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Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2024). A Paradigm Shift in Plain Sight?: AI and the Future of Healthcare in the Nordic States. Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research, 9(2), 168-179
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Paradigm Shift in Plain Sight?: AI and the Future of Healthcare in the Nordic States
2024 (English)In: Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research, ISSN 1799-4691, E-ISSN 2464-4161, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 168-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

All the Nordic states (except for Iceland at the time of analysis) have published a national artificial intelligencestrategy (NAIS) document. The NAISs provide a window through which to view a consolidated point where statesset out a socio-technical imaginary ostensibly focused on the impact of AI on the national society but, in so doing,communicate present-day value-laden assumptions. These future visions see an expansion in the scale and scope ofprivate-sector-driven AI applications in healthcare provision as inevitable, positive, and justified based on a promiseof efficiency. In so doing, the NAISs institutionalise a shift in how issues of participation, deliberation, and inclusionin health are structured in the future. The article asks what kind of ‘welfare’ the NAISs present for the Nordic regionwith respect to the governance, role, and ownership of AI healthcare. In so doing, it reveals how the NAISs providea vehicle by which to enable a paradigm shift in state–market relations that is, nonetheless, hidden from politicalscrutiny through its technological futurism

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsforlaget, 2024
Keywords
Nordic welfare, artificial intelligence, healthcare, public, private
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Computer Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-69687 (URN)10.18261/nwr.9.2.5 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-07-01 Created: 2024-07-01 Last updated: 2024-07-01Bibliographically approved
Tucker, J. & Lorig, F. (2024). Agent-based social simulations for health crises response: utilising the everyday digital health perspective. Frontiers In Public Health, 11, 1-6, Article ID 1337151.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agent-based social simulations for health crises response: utilising the everyday digital health perspective
2024 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, p. 1-6, article id 1337151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is increasing recognition of the role that artificial intelligence (AI) systems can play in managing health crises. One such approach, which allows for analysing the potential consequences of different policy interventions is agent-based social simulations (ABSS). Here, the actions and interactions of autonomous agents are modelled to generate virtual societies that can serve as a “testbed” for investigating and comparing different interventions and scenarios. This piece focuses on two key challenges of ABSS in collaborative policy interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic. These were defining valuable scenarios to simulate and the availability of appropriate data. This paper posits that drawing on the research on the “everyday” digital health perspective in designing ABSS before or during health crises, can overcome aspects of these challenges. The focus on digital health interventions reflects a rapid shift in the adoption of such technologies during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, and the new challenges this poses for policy makers. It is argued that by accounting for the everyday digital health in modelling, ABSS would be a more powerful tool in future health crisis management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2024
Keywords
agent-based social simulations, health policy, crisis, COVID-19, everyday digital health, artificial intelligence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Computer Sciences
Research subject
Health and society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-65091 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2023.1337151 (DOI)001152256900001 ()38298258 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85183829987 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-01-17 Created: 2024-01-17 Last updated: 2024-02-27Bibliographically approved
Lorig, F., Tucker, J., Dahlgren Lindström, A., Dignum, F., Murukannaiah, P., Theodorou, A. & Yolum, P. (Eds.). (2024). HHAI 2024: Hybrid Human AI Systems for the Social Good: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Paper presented at Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Malmö, Sweden 10-14 June 2024.. IOS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>HHAI 2024: Hybrid Human AI Systems for the Social Good: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence
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2024 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

 The field of hybrid human-artificial intelligence (HHAI), although primarily driven by developments in AI, also requires fundamentally new approaches and solutions. Multidisciplinary in nature, it calls for collaboration across various research domains, such as AI, HCI, the cognitive and social sciences, philosophy and ethics, and complex systems, to name but a few. 

