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  • 151.
    Qira, Eliona
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS).
    A Game of Fraud:: Uncovering Corruption Within FIFA's Decision to Award Qatar the World Cup 20222023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An investigation into FIFA's corruption is conducted in this thesis, with a particular emphasis on the organization's awarding of the 2022 World Cup hosting rights to Qatar. Using institutional corruption, power dynamics, and lack of transparency as a lens into FIFA's decision-making process, this study attempts to understand the factors influencing international sports governance generally. A comprehensive range of sources is consulted in order to shed light on the intricate web of corruption surrounding Qatar's bid, including academic articles, news reports, and official FIFA documents. By analyzing the power dynamics and vested interests involved, it explores the role corrupt practices play in shaping FIFA's decisions. The study investigates the extent to which institutional corruption within FIFA influenced the selection of Qatar as the host nation. It delves into the potential motivations behind FIFA officials' actions, including personal gain and political influence, and examines the impact of these factors on the integrity and transparency of the bidding process. Furthermore, this research explores the broader implications of FIFA's decision for international sports governance. It examines how the lack of transparency and accountability can undermine the credibility of sports organizations and perpetuate a culture of corruption. The study emphasizes the need for improved governance and accountability mechanisms to promote transparency and integrity within the world of sports.

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  • 152.
    Quick, Hanna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Navigating the stormy waters of legitimacy: An analysis of Operation Sophia and EU-Libya relations2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union has throughout recent decades launched multiple maritime operations with the objective to counter irregular migration across the Mediterranean Sea. In 2015, a new Common Security and Defence Policy-mission was launched through agreements between the Union and the Libyan state. Against the civil society’s heavy criticism of Operation Sophia, this thesis is interested in how the mission was legitimatized, exploring how legitimacy was thought about in two diverging EU-institutions: the Council of the European Union and the European External Action Service. The thesis understand legitimacy as a concept contingent on institutionalized norms that transpire within demarcated ‘communities’, building on the Weberian notion of multiple legitimacies. And in line with the theoretical framework of Bernstein, this thesis exclusively examine how norms of sovereignty, economy and democracy influence criteria’s of legitimacy. The methodological approach constitutes a discourse analysis of Operation Sophia’s policy framework, building on Bacchi’s WPR-methodology. The thesis demonstrate that the Council of the European Union primarily relied on norms connected to public international law while the European External Action Service rather established legitimacy through norms of democracy.

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  • 153.
    Romanoff, Uffe Skovmand
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    A Dialectical Materialist Alternative to Democratic Peace Theory: A Comparative Analysis of Greece and Italy from 1960-1979 and 1991-20102023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic Peace Theory observes a lack of war between liberal democratic states that merits an explanation. Democratic Peace Theory does not give a satisfactory explanation and as such, an exploration into the logic of the theory through an examination of its internal logic and wider implications is warranted. An understanding of dialectical materialism allows for such an examination when used together with a thorough exploration of the relevant cases of Greece and Italy in the two periods from 1960-1979 and 1991-2010 respectively. This examination will look at how well Democratic Peace Theory explains the observed facts through an examination of trade statistics of the two countries, which will here be used as an indicator of foreign policy. Democratic Peace Theory cannot explain the data that is analysed here, but through the examination, a better explanation through dialectical materialism can be arrived at. The international system is constructed through nation states seeking their own interests to the extent that they are able to identify them. The international system in turn gains influence over the same nation states as have constructed it. This is the dialectical functioning of the international system that is created by and affects national interests and will be argued to better explain the observation than Democratic Peace Theory. The main body of the text is 22.000 words. 

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  • 154.
    Rönty, Santeri
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    From Neutrality to Post-Neutrality?: A Case Study on Tunisia's Shift from Neutrality in the Dispute of Western Sahara2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis seeks to investigate the shifting role of the Republic of Tunisia in the North African region of Maghreb, where Tunisia has maintained its neutrality in the dispute of Western Sahara. Lately, however, Tunisia’s foreign policy manoeuvres have demonstrated a shift from its neutrality to post-neutrality. This thesis utilises the theoretical frameworks of constructivism and role theory to aid understanding how this shifting role of Tunisia is perceived in the international system. The study takes the form of a positivist case study where we utilise a process tracing technique in order to determine the sufficient explanation to Tunisia’s shift from neutrality to post-neutrality. We find that it is the causal processes of (1) Morocco establishing bilateral relations with Israel, (2) Tunisia’s preference to improve its ties with Algeria, and (3) President Saied’s meeting with the President of the SADR that provide an explanatory account for the shift in Tunisia’s formerly neutral stance in the dispute of Western Sahara.

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  • 155.
    Saarinen, Hanna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Towards Reconciliation: A Case Study of the Role of ENGOs in Environmental Peacebuilding in the Korean Peninsula2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role of ENGOs in inter-Korean environmental cooperation and how together with experts, they rely on scientific knowledge to influence South Korea’s policies towards North Korea. More specifically, the empirical focus is on how ENGOs contribute to the reconciliation and peacebuilding process in the Korean Peninsula. In contrast to previous scholarship, this thesis approaches the topic through a constructivist lens. Thus, to explore What is the role of environmental non-governmental organisations in the peacebuilding process and reconciliation of inter-Korean relations?, this study applies Quantitative Content Analysis to selected NGO publications and on the whitepapers of the South Korean Ministry of Unification, and finds evidence of the complementary effects of environmental cooperation to humanitarian cooperation and a deepened cooperation of the South Korean government with NGOs on humanitarian and environmental issues. Moreover, the study demonstrates the significance of activities supporting reconciliation and international integration and cooperation in environmental cooperation that enable the spill-over effects to other areas and thus nullify the possible side effects, such as costs for the economy in the long run. 

