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  • 1. Alm, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Esbjörnsson, Mattias
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    Rehme, Jakob
    Reinhold, Mats
    Sjögren, Karin
    Sörensson, Victoria
    Topgaard, Richard
    Ahlgren Moritz, Charlotte
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Marell, Agneta
    Värbrand, Peter
    Vägen till samverkanssäkrad utbildning2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsutbyte och samverkan mellan lärosäten och andra aktörer i samhället är viktigt för att vi ska kunna möta morgondagens utmaningar. Man måste arbeta över sektorsgränser, inte bara inom forskning utan också inom utbildning. “Vägen till samverkanssäkrad utbildning: metoder och strategier” handlar om hur samverkan kan integreras i högre utbildning. Slutsatserna baseras på de erfarenheter som gjorts i projektet Samverkanssäkrade utbildningsprogram som letts av lärosätena i Linköping, Malmö och Umeå. Publikationens andra del, “Möjligheter och utmaningar”, berättar ett antal historier ur samverkansvardagen. // Att med andra samhällsaktörer samverka kring utformningen av utbildningsprogram och i undervisningen bidrar till kvalitetsutveckling och säkerställer att utbildningen är till nytta för samhället. Samverkan förbereder också studenterna för ett livslångt lärande och underlättar övergången mellan utbildning och arbetsliv. För att man långsiktigt ska kunna integrera samverkan i utbildningsprogram krävs insatser på flera nivåer. Till exempel måste lärosätesledningar ta tydlig ställning i samverkansfrågan i sina styrdokument, och samverkansaspekten måste vara en självklar del av lärosätets kvalitetssäkringssystem. Det krävs också att ledningen för fakulteter och institutioner utformar system för dokumentation, styrning och uppföljning av samverkan. Vidare bör samverkan ingå i de pedagogiska modeller som lärare använder för att leda studenternas kunskapsutveckling, och lärosätena bör också uppmärksamma och belöna framgångsrikt samverkansarbete. Slutligen bör politiker och departement utforma ett fördelningssystem där framgångsrika samverkansinsatser inom utbildningen leder till en förstärkning av resursbasen på lärosätena.

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  • 2. Arvidsson, A
    et al.
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Glantz, Per-Olof
    Wennerberg, Ann
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Characterisation of Structures in Salivary Secretion Film Forma-tion. An Experimental Study with Atomic Force Microscopy2004In: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 181-188Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to characterise the structure dynamics of pure salivary secretions retained on controlled surfaces with different surface energies in the early stage of salivary film formation. Germanium prisms prepared to have either low surface energy of medium surface energy were incubated in fresh secretions of either human parotid saliva (HPS) or human submandibular/sublingual saliva (HSMSLS) for 15,90 and 180 min. After controlled rinsing with distilled water, the surfaces were air dried and thereafter imaged with atomic force microscopy (AFM). The amount of adsorbed material and the size of the structures detected increased with increased saliva exposure time. the film thicknesses varied from 10 to 160 nm, and both HPS and HSMSLS films contained structures with diameters varying from 40 nm to 2 microm. Some of these were clustered into special formations. The HPS films exhibited a more granular morphology than the HSMSLS films. Furthermore, branched lines were detected on the low surface energy germanium prisms incubated in saliva. the results indicate that exposure time, surface energy, and type of salivary secretion all are factors affecting the adsorption characteristics of salivary films.

  • 3.
    Braian, Michael
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    De Bruyn, Hugo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Fransson, Håkan
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Wennerberg, Ann
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Tolerance Measurements on Internal- and External-Hexagon Implants2014In: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, ISSN 0882-2786, E-ISSN 1942-4434, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 846-852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To measure the horizontal machining tolerances of the interface between internal-and external-hexagon implants and analogs with corresponding components after delivery from the manufacturer. These values may be a valuable tool for evaluating increasing misfit caused by fabrication, processing, and wear. Materials and Methods: Seven implants and seven analogs with external-and internal-hexagon connections (Biomet 3i) with corresponding prefabricated gold cylinders and gold screws, prefabricated cylindric plastic cylinders, and laboratory screws were studied. One set of components from the external and internal groups was measured manually and digitally. Measurements from the test subjects were compared with identical measurements from the virtual model to obtain threshold values. The virtual model was then used to obtain optimally oriented cuts. Results: The horizontal machining tolerances for castable plastic abutments on external implants were 12 +/- 89 mu m, and for internal implants they were 86 +/- 47 mu m. Tolerance measurements on prefabricated gold abutments for external implants were 44 +/- 9 mu m, and for internal implants they were 58 +/- 28 mu m. Conclusion: The groups with metallic components showed the smallest tolerance at < 50 mu m for the external group and < 90 mu m for the internal group. The prefabricated plastic cylinder groups ranged from < 100 mu m for external and < 130 mu m for internal connection.

