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  • 1. Andersson, E. K.
    et al.
    Strand, A. Sjostrom
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Conceptions of caring among a group of coronary care nurses2014Inngår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 13, s. S62-S62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: During the last decade fundamental changes have taken place at coronary care units (CCUs) with regard to medical treatment and advanced technology in order to improve care for patients with coronary heart disease. In the past, caring in a coronary care context was described in qualitative studies mostly from the patients’ point of view. Coronary care nurses (CCNs) are considered to play a crucial role in this care although research into nurses’ conceptions of caring in this area is still scarce. Extended knowledge from the CCNs’ perspective could be of help in developing and implementing new, nurse-led interventions in a coronary care context. Aim: This study aims to describe the conceptions of caring among a group of coronary care nurses. Methods: This is an interview study. Phenomenographic interviews with open-ended questions were conducted with 21 purposefully sampled CCNs from CCUs at two different county hospitals. The audio-taped interviews took place between March and May 2013 and the data consist of 365 double-spaced pages. The age of the CCNs ranged from 23 to 63 years, the length of experience working as a registered nurse ranged from 1 to 42 years and experience as a CCN ranged from 0.5 to 27 years. A phenomenographic analysis according to the steps described by åkerlind was used. The interviews were read several times in order to gain an overall impression of the data. The central elements of the CCNs’ responses that focus on ’what’ and ’how’ were identified, condensed and summarised as a preliminary means of understanding a phenomenon. Similar responses were carefully grouped or classified and a comparison of the categories was made in order to establish the borders between them. The descriptive categories were created on the basis of similarities and differences. An iterative process was used throughout the data analysis to check interpretation against the interviews that had been transcribed verbatim and the description categories. The description categories were used to develop an ‘outcome space’ that described the wholeness of the findings. Results: The analysis is ongoing. At the beginning of 2014 we expect to present preliminary results and answer questions about qualitatively different conceptions of caring found among a group of CCNs working in CCUs and how the different conceptions of these individuals can be understood.

  • 2. Andersson, Ewa K
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Sjöström-Strand, Annika
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn: being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction2013Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 864-871Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Suffering a myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening event that impacts not only on the individual concerned but also on the next of kin. However, there seems to be a paucity of naturalistic inquiries that focus specifically on midlife next of kin and their experience of being close to a relative who has suffered an MI. This study aims to elucidate the experience of being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction. Method Nine women and four men in midlife participated in the focused interviews, which were conducted and analysed during 2010/2011 using Lindseths and Norbergs' description of the phenomenological hermeneutical method. Findings Four themes – Solely responsible, Lurking unease, Left out of the picture and Life on hold – formed the basis of the core theme Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn. The core theme was interpreted as a central phenomenon encompassing the experience of being solely responsible for the well-being of their relative and the family, thus putting their own life on hold. The core theme also reflected the next of kin's experience of being left out of the picture when it came to the relative's care before and after the MI. Conclusion The next of kin's negative feelings of standing alone were further intensified by their experience of being left out of the picture by the healthcare professionals concerning their relative's care. As a cardiac nurse, it would seem essential to have knowledge about the experiences of next of kin in connection with a relative's MI event. Such knowledge can facilitate the planning and organisation of nursing care and at the same time address the next of kin's role in the recovery and rehabilitation process.

  • 3. Andersson, Ewa K
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The Experience of Younger Adults Following Myocardial Infarction2013Inngår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 23, nr 6, s. 762-772Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att belysa meningsupplevelser för personer yngre än 55 år som överlevt sin första hjärtinfarkt. Vi har analyserat 17 intervjuer med fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk metod. Huvudtemat, och det centrala fenomenet var en daglig kamp för att återvinna balansen i livet, vilket inkluderar en existentiell, fysisk och emotionell kamp för att återfå fotfästet i dagligt liv. Efterspelet till denna livshotande händelse involverade en transition/förändringsprocess samtidigt som en ny livsmening skapades. Informanternas berättelser färgades av en energibrist som påverkade deras liv och interagerade med orimliga krav från arbetsgivare och vårdpersonal. Kunskapen från denna studie kan utgöra ett värdefullt tillskott till kvalitetsarbete inom omvårdnad och till utveckling av omvårdnadsinterventioner för hjärtrehabilitering av yngre personer efter hjärtinfarkt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 4. Andersson, Ewa K
    et al.
    Sjöström-Strand, Annica
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurses views of caring in coronary care: a deductive and inductive content analysis2015Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, nr 23-24, s. 3481-3493Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objectives. To extend nurses' descriptions of how they understood caring, as reflected in the findings of an earlier study (i.e. the hierarchical outcome space) and to gain additional understandings and perspectives of nurses' views of caring in relation to a coronary care patient case. Background. Scientific literature from the 1970s-1990s contains descriptions of caring in nursing. In contrast, the contemporary literature on this topic- particularly in the context of coronary care - is very sparse, and the few studies that do contain descriptions rarely do so from the perspective of nurses. Design. Qualitative descriptive study. Methods. Twenty-one nurses were interviewed using the stimulated recall interview technique. The data were analysed using deductive and inductive qualitative content analysis. Result. The results of the iterative and integrated content analysis showed that the data mainly reproduced the content of the hierarchical outcome space describing how nurses could understand caring; however, in the outcome space, the relationship broke up (i.e. flipped). The nurses' views of caring could now also be understood as person-centredness"lurking" in the shadows; limited "potential" for safeguarding patients' best interests; counselling as virtually the "only" nursing intervention; and caring preceded by the "almighty" context. Their views offered alternative and, at times, contrasting perspectives of caring, thereby adding to our understanding of it. Conclusion. Caring was described as operating somewhere between the nurses caring values and the contextual conditions in which caring occured. This challenged their ability to sustain caring in accordance with their values and the patients' preferences. Relevance to clinical practice. To ensure that the essentials of caring are met at all times, nurses need to plan and deliver caring in a systematic way. The use of systematic structures in caring, as the nursing process, can help nurses to work in a person-centred way, while sustaining their professional values.

