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  • 1.
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    John Barth and Postmodernism: Spatiality, Travel, Montage2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    John Barth is one of the major novelists of American postmodernism. Barth’s contribution to the practice and theory of postmodernism is in this sense undisputable. However, much of the criticism dealing with his work in relationship to postmodernism is prompted by Barth’s own theories of “exhaustion” and “replenishment,” leaving his writing relatively untouched by theories of postmodernism in general. This study aims to change that. What is of particular interest here is the relationship between Barth’s aesthetic and the ideology critical work of the historical avant-gardes, which were the first to mobilize art against itself and its institutional practices and demands. This mobilization often took the form of an intentional shattering of the boundary between life and art and a subsequent critique of notions such as originality and organicity. To emphasize the idea of literature as practice (life), I focus on the notion of spatiality as it is defined and conceptualized within Marxism and Critical Theory, particularly by Fredric Jameson, Jean Baudrillard, Guy Debord, and Johannes Fabian. As many of these discussions show, spatiality is connected to human consciousness and material reproduction, generating not only the subject-object distinction, but also notions of temporality, historicity, and causality. There is, however, a paradox involved in the production of space. On the one hand, space can only be generated through systems of representation; on the other, our notion of reality requires space to be lived and authentic. The ability to produce space is therefore always connected to metaphorical skills. Yet, space exists only as social practice, as a field of authenticity. In this context, travel is seen as one of the fundamental spatial practices with which such a literalization is made. Examining Barth’s metafictional parodies in the light of these theories of space and subjectivity, I try to engage the question of ideology critique in postmodernism. My first chapter focuses on the postmodernism debate in America towards the 1990s, where I give a general historical overview of the issues discussed and elaborate connections to various theories and strategies of the historical avant-gardes. Next, I introduce the concept of spatiality, which has become the central issue defining postmodernism. Spatiality is generally seen as weakening of historicity and temporality, and by extension, of reality itself. I try to dispute this idea and relate the “spatialization of time” occurring within postmodernism to ideas of critical art. Thirdly, I explore the relationship of travel to the production of space. Here I suggest that travel above all is an acculturation of the real, a spatial practice through which reality acquires a meaningful and coherent structure. Chapter Two focuses on how these issues of spatiality, travel, and representation work their way into the fiction and essays of John Barth. The last chapter is a close reading of one of Barth’s later novels, The Last Voyage of Somebody the Sailor (1991), which aims to bring the previous discussions into proximity with one specific text. Here I argue that the montage can offer a critical model for understanding the spatiality of postmodernism, particularly its “simultaneity of the radically disparate.” My discussion ends by suggesting that such a take on postmodernism may well be perceived as a mimesis of reality, particularly a recognition of the collective nature of self and world.

  • 2.
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Medborgarskap och värdegrund2011In: Vägar till medborgarskap / [ed] Pieter Bevelander, Christian Fernández, Anders Hellström, Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The transnational imaginary: cultural space and the place of theory2004In: Transnational spaces: disciplinary perspectives / [ed] Maja Povrzanovic Frykman, Malmö University, International Migration and Ethnic Relations (IMER) , 2004, p. 46-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 4.
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    'The World Is Closer Than You Think': Travel, Antarctica and the Marketing of British Airways2001In: Text and nation: essays on post-colonial cultural politics / [ed] Jopi Nyman, Andrew Blake, Faculty of Humanities, University of Joensuu, Finland , 2001, p. 29-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Värdegrunden blir ett etniskt filter2012In: Mana, ISSN 1403-6886, no 4, p. 16-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans värdegrund motverkar sitt syfte. Istället för att bekämpa rasismen befäster värdegrundsarbetet föreställningar om att människors handlande och tänkande kan kopplas till etnicitet. Det hävdar Berndt Clavier, lektor vid institutionen för Konst, kultur och kommunikation på Malmö Högskola.

  • 6.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Dittmar, Jakob
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    "Pictures and Conversations" Redefining the Graphic Novel2021In: / [ed] G. Krantz et al., Malmö, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Graphic Novel is a rather recent term, it marks distinct qualities of a group of artefacts to allow for differentiation and sales in late-modern (or post-modern) cultural context. 

