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  • 31.
    Edman, Kristina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Gustafsson, Anna W.
    The Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University.
    Cuadra, Carin B
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Facilitating children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies: A dynamic framework of clinical practices.2023In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies correlates with both positive and negative treatment outcomes. Thus, it is important to gain a better understanding of the clinical practices that facilitate children’s involvement in therapy sessions so that practitioners can employ them with greater precision. To address this need, we conducted a study to answer the following question: What clinical practices facilitate children’s in-session involvement in child and family therapies? The data consisted of 16 extant audiovisual recordings of child and family therapy sessions and 24 stimulated-recall interviews with the participants in the recordings. Following constructivist grounded theory and incorporating storyline as an additional analytical technique, we have constructed a framework consisting of four involvement-enhancing practices: managing time, staying relevant, adjusting intensity, and facilitating inclusion. Furthermore, by detailing some of the complex processes that practitioners navigate when they facilitate children’s involvement, our study adds a multilayered and dynamic dimension to the list of already established involvement facilitators. It may be used to moderate an overstandardized work culture that continues to characterize services that address children’s needs. The results may be applied to other institutional encounters, providing resonance beyond the analyzed therapy sessions.

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  • 32.
    Holmström, Charlotta
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    de Cabo, AnnelieInstitutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.Ouis, PernillaMalmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Perspektiv på sexualitet i socialt arbete2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin belyser hur seuxalitet tolkas, bemöts och hanteras som ett socialt problem i en svensk välfärdskontext. Boken erbjuder analytiska perspektiv på sexualitet inom professionsområdet socialt arbete. Samtidigt konkretiseras frågor om sexualitet och social utsatthet genom empiriska exempel inom tre kunskapsområden: (1) Sexualitet i välfärdspolitiken, (2) Att möta frågor om sexualitet i praktiskt socialt arbete och (3) Erfareneter av sexuell utsatthet i relation till kunskaps- och professionsområdet socialt arbete.

  • 33.
    Holmström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Sexuellt samtycke - om unga människors resonemang kring gråzoner och gränsdragningar i sexuella möten2023In: Perspektiv på sexualitet i socialt arbete / [ed] Holmström, Charlotta ; de Cabo, Annelie; Ouis Pernilla, Liber, 2023, p. 186-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot bakgrund av det senaste decenniets diskussioner om sexuellt samtycke, av lagreformen 2018 och av läroplansändringar som trädde i kraft 2022, belyser kapitlet frågor om sexuella möten, sexuella gränsdragningar och sexuellt samtycke bland unga människor. Det övergripande syftet har varit att skapa förståelse för hur unga själva resonerar och förhåller sig till frågor som berör sexuellt samtycke. Hur tolkas och uttrycks sexuellt samtycke i praktiken? Vad är frivilligt sex? Antologibidraget tar utgångspunkt i en empirisk studie om unga människors resonemang och föreställningar om sexuella gränsdragningar, sexuellt samtycke och sexuella möten.

  • 34.
    Isberg, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Maria Malmö, Malmö stad, Malmö, Sweden.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Being a parent of a teenager with illicit drug use - a qualitative interview study2023In: Drugs: education prevention and policy, ISSN 0968-7637, E-ISSN 1465-3370, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Parents of teenagers who use illicit drugs experience a high degree of family burden and mental health issues but have received little attention in research. the aim of this study was to gain new knowledge of the situation of parents of teenage children with drug use.

    Method: Fifteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with parents who received support or treatment with their teenagers at outpatient treatment clinics in sweden. the data was analyzed with thematic textual analysis.

    Results: Based on scheff ’s theory of emotions, four central themes were identified in the parents’ experiences: parental strategies, shame, coping with stress, and communication as a protective factor. Parents had a heavy family burden and reported problem-focused and emotion-focused behaviors which created shame, impaired communication between parent and child, and a lack of trust. shame may shape the parents’ discomfort in seeking help from relatives and professional support.

    Conclusions: clinical practice should pay attention to the impact of shame, behavior patterns as vulnerabilities and protective factors, and how communication and understanding can be developed. We argue that scheff ’s theory of emotions is useful to understand parents in crisis and that its concepts may be of use if applied in family support.