  • 5. Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera
    et al.
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Sjostrom-Strand, Annica
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurses' descriptions of caring: a phenomenographic interview study2015Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 14, nr 16, artikkel-id 16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Nursing has come a long way since the days of Florence Nightingale and even though no consensus exists it would seem reasonable to assume that caring still remains the inner core, the essence of nursing. In the light of the societal, contextual and political changes that have taken place during the 21st century, it is important to explore whether these might have influenced the essence of nursing. The aim of this study was to describe registered nurses' conceptions of caring. METHODS: A qualitative design with a phenomenographic approach was used. The interviews with twenty-one nurses took place between March and May 2013 and the transcripts were analysed inspired by Marton and Booth's description of phenomenography. RESULTS: The analysis mirrored four qualitatively different ways of understanding caring from the nurses' perspective: caring as person-centredness, caring as safeguarding the patient's best interests, caring as nursing interventions and caring as contextually intertwined. CONCLUSION: The most comprehensive feature of the nurses' collective understanding of caring was their recognition and acknowledgment of the person behind the patient, i.e. person-centredness. However, caring was described as being part of an intricate interplay in the care context, which has impacted on all the described conceptions of caring. Greater emphasis on the care context, i.e. the environment in which caring takes place, are warranted as this could mitigate the possibility that essential care is left unaddressed, thus contributing to better quality of care and safer patient care.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 6.
    Appelgren, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Bahtsevani, Christel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Persson, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with intellectual developmental disorders: a systematic review using a meta-ethnographic approach2018Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 17, artikkel-id 51Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research suggests that registered nurses (RNs) do not feel adequately prepared to support patients with intellectual disability disorder (IDD). This is unsurprising, as few European health sciences curricula include undergraduate and graduate training courses in IDD. As RNs are often in the front line of care, eliciting in-depth knowledge about how they experience nursing this group of patients is vital. Our aim in this study was to develop a conceptual understanding about RNs’ experiences of nursing patients with IDD. Method: We undertook a systematic review and meta-ethnography to synthesise qualitative research studies found in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC databases and by manual searching to identify additional studies. We condensed translatable second-order constructs, and developed an idiomatic translation. Finally, we formulated line of argument (LOA) syntheses to capture the core of the idiomatic translations. Results: We included eighteen published studies from eight countries involving 190 RNs. The RNs’ experience of nursing patients with IDD were reflected in 14 LOAs. Six of these reflected a tentatively more distinctive and at times unique conceptualisation of RNs’ experience of nursing this group of patients. The remaining eight LOAs represented a conceptualisation of nursing per se, a conceptualisation of nursing that was interpreted as a universal experience regardless of context and patient group. Conclusion: Lack of awareness and knowledge are likely breeding grounds for the ‘otherness’ that still surrounds this group of patients. In encounters between patients and RNs, focusing on the person behind the disability label could be one way to secure relevant nursing care for patients with IDD. Undertaking appropriate under- and postgraduate education alongside the implementation of nursing models focusing on patient-centred care would help RNs in reducing the health and care inequalities this group of patients still face.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 7.
    Appelgren, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). City of Malmö.
    Persson, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Bahtsevani, Christel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Swedish registered nurses' perceptions of caring for patients with intellectual and developmental disability: A qualitative descriptive study2022Inngår i: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 1064-1076Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) are often misinterpreted and misunderstood. Studies show that, in general, healthcare professionals have limited knowledge about IDD, and registered nurses (RNs) often report feeling unprepared to support this group of patients. Therefore, more knowledge about how to adequately address care for this patient group is warranted. This qualitative study employs an interpretative descriptive design to explore and describe Swedish RNs' perceptions of caring for patients with IDD, here in a home-care setting. Twenty RNs were interviewed between September 2018 and May 2019, and the resulting data were analysed through an inductive qualitative content analysis. The study adheres to consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ). Our analysis found that nurses' perceptions of caring for patients with an IDD could be understood from three overarching categories: nursing held hostage in the context of care, care dependent on intuition and proven experience and contending for the patients' right to adequate care. Our findings show that the home-care context and organisation were not adjusted to the needs of the patients. This resulted in RNs feeling unable to provide care in accordance with their professional values. They also explained that they had not mastered the available augmentative and alternative communication tools, instead using support staff as interpreters for their patients. Finally, on a daily basis, the RNs caring for this group of patients took an active stance and fought for the patients' right to receive the right care at the right time by the right person. This was particularly the case with issues involving psychiatric care.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8. Bohman, Doris M
    et al.
    Mattsson, Linda
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Primary healthcare nurses' experiences of physical activity referrals: an interview study.2015Inngår i: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study is to illuminate primary health care (PHC) nurses’ experiences of physical activity referrals (PARs). Background: Despite extensive knowledge about the substantial health effects physical activities can produce, fewer and fewer people in our modern society regularly engage in physical activity. Within health care and, particularly, within the PHC arena, nurses meet people on a daily basis who need help to engage in a healthier lifestyle. The possibility of issuing written prescriptions for physical activities, often referred to as PARs, has been introduced as a tool to support such lifestyles. However, even though PHC nurses can prescribe physical activities, studies investigating their experience in this type of nursing intervention are rare. Methods: For this study, 12 semi-structured interviews were conducted with PHC nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed using a qualitative content analysis. Findings: Two categories – PARs, an important nursing intervention, and PARs, the necessity of organisational support – reflected the nurses’ experiences in using PARs. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that viewing the PAR as a complex intervention, with all that this entails, might be one approach to increasing the number of PARs being issued. Simpler systems, more time and the potential for testing the effectiveness of follow-ups could be possible ways of achieving this.

