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  • 1. Ask, Karen
    et al.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Edvik, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Individual and Society (IS).
    IFMS - vad hände sedan?: utvärderingsrapport 20122012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande utvärderingsrapport utgör en uppföljning av samverkansprojektet: ”Ingen faller mellan stolarna”. Projektet har drivits av Malmö stad sedan år 2010 med stöd av Socialstyrelsen och har varit stadsdelsövergripande. Målet med projektet har varit att uppnå samarbetsformer mellan Individ- och Familjeomsrog (IoF) samt Vård- och Omsorg (VoF) som gör att personer som är, eller riskerar att bli, hemlösa och vars problematik berör båda verksamheterna ska kunna ta del av förbättrade och samordnade insatser.

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  • 2. Augustinsson, Erika
    et al.
    Backström, Camilla
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lövgren, Marie-Louise
    Arbetsintegrerande sociala företag2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av de stora samhällsutmaningarna som vi står inför idag är ett ökande utanförskap och en av orsakerna till ett ökat utanförskap är arbetslöshet. Denna rapport beskriver några nya sätt att skapa arbetstillfällen, framförallt för människor som står långt ifrån arbetsmarknaden. Det kan vara människor med funktionsnedsättning, med invandrarbakgrund, som fastnat i långtidsarbetslöshet etc. Rapporten belyser några av de insatser som pågår idag för att skapa arbeten för dessa grupper genom framväxten av socialt företagande med det primära målet att få människor i sysselsättning

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  • 3.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Arbetare eller konsument i folkhemmet?: en paradoxal historia2007In: Arbetarhistoria i brytningstid / [ed] Victor Lundberg, Centrum för Arbetarhistoria , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Att göra social förändring: en bok om Sofielund Agency2014Report (Other academic)
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  • 5.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Gitarrsolon som folkbildning och hantverk. Bland proffs och amatörer på musikhus och folkhögskolor 1975–19902005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Argumenten för att studier av ungdomars värderingar och hur de möter, formar och formas av institutionella strukturer och de värderingar som råder i dessa är inte svåra att finna. Det är också intressant att se hur ungdomar organiserar sig, skaffar nödvändiga resurser och bildar eller knyter an till olika nätverk. I denna text vill jag framför allt lyfta fram frågeställningar relaterade till amatörism och professionalitet och folkbildningsinstitutionernas roll. Min ambition är dessutom att försöka relatera detta till en lokal och regional kontext.

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  • 6.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    ’Gross National Happiness’: Romantic dream or serious alternative?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been conclusive shown that the paradigm of economic growth, and more specifically, of GDP, is seriously flawed and is providing incentives for socially as well as ecologically unsustainable systems (Stiglitz, Sen & Fitoussi 2009, Fioramonti 2017). However, the alternative measurement frameworks that have been suggested have, with some, mostly local or regional exceptions, had little impact on policy structure. Largelly, they have provided indexes, which enthusiasts have shared in social media, but where impact in actual policy making have been marginal. In this paper, the focus will be on the one exception: Bhutan, where the concept of ’Gross National Happiness’, GNH, was coined more than four decades ago, but was not operationalized as a policy tool until in the 2000s (Göpel 2016). Bhutan, and the concept of GNH, has been highlighted in a number of contexts such as biodiversity, carbon neutrality, as well as social dimensions. The question, however, is to what extent the experience of Bhutan is relevant for industrialized countries. For Bhutan, the process was not about a transition from a fossil-fueled economy, but about having a choice of what direction the country’s development should take (McDonald 2010). Still, the indicators and that have been developed as part of the GNH framework are familliar to those that work with sustainability indicators in general, with some notable exceptions – such as the emphasis on culture, heritage and spiritual dimensions (Brooks 2013). In this presentation, the ambition is to discuss the challenges and possibilities of the GNH concept, and to what extent its possible to implement aspects of GNH in industrial/post-industrial capitalist economies.