  • 4.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Bengmark, Daniel
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Bengtsson, H.
    Lindh, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Rohlin, Madeleine
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    A predictive model for alternative admission to dental education2015In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 251-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To compare academic progress and performance of students admitted through two admission systems and to analyse the predictive power of different components in an alternative admission. SAMPLE AND METHODS: The subjects were students admitted to the dental programme at Malmö University, Sweden. The grade admission group was admitted on grades from secondary school (n = 126) and the alternative admission group via an alternative admission procedure (n = 157). The alternative admission procedure consisted of the following components: problem-solving matrices, spatial capacity tested with folding and tin models, manual dexterity, capacity for empathy and interview. Comparisons were made for academic progress (dropouts from the programme and study rate) and academic performance (examinations failed and outcomes of a comprehensive clinical examination). Spearman correlation was calculated for each component of the alternative admission procedure and academic progress as well as academic performance. Multivariate analyses were also carried out. RESULTS: Compared to the grade admission group, the alternative admission group presented lower rate of dropouts (3% vs. 20%, P < 0.001) and a larger proportion graduated within the expected time (88% vs. 60%, P < 0.01). There was no difference between the groups concerning academic performance. Capacity of empathy was correlated with study rate and outcomes of the clinical examination. The matrices predicted low proportion failed examinations and high students' self-assessments in the clinical examination. Predictive power of folding was limited and so was that of the interview. Manual dexterity was not correlated with academic progress or performance. CONCLUSIONS: Results support further development of admission selection criteria, particularly emphatic capacity that predicts important student academic achievements.

  • 5.
    Christersson, Cecilia E.
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Melin, Margareta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Widén, Pär
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Culture, Languages and Media (KSM).
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Christensen, Jonas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Lundegren, Nina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Staaf, Patricia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Challenge-Based Learning in Higher Education: A Malmö University Position Paper2022In: International Journal of Innovative Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, ISSN 2644-1624, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) have a pivotal role in fulfilling the social dimension of sustainability and contributing to a complex changing society. To meet these challenges, Malmö University has in interdisciplinary groups researched the role of challenge-based learning (CBL) in relation to staff, students, disciplines, and stakeholders. This position paper is based on that work. Malmö University argues that with a CBL approach, HEIs will actively contribute to the building of a sustainable learning society through collaboration in education, research, and innovation. This paper theoretically explores the CBL approach as a collaborative learning exchange within HEIs and society at large. CBL is defined through eight key elements, clustered as entities of three domains: diversity and inclusion, co-creation and collaboration, and change agents and contextual challenges. These are discussed and empirically exemplified with the purpose to support designing, planning, and accomplishing CBL in teaching and learning in HE for a global learning society.

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  • 6. Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Högström, Mats
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Education, Dentistry and Social Work: Interactive and continuous assessment for development of professional competence2007In: Citizenship Education in Society: Proceedings of the ninth Conference of the Children’s Identity and Citizenship in Europe Thematic Network, CiCe, Children's Identity and Citizenship in Europe, Institute for Policy Studies in Education, London Metropolitan University , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This project uses assessment to develop students’ professional competence during their studies for qualification as social workers, teachers and dentists in a culturally heterogeneous society. Difficulties of uniting theory and practise are solved through ‘simulated’ authentic situations. The students describe critical professional situations, which are also described by experts. The students compare their analysis and interpretations with those of the experts, in self-assessment, group discussion and examination. The students describe, analyse, act and compare, and then articulate their need to extend their competence. The project is a useful model to connect theory and practice. In essence the model is common, but adjusted to the different courses of study and the varying requirements of the professions.

