Malmö University Publications
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  • Tubic, Borna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Von Jutrzenka, Sophia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Is Fast Fashion out of Fashion?: A case study on the H&M Group´s sustainability practices and its influence on the consumer behaviour2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fast fashion industry is valued as one of the largest industries globally, with its enormous production significantly contributing to environmental injustice. This study investigates the role of fast fashion organisations in addressing consumer demands for sustainability, focusing on the H&M Group as a case study. Despite the organisational efforts towards sustainable practices, consumers require more honesty and transparency in the way fast fashion organisations communicate their actions.The study begins with an introduction to the environmental impact of the fashion industry and the research problem, followed by introducing the H&M Group as a single case study. The literature review is used to provide an overview of existing research and contextual information followed by a conceptual framework incorporating CSR, the triple bottom line, the concept of sustainability, and corporate sustainability. The study draws on the social constructivist methodology with an abductive approach, utilising both quantitative and qualitative data.This research uses the H&M Group’s sustainability reports from 2020 to 2022, analysing how the organisation communicates and constructs its sustainability practices. Additionally, a survey was conducted to capture consumer perspectives on the sustainability efforts of fast fashion organisations.The case study is further detailed before describing the methods of data collection and analysis, including discourse and thematic analysis. The data sets, comprising H&M Group’s sustainability reports and the survey results, are furthermore presented. The findings reveal a significant paradox and complexity for both consumers and organisations. Consumers distrust fashion organisations’ sustainability claims yet continue to purchase low-cost products. The fast fashion industry faces the challenging task of balancing profitability with genuine sustainability, while mainly highlighting possible future actions.

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  • Daugaard, Ida Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    The Struggle to Define Social Reality: A Case Study on the Academic and Political Debate on UAVs2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis attempts to illustrate how texts engage in a struggle to define social reality. The academic and political debate on the drone provides a case study illustrating pro-drone, anti-drone and drone-deconstructivist text´s attempt to define social reality around the drone. Through this exploration the thesis contests the positivist notion that reality is fixed and can be discovered. The thesis utilizes IR poststructuralism as a theoretical guideline and engages with a range of poststructuralist concepts and sub-theories identified in previous research. Methodologically, the thesis conducts a qualitative content analysis on three journal articles, two speeches and two chapters of a report. Moreover, the thesis conducts a discourse analysis to contextualize findings and provide in-depth analysis of examples. The thesis presents and analyzes findings in accordance with the categories identified in coding, highlights an example through discourse analysis and links findings to the research question concerned with texts struggle to define social reality. The thesis concludes by arguing that the drone-debate is a “battlespace” for defining social reality, thus contesting the positivist notion that social reality is fixed.

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  • Berg Fredes, Futuro Vincent
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Deconstructing Border Policies: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the EU's Border Externalization to the North African Region, and its Implications for Migration and international Relations2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: This thesis is a critical examination of the European Union's border externalization strategies towards North African countries, with a focus on their discursive and practical implications from the year 2019 to 2024. Utilising Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Post-Colonial theory, this study explores how public discourses by EU leaders shape perceptions of migrants and international relations, highlighting the endurance of colonial legacies. By analyzing recent public speeches and interviews, the thesis investigates the complex interaction between language, power, and policy, disclosing how modern practices of border management perpetuate historical patterns of dominance and exclusion. Through a detailed examination of a selection of EU actors’ speeches, this study argues that in spite of claims of mutual benefit, externalization policies often reinforce unequal power dynamics, and discriminatory perceptions of migrants and North Africans and contribute to a securitized and exclusionary approach to migration. The findings challenge the effectiveness of border externalization, suggesting a reassessment of policies due to their detrimental social and political impacts.  

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  • Maripuu, Kaia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Intersecting Factors Shaping the Experiences of Paraguayan Migrant Women in Greater La Plata, Argentina: An Intersectional Feminist Analysis Amidst Socio-Economic Uncertainties2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the experiences of Paraguayan migrant women in Greater La Plata, Argentina, from the Intersectional Feminist Theory. Through in-depth interviews with nine Paraguayan migrant women, this study analyses how the intersecting factors influence and shape the realities of these women. The analysed factors are gender dynamics, economic vulnerability, low levels of education, precarious employments, dependence on social assistance, linguistic discrimination and xenophobia. Furthermore, considering the unique socioeconomic uncertainties that occurred in Argentina at the time of the interviews and the already vulnerable position the Paraguayan migrant women find themselves in, this paper also analyses their adaptation strategies. This study thus contributes to the field by providing a holistic perspective of the multilayered factors that contribute to the discrimination, oppression and marginalization of Paraguayan migrant women in Argentina.

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  • Larson, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Lilje, Marcus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Representationsformer för tal i bråkform i matematikläromedel2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att, genom en läromedelsanalys, synliggöra likheter och skillnader i mängden representationsformer inom tal i bråkform i basläromedel för matematik. Syftet är även att ta reda på om det finns en progression av abstraktionsnivå utifrån årskurser i läromedlen. Genom studiens urval valdes tre vanliga basläromedel ut och avgränsningar gjordes för att fokusera på uppgifter som berör tal i bråkform. Studien har utgått från Heddens teori och med hjälp av kvantitativa metoder samt innehållsanalys har uppgifter från läromedlen kodats utifrån kategorierna semikonkreta, semiabstrakta eller abstrakta representationsformer. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av uppgifterna har abstrakta representationsformer och att semikonkreta representationsformer är underrepresenterade i samtliga läromedel i denna studie. Två av tre läromedel följer en progression med minst abstrakta representationsformer i årskurs 4 och mest i årskurs 6. Resultatet är relevant för professionen, eftersom det visar på vikten av ett kritiskt förhållningssätt till val av läromedel samt att lärare behöver vara uppmärksamma på vilka representationsformer som elever möter.

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  • Abdulqader, ayat
    Studiebesökets betydelse i fysik”    2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Klintberg, Josefiné
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The Upside-Down Periscope: Promoting Ocean Literacy in Malmö’s Southern Wharf Basin2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although, Oceans are a fundamental part of our survival, covering 70% of our planet and producing 50% of our oxygen, public awareness of marine ecosystems and their functions remain very low. In United Nations list Life below water as one of their 17 development goals in the world, highlighting the need for raising Ocean Literacy. Recently in the Southern Wharf Basin in Malmö restoration has been done to shallowing the sea floor and invite nature back into the city. However, there lacks public knowledge about the restoration.  This thesis explores how Interaction Design can help bridge the knowledge gap by developing an interactive tool to enhance Ocean Literacy. The project adopts Research through Design as a methodology documenting the iterative phases of prototyping. The approach of combining tangible interaction with learning more about the unseen world of the Southern Wharf Basin sets the stage for new insights on how we engage with and learn about marine ecosystems. Strategically placed at the Basin, the periscope allows the local community to interact directly with the site where the restoration occurs. The findings of this study indicate that the interactive Upside-Down periscope manages to spark people's curiosity about the marine environment in the area.

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  • Avisey, Constance
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Hassan, Naima
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 2 i det dagliga livet: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is a chronic disease with prevalence increasing every year. The disease contributes to a major public health problem. Lifestyle changes and self-care are of major importance in the management of type 2 diabetes. To ensure that the person receives good care and treatment, it is important to explore the person's experience with type 2 diabetes in everyday life. In this way nurses will be able to provide care based on the unique individual's needs. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to highlight persons’ experiences of living with type 2 diabetes in a daily life. Method: A literature study which is based on a compilation of 12 scientific primary articles with a qualitative approach. Articles were obtained through a structured search in the databases Cinahl and Pubmed. The articles were reviewed using a review template designed for qualitative studies and analyzed through qualitative content analysis. Results: Three main categories and 9 subcategories were identified. The categories were: emotional reactions, experiences of lifestyle changes and experiences of support. The subcategories were: experiences of anxiety and fear, experiences of stress and psychological impact, experiences of dietary changes, experiences of physical activity, experiences of medication and blood sugar measurements, challenge due to complications, the importance of family support, experiences of meetings with healthcare and society’s attitude. Conclusion: Persons with type 2 diabetes experienced varying degrees of challenges in their daily life. Challenges associated with the new way of life with regard to the cultural aspects. It appeared that the person's knowledge and access to information about type 2 diabetes is an important factor in adherence to treatment and self-care. Through person-centered care and individually adapted information, compliance can be improved. In order to promote person-centered care in persons with type 2 diabetes, knowledge and understanding of their everyday life is required.