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  • 7.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Koloniområden i Malmö: för kropp, själ och försörjning2013In: Malmö 1914: en stad inför språnget till det moderna / [ed] Roger Johansson, Göran Larsson, Mezzo Media , 2013, p. 334142-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När koloniområden började etableras i Sverige under det sena 1800-talet och tidiga 1900-talet, fanns en uttalad koppling till det som kallades ”den sociala frågan”. En aspekt av detta handlade om de svåra förhållanden som arbetarbefolkningen i städerna levde under, vilka inte sällan beskrevs som nedbrytande för såväl hälsa som moral. En bärande tanke med koloniträdgårdsrörelsen var att bidra till ökad livskvalitet för denna grupp.

  • 8.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    New Orleans, Gud och Naturen2007In: Apocalypse now: fakta, ideologi och domedagsscenarior i klimatförändringarnas kölvatten / [ed] Bodil Liljefors Persson, Johanna Gustafsson Lundberg, Föreningen Lärare i religionskunskap (FLR) , 2007, p. 44-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 9.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Part 1: What is biosphere entrepreneurship?2011In: Biosphere reserve entrepreneurship: A pilot study on social entrepreneurship in the biosphere reserve Lake Vänern Archipelago and Mount Kinnekulle, Sweden;, Skaraborgs kommunalförbund , 2011, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a pilot study with the ambition of connecting social entrepreneurship with the values of the Biosphere reserve, for development of innovative enterprise. The preliminary study is comprised of three parts: a new definition of the concept of social entrepreneurship in relation to the conditions and circumstances of the Biosphere reserve (Biosphere Entrepreneurship); an analysis of the present situation and future needs; and a description of an innovation system and a model for social entrepreneurship in the Biosphere reserve (Biosphere Innovation System).

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  • 10.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sockerbetsodling och sockerindustri2012In: Arbete, fritid och politik på landsbygden kring Helsingborg / [ed] Anna Christina Ulfsparre, Mats Greiff, Helsingborgs Stad , 2012, p. 47-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 11.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Stapelbädden: An innovative meeting place2013In: The Western Harbour: experiences and lessons learned from Malmö, Sweden / [ed] Bengt Persson, Arkus , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The future is a sweet dream: sugar production in Scania c. 1800-19302009In: Transceding boundaries: environmental histories from the Øresund region / [ed] Fredrik Björk, Per Eliasson, Bo Poulsen, Malmö University , 2009, p. 58-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 13.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Edvik, Anders
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Organizing for urban farming: Knowledge sharing in cross-sectorial networks2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years, urban farming has increasingly been regarded as an important strategic approach to sustainable urban development. The aspects that urban farming are said to aim towards spans the whole spectrum of urban sustainability – from access to healthy food to increased biodiversity and social cohesion (Cockrall-King 2012; Bendt, Barthel & Colding 2013). While projects and inspirational activities have largelly focused on farming itself, less attention have been directed towards organizational aspects. Managing and developing urban farming initiatives (often organized as non-profit organizations) means that organizations needs to navigate between and collaborate