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  • 1. Borges, Jorge Luis
    Hemer, Oscar (Editor, Translator)
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Borges I (1923-1944): Jorge Luis Borges: Samlade verk. Urval.2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första volymen av tre som samlar Jorge Luis Borges verk på svenska. Samlingen är kronologisk och första delen omfattar åren 1922-1944. Översättningarna är gjorda av Lasse Söder­berg, Oscar Hemer, Sun Axelsson/Marina Torres, Ingegerd Wiking och Johan Laserna.

  • 2. Borges, Jorge Luis
    Söderberg, Lasse (Editor, Translator)
    Borges II (1945-1970): Jorge Luis Borges samlade verk.Urval.2019Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The second volume of Jorge Luis Borges' collected works in Swedish comprises the period 1945-1970 and includes full versions of the books El Aleph, Otras inquisiciones and Informe de Brodie and a generous selection from the other books. Most of the material is newly translated and published for the first time in Swedish

  • 3. Borges, Jorge Luis
    Söderberg, Lasse (Editor, Translator)
    Borges III: 1971-19862020Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Frödén, Lucy Cathcart
    et al.
    University of Oslo.
    Hemer, OscarMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Conviviality and Contamination2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue of PARSE Journal is the result of a collaborative project, with “conviviality” and “contamination” as inspirational but not delimiting concepts. It has been carried out by an international group of twelve artists and academics, writers and researchers, who came together in the autumn of 2022 to generate the body of work presented in the volume.

    The project began with transversal forms of writing as its main focus, with the original cohort of contributors all active at the interface of literary and academic writing. However, as the process developed and more participants were drawn into the project, sound emerged as a secondary focus and an alternative angle from which to approach the themes of conviviality and contamination. Overall, the contributions perhaps represent the contributors' own “hot compost pile” of voices, art forms and perspectives.

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  • 5.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Antropologen som författare2012In: Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0802-7285, E-ISSN 1504-2898, no 01, p. 111-113Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 6.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Argentinatrilogin2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Argentinatrilogin består av romanerna Cosmos & Aska (2000), Santiago - Historien om Gerardo K (2007) och Misiones (2014), med efterord av Thomas Hylland Eriksen. Argentina-trilogien, som har tyngdepunkt i Malmö og Rio de la Plata, skildrer en bestemt tidsånd og stemning fra tiden like før og like etter århundreskiftet. Det er en betydelig prestasjon, som savner sidestykke i svensk samtidslitteratur ved både å utfordre romanens grenser og beskrive et lite stykke svensk samtid som ikke har vært utforsket litterært tidligere.

  • 7.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Bengaluru Boogie: outlines for an ethnographic fiction2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003 I visited Bangalore for the first time, as a reporter, making the Indian IT capital a symbol of the emerging economic powerhouse. The reportage, written on commission for a journal, was never published. Ten years later I revisited Bangalore (Bengaluru) as part of the Memories of Modernity project, and I tried to approach the city from a different angle, both thematically and methodologically, juxtaposing my first journalistic impressions to some form of literary understanding. My tentative discussion on ethnography and fiction will take as its starting-point my previous “artistic research” on South Africa and Argentina, in which I have investigated the same material by both ethnographic and literary means. I am especially interested in the relation between the two practices as related yet radically different means of exploring a near or distant past of traumatic violence

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  • 8.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Bengaluru Boogie: Outlines for an Ethnographic Fiction2015In: Memory on Trial: Media, Citizenship and Social Justice / [ed] Oscar Hemer, Anders Hög Hansen, Thomas Tufte, LIT Verlag, 2015, p. 127-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 9.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Between the Horror Show and the Wall of Silence Reflections on fiction and truth in the transition processes of South Africa and Argentina2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa and Argentina are both extraordinarily rich in cultural production and moreover share a common experience of transition from a traumatic near past; in South Africa the system of racial segregation known as Apartheid and the culmination of violence in the ”interregnum years”; in Argentina the latest military dictatorship and its ”dirty war” on the militant left, which took the character of extermination. The concept of transition has different connotations in the two cases, primarily due to the diametrically opposed political experiences. The demise of the apartheid state was conceived as the victory of the liberation struggle, whereas Argentina’s return to democracy was in a way the result of a double defeat; the annihilation of the revolutionary guerrillas was followed by the humiliation for their vanquishers in the disastrous war against Great Britain over the Falkland/Malvinas islands. The inventory of the cultural production of the transition distinguishes between reactive and proactive expressions with regard to the disputed near past. The first category applies to most of the books and films that were produced in the aftermath of the truth commissions. Like the contemporary media coverage of the Argentinean Conadep and the South African TRC, many of the early narrations had a sensationalist tinge and contributed to el show del horror, as it was called in Argentina. In South Africa, the horrors were to be played down for the reconciliatory purpose, whereas Argentina soon saw the emergence and prevalence of what could be regarded as another form of reactive response; the dissociation from “the failed utopias”, through irony or mockery. The reactive expressions basically reproduce the fictions that are circulating in the society. The disputed past is signaled by common markers that tend to turn into clichés; in Argentina the Mother come Grandmother of Plaza de Mayo, the adopted orphan come adolescent in search of his/her disappeared parents, and, as counterpart, the distinguished gentleman next-door with a shady past as torturer and murderer; in South Africa the disillusioned former freedom fighter come drug addict and petty criminals vs. the incompetent affirmative action beneficiary or the noveau riche black businessman in his conspicuous BMW. Generally speaking, these narratives are mirroring the transition in a way that may be interesting from an ethnographic point of view, but neither as art nor as social critique. The proactive strategy, by contrast, implies an interrogation of society and history by means of fiction (or documentary forms with fictional elements). Both South Africa and Argentina abound with examples of such interrogations that arguably have played a proactive role in the transition process, displaying public lies and self-deceptions, deconstructing prevailing myths rather than forging new identities.

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  • 10.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Borgesiana2021Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    JORGE LUIS BORGES (1899–1986) är en av nittonhundratalets mest ikoniska förfat­tare. Hans berömmelse vilar både på den ny skapande litteratur han producerade under mer än ett halvt sekel och på mytologin kring hans liv: han var den unga avantgardisten, den utvalde huvudbibliotekarien vid nationalbib­lioteket i Buenos Aires, den stridbare Peron­-motståndaren som gjorde mer än ett politiskt snedsteg och, på ålderns höst, den blinde bar­den som fostrade en ny generation författare.