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  • Bengtsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Hesslegård, Linn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    “Ett ljus i tunneln, att ha nån sorts planhärifrån”: En kvalitativ studie om individer med ohälsa som byter karriär mitt i livet2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One in three employees in Sweden experiences work-related health problems due to stress, high workload etc. This can result in ill health with problems such as anxiety and sleep problems. An increasing number of adults are changing careers due to these circumstances. This study examines which factors can impact a decision of changing careers, how the decision-making process is carried out and how a midlife career change can affect the individual’s well-being for the better. The study was based on aqualitative method with seven respondents, who had all made a career change. The study aims to answer the following questions:- Which influencing factors can lead to a career change?- What does the process of decision-making within career change look like for individuals experiencing ill health?- Can a career-change result in a better well-being, health and self-esteem?The following theories have been applied in the study: Hodkinson and Sparkes Careership theory, Albert Bandura's Theory of Self-efficacy and Work-life balance. The results of the study show that the main factors leading to a career change are mental health issues, stress and general well-being. Other common factors have been the desire to find a more meaningful job and achieve better balance in life. The result of the study also shows that the decision-making process for individuals with ill health changing careers can vary, where some underwent voluntarily and others involuntarily breaking points. The result also shows that individuals often make choices based on their action-horizon and well-known fields, but that logic, reason and emotions all come to play when changing careers. In the result it has emerged that support from relatives such as family and friends has been a significant part, but also that study and career-counselors had an important part. In terms of well-being, health and self-esteem, the results show that all respondents experience an improved overall-health after their career change. 

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  • Ekstedt, Johan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Under the hood of the European Union Agency for Asylum: A study of bureaucratic structures, institutional arrangements and frontline caseworkers2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Those who study the Common European Asylum System are faced with a puzzling paradox. On the one hand, the system constitutes one of the most comprehensive and judicious protection regimes that the world has ever seen. On the other hand, there is a policy of deterrence in which asylum seekers are actively hindered from enjoying these rights. Living conditions for asylum seekers at the external borders have long been abhorrent, and many consider procedural safeguards in the asylum process inadequate. This study takes an in-depth look at what it is like to work at the forefront of this system by analysing the bureaucratic structures of the European Union Agency for Asylum. It is shown that the discrepancy between officially articulated values and actual practice has significant negative impact on the morale of caseworkers, and that they need to develop strategies to deal with the ethical dilemmas that arise from these discrepancies. The study also sheds light on the process through which the agency creates bureaucratic instruments, in spite of the considerable political turmoil that characterises the migration field. By interviewing caseworkers, analysing bureaucratic instruments, and reviewing the legislative framework, this thesis is both an empirical and theoretical contribution to the study of the Common European Asylum System and the European Union Agency for Asylum.

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  • Capin, Manuela
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Diesfeldt, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    En jämförelse mellan London och Stockholms UHI- och klimatanpassningsåtgärder: En kvalitativ undersökning om åtgärder för att möta värmerelaterade problem i städer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to map the urban heat island [UHI] and climate adaptation measures that London and Stockholm are implementing to reduce the UHI effect. London experiences a higher UHI effect, and therefore are more advanced in their work in contrast to Stockholm. The study employed a semi-qualitative content analysis, in addition with three government documents from each city which were analysed through coding. The measures found were categorised according to type of measure (eight different categories) and level of measure (planned, ongoing or implemented). The results showed that London has a more comprehensive and proactive approach to tackling UHI than Stockholm, through raising budgets and investments for their various actions, larger projects, and projects that cover more areas than Stockholm. Stockholm can utilise the development of London's UHI and climate adaptation work to better fix their issue. Although Stockholm has more measures, these are not as extensive and developed compared to London, which has larger projects, programmes and policies, in addition with more active measures being implemented in London. From the analysis it was evident that attitudes differ between Stockholm and London. Stockholm needs to understand the seriousness and should accelerate its work by putting more resources and collaborating with stakeholders to ensure that projects are fulfilled and maintained.  

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  • Pamina, Videll Jönsson
    “HE SHOULD GET A MEDAL, NOT BE CHARGED!” SUPPORT FOR VIGILANTISM:: (a critical discourse study of the comments left on YouTube videos depicting extra-legal violence)2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to use critical discourse analysis to discern how support for vigilante acts is justified, legitimized, and constructed. By analyzing 1000 comments left on YouTube videos depicting violent vigilante acts, this study looks to create a discourse of the acts, their context, and the actors involved. The videos depict individuals taking the law into their own hands as they react to a crime, theft. Both videos end in the death of the criminal. One video takes place in the U.S. and one in the U.K. Previous research has focused on distrust of police and the justice system, to understand why citizens resort to vigilantism. With discussions on fear of crime and community justice. This study shows similar sentiments to previous research. The comments describe a discourse of society as declining, and crime perceived as increasing. The commentators create a sense of belonging and identify with the vigilante as an ‘insider’ whilst the ‘criminal’ is dehumanized and described as the ‘outsider’, and the criminal justice system is constructed as dysfunctional/illegitimate. This discourse leads the participants to see the act of the vigilante as honorable and necessary, as it’s perceived as the only way to get justice. Rights (such as due process) are pictured as something that is earned, and the criminal forfeited these rights when the decision was made to commit a crime. This points to what is described as the problem with a ‘strong state’ and how it might encourage vigilantism. This study adds to previous research by painting a full-picture critical discourse of support for vigilantism whilst also exploring how societal power dynamics play a role in its construction. 

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  • Pettersson, Ida
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Godenhielm, Michaela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Relationer i fastighetsmäklarbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om skapande och vårdanade av kundrelationer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The real estate transaction is often described as the biggest deal in life, which makes trust in the real estate agent and a sense of increased security crucial for the customer. The competitiveness in the real estate industy makes it costly and energy-consuming for agents to create new customer relationships. The customer's need for trust and security and the agent's difficulty in creating new customer relationships have resulted in the relationship becoming important for both the customer and the real estate agent. The study therefore examines methods used by real estate agents to create and nurture relationships with customers. 

    The research has been conducted through qualitative interviews with representatives from four different real estate agencies. The study is based on theories of relationship building and nurturing existing relationships. The final discussion indicates that real estate agents place equal importance on nurturing existing relationships as they do on creating new ones. To achieve this, real estate agents put a lot of effort into their customer relationships in order to ensure a high level of customer satisfaction and generate positive recommendations. 

