: 2024-07-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-07-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Dignum, V., Casey, D., Dignum, F., Holzapfel, A., Marusic, A., Razmetaeva, Y. & Tucker, J. (2024). On the importance of AI research beyond disciplines: establishing guidelines.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On the importance of AI research beyond disciplines: establishing guidelines
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2024 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved into a prominent player in various academic disciplines, transforming research approaches and knowledge generation. This paper explores the growing influence of AI across diverse fields and advocates for meaningful interdisciplinary AI research. It introduces the concept of "agonistic-antagonistic" interdisciplinary research, emphasizing a departure from conventional bridge-building approaches. Motivated by the need to address complex societal challenges, the paper calls for novel evaluation mechanisms that prioritize societal impact over traditional academic metrics. It stresses the importance of collaboration, challenging current systems that prioritize competition and individual excellence. The paper offers guiding principles for creating collaborative and co-productive interdisciplinary AI research environments, welcoming researchers to engage in discussions and contribute to the future of interdisciplinary AI research.

Förlag
s. 11
Nyckelord
Artificial Intelligence, Interdisciplinary Research, Societal Challenges, Research Methodologies, Ethical Considerations
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi) Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67033 (URN)10.2139/ssrn.4810891 (DOI)
Anmärkning

Working paper.

Authors listed in alphabetical order; all authors contributed equally to the manuscript.

Publication date: 30 April 2024.

Tillgänglig från: 2024-05-02 Skapad: 2024-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Tucker, J. (2024). Who is Deciding the Future Role of AI in Healthcare in the Nordics?: A Research Brief. Malmö universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Who is Deciding the Future Role of AI in Healthcare in the Nordics?: A Research Brief
2024 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

The future role of AI in healthcare is largely seen as positive, inevitable, necessary, and driven by the private sector. These dominant narratives obscure decision-making about these future applications, with little room for political scrutiny, or public participation. Public, and private resources, are being funnelled to support various AI health technologies. By prioritising some and not others, we are being set on a path that will greatly impact our future health, lives, and societies. My research sheds light on these processes and provides tools to expand the scope for inclusive public participation in the debate on future role of AI in healthcare. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö universitet, 2024. s. 3
Nyckelord
AI, artificial Intelligence, healthcare, Nordic, participation, future
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap Hälsovetenskaper Data- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66615 (URN)10.31219/osf.io/jvtdu (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-04 Skapad: 2024-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). AI and the everyday political economy of global health (1ed.). In: Simon Lindgren (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence: (pp. 367-377). Edward Elgar Publishing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>AI and the everyday political economy of global health
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 1, s. 367-377Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In the last few years, we have seen an explosion in the scale and scope of AI health, a trend only exacerbated by COVID-19. Due to the uptake of AI applications in health, the global health landscape has seen significant shifts. To help understand this development and how best to achieve the potential of AI health technologies, it is necessary to critically look at the global political economy through which AI health technologies are made possible. There is a need to see this political economy as embedded in the everyday relations through which healthcare functions. The everyday level of how patients and healthcare professionals engage with AI health technology is essential to knowing how these new tools can help tackle forms of discrimination and other obstacles currently preventing universal health coverage.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023 Upplaga: 1
Nyckelord
Healthcare, Everyday, Political economy, Global, Artificial intelligence, Ownership
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63795 (URN)10.4337/9781803928562.00039 (DOI)978 1 80392 855 5 (ISBN)978 1 80392 856 2 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-21 Skapad: 2023-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Tucker, J. (2023). AI health in the nordic countries: privatisation, unmet promises, and limited participation. The european consortium for political research
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>AI health in the nordic countries: privatisation, unmet promises, and limited participation
2023 (Engelska)Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Ort, förlag, år, sidor
The european consortium for political research, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61169 (URN)
Anmärkning

The Loop- ECPR´s Political Science Blog

Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-21 Skapad: 2023-06-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-07-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Tucker, J., Jenkins, T., Søndergaard, M. L., Sanches, P., Tsaknaki, V., Campo Woytuk, N., . . . Boer, L. (2023). Fabulating Futures for Flourishing and Vibrant Worlds. In: The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference: . Paper presented at The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Fabulating Futures for Flourishing and Vibrant Worlds
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference, 2023Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This one-day workshop will explore fabulations in design research. Bringing together design researchers and practitioners in hands-on exploration and critical dialogue, we will explore emerging practices and potentials of using fabulations in futures-oriented and exploratory practice-based design research. Drawing on fabulations’ relations with feminist technoscience and more-than-human concerns, we seek to understand if and how the practice of fabulating can contribute to designing vibrant worlds that can flourish in new ways.

Nyckelord
Fabulation; futures; practice based design, feminist technoscience
Nationell ämneskategori
Design Design
Forskningsämne
Interaktionsdesign
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66865 (URN)
Konferens
The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-23 Skapad: 2024-04-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The term ‘artificial intelligence’ has arguably come to function in political discourse as, what Laclau called, an ‘empty signifier’. This article traces the shifting political discourse on AI within three key institutions of global governance–OHCHR, WHO, and UNESCO–and, in so doing, highlights the role of ‘crisis’ moments in justifying a series of pivotal re-articulations. Most important has been the attachment of AI to the narrative around digital automation in human healthcare. Greatly enabled by the societal context of the pandemic, all three institutions have moved from being critical of the unequal power relations in the economy of AI to, today, reframing themselves primarily as facilitators tasked with helping to ensure the application of AI technologies. The analysis identifies a shift in which human health and healthcare is framed as in a ‘crisis’ to which AI technology is presented as the remedy. The article argues the need to trace these discursive shifts as a means by which to understand, monitor, and where necessary also hold to account these changes in the governance of AI in society.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2023
Nyckelord
AI, Crisis, Discourse, Global governance, Health
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62518 (URN)10.1007/s00146-023-01774-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85171198964 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-13 Skapad: 2023-09-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9489-1681

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