  • 7.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Högström, Mats
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Mattheos, Nikolaus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    A professional approach: a pedagogical model for the assessment of authentic cases in teacher education, social work education and dentistry2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project is to use assessment in developing students’ professional competence during their courses of studies for qualification as social workers, teachers and dentists in a culturally heterogeneous society. The difficulty of uniting theory and practice into a cohesive whole is worked upon by the use of simulated authentic situations. The students describe professional scenarios. These are used in self-assessment, seminars and interactive assessment. The situations are at times characterized strongly by specific theoretical knowledge but at other times only indirectly so. The students describe situations that occur in professional practice, analyse these and enact them, compare their own handling of the situation with others’, and articulate their need to further develop their competence. Everything is documented in the learning management system Xpand and is easily searched through.

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  • 8. Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Högström, Mats
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Mattheos, Nikos
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Professionellt förhållningssätt. En pedagogisk modell för bedömning av autentiska fall i lärar-, socionom- och tandläkarutbildning.2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project is to use assessment in developing students’ professional competence during their courses of studies for qualification as social workers, teachers and den-tists in a culturally heterogeneous society. The difficulty of uniting theory and practice into a cohesive whole is worked upon by the use of simulated authentic situations. The students describe professional scenarios. They are used in self-assessment, seminars and interactive assessment. The situations are characterised partly by specific theoretical knowledge and partly by the obscure. In practice, the students describe, analyse and act, compare their own handling of the situation with others’ and articulate their need to further develop their competence. Everything is documented at the learning management system Xpand and easy to search through.

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  • 9.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Film-forming properties and viscosities of saliva substitutes and human whole saliva2000In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 108, no 5, p. 418-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hypo-salivation, related to medical remedies, is an increasing clinical problem. Studies report a weak correlation between subjective mouth dryness and objective sialometry. This indicates that both quantity and quality of saliva are important for the surface-associated functions of saliva, such as lubrication and hydration, to be expressed. Film-forming properties and viscosities of three saliva substitutes were compared to human saliva. Adsorption to surfaces was measured by ellipsometry, infrared spectroscopy and drop-volume technique. Viscosity measurements were carried out using an oscillating rheometer. Saliva, with the lowest viscosity value and the highest protein content, presented superior film retention on both hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. The carboxymethylcellulose-based MAS 84 showed intermediate values of viscosity, poorest ability to reduce surface tension, and negligible film-forming capacity. The porcine mucin-based Saliva Orthana showed about twice the viscosity of saliva and film-forming capability on preferably hydrophobic substrates. Salinum, a linseed extract, possessed the highest viscosity value and an initial surface tension close to that of saliva. The film retention on hydrophilic surfaces was not as effective as for saliva. The results indicate that the film-forming capacity of saliva substitutes is a property also to be considered in the exploration of clinically effective artificial salivas.

  • 10.
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Isberg, Per-Erik
    Lund Univ, Dept Stat, Lund, Sweden.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Screening for Oral Dryness in Relation to Salivary Flow Rate Addresses the Need for Functional Tests of Saliva2010In: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, E-ISSN 1757-9996, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 243-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the occurrence of reported subjective oral dryness in relation to objective sialometric values in a randomly selected group and a dental care seeking group. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire assessing subjective oral dryness was sent out to a randomly selected sample of 200 individuals. The dental care seeking group was recruited from among patients attending the Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University. A total of 200 patients were asked to participate in the present study. In total, of 312 individuals (78%) who completed the survey, 157 agreed to participate in the complementary clinical examination that included measures of salivary flow rate. Results: The reported subjective oral dryness was 20% and 28.6% for the randomly selected group and the dental care seeking group, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the two study populations with regard to percentage of reported subjective oral dryness, and stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow rates (P > 0.05). In the dental care seeking group, individuals reporting subjective oral dryness presented ‘a small degree of abrasion in the dentine in the incisor region’ to a greater extent (P < 0.05). No statistically significant association between subjective oral dryness and unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rates was found in either of the studied populations (P > 0.05). Individuals identified with subjective or objective oral dryness presented to a greater extent a history of oral rehabilitation compared to individuals who showed no indication of oral dryness. Conclusions: No association between sialometric measures and subjective report of oral dryness was found in the present study.

