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  • 1.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Norberg, Johan R.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Challenges and Change Readiness in Grassroot Sport: Literature Review2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 2.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Norberg, Johan R.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Challenges and Change Readiness in Grassroot Sport: Popular summary2023Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Sports can strengthen social inclusion and tackle various economic, social, and environmental challenges, bind individuals and communities together and promote objectives such as health, education, climate action, sustainability, and social development. Nonetheless, organised sport at the grassroot level in Europe is facing severe challenges: declining membership rates, reduced levels of physical activity among adolescents and difficulties in recruiting volunteers. Sport organisations, in particular in the non-profit sector and with limited resources, are struggling to find time and resources to create new sustainable, inclusive and innovative ways to work. 

    The Erasmus + project CHANGE – Cooperation for Change Management and Innovation in Sports (CHANGE) has been created to equip sport’s governing bodies, sport organisations, and sport leaders with new, innovative, and sustainable tools to support sport at the grassroot level. Coordinated by ENGSO, it consists of eleven partners from nine countries: 1) research (Malmö University & EASM), 2) sport organisations (UFEC-Catalonia; Basics Sport Club, Belgium; World Snowboard Federation, Austria; Latvian Sports Federation Council; DIF, Denmark; and Opes, Italy) and 3) experts in the field of sport and digitalization, inclusion/engagement and sustainability (SandSI, N3XT Sports and ENGSO).  

    Within CHANGE, the Department for Sport Sciences at Malmö University is responsible for background research regarding change management and innovation in contemporary grassroot sports in Europe. In this report, we summarise research activities carried out in 2023 and insights from 3 workshops with stakeholders from sport organisations and academia. 

    The overarching research questions in this report are: 1) What challenges are the grassroot sport movement/organisations facing today? 2) Are the grassroot sport organisations equipped to handle the challenges? Do they have change readiness? 3) How can we understand the results?   

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  • 3.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrotten i Malmö2020In: Malmö stads historia 1990-2020: Nionde delen 1990-2020 : Band 2 / [ed] Roger Johansson, Malmö: Kira Förlag , 2020, p. 311-345Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Activity Interfaces: Breaking Down the Barriers at Public Activity Places2018In: The 26th European Sport Management Conference, September 5-8, 2018, Malmö, Sweden, Managing Sport in a Changing Europe, Book of Abstracts, Malmö University , 2018, p. 269-270Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 5.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Arenors lokalisering, betydelse och användning2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten baseras på en utvärdering av näridrottsplatser som delfinaniserats av Handslaget. Kan laddas ner på: http://www.rf.se/ImageVault/Images/id_903/scope_128/ImageVaultHandler.aspx

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  • 6.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Att utveckla idrottens anläggningar2015In: Idéer för idrottsutveckling / [ed] Josef Fahlén, Staffan Karp, SISU Idrottsböcker , 2015, p. 193-208Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Bilder av vardagens platser. Kulturgeografiska reflektioner kring Urbloveprojektet i Malmö2011In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. LXIX, no 4, p. 179-190Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Bra med samhällsnytta, men… (krönika)2018In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2018-04-06Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Missförstå mig rätt. Att svenska elitfotbollsklubbar i ökad utsträckning visar på samhällsengagemang och samhällsnytta är väldigt positivt. Många parametrar går i rätt riktning. Det finns många lovvärda satsningar inom elitfotbollsklubbarna.

  • 9.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Brukar- och medborgardialoger2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om och utveckling av kollektivtrafik kan bedrivas på många olika sätt. Här berättar K2 om deras Living Lab i Uddevalla med syftet att lära sig mer om samverkansfrågor i kollektivtrafiken och fördjupa insikterna i resenärsperspektivet. Vilka kollektivtrafikfrågor tycker olika aktörer och grupper är viktiga? Vilka olika uppfattningar om kollektivtrafik kommer fram när aktörer och invånare får komma tills tals? Hur kan vi arbeta vidare utifrån dessa? Insatser och inriktning bestäms av vad deltagarna kommer fram till. Arbetet bedrivs gemensamt av två forskningsområden inom K2: Samverkan och Resenärsperspektivet.”