    I nio essäer djupdyker Borgeskännaren Oscar Hemer i Borges liv och författarskap utifrån lika många perspektiv, till exempel kärle­ken till hemstaden Buenos Aires, de ideliga förälskelserna, fascinationen för den judiska mystiken och förhållandet till Sverige och Nobelpriset.

    Idén till boken föddes under arbetet med de tre stora volymer med Jorge Luis Borges verk som Tranan givit ut under de senaste åren. Oscar Hemer — som varit en av redaktörerna och översättarna — började skriva en bok som kan ackompanjera läsningen av Borges egna texter, skriven i en på samma gång lärd och personlig stil.Boken kan ses som en pendang till de tre Borges-volymerna och fungerar både som fördjupning och läsguide, samtidigt som essäerna också är lättillgängliga och allmänbildande för den vanliga läsaren.

  • 11.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    ComDev in the Margins2015In: Glocal Times, E-ISSN 1654-7985, no 23/23, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 12.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM). Malmö University.
    Communicating Cosmopolitanism, Conviviality and Creolisation2020In: Communicating for Change: Concepts to Think With / [ed] Jo Tacchi & Thomas Tufte, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 123-133Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses three concepts—cosmopolitanism, conviviality and creolisation—that, although emanating from diverse historical and academic contexts, are clearly interrelated and, arguably, interdependent. Ivan Illich (Tools for Conviviality, New York: Perennial Library, 1973) envisioned a post-industrial convivial society of “autonomous individuals and primary groups” which resembles present-day manifestations of ‘convivialism’. Paul Gilroy (After Empire: Melancholia or Convivial Culture? London: Routledge, 2004) refashioned conviviality as a substitute for cosmopolitanism, denoting an ability to be ‘at ease’ in contexts of diversity. Rather than replacing one concept with the other, this chapter explores the interconnections between them. The urgency of today’s global predicament is a recurring reason to bring them in dialogue. From the perspective of Communication for Development, the as yet little explored axis between conviviality and creolisation is potentially the most interesting one.

  • 13.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Contaminations and Ethnographic Fictions: Southern Crossings2020Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is an experimental interrogation in the crossroads of literature and anthropology (fiction and ethnography). “Southern Crossings” refers to travels in the Global South, i. e. India and, primarily, South Africa, whereas “contaminations” invokes a supposed tradition of genre transgression and cross-over writing. The form aims at being congenial with the subject: an exploration of purity vs. impurity, or racialisation vs. creolisation, and a reflection on identity and boundaries, personal and collective. Close readings of Mary Douglas (Purity and Danger), Edouard Glissant (Poetics of Relation) and others (Appadurai, Coetzee, Zimitri Erasmus) are interfoliated with a fictional autoethnography in third person (and third gender), spanning from 2007 to 2018. Many anthropologists have tried literary or journalistic forms of expression, but this book is an unusual, if not unique, approach to anthropology from the literary writer’s position. It ambitiously competes on both literary and academic merits.

  • 14.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Excerpts from the World Waltz: Contamination as literary genre and anthropological research method2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent do the academic and literary practices truly converge? Is it even desirable that they fuse into new genres? These are questions that I have struggled with the last decade in my double capacity as literary writer and academic researcher. I am currently exploring a cross-genre that I at first, for lack of a better term, called ethnographic fiction (Hemer 2015; 2017). I have however lately decided to opt for the term contamination, based on the tradition outlined by Appiah (2006), going from Roman playwright Publius Terentius Afer, whose fusions of comedy and tragedy were called contaminations, to Salman Rushdie, the supposedly foremost contemporary successor. Appiah does however not present a more specific definition of this tradition of contamination; in fact, Terence and Rushdie are the only names mentioned. I take it as an open and intriguing suggestion for a trans-genre in the borderland of art and academia, in which I inscribe my own work. Contamination as a genre is a congenial form for exploration of contamination as a subject - the purity/impurity discourse (Douglas 1966); creolization (Glissant 1990; 1997; Hannerz 1986; 1996; Gutiérrez Rodríguez 2015; Erasmus 2017) - with South Africa as my principal case (Hemer 2012). A "migratory aesthetics" fits well to frame the work in progress I present to this panel.

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  • 15.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Familj: en fiktion2022Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Strax före jul får syskonen Beyonce och Lasse ett överraskande sms: ”Nu har pappa och jag bestämt att vi reser bort några veckor. Ni är välkomna att bo i Sandäng medan vi är borta. Det finns mat i kylen. Puss. Mamma”.

    Åtta månader senare är Leo och Tania fortfarande spårlöst försvunna. Men alla löpande räkningar betalas per autogiro, till och med ICA-kortet fylls på automatiskt varje månad. Lasse är kvar i huset på Österlen efter att ha svultit sig genom en snövinter som lokalt skördade fler liv än pandemin. Beyonce, hans räddare i nöden, kommer nu tillbaka från Christiania och flyttar in med sin katt i föräldrarnas sovrum. 

    Familj är en roman om den i grunden slumpmässiga fusion av två individers gener, förhoppningar och minnen som i sin tur är produkter av slumpmässiga kombinationer av ärvda och förvärvade egenskaper och erfarenheter i två eller tre led – så länge det levande minnet varar. Ramhandlingen utspelar sig pandemiåret 2020 på Österlen, men berättelsen sträcker sig över tre generationer och tre kontinenter till bland annat sjuttiotalets Tanzania och den finska krigsvintern 1939-40.

  • 16.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM). South Africa.
    Law-Viljoen, Bronwyn
    South Africa.
    Ntshanga, Masande
    South Africa.
    Farewell to the Rainbow Nation?: a conversation between Oscar Hemer, Bronwyn Law-Viljoen, Masande Ntshanga and Ivan Vladislavic2023In: PARSE Journal, E-ISSN 2002-0953, no 16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    More than a quarter of a century since Nelson Mandela became the country’s first democratically elected president, the racial categories of apartheid live on in South Africa. The proud vision of the “Rainbow Nation” is now being challenged by various forms of populism, with racial thinking as the common denominator. How can one advocate for non-racism and cosmopolitanism—in South Africa and the world—without being perceived as a defender of the privileges of the white minority? Oscar Hemer, Professor of the Arts at Malmö University, considers these questions in discussion with South African author colleagues Masande Ntshanga, Ivan Vladislavić and Bronwyn Law-Viljoen.