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  • Persson Hagström, Hjalmar
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Meinert, Magnus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Himmelsk lojalitet?: En fallstudie av SAS EuroBonus inverkan på frekventa resenärer2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Airlines face the challenge of designing loyalty programs in a market where nearly all competitors are doing same things to retain customers. This challenge is exacerbated by an economic climate where airlines need to balance cost reductions with offering attractive benefits to customers. With this in mind, this case study aims to analyze how an airline's loyalty program affects the loyalty of frequent travelers when choosing airlines, as well as which benefits travelers value the most. The aim of the study was investigated through a survey and interviews. The study specifically focuses on the airline Scandinavian Airlines' loyalty program EuroBonus and which benefits their frequent travelers prioritize. Conclusions drawn indicate that EuroBonus reinforces respondents' loyalty to SAS and that benefits are both appreciated and influence the choice of airline. However, factors such as price and availability can affect airline choice. To increase loyalty, SAS should differentiate benefit management based on members' needs. Furthermore, open communication and transparency are crucial. Concrete suggestions such as increasing available seats for bonus trips and focusing on social benefits can enhance loyalty. Future research could explore how different benefits affect different customer segments to optimize the effectiveness of loyalty programs and better understand customer needs.

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  • Mårtensson, Elin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Partnerships and Crime Prevention: A Scoping Review2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Partnerships within crime prevention have been considered an efficient approach in reducing crime rates. However, there is not enough information on how the partnerships are structured. This study aims to research what different partnerships are used in crime preventative work, who are involved and the main targets of intervention. The purpose of the study is also to draw conclusions of which motivations are behind the implementation and how the term ‘partnership’ is generally conceptualized. This will be examined through a scoping review followed by an analysis of the identified variables connected to the research questions. The findings of the study show that there are a large variety of working in partnership with various actors, but mainly the Police and Local authorities. The community and non-governmental organizations also contribute to the preventative work, creating school-based and community-based strategies to reduce crime. Based on the results it is noticed that the common targets of partnership approaches are focused on either social or situational prevention. There is a wide range of crimes, such as violent crime, drug-related crimes or social and/or physical disorder. The partnerships’ focus is directed towards either the individual or the overall community. The results indicate that the topic of ‘partnership’ definition or its conceptualization are not often mentioned, instead motivations for the implementation of partnerships are more prominent. By working in partnerships, it will contribute to a stronger tie between communities and actors. And with the correct methods applied, such as better information- sharing and regular meetings, the efficiency of partnerships will fortify.

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  • Lachmann, Stella
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Horbul, Lisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    How do Gender Equity Policies Relate to an Organizational Culture of Gender Equity?: A Qualitative Study on German Corporations2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Regulatory frameworks, such as gender quotas, have emerged as crucial tools in promoting gender equity within organizations. This paper investigates the interplay between gender equity policies and organizational culture in German companies. Drawing on a legislative landscape that includes the 2015 German law mandating a quota of at least 30 % women on supervisory boards, this study employs qualitative semi-structured interviews to explore the relationship between gender quotas and organizational culture. Findings reveal a nuanced landscape where organizational values and artifacts reflect both progressive and conservative influences. While initiatives like dual leadership models show promise, traditional gender roles remain and are reflected in organizational processes.

     

    Despite the positive impact of gender quotas in driving change, concerns about tokenism and pressure on women persist. The study underscores the need for consistent policies and a fundamental shift in organizational culture to achieve genuine gender equity. Moreover, it identifies avenues for future research, including the exploration of industry-specific variations in gender equity relevance and the long-term effects of regulatory frameworks on organizational dynamics.

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  • Denis, Anastasia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    The impact of school involvement and deterrence in adolescents who commit thefts2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Stokic, Tamara
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Strelschenko Cuevas, Jules
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Role of Hiring Managers in regard to Inclusion in the Workplace: A Case Study of an SMB Multinational Organization in the Cybersecurity Sector2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how hiring managers promote inclusion in the cybersecurity sector. Conducted as a case study in a small to medium-sized multinational cybersecurity company, the research involved qualitative methods and semi-structured interviews. Findings reveal that hiring managers use strategies like unbiased recruitment, customized onboarding, team collaboration, trainings, and regular one-on-one meetings to foster inclusion. However, they face challenges such as a limited talent pool, budget constraints, cultural and language barriers, resistance to inclusion efforts, the impact of remote work, and a lack of formal tools and metrics. The study highlights the complex role of hiring managers in achieving workplace inclusion and suggests integrating sustainability and sustainable human resources practices to enhance inclusion efforts. Further research is recommended on the long-term effects of these initiatives, the intersectionality of identity groups, and the impact of emerging technologies and remote work on inclusion.

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  • Jóhönnudóttir, Stefanía Sigurdís
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Women’s Rights Advocacy Within a Religious Context; the Case of Musawah: A Qualitative Research Study on how the Advocacy and Navigational Strategies of the Global Women’s Rights Movement Musawah are Informed by Cultural Relativism and Universalism2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s rights advocacy is as multifaceted and as intricate as women’s position in society. Their fundamental human rights are frequently challenged in the name of religion and culture. In this paper I explore how women’s rights advocates are seeking to find footing between endorsing sovereignty and religious rights within today’s multicultural societies within the theories of universalism and cultural relativism. For many, it is out of the question to separate religious- and women’s rights, therefore navigating between the two, and hence, the two theoretical standpoints become a fundamental principle for those who work within that space. Through qualitative semi-structured interviews, this thesis analyses the main navigational strategies and negotiations of the global movement Musawah to further explore the tensions of the two theories and ways in which to work within them. Musawah is a global movement for justice and peace initiated by the Malaysian based organization Sisters in Islam (SIS). It aims to promote an egalitarian Islam, with a focus on women’s rights within the Global South, by reforming Muslim family law and advocating for Islamic feminist voices. This research paper identifies the challenges and navigational strategies of Musawah’s advocacy within both a Muslim and non- Muslim context. It also aims to pinpoint the theories’ main influence within the challenges and strategies of Musawah’s work. I conclude that their advocacy is influenced by both theories as their knowledge-building is founded on a universalist standpoint, and its distribution is based on a cultural relativist stance.

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  • Smith, Fanny
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Westerlund, Frida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Läsförståelsestrategier i undervisningen i årskurs 1-32024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to reach profound knowledge about reading comprehension strategies that teachers in grade 1–3 use in their reading instruction classes. The relevance of the study is motivated due to Swedish students’ declining results at the latest PISA examination and the lack of Swedish studies regarding grade 1–3. With the qualitative research methods, observations and interviews, the study examines which reading comprehension strategies teachers use in their classroom and how they use them. Through a thematic analysis, two main themes are identified with three sub-themes respectively. The results are then analyzed through sociocultural theory. It is concluded that students should be able to interact with each other during reading comprehension strategy instruction and teachers should be more explicit. Reciprocal teaching of strategies can be implemented among younger students, although summarizing and questioning is more difficult. Note-taking strategy instruction could be implemented in grade 3. Concretization of strategies by the use of characters is favourable for younger students, although teachers must be aware of the risks. Concretization by the use of hand placements and movements should be implemented with younger students.Nyckelord:

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  • Wennström, Elin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Är kommunal klimatanpassning inkluderande?: En fallstudie av kommunal klimatanpassning ur ett funktionshinderperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is disrupting vital human rights, with marginalized groups bearing the brunt. For the marginalized group of people with disabilities, the challenges are even more pronounced. Therefore, this case study investigates the integration or potential competition between a disability perspective and climate adaptation efforts in municipal planning, focusing on Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö in Sweden. The aim being to assess the inclusivity of climate adaptation initiatives in Swedish municipalities. The study establishes a theoretical framework encompassing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the social model of disability, and intersectionality. It identifies crucial aspects within climate adaptation and disability rights, emphasizing the importance of an ecological and social sustainability perspective, adaptive versus mitigative adaptation strategies, and the political underpinnings of effective adaptation measures. By conducting a content analysis over municipal comprehensive plans and an additional smallscale survey, the outcome reveals disparities in integrating accessibility measures within municipal plans, hindering the participation and well-being of individuals with disabilities. While municipalities strive for incorporation of accessibility measures, the efforts fall short, leading to exclusionary outcomes. Insufficient communication and engagement from municipal authorities exacerbate these short-comings, highlighting the need for enhanced measures and clearer communication channels between municipalities and citizens to achieve equitable and inclusive climate adaptation. Despite similar geographic and climate-related conditions, municipalities exhibit variations in their ability to integrate disability perspectives effectively - the study exposes both progress and shortcomings in climate adaptation efforts across the municipalities, emphasizing the underrepresentation of disability perspectives. This resulted in a pin-pointed necessity for municipalities to intensify efforts to comprehensively integrate disability perspectives into climate adaptation strategies to ensure inclusivity and equity in Swedish municipalities. Further research is recommended to broaden the understanding of a disability perspective in climate change adaptation and to further clarify if adaptation initiatives are inclusive and just.