  • 9.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Mixed methods in health service research: where do we go from here?2016Inngår i: BMC health services research, Vol. 16, nr Suppl. 1:101, artikkel-id K4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 21st century, it is more obvious than ever before that health services research and its practitioners exist in an extremely complex contextual environment. Consequently, at the heart of understanding how to deliver an evidence base for safe and effective care in a set- ting characterised by multifaceted health care demands, is the real- isation that no one research method in isolation will suffice. This realisation, together with the REWARD group ’ s contention that 85 % of health service research conducted – and most importantly mainly funded by public money – is ‘ waste ’ , is one of the reasons why frameworks such as the MRC guidance on complex interventions, and mixed methods designs are subject to intensified attention. This plenary address aims to discuss the contribution of mixed methods to researching complex interventions within the MRC framework and to consider its place in contemporary health service research. The MRC framework for researching complex interventions has highlighted the importance of research designs including both qualitative and quantita- tive approaches. However when reviewing the literature prior to writing my chapter in our recent textbook, it was clear that designing and conducting truly mixed methods research presents health service re- searchers with a number of challenges. Predominant amongst these are the selection of designs from suggested typologies, methodological reporting, critical evaluation and most importantly ensuring that the core feature in true mixed methods (as opposed to multi-methods) de- signs – analytical and methodological integration – is implemented. To be able to conduct mixed methods approaches that are rigorously de- signed, logically executed, and transparently reported, we need to move to a position where funders, researchers, journal editors and re- search consumers demand methodological integration of methods and data from study outset, rather than as a mere afterthought in the dis- cussion section of research reports.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 10.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The value of mixed methods for researching complex interventions2015Inngår i: Complex Interventions in Health: An Overview of Research Methods / [ed] David A. Richards; Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Taylor & Francis, 2015, s. 29-45Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the twenty-first century, it is more obvious than ever before that health services research and its practitioners exist in an extremely complex contextual environment. Consequently, at the heart of understanding how to develop interventions in a setting characterized by multifaceted health care demands, is the realization that no one research method in isolation will suffice. In this chapter an overview of mixed methods and their potential contribution in undertaking research on complex interventions (Medical Research Council, 2008) will be provided.  

  • 11.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Bohman, Doris
    An online learning module improves specialist palliative care nurses' pain assessments and patient-reported pain.2015Inngår i: Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1367-6539, E-ISSN 1468-9618, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 122-122Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Commentary on: Phillips JL, Heneka N, Hickman L, et al. Impact of a novel online learning module on specialist palliative care nurses’ pain assessment competencies and patients’ reports of pain: Results from a quasi-experimental pilot study. Palliat Med 2014;28:521–9.

  • 12.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Department of Nursing Education, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, 0456, Oslo, Norway.
    Eriksson, Miia
    Department of Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, SE-222 42, Malmö, Sweden.
    Rosén, Madeleine
    Department of Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, SE-222 42, Malmö, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurses' experiences of providing respiratory care in relation to hospital- acquired pneumonia at in-patient stroke units: a qualitative descriptive study2020Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 19, nr 1, artikkel-id 124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe registered nurses' (RNs) experiences of providing respiratory care in relation to hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), specifically among patients with acute stroke being cared for at in-patient stroke units.

    BACKGROUND: One of the most common and serious respiratory complications associated with acute stroke is HAP. Respiratory care is among the fundamentals of patient care, and thus competency in this field is expected as part of nursing training. However, there is a paucity of literature detailing RNs' experiences with respiratory care in relation to HAP, specifically among patients with acute stroke, in the context of stroke units. As such, there is a need to expand the knowledge base relating to respiratory care focusing on HAP, to assist with evidence-based nursing.

    DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study.

    METHOD: Eleven RNs working in four different acute stroke units in Southern Sweden participated in the current study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and the transcribed interviews were analysed using inductive content analysis.

    RESULTS: Three overarching categories were identified: (1), awareness of risk assessments and risk factors for HAP (2) targeting HAP through multiple nursing care actions, and (3) challenges in providing respiratory care to patients in risk of HAP. These reflected the similarities and differences in the experiences that RNs had with providing respiratory care in relation to HAP among in-patients with acute stroke.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study suggest that the RNs experience organisational challenges in providing respiratory care for HAP among patients with acute stroke. Respiratory care plays a vital role in the identification and prevention of HAP, but our findings imply that RNs' knowledge needs to be improved, the fundamentals of nursing care need to be prioritised, and evidence-based guidelines must be implemented. RNs would also benefit from further education and support, in order to lead point-of-care nursing in multidisciplinary stroke teams.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Hentzel, Johanna
    Bohman, Doris M
    Public health care nurses' views of mothers' mental health in paediatric healthcare services: a qualitative study2015Inngår i: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 470-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate public health nurses’ perceptions and experiences of mental health and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum, within paediatric healthcare services. Background: Although maternal health following childbirth should be a priority within primary care, it is known that women postpartum do not always receive the support they need to adapt to and cope with motherhood. Research implies that postnatal problems lack recognition and are not always acknowledged in routine practice. Few studies have been presented on this topic or from the perspective of nurses. Methods: For this study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed through a process inspired by Burnard’s description of the four-step qualitative content analysis. Findings: Three categories – external influences on postpartum mental health, screening for and preventing postpartum mental ill health and paediatric healthcare services as a platform for support – were interpreted to reflect the nurses’ perceptions and experiences of mental health among women postpartum and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum. Conclusion: We found that public health nurses can have an important role in supporting mothers’ mental health postpartum. Although caution is warranted in interpreting our results, the findings concur with those of other studies, highlighting that an equal care emphasis on both the mother and child can be an important aspect of successful support. Implementing person-centred care might be one strategy to create such an emphasis, while also promoting the mental health of new mothers. Public health nurses have a unique opportunity to support mothers’ transition into healthy motherhood, especially because they are likely to meet both mothers and children on a regular basis during the first year after birth.