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  • 17.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Fiction and truth in transition: writing the present past in South Africa and Argentina2012Book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Fiction, Anthropology and2022In: The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology / [ed] Callan, Hillary; Coleman, Simon, Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropology’s interest in fiction as method, and as ethnographic data, can be traced

    to the literary turn in the 1980s, although the close relation between anthropology

    and literature goes back to some of the early anthropologists who were also excellent

    authors.The new orientation, sparked by James Clifford and George Marcus’s seminal

    anthology Writing Culture, essentially entailed the unsettling of the former balance, in

    classical ethnography, between the “ethnographic self” and the “personal self,” enabling

    a plurivocality in ethnography that resembles the shifting subject positions of a novel.

    From its original focus on the writing process and as an approach to literary methods

    and formats, literary anthropology has grown and diversified to also encompass

    the reading of literary texts, including fiction. A parallel tradition in visual anthropology

    includes the cross-genre ethnofiction (Jean Rouch) and the use of fictional staging

    as a method. Although blurred, the border between fiction and ethnography remains

    asserted.

  • 19.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Fiction's Truth and Memories of Modernity2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Memories of Modernity in South Africa connote two parallel tendencies in literature and other forms of mediated fiction – probably in the arts in general. On the one hand an attempt to link back to an idealized pre-apartheid past. A past often depicted and interpreted as an early form of modernity which is brutally interrupted. The second tendency, closely connected to the first, is the attempt to come to grips with the alleged parenthesis of apartheid: the investigation of the recent past with its first momentum coinciding with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The urge for reconciliation seems to overshadow the quest for truth. The Christian redemption theme, combined with the fictional structure of the very proceedings, has served almost as a matrix for artistic and literary expression in the transitional period.

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  • 20.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Fiction's Truth and Social Change. Preliminary outlines for an investigation of fiction as a research method and a means of communication for social change2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As indicated by Appadurai (1996) and Ashcroft (2001), fiction has a privileged position in relation to journalism and other writing practices when it comes to promoting social action and change. Dramatized fictions, not least, in the form of live theatre, film or broadcast soap operas, are potentially very powerful communication tools. Literature played a key-role in building the imagined communities of both colonial empires and nation-states, in Europe as well as in the newly independent former colonies of Africa, Asia and the Americas. Today, not only literature but also other forms of mediated fiction may serve as important means of deconstructing the same mythologies and, possibly, foster the building of new transnational communities. My focus in this paper is on literary fiction as a transgressive means of investigation on the one hand and as a vehicle for cultural identification and social empowerment on the other. I will argue that these two aspects are intrinsically connected, and that the second aim should be subordinated to the first. Keywords are Truth, Transgression and Interpolation.

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  • 21.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Författaren som forskare - tautologi eller självmotsägelse?2010In: Forskning och kritik: granskning och recension av konstnärlig forskning / [ed] Torbjörn Lind, Vetenskapsrådet , 2010, p. 101-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    My research project ‘The Truth of Fiction’ (Fiktionens sanning) poses a simple, vast question: What can fiction tell us about the world that journalism and academic prose cannot? I tackle it by exploring two specific cases, South Africa and Argentina, and the relationship between literary fiction and society’s dramatic, traumatic transformation in these two countries over the past two or three decades. One premise of mine has been to adopt, in my investigation, the author’s rather than the literary researcher’s stance. But what does it mean in practical terms? Can an author research his own occupation? Literature is itself, after all, a form of knowledge, but there are ample grounds for the assumption that authors themselves are the people least suited to analyse the literary aspects of their own works. Attempting, in praxis, to answer the question of what artistic research on literature is all about confronts me with the dilemma of finding a single form that may, in some sense, be described as matching the content of the investigation. This dilemma is presumably unresolved. The answer is a paradox — tautology and self-contradiction alike — and the form an impossibility. My preliminary solution is necessarily a compromise: a kind of academic journalistic essay, personal and subjective but with no element of fiction and fulfilling all the requirements of academic exactitude. My fundamental lesson from the ongoing knowledge process is that writing is the foremost method. I write my way through a field resembling Borge’s garden of forking paths, in which every reference leads to another and not always back to the main path. Where I ultimately end up, I know only when the writing is finished. So far, my bid to carry out artistic research has been reminiscent of my novel projects: they too have extended over several years and changed their guise in the course of the process. But the conclusions from this both banal and revolutionary insight remain to be drawn when I am done. And someone else, perhaps, should then draw them.

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  • 22.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Global histories through the lens of fiction2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature has historically played an important role as witness-bearer to the incidents of mass violence that formed an intrinsic part of modernity in the 20th century - especially when other forms of documentation have been scarce or missing altogether. But today, when the media and new information and communication technologies give us immediate access to almost all dramatic events in the world, there is less incitement for literature to assume that role. More than just supplementing authentic testimonies, literary fantasy can however also be an important corrective, as demonstrated by the two cases of Argentina during the military dictatorship (1976-82) and South Africa during Apartheid (Hemer 2012a). The transition processes were in both countries supported by systematic investigations of the state violence, in Argentina the CONADEP (1983-84), in South Africa the TRC (1995-98), arguably the two to date most influential Truth Commissions, with a crucial impact on cultural production. Many, if not most, of the books and films that were produced in the aftermath of the truth commissions served a redemptive purpose, in the name of national reconciliation (South Africa), or in order to absolve the general public from complicity (Argentina). Rather than opening up for discussion, the mainstream cultural production sealed the new, official history. Yet literature – more than any other medium or art form - did also play a proactive role in the transition process, displaying public lies and self-deceptions, and deconstructing prevailing myths rather than forging new identities. The most effective literary approaches to the present past were, in the Argentinean case, in fact the opposite of witness literature, working the void of experience and often deploying the curious tense of the future past. In parallel with my interrogation of ‘fiction’ and ‘truth’ from a writer’s perspective, which in the end brought me to the cross-roads of Literature and Anthropology and resulted in a dissertation in Social Anthropology (Ibid.), I have worked on the same material in a hybrid literary form (Hemer 2012b), and lately by purely fictional means, in the concluding part of a novel trilogy, set in a near future (Misiones, forthcoming). With my experimental ethnographic research as a starting-point, I intend to discuss its relation to my more recent literary research, as two related yet radically different means of exploring global modernity.