  • 10.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Dags att tänka nytt om platser för idrott och fysisk aktivitet: Utbud, tillgänglighet och flexibilitet2022In: Idrottsanläggningar – i dag och i morgon: Om behov, tillgänglighet och konkurrerande intressen / [ed] Centrum för idrottsforskning, Stockholm: Centrum för Idrottsforskning , 2022, p. 21-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin inleds med ett kapitel av Karin Book, disputerad i kulturgeografi och universitetslektor i idrottsvetenskap vid Malmö universitet. Book har lång erfarenhet av forskning och utvecklingsprojekt i frågor kopplade till ytor och anläggningar för idrott och fysisk aktivitet. Hon är även flitigt anlitad av idrotts- rörelsen och av kommuner som forskare och expert i frågor rörande idrottens och den fysiska aktivitetens roll i den fysiska planeringen, om hållbar utveckling och om stadsutveckling. I denna text bidrar Book med en reflekterande text om människors tillgänglighet till idrott och fysisk aktivitet med fokus på just anläggningsfrågor. Book visar med belysande exempel att det går att lägga många och skilda perspektiv på begrepp som ”idrottsanläggning” och ”tillgänglighet”. Hon varnar även för förenklade antaganden och förhastade slutsatser. Som exempel påpekar hon att fler anläggningar inte med automatik leder till ökade idrottsaktiviteter. Individers reella tillgänglighet till idrottsytor påverkas även av faktorer som personliga intressen, samhälleliga trender, socioekonomiska förutsättningar och tillgången till kulturella nätverk. Hon redogör även för det Vinnova-finansierade projektet Equalizer där forskare, arkitekter och Malmö stad gick samman för att utveckla nya verktyg med målet att göra existerande aktivitetsplatser i Malmö mer jämställda och inkluderande.

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  • 11.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Damerna i underläge på golfbanan2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-08-09Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Den nya, annorlunda idrotten är här2018In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2018-05-07Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Den svenska folkrörelsemodellen fungerar om den reformeras”. Det sa Björn Eriksson i en paneldiskussion i Göteborg tidigare i år. Just det där med reformering genomsyrade konferensen. Det stod klart att svensk idrott befinner sig i en förändringsfas – den är därtill nödd och tvungen.

  • 13.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Det här önskar människor (krönika)2015In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2015-12-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tjejerna lyfte fram köpcentra och caféer och kanske är sociala ytor i anslutning till idrotten för att möjliggöra socialt häng det kanske mest centrala då idrottsytor planeras eller byggs om framöver.

  • 14.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Det ser tjockt ut: Tankar hur och var vi skapar tid för fysisk aktivitet2009In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 56-60Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Det spektakulära och det vardagliga2008In: Idrott och city-marketing / [ed] Karin Book, Bo Carlsson, Idrottsforum.org , 2008, p. 95-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet ställs två stadsutvecklingsstrategier mot varandra: den hållbara staden och den globalt konkurrenssträvande staden. Dessa belyses med såväl idrottsexempel som andra exempel.

  • 16.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fast OS är inte så tokigt2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-03-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fysiska miljöer för fysisk aktivitet - en mångfacetterad utmaning (I: Idrott i planering - idrott för utveckling)2008In: Idrott i planering - idrott i utveckling / [ed] Fredrik Gunnarsson, Sveriges kommuner och landsting , 2008, p. 23-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet visar på vilken mångfacetterad uppgift det är att skapa miljöer som är attraktiva för fysisk aktivitet.

  • 18.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Här söker alla exponering2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-06-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Här är tjejernas egna svar (krönika)2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-03-14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Vi är just tjejer och därför idrottar vi inte och så vi värdesätter betydelsen av att vara med kompisarna”, det är deras egna svar på frågan om varför inte fler tjejer idrottar.