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  • 156.
    Sabuni, Safi
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    A Critical Discourse Analysis on the Concept of Partnership in AU-EU Relations2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent history on global north and south relations demonstrate years of inequality in the practice of development cooperation – a field often criticized for its Eurocentric ‘donor-receiver’ approach. In 2021, the African Union and European Union set out to renew their 20 yearlong partnership, and a new discourse of “partnership of equals” has been strongly promoted by the EU, suggesting a change of approach. This study analyses the EU’s Strategy for Africa through a critical discourse analysis (CDA). Deriving from development theory the study applies Fairclough’s three-dimensional model to better understand the concept of partnership and the relations of power. In addition to CDA, semi-structured interviews are carried out with young experts and coordinators who currently implement projects of the partnership and who contributes to this research by sharing their experiences and expectations. The findings suggest a problematic mismatch between the discourse used in the text and implementation of the partnership in relation to the promise of equality and partnership. The EU and Europe is positioned in a place of superiority in the discourse promoted and they fail to reflect on structural dimensions that might contribute to a significant change in how the two institutions partner. 

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  • 157.
    Santarossa, Francesco
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Unravelling The European Peace Facility: A single case analysis about Ukraine and the EU support provided through the European Peace Facility2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the European Peace Facility and more specifically how this off-      budget fund has been put into effect in Ukraine in light of the recent events of the Russian invasion of 2022. 

    This thesis will carry out a single case study about how the European Peace Facility (EPF) has been established in support of Ukraine since the end of February 2022. It will also analyse data that concerns the support provided by Member States to Ukraine to provide a better picture of how the EPF has been implemented in Ukraine.

    The topic can be deemed to be remarkably recent since the situation in Ukraine is still in rapid development. This is proved by the fact that European Union’s Council Decisions that are analysed in this dissertation are still being further amended. Moreover, the topic is relevant for the field of European Studies since it provides a preliminary study of these unprecedented matters that have had a profound impact on the EU. Theories of Intergovernmentalism and Supranationalism will be employed to analytically analyse the material. 

    This thesis will conclude that even though the EU bodies have had a marginal role in the implementation of the EPF, their response has been timely. The funds allocated by the decisions of the Council of the EU to support Ukraine are quite a substantial part of the whole financial reference of Facility. It is also discussed that the Member States have committed to a great extent to the support of Ukraine both in the training of Ukrainian troops through the EUMAM Ukraine and through the provision of weapons and arms to the UAF. In addition to this, the thesis draws considerations which connect the theory and the single case in question.

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  • 158.
    Sendiong, Ma Hyacinth Ann
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    'Welcome', But Not Here: Unpacking the Extraterritorial Asylum Policies of the United Kingdom and Denmark2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to seek asylum is an integral part of the international protection of refugees. Yet this right is continuously undermined by state-made obstacles such as externalization practices. In the last two years, Denmark and the UK adopted new asylum policies. These policies are emblematic of externalization. Following the historic 2015 Refugee Crisis, states have increased their efforts to limit the numbers of asylum seekers arriving on their territories. Some, like Denmark and the UK adopted extreme efforts to control migration. Drawing from Bacchi’s Policy as Discourse (2000) framework, this study demonstrates that problematizations of asylum seekers and refugees are inherent in the legitimization of restrictive policy changes in Denmark and the UK. It further argues that legitimization of the necessity of restrictive policy changes reinforces the negative perceptions towards asylum seekers, and refugees. 

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  • 159.
    Shahrani, Mitra M.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Review: Pakistan on the Brink: The Future of America, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. New York: Penguin Group. 234 pages. ISBN 9780143122838. Paper, $16 (U.S.), $17 (CAN.). by Ahmed Rashid. 2012.2014Ingår i: Asian Politics & Policy, ISSN 1943-0779, E-ISSN 1943-0787, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 147-150Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 160.
    Sigeback, Felix
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    From Enshrined Language of the State, to Secondary Language of Tourism, Trade and Education: The Development of Policies Regarding the Russian Language in the South Caucasus Region, During and After the Soviet Union2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of my own research is to bind together the limited research done regarding the topic,and to use the research of Russian in the Baltic post-soviet state of Lithuania as a backdrop and comparison. The analysis is postcolonial and comparative, using the concepts of linkage and leverage of Levitsky and Way. A guiding term in this work has been the concept of politicisation, which ultimately means the act of adding a political character to an otherwise unpolitical thing or issue. The time-period that is relevant for this paper is the 1950s to the 2010s. But earlier as well as later information will be included when necessary. In my research I came to find that Russian rather than disappear or entirely overtake South Caucasian society, instead devolved into a secondary language with limited importance. As ethnic and national conflicts made Russian controversial, the countries within the region would come to reimagine the importance of the language. This development would lookdifferent in the nations, entirely depending on their linkage and leverage to Russian or western society. The paper will target two major areas of society, these being the political andlegislative sphere, as well as education. In my conclusion I saw major differences between the more pro-Russian and Russian-speaking Armenia, and the more pro-Western and multilingual Georgia. Whilst Azerbaijan would represent a Russian-speaking, but rather neutral, grey area in the middle. 

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  • 161.
    Siles-Brügge, Gabriel
    et al.
    Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.
    Strange, Michael
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    National Autonomy or Transnational Solidarity?: Using Multiple Geographic Frames to Politicize EU Trade Policy2020Ingår i: Politics and Governance, E-ISSN 2183-2463, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract  The article contributes to our understanding of how trade is politicized and how civil society activists manage the tensions between multiple collective action frames in a complex political context. When viewed alongside the Brexit referendum and Trump’s US Presidency, it is easy to see the 2013–2016 campaign against a European Union–US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership as a further example of an apparently growing populist ‘nationalism.’ Yet, in the European context—where campaigning was most visible—there was in fact extensive reliance on, and re-iteration of, a transnational ‘European’ frame, with antecedents in the 1999–2006 campaign against General Agreement on Trade in Services negotiations. As the article argues, transnational campaigning operates within a nexus of multiple, and sometimes conflicting, geographic frames. In both campaigns discussed here, activists typically engaged with the wider public via the national context and, sometimes, with allusions to ‘national autonomy.’ However, their activism was dependent upon a frame espousing ‘transnational solidarity.’ Developed over time, this structured their transnational relations with other groups and more full-time activists.