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  • 23.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Going to the Dogs2023In: PARSE Journal, E-ISSN 2002-0953, no 16Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On his fourteenth journey to South Africa, Oscar Hemer repeatedly comes across the casual expression “going to the dogs” and starts reflecting on dogs and other companion species with regards to his ongoing exploration of “speculative anthropology”. When does something go to the dogs? Is there a correlation between contaminated diversity and decline? Even though contamination may appear to be a hopeless motto for political mobilisation at present, he arrives at the conclusion that it is the only option for a country—and a planet—increasingly pressured by essentialisms of multiple varieties that all counteract the fine balance of everyday conviviality.

    The chronological travel account from March 2022 is juxtaposed with a parallel text, written before and after (October in Berlin), which from a slightly altered perspective reflects on the process and the form of the “Conviviality and Contamination” project.

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  • 24.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Impurity and Danger: Excerpt from Cape Calypso2020In: Conviviality at the Crossroads: The poetics and politics of everyday encounters / [ed] Oscar Hemer, Maja Povrzanovic Frykman, Per-Markku Ristilammi, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, p. 247-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter assumes that the globally resurging nationalism, identity politics and xenophobia may be explicated by the conceptual dichotomy Purity-Impurity. South Africa is an especially apt case for such analysis. Twenty-five years after the transition, its inhabitants are still divided according to the apartheid categories and very modest progress has been made in breaking former barriers and changing attitudes. Yet, whereas apartheid was one of the foremost applications of a “politics of purity”, the Western Cape has also historically been one of the epicentres of creolisation. By means of an experimental cross-genre (literary and academic) approach, the apartheid vision of “separate development” is here interrogated as suppressed creolisation. The chapter is an abbreviated excerpt from a forthcoming diptych on creolisation vs. racialisation in South Africa.

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  • 25.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Islands in Distress: Making Sense of the Malvinas/Falklands War2017In: The Global South Atlantic / [ed] Joseph Slaughter, Kerry Bystrom, Fordham University Press, 2017, p. 144-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The short 1982 war between Argentina and Great Britain over the Malvinas/Falklands had far-going consequences for both countries. In Argentina, the disastrous defeat became the decisive blow to six years of military dictatorship. In Great Britain, the resounding victory was conceived as a personal triumph for the contested Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. This chapter interrogates the similarities of the symbolic significations attached to the islands (and the conflict), with mirroring myths of national renewal and adjoining crusade or romance-quest rescue scenarios, and argues that these have been more thoroughly scrutinised in Argentina than in the UK. Approaching the 35th anniversary of the war, the conditions on the islands and the South Atlantic regional context are resoundingly different, but the conflict remains unresolved.

  • 26.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Literary Truth in Transition2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A transition does not necessarily imply a move from a closed society to an open one, but the transition period itself is usually a period of opening, and it is therefore especially interesting from the perspective of literary and cultural production, since the dialectic between culture and society comes in the open. Literature has, perhaps more than other forms of expression, an ability of looking back and looking forward simultaneously, reinterpreting the past and forecasting the future. Rewriting modernity, or history – even writing history for the first time, exploring material that has been left untouched, waiting to be narrated. In South Africa, literature – and the arts in general – have played a proactive role in the transition process of the ‘90s, mainly endorsing the new democratic government, but also taking a critical stand, deconstructing prevailing myths, rather than forging new identities. In Argentina, the role of literature has until now been reactive, at best. There are several reasons for this difference, some of which have to do with dissimilar historical contexts, others with diverse literary traditions. But the basic explanation is political. In South Africa, the former “terrorists” are now the ruling party. In Argentina the armed struggle of the ‘60s and ‘70s ended in total defeat. It is easier to stretch out a hand of forgiveness from a position of power, and in the conviction that this position was obtained through the struggle. In Argentina a quite common leftist view would be that the (class) struggle continues, and there has been little self-examination among surviving representatives of the guerrilla groups. The idea that the aged mothers and grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo – now in their eighties – or the children and grandchildren of the disappeared, who have often been politically radicalized from their infancy, would extend a hand of forgiveness to the torturers and murderers, who for the most part have never been convicted for their deeds, is almost unthinkable.

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  • 27.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memories of a Modernity to be: On truth and reconciliation in transitional South Africa2007In: Glocal Times, no 8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Truth and reconciliation are decisive factors in contemporary South African culture. 'Memories of modernity' connote two parallel tendencies in literature and other forms of mediated fiction. Firstly, a yearning to link back to an idealized pre-apartheid past – often depicted and interpreted as an embryonic modernity which is brutally interrupted. Secondly, the attempt to come to grips with this alleged parenthesis: the investigation of the recent past by experimental means.

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  • 28.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memories of a Modernity-to-be: Some reflections on South Africa's unresolved dilemma2008In: CFE Conference Papers Series;3 / [ed] Johanna Lindbladh, Institute for Educational Sciences, Lund University, Sweden, 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As indicated by Appadurai (1996) and Ashcroft (2001), fiction has a privileged position in relation to journalism and other writing practices when it comes to promoting social action and change. Dramatized fictions, not least, in the form of live theatre, film or broadcast soap operas, are potentially very powerful communication tools. My focus in this paper is on literary fiction as a transgressive means of investigation on the one hand and as a vehicle for cultural identification and social empowerment on the other. I will argue that these two aspects are intrinsically connected, and that the second aim should be subordinated to the first. I will specifically discuss South Africa in the transitional period from 1991 to the present as my case, with emphasis on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and its impact on culture and public debate.

