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  • 71.
    Nystedt, Tanya Andersson
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Clin Sci Malmö, Social Med & Global Hlth, Malmö, Sweden..
    Svensson, Pia
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Clin Sci Malmö, Social Med & Global Hlth, Malmö, Sweden..
    Herder, Tobias
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Clin Sci Malmö, Social Med & Global Hlth, Malmö, Sweden..
    Asamoah, Benedict Oppong
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Clin Sci Malmö, Social Med & Global Hlth, Malmö, Sweden..
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS). Halmstad Univ, Sch Hlth & Welf, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Agardh, Anette
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Clin Sci Malmö, Social Med & Global Hlth, Malmö, Sweden..
    Coming across a hidden problem in an excluded population in Sweden: professionals' experiences of young migrants' disclosures of sexual violence2023Ingår i: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing evidence suggests that young migrants are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence. As young migrants often lack family and social networks, professionals are often the recipients of disclosures of sexual violence. This study aimed to explore how professionals experience young migrants' disclosures of sexual violence. A qualitative design was used, based on 14 semi-structured interviews with a range of professionals from the public sector and civil society in southern Sweden. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The overarching theme developed was 'coming across the hidden problem of sexual violence in an excluded population' supported by three sub-themes: 'linking structural marginalisation and vulnerability to sexual violence'; 'realising that sexual violence is one among many other concerns'; and 'taking pride in backing up young people betrayed by society'. Professionals expressed a strong sense of responsibility due to the complex vulnerabilities of young migrants and their lack of access to services. This, coupled with the lack of clarity about how to respond to disclosures of sexual violence, can lead to moral distress. There is a need to strengthen support for professionals, including recognition of ethical dilemmas and the establishment of formal connections between organisations making access more straightforward and predictable.

  • 72.
    Palm, Camilla
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS). Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth IMHm, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Elmerstig, Eva
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Holmström, Charlotta
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Essen, Birgitta
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth IMHm, Uppsala, Sweden..
    The relationship between dominant Western discourse and personal narratives of female genital cutting: exploring storytelling among Swedish-Somali girls and women2023Ingår i: Frontiers in Sociology, E-ISSN 2297-7775, Vol. 8, artikel-id 1188097Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: A dominant narrative, referred to as “the standard tale,” prevails in popular representations about female genital cutting (FGC) that often contrast with how cut women traditionally narrate their FGC experience as meaningful in contexts where FGC is customary. However, scholarship has increasingly highlighted how global eradication campaigns and migration to countries where FGC is stigmatized provide women with new frames of understanding which may lead to a reformulation of previous experiences. This article subjects the storytelling itself to analysis and explores how participants narrate and make sense of their FGC experience in a post-migration setting where FGC is stigmatized.

    Methods: Semi-structured focus groups (9) and individual interviews (12) with Swedish-Somali girls and women (53) were conducted.

    Results: The article highlights how the participants navigate their storying in relation to "the standard tale" of FGC in their efforts to make sense of their experiences. Navigation was conducted both at an intrapersonal level through continuous identity work, and in relation to the social context in interpersonal encounters, i.e., with service providers and others, among whom the standard tale has become a truth.

    Discussion: The article places the analysis within broader discussions about anti-FGC work and considers the implications in relation to efforts to end FGC.

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  • 73.
    Gillette, Maris Boyd
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Shebitz, Daniela
    Kean Univ, Sch Environm & Sustainabil Sci, Union, NJ USA..
    Singleton, Benedict
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Doing Conservation Differently: Toward a Diverse Conservations Inventory2023Ingår i: Ethnobiology Letters, ISSN 2159-8126, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scientists and environmental activists argue that the scale and scope of contemporary conservation must increase dramatically if we are to halt biodiversity declines and sustain a healthy planet. Yet conservation as currently practiced has faced significant critique for its reliance on reductionist science, advocacy of "fortress"-like preservation measures that disproportionately harm marginalized communities, and integration into the global capitalist system that is the root cause of environmental degradation. The contributions to this special issue, developed from a panel at the Anthropology and Conservation conference co-hosted by the Royal Anthropological Institute and the Society of Ethnobiology in October 2021, collectively argue for what we, borrowing from Gibson-Graham's diverse economies framework, call "doing conservation differently." By bringing marginalized, hidden, and alternative conservation activities to light, researchers can contribute, in the spirit of Gibson-Graham's work, to making these diverse conservations more real and credible as objects of policy and activism. This special issue contributes to inventorying the diverse conservations that already exist, which opens new spaces for ethical intervention and collective action.

