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  • 1.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Being mindful of the other2024Ingår i: The Routledge Handbook of Phenomenology and Mindfulness / [ed] Susi Ferrarello; Christos Hadjioannou, Routledge, 2024, s. 399-410Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness in contemporary psychology is associated with a form of meditation facilitated by a professional to be carried out by the client in first-person, with the purpose toward self-healing. Lately, there has been a development within psychology toward the so-called social mindfulness (SoMi), which is a construct measuring prosocial behavior, operationally defined as to provide a stranger with a choice. As such it is analogous with the notion of unselfishness found in the original ideas of Buddha's teachings but forced into the region of a natural scientific psychology. Although this chapter remains within the Western interpretation of SoMi, the purpose is to disclose an experiential gap present in the recent trend in psychology toward the idea of SoMi. It is suggested that an applied phenomenological analysis of empathy, within the context of the we-relation, can provide for a description of such an experiential gap, and as such provide for a more meaningful sense of how SoMi as an unselfish act can be achieved. Empathy is here described as following the meanings within the expression of the other within the interpersonal context of a we-relation. The conclusion is reached that empathy as interpersonal understanding is a priori for a SoMi. From the perspective of applied phenomenology, suggestions are made that an empathic attitude can be pedagogically facilitated by utilizing a phenomenological approach to empathy training. 

  • 2.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Bemötandets fenomenologi: empati som utgångspunkt för interpersonell förståelse i det socialpsykiatriska arbetet2017Ingår i: Socialpsykiatrins grunder: människans villkor / [ed] Magnus Englander, Karin Ingvarsdotter, Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, s. 145-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Bioethics, Sociality, and Mental Illness2023Ingår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 161-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenology of bioethics is approached here in relation to the lived experience as it relates to the everyday lifeworld of persons suffering from mental illness. Taking a road less traveled, the purpose here is to elucidate ethical issues relating to sociality, using findings from qualitative phenomenological psychological research. Qualitative studies of schizophrenia and postpartum depression serve as examples. Layered throughout is the applied phenomenological argument pointing to the importance of returning to mundane intersubjectivity and the reversibility between mental illness, the existential context of suffering, and sociality.

  • 4.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Book Review of David Detmer's (2013) Phenomenology explained: From experience to insight (Open Court)2016Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 199-211Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Book review: Shaun Gallagher's Phenomenology (2012)2013Ingår i: Journal of consciousness studies, ISSN 1355-8250, E-ISSN 2051-2201, Vol. 20, nr 9-10, s. 200-205Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 6.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Empathy in a social psychiatry2018Ingår i: Phenomenology and the social context of psychiatry: Social Relations, Psychopathology, and Husserl's Philosophy / [ed] Magnus Englander, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, s. 49-64Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Empathy training from a phenomenological perspective2014Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 45, nr 1, s. 5-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThe purpose of this article is to outline a phenomenological approach to empathy training developed over the past ten years in the context of higher education. The theoretical justification for this empathy training is founded in the phenomenological philosophical interpretation of the phenomenon of empathy, whereas the application of empathy as a skill is theoretically based upon entering the phenomenological attitude. The phenomenon of empathy is described as a unique intentionality as part of the self-other relation and contrasted to mainstreams views such as simulation theory. It is argued that the phenomenological attitude can open up for the possibility of empathy and interpersonal understanding to occur. The consecutive steps of the phenomenologically based empathy training are described as relating to theoretical and pedagogical issues as well as to student’s experiences.

  • 8.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Essentials of Existential Phenomenological Research, written by Scott D. Churchill2021Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 52, nr 2, s. 275-283Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Fenomenologisk empatiträning2022Ingår i: Professionella möten och samtal i socialt arbete / [ed] Mats Hilte, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, s. 157-183Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    General knowledge claims in qualitative research2019Ingår i: The Humanistic psychologist, ISSN 0887-3267, E-ISSN 1547-3333, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of how general knowledge claims sometimes are misunderstood in qualitative research in psychology. A general suggestion is made regarding how general knowledge as a criterion of science could be epistemologically grounded using a phenomenological theory of science. General knowledge claims are seen from the epistemic relation of meaning as context dependent, that is, as the figure–ground relation between phenomena appearing in a given context. Population research design is critically assessed to elucidate how we take its general mode of thinking for granted in qualitative research. The distinction between the phenomenon versus the population serves as the foundation for the overall argument against an often one-sided empirical stance toward generalizations in psychological science.