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  • 29.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memories of the future past: on literary and ethnographic means to explore global modernity2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature has historically played an important role as witness-bearer to the incidents of mass violence that formed an intrinsic part of modernity in the 20th century - especially when other forms of documentation have been scarce or missing altogether. But today, when the media and new information and communication technologies give us immediate access to almost all dramatic events in the world, there is less incitement for literature to assume that role. More than just supplementing authentic testimonies, literary fantasy can however also be an important corrective, as demonstrated by the two cases of Argentina during the military dictatorship (1976-82) and South Africa during Apartheid (Hemer 2012a). The transition processes were in both countries supported by systematic investigations of the state violence, in Argentina the CONADEP (1983-84), in South Africa the TRC (1995-98), arguably the two to date most influential Truth Commissions, with a crucial impact on cultural production. Many, if not most, of the books and films that were produced in the aftermath of the truth commissions served a redemptive purpose, in the name of national reconciliation (South Africa), or in order to absolve the general public from complicity (Argentina). Rather than opening up for discussion, the mainstream cultural production sealed the new, official history. Yet literature – more than any other medium or art form - did also play a proactive role in the transition process, displaying public lies and self-deceptions, and deconstructing prevailing myths rather than forging new identities. The most effective literary approaches to the present past were, in the Argentinean case, in fact the opposite of witness literature, working the void of experience and often deploying the curious tense of the future past. In parallel with my interrogation of ‘fiction’ and ‘truth’ from a writer’s perspective, which in the end brought me to the cross-roads of Literature and Anthropology and resulted in a dissertation in Social Anthropology (Ibid.), I have worked on the same material in a hybrid literary form (Hemer 2012b), and lately by purely fictional means, in the concluding part of a novel trilogy, set in a near future (Misiones, forthcoming). With my experimental ethnographic research as a starting-point, I intend to discuss its relation to my more recent literary research, as two related yet radically different means of exploring global modernity. This discussion aims at being a platform for a possible transdisciplinary intervention within the current Memories of Modernity project, and it will include a workshop on imagining the future pas

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  • 30.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memories of Violence: Literature and transitional justice in Argentina2015In: The Performance of Memory As Transitional Justice / [ed] Elisabeth S Bird, Fraser Ottanelli, Intersentia, 2015, p. 181-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature has historically played an important role as witness-bearer to massacres and incidents of mass violence, especially when other forms of documentation have been missing. But today, when the media and new information and communication technologies give us immediate access to almost all dramatic events in the world, there is less incitement for literature to assume that role. More than just supplementing authentic testimonies, fi ction can add an important dimension to the interrogation and understanding of the horror, as demonstrated by the case of Argentina in the processing of the experience of the military dictatorship (1976–82). Whereas the testimonial narratives were a prime source of knowledge about the crimes of the Dictatorship, and served a crucial purpose as evidence in the judicial process, these testimonies are not more reliable than other sources when it comes to occurrences that preceded the Dictatorship or that were not related to the repression. Memory recurs to simplifi ed narrative forms that tend to replace analysis. In order to understand, the imagination has to distance itself from the subjective memory and become refl ective. Th erefore, literary fi ction may, paradoxically, present the most accurate images of the traumatic recent past and of its fabric of ideas and experiences Th e maturity of memory (and ‘postmemory’) is also a signifi cant factor. Unlike news reports, witness testimonies, and other documents, the literary text may sometimes reveal its historical/ethnographic value only in retrospect. It appears as prophetic, as forecasting the future. Yet, it oft en requires a long ‘incubation time’. Th e literary interpretation of historical events and social processes may need a distance in time of 30 or 40 years.

  • 31.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memories of Violence: Truths of victory and defeat in South Africa and Argentina2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa and Argentina share the common experience of dealing with a traumatic near-past; in South Africa, the system of racial segregation and suppression known as apartheid and the violent so-called interregnum years; in Latin America, the military dictatorships and the so-called dirty war on the militant left, which in Argentina took on the character of systematic extermination. The transition processes were in both countries supported by systematic investigations of the state violence, in Argentina the CONADEP (1983-84), in South Africa the TRC (1995-98), arguably the two to date most influential Truth Commissions, with a crucial impact on cultural production. The fundamental disparities between the two cases are primarily due to the diametrically opposed outcomes of the political militancy. The demise of the apartheid state was conceived as the victory of the liberation struggle, whereas Argentina’s return to democracy was, in a way, the result of a double defeat; the annihilation of the guerrillas in the dirty war and the subsequent humiliation for their vanquishers in the Malvinas (Falklands) disaster. The paper, based on the author’s extensive research of fiction’s role in the transition processes (Writing Transition : Fiction and Truth in South Africa and Argentina), specifically explores how the differing views on revolutionary violence have changed over time, from the 1980s to today, as reflected in literature and film, and how the notions of victory and defeat have determined the conditions for reconciliation.

  • 32.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Memory for Development: Amnesia, xenophobia and participatory communication in a South African context2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Memory work, understood as the making public of memory, has not been a priority for Communication for Development, in spite of the fact that ‘conflict resolution’ has lately become one of the most important areas of ComDev practice. The mediation of social and political conflict is largely about the mediation of public memory – mediation understood as both literal peace broking and what Roger Silverstone (2008) defines as ‘actively creating a symbolic and cultural space in which meanings are created and communicated beyond the constraints of the face to face’. The prevailing conception of development implies a notion of progress, but this very idea is refuted by the dual impossibility of both continued economic growth and its reversal, ‘degrowth’ (Eriksen, in Hansen, Hemer and Tufte, 2015). If structural amnesia is a distinct feature of global modernity, then memory work may become not only a resourceful and future-posing activity but the very processor of social transformation. The paper forms part of a pre-study for a larger research project which attempts to develop a meta-theory of Communication for Development. Such meta-theory ought to accomplish two things: (1) conceptualise the history and field of ComDev research; (2) contextualise ComDev in the social sciences and humanities. The purpose of (1) is to integrate ComDev as a research field in its own right. The purpose of (2) is to define and refine the theoretical context of ComDev, with regard to specific concepts like agency, memory, justice, hope and social change—themes discussed during the four Ørecomm Festivals (2010-2014)—and thereby also systematise its connections with related research fields. The subtheme of Memory has specific relevance for participatory communication by exploring memory work as ‘communication for reconciliation’, looking at different cultural interventions’ role in conflict or post-conflict processes of mediation, with special regard to the concepts of postmemory and transitional justice. This paper will have a focus on South Africa and the possible correlation between the “Truth and Reconciliation” process afer apartheid and the current outbursts of xenophobic violence against migrants from other South African countries.

