Malmö University Publications
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  • Ranjbar, Nina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Alhaidar, Laween
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    En läromedelsanalys av orientalistiska tendenser och könsroller i skildringen av hinduismen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Laween Alhaidar Nina Ranjbar
  • Erlandsson, Isak
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Aloni, Dean
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Optimering av ställning till horisontella cylinderformade tankar med FEM-Analys2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The steel industry generates a large amount of CO2 emissions during material production. Because of this, it is important to optimize the use of the material so that unnecessary emissions can be avoided. Apart from the CO2 emission and material reduction, optimization can result in less costs in production for the company. This study intends to verify this by performing an optimization of a support used by the company Bernoulli System AB. The support was originally designed for one of their larger water filters, but is used for various filter sizes. The hypothesis formed by the company is that the support is oversized for their smaller filters. They specify that the legs are particularly interesting to analyze for the optimization. If possible, they would also prefer to use commercial metal profiles instead of the bent sheet metal used today. The study undertakes to analyze their current construction to answer the hypothesis posed by the company. In addition to this, the study will check the possibilities of using commercial material for the legs. Through this study the hope is that the result will show that even smaller constructions can genereate large percentage savings through optimization. To perform the study the modeling program Creo is used to simulate a simplified model of the current support. To achieve an optimal optimization for the support various simulations are performed with different profiles for the legs. Some simplifications and boundaries for the study have been made in consultation with the company to be able to perform the study. To ensure that the model in Creo works and gives correct results from the simulation, an analytical model is built in Matlab. Through the additional program CALFEM the model’s reaction forces are obtained, which can then be used in hand calculations to check the effective stress. By comparing the results from both methods a validation method is established. The choice of commercial profiles to test for the support became UPE-profiles since they seemed the most fitting as a substitute. When further optimization wasn’t possible the results were compiled to check the possible savings after the optimization. The study confirms the company’s hypothesis, the legs are oversized for their smaller water filters. It is possible to optimize the legs in the construction and replace the bent sheet metal with UPE-profiles. According to the study’s analysis a UPE-80 profile canbe used for the legs, and both the support plate and middle bars can be removed in the construction. The reason for the removal of these parts is because they are undersized for the optimized construction. This led to the parts generating a higher effective stress than allowed of 96 MPa. With the optimized construction simulated in Creo, a maximum effective stress of 89 MPa is achieved. The study therefore concludes that a UPE-80 profile can be used as the legs for the support. The total savings of the legs by performing the optimization is approximately 52 %.

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  • Litinska, Ieva Helēna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Oprea, Raluca-Cosmina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Insights into Companies’ Adoption of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union entered into force the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD), which represents a comprehensive framework to enhance transparency and accountability in corporate sustainability reporting. The study focuses on the organisational change processes and attitudes activated in the companies by the implementation of mandatory sustainability reporting under the CSRD. The study aims to provide insights into the practical adoption of the CSRD from an organisational change perspective. While prior studies have concentrated on more isolated aspects of CSRD implementation, this paper offers a holistic outlook on the entirety of the change processes involved. To achieve the goal, nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with sustainability professionals representing various organisations that are obligated to report under the CSRD in 2025 and 2026. This study develops an analytical framework combining Corporate Social Responsibility theory and Organisational Change frameworks. The results indicate that the CSRD serves as a catalyst for organisational change in all companies, regardless of their prior reporting practices. In managing this change, companies have to integrate sustainability and market concerns into their strategies. 

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  • Munck af Rosenschöld, Anna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hult, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Upplevelsen av fastighetsförmedlingsprocessen i Sverige & Frankrike: En jämförande studie utifrån ett kundperspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mediation process differs significantly between Sweden and France, which can affect the perception of buyers and sellers. In Sweden, transparency and security are emphasised through an impartial Real Estate Broker, while France uses separate buyer and seller Brokers, with a Notary handling the final transaction. Differences in these processes could lead to varying customer experiences and thus directly impact customer satisfaction. Understanding these differences and adapting services accordingly is crucial for a Broker's success and to maintain a functioning Brokerage system in the country. This study aims to investigate and measure the customer experience from the mediation processes in Sweden and France to understand which process is most appreciated by the customer. 

    In the study, a qualitative method was chosen where semi-structured interviews were used to collect material. It is based on theories of customer experience, satisfaction, perceived service quality, and loyalty, as well as various measurement instruments that can capture these different aspects. The work has highlighted customers' perceptions based on the differences in the processes according to seven different dimensions from the RESERV measurement instrument. These are reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, tangibles, professionalism, and availability. 

    The study has shown that the customer experience is influenced by the different mediation processes. Areas such as security, readiness, and professionalism have dominated the collected responses and have been considered to have a significant impact on the customer experience. Sweden stands out in the areas of readiness and professionalism, and France in security. The study concludes that different processes are preferred from a seller and buyer perspective. Furthermore, it can be noted that customers valued readiness more than security because they did not perceive any of the countries as directly unsafe. The study results in Sweden being considered to have a somewhat more preferred process overall - but that a combination of the two would have been the best option. This meaning that the process contains both a high level of security but also a high level of readiness for a smooth and fast process. 

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  • Johansson, Emmy
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fastighetsmäklaren: En studie om motivation, prestation och karriärmöjligheter ur ett genusperspektiv2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates gender differences in the real estate agents profession, focusing on a gender perspective and how gender coding affects male and female real estate agents. The real estate agent profession is characterized by individual performance and typically commission-based pay. At the end of the year 2023, the gender distribution within the profession was nearly balanced, with 3,436 women and 4,169 men registered as real estate agents in Sweden. Women had a slightly higher deregistration rate than men.

    The study's results indicate that male and female real estate agents have different motivations for choosing the profession, partly reflecting societal gender stereotypes and norms. While men more often were attracted to the competitive and performance-based aspects of the profession, women more frequently emphasized client relationships, mental stress, and family life. These differences showed an impact on career opportunities and the experience of how they were perceived by clients. Female brokers sometimes experienced that their competence is questioned, often linked to gender stereotypes. This indicates that women in these situations may need to make an additional effort to prove their competence.

    The results highlight the importance of understanding and addressing the structural and social barriers that primarily affect female real estate agents and their professional experiences, while also acknowledging that the industry has become a more gender-equal profession over time, as reflected by the statistics as well as the experiences.

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  • Lafond, Paul
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Laïcité and Individual Understanding: A case study of students at Nantes University in France2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse how do students at Nantes University understand the principle of laïcité. Indeed, this principle has been a major subject of debate in France since the 1980s in both political and academic spheres. Following a social constructivist approach to science and Baubérot’s developments on the subject, this thesis focuses on the personal perception of students, their definition of laïcité and how they build this definition. The combination of semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis reveals a process through which students reach an understanding. The main sources (educational system, political discourse and mediatic spheres) through which laïcité is first exposed to students are often criticized since they are based on controversial concepts. However, through the mediating role of their identities and personal experiences, students critically examine the different definitions of laïcité and build their own, often based on principles of non-discrimination rather than focusing on religious symbols.

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  • Saam, Janna-Sophie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Rosenstein, Amelie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Reshaped ESG Reporting Challenges of Scandinavian Organizations: The Transformation from the NFRD to the CSRD2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates the challenges Scandinavian organizations face in adapting their ESG reporting practices to comply with the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD), introduced in January 2024. The CSRD aims to enhance Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) reporting by implementing double materiality assessment (DMA) and expanding the scope of value chain reporting. Given its novelty and the limited academic literature on this topic, this research provides critical insights into these transformations. 

    Three research questions guide this study: (1) How do Scandinavian organizations conduct the DMA of their ESG reporting under the CSRD? (2) How do Scandinavian organizations address challenges in ESG reporting along the entire value chain after adopting the CSRD? (3) How is the CSRD reshaping the ESG reporting challenges faced by Scandinavian organizations? The research employs a qualitative, exploratory approach, including expert interviews and textual analysis. Grounded in Stakeholder Theory and Value Chain Theory, the study provides perspectives for understanding stakeholder engagement and value chain dynamics in ESG reporting.

    The findings reveal that organizations exhibit varying approaches to DMA, influenced by conflicting definitions of materiality, differing stakeholder engagement practices and subjectivity. Despite ESRS guidance, this creates challenges in comparability and implementation. In terms of value chain reporting, organizations face significant challenges in data gathering and transparency. The CSRD reshapes ESG reporting by standardizing requirements and addressing previous inconsistencies of its predecessor, the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD). However, the CSRD introduces both opportunities and challenges for Scandinavian organizations. 