with a range of partners, many of whom are part of public administration. The diverse character of the organizations involved, and the different aims that these organizations have with urban farming initiatives, means that there will be colliding and contrasting institutional logics and rationalities. This may lead to conflicts, but can also promote innovation (Coule & Patmore 2013). Both for public administration and for urban farmers, access to knowledge is crucial to reach the aims of the initiative. Also, it is not uncommon that several public administration bodies have interest in the urban farming. A common response is to form loosely organized networks which include a wide range of actors. Sometimes, these networks may also achieve more formal status, such as the Guelph Wellington Food Round Table, in which the University play an important role (Hayhurst, Dietrich-O'connor, Hazen & Landman 2013) or the Toronto Food Policy Council, initiated by the health department of the City of Toronto (Blay-Palmer 2009). An interesting example of local governance, is Malmö Stadsodlingsnätverk. In 2011, environmental coordinators in one of the City of Malmö’s departments decided to call for a network meeting, where anybody who had an interest in urban farming could participate. Five years later, this loosely coordinated network is still active. It includes public servants, urban farmers, non-profit organizations, activists and others (Larsson 2015). This form of organizing in the field of sustainability is interesting in several ways. By not having a formal role, it is difficult to use the structure to excercise power. Rather, the structure enables an exchange of knowledge between peers. Relevant knowledge and engagement are the factors that give participants legitimacy. With no administrative structure, knowledge sharing can be extremely efficient but at the same time difficult to plan or control. Using concepts from Svensson & Von Otter (2001) this may be regarded as a network- or activation strategy. A key question, however, is to what extent this networked or activation strategy will work if urban farming in Malmö continues to grow and take new forms, such as more commercially oriented activities. Formalizing the structure might lead to a situation where competing institutional logics become more pronounced, and may lead to less knowledge sharing and de-legitimize the network. The aim of our presentation is to discuss aspects of organizing for sustainability, using examples from urban farming. We suggest that these forms of organizing, which have taken similar form in different contexts, may also be relevant for other fields of urban sustainability, where cross-sector collaboration and knowledge sharing are crucial. References: Bendt, Pim; Barthel, Stephan & Colding, Johan (2013). Civic greening and environmental learning in public-access community gardens in Berlin. Landscape and Urban Planning. No. 1, pp. 18-30. Blay-Palmer, Alison (2009). The Canadian Pioneer: The Birth Generics of Urban Food Policy in Toronto”.  Journal of International Planning Studies. No. 4, pp.401-416.  Cockrall-King, Jennifer (2011). Food and the City. Urban agriculture and the new food revolution. New York: Prometheus Books. Coule, T. & Patmore, B. (2013). Institutional logics, institutional work, and public service innovation in non‐profit organizations. Public Administration, vol. 91, no. 4, pp.980-997. Hayhurst, R., Dietrich-O'connor, F., Hazen, S. & Landman, K. (2013): Community-based research for food system policy development in the City of Guelph, Ontario. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 18:5, 606-619 Larsson, A. (2015). Odling över gränser. Malmö: Stadsområde Norr Svensson, L. & von Otter, C. (2001). Projektarbete: Teori och praktik. Med sagan om diamanten som sprängdes, Stockholm: Santérus.