  • 14.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Hew Thach, Emelie
    Jeppsson, Maria
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurse's experiences of continence care for older people: A qualitative descriptive study2020Inngår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 15, nr 1, artikkel-id e12275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study aimed to illuminate nurses’ experience of continence care for older people receiving home care, either in their own home or in an assisted living facility. Background: Registered Nurses (RNs) have a major role to play in identifying and establishing appropriate actions regarding continence care for older people. However, the crucial nursing care pathway for continence care is commonly described as poor. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 11 RNs providing home care, and the transcribed texts were analysed using inductive content analysis. Result The impressions of RNs were categorised according to four themes: perceptions of continence care, an open approach to continence care, the need for personalised aid fittings and the importance of teamwork in continence care. Key findings were the importance of teamwork; the need for nurses to embrace leadership at the point of care and be more visible in terms of the provision of direct care; substantiation that evidence‐based interventions, such as scheduled toileting and prompted voiding, should constitute the norm in continence care within the context of home care; and the need for nurses to support the right of older persons to receive an assessment of their continence problems, deemed to be the minimum standard of quality care. Conclusion: The provision of continence care that is based on key nursing standards, such as evidence‐based and person‐centred care, as well as individualised continence care that is based on evidenced‐based guidelines, would ensure an improvement in the continence care that is presently on offer to older people.

  • 15.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Räthel, Kristina
    Helene, Paulsson
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurse’s working at elderly care centers experience of depressive symptoms among older people: a qualitative descriptive study2019Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 18, artikkel-id 43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Depressive symptoms and/or depression are commonly experienced by older people. Both are underdiagnosed, undertreated and regularly overlooked by healthcare professionals. Healthcare facilities for people aged ≥ 75 years have been in place in Sweden since 2015. The aim of these care centres, which are managed by registered nurses (RNs), is to offer care adjusted to cater to the complex needs and health problems of older people. Although the mental health of older people is prioritised in these centres, research into the experience of RNs of depressive symptoms and/or depression in older people in this setting is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to illuminate RNs, working at care centres for older people, experience of identifying and intervening in cases of depressive symptoms. Methods: The data for this qualitative descriptive study were collected through interviews (n = 10) with RNs working at 10 care centres for older people in southern Sweden. The transcribed texts were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: The participants’ experiences could be understood from four predominant themes: (1) challenging to identify, (2) described interventions, (3) prerequisites for identification, and (4) contextual influences. Key findings were that it was difficult to identify depression as it often manifested as physical symptoms; evidence-based nursing interventions were generally not the first-line treatment used; trust, continuity and the ability of RNs to think laterally; and the context influenced the ability of RNs to manage older people’s depressive symptoms and/or depression. Conclusions: The process of identifying depressive symptoms and performing an appropriate intervention was found to be complex, especially as older people were reluctant to present at the centres and provided obscure reasons for doing so. A nurse-patient relationship that was built on trust and was characterised by continuity of care was identified as a necessary prerequisite. Appropriate nursing interventions—afforded the same status as pharmacological treatment—are warranted as the first-line treatment of depression. Further research is also needed into efficacious nursing interventions targeting depressive symptoms and/or depression.

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  • 16.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Department of Bachelor’s in Nursing, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    New year, new circumstances, new goals2022Inngår i: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 1-2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17. Olsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Ringnér, Anders
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Including systematic reviews in PhD programmes and candidatures in nursing: 'Hobson's choice'?2014Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 102-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, gathering and synthesising evidence, i.e. conducting systematic reviews, is considered an important part of any health service research endeavour. Reviewing the literature, however suggest that it is not yet common that PhD students/doctoral candidates publish systematic reviews or even include a high quality review of the literature as a part of their PhD programme or candidature. Implying that systematic reviewing skills might not be acquired by going through an education on a postgraduate level. Additionally, scholars debating systematic reviews 'to be or not to be' as a part of research training seem to be sparse, especially within the field of nursing. In this issue for debate, we would like to propose that the absence of systematic reviews' in this context might severely hamper the 'up and coming' researchers as well as the research conducted. We envisage that this lack can have a negative impact on international nursing practice, and therefore propose that systematic reviews should be considered, whenever appropriate, as a mandatory part of any PhD programme or candidature. We believe that abilities in systematic reviewing will be a sought after research skills in the near future. Including systematic reviews would promote i) refined, well-grounded adequate research questions, ii) PhDs with broad and elevated methodological skills, iii) an increased level of evidence based nursing praxis. However, to make this a reality, supervisors, PhD students, and candidates would need to understand the value of this kind of research activity. Finally, lobbying University faculty boards and grant providers that are not inclined to view literature reviews as 'proper' research or as an important part of health service research, needs to be put on the agenda.