  • 11.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Interviews2018Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences / [ed] Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd Shackelford, Springer, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychological interviews, whether clinical or research oriented, are constituted by an interpersonal, social context in which epistemic and ethical purposes are at stake. Interviews are commonly categorized as (1) structured, (2) unstructured, or (3) semistructured. These different formats have their pros and cons, both in relation to epistemic and/or ethical purposes and/or methodological issues. The recent developments of qualitative research methods in psychology have initiated and raised epistemological concerns over what theory of science would be most appropriate for a psychological science in which interviews are used as a data collection procedure. Such concerns can be directly linked to the three different interview formats and, in a theoretical sense, to the different theoretical perspectives in psychology.

  • 12.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Introduction: Towards a phenomenological social psychiatry2018Ingår i: Phenomenology and the social context of psychiatry: Social Relations, Psychopathology, and Husserl's Philosophy / [ed] Magnus Englander, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    L’uso dell’intervista nella ricerca descrittiva fenomenologica nel campo delle scienze umane (The interview: Data collection in descriptive phenomenological human scientific research)2010Ingår i: Encyclopaideia. Journal of Phenomenology and Education, ISSN 1590-492X, E-ISSN 1825-8670, nr 27, s. 33-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 14.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Persistent psychological meaning of early emotional memories2007Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 181-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of early emotional memories have been one of the most researched topics in modern scientific psychology. On the other hand, rigorous qualitative studies have been relatively rare, investigating the lived consequences of early emotional memories. The purpose of this paper is to report on some human scientific research results on the phenomenon, the lived persistent psychological meaning of early emotional memories. The study utilized Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological psychological method. A general psychological structure was discovered indicating constituents such as, the vividness of early emotional memories; emotional needs and coping strategies; everyday and life choices; as well as personal values attached to the meaning of an object that was present during the early emotional situation (a value experienced as contributing to the initial formation of an emotional life). The results might have implications for human service professionals in that they can contribute to a human scientific foundation in terms of understanding the persistent psychological meaning of early emotional memories as well as opening up for new venues of research on phenomena related to human memory, personality, and life-span developmental psychology.

  • 15.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Phenomenological Psychological Interviewing2020Ingår i: The Humanistic psychologist, ISSN 0887-3267, E-ISSN 1547-3333, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 54-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contextualize qualitative phenomenological psychological interviewing within the research tradition of psychology as a human science and how it relates to a phenomenological psychology. Qualitative interviewing is also historically contextualized within humanistic psychology and the qualitative research movement. A reply to a recent critique by Zahavi and Martiny (2019) is also included. In addition, some recent developments of qualitative phenomenological interviewing are accounted for and how these relate to the method of participant observation and Schutzian phenomenology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

  • 16.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Phenomenology and the social context of psychiatry: Social Relations, Psychopathology, and Husserl's Philosophy2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Phenomenology and the Social Context of Psychiatry is an inter-disciplinary work by phenomenological philosophers, psychiatrists, and psychologists to discover the essence and foundations of social psychiatry. Using the phenomenology of Husserl as a point of departure, the meanings of empathy, interpersonal understanding, we-intentionality, ethics, citizenship and social inclusion are investigated in relation to psychopathology, nosology, and clinical research. This work, drawing upon the rich classical and contemporary phenomenological tradition, touching on a broad range of thinkers such as Deleuze, Levinas, and R.D. Laing, also explicates how phenomenology is a method capable of capturing the human condition and its intricate relation to the social world and mental illness