  • 11.
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Johansson, D
    Bohlin, L
    Sahlström, A
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    The Challenge of Measuring Viscoelastic Properties of Human Whole Saliva to Fit Clinical Purpose2015In: International Journal of Oral and Dental Health, ISSN 2469-5734, Vol. 1, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand the protective functions of saliva secreted from different glands in the masticatory process, it is of interest to study its viscoelastic properties. Characterization of saliva samples are not that easily performed in a clinical setting, since most of the experimental techniques and instruments available are developed for research purposes. The aim of this study was to characterize how the viscoelastic properties of saliva can be measured and monitored using two laboratory instruments. Unstimulated whole saliva from 11 healthy volunteers was characterized using two instruments, an ARES-G2 rheometer and a Bohlin Oscillating Cup Rheometer. Measurements performed on unstimulated human whole saliva showed that the ARES rheometer will in linear viscoelastic conditions of the sample give absolute viscoelastic numbers of undisturbed saliva whilst the BOCR can be used to give an indication of gel strength, gel formation, and gel stability in viscoelastic samples being sheared in their non-linear viscoelastic region by introducing a Saliva Gel Strength Index, SGSI. Both methods clearly illustrate the presence of viscoelastic properties in saliva.

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  • 12.
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Wickström, Claes
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Sonesson, Mikael
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Tapia Lagunas, Pablo
    Malmö högskola, Library and IT Services (BIT).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    A systematic review of methods to diagnose oral dryness and salivary gland function2012In: BMC Oral Health, E-ISSN 1472-6831, Vol. 12, no 29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The most advocated clinical method for diagnosing salivary dysfunction is to quantitate unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva (sialometry). Since there is an expected and wide variation in salivary flow rates among individuals, the assessment of dysfunction can be difficult. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the quality of the evidence for the efficacy of diagnostic methods used to identify oral dryness. Methods A literature search, with specific indexing terms and a hand search, was conducted for publications that described a method to diagnose oral dryness. The electronic databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were used as data sources. Four reviewers selected publications on the basis of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were extracted from the selected publications using a protocol. Original studies were interpreted with the aid of Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) tool. Results The database searches resulted in 224 titles and abstracts. Of these abstracts, 80 publications were judged to meet the inclusion criteria and read in full. A total of 18 original studies were judged relevant and interpreted for this review. In all studies, the results of the test method were compared to those of a reference method. Based on the interpretation (with the aid of the QUADAS tool) it can be reported that the patient selection criteria were not clearly described and the test or reference methods were not described in sufficient detail for it to be reproduced. None of the included studies reported information on uninterpretable/intermediate results nor data on observer or instrument variation. Seven of the studies presented their results as a percentage of correct diagnoses. Conclusions The evidence for the efficacy of clinical methods to assess oral dryness is sparse and it can be stated that improved standards for the reporting of diagnostic accuracy are needed in order to assure the methodological quality of studies. There is need for effective diagnostic criteria and functional tests in order to detect those individuals with oral dryness who may require oral treatment, such as alleviation of discomfort and/or prevention of diseases.

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  • 13. Haghparast, Nora
    et al.
    Sedghizadeh, Parish P
    Schuler, Charles F
    Ferati, D
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Evaluation of student and faculty perceptions of the PBL curriculum at two dental schools from a student perspective: a cross-sectional survey2007In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 14-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem-based learning (PBL) research has primarily highlighted issues related to medical education and less evaluation has been reported from the field of dental education. Furthermore, literature reports tend to focus mainly on PBL from a pedagogic and curriculum constructional view and up to this date, studies from a student perspective are lacking. The aim of this study was to approach the evaluation of student and staff perceptions of PBL curricula from a student perspective at two separate schools: the Faculty of Odontology at the University of Malmö, Sweden and the dental school of the University of Southern California, School of Dentistry (USCSD), Los Angeles, CA, USA. The study was initiated and conducted by two of the authors, at the time senior students at the Faculty of Odontology in Malmö, Sweden. The study was comprised of a literature search, a 2 week field trip to USCSD, USA, survey distribution to students and faculty in both schools, analysis of the data and a written report for oral defence. The results from the survey were intended to provide feedback on student and faculty perceptions regarding the PBL curriculum. The results indicate a general student and faculty satisfaction with the PBL curriculum. Perhaps, surprisingly their perceptions did not differ significantly despite differences in geography, culture and implementation of PBL pedagogy.