  • 18. Richards, David A
    et al.
    Bazeley, Patricia
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Craig, Peter
    Emsley, Richard
    Frost, Julia
    Hill, Jacqueline
    Horwood, Jeremy
    Hutchings, Hayley Anne
    Jinks, Clare
    Montgomery, Alan
    Moore, Graham
    Plano Clark, Vicki L
    Tonkin-Crine, Sarah
    Wade, Julia
    Warren, Fiona C
    Wyke, Sally
    Young, Bridget
    O'Cathain, Alicia
    Integrating quantitative and qualitative data and findings when undertaking randomised controlled trials.2019Inngår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 9, nr 11, artikkel-id e032081Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is common to undertake qualitative research alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs) when evaluating complex interventions. Researchers tend to analyse these datasets one by one and then consider their findings separately within the discussion section of the final report, rarely integrating quantitative and qualitative data or findings, and missing opportunities to combine data in order to add rigour, enabling thorough and more complete analysis, provide credibility to results, and generate further important insights about the intervention under evaluation. This paper reports on a 2 day expert meeting funded by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council Hubs for Trials Methodology Research with the aims to identify current strengths and weaknesses in the integration of quantitative and qualitative methods in clinical trials, establish the next steps required to provide the trials community with guidance on the integration of mixed methods in RCTs and set-up a network of individuals, groups and organisations willing to collaborate on related methodological activity. We summarise integration techniques and go beyond previous publications by highlighting the potential value of integration using three examples that are specific to RCTs. We suggest that applying mixed methods integration techniques to data or findings from studies involving both RCTs and qualitative research can yield insights that might be useful for understanding variation in outcomes, the mechanism by which interventions have an impact, and identifying ways of tailoring therapy to patient preference and type. Given a general lack of examples and knowledge of these techniques, researchers and funders will need future guidance on how to undertake and appraise them.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 19. Richards, David A.
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Shitty Nursing: The New Normal?2019Inngår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 91, nr 1, s. 148-152Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we ask our profession to consider whether something is rotten at the core of modern nursing. We will use our own experiences as patients, together with published literature, to ask questions of our profession in perpetrating what one of our colleagues recently, and with great embarrassment, referred to as ‘shitty nursing’. Our intention is most certainly not to offend any readers, for this term has been used in literature for more than one hundred years to describe bad situations, including those where events or people’s behaviour are of a low standard. Our intention instead, is to challenge ourselves, the profession and you the reader by raising a measured debate which seems at present to be missing within the profession. We examine the potential idea that poor nursing care may not be the exception, but horrifyingly, may be the new normal. We are particularly concerned that patients’ fundamental care needs may be falling into an ever widening gap between assistant and registered nurses. Whilst we acknowledge the potential causes of poor nursing care, causes that are often cited by nurses themselves, we come to the conclusion that a mature profession including clinicians, educators, administrators, researchers and regulators cannot continually blame contextual factors for its failings. A mature profession with an intact contract between itself and society must shoulder some of the responsibility for its own problems. We do suggest a way forward, including a mix of reconciliation, refocus and research, underpinned by what we argue is a much needed dose of professional humility. Readers may take us to task for potentially overstating the problem, ignoring non-nursing drivers, and downplaying other significant factors. You may think that there is much in nursing to glory in. However, we make no apology for presenting our views. Our lived experiences tell us something different. As professional nurses our main aim is to ensure that our adverse experiences as patients are statistical anomalies, and our future encounters with nursing care represent all that we know to be excellent in our profession. We leave you to judge and comment.

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  • 20. Richards, David A
    et al.
    Coulthard, Vania
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The state of European nursing research: dead, alive, or chronically diseased? A systematic literature review2014Inngår i: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1545-102X, E-ISSN 1741-6787, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 147-55Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reviews of nursing research have suggested that most is descriptive; with no more than 15% providing strong evidence for practice. No studies have examined this from the perspective of nursing research conducted in Europe. Objective: The aim of this study was to review reports of European clinical nursing research in the top 20 nursing journals in 2010 to establish a baseline of nursing research activity in the year immediately prior to the launch of a European Science Foundation network to increase the proportion of intervention research in Europe. Methods: We identified eligible reports that were then data‐extracted by two independent reviewers. Disagreements were resolved through pair discussion and independent arbitration. We appraised and synthesized topics, methods, and the extent to which studies were programmatic. We synthesized data as proportions of study reports meeting our a priori categorization criteria. Results: We identified 1995 published reports and included 223 from 21 European countries, of which 193 (86.6%) reported studies of primary research only, 30 (13.5%) secondary research, and three (1.4%) a mix of primary and secondary. Methodological description was often poor, misleading, or even absent. One hundred (44.8%) articles reported observational studies, 87 (39.0%) qualitative studies. We found 26 (11.7%) articles reporting experimental studies, 10 (4.5%) of which were randomized controlled trials. We found 29 (13.0%) reports located within a larger program of research. Seventy‐six (34.1%) articles reported studies of nursing interventions. Linking Evidence to Action: European research in nursing reported in the leading nursing journals remains descriptive and poorly described. Only a third of research reports concerned nursing interventions, and a tiny proportion were part of a programmatic endeavor. Researchers in nursing must become better educated and skilled in developing, testing, evaluating, and reporting complex nursing interventions. Editors of nursing journals should insist on systematic reporting of research designs and methods in published articles.