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  • 162.
    Slotwinski, Michaela
    et al.
    Univ Zurich, Fac Econ, Zurich, Switzerland.;ZEW Ctr European Econ Res, Mannheim, Germany.;Univ Basel, Fac Business & Econ, Basel, Switzerland..
    Stutzer, Alois
    Univ Basel, Fac Business & Econ, Basel, Switzerland..
    Bevelander, Pieter
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    From participants to citizens?: Democratic voting rights and naturalisation behaviour2023Ingår i: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 49, nr 13, s. 3184-3204Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the causal effect of the possibility to vote on foreigners' propensity to naturalise - a key indicator of successful integration. Based on Swedish administrative data and an institutional setting producing a quasi-random assignment of the eligibility to vote, we find that the overall effect depends on the composition of the migrant population. For immigrants from places with poor living conditions, we observe that the experience of non-citizen voting rights substantially increases their propensity to naturalise. However, for those coming from places with a high standard of living, the same experience reduces it. Both reactions clearly reveal that individuals assign a positive value to formal democratic participation rights. While the behaviour of the former group is likely dominated by the motivational force inherent in the possibility to participate, the behaviour of the latter group reflects the devaluation of formal citizenship if it is decoupled from democratic rights.

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  • 163.
    Spång, Mikael
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Sweden: Europeanization of policy but not of politics?2007Ingår i: The Europeanization of national policies and politics of immigration: between autonomy and the European Union / [ed] Thomas Faist, Andreas Ette, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, s. 116-135Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the impact of EU immigration legislation and policy on Swedish policy and politics.1 Since domestic impact is perceived from the perspective of supranational legislation and policies, it makes sense to approach it primarily in terms of an adaptation pressure. This pressure is more extensive the larger the misfit between EU and Swedish legislation and policy, and it cuts deeper the more it entails changes to politics, such as policy processes, public discourse and conflicts between political actors (see Börzel and Risse 2003; Radaelli 2003; Risse et al. 2003). 

  • 164.
    Stjernfeldt, carl
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US). Malmö university.
    Plan och bygglagens påverkan på den enskildes arkitektur: Stöd eller hinder2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats kommer jag att studera regelverk som styr byggande och därmed arkitektur för den enskilde. Jag tittar noggrant på rekommendationer och allmänna råd i föreskrifter som detaljerar utformningskraven i Plan- och bygglagen, PBL. Jag kommer att grunda mina slutsatser i två parallella fallstudier som utförts i Älmhult och Sölvesborgs kommun. Inom fallstudierna har intervjuer med sakkunniga personer utförts. För att testa gränserna för vad som får byggas i kommunerna har ett exempelhus använts för att undersöka vad som kan byggas i respektive kommun. Dessutom har detaljplaner i vardera kommuner och rättsfall kring god form, färg och materialverkan studerats.  

    Studien visar att detaljplanerna kan förhindra för de enskildas arkitektur beroende på vilka regler som skrivits med. Vissa detaljplaner har fler regler kring hur man får bygga än andra. Det blir lättare att undkomma styrande utformningskrav för den enskilde om det inte finns bestämmelser i detaljplaner.   

    Rättsfallen visade att det är svårt att bedöma en byggnad baserat på kriteriet god form, färg och materialverkan. Detta bekräftades också i intervjuerna. Informanterna i båda kommunerna förklarade att de nekat bygglov på grund av brister avseende god form, färg och materialverkan.

    Uppfattningar om god form, färg och materialverkan kan påverka den enskildes estetik. Dock det som förhindrar mest för den enskilde är de kommunala detaljplanerna med en detaljerad styrning av byggnader. Studien visar att kommuner har ett mål att uppnå en så god kvalitet i den kommunala arkitekturen som möjligt och vill därför styra hur det genomförs. Detaljplaner kan ha regler som förhindra för den enskildes arkitektur för att främja en god helhetsverkan för området i frågan.

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  • 165.
    Strand, Nina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS).
    Critical discourse analysis of the discrimination of LGBTI people in Hungary and Poland through securitization theory2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis will investigate the ways in which the LGBTI people are constructed as a security threat in public discourses in the Eastern European context. The evidence will be provided from Hungary and Poland. In Hungary, the prime minister Viktor Orbán and the conservative, right-wing party Fidesz are the main anti-LGBTI actors. Accordingly, in Poland, it is president Andrzej Duda and the Law and Justice Party (PiS) from which he stems from. The thesis will employ critical discourse analysis together with securitization theory to examine the anti-LGBTI discourses. The time period will range from 2019 until 2021 as it can be seen that in recent years the anti-LGBTI discourse has gotten more severe. It is suggested that the way in which sexual minorities are presented in the public discourses as a threat to the national identities and traditional family values has added to their discrimination by politicians and the public. Thus, it will be argued that the securitization move to construct LGBTI people as a threat has been successful as both Hungary and Poland have seen tightened laws regarding LGBTI rights along with other measures that have added to the discrimination.

  • 166.
    Strange, Michael
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Is AI creative or a Tool for Creativity?2022Ingår i: If Only the Lake Could Talk: Futures of AI for Sustainability / [ed] Martin Thörnkvist; Reeta Hafner; Rowan Drury, Malmö: MediaEvolution , 2022, s. 122-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Are these systemsonly tools for our creativity, or should they be understood as creative in their own right? Answering this question, aswill be shown, is central to whether AI aids or hinders thesustainability of our world.

