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Strange, M. (2024). Is everything 'AI' really AI?. Humanotions
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Is everything 'AI' really AI?
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: HumanotionsArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
Abstract [en]

Just recently Amazon announced that it will no longer use ‘no-checkout’ payment – a system where AI would supposedly monitor and tally up whatever you were removing from the shelves – because it wasn’t working as planned. What had been billed as a technological AI-fuelled revolution in retail was, supposedly, dependent on cheap human labour based in India watching security camera footage.[1] Such stories are increasingly common, functioning as urban myths that remind us of an alternate reality behind the utopian allure of techno-hype. But going beyond the question of whether AI is driven by micro-processors or underpaid agency workers, how much of what our politicians and business leaders call ‘AI’ is really AI?

Nyckelord
Artificial Intelligence, Hype, International Political Economy, Politics
Nationell ämneskategori
Globaliseringsstudier Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66936 (URN)
Projekt
Future Society and Democracy
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-26 Skapad: 2024-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. (2024). Three different types of AI hype in healthcare. AI and Ethics
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Three different types of AI hype in healthcare
2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: AI and Ethics, ISSN 2730-5953, E-ISSN 2730-5961Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Healthcare systems are the embodiment of big data – as evident in the logistics of resource management, estate maintenance, diagnoses, patient monitoring, research, etc. – such that human health is often heralded as one of the fields most likely to benefit from AI. Yet, the prevalence of hype – both positive and negative – risks undermining that potential by distracting healthcare policy makers, practitioners, and researchers from many of the non-AI factors that will determine its impact. Here we categorise AI hype in healthcare into three types that include both utopian and dystopian narratives and plot a series of more productive paths ahead by which to realise the potential of AI to improve human healthcare.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Nature, 2024
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi Elektroteknik och elektronik
Forskningsämne
Global politik; Hälsa och samhälle
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66728 (URN)10.1007/s43681-024-00465-y (DOI)
Projekt
Citizen HealthAI Politics Hub
Forskningsfinansiär
Malmö universitet
Tillgänglig från: 2024-04-12 Skapad: 2024-04-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). AI and the everyday political economy of global health (1ed.). In: Simon Lindgren (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence: (pp. 367-377). Edward Elgar Publishing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>AI and the everyday political economy of global health
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 1, s. 367-377Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In the last few years, we have seen an explosion in the scale and scope of AI health, a trend only exacerbated by COVID-19. Due to the uptake of AI applications in health, the global health landscape has seen significant shifts. To help understand this development and how best to achieve the potential of AI health technologies, it is necessary to critically look at the global political economy through which AI health technologies are made possible. There is a need to see this political economy as embedded in the everyday relations through which healthcare functions. The everyday level of how patients and healthcare professionals engage with AI health technology is essential to knowing how these new tools can help tackle forms of discrimination and other obstacles currently preventing universal health coverage.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023 Upplaga: 1
Nyckelord
Healthcare, Everyday, Political economy, Global, Artificial intelligence, Ownership
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63795 (URN)10.4337/9781803928562.00039 (DOI)978 1 80392 855 5 (ISBN)978 1 80392 856 2 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-11-21 Skapad: 2023-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-11-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. (2023). Communicating Research as a Public Discussion: The PHED Commission on the Future of Health Care Post-COVID 19. The International Journal of Health, Wellness, and Society, 13(2), 21-37
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Communicating Research as a Public Discussion: The PHED Commission on the Future of Health Care Post-COVID 19
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: The International Journal of Health, Wellness, and Society, ISSN 2156-8960, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 21-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Often phrased in terms of “societal relevance” and “societal impact,” academic researchers are increasingly expected to design projects that engage with the public and policymakers both through communicating research outputs as well as inclusion within data collection and processing. This article reports on one such engagement initiative that was, paradoxically, a response to the state of mass social isolation imposed on many in the context of the 2020 pandemic. What became known as the “PHED Commission on the Future of Health Post-COVID 19” created a virtual environment that stretched across academic and professional fields, inviting a broad range of actors to provide evidence that was archived (i.e., videoed) and published online and later turned into a written report. In discussing the “Commission,” the article highlights the lessons learned during the process, including the tensions and solutions by which to help contribute to public debates and have societal impact. While we hope that the pandemic remains an exception, we argue that it is important to see where we can benefit from the innovations developed in that moment of crisis while not ignoring the strengths of traditional research practices. Such transdisciplinary activities are, the article argues, important to knowledge that can help advance health and equity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Common Ground Publishing, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64287 (URN)10.18848/2156-8960/cgp/v13i02/21-37 (DOI)2-s2.0-85159215615 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-12 Skapad: 2023-12-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The term ‘artificial intelligence’ has