  • 17.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Review of Larry Davidson’s Overcoming psychologism: Husserl and the transcendental reform of psychology2023Ingår i: Husserl Studies, ISSN 0167-9848, E-ISSN 1572-8501, Vol. 39, nr 3, s. 337-344Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Selfhood, Empathy, and Dignity2015Ingår i: Identity and values / [ed] Susi Ferarello, Stefano Giacchetti Ludovisi, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, s. 75-89Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Subjectivity, memory, and human science2010Ingår i: The redirection of psychology: Essays in honor of Amedeo P. Giorgi / [ed] Thomas Cloonan, Christian Thiboutot, Cercle interdiciplinaire de recherches phénoménologiques , 2010, s. 95-112Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The interview: Data collection in descriptive phenomenological human scientific research2012Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 43, nr 1, s. 13-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract In this article, interviewing from a descriptive, phenomenological, human scientific perspective is examined. Methodological issues are raised in relation to evaluative criteria as well as reflective matters that concern the phenomenological researcher. The data collection issues covered are 1) the selection of participants, 2) the number of participants in a study, 3) the interviewer and the questions, and 4) data collection procedures. Certain conclusions were drawn indicating that phenomenological research methods cannot be evaluated on the basis of an empiricist theory of science, but must be critiqued from within a phenomenological theory of science. Some reflective matters, experienced by the phenomenological researcher, are also elaborated upon.

  • 21.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The Phenomenological Method in Qualitative Psychology and Psychiatry2016Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, artikel-id 30682Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will closely examine the phenomenological method as applied to qualitative inquiry in psychology and psychiatry. In a critical comparison between Amedeo Giorgi’s and Larry Davidson’s qualitatively methods, conclusions were drawn with regard to how different kinds of qualitative inquiry are possible while remaining faithful to Husserlian philosophical foundations. Utilizing Lester Embree’s recent articulation of how Husserl’s method of the epochē can be disclosed as specific to a discipline, varieties of these two qualitative methods were seen in their relation to the original scientific aim instigated by the developer.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    The Practice of Phenomenological Empathy Training2019Ingår i: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, ISSN 0047-2662, E-ISSN 1569-1624, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 42-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides concrete examples of a phenomenological approach to empathy training, which is a pedagogical method designed for higher education. First, the phenomenology of empathy and empathy training is briefly described. Second, excerpts from training sessions in higher education are provided as examples. The examples are meant as to concretize the purpose of the training in relation to the overall pedagogical process. In addition, some clarifications are made about how a phenomenological approach can facilitate university students’ deeper understanding of how empathy relate to interpersonal understanding in the we-relation.

  • 23.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ferrarello, SusiCalifornia State University.
    Empathy and Ethics2023Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book represents a unique indispensable reflection on the interconnection between empathy and ethics. To what extent is it right to be empathetic? Can empathy be unethical? Or is there an ethical obligation to be empathetic? Do we educate our citizens and train our professionals to use the right form of empathy?

    Phenomenological ethics is a relatively new approach to ethics whose emphasis is put on the description of the lived-experience and the ethical phenomenon. The essays offer phenomenological descriptions of the thorny problem pertaining to the interconnection of empathy and ethics essential for professionals and scholars of different fields, such as philosophy, psychiatry, health science, psychology, and sociology.

    Contributors: Michael Agostinelli Jr., Elodie Boublil, Francesca Brencio, Manuel Camassa, Scott D. Churchill, Nicolas de Warren, Craig Derksen, John J. Drummond, Íngrid Vendrell Ferran, Jannik M. Hansen, Simon Høffding, Joel Krueger, Carlos Lobo, Esteban Marín-Ávila, Alexander Montes, Dermot Moran, Henning Nörenberg, Tone Roald, Eva Schwarz, Andrea Staiti, Joona Taipale, Stefano Vincini, Maren Wehrle, Dan Zahavi

  • 24.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ferrarello, Susi
    California State University, East Bay.
    On the Problem of the Idealization of Empathy and Ethics2023Ingår i: Empathy and Ethics / [ed] Englander, Magnus; Ferrarello, Susi, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2023Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Folkesson, Agneta
    Evaluating the phenomenological approach to empathy training2014Ingår i: Journal of humanistic psychology, ISSN 0022-1678, E-ISSN 1552-650X, Vol. 54, nr 3, s. 294-313Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to report on a study that attempted to qualitatively evaluate the phenomenological approach to empathy training. A descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used to explicate the lived applied meaning of the training. The result disclosed a general structure of the phenomenon, composed of the following five constituents: (a) a serious context in which one is encountering the other who is emotionally distressed about something, (b) directing one’s lived presence to the other’s meaning-expression, (c) a shift in emotional context, (d) novelty of approach toward interpersonal understanding, and (e) disclosing an interpersonal relatedness. The results were briefly discussed in relation to the content and the procedures of the training.