  • 14.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Eliasson, Per
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Fritzbøger, Bo
    Inledning2006In: Miljöhistoria över gränser, Malmö högskola, 2006, p. 7-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Eliasson, PerMalmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).Fritzbøger, BoKöpenhamns universitet.
    Miljöhistoria över gränser2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Eliasson, Per
    Poulsen, Bo
    Local livelihoods and global challenges: understanding human interaction with the environment2009In: Transcending boundaries: environmental histories from the Øresund region / [ed] Fredrik Björk, Per Eliasson, Bo Poulsen, Malmö University , 2009, p. 7-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 17.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hansson, Jens
    Lundborg, David
    Olofsson, Lars-Erik
    An Ecosystem for Social Innovation in Sweden: A strategic research and innovation agenda2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report represents the continuation of a national dialog among actors across Sweden with the aim of identifying promising areas of development for the social innovation system. The output of this dialog is a list of suggestions that would support the advancement of social innovation knowledge and practice within academia, the public sector, civil society and business. The recommendations put forward in this agenda aim to leverage the growth of individuals and organizations wanting to develop social innovations that assist in addressing societal challenges in line with the European Union’s and Sweden’s innovation policy strategies (the explicit targets of addressing grand societal challenges).

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  • 18.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Johansson, Roger
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Malmö's history after 1850': Co-creating Malmö's history2016Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 19.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    De gröna stadsrummens koreografi: Moral och motstånd i urbaniseringens tid2008In: Inne och ute i Malmö: Studier av urbana förändringsprocesser / Ebba Lisberg Jensen och Pernilla Ouis (red), Malmö högskola, Institutionen för urbana studier , 2008, p. 57-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 20.
    Björk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Olsson, Per
    Understanding supportive networks for social-ecological innovation2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technologies and innovations have fueld economic growth for centuries, but it is evident that they have also degraded the ecosystem services on which we all ultimately depend. The challenges that social systems face on a global scale have also reached a scale where the concequences could become very serious. It has become increasingly clear that in the future, innovations must be developed and implemented so that they contribute to reinforce the resilience of social as well as ecological systems (Olsson & Galaz 2011). The approach of social innovation highlights new cross-sector relationships, and bring active citizens and civil society organizations to the heart of the innovation process. For social-ecological innovation, this is just as important, to bridge the gap between citizens, reasearchers and policy makers, not least to link the social entrepreneurship process to institutional entreprenurship in order to reconfigure governance structures (Westley et al 2011). Today, much attention is directed towards the streamlining and professionalizing the social innovation process, highlighting organizational and managerial tools. But less attention has been directed towards the innovation system or supportive network where social-ecological innovation takes place. If it is based on different values, aims and approaches than conventional innovation, what facilities, competencies and resources do we need to see in this system? In this paper, we turn our attention to the Biosphere Reserve Vänern Archipelago, and the process to develop a Biosphere Innovation System, focusing on social-ecological innovaition, building on social-ecological resilience. (Bergstrans, Björk & Molnar 2011). Challenges here include how to create interactive innovation spaces and keeping the social-ecological focus while scaling innovations.

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  • 21. Calzada, Igor
    et al.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Cross Border City-Regions Beyond Nation-States: Basque & Oresund Comparative Cases2014Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 22. Calzada, Igor
    et al.
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Future of City-Regions from a Social-Ecological Innovation perspective2013Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    Edvik, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den projektkompetenta idrottsföreningen: en studie av idrottsföreningarnas förmågor att genomföra projekt2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie är genomförd av Anders Edvik och Fredrik Björk (verksamma vid Malmö högskola). Studien belyser en i tiden allt vanligare organiseringsform: Projekt. Omfattande ekonomiska resurser satsas numera på idrottsrörelsen och då ofta i form av projektanslag. Idrottsföreningarnas förmåga att initiera, genomföra och avsluta projekt blir därför av betydelse då projekten både utgör en möjlighet till utveckling och en temporär verksamhet som fordrar resurser. För en idrottsförening kan projekt, såsom Handslaget och Idrottslyftet, vara ett tillskott för verksamheten som möjliggör extra satsningar på exempelvis avlönade tränare och/eller införskaffande av utrustning. Tvärtemot detta kan projekt även vara kostsamma då arbetet många gånger fordrar administrativa insatser. Föreliggande studie visar att idrottsföreningarnas projektkompetens hänger i hög grad samman med enskilda föreningseldsjälar. Det saknas organisatoriska stödstrukturer som underlättar projektarbetets olika delar, vilket kan leda till bristande långsiktighet i verksamheten och en sårbarhet för föreningen. Studien visar även att projekt kopplas samman med tidigare och/eller pågående satsningar som görs i samarbete med exempelvis skolan. Detta innebär att projekten utgör tillskott snarare än belastning för föreningen, och där projekten vävs samman med externa samarbetsaktörer. I detta sammanhang bör projekt inte förstås som isolerade företeelser avgränsade i tid och från övrig verksamhet, utan som en möjlighet till utveckling av verksamheten. Samverkan och integration av kunskap är väsentligt i stärkandet av föreningens projektkompetens. Detta gäller både tillvaratagandet av kunskap som finns utanför den egna föreningen samt den som medlemmar, föräldrar, tränare har och som finns inom densamma. Eldsjälar är en drivkraft, men organisatoriskt stöd underlättar för denna kraft att utvecklas.

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  • 24.
    Edvik, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Social Change Through Temporary Short-term Interventions: The Role of Legitimacy in Organizing Social Innovation2016In: Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprises: Nordic Perspectives / [ed] Linda Lundgaard Andersen, Malin Gawell, Roger Spear, Routledge, 2016, p. 198-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature on social innovation is growing quickly, covering many aspects of the phenomenon. However, in this chapter, we argue that organizational aspects of social innovation is a topic that deserves more attention. Using institutional theory, more specifically, the concept of legitimacy, the aim is to look at why project grants have become an important way of organizing social innovation processes, especially those that are structured around cross-sector collaboration. The argument is illustrated by five examples of initiatives working with social innovation and social entrepreneurship in the Region of Skåne in southern Sweden.