    Comics add their particular narrative potential to what the novel has done: they transplant novel-style narrations into image-based stories. In novels their author’s individual way with words, their voice is crucial. It defines the style, perspective, tone – the novel is about how a particular voice is expressed, it is not about the plot of the story as such. Comics are built from graphic representations that mark the distinct individuality of the auteur and/or graphic artist. Their view is expressed in the execution of each image and page design: "its 'graphiation’ – that is, the presence, within the very act of storytelling, of its maker" (Marion 1993 after Baetens 2001b, 146-150). 

    There are enough comics labelled as graphic novels that are meeting the criteria for other literary genres to introduce differentiated labels: auto/biography, historiography, reports, travel writing, novels, …Even the difference between graphic adaptations of prose novels in difference to auteur comics matters (s. Schmitz-Emans 2013, 397 ff.).

    We need to invent the Graphic Novel twice. The marketing term is established, now we need to differentiate the academic use to understand and describe better specific literary forms and genres. To restrict “graphic novel” to visually narrated novel-type literature instead of all longer comics is a beginning…

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  • 7.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Engström, Timothy
    Rochester Institute of Technology, USA.
    Anticipations of the Digital: Dispersing Strindberg2019In: August Strindberg and visual culture: the emergence of optical modernity in image, text and theatre / [ed] Jonathan Schroeder; Anna Westerstahl Stenport; Eszter Szalczer, Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, p. 147-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Art and the Management of the Racial Archipelago: What is Äga Rum in the Million Homes Programmes in Malmo?2019In: Scandinavica: An International Journal of Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5653, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 37-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, the Swedish government allocated 130 million SEK to Äga rum ('Taking Place'): a three-year program of arts projects across Sweden to address low voter turnout in certain housing areas, but which, in effect, target the immigrants. We argue-through a short account of Foucault's take on the state, biopolitics, race, and governmentalisation-that this is an example of contemporary state racism, which is best understood as an inextricable part of biopolitical governmentalisation through forms of veridiction. We further analyse a specific governmental program (Äga rum) and a specific project (anonymised) within that program which takes place in two Miljonprogrammet housing areas in Malmö. Although both the program and the project have clear political agendas of empowerment and anti-exclusion, we argue that they nevertheless end up producing racial divisions and what we call a 'racial archipelago.'

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  • 9.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö2017In: Ett texthäfte om konst- och kultursatsningar i relation till ägande och styrning / [ed] Maryam Fanni, Elof Hellström, Sarah Kim, MDGH , 2017, p. 23-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities increasingly use artistic and cultural activities to promote active citizenship and social cohesion. We suggest that city-sponsored cultural and artistic practices in Sweden are finding a new discursive context in migration. In this article, we look at two artistic and cultural institutions in Malmö, Sweden: Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. We develop a typology of governmentalisation based on the work of Nicholas Rose and Peter Miller, which allows us to describe the governing activity of Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. What becomes visible is the discrepancy between the moral form of the political rationalities and the technologies of government: even though institutions may harbour ideals and principles of inclusion, they are perfectly capable of sustaining activities that brighten the very boundaries they set out to challenge.

  • 10.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö2014In: Multiculturalism and the Arts in European Cities / [ed] Marco Martiniello, Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book discusses the tension, or even the contradiction, between ethno-cultural segregation and ethno-cultural mixing in the field of the arts. It focuses on the local artistic sphere in the multicultural EU cities of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels, Cologne, Malmö and Vienna. The chapters show a variety of local experiences by exploring in each city discourses, policies and practices in the local artistic field and by addressing one or more of the following questions: How do cities construct diversity discourses and policies? How do migrants and subsequent generations mobilise in the local artistic scene? What type of collective identities and ethnicities are publicly expressed and constructed in the arts? Are immigrant and ethnic artists and productions supported by official cultural institutions? Are local cultural policies becoming multicultural? How do migrant and ethnic artist mobilise in order to change cultural policies? The contributors combine top-down and bottom-up perspectives from a variety of large, mid-size and small European cities to make sense of the links between migrants and ethnic groups and artistic change at the local level. They examine how the city as an artistic space is changed by minority artistic expression and also how local cultural institutions change minority artistic expressions. The chapter authors are drawn from broad variety of disciplines, including anthropology, cultural studies, political science, sociology, urban studies and planning, offering the reader a broad variety of perspectives and insights into this area. This book was originally published as a special issue of Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power.