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  • 167.
    Strange, Michael
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Gustafsson, Hilda
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Mangrio, Elisabeth
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Zdravkovic, Slobodan
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Rapport #1 PHED-kommissionen för framtiden för hälso-och sjukvård efter Covid-19: Ojämlikhet i samhället gör oss sårbara för pandemier2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 2020 organiserade PHED-projektet i ett samarbete mellan Malmö och Lunds universitet en kommission och bjöd in till muntliga och skriftliga vittnesmål om framtiden för hälso- och sjukvården efter covid-19. Efter att initialt ha fokuserat på Region Skåne, utvidgades diskussionerna till att omfatta ett bredare nationellt fokus liksom internationella jämförelser med Frankrike och Storbritannien. Undersökningen omfattade vittnesmål från såväl yrkesverksamma inom hälso- och sjukvård som tjänstemän, civilsamhället och forskare. Överlag framställde vittnesmålen covid-19 som både en tragedi och ett lärotillfälle som skulle kunna stärka samhället. Flera centrala rekommendationer för att skydda och förbättra folkhälsan togs fram.

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  • 168.
    Strange, Michael
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    AI and the everyday political economy of global health2023Ingår i: Handbook of Critical Studies of Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Simon Lindgren, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 1, s. 367-377Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years, we have seen an explosion in the scale and scope of AI health, a trend only exacerbated by COVID-19. Due to the uptake of AI applications in health, the global health landscape has seen significant shifts. To help understand this development and how best to achieve the potential of AI health technologies, it is necessary to critically look at the global political economy through which AI health technologies are made possible. There is a need to see this political economy as embedded in the everyday relations through which healthcare functions. The everyday level of how patients and healthcare professionals engage with AI health technology is essential to knowing how these new tools can help tackle forms of discrimination and other obstacles currently preventing universal health coverage.

  • 169.
    Suorsa, Pinja
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Feminist Revolutionary Advocacy in the Afghanistan Conflict Context: A Qualitative Content Analysis of a Political Feminist Organization RAWA’s Documents and Statements2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how feminism and women’s rights as concepts can look in Afghanistan and how a political organization RAWA interprets them. This study focuses on specific armed conflict contexts in Afghanistan, and it was chosen because women’s rights have been violated by many actors in the conflicts. I aim to study what kind of factors influence RAWA's interpretation with the use of qualitative content analysis as a research method. Post-colonial feminist theory was chosen to help understand and contextualize RAWA’s status as an Afghan Women's organization and rhetoric. Material includes RAWA's documents from its official website where it has published feminist political statements on different subjects. The post-colonial feminist concept of “Third World" woman works as a theoretical frame of this study. This theoretical standpoint of post-colonial feminism was chosen to help analyze the main research question of how RAWA interprets feminism. Mainstream feminism is still primarily understood from the Western liberal feminist point of view, focusing on a broad sense of gender equality, suffrage rights in a democratic system, and fighting the patriarchy (e.g. man’s supremacy). Though, liberal feminism is criticized for forgetting women's experiences outside the West. Thus, post-colonial feminism has had the important duty of relieving of experiences of “Third World” women and staying as a critical voice against liberal feminism. Hence, we need multiple feminist concepts and theories to reveal different human experiences to gain equality and understand different forms of oppression. This thesis' main academic interest is to research how feminism can differ from time and place. Hence, the paper then examines hegemonic power dynamics inside feminism and analyses how women in old colonies could determine their versions of feminism.

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  • 170.
    Swangwiboonpong, Noppamon
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    THE IMPACT OF POLITICAL NARRATIVE TO STATE CRIME JUSTIFICATION IN THE CONTEXT OF POLITICAL CONFLICT IN THAILAND2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Green & Ward's (2004) definition, state crime means human right violations or state organizational deviance. Based on the 2020 political conflicts in Thailand, at least four historical actions can potentially identify as state crimes—the 2014 coup, the 2017 constitution, the usage of the lèse majesté law, and the state officers using violence to force people to remain in silence. Beyond that, there are two contradicting political narratives—the conservative and the reformist. While the conservative justified the four actions mentioned earlier, the reformists do not. This study aims to explore the development of the political narratives of the two conflicting sides based on their own verbal explanation. In addition, it discovers the linkages between those narratives and the actions taken towards the current situation in Thailand. The researcher uses the Narrative Approach to Qualitative Inquiry to interview participants from both political narrative sides. Then the results are analyzed by the Narrative Thematic Analysis process. The analysis reveals that the surroundings (political news, for example) influence conservatives and reformists in their political narrative development process. Furthermore, they make political moves accordingly to their interpretation of those inputs. Hence, it is clear that political narrative impacts the justification of state crime in this particular situation. Lastly, stepping out of the echo chamber, the justice system based on the rule of law, and using digital media with self-awareness potentially decreases state crime justification, the study finds.

  • 171.
    Söderström, Gustav
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    What is the problem of sustainable development in Mega sporting events?: A WPR-analysis of FIFAs Sustainability strategies2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights violations have been connected to several FIFA World cups. In 2010 the first article published by Amnesty international on human rights violations of the South Africa World cup. The impacts of mega sporting events such as human rights violations and environmental impacts have been under scrutiny in literature of sustainable development and legacies of mega sporting events, such as the FIFA World cup. Prior to the FIFA World cups, sustainability strategies are published which consider the issues and impacts of the World cup. These strategies will be analyzed by using the framework of Carol Bacchi’s “what is the problem represented to be '' approach. Additionally, the problem representation of the strategies will be compared   with Graham Houghton’s theoretical framework of Equity principles. With this the aim is to understand what the problem is represented to be in the sustainability strategies and regard the similarities and differences of the strategies. It can be concluded that throughout the strategies the social issues dominate the problem representation. Also, the strategies come closer to Houghton’s idea of sustainable development through time where the Qatari is closer to the idea of sustainable development than the two predecessors. 