  • 14.
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Högström, Mats
    Mattheos, Nikos
    Professional Education: Assessment for development of professional competence in a culturally heterogeneous society2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The project is to develop models to support students undertaking professional education in the areas of health, education and care in developing their professional competence. This takes place with the help of continuous assessment in simulated authentic situations. The project focuses on the following problems in professional education: a) The difficulty of uniting theory and practice into a whole in the courses of study b) The need to develop models for authentic professional situations, which are integrated into the courses of study c) The difficulty of forming a process of assessment that is relevant in relationship to the desired competence, and that does not only assess theoretical knowledge and technical skill d) The need to integrate assessment into the learning process e) The students’ need to develop the ability to assess their own competence on a continuing basis. Our courses of study need to improve in the following ways: a) Assessment of theoretical knowledge and of professional competence is often carried out separately. The two aspects are integrated all too seldom in assessment. Assessment is also carried out in totally different ways: Theoretical subjects are often assessed by means of written examinations with strict time limits, while professional competence is assessed using a longer process. The types of criteria used are different for the two assessments.

  • 15.
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Högström, Mats
    Nikolaos, Mattheos
    Education, Odontology and Social work: Interactive and continous assessment for development of professional competence2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract What do dentists, social workers and teachers need to know in order to succeed in working in a culturally heterogeneous society? In addition to developing the competence within the subject field they need to improve their ability to act in situations where different kinds of citizenship are expressed contingent on time, contexts and reference groups. Every professional needs to reflect upon and being able to handle the fact that “our norms are human and historical rather than immutable and eternal” (Nussbaum 1997, p.52). Professionals working in care, education and health must be able to handle “real life scenarios” which are connected to social cultural and ethnic variation, as well as gender. The effect of globalization has over the last decades created a new attention to politics concerning identity and citizenship (Giddens 1991). As Wenger (1998) points out, educational institutions are multifaceted organisms consisting of related interacting sub-communities. Concepts like ‘periphery’ and ‘centre’ (Giddens 1984, Labrie 1999, Giampapa 2004), will be adequate to use when analysing how students interact and negotiate their identities. The aim of the project is to use assessment in developing students’ professional competence during their courses of studies for qualification as social workers, teachers and dentists in a culturally heterogeneous society. The difficulty of uniting theory and practise into a cohesive whole is solved by the use of “simulated” authentic situations. The students describe professional activity in their work-placement reports. These are also described by the teachers. They are used in self-assessment, group discussion and examination. The situations are characterized partly by specific theoretical knowledge and partly by the obscure. In practice, the concept means that the students describe, analyse and act, compare their own handling of the situation with others’ and articulate their need to further develop their competence. Access to a learning management system (LMS) means that everything is documented and easy to search through.

  • 16. Johansson, Daniel
    et al.
    Stading, Mats
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Effect of Acid Stimulation on the Dynamic Rheological Properties of Human Saliva2011In: The Transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Nordic Rheology Society , 2011, p. 27-31, article id 19Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 17.
    Leijon, Marie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL). Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Gudmundsson, Petri
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Staaf, Patricia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Centre for Teaching and Learning (CAKL).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Challenge based learning in higher education: A systematic literature review2022In: Innovations in Education & Teaching International, ISSN 1470-3297, E-ISSN 1470-3300, Vol. 59, no 5, p. 609-618Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review maps patterns in research on Challenge Based Learning (CBL) in higher education (HE) between 2009 and 2020. How is CBL defined in HE settings? How is CBL in HE grounded scientifically in the research? The results show a shift of CBL from being a concept coined by a multinational technology company targeting learning in schools, to being embraced by HE, first and foremost as a method for transformation of adult learning. A critical scientifically grounded approach towards learning is however absent or marginally present in the papers reviewed.

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  • 18.
    Lucander, Henriette
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Engagement for quality development in higher education: a process for quality assurance of assessment2020In: Quality in Higher Education, ISSN 1353-8322, E-ISSN 1470-1081, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 135-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the design, development and evaluation of a novel process for quality assurance of assessments for entire educational programmes. The process was developed and tested by multidisciplinary teaching staff and consists of five phases: inventory, analyses, evaluation, planning change and realising change. The process for quality assurance was evaluated in three diverse programmes. The results show that the process forms a solid base for decisions on short-term as well as long-term quality improvements. It was also found to encourage the development of a quality culture and had an improving effect on the curriculum design, enhanced internal quality work and supported documentation for external quality assurance. The results show that the process has the capacity to engage and involve teachers and other internal stakeholders in the quality development of a range of educational programmes, promoting engaged change for improved quality in a higher education institution.