  • 20.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrotten i den fysiska planeringen2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att visa på hur kommuner arbetar med fysisk planering, till exempel översiktsplanering, och hur idrotten och idrottsfrågor kommer in eller kan komma in i planeringsprocessen. Kopplat till detta syftar projektet också till att identifiera hinder och möjligheter för att idrottsfrågor kan rymmas i den fysiska planeringen.

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  • 21.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrottens hållbara rum och arenor2014In: I gråzonen: en antologi om idrottens etiska utmaningar / [ed] Christine Dartsch, Johan R Norberg, Johan Pihlblad, Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2014, p. 71-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Både stora multiarenor och kommunala badhus har under senare år blivit dyra affärer för idrotten, skattebetalarna och miljön. Hur skapas egentligen hållbara idrottsliga rum som är anpassade till både dagens och framtidens behov och intressen?

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  • 22.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrottsgeografi: Fysisk aktivitet äger rum2016In: Idrottsvetenskap: en introduktion / [ed] Susanna Hedenborg, Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 211-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Jag skäms lite, men... (krönika)2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-01-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De som anmäler sig till matcherna ska anstränga sig, ta det på allvar helt enkelt. Och jag ska erkänna något som jag skäms lite för; det händer att jag går in och tittar i serietabellerna för att se hur våra lag ligger till…

  • 24.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Kapplöpning med tiden som motståndare2012In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 34-37Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 25.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Marketing (through) ‘the Different’: The example of homo sports events2010In: Abstract Book: 18th EASM Conference in Prague: Bridging Sport Management Across Europe, EASM - European Association for Sport Management , 2010, p. 106-106Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Mer transparens krävs vid arenabyggen2018In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2018-04-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har mer eller mindre hållit mig borta från arenadebatten i Sverige i flera år, även om jag har följt den passivt. Nu har jag åter dragits in i debatten, denna gång med fokus på fotbollsarenor. För 8-10 år sedan handlade det mest om multiarenor. Jag tycker dock inte att det hänt så mycket sedan dess. Problemen är fortfarande olösta och det finns fler frågor än svar.

  • 27.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Motions in the city: Activity and mobility in a segregated city2012In: The 20th EASM conference: Sport between business and civil society: abstract book, Danish Institute for Sports Studies , 2012, p. 141-142Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 28.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Motions in the City: Physical Activity and Mobility in a Segregated City2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a long tradition of youth sports in non-profit sports clubs that belong to what is known as the Swedish sports movement. A large proportion of adolescents are at some point members of the sports movement; however, this share is decreasing, and sports participation is becoming increasingly diverse. This paper deals with the activity level and geographical/territorial range in connection to physical activity among adolescents in three residential areas with different spatial and socio-economic characteristics in Malmö, Sweden. The methods employed include surveys, interviews and field trips, and the time-geographical constraint concept is used as a tool for understanding the patterns. Organised activities are more frequent among the adolescents in the middle-class area than in the lower status areas. The self-organised activity rate is fairly high in all areas, but the geographical range increases with socio-economic status and fewer constraints. In this paper, I also discuss the planning of different types of physical-activity places and emphasise the importance of ordinary, everyday environments, in which many adolescents spend their leisure time. However, it is also essential to develop new types of spaces for physical activities and social interactions; to invite different groups, preferably in new constellations, into the planning process; and to spread information concerning the supply of spaces and activities in a way that reaches out to all groups.

  • 29.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Olympiska kommittén kan lära mycket av Malmös senaste evenemang2014In: Sydsvenskan, ISSN 1652-814X, no 2014-02-08Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Debattartikel om vinter-OS i Sotji under rubriken Åsikter, Sydsvenska Dagbladet, 8 feb 2014.

  • 30.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Physical activity, self-organized sport, and sustainable urban development2017In: Routledge Handbook on Sport, Sustainability and the Environment / [ed] Brian P. McCullough, Timothy B. Kellison, Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A sustainable city is not only a city where the air is clean, waste is recycled, motor traffic is reduced, and ecological questions are central to city planners, but it is also a city that creates opportunities for its citizens to live healthy lives. This consideration includes prioritizing planning for physical activity, a central focus in this chapter. In particular, in this chapter, I discuss how physical activity and sport in public spaces can serve as tools for making cities more sustainable, with a particular emphasis on Swedish cities.