    By integrating Stakeholder and Value Chain Theory, this study highlights the importance of comprehensive stakeholder engagement and robust data systems. The findings underscore the need for ongoing adjustments and improvements of the reporting standards as organizations navigate the evolving ESG landscape under the CSRD. Ultimately, the CSRD is contributing to more sustainable and transparent business practices.

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  • Larsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jersgren, Marie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Att vara kvinna i transportbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors karriärmöjligheter, hinder och vägen mot en jämställd bransch2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality work is ongoing within the transport industry. The industry has a reputationof being male-dominated which may be the reason why fewer women are attracted to it.Previous research shows that there are clear norms and stereotypes within male-dominatedprofessions where women face challenges such as harassment, exclusion, prejudices, andissues with work-life balance. Previous research also presents opportunities and femalequalifications such as women being more cooperative, selfless, and less risk-taking than men.

    The aim of the study is to investigate how transport companies are working towards genderequality and examine the barriers and opportunities that women in the transport industry face.The study was conducted through a qualitative method, where semi-structured interviewswere conducted with a total of eleven people in leadership positions and truck drivers in threeselected transport organizations. The material provided by the respondents through their ownexperiences and perceptions has been interpreted and categorized, which is presented in theempirical chapter.

    The results of the study show that transport organizations are actively working to promotegender equality in the industry, requiring active marketing from companies and the presenceof female role models within the organization to increase female participation. The results ofthe study also show barriers that women face, such as work-life balance, stereotypes, andexclusion, as well as career opportunities provided to women through internal trainingprograms. By breaking norms and creating an inclusive work environment, companies canattract more women to the industry.

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  • Berger, Casper
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Goos, Damay
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Farm to Future: Stakeholder Roles and Institutional Barriers in the Integration of Urban Agriculture into Smart Cities in the Netherlands2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the integration of urban agriculture into smart cities in the Netherlands, with an emphasis on stakeholder roles and the institutional environment. The study investigates the complex interaction between local governments, businesses, academic institutions, community groups, and residents using the theoretical frameworks of Scott's institutional theory, stakeholder salience theory, and Moore's business ecosystem theory. The study uses semi-structured interviews with important stakeholders to identify each group's power, legitimacy, and urgency, as well as to investigate their relationships and collaboration. Key findings show that local governments play an important role in regulatory support, land use facilitation, and financial incentives, whereas businesses promote technological innovation and economic viability. Academic institutions make significant contributions to research and technological developments, while community groups promote social sustainability and local participation. Residents, as end users, affect urban agriculture by their engagement and demand. Institutional barriers such as regulatory hurdles, financial constraints, and cultural resistance hinder the integration of urban agriculture. Supportive policies, financial incentives, community engagement, and educational initiatives have been stated as crucial facilitators. To address these barriers, the study underlines the importance of streamlining regulatory processes, developing comprehensive food strategies, and increasing public awareness. Urban agriculture can be successfully integrated into smart city frameworks by leveraging the collaborative potential of varying stakeholders and building a supportive institutional environment. This integration fosters sustainable urban development, improves community well-being, and addresses food security, environmental management, and social cohesion issues. The study offers practical recommendations for policymakers and practitioners to build resilient, innovative, and inclusive urban ecosystems, adding valuable insights to the field of sustainable urban development.

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  • Forsberg, Paula
    et al.
    Azazi, Emir
    "En så stor förändring av socialtjänstenhar vi aldrig tidigare genomfört.": En kvalitativ studie om hur den initiala implementeringsprocessen ser ut för kommuner i Skåne.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to investigate how municipalities around southern Sweden, specificallySkåne, are preparing for the new social services law and what the initial implementationprocess looks like. The law is not yet legislated, but the process of implementing new lawstakes time and resources, which raises interest in how the initial work is designed in themunicipalities. Initially, a picture of the challenges facing social services is given and then thegovernment's legislative proposal for a new social services law is presented. Previousresearch that has been done in the field of social services and implementation is alsopresented. Implementation and collaboration are the main theories used in the study as ananalytical tool to analyze the collected empirical material. Furthermore, a qualitative methodwas used in the study where semi-structured interviews were conducted with 6 municipalities.In summary, the municipalities have started the implementation work, but are still in an earlystage characterized by preparations and uncertainty.

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  • Bull, Lina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Melos, Marita
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    "Här luktar inte ens svett, här luktar det hora": En historisk överblick av makt, jämställdhet och trakasserier i svensk poliskår2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens titel är ett citat: "Här luktar inte ens svett, här luktar det hora", som framförs av Polistidningen (nr 3, 1999), vilket tydligt visar på språkets jargong inom polisorganisationen. Genom att tillämpa kvalitativ innehållsanalys som metod för att undersöka tidningsartiklar har vi kunnat följa polisens jämställdhetsutveckling och upptäckt fler intressanta resultat. Från år 1957 till 2021 visar tidningsartiklar ett tydligt isärhållande mellan poliskåren och de kvinnliga posettliserna. På 70-talet och framåt började kvinnor höja sina röster och vi märkte en tydlig förändring i artiklarna. Samtalen kring jämställdhet och det faktum att kvinnliga poliser är här för att stanna gick sakta men stabilt framåt. Mot slutet av 80-talet svängde det över till en helt annan diskurs inom kåren, nu hade kvinnors nätverk utvidgats så att kvinnliga poliser runt hela världen delade med sig av varandras åsikter, erfarenheter och framtidsplaner. Sverige var en förebild eftersom det ansågs att jämställdhetsarbetet hade kommit långt här. Det empiriska materialet visar dock att när kvinnliga poliser utsatts för sexuella trakasserier har historiskt  få anmälningar gjorts. Att göra en anmälan kan innebära att de kvinnliga poliserna inte blir betrodda eller att det får negativa konsekvenser. Via artiklarna har den förkastliga jargongen inom poliskåren analyserats och hur kvinnliga poliser påverkats. Hur genus och könsmakt konstrueras och uttryckts har identifierat och studerats och resultatet visar på att polisorganisationen öppet sagt, “lite får man tåla”. Denna uppsats kan bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur genusfrågor hanteras inom poliskåren och hur dess interna processer och strukturer påverkar samhällets syn på kön och könsmakt. 

     

     

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  • Roxendal, Alice
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    von Feilitzen, Emilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    En bok kan inte prata: En kvalitativ studie om läsmotivation i årskurs ett2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete syftar till att ge en bild av elevers inställning, attityd och motivation till läsning i grundskolans första år genom att intervjua elever i årskurs ett om deras upplevelse kring läsning och läsvanor i hemmet. Det är en kvalitativ studie med motivationspsykologisk utgångspunkt och särskild tonvikt på elevers läsande självbild och förutsättningar hemifrån för att utveckla läsmotivation. 

    I studien har 34 förstaklasselever intervjuats i 10 fokusgrupper fördelat på två skolor belägna i områden med låg respektive hög socioekonomisk status. Namnen på skolorna är fingerade. Resultatet visade att fler elever på Sjöskolan beskrev framåtsyftande mål medan eleverna på Temaskolan till högre grad beskrev motivation i nuet. Vidare föredrog eleverna på Temaskolan att läsa för en vuxen medan eleverna på Sjöskolan föredrog tyst läsning. Resultatet synliggjorde även en markant skillnad mellan skolorna kring läsvanor i hemmet och tillgång till böcker. 

    I analys av data kunde slutsatsen dras att deltagarna över lag hade en positiv inställning till läsning. Emellertid skiljde sig de bakomliggande motivationsfaktorerna åt mellan skolorna. Studiens resultat framhållen vikten av att bibehålla läsmotivationen för framtiden genom att bygga broar mellan hem och skola, anpassa svenskundervisningen för att inkludera elever med svenska som andraspråk samt utveckla undervisningsmetoder utifrån ett vidgat läsbegrepp.

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  • Johansson, Jessika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    BRIDGING PERSPECTIVES ON CAREGIVER ENGAGEMENT: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF EXPERIENCES FROM CAREGIVERS AND SOCIAL WORKERS2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Caregivers are socializing agents for their children and play an important role in their psychosocial development and desistance from criminal pathways. When children’s psychosocial needs are unmet by their caregivers, social workers play an important role in supporting their healthy development. Considering the increased attention by scholars toward caregiver engagement in children’s interventions, and the acknowledgment of emergent power dynamics in the interaction between caregivers and social workers, it is of interest to explore broader influences of engagement. This paper compares the experiences of social workers and caregivers at an outpatient treatment working on behalf of Swedish Social Services. Caregiver engagement in children’s psychosocial development is discussed from stereotypes and broader sociocultural influences to explore potential power dynamics. The findings suggest that caregiver engagement is not a simple dichotomy of good or bad. Instead, sociocultural influences such as shame, guilt, and blame, along with integrational processes and sociocultural norms are indicative of inclusive and exclusive processes of caregiver engagement. Failure to address intercultural misunderstandings and failure to recognize individual needs beyond the caregiver identity are perceived as discriminatory factors contributing to unfair assessments of caregiver capabilities and practices. Consequently, power dynamics resulting in discriminatory assessments have led to fear and mistrust towards Swedish authorities, leading caregivers to avoid seeking support. This avoidance from caregivers could potentially result in children persisting on criminal or deviant pathways. Therefore, the result warrants awareness of unequal or unjust assessments of caregiver engagement based on prejudice toward cultural and social stereotypes. Practically, this emphasizes the implementation of individualized interventions that promote open communication, trust, and intercultural learning.