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  • 19.
    Malmberg, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Högström, Mats
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Mattheos, Nikos
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Education, Dentistry and Social work: Assessment for development of professional competence in a culturally heterogeneous society (Malmö)2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project is to use assessment in developing students’ professional competence during their courses of studies for qualification as social workers, teachers and dentists in a culturally heterogeneous society. The difficulty of uniting theory and practise into a cohesive whole is solved by the use of “simulated” authentic situations. The students describe critical professional situations. These are also described by experts. The students compare their analysis and interpretations with those given by the experts. They are used in self-assessment, group discussion and examination. The situations are characterized partly by specific theoretical knowledge and partly by the obscure. In practice, the concept means that the students describe, analyse and act, compare their own handling of the situation with others’ and articulate their need to further develop their competence. Access to a learning management system (LMS) means that everything is documented and easy to search through. For courses, the project results in a useful model with specific reference to the central connection between theory and practice. In essence the model is common, but adjusted to the different courses of study and the varying requirements of the professions. It can also be used in other courses of study

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  • 20. Manogue, Michael
    et al.
    McLoughlin, Jancinta
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Delap, Elis
    Lindh, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Schoonheim-Klein, Meta
    Plasschaert, Alfons
    Curriculum structure, content, learning and assessment in European undergraduate dental education - update 20102011In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This paper presents an updated statement on behalf of the Association for Dental Education in Europe (ADEE) in relation to proposals for undergraduate Curriculum Structure, Content, Learning, Assessment and Student / Staff Exchange for dental education in Europe. A task force was constituted to consider these issues and the two previous, related publications produced by the Association (Plasschaert et al 2006 and 2007) were revised. The broad European dental community was circulated and contributed to the revisions. The paper was approved at the General Assembly of ADEE, held in Amsterdam in August 2010 and will be updated again in 2015.

  • 21.
    Mattheos, Nikos
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Högström, Mats
    Hallstedt, Per-Axel
    Malmberg, Claes
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Hartsmar, Nanny
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Multidisciplinary development of professional identity through a Problem Based Learning Curriculum2008In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 122-123Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Healthcare practitioners operate in an increasingly complex social environment, where daily professional practice requires dealing with problems of social, moral, ethical and legal dimensions. This crucial aspect of "professionalism" is often neglected in the dental curriculum. The aim of this pedagogic project is to use self and peer-assessment to help students develop their professional identity. Through the use of authentic situations , the project aims to confront students with controversial scenarios from professional life and consequently help them define well informed strategies. Materials and Methods: This project is a collaboration between the Faculty of Odontology, the School of Social Sciences and the School of Education, University of Malmo¨, Sweden. All three disciplines have with the help of students developed "cases" based on authentic scenarios. These cases include controversial situations extending in the field of professional ethics, law, sociology and morality. The dentist, teacher or sociologist has to take decisions that can significantly affect the life of others. Students are asked to identify the best possible strategies to deal with the problems, based on scientific evidence but also laws, professional ethics and social structures. The cases will be used for self-assessment and peer assessment in groups, as described by the Interactive Examination methodology. In brief this implies that the students describe, analyse and act, compare their own and other students´ or teachers’ ways to deal with a problem, and consequently articulate their needs of new competencies and define new learning objectives. Conclusions: The ability to successfully handle social, ethical and legal dimensions of patient treatment is a significant dimension of professionalism, which often is neglected in our curricula. This multidisciplinary project aims to broaden and strengthen the professional identity of dental students, thus better preparing them to operate in a complex society.