This book presents the proceedings of HHAI 2024, the 3rd International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence, held from 10-14 June 2024 in Malmö, Sweden. The focus of HHAI 2024 was on artificially-intelligent systems that cooperate synergistically, proactively and purposefully with humans, amplifying rather than replacing human intelligence. A total of 62 submissions were received for the main track of the conference, of which 31 were accepted for presentation after a thorough double blind review process. These comprised 9 full papers, 5 blue sky papers, and 17 working papers, making the final acceptance rate for full papers 29%. Acceptance rate across all tracks of the main program was 50%. This book contains all submissions accepted for the main track, as well as the proposals for the Doctoral Consortium and extended abstracts from the Posters and Demos track. Topics covered include human-AI interaction and collaboration; learning, reasoning and planning with humans and machines in the loop; fair, ethical, responsible, and trustworthy AI; societal awareness of AI; and the role of design and compositionality of AI systems in interpretable/collaborative AI, among others. 

Providing a current overview of research and development, the book will be of interest to all those working in the field and facilitate the ongoing exchange and development of ideas across a range of disciplines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2024. p. 512
Series
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, E-ISSN 1879-8314 ; 386
Keywords
Artificial intelligence, human computer nitration, social good, hybrid
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-68085 (URN)10.3233/FAIA386 (DOI)978-1-64368-522-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Third International Conference on Hybrid Human-Artificial Intelligence. Malmö, Sweden 10-14 June 2024.
Available from: 2024-06-03 Created: 2024-06-03 Last updated: 2024-06-10Bibliographically approved
Tucker, J. (2024). If you care about AI, this is who you should vote for in the UK general election. The European Consortium for Political Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>If you care about AI, this is who you should vote for in the UK general election
2024 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This piece is a comparative analysis of major parties’ manifesto pledges on AI for the 2024 UK general election.

Place, publisher, year, pages
The European Consortium for Political Research, 2024
Keywords
Artificial Intelligence, United Kingdom, Elections, Manifesto, 2024, Policy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-69541 (URN)
Available from: 2024-07-02 Created: 2024-07-02 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved
Dignum, V., Casey, D., Dignum, F., Holzapfel, A., Marusic, A., Razmetaeva, Y. & Tucker, J. (2024). On the importance of AI research beyond disciplines: establishing guidelines.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the importance of AI research beyond disciplines: establishing guidelines
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2024 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved into a prominent player in various academic disciplines, transforming research approaches and knowledge generation. This paper explores the growing influence of AI across diverse fields and advocates for meaningful interdisciplinary AI research. It introduces the concept of "agonistic-antagonistic" interdisciplinary research, emphasizing a departure from conventional bridge-building approaches. Motivated by the need to address complex societal challenges, the paper calls for novel evaluation mechanisms that prioritize societal impact over traditional academic metrics. It stresses the importance of collaboration, challenging current systems that prioritize competition and individual excellence. The paper offers guiding principles for creating collaborative and co-productive interdisciplinary AI research environments, welcoming researchers to engage in discussions and contribute to the future of interdisciplinary AI research.

Publisher
p. 11
Keywords
Artificial Intelligence, Interdisciplinary Research, Societal Challenges, Research Methodologies, Ethical Considerations
National Category
Computer Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-67033 (URN)10.2139/ssrn.4810891 (DOI)
Note

Working paper.

Authors listed in alphabetical order; all authors contributed equally to the manuscript.

Publication date: 30 April 2024.