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  • Jackson, Cody
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Conceptualizations of Naturalization by Swedish Political Elites: A poststructural discourse analysis2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through a critical analysis of ten Swedish parliamentary debates, this thesis investigates how Swedish naturalization is conceptualized by the Moderates, the Sweden Democrats, and the Social Democrats, which represent Swedish political elites and the broader category of Swedish political discourse. These conceptualizations are deduced through a systematic analysis which operationalizes concepts of support for multiculturalism, representations of citizenship, functions of naturalization, the lightening vs. strengthening trend in naturalization policy, and otherness. Furthermore, by applying a postructural constructivist perspective and conducting discourse analysis using the text dimension and discourse production dimension of Fairclough’s three dimensional model, this thesis contributes a modern contextualization of Swedish naturalization that future researchers can build upon in the rapidly developing area of Swedish naturalization. The value of this research is tied to the poststructural perspective that the production of discourse by political elites reflects and generates contextual meanings that have influence over naturalization decisions and policy.

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  • Zeeb, Hala
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Albonia, Ahmad
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Employees Wellbeing: Managers and Bus Drivers' Experience of the Effect of Emotional and Aesthetic Labor2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research identified a gap that is found in leadership research, where there is a lack of research covering the area of employees wellbeing. Therefore, this qualitative research examines the influence of emotional and aesthetic labor on the employees well-being of bus drivers. It delves into the viewpoints of both the drivers and managers of Sweden's transportation company. The research approach is influenced by the case study methodology, and data were collected through semi-structured interviews that enabled a thorough analysis of the complicated phenomenon. Through thematic analysis of the data, the theme that emerged aligned with Herzberg's two-factors theory. Therefore, applied as a general framework that structured the analysis and discussion without categorizing them as motivator-hygiene to avoid misinterpretation. The theme specifically addressed “company policies”, “training”, “work conditions”, “work itself”, “recognition”, “relationships”, “responsibilities”, and “development opportunities”. The key findings reveal significant differences between the bus drivers' experiences and the perceptions of their managers. Although managers recognize the significance of emotional and aesthetic labor, they frequently underestimate its influence on the well-being of drivers. Drivers express dissatisfaction with insufficient training and support, resulting in feelings of undervaluation and increased stress. The study highlights the importance of strong leadership in creating a positive work atmosphere, improving employee happiness, and achieving Sustainable Development Goals concerning, well-being, and decent work. This study enhances academic knowledge on employee well-being in the transportation industry and emphasizes the importance of practical implementation of specific interventions to enhance not only better payment, work conditions, and training, but also recognition, advancement opportunities, a supportive environment, clear policies, and work-life balance initiatives for bus drivers.

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  • Gazbeh, Matilda
    Krigstraumas effekter på integration: En intersektionell intervjustudie om PTSD, stigma och integration bland syriska flyktingar.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    In 2011, the war broke out in Syria, affecting a significant portion of the Syrian population. Many have been forced to flee the war in search of a safe and secure life. However, those who have left Syria have also left their loved ones behind and carry with them the traumas of war. The main purpose of this essay is to examine the challenges that Syrian refugees diagnosed with PTSD face when they arrive in Sweden. The essay is based on qualitative research methodology and semi-structured interviews with six Syrian refugees. The results of the essay identify the significance of war traumas for these refugees and their negative impact on their ability to integrate into Swedish society. The lack of access to specialized psychiatric care and communication barriers exacerbates the situation and emphasize the importance of a person-centered approach in healthcare.

    Gender differences are highlighted, where both men and women face unique challenges based on their cultural norms and experiences. Special emphasis is placed on the need for targeted interventions to address the needs of Syrian refugee women, who are at increased risk of gender-based violence and psychological distress.

     

    The essay contributes to a better understanding of the specific challenges that Syrian refugees with PTSD face in Sweden and underscores the importance of designing adequate support and care programs to meet their needs.

     

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  • de Diego Y Lubberts, Ana
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sjölin Skog, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Confused Teenager or Higher Purpose?: A qualitative study on leaders in Business Sweden making sense of leadership and sustainability in a hybrid organisation2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research provides insights into how leaders in hybrid organisations, like Business Sweden, interpret and make sense of institutional logic and sustainability complexities. The inherent complexity of hybrids poses greater challenges for leaders than single-sector organisations. This research aims to contribute knowledge to understanding leaders’ experiences in hybrids, particularly in addressing sustainability. Sustainability is a concept that is open to interpretation, and this research seeks to improve the lack of understanding about how leaders in hybrids navigate and make sense of sustainability, especially given the urgent need to address the apparent climate crisis. Such a knowledge gap hinders organisations from effectively utilising their leaders' experiences to enhance sustainability efforts and manage the complexities inherent in hybrid structures. The research adopts a qualitative approach grounded in social constructivism as a research philosophy. It employs a hermeneutic approach and thematic narrative analysis to present the findings. Through semi-structured interviews with leaders, the research finds that leaders encounter challenges in balancing dual institutional logics of their owners and aligning social missions with profit goals. Contrary to previous theories emphasising cultural complexity, leaders in this context primarily grapple with mission alignment. They use metaphors and personal stories to make sense of these challenges. Although sustainability is crucial for organisational legitimacy, leaders lack sufficient support and tools for effective implementation. Overall, leaders view the hybrid structure positively and closely align with the organisation's sustainability goals. However, all leaders need to personally embrace sustainability values rather than solely using them as a competitive advantage for the organisation to establish long-term sustainability efforts.

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  • Holm Persson, Annette
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Studie- och yrkesvägledning i ljuset av genomströmning2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine the relationship between primary school career guidance practices and student graduation rates. Primary schools lack systematic knowledge and statistical data at the unit level regarding students' outcomes after they leave school, despite being responsible for career guidance, students' decision-making competencies, and transitions.

    The data collection consists of two parts. The second part uses findins of the first part. The first part is a new descriptive statistical findings on the graduation rates of youths in municipal schools in Helsingborg, which has been developed and processed. The second part involves interviews conducted with school leaders and career counselors at four units based on the statistical material. Mixed methods were used as the methodology, and the interviews were analyzed thematically.

    In this specific context, it can be observed that those units with higher graduation rates also have practices aligned with previous research on success factors in career guidance.Graduation results are not tracked at the school units, even though graduation can be crucial for long-term labor market participation. This is based on the fact that none of the respondents have awareness of the students' graduation results. Furthermore, the schools have not specifically linked their career guidance efforts to students with low grade point averages, despite it being a crucial parameter for completing upper secondary education. However, all the investigated schools work compensatory education in various ways. These compensatory measures are primarily directed towards students with high absenteeism, low academic motivation, or students with foreign-born parents. Career guidance is described as partly dependent on individuals and thus unequal. Schools with high graduation rates have an effective division of responsibility, as well as practices and an approach that permeates the entire school. These schools have also coordinated and organized career guidance with stability among the teaching staff and school leadership, and they adopt a relationship-building approach towards students in need of compensatory measures.

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  • Ursu, Gabriela
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Glasmacher, Lucia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Evaluation of Strategic CSR from an Industry, Resource and Stakeholder Perspective: An Integrative Approach2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies in the EU face increasing challenges and pressures, especially with regulatory requirements like CSRD demanding significant responses. Integrating sustainability through strategic CSR can effectively embed sustainable practices into core operations. This study provides a rare integrative understanding by considering industry, resource, and stakeholder perspectives. Semi-structured interviews with employees in sustainability roles for 1-2 years in SMEs and large EU companies reveal internal and external drivers pushing companies towards sustainability, highlighting whether they adopt a proactive or reactive stance.

    Findings indicate that external drivers, such as regulatory mandates and stakeholder expectations, are significant catalysts for sustainability, emphasizing the importance of compliance and reputation. Internally, resource allocation and organizational culture are crucial, balancing financial considerations and fostering a sustainability-oriented mindset among employees. Companies with a stronger sustainable culture perceive internal drivers as more influential, aligning with a proactive CSR strategy. Additionally, the study highlights the critical role of stakeholder engagement in driving effective sustainability strategies. Companies that actively engage stakeholders and prioritize their needs demonstrate a higher commitment to sustainability, leading to enhanced reputational benefits and long-term value creation.