  • 35.
    Richert, Torkel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Stallwitz, Anke
    Department of Social Work, Protestant University of Applied Sciences Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Harm reduction social work with people who use drugs: a qualitative interview study with social workers in harm reduction services in Sweden2023In: Harm Reduction Journal, E-ISSN 1477-7517, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social work with people who use drugs (PWUD) has traditionally focused on abstinence and rehabilitation. In recent years, harm reduction has gained an increasingly more important role in social work with PWUD, and social workers are key professionals in many harm reduction services. This study investigates how social workers in harm reduction services for PWUD in Sweden understand the concept of harm reduction and how it relates to goals of rehabilitation, and how they assess and deal with dilemmas and challenges in everyday work.

    Methods: The study is based on interviews with 22 social workers in harm reduction services for PWUD in the Scania region of Sweden. A thematic analysis in three steps was used in coding and processing the data.

    Results: The social workers pointed to similar values between social work and harm reduction and argued for combining the two fields to improve services for PWUD. Three overarching principles for Harm Reduction Social Work (HRSW) were developed based on the social workers accounts: (1) Harm reduction is a prerequisite for rather than a counterpoint to rehabilitation and recovery, (2) motivational work must be non-mandatory and based on the client's goals, (3) a holistic perspective is crucial for Harm Reduction Social Work. Challenges in doing HRSW concerned restrictive laws, policies, and guidelines, resistance from managers, difficulties in setting boundaries between client autonomy and life-saving interventions, and the risk of normalizing high-risk behaviors.

    Conclusions: We use the concept of Harm Reduction Social Work to show how social work with PWUD can have a primary focus on reducing harm and risks, while at the same time it involves a holistic perspective that facilitates motivation and change. The suggested principles of HRSW can provide guidance in practical social work with vulnerable PWUD. Social workers can have important roles in most harm reduction settings and may act to enable recovery.

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  • 36.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Om hedersnormer, sexualitet och 'svensk' sexualupplysning2023In: Perspektiv på sexualitet i socialt arbete / [ed] Charlotta Holmström, Annelie de Cabo, Pernilla Ouis, Stockholm: Liber, 2023, p. 170-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Samzelius, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    ‘It’s like they are doing injustice’: A Single-Mother Perspective on Family Homelessness in Sweden2023In: Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research, ISSN 1799-4691, E-ISSN 2464-4161, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 115-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Single mothers with a foreign background and their children are a growing group within the homelessness population in Sweden. However, they are also more likely to live in “hidden homelessness” than other groups and are therefore less visible in official counts, a factor that contributes to misrepresentation and misrecognition of their living circumstances. In recent years, this invisibility has been exacerbated through new guidelines that delimit target groups, including families with children, and put stronger emphasis on the individual’s responsibility to solve their own housing situation regardless of structural constraints. This article outlines the experience and impact of those changes as articulated by single mothers affected by homelessness and housing exclusion in the greater region of Stockholm. The findings presented show aspects of experiences of homelessness and encounters with social services that tend to be invisible in official accounts in Sweden. They further illustrate the difficulties and harmful impact on vulnerable women and children of a system that primarily focuses on exit and individual deficiencies.

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  • 38.
    Dahlstedt, Inge
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Emilsson, Henrik
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Growing apart: Increasing labour market segmentation of EU-13 workers in Sweden2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates labour market segmentation of EU-13 workers in Sweden. Labour market segmentation is a driver of income differences between natives, EU-15 migrants and EU-13 migrants in many EU member states. There are, however, indications that labour market inequalities as a result of segmentation among EU-13 migrants is less pronounced in Sweden. Previous research, both quantitative and qualitative, has shown surprisingly low levels of labour market segmentation among the employed. The structural differences on the labour market has, instead, been between the employed and unemployed, with a large employment gap between natives and all migrant groups including EU-13 migrants. We address the functional integration in the labour market from a longitudinal perspective, using several quantitative indicators to measure the degree of labour market segmentation. Natives and other migrant groups (EU-15 and refugees) are used as reference groups. Our results shows a low but increasing labour market segmentation among the employed born in EU-13 countries. The dissimilarity between employed natives and EU-13 workers is increasing, especially among men. Men from EU-13 countries is the only category where the occupational position has deteriorated. From having a similar occupational position as EU-15 migrants in 2007, their position in the labour market in 2015 is more similar to the refugee group. This development is driven by a large increase of Polish construction workers on the Swedishlabour market.