arguably come to function in political discourse as, what Laclau called, an ‘empty signifier’. This article traces the shifting political discourse on AI within three key institutions of global governance–OHCHR, WHO, and UNESCO–and, in so doing, highlights the role of ‘crisis’ moments in justifying a series of pivotal re-articulations. Most important has been the attachment of AI to the narrative around digital automation in human healthcare. Greatly enabled by the societal context of the pandemic, all three institutions have moved from being critical of the unequal power relations in the economy of AI to, today, reframing themselves primarily as facilitators tasked with helping to ensure the application of AI technologies. The analysis identifies a shift in which human health and healthcare is framed as in a ‘crisis’ to which AI technology is presented as the remedy. The article argues the need to trace these discursive shifts as a means by which to understand, monitor, and where necessary also hold to account these changes in the governance of AI in society.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2023
Nyckelord
AI, Crisis, Discourse, Global governance, Health
Nationell ämneskategori
Medievetenskap Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62518 (URN)10.1007/s00146-023-01774-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85171198964 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-13 Skapad: 2023-09-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. & Askanius, T. (2023). Migrant-focused inequity, distrust and an erosion of care within Sweden’s healthcare and media discourses during COVID-19. Frontiers in Human Dynamics, 5
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Migrant-focused inequity, distrust and an erosion of care within Sweden’s healthcare and media discourses during COVID-19
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Human Dynamics, E-ISSN 2673-2726 , Vol. 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite initial suggestions that the COVID-19 pandemic affected everyone equally, it quickly became clear that some were much worse affected than others. Marginalization—including poverty, substandard accommodation, precarious or no employment, reduced access to healthcare and other key public goods—was clearly correlated with higher rates of both contagion and fatality. For Sweden, COVID-19 inequality could be seen along clear racial and socio-economic lines, with some of the first high death rates seen amongst Somali communities, where individuals had contracted the virus through unsafe employment as taxi drivers transporting wealthier Swedes home from their winter holidays. At the same time, actors on the extra parliamentarian far-right in Sweden were quick to blame the country's relatively high per-capita fatality rate on persons born outside Sweden working in the healthcare and care home sector. Media frames affirming racial stereotypes grounded in cultural racism circulated across the ecosystem of alternative media in the country. In both healthcare and the media, we see growing forms of exclusion disproportionately affecting migrants. Such intertwined exclusions in Sweden, as the article argues, are a sign of a wider disintegration of Swedish society in which individuals lose trust in both the core institutions as well as across different parts of society. Drawing on Davina Cooper's understanding of the relationship between the state and other public institutions with individuals as based on “touch,” the article explores how exclusionary practices impact this relationship. Our key argument is that, whilst ostensibly such practices often most materially hurt minority groups (e.g., migrants), they are indicative of—and accelerate—a broader disintegration of society through undermining a logic of “care” necessary to sustain social bonds.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Nyckelord
Covid19, Inequality, migrants, care, public health, media discourse
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Statsvetenskap Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER) Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62873 (URN)10.3389/fhumd.2023.1243289 (DOI)001092320100001 ()2-s2.0-85178134459 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-09-29 Skapad: 2023-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Dalingwater, L., Mangrio, E., Strange, M. & Zdravkovic, S. (2023). Policies on marginalized migrant communities during Covid-19: migration management prioritized over population health. Critical Policy Studies, 17(2), 316-336
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Policies on marginalized migrant communities during Covid-19: migration management prioritized over population health
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 316-336Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Migration management policies in many states have marginalized significant numbers of individuals on the basis of their precarious residency status, negatively impacting their health. This article looks at how three European states with high levels of contagion - France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom - adapted their migration management policies to the changed circumstances during the Covid 19 pandemic in which there was new pressure for prioritizing population health over other concerns. The analysis compares globally-recognized 'best practices' for migrant health during the pandemic with policies adopted by France, Sweden, and the UK - selected as prominent migrant-hosting states and that experienced high rates of Covid-19. The article draws on supplementary evidence through interviews with civil society organizations working directly with migrants living on the margins of society - what are termed here 'marginalized migrants' (MMs). As the article concludes, the national policies often fell below international 'best practices' such that migration management was often prioritized over population health despite the crisis. The perspective developed in this paper is important for understanding where migration control policies have been prioritized over public health.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2023
Nyckelord
Marginalized migrants, Migration management, covid 19, France, Sweden, United Kingdom, population health
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-54057 (URN)10.1080/19460171.2022.2102046 (DOI)000828963400001 ()2-s2.0-85134598485 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-02 Skapad: 2022-08-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Strange, M. (2022). Is AI creative or a Tool for Creativity?. In: Martin Thörnkvist; Reeta Hafner; Rowan Drury (Ed.), If Only the Lake Could Talk: Futures of AI for Sustainability (pp. 122-141). Malmö: MediaEvolution
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Is AI creative or a Tool for Creativity?