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  • Khatib, Rabaa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Mousafi Alasal, Chahed
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Design och Implementering av Lärmoment för Fouriertransform: Val av Pedagogiska Metoder och Utformning av Undervisningsmaterial2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis various teaching methods for instructing Fourier Transform have been compared and analyzed with the aim of creating new learning modules for the course DA383A. By examining both DA383A and similar courses at other institutions and collecting data and feedback from students and course coordinator, the specific requirements for teaching the subject have been identified. This was achieved through a literature review and two surveys, complemented by semi-structured interviews.

    As a result, new structured learning modules have been developed, including four lectures and two laboratory sessions, along with an overview of MATLAB functions used during the labs. In the design of these new learning modules, various pedagogical strategies have been considered to better meet the needs and expectations of the students. This includes the use of visual illustrations and digital tools to make explanations more accessible and facilitate students' practical application of theoretical concepts.

    The new learning modules were evaluated both through examination of the defined requirements and pedagogical methods, and through evaluation with both the course coordinator and students. The results indicate that the modules met the requirements and pedagogical methods, as well as the expectations of the course coordinator. Additionally, the students who conducted the laboratory sessions achieved accurate results and provided positive feedback on the learning modules. This indicates the effectiveness and relevance of the learning modules in improving teaching and supporting student learning. It can be concluded that the new structured learning modules have significantly contributed to the improvement of teaching Fourier Transform in the course DA383A.

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  • Puente Perez, Naiara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    “The Guantánamo Dilemma”  Human Rights vs National Security: the Impact of Presidential Rhetoric on Guantanamo Bay George W. Bush vs Barack Obama2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Guantanamo Bay detention facility has long been subject of controversy, particularly concerning the treatment of detainees and the balance between human rights considerations and national security. This thesis explores what role human rights concerns are given in the rhetoric of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama in the context of Guantanamo Bay. Specifically, it examines to what extent their rhetoric aligns with Rule of Law versus Realism argumentation. Through a qualitative content analysis, the research illustrates how the alignment to the different theoretical frameworks either prioritizes or neglects human rights concerns. The analysis shows that Obama´s rhetoric places a consistent emphasis on the Rule of Law principles, giving human rights concerns a more balanced role, whereas Bush had a stronger emphasis on Realism principles, giving less weight to human rights. The thesis suggests that future research could explore the implicit meanings embedded in presidential rhetoric and the possible consequences of the priorities they signal. 

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  • Zetterberg, Theodore
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Mathilda, Johansson
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    En kvalitativ studie om studiebesök i religionskunskapsundervisningen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study endeavors to delve into the utilization of field trips by secondary school teachers as an educational tool within religious education. Our aim is to explore teachers' approaches and attitudes towards both virtual and physical field trips in this context, filling a gap identified in existing research. Through a comprehensive review of national and international literature, it became evident that the teacher's perspective on this matter has been relatively understudied.

    To address this gap, qualitative interviews were conducted with teachers, either in-person at their school or via remote platforms like Zoom. The interviewed teachers were based in the southern region of Sweden, spanning both urban centers and rural areas. Our approach during interviews involved posing open-ended questions, providing teachers with the opportunity to freely articulate their perspectives, ensuring an authentic expression of their opinions.

    The interview results highlighted a wide array of factors influencing the utilization of field trips by teachers in their educational practices. It became apparent that both physical and virtual field trips present distinct advantages and challenges, with common as well as unique considerations identified by the teachers. While approaches to incorporating field trips varied among the educators, there was unanimous agreement on their value as a resource in religious education.

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    Mathilda Johansson Theodore Zetterberg
  • Cederquist, Tindra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Borglin, Mikaela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    "Vi försöker så gott vi kan": En studie om idrottslärares uppfattningar och utövanden av inkludering i undervisningen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on how inclusion is exercised in physical education (PE) states that students often feel left out and teachers perceive they don't acquire the necessary knowledge regarding how to include students with impairments. In turn this creates a dilemma for the teachers to find a balance between adapting the course content to suit the students individual needs but also to give the class, as a whole, an equivalent education. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse how Swedish PE teachers, in primary and upper secondary school, work with and interpret how inclusion can be understood and practised. Through the use of qualitative interviews of 5 PE teachers, from different parts of Sweden, this study answers two questions: how do the PE teachers work with inclusion? and how do they interpret the notion of inclusion? Through the use of digital and in-person interviews the answers were transcribed and analysed with the use of the dilemma perspective: a dilemma between individual adaptation and the overall course goals. The perspective is used to understand if the dilemma can be seen in how the PE teachers explain how they work with and interpret inclusion. The results showed that the PE teachers recognized that there is a dilemma, though the dilemma is based upon many different aspects. Such as the size of the class, the resources at hand and the help from colleagues and special needs assistants. How the teachers practice inclusion was therefore also based upon the aspects written above. Further, in regards to the question about how they interpret the notion of inclusion, they all concluded how it is a complex concept and includes a lot of different aspects to how it is supposed to be exercised. Together with how many of them felt they did not receive adequate PE education about how to work with inclusion in a practical way. Moreover, every participant agreed that the way the school legislation describes the demands of inclusion is detached from reality, so much so the teachers felt they could not live up to the demands, because of the dilemma, but that they did as well as they could. In conclusion this study brings forth how Swedish PE teachers conduct and practises inclusion in their lessons, based upon a lot of different aspects, but all in line with what inclusion means to the teachers. The participants also recognize the dilemma with finding a balance between individual adaptation and course content for the class as a whole. Together with an agreement from all participants that the Swedish school legislation demands regarding inclusion is an impossible demand.  

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    Tindra Cederquist Mikaela Borglin
  • Hassel, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Jacobsson, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Studie- och yrkesvägledare – mötet mellan profession och organisation: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur mötet påverkar studie- och yrkesvägledarens yrkesidentitet2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Professionen för studie- och yrkesvägledning är en välfärdsprofession som samverkar med andra professioner på fältet. Yrkesrollen kan därför se mycket olika ut beroende på var verksamheten befinner sig och i vilken organisation en tillhör. För att utveckla professionen så att verksamheten uppnår de mål som är menade att balansera individens karriär och yrkesval i samhället, får studenter under utbildningen med sig en socialisering som ska bidra till professionens professionalisering. Denna socialisering kan upplevas tuff i mötet med praktiken eftersom studenterna redan har en föreställning av sin framtida yrkesidentitet. De etiska koderna blir en gemenskap mellan studie- och yrkesvägledarna på kompetensfältet men är osynliga för många av de andra professionerna. Hur stort ditt nätverk är inom din verksamhet eller organisation kan variera mycket. Organisationer styrs av politik, ekonomi ur en helhetssyn. Organisationen har därför en egen kultur och värderingar. Med dessa förutsättningar ingår en nödvändig förhandling om både professionell plats och ett synliggörande av studie- och yrkesvägledarens kompetens och arbetsfördelning ut i arbetslivet. Denna spänning mellan profession och praktik leder alltså till en förhandling mellan etiska koder och kompetensfältets spelregler. Genom en kvalitativ undersökning synliggör vi yrkesidentiteten genom den process som följer den dynamik som individen upplever på sin karriärbana på kompetensfältet. 

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  • Gummesson, Ebba
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Paulsson, Klara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Mörka områden för en ljusare framtid: Kommunal implementering och bevarande av mörka områden till fördel för biologisk mångfald2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The threat to biological diversity keeps increasing with urbanization. One consequence of life in the city is the light pollution caused by artificial light at night (ALAN). To mitigate the negative effects of light pollution on humans and biodiversity, darkness can be used as a resource in urban planning. This study aims to explore what Swedish municipalities see as opportunities and obstacles in integrating dark areas into urban planning to preserve biodiversity. Furthermore, the study aims to explore what measures are needed to overcome identified obstacles. Through a combination of semi-structured interviews with people who work with lighting in five Swedish municipalities and content analysis of the selected municipalities' lighting programs, the study identifies factors that influence the work with dark areas. The issue is complex as many aspects must constantly be weighed against each other when making decisions about lighting. The study found that citizens' demand for lighting from a safety point of view combined with a lack of knowledge can stand in the way of implementing dark areas. Education for citizens and employees, cooperation within and between authorities and municipalities, as well as national guidelines are measures that enable working with darkness. These measures are dependent on further research in the field, from a holistic perspective. The study contributes insights that can guide future urban planning and lighting strategies to promote a balance between human needs for light and conserving biodiversity.