  • 22.
    Mattheos, Nikos
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Nattestad, Anders
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Jansson, Henrik
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Attström, Rolf
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    The Effects of an Interactive Software Application on The Self-Assessment Ability of Dental Students2004In: European journal of dental education, ISSN 1396-5883, E-ISSN 1600-0579, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 97-104Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A randomised controlled trial was designed to test an Internet-based interactive application as a stand-alone support for the development of self-assessment skills among second-year dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malmo, Sweden. Fifty-two students were randomised into an experimental (n = 26) and a control group (n = 26). Both groups went through four identical learning cases in elementary clinical Periodontology during a period of 1 month. The experimental group received the cases with the interactive software, while the control group received them through a static web page. After the end of the learning phase, both groups were assessed blindly by two assessors during the interactive examination methodology. There was a moderate agreement between the two assessors, but both failed to find any significant differences between the two groups with regard to self-assessment skills and overall performance of the students. Students positively received the Internet support, but several attitude differences were observed between the two groups during the study. Time on task and competence with computers were positively correlated to assessment results for both groups. On the basis of these findings, it remains unclear if computer-based applications with automated feedback can constitute an effective remedial support for the improvement of self-assessment skills of students. In addition, for such applications to be successfully accepted, two factors are critical: students must have a clear perception of the benefits deriving from the use of the software and the use of the software should be integrated in the curriculum, replacing some of the existing workload.

  • 23.
    Sjödin, Torgny
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Glantz, Per Olof
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Delmopinol - adsorption to and absorption through the oral mucosa2020In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 78, no 8, p. 572-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The findings indicate that delmopinol interacts with the salivary film of the upper labial mucosa and affects its polarity. It appears that delmopinol assists in the maintenance of the hydrophilicity of the mucosal pellicle and thereby also reinforcing hydration of the mucosa. The rat autoradiograms, showed that radioactivity remains in the oral mucosa after 24 h, but diffuses through the mucosal membranes into the systemic circulation.

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  • 24. Stading, Mats
    et al.
    Johansson, Daniel
    Diogo Löfgren, Christina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Viscoelastic properties of saliva from different glands2009In: Annual transactions of the Nordic Rheology Society, Vol 17, 2009, p. 109-112Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The viscoelastic properties of saliva from different glands were characterized using small amplitude oscillatory shear with a narrow gap parallel plate system. Mechanical spectra of stimulated and unstimulated human submandibular-sublingual saliva (HSMSL) and human parotid saliva (HPS) were compared. The HSMSL saliva had higher modulus and longer relaxation times due to higher mucus content than the parotid saliva. Unstimulated saliva showed the same behaviour when compared to stimulated saliva, but only after aresting period of 20 minutes.

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  • 25.
    Wickström, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Mucosal Biology Group, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Section for Molecular Pathogenesis, Lund University, P. O. Box 94, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Davies, Julia
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Mucosal Biology Group, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Section for Molecular Pathogenesis, Lund University, P. O. Box 94, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Carlstedt, Ingemar
    Mucosal Biology Group, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Section for Molecular Pathogenesis, Lund University, P. O. Box 94, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Macromolecular organization of saliva: identification of ‘insoluble’ MUC5B assemblies and non-mucin proteins in the gel phase2000In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 351, no 2, p. 421-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stimulated human submandibular’sublingual (HSMSL) and whole saliva were separated into sol and gel phases and mucins were isolated by density-gradient centrifugation in CsCl/4M guanidinium chloride. MUC5B and MUC7 were identified using anti-peptide antisera raised against sequences within the MUC5B and MUC7 apoproteins respectively. MUC7 was found mainly in the sol phase of both HSMSL and whole saliva, but some MUC7 was consistently present in the gel phase, suggesting that this mucin may interact with the salivary gel matrix. In HSMSL saliva, MUC5B was found in the gel phase ; however, most of the materialwas‘ insoluble ’inguanidiniumchlorideandwasonly brought into solution by reduction. In whole saliva, the MUC5B mucin was present both in the sol and gel phases although some materialwasagain‘ insoluble ’.Rate-zonalcentrifugationof whole saliva showed that MUC5B mucins in the sol phase were smaller than those in the gel phase, suggesting differences in oligomerization and/or degradation. Antibodies against IgA, secretory component, lysozyme and lactoferrin were used to study the distribution of non-gel-forming proteins in the different phases of saliva. The majority of these proteins was found in the sol phase of both HSMSL and whole saliva. However, a significant fraction was present in the gel phase of whole saliva, suggesting a post-secretory interaction with the salivary gel matrix. A monoclonal antibody against a parotid salivary agglutinin was used to show that this protein is present mainly in the gel phase of both whole saliva and parotid secretion.

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