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Farkas, J. (2023). Fake News in Metajournalistic Discourse. Journalism Studies, 24(4), 423-441
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Fake News in Metajournalistic Discourse
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 423-441Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, fake news has become central to debates about the state and future of journalism. This article examines imaginaries around fake news as a threat to democracy and the role of journalism in mitigating this threat. The study builds on 34 qualitative interviews with Danish journalists, media experts, government officials, and social media company representatives as well as 42 editorials from nine national Danish news outlets. Drawing on discourse theory and the concept of metajournalistic discourse, the analysis finds that media actors mobilise fake news to support opposing discursive positions on journalism and its relationship with falsehoods. While some voices articulate established journalism and journalistic values, such as objectivity, as the antithesis to fake news, others blame contemporary journalistic practices for potentially contributing to misinformation, calling for change and reform. These contrasts are particularly notable between the public stances of editors-in-chief, expressed through editorials, and reflections based on personal experience from news reporters and media experts. The paper concludes that fake news functions as a floating signifier in Danish metajournalistic discourse, mobilised not only to attack or defend journalism, but also to present conflicting visions for what journalism is and ought to be.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: Taylor & Francis, 2023
Nyckelord
Fake news, disinformation, misinformation, journalism, metajournalistic discourse, journalistic values, discourse theory, discourse analysis, Denmark
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58028 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2023.2167106 (DOI)000926161800001 ()2-s2.0-85147705286 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-02-04 Skapad: 2023-02-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. (2023). News on Fake News: Logics of Media Discourses on Disinformation. Journal of Language and Politics, 22(1), 1-21
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>News on Fake News: Logics of Media Discourses on Disinformation
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a qualitative study of media discourses around fake news, examining 288 news articles from two national elections in Denmark in 2019. It explores how news media construct fake news as a national security threat and how journalists articulate their own role in relation to this threat. The study draws on discourse theory and the concept of logics to critically map how particular meaning ascriptions and subject positions come to dominate over others, finding five logics undergirding media discourses: (1) a logic of anticipation; (2) a logic of exteriorisation; (3) a logic of technologisation; (4) a logic of securitisation; and (5) a logic of pre-legitimation. The article concludes that fake news is constructed as an ‘ultimate other’ in Danish media discourses, potentially contributing to blind spots in both public perception and political solutions. This resonates with previous studies from other geo-political contexts, calling for further cross-national research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2023
Nyckelord
journalism, European Parliament, election reporting, discourse theory, news, disinformation, Denmark, fake news, disinformation, misinformation
Nationell ämneskategori
Kommunikationsvetenskap Medievetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-55475 (URN)10.1075/jlp.22020.far (DOI)000922976800001 ()2-s2.0-85147651407 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-24 Skapad: 2022-10-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. (2023). This Is Not Real News: Discursive Struggles over Fake News, Journalism, and Democracy. (Doctoral dissertation). Malmö: Malmö University Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>This Is Not Real News: Discursive Struggles over Fake News, Journalism, and Democracy
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Fake news has attracted significant global attention and contestation in recent years. This PhD thesis explores the explosive and oftentimes contradictory rise of fake news and dives into the discursive struggles around journalism, politics, digital media, and liberal democracy that have emerged in its wake. Through a series of interrelated publications – spanning more than five years of research – the thesis examines how and with what consequences journalistic and political actors articulate and dispute the very meaning of fake news. Through a careful and critical mapping of the discursive signification of fake news, the thesis does not only situate the issue in wider political and historical contexts; it also draws out and reflects upon its implications for the future of liberal democracies. 

Deploying detailed empirical investigations based on news content, textual analysis, and qualitative interviews, the thesis sheds light on discursive struggles around fake news within a number of distinct socio-political contexts. It dives into cases from the US and UK, where fake news first rose to prominence in 2016, as well as from Denmark, where fake news has increasingly become a topic of journalistic and political concern. 