  • 26.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ingvarsdotter, KarinMalmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Socialpsykiatrins grunder: människans villkor2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialpsykiatri har utvecklats åt olika håll runt om i världen. I Sverige har begreppet socialpsykiatri framför allt avsett socialtjänstens utbud av stöd och service för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Den här boken tar sig an socialpsykiatri som vetenskapligt område och syftar till att avtäcka socialpsykiatrins grunder som ett multidisciplinärt forskningsfält, där ämnen som filosofi, medicin, psykologi, antropologi och socialt arbete ingår. Oavsett utgångspunkt står det sociala perspektivet i fokus och utgör bakgrunden till forskning kring psykisk ohälsa.

  • 27.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Morley, James
    Ramapo Coll, Dept Psychol, Mahwah, NJ USA..
    Phenomenological psychology and qualitative research2023Ingår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 25-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the tradition of phenomenologically founded psychological research that was originally initiated by Amedeo Giorgi. This data analysis method is inseparable from the broader project of establishing an autonomous phenomenologically based human scientific psychology. After recounting the history of the method from the 1960's to the present, we explain the rationale for why we view data collection as a process that should be adaptable to the unique mode of appearance of each particular phenomenon being researched. The substance of the article is then devoted to a detailed outline of the method's whole-part-whole procedure of data analysis. We then offer a sample analysis of a brief description of an ordinary daydream. This is an anxiety daydream in response to the recent Covid-19 pandemic. We present this daydream analysis in full to show the concrete hands-on 5 step process through which the researcher explicated the participants' expressions from the particular to the general. From this brief sample analysis, the researcher offers a first-person reflection on the data analysis process to offer the reader an introduction to the diacritical nature of phenomenological psychological elucidation.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Robinson, Petra
    Appliceringen av den deskriptiva fenomenologiska humanvetenskapliga metoden2008Ingår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 49-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to show the application of Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological human scientific method. A brief description is used in order to provide an example of the human scientific process, from data collection to data analysis. First, the data collection is presented, usingthephenomenon of frustration as an example. Some of the sufficient conditions for data gathering is also discussed in this section. Second, the data analysis is explicated. More specifically, the brief example of the phenomenon of frustration was taken through the four steps of Giorgi's human scientific method. The data analysis section accounts for the descriptive nature ofthe method as well as the critical attitude ofthe researcher. In addition, this section also points to the contrast between descriptive phenomenological human science and interpretative based qualitative methods. A brief description of the relation between constituents and structure closes this section. Overall, the implicit purpose of providing this article of the application of Giorgis's method, in the Swedish language, is to make his method more accessible to the graduate as well as to the undergraduate student in the Nordic countries.

  • 29.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Robinson, Petra
    Den deskriptiva fenomenologiska humanvetenskapliga metoden2007Ingår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 57-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to provide a Swedish account of Amedeo Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological human scientific method as a necessary clarification for the Scandinavian researcher and student interested in using a descriptive qualitative method in their health science related research. First, key terms in phenomenological philosophy are presented. Terms such as intentionality, the phenomenological reduction, description, and essence are described in order to establish an introduction to the philosophical, foundation. Second, Giorgi's human scientific method is outlined, i.e., from data gathering to data analysis. The data gathering section includes some aspects of the process of interviewing. In the section on data analysis, the methodical steps are presented successively. The researcher, using the phenomenological reduction, I) reads the data to get a sense of the whole 2) divides the interview into meaning units 3) describes the phenomenological human scientific meaning 4) discovers the structure of the phenomenon. The overview is meant as an introduction to a forthcoming article articulating the application of the phenomenological method.