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  • 33.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Misiones2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ÅRET ÄR 2018, ett lågskaligt världskrig pågår med epicentrum i Centralasien, den interkontinentala flygtrafiken har upphört och flyktingar och lycksökare färdas återigen sjövägen från den gamla till den nya världen och från norra till södra halvklotet. Medan Europa sjunkit allt djupare i sin självbespeglande söndring så har Argentina brutit sin onda cirkel och ser ut att äntligen förverkliga sin enorma potential. Cosmos och Aska, alias Ernst och Cenice, återförenas i Buenos Aires och ger sig ut på en resa för att finna sin försvunna dotter Elena. Till Argentina och närmare bestämt svenskbyn Oberá i provinsen Misiones, kommer också romanens berättare, på spåret av en fantastisk hemlighet. Med karakteristisk förening av lätt ironi och blodigt allvar knyter Oscar Hemer i Misiones samman de tematiska trådarna i sin Argentinatrilogi (Cosmos & Aska, 2000; Santiago, 2007).

  • 34.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    "One Must Speak, One Cannot Speak": Fiction, memory and genre hybridity2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen a proliferation of truth commissions, in Latin America, Eastern Europe and South Africa, whose Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is arguably the most ambitious to date. The post-modern philosophical angst about the pursuit of truth thus paradoxically coincides with a renewed political confidence in the same process as the panacea to break away from authoritarian and violent pasts. In South Africa, the typical mixed-genre literature of the post-apartheid transition (Hirson, Krog, Ndebele, Wicomb) mirrors the inter-disciplinary complexity of the TRC itself. Moreover it seems to provide a form in which to deal with the horrific past and take possession of history, in accordance with Lyotard’s suggestion that the liminal experiences of our time demand new genres adequate to their unspeakability. South Africa’s disputed reconciliation process stands in stark contrast to Argentina, whose latest and most murderous military regime (1976-82) remains largely unrevealed. It is only in the last years that writers have begun to look its holocaust in the face (Feijóo, Kohan, Pauls, Saccomanno), often through the experience of the children of the disappeared (Alcoba, Bruzzone). By a comparative reading of recent novels from the two countries, this paper will discuss the relation between truth and fiction, and the (potential) role of literature both as a means of truth-seeking and as a vehicle for advocacy that goes beyond merely memorial reconstruction. References: Herwitz, Daniel (2003) Race and Reconciliation. Essays from the New South Africa. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Lyotard, Jean-François & Thébaud, Jean-Loup (1979) Au juste: conversations. Paris: Bourgois. Martyniuk, Claudio (2004) ESMA. Fenomenología de la desaparición. Buenos Aires: Prometeo. Sanders, Mark (2007). Ambiguities of witnessing: law and literature in the time of a truth commission. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press Wilson, Richard A. (2001) The politics of truth and reconciliation in South Africa : Legitimizing the post-apartheid state. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

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  • 35.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    "One Must Speak, One Cannot Speak": Fiction, memory and genre hybridity in transitional South Africa and Argentina2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen a proliferation of truth commissions, in Latin America, Eastern Europe and South Africa, whose Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is arguably the most ambitious to date. The post-modern philosophical angst about the pursuit of truth thus paradoxically coincides with a renewed political confidence in the same process as the panacea to break away from authoritarian and violent pasts. In South Africa, the typical mixed-genre literature of the post-apartheid transition (Coetzee, Krog, Ndebele, Wicomb) mirrors the inter-disciplinary complexity of the TRC itself. Moreover it seems to provide a form in which to deal with the horrific past and take possession of history, in accordance with Jean-François Lyotard’s suggestion that the liminal experiences of our time demand new genres adequate to their unspeakability. South Africa’s disputed reconciliation process stands in stark contrast to Argentina, whose latest and most murderous military regime (1976-82) remains largely unrevealed. It is only in the last years that fiction writers have begun to look its holocaust in the face (Feijóo, Kohan, Pauls, Saccomanno), often through the experience of the children of the disappeared (Alcoba, Bruzzone). By a comparative reading of recent novels from the two countries, I will discuss the relation between truth and fiction, and the (potential) role of literature both as a means of truth-seeking and as a vehicle for advocacy that goes beyond merely memorial reconstruction.

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  • 36.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Proactive participation in the interrogation of society and history: reflections on fiction and truth in the transition processes of South Africa and Argentina2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South Africa and Argentina are both extraordinarily rich in cultural production and moreover share a common experience of transition from a traumatic near past; in South Africa the system of racial segregation known as Apartheid and the culmination of violence in the ”interregnum years”; in Argentina the latest military dictatorship and its ”dirty war” on the militant left, which took the character of extermination. The concept of transition has different connotations in the two cases, primarily due to the diametrically opposed political experiences. The demise of the apartheid state was conceived as the victory of the liberation struggle, whereas Argentina’s return to democracy was in a way the result of a double defeat; the annihilation of the revolutionary guerrillas was followed by the humiliation for their vanquishers in the disastrous war against Great Britain over the Falkland/Malvinas islands. The inventory of the cultural production of the transition distinguishes between reactive and proactive expressions with regard to the disputed near past. The first category applies to most of the books and films that were produced in the aftermath of the truth commissions. Like the contemporary media coverage of the Argentinean Conadep and the South African TRC, many of the early narrations had a sensationalist tinge and contributed to el show del horror, as it was called in Argentina. In South Africa, the horrors were to be played down for the reconciliatory purpose, whereas Argentina soon saw the emergence and prevalence of what could be regarded as another form of reactive response; the dissociation from “the failed utopias”, through irony or mockery. The reactive expressions basically reproduce the fictions that are circulating in the society. The disputed past is signaled by common markers that tend to turn into clichés; in Argentina the Mother come Grandmother of Plaza de Mayo, the adopted orphan come adolescent in search of his/her disappeared parents, and, as counterpart, the distinguished gentleman next-door with a shady past as torturer and murderer; in South Africa the disillusioned former freedom fighter come drug addict and petty criminals vs. the incompetent affirmative action beneficiary or the noveau riche black businessman in his conspicuous BMW. Generally speaking, these narratives are mirroring the transition in a way that may be interesting from an ethnographic point of view, but neither as art nor as social critique. The proactive strategy, by contrast, implies an interrogation of society and history by means of fiction (or documentary forms with fictional elements). Both South Africa and Argentina abound with examples of such interrogations that arguably have played a proactive role in the transition process, displaying public lies and self-deceptions, deconstructing prevailing myths rather than forging new identities.