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  • 172.
    Tawat, Mahama
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Lamptey, Eileen
    Akrofi Christaller Inst Theol Mission & Culture A, Akropong Akuapem, Ghana..
    The 2015 EU-Africa joint Valletta action plan on immigration: A parable of complex interdependence2022Ingår i: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 60, nr 6, s. 28-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, as the "refugee crisis" unfolded, the European Union negotiated deals respectively with Turkey and many African countries to stem the influx of asylum seekers. But little comparatively has been said about its African deal, the Joint Valletta Action Plan (JVAP) and its impact. Using migration policy theories, this article shows that the African deal, embodied in the concept of "shared responsibility," amounts to a special kind of interest, complex interdependence. Specifically, while parties held onto their interests (territorial integrity for the Europeans and economic development for the Africans), there was a new sense, especially on the part of the Europeans, that both parties needed each other's help (cooperation) to advance these interests. As a result, concrete measures such as the EU Emergency Trust Fund were formulated. Looking at their "effects," these measures have been positive in most policy domains.

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  • 173.
    Teixeira, André
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Suicide in Lithuania: The Consequences of the De-Sovietization Process in-between 2000 and 20192023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithuania and its neighboring countries have experienced a persistent and significant issue of high suicide rates since the early 1990s. This ongoing problem remains a pressing concern for Lithuania, as it ranks seventh among nations with the highest mortality rates resulting from suicide worldwide. The objective of this study is to examine the historical and socio-cultural context of wars and invasions, as well as the effects of the de-sovietization process in the Baltic States region, and their potential lasting implications in contemporary times. Utilizing key indicators, including GDP, Gini Coefficient, and Alcohol Consumption, to gain insights into the socio-economic developments that Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia experienced between the years 2000 and 2019. These indicators serve as important metrics for understanding the potential impacts and changes that occurred in Lithuania during this period.

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  • 174.
    Thiel, Merle
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Migration as an Issue of Security in the British-French Border Zone?: The Practice-Based Securitisation of Migration in the Border Zone2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the securitisation of migration in the British-French border zone, based on applied practices to tackle migration. The border zone is characterised by measures, aiming to discourage people from staying in the area and crossing the border to the United Kingdom. Based on data obtained from semi-structured interviews and different textual documents, this thesis analysed whether practices applied in the border zone are “instruments of securitisation” and thus perpetuating the construction of migration as a security threat. Thereby the analysis was based on different criteria as put forward by the theoretical framework.  Ultimately, I argue that different measures, initially applied to tackle migration, do also perpetuate the securitisation of migration. 

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  • 175.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    AI health in the nordic countries: privatisation, unmet promises, and limited participation2023Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 176.
    Tucker, Jason
    University of Bath.
    Challenging the tyranny of citizenship: statelessness in Lebanon2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There are seventeen million people in the world who are stateless, not considered as citizens by any state. They suffer due to the current function of citizenship in the nation-state system, occupying a legal space outside of the system, yet, their lives are very much blighted by the system itself. This research examines the possibility that global citizenship could be a means to address statelessness. Global citizenship, unlike (national) citizenship, is, in theory, inclusive, and membership is based on our shared humanity. However, when approaching the global citizenship literature, two concerns became apparent. First, there is a significant lack of theorisation on the stateless in the discourse, and second, some scholars make the assumption that a global citizen has citizenship of a state – which the stateless do not. To begin to overcome these concerns, this research develops and implements a stateless centric perspective on global citizenship, using it to analyse the situation of the stateless in the case of Lebanon. The stateless centric approach developed here, views global citizenship through the actions and perspectives of those addressing statelessness. With four large and protracted stateless populations, Lebanon provides an empirically rich context, within which to undertake this research. The findings of the stateless centric perspective problematise the received wisdom of citizenship, the nation-state and allows for the exploration of the expressions and tensions in the practices of global citizenship. Drawing on a contextualised understanding of these practices, a ‘patchwork’ approach to global citizenship is proposed. This sees the creation of a public political space as an act of global citizenship, when it draws on universal principles. These universal principles are used to justify this space, taking on an instrumental role. It is a patchwork as these spaces can be seen in the wider global context, as either directly or indirectly connected, through their shared use of universal principles. By centralising the stateless in our conceptualisations of the nation-state, citizenship and global citizenship, the value of taking a stateless centric perspective, and its ability to draw out further nuances in the debate, is shown.

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  • 177.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Disruptive Possibilities: AI and Planetary Health2022Ingår i: If only the lake could talk: Futures of AI for Sustainability / [ed] Martin Thörnkvist; Reeta Hafner; Rowan Drury, Malmö: Media Evolution , 2022, s. 73-79Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This short playful piece is a result of my participation in the Collaborative Foresight Cycle on the Futures of AI and Sustainability. Hosted by Media Evolution in Malmö between May and June 2022, the Cycle brought together a broad range of actors to co-create and explore the future possibilities of AI in relation to sustainability. This piece is a response to the hopelessness which has arisen due to the limited and often dystopian future(s) of planetary health with which we are faced. To counter this, it is posited that AI can be used as an imaginative tool and act as a catalyst for the creation of different and disruptive possible futures of planetary health. By doing so, possibilities such as utopianism and collection action can be put back on the table. 