Drawing on the ontological and conceptual framework of discourse theory, the thesis demonstrates how fake news has come to function as a floating signifier; it is a deeply political concept mobilised within conflicting hegemonic projects with fundamentally different forms of meaning. Having done so, the thesis goes on to show that fake news has not only become central in debates around lies and falsehoods but also for conflicting visions about what ‘politics,’ ‘journalism,’ and ‘liberal democracy’ fundamentally are and ought to be. Indeed, the core argument levelled in this thesis is that fake news has come to function as a prism through which wider struggles over liberal democracy and human co-habitation have become visible at a time of growing political instability. 

Taken together, the findings offered by the thesis contribute to the field of media and communication studies by addressing a pertinent gap regarding the discursive signification of fake news. Connecting the rise of fake news to structural transformations at the heart of both contemporary media landscapes and liberal democracy, the thesis moves beyond formalistic conceptions of fake news and into the highly conflictual terrain surrounding the concept.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: Malmö University Press, 2023. s. 223
Serie
School of Arts and Communication Dissertation Series ; 8
Nyckelord
Fake news, disinformation, misinformation, journalism, democracy, digital media, discourse theory, metajournalistic discourse
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58996 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178773169 (DOI)978-91-7877-315-2 (ISBN)978-91-7877-316-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-06-02, Auditorium C, Nordenskiöldsgatan 1, 211 19, Malmö, Sweden, Malmö, 09:34 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-04-11 Skapad: 2023-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Matamoros-Fernández, A. & Farkas, J. (2021). Racism, Hate Speech, and Social Media: A Systematic Review and Critique. Television and New Media, 22(2), 205-224
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Racism, Hate Speech, and Social Media: A Systematic Review and Critique
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Television and New Media, ISSN 1527-4764, E-ISSN 1552-8316, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 205-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Departing from Jessie Daniels’s 2013 review of scholarship on race and racism online, this article maps and discusses recent developments in the study of racism and hate speech in the subfield of social media research. Systematically examining 104 articles, we address three research questions: Which geographical contexts, platforms, and methods do researchers engage with in studies of racism and hate speech on social media? To what extent does scholarship draw on critical race perspectives to interrogate how systemic racism is (re)produced on social media? What are the primary methodological and ethical challenges of the field? The article finds a lack of geographical and platform diversity, an absence of researchers’ reflexive dialogue with their object of study, and little engagement with critical race perspectives to unpack racism on social media. There is a need for more thorough interrogations of how user practices and platform politics co-shape contemporary racisms.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2021
Nyckelord
racism, hate speech, review, social media, platforms, critical race theory, whiteness
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-40307 (URN)10.1177/1527476420982230 (DOI)000612134000007 ()2-s2.0-85099845883 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-02-01 Skapad: 2021-02-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. (2020). A Case Against the Post-Truth Era: Revisiting Mouffe’s Critique of Consensus-Based Democracy. In: Melissa Zimdars and Kembrew McLeod (Ed.), Fake news: Understanding Media and Misinformation in the Digital Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A Case Against the Post-Truth Era: Revisiting Mouffe’s Critique of Consensus-Based Democracy
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Fake news: Understanding Media and Misinformation in the Digital Age / [ed] Melissa Zimdars and Kembrew McLeod, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2020
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17455 (URN)9780262538367 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-06-09 Skapad: 2020-06-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-04-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. (2020). Book Review: Digital Citizenship in a Datafied Society by Arne Hintz, Lina Dencik & Karin Wahl-Jørgensen [Review]. Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, 45(4), 503-505
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Book Review: Digital Citizenship in a Datafied Society by Arne Hintz, Lina Dencik & Karin Wahl-Jørgensen
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, ISSN 0341-2059, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 503-505Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Walter de Gruyter, 2020
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17453 (URN)10.1515/commun-2020-2086 (DOI)000589653300006 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2020-06-09 Skapad: 2020-06-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-01-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. & Neumayer, C. (2020). Mimicking News How the credibility of an established tabloid is used when disseminating racism. Nordicom Review, 41(1), 1-17
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mimicking News How the credibility of an established tabloid is used when disseminating racism
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the mimicking of tabloid news as a form of covert racism, relying on the credibility of an established tabloid newspaper. The qualitative case study focuses on a digital platform for letters to the editor, operated without editorial curation pre-publication from 2010 to 2018 by one of Denmark's largest newspapers, Ekstra Bladet. A discourse analysis of the 50 most shared letters to the editor on Facebook shows that nativist, far-right actors used the platform to disseminate fear-mongering discourses and xenophobic conspiracy theories, disguised as professional news and referred to as articles. These processes took place at the borderline of true and false as well as racist and civil discourse. At this borderline, a lack of supervision and moderation coupled with the openness and visual design of the platform facilitated new forms of covert racism between journalism and user-generated content.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
SCIENDO, 2020
Nyckelord
racism, letters to the editor, borderline discourse, digital journalism, fake news
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17320 (URN)10.2478/nor-2020-0001 (DOI)000528218400001 ()2-s2.0-85079163669 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-05-18 Skapad: 2020-05-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. & Schou, J. (2020). Post-Truth Discourses and their Limits: A Democratic Crisis? (1sted.). In: G. Terzis, D. Kloza, E. Kużelewska and D. Trottier (Ed.), Disinformation and Digital Media as a Challenge for Democracy: (pp. 103-126). Cambridge, UK: Intersentia
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Post-Truth Discourses and their Limits: A Democratic Crisis?
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Disinformation and Digital Media as a Challenge for Democracy / [ed] G. Terzis, D. Kloza, E. Kużelewska and D. Trottier, Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2020, 1st, s. 103-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2020 Upplaga: 1st
Serie
European Integration and Democracy Series
Nyckelord
Fake news, post-truth, discourse theory, disinformation, post-politics
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap Medievetenskap Kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17661 (URN)9781780689753 (ISBN)9781839700422 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-07-02 Skapad: 2020-07-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-07-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. (2019). Book Review: The Ambivalent Internet: Mischief, Oddity, and Antagonism Online by Whitney Phillips and Ryan M. Milner (ed.) [Review]. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 96(1), 317-319
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Book Review: The Ambivalent Internet: Mischief, Oddity, and Antagonism Online by Whitney Phillips and Ryan M. Milner
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, ISSN 1077-6990, E-ISSN 2161-430X, Vol. 96, nr 1, s. 317-319Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Abstract [en]

