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  • 1.
    Adams, David
    et al.
    Univ Birmingham, Urban Planning, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England.
    Andres, Lauren
    UCL, UCL Fac Built Environm, Bartlett Sch Planning, Urban Planning, London WC1 0NN, England.
    Denoon Stevens, Stuart
    Univ Free State, Fac Nat & Agr Sci, Urban & Reg Planning, POB 339, ZA-9300 Bloemfontein, South Africa.
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Challenges, opportunities and legacies: experiencing the internationalising of UK planning curricula across space and time2020In: Town planning review, ISSN 0041-0020, E-ISSN 1478-341X, Vol. 91, no 5, p. 515-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on interviews with selected UK planning academics and survey results from current planning practitioners, this article provides valuable and timely perspectives on how internationalisation is experienced by those within and beyond the immediate institutional context. Although internationally focused planning education helps planners tackle the manifold urban challenges in the global South, the article goes on to argue that relational approaches hold much promise for planners working in so-called developed countries, including the UK, to understand the diverse needs of different diasporic communities. Such knowledge is crucial to develop sustainable planning solutions in the face of uneven processes of urban development.

  • 2. Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    Bakare, Hakeem
    Bryson, John
    Khaemba, Winnie
    Melgaço, Lorena
    The University of Birmingham, UK.
    Mwaniki, George
    Planning, temporary urbanism and citizen-led alternative-substitute place-making in the Global South2021In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 29-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that planning in the Global South needs to be embedded within a more complex and systemic framework based on understanding cities' functions and transformations, at both local and regional levels, whilst advocating for and incorporating informal and temporary dynamics. This is to differentiate between two competing processes: formal planning and citizen-led place-making, here considered as a form of reactive alternative-substitute place-making that occurs when there is no available alternative. The paper calls for a better integration of such impermanent, adaptable, temporary and alternative forms of place-making into the planning process for regional futures.

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  • 3. Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    Bryson, John
    Denoon Stevens, Stuart
    Bakare, Hakeem
    Du Toit, Katrina
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Calling for Responsible Inclusive Planning and Healthy Cities in Africa2021In: Town planning review, ISSN 0041-0020, E-ISSN 1478-341X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 195-201Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    Bartlett School of Planning, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Denoon-Stevens, Stuart Paul
    University of the Free State, South Africa.
    Bryson, John R.
    Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Bakare, Hakeem
    University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Planning for Sustainable Urban Livelihoods in Africa2022In: The Routledge Handbook on Livelihoods in the Global South / [ed] Fiona Nunan; Clare Barnes; Sukanya Krishnamurthy, Routledge, 2022, p. 335-344Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the role, success and failures of spatial planning in shaping African cities and its influence on livelihoods. To date, planning in Africa has largely failed to address the needs and livelihoods of the poor and struggled to address wider issues such as spatial and economic inclusion, health inequalities, future pandemics and climate change. Planning for sustainable livelihoods across Africa must consider the distinction between universal or more generic approaches to planning and the experience of particular places and people, specifically, accounting for the needs and practices of informal entrepreneurs. This chapter first explores how the legacy of colonial planning has impacted the segregation of spaces and hence of livelihoods, particularly those of the poorer communities. It then discusses the barriers faced by planning to address the informal nature of the livelihoods of lower-income communities. Finally, it sketches out the challenges that need to be overcome and how planning for sustainable livelihoods should thus be tackled in Africa in the future. 

  • 5.
    Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Jones, Phil
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Denoon-Stevens, Stuart Paul
    University of the Free State, South Africa.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Negotiating polyvocal strategies: Re-reading de Certeau through the lens of urban planning in South Africa2020In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 57, no 12, p. 2440-2455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Practice of Everyday Life (de Certeau M (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press) has become a canonical text in urban studies, with de Certeau’s idea of tactics having been widely deployed to understand and theorise the everyday. Tactics of resistance were contrasted with the strategies of the powerful, but the ways in which these strategies are operationalised were left ambiguous by de Certeau and have remained undertheorised since. We address this lacuna through an examination of the planning profession in South Africa as a lieu propre– a strategic territory with considerable power to shape urban environments. Based on a large interview data set examining practitioner attitudes toward the state of the profession in South Africa, this paper argues that the strategies of the powerful are themselves subject to negotiation. We trace connections with de Certeau’s earlier work to critique the idea that strategies are univocal. We do this by examining how the interests of different powerful actors can come into conflict, using the planning profession as an exemplar of how opposing strategies must be mediated in order to secure changes in society.