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  • 178.
    Tucker, Jason
    University of Bath.
    Exploring Statelessness and Nationality in Iran: Gaps in the nationality law, populations of concern and areas for future research2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Iran has yet to be the subject of research looking into the gaps in the nationality law, which, could create and perpetuate statelessness. There were however, several pre-identified populations, some members of which are believed to be affected by statelessness, as well as gender discrimination in the nationality law - which causes and increases the risk of rendering children stateless. Therefore, based on this previous knowledge of potentially stateless populations, and the gaps/lack of certain safeguards against statelessness in the nationality law, this research provides a foundation for understanding nationality and statelessness in the country.

     

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  • 179.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Mind the Gap: AI as Equalizer or Oppressor in Healthcare?2022Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 180.
    Tucker, Jason
    University of Bath, UK.
    Questioning De Facto Statelessness by Looking at De Facto Citizenship2014Ingår i: Tilburg Law Review, ISSN 2211-0046, Vol. 19, nr 1-2, s. 276-284Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges the concept of de facto (by fact) statelessness, often conceptualised as ineffective citizenship, from being included within the statelessness discourse. This is done by considering the nexus between de jure (by law) statelessness and de facto citizenship. The argument that if someone can have citizenship that is so ineffective they are de facto stateless is extended to consider if a person can receive such effective ‘citizenship’, despite de jure statelessness, that they should be considered a de facto citizen, thus not stateless. By drawing upon the example of the stateless Estonians of Russian origin, the dangers of not recognising the centrality of the legal bond of citizenship, seen in attempts to incorporate de facto statelessness into the statelessness debate, are reflected upon. De facto ‘statelessness’ is shown not only to underutilise the plethora of human rights conventions available, but also to threaten the statelessness conventions themselves.

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  • 181.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Refugeeness doesn’t trump statelessness: A call to reject the UN’s “protection hierarchy” for stateless refugees2021Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 182.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Statelessness and Displacement: The Causes, Consequences, and Challenges of Statelessness and Capabilities Required of Social Workers2023Ingår i: Integrative Social Work Practice with Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Other Forcibly Displaced Persons / [ed] Nancy J. Murakami; Mashura Akilova, Cham: Springer, 2023, s. 355-378Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the impact of being statelessness on individuals and communities who are displaced. It starts with an overview of statelessness, the numbers those people affected, the major stateless populations around the world, how statelessness is created and perpetuated and the presentation of two case studies of displaced stateless populations.  Following this, it covers the challenges that statelessness poses to those affected by it, as well as to social work practitioners working with them are presented. These are broken down to macro, meso and micro challenges. To assist the readers in overcoming these challenges key knowledge, capabilities and approaches for social workers supporting stateless persons are set out. The chapter concludes with discussion points for students and pedagogy suggestions for those leading courses on statelessness and displacement.  

  • 183.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The future vision(s) of AI health in the Nordics: Comparing the national AI strategies2023Ingår i: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 149, artikel-id 103154Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the current hype around artificial intelligence (AI) in health, it is not surprising that we are seeing the well-established role and power of future visions being played out by a range of actors in the area. One example is the surge in the adoption of national AI strategies (NASs). NASs have a structuring function, justifying current political decisions as well as (re)framing the conditions of possibility of AI in society. This paper explores the sociotechnical imaginaries (SIs) of AI in health in the NASs of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The findings reveal that a shared common future vision can be identified, though some variations in the justification of how and why this should be realised exist between the states. This common future vision is of the inevitable and ever-increasing scale and scope of AI in health. This is a process driven and implemented by the private sector, a future which is normalised and legitimised through the promise of greater efficiency and progress. However, a tension between the role of states as simply reacting to, as well as being essential facilitators of, the realisation of this shared vision is identified, a tension that results from technological promises.

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  • 184.
    Tucker, Jason
    University of Bath.
    The Humanitarian Side of Statelessness: Statelessness within the Framework of the Millennium Development Goals2013Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of statelessness has begun to receive attention from a legal perspective. While this work should be commended and continue this article argues that we should also remember that at its core statelessness is a human issue that deeply affects the lives of those who suffer from it. It causes and perpetuates, amongst other things, extreme poverty and human insecurity. Statelessness is still greatly under-examined and under-appreciated as a potentially significant barrier to progress in the humanitarian and development fields. This piece aims to begin to situate statelessness as an important issue within these fields. This is done by taking the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and looking at how statelessness affects the realization of each and every goal. This approach shows that by overlooking statelessness development actors and agencies could be failing to meet the needs of the world’s poorest. While far from being a comprehensive analysis of all available literature on statelessness and its relationship to each goal, this article is as an exploratory piece with the aim of encouraging development actors and agencies to recognise the importance of statelessness in their current and future projects and work to gain a greater understanding of the relationship between statelessness, poverty and human insecurity.

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  • 185.
    Tucker, Jason
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Statelessness of Refugees2021Ingår i: Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship / [ed] Tendayi Bloom; Lindsey N. Kingston, Manchester University Press, 2021Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter critically engages with a central policy norm developed by key international actors working on statelessness and refugeeness over the last three decades. This is the norm that for stateless refugees their refugeeness effectively trumps their statelessness. I term this norm, which arbitrarily separates and ranks statelessness and refugeeness, the “protection hierarchy”. This norm is increasingly being called into question by a range of actors due to growth of research on stateless refugees which shows that statelessness is both very impactful and highly intertwined with refugeeness.The chapter empirically interrogates this normative policy position, showing that the “protection hierarchy” not only fails to protect stateless refugees, but actually increases the populations’ vulnerability. Due to this, the chapter argues for the use of evidenced based policies on stateless refugees and the dismantling of the ”protection hierarchy”.