  • 25.
    Håkansson, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Brunnström, Pål
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Lindholm, Tommy
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Lundberg, Susanna
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Ristilammi, Per-Markku
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    New voices in the narratives of the city2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A collection of city walks showing the history of Malmö has been translated into Arabic, and 19 Arabic speaking guides have been trained to show the city to an audience of visitors and residents. The Institute of the History of Malmö is planning a research project regarding what happens to the city’s narratives when new narrators and a new audience receive them, in a language that is new to the context. In the first part of the project we have interviewed guides about their role in narrating the history of the city, why they chose to be part of the project and what they what to achieve by guiding. Malmö is not today, and has never been, a homogenous city. The last few decades this has become a central part of the city’s identity. Although housing segregation is just as important as in other cities, people seem to feel that the segregation of public space is less obvious here. This contributes to a sense of “us” that includes differences on many levels, a complex and heterogeneous identity that this project seeks to contribute to. The research project accompanying the translated guided walks will take particular interest in three points: 1) How do the narratives change when new narrators and a new audience take them on? The guides’ and the audience’s relation to Malmö, their social and cultural references and relations to various collectives in the city will affect the narratives, we want to know how. 2) How do the narratives change by being linguistically translated from the language involved in the creation of the place to a language with other frames of reference? 3) How are the new narratives brbrought back and allowed to affect the hegemonic narratives of the city?

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  • 26. Lundgaard Andersen, Linda
    et al.
    Fæster, Monika
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svensson, Annika
    Freiesleben, Tine
    Braun, Daniel
    Peters, Carin
    Kurki, Helena
    Samarbejde omkring unges indtræden på arbejdsmarkedet: en tværsektoriel Øresundsmodel2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På båda sidor sundet, i Danmark och i Sverige, står vi inför samma utmaningar, när det gäller unga i utanförskap. Därför är uppgiften om att förbättra möjligheterna för dessa unga att komma in på arbetsmarknadenen av de viktigaste. Vi har genom de sista 20 åren sett att ungdomsarbetslösheten har varit konstant, och det betyder att vi måste göra något annat än det, vi brukar att göra. Vi måste skapa en större synergi och förenkla vägarna till samverkan för den offentliga sektorn, för näringslivet, för den idéburna sektorn och inte minst för de unga. Detta har varit utgångspunkten för arbetet i projekt NEO. Denna skrift utgör projektets slutrapport.

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  • 27. Noväng, Lars
    et al.
    Johansson, Per
    Björk, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Challenging Power in the Public Debate: The Conversation as a Commons2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the discussion on urban governance and the commons, surprisingly little attention is targeted towards the underlying structures of political debate – in media as well as in physical space – where the agendas and speaking orders are predetermined by established power structures. Invitations to panels and seminars, moderation are guided by already evident positions in the discourse and landscape of power, based on institutionalized perceived “expertise” – academic or otherwise – or a position of power, by being a “decision maker”. Sometimes a random representative of “the public” or from “vulnerable groups” may be invited to provide “diversity”. But the structure is already given and institutionalized, and thus the outcome will rarely be something else than a pure reproduction of the map of institutions and political power (McCann 2001). There are, however, alternative interventions that aim to challenge these structures, providing what might be understood as a commons of ideas and politics, focusing on unsettling formal structures of political debate. One such example is the Conversatory (“konversatoriet”, www.konversatoriet.se), an open source art-based research intervention (McNiff 2008) where all particpants are required to leave behind their formal attributes of power and engage in a conversation where ideas and human experiences are at the center. In this presentation, we will discuss and analyze the implications of alternative modes of political discussion and debate, such as the Conversatory, and the possibilities that lies here for a more commons-based exchange of ideas and possibly decision-making.

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