Available from: 2024-05-02 Created: 2024-05-02 Last updated: 2024-05-03Bibliographically approved
Tucker, J. (2024). Who is Deciding the Future Role of AI in Healthcare in the Nordics?: A Research Brief. Malmö universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who is Deciding the Future Role of AI in Healthcare in the Nordics?: A Research Brief
2024 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The future role of AI in healthcare is largely seen as positive, inevitable, necessary, and driven by the private sector. These dominant narratives obscure decision-making about these future applications, with little room for political scrutiny, or public participation. Public, and private resources, are being funnelled to support various AI health technologies. By prioritising some and not others, we are being set on a path that will greatly impact our future health, lives, and societies. My research sheds light on these processes and provides tools to expand the scope for inclusive public participation in the debate on future role of AI in healthcare. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet, 2024. p. 3
Keywords
AI, artificial Intelligence, healthcare, Nordic, participation, future
National Category
Political Science Health Sciences Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66615 (URN)10.31219/osf.io/jvtdu (DOI)
Available from: 2024-04-04 Created: 2024-04-04 Last updated: 2024-04-11Bibliographically approved
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). AI and the everyday political economy of global health (1ed.). In: Simon Lindgren (Ed.), Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence: (pp. 367-377). Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>AI and the everyday political economy of global health
2023 (English)In: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 1, p. 367-377Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the last few years, we have seen an explosion in the scale and scope of AI health, a trend only exacerbated by COVID-19. Due to the uptake of AI applications in health, the global health landscape has seen significant shifts. To help understand this development and how best to achieve the potential of AI health technologies, it is necessary to critically look at the global political economy through which AI health technologies are made possible. There is a need to see this political economy as embedded in the everyday relations through which healthcare functions. The everyday level of how patients and healthcare professionals engage with AI health technology is essential to knowing how these new tools can help tackle forms of discrimination and other obstacles currently preventing universal health coverage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023 Edition: 1
Keywords
Healthcare, Everyday, Political economy, Global, Artificial intelligence, Ownership
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-63795 (URN)10.4337/9781803928562.00039 (DOI)978 1 80392 855 5 (ISBN)978 1 80392 856 2 (ISBN)
Funder
Wallenberg AI, Autonomous Systems and Software Program (WASP)
Available from: 2023-11-21 Created: 2023-11-21 Last updated: 2023-11-23Bibliographically approved
Tucker, J. (2023). AI health in the nordic countries: privatisation, unmet promises, and limited participation. The european consortium for political research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>AI health in the nordic countries: privatisation, unmet promises, and limited participation
2023 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
The european consortium for political research, 2023
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61169 (URN)
Note

The Loop- ECPR´s Political Science Blog

Available from: 2023-06-21 Created: 2023-06-21 Last updated: 2023-07-03Bibliographically approved
Tucker, J., Jenkins, T., Søndergaard, M. L., Sanches, P., Tsaknaki, V., Campo Woytuk, N., . . . Boer, L. (2023). Fabulating Futures for Flourishing and Vibrant Worlds. In: The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference: . Paper presented at The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fabulating Futures for Flourishing and Vibrant Worlds
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2023 (English)In: The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference, 2023Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This one-day workshop will explore fabulations in design research. Bringing together design researchers and practitioners in hands-on exploration and critical dialogue, we will explore emerging practices and potentials of using fabulations in futures-oriented and exploratory practice-based design research. Drawing on fabulations’ relations with feminist technoscience and more-than-human concerns, we seek to understand if and how the practice of fabulating can contribute to designing vibrant worlds that can flourish in new ways.

Keywords
Fabulation; futures; practice based design, feminist technoscience
National Category
Design Design
Research subject
Interaktionsdesign
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-66865 (URN)
Conference
The 10th Nordic Design Research Society (Nordes) Conference
Available from: 2024-04-23 Created: 2024-04-23 Last updated: 2024-04-25Bibliographically approved
Strange, M. & Tucker, J. (2023). Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global governance and the normalization of artificial intelligence as ‘good’ for human health
2023 (English)In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The term ‘artificial intelligence’ has arguably come to function in political discourse as, what Laclau called, an ‘empty signifier’. This article traces the shifting political discourse on AI within three key institutions of global governance–OHCHR, WHO, and UNESCO–and, in so doing, highlights the role of ‘crisis’ moments in justifying a series of pivotal re-articulations. Most important has been the attachment of AI to the narrative around digital automation in human healthcare. Greatly enabled by the societal context of the pandemic, all three institutions have moved from being critical of the unequal power relations in the economy of AI to, today, reframing themselves primarily as facilitators tasked with helping to ensure the application of AI technologies. The analysis identifies a shift in which human health and healthcare is framed as in a ‘crisis’ to which AI technology is presented as the remedy. The article argues the need to trace these discursive shifts as a means by which to understand, monitor, and where necessary also hold to account these changes in the governance of AI in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Keywords
AI, Crisis, Discourse, Global governance, Health
National Category
Media Studies Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Communication Studies
Research subject
Global politics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-62518 (URN)10.1007/s00146-023-01774-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85171198964 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2023-10-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9489-1681

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