  • 186.
    Tucker, Jason
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University .
    'I Must Be from Somewhere. I'm Not from the Moon': Navigating the Politics of Labelling for Stateless Palestinian Refugees from Syria2021Ingår i: Statelessness and Citizenship Review, E-ISSN 2652-1814, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 330-346Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the relationship between statelessness and refugeeness over time and space. It does so by drawing on how Palestinian refugees from Syria in Sweden navigate the various stateless and refugee labels imposed upon them before, during and after their flight from Syria to Sweden. Standpoint theory was deployed as the basis for understanding how this group of stateless refugees related to these labels. While the research found that, even though the labelling process was largely non-participatory, both as a manifestation for epistemic agency and a vehicle for epistemic justice in statelessness and refugee research, standpoint theory has offered an indispensable lens through which we have accessed the multiple strategies that the interviewees adopted to accept, reject, resist or negotiate their re/de-labelling throughout their journey.

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  • 187.
    Vamling, Karina
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Russia, Ukraine and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Magnusson, Märta-Lisa
    Ryssland mot Turkiet i Nagorno-Karabach2023Ingår i: Forskning & Framsteg, ISSN 0015-7937, nr 2023-09-26Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 188.
    Vervoort, Lisa
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    A Balancing Act: Understanding the Gap Between Experienced Realities and The EU Policies Towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings Through an Ontological (In)Security Lens2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of human trafficking is, as stated by the EU, a crime that alters the fabric of our society and is a severe violation of human rights. However, the migration crisis within the EU has fueled a rise of the right across the continent. This rise reflects feelings of anxiety amongst citizens towards migration and resulting in hardening migration policies, increasing the vulnerability of migrants. It is this duality this study aims to understand by the introduction of ontological security. To understand the reality of victims, a qualitative content analysis revealed the ontological (in)securities of victims. Overall, they feel a lack of control and autonomy. This lack of control becomes highly visible in regards of obtaining a residence permit. The ontological (in)security felt by victims in this aspect, might be due to the ontological insecurity of the EU and its member states. The anxiety created by migration needs to be managed, resulting in an ambiguous policy. As found through a qualitative content analysis, the EU indicates a differentiation in EU victims and non-EU victims. This ambiguity is a result of the balancing act between the EU’s ontological security and the anxieties of its member states. 

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  • 189.
    Virserius Hayon, Simon
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Democracies in Danger: An Analysis of Democracies' Deconstruction in Their War to Dismantle Islamic Terrorism2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The 9/11 attacks changed how western societies, and with them the world, view terrorism. To respond to these events, western democracies allied to fight for their values against what they saw as their sworn enemies. It is in this fight that the research takes place and assesses if western democracies did lose sight of their primary objective, which was to spread democracy and its principles across the world. This study will assess how democracies deconstruct themselves through the methods they employ to win this War on terror. More precisely, this study will analyze the USA and France’s approaches and their consequences on them as representatives of western democracies. The research finds itself in a new approach that focuses on a historical, social, and linguistic aspect of the decisions made by these States as it aims to assess the self-deconstruction of democracies in their fight against terrorism. The research question that will lead this thesis is formulated as such: ‘How are the methods used by western Democracies in their fight against Islamic terrorism causing their deconstruction?’ and will be using a textual analysis approach to the topic by analyzing speeches and legal documents that have played a crucial role in the current shape of these democracies. The expected results are to understand if democratic values have been victims of the ‘War on terror’ and if democracies have started a transformation process from a focus on liberties to a priority on security.

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  • 190.
    W. Sebhatu, Rahel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Applying postcolonial approaches to studies of Africa-EU relations2021Ingår i: The Routledge Handbook of EU-Africa Relations / [ed] Toni Haastrup; Luís Mah; Niall Duggan, Routledge, 2021, 1, s. 38-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To say that Africa/ African Union (AU) and European Union (EU) relations are postcolonial in nature should be stating the obvious, and yet studies that discuss and analyse Africa- EU relations from a postcolonial perspective or through postcolonial approaches are hard to come by. This chapter outlines the importance of postcolonial approaches for the study of Africa- EU relations. It contextualises such approaches in negotiation practices and outcomes of the EU proposed Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). Though academic literature on Africa- EU relations tends to define such relations as being asymmetrical, the politics around the negotiations of the EPAs through postcolonial lenses reveals contestations around the assumptions of such asymmetries. In particular, the dominant narratives of asymmetry locate African states as being in a weaker position, thus silencing the articulations of African agency. Yet in undertaking a postcolonial account and paying attention to resistance towards the EU’s imposed EPAs – through diplomacy by state actors and the actions of civil society – this chapter is able to highlight African agency in the context of Africa- EU relations.

    Throughout this chapter, references to and examples of the politics around EPA negotiations– launched in 2000 and which were supposed to be finalised by 2007 in order to meet a World Trade Organization (WTO)- mandated deadline – are analysed through postcolonial approaches with the aim of contextualising the reasons as to why negotiations did not lead to the signing of EPAs by the 2007 deadline. Accordingly, after discussing what postcolonial approaches are, this chapter discusses how to consider and analyse colonial legacy by decentring Europe, how to analyse partnership from a postcolonial perspective, how to contextualise market liberalisation in a changing world order within a context of a postcolonial global economy, as well as how regional actorness should be analysed through the politicisation and rearticulation of subjectivity.