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  • Winiarska, Weronika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Education for Sustainable Development in Foreign Language Learning in Poland2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Aspington, Caroline
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Shekh Mohamed, Idil
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Responses to the Abolition of the Swedish Feminist Foreign Policy: Insights from document analysis and interviews with Swedish civil society organisations2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study uncovers the reactions and responses of Swedish civil society organisations to the abolition of the Swedish feminist foreign policy. Sweden, a pioneer in 2014 as the first country to develop and adopt a feminist foreign policy, took a surprising turn in 2022 by becoming the first to abolish it. Through qualitative methods of document analysis and key informant interviews, this study aims to understand how these crucial foreign affairs actors responded to this policy shift. The findings reveal deep-seated disappointment and concern about the negative development of Sweden’s foreign affairs, as the government dismantled Sweden’s gender equality commitments without offering new, measurable strategies. By engaging with feminist international relations theory, the results illuminate potential regression in global gender equality achievements, human rights, and democratic values as the government severs dialogical and financial ties with civil society.

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  • Starr, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Journalistic practices and reporting on post-coup Myanmar: How news is reported in a modern dictatorship2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    This paper is a study of the journalistic practices currently involved in reporting on Myanmar since the 2021 military coup. Research was undertaken to get an understanding of what methods and to what extent journalists continue to publish quality, balanced reports in a context where independent press faces severe repression by authorities. Through a series of in-depth interviews with individuals working in the Myanmar media field, a collection of experiences and voices were gathered to understand the current journalistic playing field. A textual analysis was performed on themes reported on by a select group of media outlets which are currently operating in exile. Research findings were applied to a loose theoretical framework that comes under the ‘communication for development’ umbrella. Specifically, theories on particular features of globalisation, media for development and humanitarian journalism were examined and applied to as great an extent as possible. This paper finds that journalists reporting on Myanmar offer valuable experience, strategies and lessons learned in reporting remotely, as well as insights into current and impending challenges they are required to surmount in order to continue to produce quality news in a highly polarised context. 

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  • Stark, Dmitry
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Exploring the Impact: Western Social Media Ban in Russia.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In 2022 the conflict between Russia and Ukraine led Facebook to encourage a rise of hate speech and use of violence against Russian people. This led the Russian government to take measures and ban the use of western social media such as Facebook and Instagram in Russia and proclaim the Meta organization as an extremist organization. The ban caused various reactions which consequently led to a divergence in responses and opinions. Furthermore, the situation raises the question if the ban of western social media platforms is affecting Russian ICTs users' perception and political opinion.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to examine how the ban of western social media giants in Russia (Facebook, Instagram) affect Russian ICTs users’ attitude in the context of “critical citizen” or regime supporter. Also, the reasons why some Russians avoid western ICTs ban by using VPN and how some Russians experience ICTs censorship. A theoretical framework has been developed for the purpose to identify the different factors which might possibly lead to the emergence of “critical citizen” or pro-government citizen.

    Methodology: Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect empirical data and fulfill the purpose of the thesis.

    Conclusion and contribution: The empirical data shows that the ban of Western ICTs (Facebook, Instagram) in Russia did not negatively affect ICTs users’ attitude toward Russian government nor encouraged an emergence of “critical citizen” rather in most cases raise an understanding and support of the ban even among those who still using Facebook and Instagram. 

    Findings show that VPN usage in most cases correlated with habits of preferences rather than a seeking of western political information. Furthermore, the user's perception on Facebook and Instagram censorship is more neutral/negative in context of general restriction and neutral/positive in context of Western influence resistance.

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  • Skjetne, Majlin Erica
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Community resistance to solar farms in rural Spain:: A Case Study of the No se Vende groups in Aragón2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I critically analyse two grassroots organisations in rural Aragón (Spain) that oppose renewable energy projects proposed for their communities. Named after their respective regions, the groups La Fueva no se Vende and La Ribagorza no se Vende demand that those in power consider the impacts on rural communities, the natural environment and tourism before installing solar farms. The groups argue that the green projects focus too much on creating profit for a few large companies, rather than creating truly sustainable systems. Through semi-structured group interviews, I examine the motivations for their resistance processes, the challenges they face, and how they used communication and community engagement practices to overcome them. The findings are then analysed with a mainly Gramscian framework to advance the understanding of rural development issues in the green energy transition. 

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  • Leandersson, Alice
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Leijman, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors uppfattning om artificiell intelligens och robotteknik i vården2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Utveckingen av artificiell intelligens och robotteknik fortskrider snabbt, medan artificiell intelligens och robotteknik inom omvårdnad fortfarande är i ett tidigt stadium. Robotteknik kan komplettera sjuksköterskans arbete och bidra till bidra till en mer säker och personcentrerad vård. Artificiell intelligens underlättar för övervakning av vitala parametrar samt andra omvårdnadsaktiviteter, vilket bidrar till att sjuksköterskor får mer tid över för andra omvårdnadsuppgifter. Artificiell intelligens kan komma att ändra sättet empati, medkänsla och förtroende används i sjukvården. Sjuksköterskan bör vara medveten om sina egna attityder och sin kunskap eftersom dessa påverkar beslut gällande vård och behandling. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att studera vilka uppfattningar sjuksköterskor har om artificiell intelligens och robotteknik i omvårdnadsarbetet. Metod: Litteraturstudien baserades på tolv artiklar med kvantitativ ansats. Använda databaser var Pubmed och Cinahl. Kvalitetsgranskningen genomfördes enligt SBU:s granskningsmall. Analysen genomfördes enligt Popenoe m.fl. principer för dataanalys. Resultat: resultatet delades in i fyra teman: attityder, kunskap & utbildning, funktioner & egenskaper och konsekvenser. Sjuksköterskors attityder blir mer positiva efter att de har fått testa på att använda robotar, samtidigt som sjuksköterskor med mer teknisk kunskap och högre utbildning är mer positivt inställda till fördelarna för omvårdnaden. Studiedeltagarna anser att det finns både positiva och negativa funktioner och konsekvenser med artificiell intelligens och robotteknik. Konklusion: Sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om artificiell intelligens och robotteknik påverkades positivt efter utbildning samt när de fått testa på funktionerna. Utökad kunskap och utbildning kan bidra till att sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete följer den tekniska utvecklingen och personcentrerad och säker vård kan prioriteras.