  • 21. Richards, David A
    et al.
    Hanssen, Tove Aminda
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The Second Triennial Systematic Literature Review of European Nursing Research: Impact on Patient Outcomes and Implications for Evidence-Based Practice2018Inngår i: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1545-102X, E-ISSN 1741-6787, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 333-343Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: European research in nursing has been criticized as overwhelmingly descriptive, wasteful and with little relevance to clinical practice. This second triennial review follows our previous review of articles published in 2010, to determine whether the situation has changed. Objective: To identify, appraise, and synthesize reports of European nursing research published during 2013 in the top 20 nursing research journals. Methods: Systematic review with descriptive results synthesis. Results: We identified 2,220 reports, of which 254, from 19 European countries, were eligible for analysis; 215 (84.7%) were primary research, 36 (14.2%) secondary research, and three (1.2%) mixed primary and secondary. Forty‐eight (18.9%) of studies were experimental: 24 (9.4%) randomized controlled trials, 11 (4.3%) experiments without randomization, and 13 (5.1%) experiments without control group. A total of 106 (41.7%) articles were observational: 85 (33.5%) qualitative research. The majority (158; 62.2%) were from outpatient and secondary care hospital settings. One hundred and sixty‐five (65.0%) articles reported nursing intervention studies: 77 (30.3%) independent interventions, 77 (30.3%) interdependent, and 11 (4.3%) dependent. This represents a slight increase in experimental studies compared with our previous review (18.9% vs. 11.7%). The quality of reporting remained very poor. Linking Evidence to Action: European research in nursing remains overwhelmingly descriptive. We call on nursing researchers globally to raise the level of evidence and, therefore, the quality of care and patient outcomes. We urge them to replicate our study in their regions, diagnose reasons for the lack of appropriate research, identify solutions, and implement a deliberate, targeted, and systematic global effort to increase the number of experimental, high quality, and relevant studies into nursing interventions. We also call on journal editors to mandate an improvement in the standards of research reporting in nursing journals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 22. Richards, David
    et al.
    Ross, Sarah
    Robbens, Sarah
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The DiReCT Study: Improving recruitment into clinical trials: a mixed methods study investigating the ethical acceptability, feasibility and recruitment yield of the Cohort Multiple Randomised Controlled Trials design2014Inngår i: Trials, E-ISSN 1745-6215, nr 15:398Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The ‘cohort multiple Randomised Controlled Trial’ (cmRCT) design has been proposed as a potential solution to poor recruitment into clinical trials. The design randomly selects participants eligible for experimental treatments from a pre-enrolled cohort of patients, recruiting participants to multiple trials from a single cohort. Controls remain unaware of their participation in specific trials. Methods: We undertook a mixed methods study to determine the ethical acceptability, the proportion of patients in a routine service consenting to cohort participation, the proportion of these who would consent to being hypothetically randomly selected to receive new treatments, and the views of clinicians on the acceptability of the design. We submitted our cmRCT design for ethical review and recruited participants from people with anxiety and depression attending a community mental health service of twenty-one clinicians. We recorded the proportion of patients who were offered participation in the DiReCT study and the proportion that consented to researcher contact, medical record sharing, and who accepted to be randomly allocated to active treatment procedures in future hypothetical unspecified clinical trials. We used a thematic framework analysis to analyse clinician interviews. Results: We obtained a favourable ethical opinion from the UK Health Research Authority. Clinicians approached 131/752 (17%) potentially eligible participants for consent. Of these 131, 84 (64%) initially consented to be contacted by a researcher and all but one consented to being randomised into future trials. We confirmed consent for 71 (54%) of participants approached by clinicians, of whom 69 (53%) consented to being randomised into hypothetical future trials, 9% (69/752) of all potentially eligible patients. The interviewed clinicians described issues impacting on their ability to recruit participants in terms of clinical concerns for patient wellbeing, work pressure, their views of both general research and the specific DiReCT study, and how they viewed patients’ responses to being offered participation in the study. Conclusions: The cmRCT system offers the potential to improve the recruitment into clinical trials and is acceptable ethically and to many patients. Overcoming the multiple factors driving the difficulties clinicians experience in patient recruitment is likely to require the application of significant implementation science-informed efforts.

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  • 23.
    Sandström, Boel
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Svensson, Bengt
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    How do we know if this is the best?: mental health-care professionals' views on national guidelines for psychosocial interventions2014Inngår i: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 221-231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: National guidelines are released regularly, and professionals are expected to adopt and implement them. However, studies dealing with mental health-care professionals’ views about guidelines are sparse. The aim of the present study was to highlight mental health-care staff ’s views on the Swedish national guidelines for ‘psychosocial interventions for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-type symptoms’ and their implementation. The study took place in the southeast parts of Sweden, and data were collected through five group interviews consisting of 16 professionals working either in the county council or in the municipalities. The transcribed text was analysed by content analysis, revealing two categories. The first category ‘a challenge to the practice of care as known’ reflected that the release of guidelines could be perceived as a challenge to prevailing care and culture. The second category ‘anticipating change to come from above’ mirrored views on how staff expected the implementation process to flow from top to bottom. To facilitate working in accordance with guidelines, we suggest that future guidelines should be accompanied by an implementation plan, where the educational needs of frontline staff are taken into account. There is also a need for policy makers and managers to assume responsibility in supporting the implementation of evidence-based practice.

  • 24.
    Sandström, Boel
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Svensson, Bengt
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Mapping attitudes and awareness with regard to national guidelines: an e-mail survey among decision makers.2014Inngår i: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 884-893Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The adoption of evidence-based guidelines within the mental health field has been slow. Changing inadequate practice is therefore a formidable challenge for mental health-care managers. Aim To explore decision-makers’ attitudes and awareness regarding the national guidelines for psychosocial interventions targeting people with schizophrenia. Method A questionnaire distributed by e-mail to 592 Swedish decision-makers was analysed using descriptive and comparative techniques. Results Significantly more of the top-level mental health-care managers than politicians stated that they knew about the national guidelines (i.e. their release and content) and they considered the guidelines to be a good source of support for planning and allocating resources. Conclusion If those responsible for allocating resources (i.e. politicians) are unaware of the dissemination of national guidelines or their content, and they do not perceive the national guidelines to be a good source of support for planning and allocating resources, this is likely to have a negative influence on the remit of nurse managers as well as nursing practice. Implications for nursing management Top-level mental health-care managers have a vital role to play in the implementation of national guidelines. However, our findings indicate that implementing national guidelines in practice could be virtually impossible without strategic government support. Keywords: attitude, electronic survey, evidence-based practice, guidelines, mental health