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  • 37.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Re-Inventing History. A reading of South African novels of the transition2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    History is the great forger of national identity, but literature also played a key-role in its construction, in Europe as well as in the newly independent former colonies of Africa, Asia and the Americas. Many post-colonial writers actively participated in the nation-building process, providing epics for identification and contributing to a national imaginary. In most of Africa, the national projects have failed and given room for disillusion, which may also be artistically productive. But neither happened in South Africa, where national modernization was frustrated in an embryonic stage by the imposition of Apartheid. During the transition process, and especially in the last decade, South African writers have reexamined history in the pursuit of neglected and suppressed configurations. The marginal, yet critical role of literature in the transition seems to be that of deconstructing prevailing myths, rather than the forging of new identities. This paper discusses the presence of history and the near past in recent novels by five South African witers (Zakes Mda, Marlene van Niekerk, Zoë Wicomb, Aziz Hassim and Ronnie Govender), and takes a special interest in the disclosed legacy of creolization.

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  • 38.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Round-table Discussion Led by Thomas Hylland Eriksen: The Flattening of the Public Sphere and the Loss of Respect for Knowledge2014In: Reclaiming the Public Sphere: Communication, power and social change / [ed] Tina Askanius, Liv Stubbe Östergaard, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, p. 154-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Panel discussion on "The Public Intellectual" with Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Ingrid Elam and Carsten Jensen, at the Örecomm Festival 2012

  • 39.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Sanningen mot strömmen2012In: Praktik & Teori, ISSN 1104-6570, no 1, p. 39-49Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 40.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    The Writer as Anthropologist2016In: The Anthropologist as Writer: Genres and Contexts in the Twenty-First Century / [ed] Helena Wulff, Berghahn Books, 2016, p. 172-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 41.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Till kontaminationens lov / Bengaluru Boogie2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 26, no 2/2017, p. 11-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Praise of Contamination/ Bengaluru Boogie I am currently engaging with the relation between literary and academic writing. Drawing from my experience as a literary writer and academic I interrogate how these writing practices may info each other, and whether or not they can be merged. The "ethnographic fiction" Bengaluru Boogie is part of an ongoing open-ended interrogation of the discourse(s) of purity and impurity

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  • 42.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Writing and Methodology: Literary Texts as Ethnographic Datra and Creative Writing as a Means oif Investigation2016In: Methodological Reflections on Rersearching Communication and Social Change / [ed] Norbert Wildermuth, Teke Ngomba, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 161-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter will discuss the relation between writing and ethnography from two radically different perspectives. Firstly, writing as method. In academic research, the writing process is often regarded as merely a means of conveying results, and ”good writing” is even met with suspicion. Drawing from my own experience of both literary, journalistic and academic writing I will discuss the interrelations between these three writing practices, with specific focus on creative forms of academic writing and even the deployment of fictional elements in ethnographic research. Examples will be taken from the extensive discussion on the relation between Literature and Anthropology after Anthropology’s “literary turn” in the 1980s, which has implications for many other disciplines, not least Media and Communication studies. I will argue that writing itself constitutes a methodology that is under-researched in the context of Communication for Development. The second part of the chapter will ”turn the tables” and look at literary texts (books, films or other formats) as ethnographic data. Again, primarily founding my argument on my research in South Africa and Argentina, I will claim that literature may hold key information about processes of development and social change that cannot be assessed by other means. I will specifically focus on the notion of the conceptual repertoire (Appadurai) and fiction’s role in the production of collective memory and self-understanding.

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  • 43.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Writing from an imagined diaspora2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rather than blurring the boundraries, cross-border writing makes them more transparent. The presentation discusses two interrelated projects: a dissertation in a literary form, and a novel trilogy written from an imagined diaspora, as if the author were an Argentinean exile in Sweden. Writing across borders is usually associated with the literal experience of exile: Writing in or from a diaspora, addressing the "host" culture, or the imagined "homeland" (which is often a temporal rather than spatial category). But borders can just as well be boundaries between genres, or disciplines, in which case exile and diaspora still appear as apposite metaphors. I am engaged with all these forms of transgression and my reflections upon their interrelations are based on two recently concluded writing projects: • An artistic research project investigating the role of fiction in the transition processes of South Africa and Argentina, and • A novel trilogy with strong thematic connections to the Argentinean case study. Whereas the first project in the end resulted in an academic dissertation, although in a literary form, the second project was informed by the academic research in a way that paradoxically emphasized its fictionality. Rather than blurring the borders, the transgressive efforts made them more transparent. In recent writing I attempt to merge academic and literary approaches in a cross-genre that I tentatively call ethnographic fictions. The Argentina Trilogy is written from an imagined diaspora, as if I were an Argentinean exile in Sweden, addressing experiences that obviously resonate more with an Argentinean audience than a Swedish one. Yet unless the trilogy is translated to Spanish, these potential connections will never occur. Language is the principal barrier that I am constantly and increasingly confronted with, and translation is crucial to all forms of transgressive writing.

  • 44.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Writing Transition: Fiction and Truth in South Africa and Argentina2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is the result of a four-year research project, which takes its point of departure in a simple, vast question: What can fiction tell us about the world that journalism and science cannot? The truth of fiction – if there is one – must obviously entail something other than factual truth. But how can it be assessed? This dilemma is tackled by exploring two specific cases, South Africa and Argentina, and the relationship between literary fiction and society’s dramatic transformation in the two countries over the past three decades. South Africa and Argentina are both extraordinarily rich in literary production and moreover share a common experience of transition from a traumatic near past; in South Africa the system of racial segregation known as apartheid and the culmination of violence in the ”interregnum years”; in Argentina the latest military dictatorship and its ”dirty war” on the militant left, which took the character of extermination. The concept of transition has different connotations in the two cases, primarily due to the diametrically opposed outcomes of the political militancy. The demise of the apartheid state was conceived as the victory of the liberation struggle, whereas Argentina’s return to democracy was in a way the result of a double defeat; the annihilation of the revolutionary guerrillas, followed by the humiliation for their vanquishers in the disastrous campaign to reconquer Malvinas (the Falklands) from Great Britain. Given the dissimilar historical contexts and diverging cultural traditions, the experiential correspondences between the two countries become the more striking. Literature has been a crucial means for differing attempts at looking the horrific past in the face and taking possession of history and memory. Both South Africa and Argentina abound with examples of interrogations of the present and the near past by means of fiction (or documentary forms with fictional elements) that arguably have played a proactive role in the transition process, by displaying public lies and self-deceptions, deconstructing prevailing myths rather than forging new identities. One of the premises for the investigation has been to adopt the perspective of the author, rather than that of the academic researcher. Fifteen writers are interviewed extensively; more than “informants”, they are participants in a collaborative venture. But what does the writer’s perspective imply? Attempting, in praxis, to answer the question of fiction’s truth confronts the author with the dilemma of finding a single form that may, in some sense, be congenial with the content of the investigation. The solution to this presumably impossible dilemma is an experimental compromise: a basically discursive text that borders on both journalism and literature, incorporating reportage, essay and memoir.