  • 11.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Art for integration: political rationalities and technologies of governmentalisation in the city of Malmö2014In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 10-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities increasingly use artistic and cultural activities to promote active citizenship and social cohesion. We suggest that city-sponsored cultural and artistic practices in Sweden are finding a new discursive context in migration. In this article, we look at two artistic and cultural institutions in Malmö, Sweden: Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. We develop a typology of governmentalisation based on the work of Nicholas Rose and Peter Miller, which allows us to describe the governing activity of Arena 305 and Drömmarnas hus. What becomes visible is the discrepancy between the moral form of the political rationalities and the technologies of government: even though institutions may harbour ideals and principles of inclusion, they are perfectly capable of sustaining activities that brighten the very boundaries they set out to challenge.

  • 12.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Tarihsel Ontoloji Olarak Kültür Politikası: Sanatın Hükümetleşmesi Üzerine2018In: Kültür Politikası Yıllık;2017-2018, Kültür Politikaları ve Yönetimi Araştırma Merkez , 2018, p. 155-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper maps some of the ontological and methodological concerns incurred by the governmentalization of art and culture that has come about in most advanced liberal societies since WWII. The main argument is that cultural policy forms a new historical ontology constituting a transformed relationship between art and the state. This transformed relationship has profound effects on the “art institution,” loosely defined after Peter Bürger as the apparatuses of production and distribution of the art system but also the historical ideas about what art is and what it should be doing. This transformation has produced a new situation for art and for artists: if print capitalism secured the conception of the artist-genius and the contemplative reader, then today we have the emergence of something new. In the wake of the governmentalization of art we have a landscape on the horizon, one that belabors art with economic, social and quantifiable functions. It is in this context that cultural policy has become a “historical ontology.”

  • 13.
    Clavier, Berndt
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kauppinen, Asko
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The Cascading Metrologies of Swedish Cultural Policy2018In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 179-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The commencement of cultural policy in Sweden is analysed as part of global and networked socio-technical agencements, beginning with the transformation of the political rationalities underlying state support for theatre in the early nineteen-thirties and ending in the current moment, which is described as a phase of cascading metrologies. Using Actor Network Theory as a methodology, the article explores how cultural policy partakes in what Foucault has elaborated as the progressive governmentalization of power relations, whereby art and culture, in this case, is “elaborated, rationalized, and centralized in the form of, or under the auspices of, state institutions.” Specific attention is brought to the historical role of UNESCO in the governmentalization of art and culture, and its importance for the first Swedish bill of culture. The article also elaborates on the central role of metrologies in the process of governmentalization, whereby art and culture is subjected to measuring devices, and by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of novel art-effects, such as social and economic development.

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  • 14.
    Kauppinen, Asko
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Checkboxes and radio buttons: metrologies, cultural policy, and the dispositif of art management2017In: ENCATC Journal of Cultural Management & Policy, ISSN 2224-2554, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 59-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural policies will be analysed as producing what Bruno Latour calls “metrologies”; that is, measuring devices and valuemeters, and by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of art effects such as social sustainability, community cohesion, social capital, and innovation. The case analysed will be the art scene of the city of Malmö, its policies and metrological devices, with a focus on one community theatre project as an exemplary case. The metrologies, we claim, are the ways in which the policy apparatus opens up to larger concerns of what Michel Foucault calls dispositifs, linking art policy to other policy changes and societal concerns in general, and making art respond to those concerns in managed ways.

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    fulltext
  • 15.
    Kauppinen, Asko
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Clavier, Berndt
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Cultural policies, metrologies and the dispositif of art management2016In: Cultural Management Education in Risk Societies - Towards a Paradigm and Policy Shift?! CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 2016, ENCATC , 2016, p. 195-208Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural policies will be analyzed as producing what Latour calls metrologies; that is, measuring devices and, by extension, concepts and instruments that contribute to the progressive socialization and naturalization of art effects such as social sustainability, community cohesion, social capital, and innovation. The case analyzed will be the art scene of the city of Malmö, its policies and metrological devices. The metrologies, we claim, are the ways in which the policy apparatus opens up to larger concerns of what Foucault calls dispositifs, linking art policy to other policy changes and societal concerns in general, and making art respond to those concerns in managed ways.

1 - 15 of 15
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