  • 31.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Planning for activity: linking physical activity trends and urban development trends2015In: 20th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Sustainable Sport, 24-27 juni 2015 Malmö, Sweden, European College of Sport Science , 2015, article id 242Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation takes as point of departure a number of physical activity and sporting trends in Sweden, but also other Western World countries. The trends highlighted, are of an everyday and non-elite character and include among others: Decreased interest in organized sport activities, increased interest in flexible, individual and self-organized activities as well as activities provided by commercial actors, the rise of ‘new’ activities like parkour and lifestyle sports and a growing activity segregation. A common feature of these activities is a need for other (urban) environments than ordinary sports facilities. This paper analyses the new physical activity trends in the light of urban development and planning, using research results and examples from different cities. The presentation has a conceptual and comprehensive character using results mainly from three research projects conducted by Karin Book: -The role of sport in urban plan- ning: This project deals with the perception of sport and its role and place in urban planning in Sweden. The starting point of this project is on the one hand the changing conditions for planning including for instance increased focus on densification and infill strategies as well as new solutions for integration of different functions. And, on the other hand it is the changing conditions for the sports movement and how sport is carried out. -Motions in the city. Physical Activity and Mobility in a Segregated City: This project deals with the activity level and geographical/territorial range in connection to physical activity among adolescents in three residential areas with different spatial and socio-economic characteristics in Malmö, Sweden. Moreover, the project deals with the planning of different types of physical-activity places in ordinary, everyday environments, in which many adolescents spend their leisure time. -Running out of time? Strategies and perceptions in connection to physical activity: This project concerns perspectives on time use and perception and strategies for physical activity with basis in the following research question: how, when and where do employed people (in Sweden), age 30-50, find time and space for physical activities? This project highlights both exercise trends among the adult population and the role of the spatial context. These projects are connected under the heading of planning for activity.

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  • 32.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Planning for sport in a changing urban and sport context2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM This presentation deals with the perception of sport and its role and place in urban planning in Sweden with basis in a research project carried out 2013-2015. The main research questions are: • How do changing conditions within sport and urban planning affect the planning for sport? • How are sport (as in organised sport) and sport issues being handled in the urban planning? • How is sport viewed and defined in urban planning? BACKGROUND The starting point of this project is on the one hand the changing conditions for and policies within urban planning including increased focus on densification and infill strategies as well as new solutions for integration of different functions (see for instance Boyko & Cooper, 2013). And, on the other hand it is the changing conditions for the sports movement and how sport is carried out. This includes a decreased interest in organised sport activities, increased interest in flexible, individual and self-organised activities as well as activities provided by commercial actors, the rise of ‘new’ activities like parkour and lifestyle sports and a growing activity segregation. A common feature of these activities is a need for other (urban) environments than traditional sport facilities. (For an international perspective on sport participation see for instance: Nicholson Hoye & Houlihan, 2011). METHODOLOGY This project analyses sport in urban development and planning, using research results and examples mainly from Malmö and Stockholm. The approach is qualitative. Although planning processes and the frames for it, like legal regulations, have been studied, the most important part of the project has been about gaining a deeper understanding of meanings and perceptions regarding sport among planners and planning among sport organisations. Several types of material and methods have been used, for instance analysis of planning and legal documents, semi structured interviews with 21 persons representing municipal planning and leisure departments, sport organisations etc, a focus group and a workshop. The results have been presented in a report published by the Swedish Sports Confederation (Book, 2015). RESULTS The main results could be summarised as follows, where each of the points will be discussed and illustrated in the oral presentation: • Changing definition/perception of sport among planners: where the definition has become wider in order to include self-organised physical activities, which is fuelled by a critical perception of organised sport and of the municipal leisure or sport department. • Changing focus in urban planning: mainly towards health related strategies rather than traditional sport. • As a consequence health, recreation, physical activity, self-organised sport (and sport as part of the experience economy) are gaining support in urban planning, while more traditional sport activities and facilities are not. A common quote among planners: ”Well, it is hard to find space for a football pitch”. • A growing need and demand for coordination of different types of leisure and sport activities and cooperation between different actors and sectors. • A growing need for sport organisations/the sport movement to understand how planning works, as the level of knowledge is low and hence the opportunities to participate. • A need for sport organisations to develop strategies for handling the criticism among planners (and others) in order to be included in the planning processes. REFERENCES Book, K. (2015) Idrotten i den fysiska planeringen. FoU-rapport 2015:2. Stockholm: RF. Boyko, C.T. &, Cooper, R. (2013) Density and Decision-Making: Findings from an Online Survey. Sustainability 2013, 5(10), 4502-4522 Nicholson, M., Hoye, R.& Houlihan, B. (eds.) (2011) Participation in Sport: International Policy Perspectives. Abingdon and New York: Routledge. Swedish Sports Confederation (2011) Svenska folkets idrotts- och motionsvanor. Stockholm: RF.