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  • Zuniga, Julia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Skogulf Björnskär, Klara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Skönlitteraturens plats i svenskämnet: En WPR-analys om diskursiva förskjutningar i den nya läroplanen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Klara Skogulf Björnskär Julia Zuniga
  • Alic, Elma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Persson, Emma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Många vita, västerländska män: En kritisk diskursanalys av upplysningen i tre läroböcker för gymnasiet2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom kritisk diskursanalys syftar det föreliggande examensarbetet till att undersöka hur den litteraturhistoriska epoken upplysningen framställs i tre läroböcker som riktar sig till de studieförberedande programmen i gymnasieskolan. Syftet är vidare att undersöka i vilken utsträckning läroböckerna har en didaktisk potential att utveckla elevers kritiska förmåga. Resultatet visar att såväl urval som innehåll i de analyserade läroböckerna domineras av vita, västerländska manliga författare. Resultatet visar vidare att läromedelsförfattarnas framställning av materialet tyder på en låg didaktisk potential att utveckla en kritisk förmåga. Slutligen visar analysen att uppgifterna i de valda läroböckerna präglas av utvecklingen av formaliserade, textbaserade färdigheter eller uppgifter som relaterar till elevernas erfarenheter och personliga utveckling. Eleverna erbjuds således inte möjligheten att kritiskt ifrågasätta innehållet. Genom den kritiska diskursanalysen har vi identifierat att den didaktiska potentialen att utveckla en kritisk förmåga är låg i samtliga av de analyserade läroböckerna.

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    Elma Alic Emma Persson
  • Jonsson, Clara
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Bäck Wilhelmsson, Fanny-Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    SYV i fokus: Mellanstadielärarnas uppfattningar, synpunkter och behov2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien tar upp problematiken kring studie- och yrkesvägledning som hela skolans ansvar. Då forskarna uppfattat att vägledningen ofta nedprioriteras i de skolor som inte har någon anställd vägledare, blev ämnet studie- och yrkesvägledning som hela skolans ansvar på mellanstadiet intressant att utforska.

    Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur mellanstadielärare ser på studie- och yrkesvägledning i undervisningen som en del av hela skolans ansvar. Med grund i kommunala styrdokument diskuterar vi hur detta påverkas. De frågor som besvaras i studien är: Hur ser mellanstadielärare på sin roll och ansvar för att främja elevernas valkompetens genom studie- och yrkesvägledning i klassrumsmiljön i förhållande till aktuella kommunala styrdokument? Har lärarna behov av stöd för att tillgodose skollag och läroplan gällande studie- och yrkesvägledning? Vilka är dessa isåfall?

    De teoretiska begrepp forskarna utgått ifrån var symbolisk interaktionism, roller, handlingshorisonter samt habitus. Med hjälp av dessa kunde resultatet analyseras utifrån hur den sociala interaktionen mellan kollegor samt kunskap kan påverka arbetet med studie- och yrkesvägledning. Genom den kvalitativa metoden kunde forskarna använda semistrukturerade intervjuer där informanterna tilläts berätta sina uppfattningar.

    Resultatet av de intervjuer som genomfördes innebar i sin helhet en kunskapsbrist. Kunskap om vad studie- och yrkesvägledning innebär och hur det kan implementeras i mellanstadiet. Forskarna drar slutsatser om lärarutbildning, kommun och ledning som bristande.

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  • Serifler, Kerim
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Nilsson, Sebastian
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    ”Elever hatar inte att läsa, de hatar böckerna lärarna väljer”: En kvalitativ studie om elevers erfarenheter av läsmotivation2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Kerim Serifler Sebastian Nilsson
  • Bibaj, Florentina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Motori Luma, Xhenet
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Studie och yrkesvägledning för integration: Strategier och insatser för nyanlända2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete behandlar problematiken av vägledning där nyanlända kräver mer tid och fler insatser för att individer ska kunna utveckla kunskaper om ett nytt utbildningssystem och arbetsliv. Syftet med undersökningen är att utforska och förstå de strategier och insatser som används för att underlätta integrationen av nyanlända. Undersökningen syftar även på hur studie-och yrkesvägledare arbetar med de olika strategierna och insatser för att stödja nyanlända i deras integrationsprocess. Undersökningen riktar fokus mot både studie- och yrkesvägledare och nyanlända. Frågeställningarna i undersökningen är därför:  Vilka strategier och insatser tillämpar studie- och yrkesvägledare i sin interaktion med nyanlända under vägledning för att främja deras integration? På vilket sätt upplever de nyanlända de strategier och insatser som studie- och yrkesvägledare använder under vägledningen? Analysen utgår från olika teorier, bland annat Careership, Systems Theory Framework, Career Management Skills, Social Cognitive Career Theory där begreppen handlingshorisont, brytpunkt, habitus, fält och socialt kapital lyfts fram. Utifrån åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra studie- och yrkesvägledare och fyra nyanlända visar resultatet att strategier och insatser med koppling till vägledning, förkunskaper, validering, stereotypiska val, nätverk samt språk har visat sig vara centrala för att nyanlända enklare ska integreras. 

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  • Osmani, Lirim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Lärares upplevelser av utmaningar i religionskunskapsundervisningen kopplat till olika ramfaktorer.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utmaningar är något som lärare upplever dagligen i sitt yrke. Dessa utmaningar utspelar sig oftast i klassrummet och kan innebära allt från hur till exempel ett kunskapsinnehåll ska läras ut till elever eller hur elever ska bemötas. Denna studie handlar om hur några verksamma SO- och religionskunskapslärare på gymnasiet och grundskolan upplever utmaningar i sin undervisning i förhållande till ramfaktorer så som läroplan, elevmångfald, timplan och känsliga ämnen. Studien bygger på kvalitativa intervjuer gjorda med fyra lärare. Respondenternas tal har analyserats med hjälp av ramfaktorteorin för att förstå hur de resonerar om sina utmaningar men också för att visa vilken nivå utmaningarna kommer från. Ur reslutatet har olika identifierats och kategoriserats som didaktiska, pedagogiska och organisatoriska. Slusatsen i denna studie kommer att visa att de utmaningar som de intervjuade lärarna upplever uppstår när olika ramfaktorer samspelar med varandra.

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    Lirim Osmani
  • Skenderi, Besa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Ucar, Josefine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Representation av nyreligiösa rörelser i religionsläroböcker2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi upplever att det finns en brist på forskning om nyreligiösa rörelser i läroböcker. Denna brist gör vårt arbete särskilt relevant för att fylla tomrummet. Genom att bygga vidare på befintlig forskning och identifiera nya vägar, hoppas vi kunna bidra till en bättre förståelse för hur nyreligiösa rörelser presenteras och förmedlas i läroböcker. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur nyreligiösa rörelser framställs i läroböcker och hur stort utrymme de får i de utvalda läroböckerna för religionskunskap 2 på gymnasiet. Arbetet kommer att besvara följande frågeställningar: Hur framställs nyreligiösa rörelser i de utvalda läroböckerna? Hur stort utrymme får de nyreligiösa rörelserna i de utvalda läroböckerna i förhållande till bokens omfång? Hur förhåller sig framställningen om nyreligiösa rörelser i läromedelsböckerna till de centrala målen i religionskunskap 2?  

    För att besvara frågeställningarna har vi använt oss av en kritisk diskursanalys som metod, vilket innebär att vi undersöker maktstrukturer och sociala strukturer som reproduceras i texterna. Vi genomför både en kvalitativ och kvantitativ analys där vi identifierar tematiska ord och mäter hur stort utrymme nyreligiösa rörelser får i läroböckerna. Studiens resultat visar att nyreligiösa rörelser porträtteras stereotypt i läroböckerna och tilldelas begränsat utrymme i förhållande till böckernas totala omfång. Dessutom visar resultatet att framställningen av dessa rörelser delvis förhåller sig till det centrala innehållet, men på ett ytligt och grundläggande sätt.

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    Besa Skenderi Josefine Ucar
  • Turner, Mia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Var är barnperspektivet?: En narrativ studie om utomhuspedagogik2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att med en narrativ metod få fram vilka teman som förekommer i pedagogers berättelse om utomhuspedagogik, vilka variationer som finns och barnperspektivets plats i narrativen. Tidigare forskning belyser främst fördelarna med utomhuspedagogik för barnens lärande och utveckling, men denna studie ämnar tillföra något nytt till forskningen om utomhuspedagogik. Med narrativ teori, metod och analys, tillsammans med begreppet barnperspektiv, har fyra intervjuer delats in i olika teman.