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  • Akel, Amina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Steen, Tyra
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Patienters upplevelser av hur hjärtsvikt påverkar det dagliga livet: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Circa 2% of the Swedish population suffer from heart failure, therefore there is a possibility that every nurse will at least once need to attend to this patient-group. Heart failure is a chronic condition where the heart function is reduced, this leads to life-long treatment with the patient being responsible for following self-care instructions and monitoring their symptoms. In order to provide the best possible care for patients with heart failure, it is necessary that nurses understand the patient’s perspective of their condition. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to illustrate patients’ experiences of how heart failure affects daily life. Method: The literature study was based on a qualitative study design. The database search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Cinahl. Twelve scientific articles were quality checked according to SBU’s review template. The data analysis was performed using Popenoe’s et al. method for analysing qualitative articles. Results: Three categories and eight subcategories emerged from the data analysis. The main categories were: Personal difficulties due to living with heart failure, Obstacles in daily life and Strategies to cope with living with heart failure. The patients were troubled by physical, psychological and existential difficulties. Because of the difficulties, the patients became hindered in physical, mental and social aspects of life. The physical and mental obstacles resulted in patients becoming dependent on others in their daily life. Finally, the results showed that patients created strategies to cope living with heart failure. Conclusion: The literature study’s result demonstrated that heart failure affects patients’ daily lives. Several aspects and dimensions of the patients’ daily lives were affected. If nurses were to gain a deeper understanding of patients' experiences of heart failure, then their professional practice could develop in a positive direction. 

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  • Magalios-Soulein, Iason
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The Intersection of Social Entrepreneurshipwith Communication for Development: Investigating Croatian Social EnterpriseCommunication and Practices2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last four decades, social entrepreneurship (SE) has evolved from an experiment toa recognized practice dedicated to social change, popularly used globally. As a result, manyof its premises are having a spillover effect into the field of communication for development(C4D). While some view this combination of disciplines and practices as a new paradigm fordevelopment in the twenty first century, others view it as part of a larger trend towards theneoliberalization of humanitarianism. This ‘new spirit’ of development practitioners,whether they be corporations or non-government organizations (NGOs), adopts capitalisttrends creating ‘humanitarian doxa’, understood as the civic identity which conforms tocorporate responsibility. While this intersection of SE with C4D has been observed for sometime, empirical research on its application on the local level is limited. This paper investigateswhether and how NGOs which operate as social enterprises in Croatia use communicationpractices which align with neoliberal values and strategies. To accomplish this, contentanalysis and critical discourse analysis are applied to a group of NGOs by analyzing theirofficially published statutes and websites. The goal is to observe whether the neoliberal trendsoutlined in the literature are apparent in regional NGOs by exploring how they practice theircommunication and whether they communicate their self-defined development goals. Theresults show a presence of neoliberal discourse in NGO statutes which is often not present incorresponding websites, with few exceptions noted.

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  • Cordenillo, Raul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Communicative Practices to Make Subaltern Voices Heard: Reflecting on Experiences of Women’s and LGBTIQ+ RightsCivil Society Organisations in the Philippines2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to understand how the communicative practices of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) that advocate for women’s and LGBTIQ+ rights in the Philippines evolve as they advance the interests of the subaltern. Through two case studies of CSOs working with women’s and LGBTIQ+ rights, respectively, it identifies and discusses the communicative practices, including new media and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), that were adopted as the CSOs managed their organisational priorities and finances and navigated the oppressed contexts of the subalterns that they represent.

    The findings from the two case studies affirm that communicative practices adopted by CSOs are determined by their organisational objectives, organisational structure, and finances. Moreover, new media and ICT, such as social media, have proven useful, affordable, and easily accessible tools for both CSOs to reach and engage with their respective audiences. With the formation of the CSOs informed by the struggles and experiences of the subalterns they represent, their actions and communicative practices put the subalterns at the centre. For the subalterns to speak, they require alternative spaces to be safe to air their concerns and strategise to engage the public sphere. This is a role that the CSOs, which act as subaltern counterpublics, play. This also helps prepare the CSOs to build alliances, opening spaces for dialogue and advocacy for social change. These all contribute to making the demands of the subaltern heard.

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  • Kassem El Ahmad, Jouhaina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Ahmad, Sharifa Noor
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att kommunicera med patienter med afasi: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Communication difficulties occurs when the brain is damaged and depending on the location of the injury, the symptoms occur and lead to aphasia. In Sweden, between 7,000 and 10,000 people were affected by aphasia in 2021. Communication is a basic competence for a good nursing care. That’s why it is important that nurses are well informed and understand the significance of communication and various communication methods during interactions between nurses and patients with aphasia. This is essential to ensure a good quality of health care and promote person- centred care for patients with aphasia. Aim: Is to illuminate nurses experience of communicating with patients with aphasia. Method: A qualitative literature study based on ten scientific qualitative articles. The data analysed using Popenoe analysing method in three main steps. Result: Three main categories and six subcategories were identified: The main categories were: Emotional reactions, obstacles in communication, opportunities for effective communication. The subcategories were: feeling of frustration and dissatisfaction, feeling of guilt and responsibility, time pressure, lack of knowledge, the importance of time, strategies and methods. Conclusion: Nurses experienced that communication with patients with aphasia was a great challenge. The findings showed that communication with this group of patients was frustrated because both, the nurse and the patient need time to communicate and understand each other’s messages. Lack of knowledge about different communication facilities was a factor that hindered communication with these patients. To communicate effectively with patients with aphasia and promote their individual care required from nurses to give enough time to sit with patient, increase their knowledge about different communication strategies and methods, and treat each patient as a unique individual with their own needs.

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  • Eventhén, Leakim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Communication for Development at the United Nations: A Theory-Guided Case Study of Development Communication and C4D Usage Within the UN2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis constitutes a theory-guided case study of development communication and communication for development usage within different agencies at the United Nations. The study initially presents theories on development communication and communication for development, as interpreted, explained, and defined by researchers within the field. Then, the thesis applies the theories on development communication and communication for development to cases within the United Nations. The cases included in the study are; the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nation’s Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The results of the study demonstrate that; UNICEF utilizes development communication and communication for development in a manner that is in line with the definitions laid forth by Quebral as well as Fraser and Restrepo-Estrada. There is a connection between the way UNESCO uses development communication and communication for development and the theories put forth by Fraser and Restrepo-Estrada as well as Waisbord. The theories of Quebral and Waisbord are applicable to the work carried out by the UNDP. And lastly, the way in which FAO utilizes communication for development is in line with the definitions laid forth by Quebral as well as Fraser and Restrepo-Estrada.

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  • Demirel, Serdar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Media Portrayals, Cultural Identity, and Social Polarization: A Comparative Analysis of Global and Local Media Influence on Diverse Cultural Groups in Rotterdam, Netherlands2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the interwoven relations of the media portrayal, cultural identity and social polarization in the multicultural city Rotterdam, Netherlands, particularly in response to the Israel-Gaza conflict. By comparing global and local media sources like CNN, Al Jazeera and the television-station TV Rijnmond and the radio-station FunX, this paper gives a detailed insight in how the different cultural groups in Rotterdam interpret and react to media narratives about the conflict. Drawing on a mix of visual content analysis, observational data, and qualitative interviews, the research captures an array of community responses – ranging from passive consumption to active protest.The results indicate that global media portrayals offer different narratives that is interpreted differently by Rotterdam’s ethnic minorities and native Dutch population, which affects community cohesion and social polarization. Local media provides more relatable content, and is playing a crucial role in shaping community responses and fostering group identity. Moreover, this study points out how media rituals and group norms are crucial in interpreting media messages and in shaping cultural identities that connect or divide different community groups.This thesis helps in recognizing the nuanced role that media perform in multicultural urban settings and provides insights into the role of cultural identities amidst geopolitical conflicts. In the paper, recommendations are shared with the aim to enhance social cohesion through more inclusive and balanced media representations.

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  • Lomadze, Ether
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Pedestrian Perception of Walkability in Public Spaces: Example of a Historical Neighbourhood In Batumi2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Walking is one of the fundamental human activities, which extends beyond mere transportation mode and is embedded leisure and social practice, that intertwines physical movement, sensory experience, and interaction with physical and social environments. Given its multiple health and environmental benefits, promoting walking and pedestrianisation became a priority on the global agenda to meet health, climate, and broader sustainability objectives. Considering the complexity of human behaviour, understanding more than physical factors that influence walkability has become increasingly important.