  • 33.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Planning for sport: The perception and handling of sport in urban planning in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation deals with the perception of sport and its role and place in urban planning in Sweden with basis in a research project carried out 2013-2015. The main research questions are: • How are sport (as in organised sport) and sport issues being handled in the urban planning? • How is sport viewed and defined in urban planning? Several types of material and methods are being used, for instance planning and legal documents, interviews and focus groups. The starting point of this project is on the one hand the changing conditions for planning including increased focus on densification and infill strategies as well as new solutions for integration of different functions. And, on the other hand it is the changing conditions for the sports movement and how sport is carried out. This includes a decreased interest in organised sport activities, increased interest in flexible, individual and self-organised activities as well as activities provided by commercial actors, the rise of ‘new’ activities like parkour and lifestyle sports and a growing activity segregation. A common feature of these activities is a need for other (urban) environments than ordinary sports facilities. This project analyses sport in urban development and planning, using research results and examples mainly from Malmo and Stockholm. The main results could be summarised as follows: • Changing definition/perception of sport among planners. • Changing focus in urban planning. • Health, recreation, physical activity, self-organised sport (and sport as part of the experience economy) are gaining support in urban planning, while more traditional sport activities and facilities are not. ”Well, it is hard to find space for a football pitch”. • A growing need for demand for coordination of different types of leisure and sport activities and cooperation between different actors and sectors.

  • 34.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Representationer av staden genom mobilen: Kulturgeografiska reflektioner kring Urbloveprojektet2011Report (Other academic)
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  • 35.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Running out of time? Physical activity strategies in time and space2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although most people are aware of the health benefits of physical activity, it’s not easy to fit it into the busy everyday schedule. That’s the point of departure for this study: How, when and where do Swedish employees within knowledge-based sectors, age 30-50, find time and space for physical activities? How can the results be related to the general physical activity trends in Sweden? Which types of environments are considered favourable for physical activity? The empirical material consists of 550 surveys at three major work places, in-depth interviews with six persons within the target population, statistical material, etc. The majority of employees within knowledge-based sectors have an ambition to be physically active (and a majority is). Difficulties in finding time for physical activity make them develop different strategies to cope with physical activity, such as: preferences for time-efficient and flexible activities, using lunch breaks for gym-session or for walks, active transports, etc. Physical activities take place mainly in public space and commercial facilities. An attractive environment around the workplace favours physical activity in connection to the workday.