  • 30.
    Englander, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Robinson, Petra
    En fenomenologiskt grundad vårdpedagogisk metod för utbildning i empatiskt bemötande2009Ingår i: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 38-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to outline a phenomenological pedagogical method for teaching nurses and caregivers as well as university and college students in the field of nursing science how to increase their own sensitivity to their reflective processes and how it relates to their empathic abilities. The pedagogical method has its theoretical foundation in Husserlian phenomenology. The phenomenological tradition provides the pedagogical method with a systematic and rigorous approach toward issues such as subjectivity, reflection, intersubjectivity, empathy, and meaning. Practical training procedures where based on a classical Rogerian design, although altered in order to be more general and thus to apply to most occupations in which presence to another person's world is valued as part of the human service profession. The method consists of three steps that are on a pedagogical level interrelated. By introducing the relation between empathy and intersubjectivity as well as reflection and subjectivity in a practical, training situation, professionals and students in nursing science are able to enhance their own understanding of human meaning. Plausible benefits for caretakers include feelings of being understood and experiences of a sense of self-worth and well being.

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Karl
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Lund University, Sweden.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Empathy in social work2017Ingår i: Journal of social work education, ISSN 1043-7797, E-ISSN 2163-5811, Vol. 53, nr 4, s. 607-621Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A dominant conceptualization of empathy in social work practice and education, provided by Karen Gerdes and Elizabeth Segal, relies heavily on the simulation theory adopted directly from the cognitive neurosciences. The aim was to critically challenge such a view by reporting on some recent empirical findings from the field in which professional social workers were interviewed about their experience of empathy in working with forced migrants. The findings support a phenomenological, critical account of simulation theory and provide evidence that empathy is constituted as a direct social perception of the other's experience. It was concluded that simulation theory is insufficient in providing an exhaustive approach for the professional use of empathy in social work practice and education.

  • 32.
    Franzon, Bengt
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Axtelius, Björn
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Klinge, Björn
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Dentistry as a free market in the context of leading policymaking2018Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 1484218Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to disclose the psychological meaning structure of dentistry as a free market within the context of leading Swedish policymaking. Following the criteria for the descriptive phenomenological psychological method data was collected from leading policy makers about the experiential aspects of dentistry as a free market within the context of a welfare state. The analysis showed that dentistry as a free market was experienced as a complex business relationship between buyers and sellers that transcended the traditional dentist and patient roles. The lived experience of the proposed business transaction was based on two inherently conflicting views: the belief in the individual's ability to make a free choice versus the understanding that all individuals in a society do not have the ability or the means necessary to make a free choice. Dentistry as a free market within a welfare state, such as Sweden, can thus be seen as a persistent attempt to hold on to a compromise between two very distinctive political ideologies.

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  • 33.
    Friberg, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Taking Policy for Granted in the Context of Scientific Innovation2019Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative inquiry is to attempt to elucidate the policy attitude as it appears within the context of scientific innovation. A phenomenological anthropological approach to qualitative inquiry was utilized in order to explicate the human scientific meaning of a specific attitude driven by an interest in a sociocultural context. The policy attitude can be described as an attitude upholding a meaning based upon a collaborative ideal, marked by a hybridization of values and organizations. The policy attitude is thus submissive to political trends and business organizational structures, goals, and objectives. As the world of science becomes an integrated part of the world of policy and industry, it could be argued that policy attitude influences how we perceive knowledge, in which qualitative inquiry in the human sciences is by no means excluded.