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  • 39.
    Jämte, Jan
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Lundstedt, Måns
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörn University.
    Radical Left Activism in Scandinavia2023In: The Palgrave handbook of left-wing extremism: Volume 1 / [ed] Zúquete, Jose Pedro, Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, p. 281-304Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Rörelser i gränslandet: om komplexa hedersnormer och samhälleliga markeringar2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen bygger på två separata delstudier förenade av den övergripande tematiken hedersnormer. Ur ett fenomenologiskt livsvärldsperspektiv undersöks tankar och erfarenheter i två olika grupper. Den första delstudien bygger på djupintervjuer med 15 ungdomar som lever i kontexter där familjegemenskap, socialt anseende och kvinnlig kyskhet ges stor betydelse, och där föreställningar kopplade till detta präglar deras vardag och handlingsutrymme. Ungdomarna har olika etnisk och religiös bakgrund men har vuxit upp i samma bostadsområde. Med sex av dem har uppföljande intervjuer gjorts efter några år. Delstudie nummer två har genomförts i samverkan med Kriminalvården. Den omfattar en analys av 64 domar varur olika grad av hedersrelaterade omständigheter kunnat utläsas, samt djupintervjuer med 13 personer dömda för brott som av myndighetens personal bedömts ha koppling till hedersnormer. Även här varierar etnisk och religiös bakgrund såväl som brottstyper och strafftider. Två av de dömda klienterna har intervjuats vid mer än ett tillfälle. I intervjuerna berörs upplevelser av normer och normkonflikter kring olika fenomen som familjelojalitet, värdering och reglering av relationer och sexualitet, kön och könsroller, våld, (icke-)svenskhet etc. Berättelserna beskriver ett invecklat spänningsfält mellan å ena sidan individuell frihet och autonomi och å andra sidan betydelsen av grupptillhörighet och kollektiv identitet. Gemensamt för båda grupper är att de lever i sammansatta världar där hederns betydelse förvisso är påtaglig men samtidigt svår att urskilja från andra påverkansfaktorer. I de uppföljande intervjuerna kan förändringar i normerna både på individ- och familjenivå skönjas över tid. Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck har varit en uttalad angelägenhet för den svenska staten under flera decennier. Frågan har laddats med betydelse på olika plan och lett till konflikter och positioneringar i den akademiska världen såväl som i politik och praktik. Under åren har kontexten kring forskningsfrågorna förändrats genom sociala skeenden och politiska åtgärder i syfte att bekämpa problematiken. Detta syns bland annat i reformerna av lagstiftningen, där nya brottsrubriceringar med särskild inriktning på heder tillkommit, samt i nya formuleringar om ansvar för att motverka hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck i grund- och gymnasieskolans läroplaner. Därmed blir det intressant att resonera kring hur samhällets försök att komma tillrätta med hedersproblematiken kan förstås utifrån det empiriska underlaget, det vill säga rösterna från personer som själva på olika sätt lever eller har levt i kontexter präglade av hedersnormer. Avhandlingen utmynnar således i en diskussion kring hur systemnivån i form av samhälleliga intentioner och interventioner förhåller sig till nyanserna i de berördas livsvärldar. Några av de drag som framstår är att problematiken inte är enkel att förstå och tolka, och att hedern som fenomen är svår att särskilja och ringa in på det sätt som lagar och styrdokument kräver. Genom avhandlingen belyses att hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck förvisso är en allvarlig problematik som behöver mötas av insatser på många olika nivåer, men att det är fråga om ett komplext fenomen som innebär en utmaning för många olika verksamheter vad gäller både förståelse och hantering, och som kräver ett relationellt och dialogbaserat förhållningssätt med de målgrupper som berörs.

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