  • 36.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Running out of time?: strategies and perceptions in connection to physical activity2013In: 18th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science: 26th-29th June 2013, Barcelona: book of abstracts, National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (ECSS) , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Although most people are aware of the health benefits of physical activity, it is not easy to fit it into the busy schedule of everyday life. The knowledge about how adults in the middle of their careers reason about physical activity and develop strategies to be active is surprisingly limited. Therefore, this study aims at increasing the knowledge by answering the following research questions: How, when and where do employed people (in Sweden), age 30-50, find time and space for physical activities? How do these people reason about physical activity and time in everyday life? At an early stage of the study, running stood out as a popular activity among the target population: How could the running trend be explained? Theoretical Departures and Methods The theoretical framework of the project concerns perspectives on time use and perception and strategies for physical activity (see for instance Robinson & Godbey, 2000; Zuzanek, 2004). Physical activity refers to the whole scale from light to intense activities. Methods for gathering empirical material: 550 surveys at three major work places in Malmo, interviews with gym owners regarding training trends, field studies and in-depth interviews with six persons within the target population. Finally, the running trend has been problematized. Results - The majority of full-time employees within knowledge-based sectors has an ambition to be physically active (and a majority is). A high preoccupation with the importance of exercising also results in feelings of pressure and guilt. - Difficulties in finding time for physical activity make individuals develop different strategies to cope with physical activity, such as: preferences for time-efficient and flexible activities, using lunch breaks for gym-session or for walks, exercising early mornings on the way to work, active transports, creating challenges in order to push themselves, etc. - Flexible work hours are considered favourable for being physically active, but also stressful as leisure and work time blend together. - Organizational rather than economic incentives for training by the employer are preferred. - The running trend could be understood in different ways: running as a flexible, accessible and efficient activity, as back to basics, a lifestyle, as pressure and inspiration from social media, as a demand for being challenged, as part of commodification and a product of the event industry, etc. References Robinson, J. & Godbey, G. (2000) Time for Life. The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time. Penn State Press, Pennsylvania State University. Zuzanek, J. (2004) Work, leisure, time pressure and stress. In: Haworth, J.T. & Veal, A.J. (ed.) Work and Leisure. Routledge, London.

  • 37.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Running out of time? Time and space management for physical activity2011In: Commitment in Sport Management: Book of Abstracts, GB Creation & Advice Consulting, Madrid, Spain , 2011, p. 105-106Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Research Questions: A few years ago I was standing outside an office building in London Docklands around noon watching a group of people cooling down after a running session. I interpreted the situation as follows: this was a group of people in the middle of their careers, working hard, commuting, having children to take care of after work and as a consequence trying to find a time slot for physical activity in the lunch hour. These thoughts ended up in one pilot study, one article (Book, 2009) and one extended project based on the following questions: 1. How, when and where do employed people (qualified work, mainly academics) in the age between 30 and 50 find time and space for physical activities? The selected group is likely to work a lot and have children living at home. By physical activity is meant everything from walking to the bus stop to heavy, conscious training (see for instance Caspersen, Powell & Christenson, 1985). 2. How does the design of the work place and its surroundings affect the opportunities for activities in connection to the working day?

  • 38.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Rörelser i staden: aktivitet på olika villkor i Malmö2012In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 1, p. 30-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 39.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Rörelser i staden: en studie av ungas fysiska aktiviteter och geografiska rörlighet i tre områden i Malmö2012Report (Other academic)
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  • 40.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Strategier i framkant eller bara en vit elefant? Idrott, urban marknadsföring och utveckling2008In: Inne och ute i Malmö: Studier av urbana förändringsprocesser / Ebba Lisberg Jensen och Pernilla Ouis (red), Malmö högskola, Institutionen för urbana studier , 2008, p. 183-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Strategier i framkant eller bara en vit elefant? Idrott, urban marknadsföring och utveckling (I: Inne & ute i Malmö)2008In: MAPIUS: Inne & ute i Malmö;2 / [ed] Ebba Lisberg Jensen, Pernilla Ouis, Malmö University Publications in Urban Studies (MAPIUS) , 2008, p. 183-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottens betydelse i dagens city-marketing analyseras med fokus på idrottsevenemang och arenor.

  • 42.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Sverige ifrågasattes starkt (krönika)2016In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2016-11-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många i lokalen nickade instämmande. ”Den svenska idrotten är inget föredöme” sa en person och jag hann lagom hämta mig inför nästa åsikt ”den svenska idrottsrörelsen är den värsta dinosaurien av alla idrottsrörelser”. Chocken var nästan total. Det här hände i Köpenhamn på en stor konferens för ett tag sen. Jag erkänna att jag blev minst sagt förvånad.