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  • 34.
    Henriksen, Mads Gram
    et al.
    Univ Copenhagen, Ctr Subject Res, Dept Commun, Karen Blixens Plads 8, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Amager, Mental Hlth Ctr, Gl Kongevej 33, DK-1610 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Mental Hlth Ctr Glostrup, Brondbyostervej 160, DK-2605 Brondby, Denmark..
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nordgaard, Julie
    Amager, Mental Hlth Ctr, Gl Kongevej 33, DK-1610 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Methods of data collection in psychopathology: the role of semi-structured, phenomenological interviews2021Ingår i: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, ISSN 1568-7759, E-ISSN 1572-8676, Vol. 21, s. 9-30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in psychopathology is booming in an unprecedented way, at least, in terms of increasing number of publications. Yet, a few questions arise: Does quantity also give us quality? Are the collected data generally of sound quality? How are data typically collected in psychopathology? Are the applied methods of data collection appropriate for this particular field of study? This article explores three different methods of data collection in psychopathology, namely self-rating scales, structured interviews, and semi-structured, phenomenological interviews. To identify the most adequate methodological approach, we first establish the nature of the object of psychopathology and then we critically assess each method’s appropriateness to this field of study. We emphasize fundamental issues that make self-rating scales and structured interviews unfit for the task of adequately examining psychopathology. By contrast, we propose that a semi-structured, phenomenological interview presents a more appropriate method. Finally, we describe two types of semi-structured, phenomenological interviews that can be applied to assess and explore psychopathology, respectively.

  • 35.
    Koch, Margaretha
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Tegelberg, Åke
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Wolf, Eva
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Successful clinical and organisational change in endodontic practice: a qualitative study2014Ingår i: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 121-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explicate and describe the qualitative meaning of successful clinical and organizational change in endodontic practice, following a comprehensive implementation program, including the integration of the nickel-titanium-rotary-technique. After an educational intervention in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish county, thematic in-depth interviews were conducted, with special reference to the participants' experience of the successful change. Interviews with four participants, were purposively selected on the basis of occupation (dentist, dental assistant, receptionist, clinical manager), for a phenomenological human scientific analysis. Four constituents were identified as necessary for the invariant, general structure of the phenomenon: 1) disclosed motivation, 2) allowance for individual learning processes, 3) continuous professional collaboration, and 4) a facilitating educator. The perceived requirements for achieving successful clinical and organizational change in endodontic practice were clinical relevance, an atmosphere which facilitated discussion and allowance for individual learning patterns. The qualities required in the educator were acknowledged competence with respect to scientific knowledge and clinical expertise, as well as familiarity with conditions at the dental clinics. The results indicate a complex interelationship among various aspects of the successful change process.

  • 36.
    Milosavljevic, Aleksandar
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Wolf, Eva
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Stavropoulos, Andreas
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Götrick, Bengt
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    The lived experience of performing a periodontal treatment in the context of general dentistry2021Ingår i: BDJ Open, E-ISSN 2056-807X, Vol. 7, artikel-id 7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe what characterises the lived experience of performing a periodontal treatment in the context of general dentistry.

    Materials and methods: Three dental hygienists from general dentistry in Sweden, were purposively selected as participants and interviewed. The participants described a situation in which they had performed a periodontal treatment. The descriptions were analysed using the descriptive phenomenological psychological method.

    Results: The general meaning structure of the lived experience of performing a periodontal treatment comprised five constituents, (a) an established treatment routine, (b) importance of oral hygiene, (c) self-awareness and motivation of the patient, (d) support and doubt, and (e) mechanical infection control. The periodontal treatment is perceived as being set prior to its commencement and as following established routines, in which the patients’ oral hygiene is experienced as a crucial part. The patients’ self-awareness and a supportive clinician are seen as important factors in motivating the patient towards positive behavioural change, although there is a presence of doubt in patients’ ability to maintain this positive change. Mechanical infection control is perceived as successful but sometimes difficult to perform.

    Conclusions: Important, patient-related, factors are constituting the phenomenon of performing a periodontal treatment but an experience that the pre-existing standardised workflow influences patient management was also present.

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  • 37. Ryttersund, Anna
    et al.
    Sjögran, Lotta
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa i en professionell psykiatrisk omvårdnadskontext: en fenomenologisk studie2020Ingår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 97, nr 2, s. 303-313Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att avtäcka innebörden av patienters återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa utifrån en psykiatrisk professionell omvårdnadskontext. Forskningsdesignen som användes var fenomenologisk kvalitativ metod med djupintervjuer. Resultatet presenteras i en struktur sammansatt av tre konstituenter: 1) Förståelsen att återhämtning tar tid och är en del av patientens hela liv och berättelse, 2) fokus på att stödja patienten i riktning mot återhämtning samt 3) målet att först och främst arbeta med patientens självuppfattning och identitet. Resultatet är förenligt med det som i forskning anses främja återhämtningen för patienter inom den psykiatriska vården. Resultatet överensstämmer även med den personcentrerade vården och omvårdnadsmodellen The Tidal Model. Resultaten pekar således på arbetssätt som kan ingå i sjuksköterskans återhämtningsinriktade arbete i den psykiatriska vården.