Review of The Ambivalent Internet: Mischief, Oddity, and Antagonism Online Whitney Phillips & Ryan M. Milner, . Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2017. 240 pp. $69.95 hbk. $24.95 pbk. $19.99 ebk.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2019
Nyckelord
internet research, trolling, antagonism, folklore, digital media, social media, harassment
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-648 (URN)10.1177/1077699018819432 (DOI)000459500300019 ()27237 (Lokalt ID)27237 (Arkivnummer)27237 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-04-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Farkas, J. & Neumayer, C. (2019). Disguised Propaganda from Digital to Social Media. In: Jeremy Hunsinger, Lisbeth Klastrup, Matthew M. Allen (Ed.), Jeremy Hunsinger, Lisbeth Klastrup, Matthew M. Allen (Ed.), Second International Handbook of Internet Research: (pp. 707-723). Springer
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Disguised Propaganda from Digital to Social Media
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Second International Handbook of Internet Research / [ed] Jeremy Hunsinger, Lisbeth Klastrup, Matthew M. Allen, Springer, 2019, s. 707-723Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Disguised propaganda and political deception in digital media have been studied since the early days of the World Wide Web. At the intersection of internet research and propaganda studies, this chapter explores disguised propaganda on websites and social media platforms. Based on a discussion of key concepts and terminology, this chapter outlines how new modes of deception and source obfuscation emerge in digital and social media environments, and how this development complicates existing conceptual and epistemological frameworks in propaganda studies. The chapter concludes by arguing that contemporary challenges of detecting and countering disguised propaganda can only be resolved, if social media companies are held accountable and provide the necessary support for user contestation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2019
Nyckelord
Disguised propaganda, Manipulation, Disinformation, Fake news, Deception, Social media
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16282 (URN)10.1007/978-94-024-1555-1_33 (DOI)2-s2.0-85107638911 (Scopus ID)25893 (Lokalt ID)978-94-024-1555-1 (ISBN)978-94-024-1553-7 (ISBN)978-94-024-1202-4 (ISBN)25893 (Arkivnummer)25893 (OAI)
Tillgänglig från: 2020-03-30 Skapad: 2020-03-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-19Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2272-7174

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