    This study explores pedestrian perceptions of walkability in the public space of a historical neighbourhood in Batumi, Georgia. By employing qualitative research design, the study delves into perceptual and symbolic factors that influence walking behaviours in historically and culturally reach area. The study is based on one-hour walk-along interviews with nine participants and interviews with two business proprietors, supplemented by detailed observation and strategic document analysis.

    Study findings reveal that a sense of place, relaxation, aesthetic pleasure, and social interactions are critical perceived factors that motivate pedestrians to walk in the Old Batumi neighbourhood. Emotional attachment to place, shared values and beliefs (place identity), and physical and functional attachment to the area emerged as significant elements drawing people to walk despite the present car-oriented development and inadequate pedestrian infrastructure and comfort. Tranquil ambiance, old-style architecture, and scenic views enhance the walking experience for those seeking relaxation. In contrast, others are drawn to the area for active socialization as a form of relaxation.

    Additionally, the research uncovered that symbolic factors, such as open access and multiculturalism, walking as a performative act to claim the space, and cultural affinity play a crucial role in shaping pedestrian preferences. These factors enable individuals to reclaim cultural identity and protect historical heritage through their walking practices. They emerged as distinct for the particular geographic, political, and cultural context, reflecting the ongoing developments related to neoliberal transitions.

    Besides contributing to the theoretical walkability literature, the findings of the study suggest practical implications for ongoing pedestrianisation initiative in Batumi. It suggests that efforts should prioritise enhancing the sense of place and protecting historical and cultural elements. Recommendations include suggestions on priority streets with high pedestrianisation potential, considering features and factors positively influencing walking practices. Additionally, the study suggests that improving pedestrian infrastructure and access, maintaining the aesthetic and cultural integrity of public spaces, updating and enforcing existing regulations, and introducing integrated and participatory planning are essential. These measures are important to support and preserve the identified values of belonging, multiculturalism, and socialization.

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  • Schwalt Chan, Charles
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Exploring the Ethics of Generative AI within Humanitarian Organisations in Geneva2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2024, widespread usage of generative AI affects ComDev practitioners in their day-today jobs and have far-reaching implications for our societies. This thesis aims to (1) discover if humanitarians communicate about GenAI ethically and responsibly, (2) examine the existing power dynamics in shaping the discourses, and (3) determine if AI ethical frameworks help to safeguard the interests of vulnerable communities effectively. Though existing paradigms in Critical ICT4D and Digital for Development have suggested the need for critical reflections, this thesis has identified a gap in practical recommendations for Communication for Development. This research was conducted using a semi-systematic literature review and critical discourse analysis with two coding cycles on NVivo. Subsequently, themes, stakeholder maps, and a longitudinal analysis were derived to provide a practical toolkit to ComDev practitioners. Currently, there are multiple discussions and workshops in the area of GenAI in Geneva. However, the digital divide remains an ICT4D problem. Despite a boom in AI regulations and frameworks, organisations work in silos and maximise profits. Thus, there is a need for cross-sector collaboration and de-colonial programmes to mitigate the risks of the digital divide for vulnerable communities.  

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  • Boij, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Migrants’ Voices on Swedish Public Health Communication: A Culture-Centered Approach to Improving Public Health Communication in the County of Jönköping2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies across countries emphasizes that communication barriers can severely hinder access to health care services by migrants, leading to health inequities. The aim of this explorative research was to gain a deeper understanding of migrants’ perspectives on public health communication in Jönköping, Sweden. Empirical data has been gathered through multicultural focus groups with migrants from countries outside Europe, living in the county of Jönköping. The data has been analyzed using Braun & Clarke’s six step model for thematic analysis and from the theoretical framework of a Culture-Centered Approach to health communication, as presented by Mohan Dutta. 

    The findings revealed communication barriers that hinder groups of migrants from accessing the public health communication and advice for improvement that could increase access and trust. The Swedish language, low digital use and limited digital skills as well as low trust towards the Swedish system are prominent obstacles that affect the communication processes in different layers. The participants express the need for a more flexible health system to increase access and prefer communication in native language verbally or printed. For those who use digital health communication, they want the Region to search engine-optimize in their native languages to ease the process of finding the right sources. Furthermore, authoritarian doctors as messengers of health communication are preferred.

    The health communication participants have received from the Region’s health communicators in their native language is presented to be a tool for increased trust and understanding. Their methods enable a participatory communication flow. To continue the development of participatory communication activities can be one way of combating the barriers faced by some groups of migrants. It is clear that a “one size fits all-communication approach”, with a focus on digital Swedish public health communication does not succeed to reach this target group. The communication barriers need to be understood from an organizational perspective. It is essential that migrants are invited to influence strategies, innovations and systems. In order to reduce the health gap, the Region needs to listen actively to migrants and engage them to co-create solutions that promote access and trust. 

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  • Andersson, Emma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Virtual Water Trade as a Cover for Extractivist Practices: Brazil’s Soybean Exports and its Socio-Environmental Consequences2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Virtual Water Trade (VWT) thesis has in recent years taken centre stage in the global water security and political economy discourse for its ability to mitigate water scarcity issues through global trade. However, it has been criticised for neglecting the externalities and the full social-environmental costs, which in this research is highlighted through the case of Brazil. This multivariate research critically assesses the dangers of seeing VWT as a ‘pure’ economic model by investigating the intervening variable of the structural conditions of the Brazilian government and their close intertwinement with agricultural corporations. By qualitative content analysis and empirical data supporting the arguments, the research found that agrarian corporations’ participation in an extractivist system can only thrive where the state actively guarantees the structural condition. This includes financial incentives which provide them with the hegemonic power to influence policies and amendments favouring agrarian business expansion with detrimental socio-environmental consequences for the vulnerable communities within Brazil. The research concludes that it is important to acknowledge this macro-micro linkage when formulating international agreements regarding agricultural trade, otherwise, the purpose of the Virtual Water Trade to mitigate water stress and prevent violent conflicts is instead undermined.

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  • Barraso Delgado, Paloma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Empowering rural women through ICTs: ConectadAs - a digital literacy programme in Extremadura, Spain2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • Jonna, Glemne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    "Om sex är för långt, då spelar det ingen roll vad han gör": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om kvinnor med ADHD och deras sexuella och relationella hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD, stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and is a neuropsychiatric disability. For a person to be diagnosed with ADHD, several different diagnostic criteria must be met. The first criterion is that the person experiences various forms of difficulties with attention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity, which cause suffering for the individual in at least two different areas of their life, such as personal and professional settings. The individual must also have had symptoms before the age of 12. One aspect of suffering in personal life can be within sexual and relational domains. Previous research indicates that women with ADHD may experience negative impact on sexual desire, orgasm, sexual function, and self-esteem due to their disabilities. There is a need for increased understanding of these issues, especially for women. Aim: To investigate the sexual and relational challenges that women with ADHD experience in relation to their diagnosis, as well as the strategies they use to manage these challenges. Method: Through semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis, three main themes with two sub-themes on the first and third theme were identified. Results: The three main themes identified were: "Having a disability entails different impairments," "Creating strategies within the sexual and relational context," and "Acceptance is needed by both the individual with ADHD and their close ones." These themes highlight how respondents' sexual and relational health and self-esteem are affected by their ADHD. Particularly prominent was a pattern showing a change in challenges before and after diagnosis, where acceptance and communication emerge as central strategies. Acceptance could be achieved through mindfulness, tantric sex, therapy, or having a partner who also deviates from functional norms. Furthermore, the impact of societal expectations and gender norms on these challenges was explored, emphasizing the need for tailored support and understanding within clinical contexts. Further research: Suggestions for future research include longitudinal studies to examine changes over time and investigations into how the ADHD diagnosis affects partners' sexual and relational health.