  • 43.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Så här kan och ska du träna2018In: Idrottens Affärer, no 2018-01-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många svenskar har avlagt nyårslöften. De ska börja träna alternativt träna mer. Men var och hur ska träningen äga rum? Kommer den överhuvudtaget att bli av?

  • 44.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    The Sochi winter games: marketing and sustainable development - or neither nor?2013In: The Sochi predicament: contexts, characteristics and challenges of the Olympic Winter Games in 2014 / [ed] Bo Petersson, Karina Vamling, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, p. 41-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Work and Work Out: Time and space strategies for physical activities2011In: Book of abstracts, 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport. Department of Education, Umeå University, Sweden, EASS , 2011, p. 141-141Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A few years ago I was standing outside an office building in London Docklands around noon watching a group of people cooling down after a running session. I intepreted the situation as follows: this was a group of people in the middle of their carriers, working hard, commuting, having children to take care of after work and as a consequence trying to find a time slot for physical activity in the lunch hour. These thoughts ended up in one pilot study, one article and one extended project based on the following questions: 1.How, when and where do people in the age between 30 and 50 find time and space for physical activities? The selected group is likely to work and have children living at home. By physical activity is meant everything from walking to the bus stop to heavy, consciuos training. 2.How does the design of the work place and its suroundings effect the opportunities for activities in connection to the work day? My pilot study showed that the selected group find it hard to find room for physical activities in their daily programmes, and usually prefer flexible solutions like walking and running. Strategies (from what I – based on intensity and aims – call micro strategies to heavy training) in connection to or during the work day were common. Example of micro strategies is for instance using the stairs, while examples of more heavy training was going to the nearby gym during the lunch hour. Furthermore, I found examples of time deepening strategies, like taking a walk while supervising students. Another strategy was to use time slots that nobody else in the family claimed, like very early mornings. At the moment a more extensive material is analysed (including for instance 550 surveys) and will be ready to present at the conference.

    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 46.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Att göra det organiserade spontant eller organisera det spontana: om lösa relationer i en flytande tid2018In: Sport management: Del 1 Idrottens organisationer i en svensk kontext / [ed] Åsa Bäckström, Karin Book, Bo Carlsson, PG Fahlström, SISU Idrottsböcker , 2018, p. 190-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    A diagnosis of environmental awareness in sport and sport policy2011In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 401-416Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sheds light on the problematic, but urgent, relation between sport and its environmental effects by focusing on the development of internal policies in the Swedish sport movement as well as on external normative pressures for a sustainable environmental development. The materials in this study portray a passive (and blind) governance in relation to an official environmental policy at macro and meso levels, regardless of the manifestations of individual environmental projects in everyday sport practices. The analysis shows that the ideology of the autonomy of sport and the emphasis on self- regulation, regularly upheld by the Swedish Sports Confederation, is obsolete.

  • 48.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Rent spel: Rättvise- och kravmärkt idrott, och frågan om ett hållbart samhälle2009In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 74-78Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Eskilsson, Lena
    Coming Out in Copenhagen: Homo Sports Events in City Marketing2010In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 314-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intense competition between places means that new and more differentiated marketing strategies are becoming increasingly important in order to attract visitors and other target groups. In order to be seen, gain positive media attention and put the place on the map many cities try to develop marketing concepts based on experiences, among other things. One such strategy used by many places is to focus on sports, including big events and arenas as well as different kinds of sports activities. Another present-day strategy is to highlight and commercialize 'the different', for instance homosexuals. An interesting phenomenon in this context is the merging of sports and homosexuals and the use of this as an economic development strategy. In this essay we analyse the homo sports event World Outgames as an outcome in the intersection between city marketing, the commercialization of sports and the commercialization of homo culture.

  • 50.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Eskilsson, Lena
    The Orestad Model2008In: Geographies that matters - Annual International Conference 2008, Royal Geographical Society , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The organizational and financial model of developing land use and metro in Orestad (Denmark) is analysed.

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