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  • 45.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Äventyraren vid världens ände2003Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En essä om Etiopienresenärerna Richard Burton, Arthur Rimbaud och Wilfred Thesiger

  • 46.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Örecomm Global Launch Panel: New Challenges in Communicatin for Development2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of communication for development is experiencing dynamic times, both in the theoretical debates and not least in practice. However, there is a certain inertia in the theoretical perspecrives used, and critical reflection upon how we conceive the field is not formulated. New development challenges are posing fundamental questions to the field and this panel suggests a critical assessment of these cjallenges as well as of the teheories applied to develop the field in this context. The panel addresses issues at three levels: Firsly, at the level of development theory, where Jan Nederveen Pieterse uses the 'rise of Asia' to rethink development thinking ("the return of the development state"). Secondly, at the level of development cooperation, where Karin Wilkins deconstructs the field to demonstrate how power relations remain at the core of nunderstanding communication for development practice. Finally, Thomas Tufte and Rafael Obregón review a particular and very successful communication strategy within the field: education-entertainment (EE). They suggest a broader theoretical framework which reflects the development challenges EE often is used to address.

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  • 47.
    Hemer, Oscar
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Forsare, Malena
    Kulturjournalistikens gränser2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har gränserna som tidigare definierat kulturjournalistik i svenk press blivit allt mindre tydliga. Nyhetsjournalistiska värderingar har kommit att prägla kulturbevakningen, samtidigt som den subjektiva opinionsjournalistiken spritt sig till tidningarnas helgbilagor och även till den traditionella nyhetsbevakningen. Från kulturjournalistiskt håll har de uppluckrade gränserna ofta upplevts som ett hot, sällan som en möjlighet. Kulturjournalistikens gränser är ett försök till positionbestämning av en genre som sägs ha befunnit sig i kris åtminstone de senaste tjugo åren. Åtta författare, med olika kulturjournalistisk bakgrund, reflekterar kring kulturjournalistiken, inte bara utifrån hur den ser ut idag, utan lika mycket utifrån vad den skulle kunna vara.

  • 48.
    Hemer, Oscar
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Hög Hansen, AndersMalmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).Tufte, Thomas
    Memory on Trial: Media, Citizenship and Social Justice2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book approaches the memory sharing of groups, communities and societies as inevitable struggles over the interpretation of, and authority over, particular stories. Coming to terms with the past in memory work, alone or with others, is always unsteady ground and the activation of memory will always relay imaginations of futures we want to shape and inhabit. The contributors all explore in different ways how citizens can actualize a public and how citizens and groups struggle with their pasts and presents - and other group’s understandings - in their work for futures they dream of, or envision. This implies an engagement with the notion of social justice, which in turn entails trial and revision of ideas and procedures of how to share the world. But to share also requires some kind of common ground and distributed power. The anthology thus engages with a range of cases that bring views and voices back in public, demanding justice, recognition, sometimes literally triggering new trials. Some of the memory work is done strategically, in the context of communication for development and social change interventions where NGOs, community-based organizations, governments or UN agencies pursue not just voice and views, but also very material demands for social justice and social change.

  • 49.
    Hemer, Oscar
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Persson, Hans-ÅkeDepartment of Communication, Business Information Technologies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.
    In the Aftermath of Gezi: From social movement to social change?2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of the last two years’ dramatic development in Turkey, the aftermath of the popular protests that started at Gezi Park in Istanbul in the summer of 2013 seems to be fading. What was celebrated as a sign of democratic maturity in a modern, prospective EU member state now may rather appear as an almost futile attempt to articulate visions of a pluralist political sphere in an increasingly repressive society. This introductory chapter argues, however, that Gezi was a liminal moment whose long-term implications remain to be revealed. In the prism of perspectives on Gezi that are presented in the anthology, this chapter dwells particularly on one reference point, which in the aftermath has attained renewed significance: the Öcalan crisis of 1998, which in an unexpected way were to impact both the Kurdish question and the relations between Turkey and the EU.

  • 50.
    Hemer, Oscar
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Povrzanovic Frykman, MajaMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).Ristilammi, Per-MarkkuMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Conviviality at the Crossroads: The poetics and politics of everyday encounters2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the 2015 refugee migration and its aftermath as a main reference and focal point, this anthology uses Conviviality as a lens to examine the current challenges to democracy. Conviviality and the inter-related concepts Cosmopolitanism and Creolisation are assumed to provide tools for analysis as well as forms for “cross-cutting communication”. Originally introduced by Ivan Illich (1973), conviviality was re-launched and re-defined by Paul Gilroy (2004) against a backdrop of social, racial and religious tensions in post-imperial Britain, denoting an ability to be at ease in the presence of diversity without restaging communitarian conceptions of ethnic and racial difference, and has subsequently been refined to provide “an analytical tool to ask and explore in what ways, and under what conditions, people constructively create modes of togetherness” (Nowicka & Vertovec 2014: 2). In Gilroy’s understanding conviviality was a substitute for cosmopolitanism, which in his view had been hijacked as a pretext for Western “supposedly benign imperialism” in the aftermath of 9/11 and the war on terror (Gilroy 2004: 66). But rather than replacing one concept with the other, this anthology seeks to explore the interconnections – commonalities and differences – between cosmopolitanism and conviviality. Creolisation is the other supplementary concept, by constituting a valid alternative to conventional interpretations of cross-cultural contact and allowing agency and influence to hitherto marginal and subordinate cultures and peoples (Cohen and Toninato 2010).

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