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  • Civalero, Gonzalo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Umutesi, Geraldine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Green Growth in the Global South: Community Resilience and Systemic Leadership applied to the Green Village Model2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the application of Green Growth strategies in Rwanda, focusing on community resilience and systemic leadership within the Green Village Model. The research addresses the gap in understanding how these strategies are adopted in the challenging socio-economic contexts of the Global South, with a specific examination of Rwanda's pioneering Green Village. Using a qualitative case study approach, this study involved interviews with key stakeholders including government officials, community members from the Green Gicumbi village, and experts in the mentioned theoretical frameworks. 

    Findings indicate that Rwanda's adoption of Green Growth strategies is contextually driven, reflecting the unique socio-economic and environmental challenges faced by the communities. Systemic leadership has emerged as crucial in fostering an environment that enhances community resilience, thereby supporting the successful implementation of Green Growth. This interconnectedness significantly bolsters the community's capacity to adopt green technologies, manage resources sustainably, and enhance socio-economic well-being.

    The study contributes to the theory of sustainable development by providing insights into the dynamics of Green Growth strategies in the Global South. It underscores the importance of aligning such strategies with local needs and conditions to ensure their effectiveness and sustainability. The thesis also offers practical recommendations for policymakers and stakeholders involved in crafting andadopting Green Growth strategies, suggesting that fostering leadership that appreciates systems interdependencies and community-driven initiatives can significantly enhance the resilience and sustainability of vulnerable communities.

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  • Avdilji, Hasije
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Children, Youth and Society (BUS).
    Den andra sidan av inskolningen: En kvalitativ studie om vårdnadshavares erfarenheter av inskolning i förskolan2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens fokus ligger i att synliggöra vårdnadshavares erfarenheter av inskolning då deras perspektiv inte uppmärksammas i samma utsträckning som pedagogers och barns perspektiv. Det är betydelsefullt att öka kunskapen gällande vårdnadshavares upplevelser av inskolning då inskolning är en stor förändring och en övergångsperiod som sker i deras barns och deras liv. Perspektiv från vårdnadshavare kan dels ge en inblick till andra vårdnadshavare och dels ökad förståelse bland pedagoger i förskolan. Denna studie syftar till att belysa vårdnadshavares erfarenheter av inskolning. Urvalet i studien består av 8 vårdnadshavare som delat upplevelsen av inskolning av sina barn i förskolan. En kvalitativ studie har genomförts, där vårdnadshavarna intervjuats i en semistrukturerade intervjuer. Studien utgår ifrån ett anknytningsteoretiskt perspektiv (Bowlby 2010), samt teorin om anknytningsstilar som utformats av Bowlby och Ainsworth (1967). Begrepp som KASAM (Antonovsky 1987) kommer också att användas i studien. Resultatet visar på hur vårdnadshavares erfarenheter sett ut ur olika aspekter under inskolningen, såsom introduktionen, samspel och kommunikation mellan det olika medverkande i inskolningen. Inför introduktionen fick vårdnadshavarna information om inskolningen på olika sätt, dels via öppethus och dels via informationsbrev. Det fanns en förväntan från vårdnadshavarna att pedagogerna skulle skapa en anknytning till deras barn under inskolningen för att ge trygghet åt barnet. Vårdnadshavarna hade även förväntningar på att förskolepersonalen skulle ha en pedagogisk utbildning. Resultatet visade även att kommunikationen mellan vårdnadshavarna och pedagogerna var betydelsefullt i hur vårdnadshavarna upplevde sitt samspel med pedagogerna. Vidare framkom det att vårdnadshavarna hade olika upplevelser gällande hur närvarande pedagogerna var under inskolningen. Avslutningsvis visar slutsatsen på att inskolning är en invecklad process. Detta då det finns många faktorer som kan haft en påverkan i vårdnadshavarnas upplevelser av inskolning. Pedagogernas utbildningsnivå samt erfarenhet, första mötet med förskolan, kommunikation och samspel mellan det olika parterna, barnets anknytningsmönster och vårdnadshavarnas föräldraidentitet är alla olika faktorer som kan ha en inverkan i vårdnadshavarnas erfarenhet.

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  • Schiolborg, Nanna Mortensen
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Anti-gang Initiative IV: A qualitative research of Danish crime prevention practitioners' perspective of Anti-gang Initiative IV2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the perceptions of Anti-gang Initiative IV of Danish practitioners working within crime prevention in different Danish municipalities. The anti-gang initiative was voted through in November 2023 and is the latest in a series of anti-gang initiatives aimed at reducing gangs and gang crime in Denmark. Through qualitative interviews and thematic analysis, this study captures the insight of practitioners, emphasizing the importance of their role in evaluation work, especially when translating policy intro practice. Despite already existing initiatives, practitioners expressed uncertainty about the effectiveness and implementation and stressed a need for more evidence-based research and practical evaluations. The findings of this study show gang crime as an intractable problem, where there is a need for crime prevention policies, such as Anti-gang Initiative IV, to be grounded in empirical evidence and more locally context- specific. 

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  • Malmberg Zasada, Sabine
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Liljegren, Joakim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Skolledares uppfattningar om lärande för hållbar utveckling: En flerfallsstudie av certifierade och icke-certifierade grundskolor i hållbar utveckling i Skåne2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a global framework to promote sustainable development (SD) on both a global and local level. The purpose of ESD is to integrate knowledge and values that embodies SD throughout the education system. To ensure students responsible engagement with the environment, ESD aims to give students an understanding of complex connections regarding both social and ecological aspects. ESD has been implemented in the Swedish curriculum to fulfill its obligations towards 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In elementary school the principal has the overall responsibility to lead and coordinate the pedagogical activities and research has shown that the principal is crucial in developing a platform for ESD within the school organization. However, in order to implement ESD there is a need in Sweden for organizational change within schools. In this study principal’s perception of SD are investigated with the purpose of gaining knowledge regarding the principal’s motivation for implementing ESD. Through a qualitative method six interviews were conducted with school leaders in Skåne and with a complementing discourse analysis of national governing documents, it could be concluded that there was a difference in perception of SD. The results of this study show that awards for ESD does not affect the implementation of ESD. Instead, the driving force for implementing ESD is rather shown in the presence of change agents, leadership for sustainability, investments in EMP and intrinsic motivation. 

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  • Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Husain, Arzo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Samhällskunskapens och geografins roll i utbildning för miljömässig hållbarhet - i svenska gymnasieskolor2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Schools have been identified in both global and national policy documents as having an important role in educating about sustainable development. For example, the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4.7 aims to ensure that all students acquire the knowledge and skills to promote sustainable development. However, the complexity of sustainable development can lead teachers to find it difficult to approach the subject in their teaching. The imprecise nature of policy documents also poses a risk that sustainable development is not taught in a way that optimizes students' learning about the topic, which in turn may reduce their ability to make sustainable decisions. Current research shows how different subject teachers understand and teach sustainability as a whole, but few studies have focused on a specific school subject and examined how each individual dimension of sustainable development is addressed. Therefore this study focused on how environmental sustainability is included in geography and civics. The aim of the study was to gain an understanding of how the environmental dimension of sustainable development is treated in social studies at upper secondary school and how the teaching methods of social studies teachers resonate with the principles of education for sustainable development (ESD). The study was based on a qualitative method, where eight upper secondary school teachers were interviewed in Skåne, Sweden. An inductive thematic analysis was used to analyze the interviews. The results of the study showed that civics and geography have different subject content and teaching methods related to environmental sustainability and ESD. Environmental sustainability had a more primary role in the geography subject, compared to civics where it was included more indirectly. The results also showed how professional development in ESD is a development opportunity for teachers to gain greater understanding and through that greater interest in using ESD but also including environmental sustainability in their teaching. However, these development opportunities must come from a higher level than the teachers themselves, but the teachers also have a role in communicating these needs.