  • 25.
    Sandström, Boel
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Svensson, Bengt
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Perceptions of national guidelines and their (non) implementation in mental healthcare: a deductive and inductive content analysis2015Inngår i: Implementation Science, E-ISSN 1748-5908, Vol. 10, nr 43, artikkel-id 43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background National guidelines are being produced at an increasing rate, and politicians and managers are expected to promote these guidelines and their implementation in clinical work. However, research seldom deals with how decision-makers can perceive these guidelines or their challenges in a cultural context. Therefore, the aim of this study was twofold: to investigate how well Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) reflected the empirical reality of mental healthcare and to gain an extended understanding of the perceptions of decision-makers operating within this context, in regard to the implementation of evidence-based guidelines. Methods The study took place in the southeast of Sweden and employed a qualitative design. The data were collected through 23 interviews with politicians and managers working either in the county council or in the municipalities. The transcribed text was analysed iteratively and in two distinct phases, first deductively and second inductively by means of qualitative content analysis. Results Our deductive analysis showed that the text strongly reflected two out of three categorisation matrices, i.e. evidence and context representing the PARIHS framework. However, the key element of facilitation was poorly mirrored in the text. Results from the inductive analysis can be seen in light of the main category sitting on the fence; thus, the informants’ perceptions reflected ambivalence and contradiction. This was illustrated by conflicting views and differences in culture and ideology, a feeling of security in tradition, a certain amount of resistance to change and a lack of role clarity and clear directions. Together, our two analyses provide a rich description of an organisational culture that is highly unlikely to facilitate the implementation of the national guidelines, together with a distrust of the source behind such guidelines, which stands in stark contrast to the high confidence in the knowledge of experienced people in authority within the organisational context. Conclusions Our findings have highlighted that, regardless of by whom guidelines are released, they are not likely to be utilised or implemented if those who are responsible for implementing them do not trust the source. This aspect (i.e. contextual trust) is not covered by PARIHS.

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  • 26.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Nilsson, Jane
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Registered nurses’ and older people’s experiences of participation in nutritional care in nursing homes: a descriptive qualitative study2018Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 17, artikkel-id 19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The evaluation and treatment of older people’s nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition. This study aimed to illuminate the experience of participating in nutritional care from the perspectives of older people and registered nurses. A further aim is to illuminate the latter’s experience of nutritional care per se. Methods A qualitative, descriptive design was adopted. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 12) with eight registered nurses and four older persons (mean age 85.7 years) in a city in the southern part of Sweden. The subsequent analysis was conducted by content analysis. Result The analysis reflected three themes: ‘participation in nutritional care equals information’, ‘nutritional care out of remit and competence’ and ‘nutritional care more than just choosing a flavour’. They were interpreted to illuminate the experience of participation in nutritional care from the perspective of older people and RNs, and the latter’s experience of nutritional care in particular per se. Conclusions Our findings indicate that a paternalistic attitude in care as well as asymmetry in the nurse-patient relationship are still common characteristics of modern clinical nursing practice for older people. Considering that participation should be central to nursing care, and despite the RN’s awareness of the importance of involving the older persons in their nutritional care this was not reflected in reality. Strategies to involve older persons in their nutritional care in a nursing home context need to take into account that for this population participation might not always be experienced as an important part of nursing care.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 27.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Persson, Karin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Nursing students' experiences of caring for ethnically and culturally diverse patients: A scoping review2019Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 37, s. 97-104Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about nursing students' experiences of caring for patients from diverse cultures, which is an important factor in educational settings when it comes to understanding whether the teaching strategies applied are successful. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review of the literature, thereby synthesising existing studies to explore nursing students' experiences of caring for patients with different cultural backgrounds from theirs. A systematic article search was done in PubMed, CINAHL and ERIC. A total of 996 studies were found in the searches and finally seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were included. The analysis of the seven included studies was interpreted to represent two overarching themes, namely the challenge of communication and non-mutual language and the challenge of culture and culturally influenced behaviour, representing nursing students' experiences of caring for patients with a different cultural background from theirs. A major challenge for nursing educators appears to be creating pedagogical interventions that cultivate a humble, solicitous and caring curiosity among students, such that they do not perceive only challenges in caring for culturally diverse patients.

  • 28.
    Theodoridis, Kyriakos
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Noghi, Adina
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The discharge conversation: a phenomenographic interview study2020Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 19, nr 1, artikkel-id 59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Studies have highlighted deficiencies in the information given by nurses to surgical patients. Studies also show that the role of the nurse in connection with the discharge of patients after surgery is unclear. The aim of the study was therefore to elicit and to explore registered nurses' conceptions of the phenomenon ofnursing care information given to surgical patients in connection with hospital discharge. Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with fifteen nurses at surgical unites at the southern parts of Sweden. The interviews were transcribed and then analysed according to the phenomenographic approach. Result The analysis resulted into three descriptive categories which conjointly may be said to express the general conceptions of the informants. Thus, according to the informants, the provision of nursing care information in connection with the discharge of surgical patients is: (i) not a nursing priority, (ii) adapted to the context of care, and (iii) a possible enhancement of the nursing process and the quality of care. Conclusion The result of the study implies that the discharge conversation may be seen as an opportunity for the nursing profession to formalise and to enhance the quality of care in connection with the discharge of surgical patients.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29. Tuvesson, Hanna
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    The challenge of giving written thesis feedback to nursing students2014Inngår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 34, nr 11, s. 1343-1345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing effective written feedback on nursing student's assignments can be a challenging task for any assessor. Additionally, as the student groups tend to become larger, written feedback is likely to gain an overall more prominent position than verbal feedback. Lack of formal training or regular discussion in the teaching faculty about the skill set needed to provide written feedback could negatively affect the students' learning abilities. In this brief paper, we discuss written feedback practices, whilst using the Bachelor of Science in Nursing thesis as an example. Our aim is to highlight the importance of an informed understanding of the impact written feedback can have on students. Creating awareness about this can facilitate the development of more strategic and successful written feedback strategies. We end by offering examples of some relatively simple strategies for improving this practice.