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  • 74.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Erfarenheter av socialt arbete i Malmö under det första året med covid-19: Katastrofriskreducering, resiliens och hållbarhetens "hur"2023Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här forsknings- och utvecklingsrapporten cirklar kring en fråga: Vad innebar covid-19-pandemin för det sociala arbetet i Malmö? I rapporten återges några svar på frågan. De är formulerade i möte med en rad personer verksamma inom socialt arbete som delade med sig av sina erfarenheter under pandemins första år. Svaren på frågan är viktiga eftersom de belyser vad en kris bär med sig för det sociala arbetet. Begreppet kris ger uttryck för att situationen i fråga präglas av osäkerhet och brådska och att den hotar centrala värden. Rapporten tar både upp hur det sociala arbetet var del av den omedelbara hanteringen av pandemin i staden och placerar in det i ett bredare perspektiv som låter det sociala arbetets roll i katastrofriskreducering framträda.

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  • 75.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Evaluation Paradoxes: Responding to Tensions Between Stability and Change in Social Investment Evaluation2023Ingår i: American Journal of Evaluation, ISSN 1098-2140, E-ISSN 1557-0878Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between stability and change is a central paradox of administration that pervades all forms of organizing. Evaluation is not unfamiliar with paradoxical objectives and roles, which can result in tensions for evaluators and stakeholders. In this article, paradoxes between stability and change in the implementation of evaluation, and responses to them, are investigated through the case of social investment funds in Swedish local government. From interviews with staff, managers, and evaluators, findings show how responses to four main paradoxes give priority to top-down summative evaluation that produces instrumental knowledge on outcomes and costs for decision makers. The responses show that the concept of social investment fund evaluation is elastic to contain paradoxes and address different audiences. Also, paradoxes within the structure of the organization develop into paradoxes concerning the roles and goals of evaluation, raising the question of whether individual actors can deal with paradoxes.

  • 76.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Scaramuzzino, Gabriella
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Digitalization, stress, and social worker–client relationships during the COVID-19 pandemic2023Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 23, nr 6, s. 1080-1098Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed the possibilities for people to interact and communicate. This article examines Swedish social workers’ experiences of the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the use of digital tools in their work, and whether this use has affected the social worker–client relationship and their stress levels. The article draws on a web survey (N  =  541) via a quantitative analysis of responses and a qualitative analysis of answers to an open-ended question.

    Findings: Most respondents agreed on experiencing increased use of digital tools in the relationship with the clients, increased skills in using digital tools, and a more positive view of digital tools in the social worker–client relationship. However, experiences on whether stress levels had increased and the relationship with the clients worsened, were divided. Age correlates positively with increased stress levels, and social workers working with social assistance, as well as women, are more likely to agree on that the relationship with the clients has worsened. Responses from open-ended questions highlight a rapid shift where social workers have gained a more positive view of digital tools, that video meetings can increase efficiency and flexibility, but also work environment problems.

    Applications: This article contributes with useful insights into how the use of digital tools during the COVID-19 pandemic has changed and affected stress and the social worker–client relationship. It can support discussions on the future implementation of digital tools in social work after the pandemic.