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  • 38. von Essen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Organic food as a healthy lifestyle: A phenomenological psychological analysis2013Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 8, artikel-id 20559Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the phenomenon of the lived experience of choosing a healthy lifestyle based upon an organic diet as seen from the perspective of the young adult. Interviews were collected in Sweden and analyzed using the descriptive phenomenological psychological research method. The results showed the general psychological structure of the phenomenon, comprising four constituents: (1) the lived body as the starting point for life exploration, (2) a narrative self through emotional-relational food memories, (3) a conscious life strategy for well-being and vitality, and (4) a personal set of values in relation to ethical standards. The results provide plausible insights into the intricate relation between psychological meaning and the natural world.

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  • 39.
    Wågby, Angelica
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Barns delaktighet i vårdnads-, boende- och umgängesutredningar2019Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 173-194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Children’s participation in assessing custody, residence and access Social work researchers have found custody, residence and access proceedings to be negligent regarding children’s participation and in considering their opinions. This study, with its phenomenological design, aimed at disclosing how children’s participation (as a phenomenon) appears in Swedish custody assessments as seen from the professional context of the social worker. The findings show that the meaning of children’s participation is constituted within a social context, i.e., as the background of the overall assessment and not based on a specific view in terms of outcome as expressed by the child. Three specific themes were discovered: 1) informing and respecting the child, 2) attempting to understand the child, and 3) integrating the perspective of the child within the overall assessment. The findings also suggest the necessity of clarifying concepts within the social work profession.

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  • 40.
    Wågby Gräfe, Angelica
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Listening to the Social World of the Child: A Phenomenological Proposal2022Ingår i: Barn, ISSN 0800-1669, E-ISSN 2535-5449, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 40-54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel vill vi bidra till den teoretiska diskussionen om att ”lyssna på barn” i relation till ”barns delaktighet” genom att föreslå en fenomenologisk reflektion kring att lyssna på barnets sociala värld. Genom att använda exempel från forskningsintervjuer med barn och unga som beskriver sin levda erfarenhet av att delta i familjerättsliga processer, är vårt syfte att visa hur en fenomenologisk reflektion kan möjliggöra en förståelse för vad som konstituerar sociala relationer i barnets värld. En fenomenologisk utgångspunkt i lyssnandet kan erbjuda en kontextuell förståelse av komplexa och mångtydiga erfarenheter. I synnerhet kontrasteras den relationella, konkreta aspekten av att bli hörd eller att ha blivit hörd som ett barn-i-världen mot den föreställning om barns rätt till delaktighet som finns i vuxenvärlden.

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  • 41.
    Östergård, Gun-Britt
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Englander, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för vårdvetenskap (VV).
    Axtelius, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    A salutogenic patient-centred perspective of improved oral health behaviour: a descriptive phenomenological interview study2016Ingår i: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 142-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A salutogenic perspective was applied in the study when investigating the patient's perspective of what it means to move in the direction towards health in the treatment of periodontitis. Objectives The study aimed at describing the lived experience of improved oral health-related behaviour. Method The descriptive phenomenological method was chosen for collection and analysis of data. Patients were selected from a private general dental clinic. Results The results described the patient-centred perspective in the general structure held together by eight constituents: (i) change is increased successively, (ii) a changed view on self-care at the start of change, (iii) improved self-care includes understanding and automatic routine, (iv) motivating challenges and feedback are perceived as strengthening, (v) having good thoughts and being satisfied with one's own capacity, (vi) experiencing trust and participation along with an expert, (vii) negative experiences and limitations precedes the change and (viii) relating yourself to past time, present time, future and other people. Conclusion The complex pattern of interconnected external and internal components in the results calls for the need of a holistic perspective of the change process and for the clinician to practise flexibility.

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