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  • Johnsson, Mathilda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sjöberg, Emma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Responsible leadership in Collaborative governance for systemic sustainable development: A study of leaders' reflections on their internal competencies2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globally and nationally in Sweden, we see an increased awareness of the interconnectedness of sustainability challenges and an understanding that no single actor or sector possesses the resources, knowledge or creativity needed to develop and implement holistic solutions to bring about disruptive transformations of the currently unsustainable system. This has led to an increased demand for collaborative governance and values-based responsible leadership. Despite this growing interest, we identify a gap in research regarding what leadership approach and competencies are needed to harness the potential of collaboration. The purpose of this study is to understand individual leaders’ perspectives on responsible leadership in collaborative governance aimed at systemic sustainable development. By gathering qualitative data through semi-structured interviews with 9 leaders active in collaborative governance in Sweden we contribute with research on internal competencies in leadership. We analyze the individual leaders’ reflections in relation to three concepts from responsible leadership: ethics and values, self-awareness and stakeholder relations. Through this study we find that responsible leadership provides a suitable holistic approach to address the complex challenges of collaborative governance aimed at systemic sustainable development. In addition, we find that the three internal competencies in focus for this study are deeply interconnected and create synergies when applied in collaborative governance. Lastly, we identify that leaders’ self-awareness reflects an interconnectedness between the leaders’ perception of their own inner sustainability and the sustainability of the outer world consisting of stakeholder relations and the societal system they strive to change through their leadership. Through our findings we identify a need for further qualitative research applying an integrated approach to responsible leadership studies through which the synergies and interconnections of competencies can be better understood.

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  • Jervill, Axel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Mach, Brandon
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Designing a game that promotes social interactions in a public setting by inviting spectators to the game2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online gaming has over the years become very popular and during the global pandemic of 2019, gained an even larger amount of people indulging in the activity. All this online activity has led to a decline in in-person social interactions which have been researched to have negative effects on young adults. This thesis aims to find ways to promote more in-person social interaction with the help of games. An artifact in the form of a video game was created with active video game principles and pervasive game characteristics in mind, with the goal of achieving social interaction between players and spectators. Nintendo Joy-Con controllers are the main controller used and an external microphone to capture sounds is used to fulfill the prerequisites of pervasive games. A collection of five different minigames was created, all with different ways that noise can affect the gameplay. The results of the experiments showed that the artifact promotes in-person social interactions between players and spectators by making the spectators able to interact with the games. 

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  • Ohlson, Linn
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Simonsson, Michelle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Det vackra i det vilda: Kommunal förvaltning av urban vildmark i städer för biologisk mångfald2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization and the densification of cities challenges efforts to halt the loss of biodiversity. A loss of biodiversity threatens long-term functioning ecosystem that provides ecosystem services. Therefore, achieving a balance between nature and humans is crucial. Despite their challenges, cities are seen as an alternative environment for biodiversity. To make a change in the loss of biodiversity, urban wilderness becomes an important component in existing green spaces. This study aims to map the challenges and opportunities for municipal strategic work with urban wilderness in green areas. The challenges and opportunities are viewed as a basis for municipalities' greening strategies. A content analysis has been conducted of selected urban greening plans with various documents from the municipalities and materials from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Semi-structured interviews have also been carried out with officials working in environmental professions in three municipalities and a representative from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Complementary methods have included the photo-elicitation method and observation of selected sites. This study found several challenges and opportunities in municipal strategic work with urban wilderness in green spaces for biodiversity. The most prominent opportunity is that the work with urban wilderness as a foundation in a greening strategy is based on a multifunctional perspective. Working from such a perspective makes it possible to address urban wilderness in green spaces for biodiversity. The hope is that this study can provide a new perspective on how urban wilderness can be included for biodiversity in municipal greening strategies.

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  • Krantz, Julia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Larsson, Paulina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Finns det mågon anledning för polisutbildningen att inkludera en kandidatexamen?: En kvalitativ undersökning utifrån ett polisiärt perspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An academic police education in Sweden has been discussed on the state level. Polisförbundet has proposed to implement a bachelor’s thesis in police education where they express a positive approach to an academic police education. This study has a qualitative approach to obtain a deeper understanding from a police perspective. The study aims to investigate the perceptions of possibilities and limitations that working officers and police students experience regarding a police education with a bachelor. It also investigates potential similarities and variations between these. This study is based on eleven focused interviews where many possibilities and limitations, but also similarities and variations, are illustrated. The material has been analyzed thematically and resulted in two overarching themes where one processes police education and the other refers to the upcoming life of work. The results refer to possibilities and limitations, and also similarities and variations, regarding the applicants, the content of the education, the theoretical and practical knowledge during the education, and also the potential bachelor’s degree. The results also refer to the professional roles and working methods in Polismyndigheten, research on police work and the public’s trust in the police. All together the result shows that the police practice is experienced as practical, but theoretical subjects are also essential for the education and police practice. A bachelor’s degree can be favorable for some professional roles and for those who have more theoretical and academic interest. It has also been considered to contribute with problematic aspects with concerns that practical aspects were being set aside or that fewer practical individuals will apply. Even though there are several possibilities, an academic police education including a bachelor thesis is considered unmotivated. Other alternative educational routes are suggested to be a better option.

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  • Khamis, Youna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Porten till gemenskap: En förbättring på Lindängeskolans södra entré2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work focuses on improving one of the entrances to Lindängeskolan in Malmö, this in collaboration with Allaktivitetshusen. Allaktivitetshusen is a municipal association that offers free activities for children, young people and adults to contribute to a more active life in the area. The improvement of the school’s southern entrance should contribute to Allaktivitetshusen and other associations getting a better experience of the place, as they use the entrance the most.

    After an inspiring study visit to Allaktivitetshusen, I realized the importance of their work in creating an inclusive and active community for people of all ages. In addition to contributing to health and well-being, I believe that Allaktivitetshusen’s work can serve as a platform for creating new relationships and facilitating integration for people with different backgrounds. During the study visit, the need to improve the entrance, which is currently difficult to locate and not clear enough, was explained.

    The purpose of my thesis is to create a well-thought-out design proposal to improve the entrance, taking into account the needs and wishes of the organization and the school. By integrating both theoretical perspectives and practical ones, the work strives to create a more welcoming, accessible and identifiable entrance that reflects the values of all associations and contributes to community and participation for all users.

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  • Schirén, Ellen
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hind, Johnsson
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Att arbeta med provisionsbaserad lön: En studie med fokus på fastighetsmäklarbranschen och dess provisionsbaserade lönesystem2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences and perceptions of working with commission-based salaries in the real estate brokerage industry. For this study, a qualitative interview study has been implemented as a method, where a total of ten interviews have been conducted. The respondents include a representative from a trade association, three managers and six practicing real estate agents from three different real estate brokerage firms. For the study, an interview guide was designed containing three different themes such as profession,salary and education.

    The study concludes that several factors influence real estate agents ́ perceptions and experiences of a commission-based salary. These factors are motivation, performance,flexibility and security. Factors that were not found to have an impact on the perception of commission-based salary are experience and efficiency. The main reason why commission-based salary continues to dominate the real estate profession is that it manages to stimulate real estate agents' motivation and achievement in a way that other salary structures do not manage to do. The study has shown that there is a resilience within the real estate brokerage industry that involves divided opinions regarding the development of the salary structure. The lack of consensus within the industry to move away from commission-based salary structure is preventing the profession from moving forward in the process of professionalization and the possibility of being recognized as a perfected profession.

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