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: If Only the Lake Could Talk: Futures of AI for Sustainability / [ed] Martin Thörnkvist; Reeta Hafner; Rowan Drury, Malmö: MediaEvolution , 2022, s. 122-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Are these systemsonly tools for our creativity, or should they be understood as creative in their own right? Answering this question, aswill be shown, is central to whether AI aids or hinders thesustainability of our world.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: MediaEvolution, 2022
Nyckelord
Artificial Intelligence, Creativity, Politics
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Design Datorsystem
Forskningsämne
Global politik; Interaktionsdesign; Naturvetenskapernas didaktik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-64990 (URN)978-91-987389-1-9 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2024-01-15 Skapad: 2024-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Mangrio, E., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., Wahel Sebhatu, R., Strange, M. & Zdravkovic, S. (2022). Rapport #2 PHED-kommissionen för framtiden för hälso-och sjukvård efter Covid-19: allmän hälso- och sjukvård för en gemensam framtid. Baserad på offentliga seminarier som hållits mars - juni 2021. Malmö: Malmö universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rapport #2 PHED-kommissionen för framtiden för hälso-och sjukvård efter Covid-19: allmän hälso- och sjukvård för en gemensam framtid. Baserad på offentliga seminarier som hållits mars - juni 2021
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2022 (Svenska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten ger en sammanfattning av de seminarier som organiserades under våren 2021 av PHEDKommissionen för framtiden för hälso- och sjukvården efter covid-19, som bjöd in till vittnesmål från hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, tjänstemän, tankesmedjor, forskare, civilsamhället och andra intresserade parter baserat på de erfarenheter de fått och lärt sig av under pandemin. De vittnesmål som framfördes kom från många olika geografska platser och många olika nivåer, vilket gjorde dem relevanta både för Sverige och globalt. De fastställer fera centrala rekommendationer för att skydda och förbättra folkhälsan. Dessa rekommendationer både kompletterar och i hög grad utökar de rekommendationer som togs fram i den första rapporten, som var mer fokuserad på Sverige (”Ojämlikhet i samhället gör oss sårbara för pandemier”) och baserad på vittnesmål från hösten 2020, och som kan nås via: https://phed.uni.mau.se/. Den stora mängd erfarenheter som sammanfattas här går långt utöver pandemiperioden och tillhandahåller idéer och praktisk vägledning för att skydda och stärka människors hälsa så att den blir mer motståndskraftig inför framtida kriser. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2022. s. 25
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Vårdvetenskap; Urbana studier; Hälsa och samhälle; Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58838 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178773282 (DOI)978-91-7877-327-5 (ISBN)978-91-7877-328-2 (ISBN)
Projekt
PHED - Precision Health and Everyday Democracy
Forskningsfinansiär
Stiftelsen för internationalisering av högre utbildning och forskning (STINT), SG 2017-6954
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-27 Skapad: 2023-03-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Mangrio, E., Nieuwenhuijsen, K., Wahel Sebhatu, R., Strange, M. & Zdravkovic, S. (2022). Report #2 PHED commission on the future of healthcare post covid-19: universal health coverage for a real future. Based on sessions conducted from March until June 2021. Malmö: Malmö universitet
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Report #2 PHED commission on the future of healthcare post covid-19: universal health coverage for a real future. Based on sessions conducted from March until June 2021
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2022 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This report summarises the Spring 2021 sessions of the PHED Commission on the Future of Healthcare Post Covid-19, which invited testimony from healthcare practitioners, civil servants, thinktanks, researchers, civil society, and other interested parties based on their experiences learnt during the pandemic. The evidence presented came from multiple geographies and levels, making it relevant both to Sweden and globally. It identifes several key recommendations for protecting and improving public health. These recommendations supplement and greatly expand upon those identifed in the report (‘Societal inequity makes us vulnerable to pandemics’) based on testimony from Fall/Autumn 2020, which can be accessed via: https://phed.uni.mau.se/. The wealth of experience summarized here goes well beyond the pandemic period, providing ideas and practical guidance for protecting and strengthening human health to be more resilient in the face of future crises.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2022. s. 24
Nyckelord
Public health, health equity, democracy, covid
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
Vårdvetenskap; Urbana studier; Hälsa och samhälle; Global politik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-58833 (URN)10.24834/isbn.9789178773305 (DOI)978-91-7877-329-9 (ISBN)978-91-7877-330-5 (ISBN)
Projekt
PHED - Precision Health and Everyday Democracy
Forskningsfinansiär
Stiftelsen för internationalisering av högre utbildning och forskning (STINT), SG 2017-6954
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-27 Skapad: 2023-03-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-22Bibliografiskt granskad
Projekt
Papperslösa flyktingbarns rättighetsanspråk; Malmö universitetPHED - Precision Health and Everyday Democracy; Malmö universitet; Publikationer
Strange, M. (2024). Three different types of AI hype in healthcare. AI and Ethics
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2903-7267

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