  • 30.
    Westerdahl, Frida
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Wennick, Anne
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Department of Health Sciences, The Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Karlstad University, Sweden; Department of Bachelor’s in Nursing, Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Bachelor nursing students´ and their educators´ experiences of teaching strategies targeting critical thinking: A scoping review2022Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 63, artikkel-id 103409Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The objective of this scoping review was to review the published literature on existing teaching strategies targeting bachelor nursing students' critical thinking and explore how these strategies are described by students and educators. The research questions were: (i) Which teaching strategies are described in the literature targeting critical thinking among nursing students? and (ii) How are these teaching strategies described and experienced by students and/or nurse educators?

    BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is integrated in the many clinical assignments and responsibilities with which registered nurses are faced. Therefore, it is important that nurse educators implement teaching strategies supporting bachelor nursing students' development of critical thinking to prepare them for their professional responsibilities.

    DESIGN: Scoping review, Open Science Framework (OSF) registries DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/D89SB.

    METHODS: The scoping review followed the six steps of Arksey and O'Malley (2005). Systematic searches were conducted using the databases PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, ERC and PsycINFO. Eligible studies were quality assessed and text excerpts answering the research questions were analysed by a thematic analysis.

    RESULTS: Our findings represent 19 published studies and can be understood according to two themes: the importance of the educational conditions and the impact of implemented teaching strategies. The first theme reflected not only the descriptions of important traits in the educational milieu facilitating the development of critical thinking but also the importance of how the content targeting such skills were delivered and organised. The second theme mirrored descriptions of how the students, through the teaching strategies, realized the need for collaboration to facilitate critical thinking. Further, it showed how the teaching strategies fostered professional growth and learning adaptation, by encouraging the students to question their knowledge and facilitating their development of clinical knowledge.

    CONCLUSIONS: The strategies used in the facilitation of critical thinking need to incorporate collaboration and student-centredness, creating a relaxed climate where the educators can assist through guidance and support. This calls for the implementation of teaching strategies whereby both educators and students are active in facilitating the learning environment.

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    fulltext
  • 31.
    Westerdahl, Frida
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Wennick, Anne
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Teaching strategies and outcome assessments targeting critical thinking in bachelor nursing students: a scoping review protocol.2020Inngår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikkel-id e033214Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Applying critical thinking is essential for nursing students both in an academic and clinical context. Particularly, as critical thinking is a vital part of nurses' everyday problem-solving and decision-making processes. Therefore, regardless of the topic taught or the setting in which it is taught, it requires teaching strategies especially targeting students' critical thinking skills and abilities. One challenge with the latter is the difficulties to assess and evaluate the impact of such teaching strategies on the students' critical thinking disposition. Hence, our objective will be to review published literature on; existing teaching strategies and outcomes assessments targeting nursing students' critical thinking skills and abilities.

    METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Our scoping review will be conducted in accordance with Arksey and O'Malley's framework for scoping studies. Search strategies will be developed in cooperation with an experienced librarian, and adjusted to each individual database for example, CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC and ERC. A preliminary search in CINAHL was conducted on the 17th of July 2019. Peer-reviewed published studies conducted with a qualitative, quantitative or mixed method design and focussing our objectives, will be eligible for inclusion. Included studies will be quality assessed in accordance with their study design. Data will be charted using a standardised extraction form. The qualitative data will be presented through a thematic analyses, and the quantitative data by descriptive numerical analysis. Lastly, nurse educators and nursing students will be consulted for validation of the findings from the scoping review.

    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Under the Swedish Ethical Review Act (2003:460) this study does not need ethical clearance by a Regional Ethical Review Authority as it not includes any primary empirical data on biological material or sensitive information. The findings will be used to inform the design of a future study aiming to develop an, and subsequently evaluate it, educational intervention targeting teaching strategies focussing on nursing students' critical thinking skills and abilities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32. Wong, Arnold Y L
    et al.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Jakobsson, Jenny
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Schoeb, Veronika
    Kumlien, Christine
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Older adult's experience of chronic low back pain and its implications on their daily life: Study protocol of a systematic review of qualitative research2018Inngår i: Systematic Reviews, E-ISSN 2046-4053, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikkel-id 81Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Of various chronic diseases, low back pain (LBP) is the most common and debilitating musculoskeletal condition among older adults aged 65 years or older. While more than 17 million older adults in the USA suffer from at least one episode of LBP annually, approximately six million of them experience chronic LBP that significantly affects their quality of life and physical function. Since many older adults with chronic LBP may also have comorbidities and are more sensitive to pain than younger counterparts, these older individuals may face unique age-related physical and psychosocial problems. While some qualitative research studies have investigated the life experiences of older adults with chronic LBP, no systematic review has integrated and synthesized the scientific knowledge regarding the influence of chronic LBP on the physical, psychological, and social aspects of lives in older adults. Without such information, it may result in unmet care needs and ineffective interventions for this vulnerable group. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review is to synthesize knowledge regarding older adults’ experiences of living with chronic LBP and the implications on their daily lives. Methods/design: Candidate publications will be sought from databases: PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Qualitative research studies will be included if they are related to the experiences of older adults with chronic LBP. Two independent reviewers will screen the titles, abstracts, and full-text articles for eligibility. The reference lists of the included studies will be checked for additional relevant studies. Forward citation tracking will be conducted. Meta-ethnography will be chosen to synthesize the data from the included studies. Specifically, the second-order concepts that are deemed to be translatable by two independent reviewers will be included and synthesized to capture the core of the idiomatic translations (i.e., a translation focusing on salient categories of meaning rather than the literal translation of words or phrases). Discussion: This systematic review of qualitative evidence will enable researchers to identify potential unmet care needs, as well as to facilitate the development of effective, appropriate, person-centered health care interventions targeting this group of individuals. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO 2018: CRD42018091292

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
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