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  • 77.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Department of Social Work, Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Scaramuzzino, Gabriella
    School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Saving time for activation or relationships? The legitimation and performance of automated decision-making for time efficiency in two street-level bureaucracies serving poor and unemployed clients2023Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, s. 1-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, digitalized automated decision-making (ADM) has been implemented in many Swedish municipal social services to achieve values such as legal security, client empowerment and time efficiency. The paper aims to understand how ADM policy is legitimized and performed through time efficiency, by a comparison of ADM policy in two Swedish municipalities’ social assistance agencies. It builds on 17 interviews with managers and professionals in two Swedish municipalities’ social assistance units. Findings show ADM is legitimized through arguments of activation and relationships, and performed by handling more applications or increasing time spent with clients, rather than being perceived as increasing the quality of social assistance services. This highlights the significance of organizational goals regarding how street-level bureaucrats perform tasks within their discretionary powers.

  • 78.
    Sato, Yuna
    et al.
    Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Miladinović, Adrijana
    The Ohio State University Columbus, OH, United States.
    Osanami Törngren, Sayaka
    Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    To be or not to be ‘White' in Japan: Japaneseness and racial whiteness through the lens of mixed Japanese people2023Ingår i: The Routledge International Handbook of New Critical Race and Whiteness Studies / [ed] Andreassen, Rikke; Lundström, Catrin; Keskinen, Suvi; TateShirley Anne, Routledge, 2023, s. 376-390Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter analyses what race and Whiteness mean in the context of Japan, a non-White country occupying the same socioeconomic status and privilege as the racially white West. In this chapter, they explore the two parallel mechanisms of race-based privileges in Japan. One is the idea of nihonjin (Japaneseness), an unmarked racialising category embedded with privilege and invisible dominant culture equivalent to Whiteness in the West. The other is Whiteness as a white racial category from the Western dominant perspective, a concept that privileges the white-Western phenotypes and cultures associated with admiration and positive images in Japan. The chapter explores these two parallel yet not mutually exclusive constructions of race, through the experiences and identities of hāfu (ハーフ) i.e. individuals of multiethnic and multiracial background living in Japan.

  • 79.
    Sato, Yuna
    et al.
    Graduate School of Human Relations, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; Hawke Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Aruga, Yu-Anis
    Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Osanami Törngren, Sayaka
    Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Reimagining Japan Through the Experiences of Mixed Japanese2023Ingår i: Sustainability, Diversity, and Equality: Key Challenges for Japan / [ed] Tanaka, Kimiko; Selin, Helaine, Cham: Springer, 2023, s. 293-308Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the myth of ethnic and racial homogeneity, the population of Japan has been and is increasingly becoming diverse. Among these diverse population are those so called hāfu, mixed Japanese born to a Japanese and a foreign parent. The narrow conception of Japaneseness often leaves mixed Japanese to be excluded from Japanese society and question their claims to being Japanese. This chapter provides a historical overview and transformation on how individuals labelled as “mixed” were treated socially and politically in Japan before 1945 and up to the present. We also present a brief state-of-the-art of the emerging field of hāfu studies and suggest the future direction of this field.

  • 80.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The brain in a petri dish: a critical disability perspective on neuroscience2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagine a brain in a petri dish in a biomedical laboratory. Not a whole brain, but a part grown with the help of cells. Through this collection of cells, the researchers perform various experiments. It may involve testing different disease models or experimenting with specific drugs to see how the brain cells react. The researchers can also remove, add or turn off specific genes to see how this brain reacts. Through these tests, medical knowledge is produced about the brain, but also about different brain diseases and treatments. Some of this neuroscientific knowledge can give medical understanding for developmental disability. It is knowledge that can be used to create diagnoses and classification systems which strengthen what we as critical disability researchers would call the medical model. These diagnoses and classification systems are not defined entities, but heterogeneous parts in the medical model. They are, one could say, in various ways linked back to the brain cells in the petri dish. The different parts are an assemblage where the medical knowledge about a specific developmental disability are linked to the materiality in the laboratory, as well to the doctor at the hospital or the person seeing the doctor. In this way, we as disability researchers might be able to transform our cultural framework, we use to criticize the medical model and turn this critique to the laboratory. Is the medical researcher´s work with the brain cells in a petri dish a practice that (re)produces not only the assemblage of what developmental disability is, but also the stigmatized and negative identity that many times exists in society around this disability? In this paper I want to elaborate critical disability theory to see if it can be used to understand the knowledge production practices in and outside the biomedical laboratory.

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