    Resultatet visar att det förekommer variationer i pedagogers narrativ kring arbetssätt, filosofier, förhållningssätt och undervisning. Utöver detta saknas ofta barnperspektivet i de olika narrativ som förekommer.

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  • Hedergård, Louise
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Brante, Ellinor
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Vad är vägledning?: Hur präglas förväntningar av tidigare erfarenheter?2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om skillnader i vägledning mellan olika länder, närmare bestämt uppfattningen om vad vägledning innebär och vad en vägledare arbetar med. Intresset för ämnet har uppstått när vi författare har varit i kontakt med personer som kommer från andra länder än Sverige, som uttryckt en okunskap om vår utbildning och vägledarprofessionen. Utifrån egna erfarenheter samt tidigare forskning inom ämnet har vi förstått att definitionen av vägledning och vägledare skiljer sig åt mellan olika länder och kontexter och att både vägledning och rådgivning förekommer som benämning av yrket. Det blir därför intressant att undersöka hur tidigare erfarenheter av vägledning kan påverka förväntningarna på kommande vägledning.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur individers tidigare erfarenheter av vägledning kan påverka förväntningarna på vägledningssamtalet i ett nytt land samt vilka utmaningar dessa förväntningar kan skapa i vägledningssammanhang. För detta har lämpliga frågeställningar formulerats. Studien har genomförts genom en kvalitativ undersökning i form av intervjuer med individer som tagit del av vägledning både i Sverige och utomlands, samt vägledare som arbetar med dessa individer.

    De teoretiska begrepp som används för att analysera resultatet är främst Systems Theory Framework av Patton & McMahon. Även Bourdieus begrepp: habitus samt ekonomiskt-, socialt-, och kulturellt kapital används i studiens analys. Resultatet av studien visar hur förväntningarna på vägledning främst handlar om information och rådgivning. De förväntningar som finns på samtalen grundar sig enligt de sökande främst i okunskap om system som finns i ett nytt land medan vägledarna även identifierar influenser som grundar sig i ekonomi och familj. Resultatet visar även att framför allt sökande som befinner sig i ett nytt land definierar begreppet vägledning snarare som rådgivning.

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  • Awais, Ayat
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med narkotikamissbruk: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS ERFARENHETER AV ATT VÅRDA PATIENTER MED NARKOTIKAMISSBRUK EN LITTERATURSTUDIE

    AYAT AWAIS Awais A. Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med narkotikamissbruk. En litteraturstudie. Examensarbete i omvårdnad 15 högskolepoäng. Malmö Universitet: Fakulteten för Hälsa och Samhälle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap, 2024. Bakgrund: Narkotikamissbruk är en utmaning som belastar sjukvården. Patienters fysiska och psykiska välbefinnande kan försämras av narkotikamissbruk. Patienter med narkotikamissbruk hamnar ofta i kontakt med sjukvården för att bli av med beroendet eller för andra somatiska besvär. Narkotikamissbruk är dock ett hälsoproblem som påverkar sjuksköterskors vårdarbete negativt. Då sjuksköterskor har en viktig roll och en viktig funktion för patienten och dess väg till en bättre hälsa, behövs det mer kunskaper inom området. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med narkotikamissbruk. Metod: Studien var en litteraturstudie baserad på tio kvalitativa artiklar. Sökning av resultats artiklar genomfördes i både databaser CINAHL och PubMed. Resultat: Resultatet av studienvisade att sjuksköterskor upplevde olika utmaningar i vårdarbete med patienter med narkotikamissbruk samt att sjuksköterskor upplevde sig ha fördomar mot denna patientgrupp. Resultatet visade även på vikten av kunskap om narkotikamissbruk och stöd i vårdandet av patienter med narkotikamissbruk. Konklusion: Det förekommer negativa attityder bland sjuksköterskor mot denna patientgrupp. Vårdrelation mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter ska bygga på tillit. Sjuksköterskor har en viktig funktion och behöver utgå från den etiska plikten för att hjälpa patienter med narkotikamissbruk. Rätt utbildning och stöd är viktiga grunder i sjuksköterskors arbete. Tydliga riktlinjer och rutiner är viktiga i omvårdnadsarbete med patienter med narkotikamissbruk.  

     Nyckelord: erfarenheter, narkotikamissbruk, patient, sjuksköterskor, vård 

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  • Holmberg, Julia
    et al.
    Bedö, Hanna
    Att möta individen: En kvalitativ studie om studie- och yrkesvägledning av studenter med NPF-diagnoser inom högre utbildning 2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet personer som diagnostiseras med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar (NPF) blir idag allt fler. Även inom högre utbildning ökar antalet personer med dessa diagnoser. Flera studier visar att de klarar studierna sämre, och att de känner sig mindre hemma inom högre utbildning. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur studie- och yrkesvägledare (SYV) i den snäva vägledningen arbetar med studenter med NPF, samt vilka kunskaper de har om NPF och hur de gått till väga för att förvärva dessa. För att ta reda på detta formulerades de två frågorna Hur goda kunskaper upplever SYV att de har kring NPF? Hur har de förvärvat dessa? samt Vilka tillvägagångssätt använder SYV i den snäva vägledningen i samtal med studenter med NPF-diagnoser?. Den teoretiska förankringen görs i Lärandets tre dimensioner samt i Social Cognitive Career Theory och Tillgänglighetsmodellen. De två senare omarbetas till den konceptuella modellen Förutsättningar för utveckling och lärande. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats, och har gjorts med hjälp av sju strukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna gjordes med SYV:ar inom högre utbildning. Studiens resultat är att majoriteten av intervjupersonerna upplever sina kunskaper om NPF-diagnoser som goda, eller åtminstone tillräckliga för att utföra uppdraget. Kunskaperna kommer från många håll, såsom närstående med NPF-diagnoser, SYVutbildningen, fortbildningar, eget läsande samt arbetslivserfarenheter. Vidare använder sig intervjupersonerna av ett antal olika verktyg för att vägleda studenter med NPF-diagnoser. Dessa innefattar bland annat pedagogiska verktyg såsom visuella hjälpmedel samt extra tydlighet i kommunikation och samtalsform. Flera framhåller vikten av att se individens behov snarare än dennes diagnos.

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  • Niesel Jönsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Classon, Mathilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Påbyggnadens utmaningar och lösningar2024Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current trend of urbanization is more complex than before. The Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning states that migration to cities will continue to increase, while the rural population remains the same. The reason for this population growth in cities is related to refugee immigration. The increasing city population also leads to lack of housing and other buildings, which in turn requires innovative solutions to meet demand. An alternative to using underdeveloped land is to maximize the use of existing structures by vertical extension. Superstructures offer an opportunity to increase the city's housing supply without expanding the city's geographical area. In order to gain a deeper understanding of these technical challenges associated with superstructures, a qualitative study is being conducted. The purpose is to investigate and analyze how the load-bearing structure and foundation have been managed in practice in various case study subjects, as well as to explore the perspectives and guidelines from authorities such as The Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning and municipalities. The main method used in the work has been semistructured interviews. The people who have been interviewed include several different actors such as construction engineer, contractors, a geotechnician and representatives from various authorities. The findings indicate that the load-bearing capacity of the existing building is crucial for the feasibility of an extension. The necessity for reinforcement measures varies depending on the structural characteristics and functions of the existing building. Strengthening the building's structure, using various methods, was necessary in all examined cases, while foundation reinforcement was required in only half of the cases, and was then carried out using various types of piling. All extensions have been constructed with a lightweight structure. The results of the study can be viewed as guiding recommendations for future extension projects. A key conclusion is that all existing buildings require some form of structural reinforcement. Furthermore, the results indicate a preference for a lightweight vertical extension construction to minimize impact on the existing building. An important recommendation, for a successful project, is to maintain continuous dialogue between construction engineer and contractor throughout the project. Although there are currently no specific legal requirements or regulations governing vertical extensions, the results show that municipalities have a strong focus on urban densification. This includes the potential for vertical extensions to increase housing density and utilize existing resources more efficiently. Additionally, The Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning strives to promote principles of circular economy, which involve increased utilization of existing buildings and materials in future construction projects. This work will analyze four completed extensions and two extensions that, for various reasons, have not been carried out. Only office buildings, parking structures, and residential buildings will be studied. This work will not focus on the economic aspect or environmental aspects but solely on the technical characteristics.