     

  • 191.
    Waizmann, Sabrina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    How can we understand that the World Bank is continuously able to legitimize promoting water privatization as the best approach to managing water resources in the global south?: Using Habermas’ concept of Deliberative Democracy to find answers 2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 192.
    Welander, Albert
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    EU in the news: Swedish depiction and coverage of the 2020 Special European Council Session2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes on a descriptive quantitative content analysis as means to investigate how the Swedish media covered and depicted the Special European council session between 17th to 21st of July 2020. Based on Agenda Setting and News Framing theories, the study investigated three aspects of the meeting's news coverage: (1) The overall interest and focus put on the meeting, (2) the interest and focus put on individual issues pertaining to the meeting, and (3) the Swedish News Framing of the meeting. The study found a large interest by the Swedish newsrooms centered on the final day of the meeting. This is especially the case with the Swedish public service network who had an overall higher coverage pertaining to the meeting. The coverage of the meeting was also found to have mainly revolved around the Covid Relief fund, with other subjects present but with a secondary importance. The meeting was mainly framed based on the economic consequences as well as conflict within the meeting, with little focus on the human impact. The paper was also able to find a large difference in how the meeting was framed based on the individual newsrooms, with the public service differentiating itself from tabloid and quality press through its overall weaker framing. 

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  • 193.
    Wessels, Josepha
    Lund University.
    Only a comprehensive arms trade embargo and an IMMEDIATE massive UN observer force in Syria can save the unarmed majority of Syrians now!2012Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 194.
    Widgren, Linnéa
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Integration of immigrants into the Swedish society: A case study of the integration of immigrants by a governmental and a non-governmental organization through the lens of the EU Action Plan2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Through which approach, governmental or non-governmental, can the most effective method of achieving the goals from the EU Action Plan regarding integration and inclusion of immigrants be identified? This is the focus of the following comprehensive multiple case study that investigates the effectiveness of governmental and non-governmental organizations in improving the integration of immigrants at the local level in Malmö. The study is conducted through the lens of the EU Action Plan on Integration and Inclusion 2021-2027, which serves as a guiding framework for evaluating the integration goals of both organizations. The study focuses on two organizations, Malmö Stad, a governmental organization, and Yalla-Trappan, a non-governmental organization. To provide a deeper understanding of how each organization addresses the integration process, the study applies integration theory from two scholars. The findings suggest that there is no one-size-fits-all solution to promoting successful integration. While each organization has its unique strengths and limitations, neither governmental nor non-governmental organizations alone possess all the necessary capacity to address the complexity of successfully integrating immigrants into the local level of Malmö. Therefore, the study proposes that a combination of governmental and non-governmental organizations may be better equipped to facilitate all aspects of the integration process. Moreover, this approach can utilize the strengths of both sectors, such as governmental organizations' institutional resources and non-governmental organizations' community ties and flexibility.

  • 195.
    Wittrock, Jon
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Liberalism, nationalism and religion:: Multidimensional autonomy, trade-offs andanalogies2022Ingår i: Nations and Nationalism, ISSN 1354-5078, E-ISSN 1469-8129, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 1117-1130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to provide a conceptual framework forexploring the relations between liberal nationalism and reli-gion. Combining multidimensional analyses of autonomy aswell as religion, the article aims to provide a framework forconsidering, with greater precision, different potential ver-sions of liberal nationalism, and which kinds of pri-oritisations and trade-offs they would involve. Religion isapproached in terms of Wittgensteinian family resem-blances, referring to a host of overlapping narratives, norms,objects and practices. Autonomy is analysed in terms of col-lective and individual autonomy, and the latter is dividedinto four major dimensions: liberty (freedom from coercion)opportunity (available options) capacity (for making choices)and authenticity (the degree to which choices are genuine).These, furthermore, may be distributed differently acrossspace and time: for example, liberty may be restricted in thepresent to preserve it over time. Liberal nationalism ulti-mately has to balance intrinsic and instrumental arguments,while respecting human rights.

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  • 196.
    yuhia, muhamad
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Middle East Regional SecurityComplexIn The Context of The War in Gaza and The Israel VersusIran Regional Rivalry2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    After the 7th of October attack by Hamas and the following Israeli invasion ofGaza, the Middle East regional security complex has been subject to severe regional securityinterdependence. The war in Gaza is slowly turning into a regional war where Israel and Iran arecompeting over enforcing their mutually exclusive visions of the Middle East. Iran has initiallyrelied on its proxies in this conflict but is gradually getting directly involved. Tehran and TelAviv have been exchanging direct attacks which increases the risk of an all-out regional war. Thegoal of this research is to study the security structure of the Middle East in the context of the warin Gaza and the wider Iran versus Israel rivalry to see which actor is more likely to come out ontop. Additionally, some possible security consequences of this regional struggle will beidentified. To address the research question, the regional security complex theory by Buzan andWæver (2003) will be used as the theoretical framework in a qualitative case study. The studyconcludes that the Israeli project is likely to succeed while Iran and its proxies are likely to fail inthe long run because they are viewed as the bigger regional threat to regional actors. Possiblesecurity consequences include increased terrorist activities and a possible refugeecrisis which can impact the European regional security complex.

  • 197.
    Åberg, John H. S.
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Becker, Derick
    Univ Nottingham Malaysia, Semenyih, Malaysia..
    Burns, Jacqueline
    Univ Calif Irvine, RAND Corp, Irvine, CA USA..
    The will to do good and the clash of practices: understanding Sudanese sanctions relief2023Ingår i: International Politics, ISSN 1384-5748, E-ISSN 1740-3898, Vol. 60, nr 5, s. 1134-1157Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent calls to study international practices stand out for their attempts to bridge the material ideational divide, viewing international relations as a realm of competent acts engendering the international system. Foreign policy, as a bureaucratic enterprise of protocol and institutional practices, is the ideal ground to assess the value of practice in International Relations. But as our case study of sanctions relief in Sudan shows, crossing the levels of analysis is hardly a smooth process as clashes emerge and challenge the status quo requiring departures from existing norms. When descending the levels of analysis into the very weeds of actual diplomatic issues, one finds a range of practices that challenge a singular view of international practices. Success or failure of policy, its direction, and evolution must address the harmony or clash of practices across these levels. This paper assesses the value of practice by studying a case with a clear evolution in practices in the development of sanctions relief in Sudan.

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