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    Påbyggnadens utmaningar och lösningar
  • Kopp, Felicia Mercedes
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Harassment in Video Games: An Observational Study in an Online Multiplayer Video Game on Frequency, Categories, and Targets2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Harassment is defined and labelled differently in different studies. In the context of video games it has been investigated multiple ways: diary studies, interviews, surveys and screen recordings. Methods: Video data through participating observation were conducted from the end of February 2024 to the beginning of April 2024. A total of 24 matches, with 219 participants, were recorded. The questions of how often harassment occurs, which of the five defined types of harassment occur, whether there are differences between game modes, what differences there are in terms of the reaction to harassment, and whether there are gender differences in terms of the victims, were investigated. Results: One third of the matches contained harassment. Offensive harassment occurred most frequently, with harassment occurring more frequently in competitive game mode and demonstrating a wider range of harassment. In most cases, harassment is focussed either on the player's own team or on the opposing team. The range of harassment within a team is also greater than when harassment is directed at the opposing team. In competitive game mode, harassment is mainly focussed on the own team. Conclusions: The results of the study support the findings of other studies. They also indicate that harassment in video games should be investigated with a larger number of influencing factors. In particular, the methodology used closes a research gap and could ensure a better insight into the different types of harassment without collecting the data through third parties and thus presumably causing bias.

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  • Christiansen, Melanie Aviles Morales
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Phillips, Aviaja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    A Hidden Gateway To The Child’S Bedroom: A Qualitative Study Examining The Characteristics Of Online Grooming And Current Initiatives To Protect Minors In Denmark2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    While the Internet has provided numerous positive opportunities for networking and connection, its borderless nature has also posed significant challenges, including Online Grooming. This study aims to elucidate initiatives for safeguarding minors online and enhance protective measures, by exploring the phenomenon of Online Grooming. It will focus on the characteristics of Online Grooming, victim dynamics, combating measures, and cross-sectoral collaboration within a Danish context. To achieve this, semi-structured interviews were conducted across sectors with 13 professionals selected based on their expertise in either the age group (12-15 years) or the concept of Online Grooming. Thematic analysis was applied in order to obtain a thorough understanding of the phenomenon, and guided by the theoretical frameworks of Routine Activity theory and Shattered Assumptions theory. The empirical findings of this study provided insights to the characteristics of modus operandi and the consequences hereof. Furthermore, the empirical findings of this study revealed correlation between personal vulnerability factors and the characteristics of the age group as risk factors for victimization. This study also underscored a need for an improved systematized and formalized collaboration across sectors to effectively combat Online Grooming, while also cautiously considering the focus of the preventative and reactive initiatives. Finally, the results indicated an emphasis on parental collaboration and involvement as a part of the protective measures. This study and its findings contribute to a better understanding of the complexities of Online Grooming, which can be of relevance for policy implications in continuing the protection of minors online. 

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  • Løschenkohl, Frederikke Bolvig
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Digital violence in intimate partner relationships: A qualitative study of women's experiences with digital violence and its impact on breaking free from the violence2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's interconnected world, digital communication has fundamentally transformed social interactions and intimate relationships. Paradoxically, while advancements in digital tools and technology promote connectivity, they have also been repurposed as instruments of abuse in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV). This study aims to explore the experiences of women subjected to digital violence during and after their relationships, examining its impact on their ability to break free from the violence. Employing a qualitative approach, the research utilizes semi-structured interviews with eight women who have experienced IPV, including digital violence. Thematic analysis reveals that digital violence is predominantly experienced as a form of pervasive control, with abusers adapting their tactics post-separation to maintain influence through digital means. The findings highlight the dual role of technology in IPV; while it can be a tool of control, it also offers avenues for empowerment and resistance. This study underscores the need for nuanced support strategies that address the complexities of digital abuse and the continuous evolution of digital tools. It calls for ongoing research and adaptation in support systems and legal frameworks to effectively protect and empower victims. By contributing valuable insights into the dynamics of digital violence in IPV, particularly within the Danish context, this research emphasizes the critical need for comprehensive approaches to address all forms of IPV. 

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  • Holmqvist NIlsson, Hampus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Erik
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Förändring av utbildningskraven för fastighetsmäklare: En djupgående analys av fastighetsbranschens aktörers resonemang bakom högre respektive lägre utbildningskrav i Sverige, Spanien och Polen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Change of educational requirements for real estate agents - An in-depth analysis of real estate industries actors reasoning behind higher and lower educational requirements in Sweden, Spain and Poland

    Level: Bachelor's Thesis in Real Estate Science

    Authors: Erik Andersson & Hampus Holmqvist Nilsson

    Supervisor: Sylwia Lindqvist

    Date: June 2024

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to contribute to an increased understanding of the motives and reasoning behind different countries' decisions regarding stricter or more lenient educational requirements to obtain a license/registration within the real estate industry. The goal is to identify patterns and trends of the changes that have occurred to create a holistic picture of real estate education and professional regulations.

    Method: This study has employed a qualitative research method with an inductive approach, with semi-structured interviews and secondary data as the information collection methods. A purposive sampling was used to select interviewees.

    Results: The results indicate that the reasons for increased educational requirements may be a stronger consumer protection and enhanced professional status, both nationally and internationally. However, cultural and structural differences between countries affect whether these goals can be achieved, which in turn makes a universal system seem unlikely.

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  • Boutrik, Lydia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Generational Differences in Risk And Protective Factors of Juvenile Delinquency Among Immigrant Youth: A Scoping Literature Review2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scoping review examines the risk and protective factors associated with delinquency among immigrant youth, with a focus on generational differences. The immigrant paradox and cultural factors like assimilation, ethnic identity, and acculturation are used as a theoretical framework to explore and analyze potential influences on delinquent behavior across generations. The review employed a comprehensive search strategy across multiple databases to identify relevant peer-reviewed studies. After screening against predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria, 43 studies conducted in Western countries were included for data extraction and synthesis. Findings indicate that cultural factors like strong ethnic identity, family cohesion, and adherence to traditional values act as protective factors against delinquency for first-generation youths. However, as immigrants assimilate across generations, a decline in these protective factors coupled with increased exposure to risks like poverty, discrimination, and weakening of parental authority contributes to higher delinquency rates among later generations. The review synthesizes evidence from the included studies, providing insights into the complex interplay of risk and protective factors influencing this phenomenon and opening discussion about implications for culturally-sensitive interventions and future research.

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  • Persson, Augusta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Grekula, Malou
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sandström, Emma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bevarandeinsatser för biologisk mångfald i Sverige: Faktorer som formar projekt och program samt strategier för optimering och förbättring2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The accelerating species extinction, caused by human activity, threatens to eliminate 50 % of all biodiversity, risking an ecological collapse. Biodiversity is critical for ecosystem stability and human survival, making conservation efforts crucial. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Swedish authorities, zoos, and non-profit organizations are working in various ways to preserve endangered species. This study aims to identify factors influencing the success of conservation projects and how these can be improved. The methodology included semi-structured interviews focusing on project organization, collaboration and outcomes. The results indicate that a long-term and balanced strategy is necessary for effective conservation actions. Financial challenges are prominent, with resource shortages affecting the prioritization and implementation of measures. Collaborations between different stakeholders are crucial but often lacking, leading to inefficient distribution of resources and expertise. Despite efforts to secure funding, significant resource gaps remain, impacting the sustainability and effectiveness of projects. To optimize conservation efforts, stable funding, capacity building, effective planning and monitoring, and strong collaboration between various stakeholders are required. By addressing these factors, conservation projects can achieve their goals and contribute to protecting biodiversity for future generations.

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  • Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bodhamre, Jonna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Faktorer bakom lågt intresse för miljöledningssystem i svenska små och medelstora företag: Hur kan förenklade miljöledningssystem bemöta dessa faktorer?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental issues have become increasingly important in politics, and society tend to demand that companies adapt their products and work with environmental issues. This is particularly true for small businesses, which constitute a majority of companies and therefore have a significant impact on environmental problems. An instrument that companies can use to reduce their negative environmental impact is an environmental management system (hereafter abbreviated MLS in the study). The most established MLS are ISO standards such as ISO 14001 and EMAS, but these can be resource-intensive and complex to understand and implement, which can be a challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises. To facilitate the implementation of an MLS for small and medium-sized enterprises, simplified MLS have been developed.

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze how simplified MLS can facilitate the implementation of an MLS for small businesses in a Swedish context. The research questions addressed are what organizational factors can hinder small businesses from implementing an MLS, and how simplified MLS can be a tool to address these factors.

    The results of the study indicate that one of the factors that can hinder small businesses from implementing an EMS (Environmental Management System) is resource constraints. Small businesses may have limited resources in terms of time, money, and personnel, which can make it difficult to carry out a comprehensive implementation of EMAS or ISO 14001. Simplified EMSs such as SUSA-miljöbas provide a solution to this problem by offering a more tailored and accessible method for small businesses to implement an environmental management system. These simplified EMSs are more streamlined and focus on the most critical aspects of environmental management, making it more affordable for small businesses to adopt and maintain. Another factor deterring small businesses from implementing an EMS is a lack of knowledge and understanding of the long-term benefits, such as reduced costs and active participation in the circular economy. Furthermore, the results of the study indicate that external pressures often play a crucial role for companies when it comes to the decision of adopting an EMS.

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  • Gabrielsson, Julia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Trevik, Cajsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Att vägleda för livet: En kvalitativ studie om det livslånga lärandet inom gymnasieskolans vägledningsarbete2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur vägledare arbetar för att ge elever stöd i deras livslånga lärande samt att identifiera vilka färdigheter som de upplever behövs för att stärka personlig utveckling och därmed förmågan att hantera vår föränderliga omvärld. Med de samhällsförändringar som skett under senare decennier har människors livsvillkor förändrats; vilket lett till att det numera ställs högre krav på att enskilda individer tar ansvar för sina liv men också på att vägledning bedrivs på ett sådant sätt att den tillhandahåller individer stöd. Med detta som bakgrund avser studien att undersöka tre frågeställningar vilka handlar om hur vägledare på gymnasienivå upplever elevers behov av livslångt lärande, hur de arbetar för att stärka detta samt vilka färdigheter som de anser att elever behöver för att stärka det livslånga lärandet. Denna studie antar en kvalitativ metod samt analyserar empiriskt material genom en innehållsanalys som har sin utgångspunkt i två socialkonstruktivistiska perspektiv vilka är Life-design och Planned Happenstance. Det empiriska materialet samlades in genom intervjuer och urvalet bestod av sex utbildade vägledare som arbetade inom gymnasieskolans verksamhet. I studiens resultat framkom det att vägledarna upplevde att elever hade ett ökat behov av vägledning - som tillhandahöll stöd i det livslånga lärandet - men också att det fanns ett samband mellan personlig utveckling och lärande genom hela livet. Således handlade det ökade behovet om att elever behöver utvecklas personligen för att hantera vår omvärld men också att det kunde bli svårt att uppnå på grund av vägledningens förutsättningar.

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  • Jönsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Theodor, Windhblad
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Färgblandning med LED-ljus2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stroboskoptiska sirener använder en kombination av ljus och ljudsignalerför att förmedla information till användaren om en viss situation eller före-liggande fara. Produkten kan kommunicera information med hjälp av ljusmed ett antal olika färger, skapat av LED-dioder. Genom ökande av an-talet färger kan även mängden information som produkten kan förmedlaöka. Med LED-dioder av färgerna RGB (Röd-Grön-Blå) möjliggörs ska-pandet av alla nyanser inom det synliga spektrumet. Metoden kallas föradditiv färgblandning och används vanligen inom belysningsindustrin. Medmetoden kommer utmaningar. Dioderna måste placeras med ett exceptio-nellt kort avstånd jämte varandra för att blanda ljusstrålarna och skapaen homogen ljusbild. Det korta avståndet är kostsamt att uppnå, vilketresulterar i att yttre områden i ljusbilden har individuellt synliga färger.Dessa genomträngande färger, färgskuggor, ger upphov till ett inhomogentljus. Speciellt är detta synligt när alla tre färger lyser för att skapa vitt ljus.Det finns olika metoder för att underlätta den additiva färgblandningenfrån LED-dioder för att öka homogeniteten i ljuset. Exempel på meto-der för att uppnå homogenitet är med optiska geometriska linser, materialmed Scattered photon extraction technique (SPE) och reflektorer. Studienomfattar framtagning, testning och utvärdering av koncept från dessa tremetodkategorier. Lösningarna är testade och utvärderade utifrån påverkanpå synlig ljusbild, påverkan på ljusintensitet mätt med luxmätning och på-verkan på färgbilden med navigering i CIE-diagram. Studien visade att enavsevärd minskning av färgskuggor uppnåddes med två lager av SPE ma-terial. Liknande resultat uppnåddes med reflektorer, däremot minskade dåden upplysta arean. Två lager SPE material påverkade ljusintensiteten ne-gativt emedan reflektorer ökade ljusintensiteten. Geometriska linser gav ettmindre fördelaktigt resultat. De uppvisande tydlig dispersion av färgernaoch uppkomst av rutmönster i ljusbilderna

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  • Madsen Hult, Denise
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Curating the Past for a United Future: Contemporary Canonization in Sweden2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Canons have been constructed for nearly 2000 years, providing collections of great works throughout history. With roots embedded in religious texts, canons today still exist with an aura of authority. In the fall of 2022, the Swedish government agreed to construct a national canon of culture. The ambition is for the canon to act as a social glue, creating a shared sense of unity. Within the next few years, there will be a list of what Swedish works of art are deemed essential to the country's cultural history. The decision was inspired by a similar canon constructed in Denmark in 2006; one that is mostly forgotten about today.

    Looking at the significance and inherent meanings of political efforts to use culture as a tool to unite a nation, this thesis presents a qualitative critical discourse analysis of the topic, using theories on collective memory, cultural hegemony, and theoretical approaches to canonisation. The objects of analysis consist of a radio segment, a debate article, and a visual novella; all of which were published within a few months after the decision was announced. The commitment to construct the canon has been met with criticism, partly stemming from the lack of impact the initiative had in Denmark. However, the focal point of criticism presented in the discourse analysis stems from the intentions behind the decision, as well as resistance against instrumentalization of culture.

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  • Blazic, Tjasa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    ''No one should become ill, be injured or die at work'': A qualitative study of fatal occupatioanal harms in the Swedish construction industry.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fatal occupational harms have profound and far-reaching impacts, extendingbeyond the directly affected workers. These incidents often result from violationsof occupational health and safety regulations, particularly in the constructionindustry—a crucial driver of the global economy characterized by its dynamicwork environment. Despite their significant impact, occupational harms rarelyreceive public attention and are seldom discussed within criminological discourse.However, the prevention of occupational harm is mandated by law, highlightingtheir nature as higlhy preventable. This study investigates fatal occupationalharms in the Swedish construction industry, focusing on the enforcementmeasures employed by occupational health and safety inspectors. It aims to assessthe impact of these measures on achieving compliance and to identify theunderlying factors contributing to these fatal incidents. Using qualitative contentanalysis, this pilot study examines a sample of 20 reported occupational harmswithin the construction industry reported to the Swedish Work EnvironmentAuthority. The analysis revealed that improvement notices are the most frequentlyused and impactful enforcement measure. Furthermore, a range of unsafe actionsand conditions were identified as underlying factors contributing to the fataloccupational harms reported. While preliminary, the findings provide valuableinsights that can inform more comprehensive future research. Treatingoccupational harm with the same seriousness as street-level crime incriminological discourse is essential for promoting corporate accountability,safeguarding worker well-being, and preserving community welfare. Thisapproach is crucial for enhancing occupational safety and preventing future harmin the construction industry.

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  • Wood, Sophie Claire
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Disablist Hate Crime: A Scoping Review of Current Research and Understandings2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This scoping review aimed to determine, what empirical research currently exists about disablist hate crimes, targeted violence and hostility and what gaps in research can be identified. Digital databases were examined to identify studies published in English from 2000 onwards. This field is new and emerging with most research from 2010 onwards. In total 48 studies were identified in the UK, Australia, Ireland, Norway, USA, Iceland, Spain and Sweden. The studies provide information on: the prevalence and experiences of disablist hate crime, sex-related offences, online hate speech, space and place, ‘mate crime’ and the reporting and responding to disablist hate crime. Despite disablist hate crimes being recognised by legislation, it has been found that it is still widely unprioritised compared to other protected characteristics. Further investigation into disablist hate crime is required to focus on disability-specific aspects of experiences

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  • Pallin, Maja
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Pettersson, Marika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Patientens upplevelse av tvångsåtgärder inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is a growing problem and can affect anyone during their lifetime. Patients under the Compulsory Psychiatric Care Act are cared for against their will and have their autonomy and integrity taken away. Coercive measures can have consequences for the patient's physical and mental health. Person-centered care is a central part of nursing in the psychiatric context, which includes communication and active participation. Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to shed light on patients' experiences of coercive measures within psychiatric inpatient care. Method: This qualitative literature study was based on twelve studies obtained from the databases PubMed, PsycInfo and CINAHL and analyzed with Popenoe et al. analysis method. Results: The patients' experience was presented in three categories - Loss of autonomy and integrity, Mental and physical suffering and Experience of gratitude and acceptance. Conclusion: The results show that the patient's overall had negative experiences of coercive measures and that their autonomy and integrity were taken away from them. The staff's behavior affected the experience both negatively and positively. The literature study showed that there is a need for improvements in the treatment of patients who need compulsory care and the importance of person-centered care.

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