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  • 6.
    Bakare, Hakeem
    et al.
    Department of Strategy and International Business, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK.
    Stevens, Stuart Denoon
    Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, Republic of South Africa.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Informality and Temporary Urbanism as Defiance: Tales of the Everyday Life and Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa2020In: Transforming Cities Through Temporary Urbanism: A Comparative International Overview / [ed] Lauren Andres; Amy Y. Zhang, Springer, 2020, p. 61-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of informality in African citizens’ everyday survival reflects the strategies and attitudes of citizens towards state plans and policies. This chapter dissociates the discussion of temporary urbanism from its typical Global North perspective to explore how this concept plays out in a Southern context, namely Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We look at the relationships between temporary urban settlements, citizens’ resilience to socio-economic deprivation, loss of trust in government, and resistance to neoliberal policies in such a context. The chapter begins with a historical account of informality in SSA in order to explain its socio-political construction in the present. We then explore how informality is addressed in its ‘temporariness’ as a state strategy to evade the realities of African cities or to avoid providing adequate housing. The overall argument of this chapter is that there is a need for attitudinal change in the political disposition to informality, which could help to recognise the value and permanence of informality in SSA.

  • 7.
    Baltazar, Ana Paula
    et al.
    School of Architecture, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    van Stralen, Mateus
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Arruda, Guilherme
    Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Brazil.
    Milagres, Lígia
    School of Architecture of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Ituita: An Interface for Playful Interaction and Socio-Spatial Transformation2019In: Built Environment, ISSN 0263-7960, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 212-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses Ituita, an interactive media cascade built in Congonhas (Minas Gerais, Brazil) that displayed residents’ perceptions of their city and sought to engage people in discussion, decision-making and direct action. It first introduces Ituita’s purpose of socio-spatial transformation, and how this focused on the design process away from technological development to stimulate dialogical interactions. It argues that representative democracy helps support capitalist interests and hinders direct action that could build a deeper form of citizenship. It then presents the development of Ituita’s ideals and discusses Ituita’s failures. In particular, it considers the need for a pedagogical process that could promote continuous engagement with the city. The following section of the article discusses how an urban interactive interface might trigger engagement, by means of autonomy, leading to a deeper form of citizenship, and how this might enable people to move beyond the political limits of representative democracy. In a brief final section, the lessons for practice are drawn out.

  • 8.
    Celik, Özlem
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Fonseca Alfaro, Claudia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Kadıoğlu Polat, Defne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Book Review. Helga Leitner, Jamie Peck and Eric Sheppard (eds.) 2020: Urban Studies Inside/Out: Theory, Method, Practice. London: Sage2021In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 393-394Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Denoon-Stevens, S. P.
    et al.
    Univ Free State, Urban & Reg Planning, Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    Andres, L.
    UCL, Bartlett Sch Planning, London, England..
    Jones, P.
    Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Massey, R.
    Univ Huddersfield, Ctr Human & Phys Geog, Huddersfield, W Yorkshire, England..
    Nel, V.
    Univ Free State, Urban & Reg Planning, Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    Theory versus Practice in Planning Education: The View from South Africa2022In: Planning practice + research, ISSN 0269-7459, E-ISSN 1360-0583, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 509-525Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reflects on the ongoing debate between theory and practice in planning, using the example of South Africa. Based on survey responses, it discusses how planning education in South Africa is perceived to prepare students for practice. While we acknowledge that the majority of respondents view their planning education positively, the results reveal challenges regarding the practical application of theory, especially in the case of land-use management. We then respond to calls for contextualised practices of knowing, emphasising the 'local' in planning education so that theory and practice can be combined across contexts.

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  • 10.
    Ferranti, Emma
    et al.
    Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England..
    Andres, Lauren
    UCL, Bartlett Sch Planning, Cent House,14 Upper Woburn Pl, London WC1H 0NN, England..
    Denoon-Stevens, Stuart Paul
    Univ Free State, Urban & Reg Planning, 205 Nelson Mandela Dr,Pk West, ZA-9301 Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Oberling, Daniel
    Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Ctr Integrated Studies Climate Change & Environm, Av Pedro Calmon 550, BR-21941901 Rio De Janeiro, RJ, Brazil..
    Quinn, Andrew
    Univ Birmingham, Birmingham Ctr Railway Res & Educ, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England..
    Operational Challenges and Mega Sporting Events Legacy: The Case of BRT Systems in the Global South2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 4, article id 1609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the bus rapid transit (BRT) legacies of mega sporting events (MSEs) held in the Global South cities of Cape Town and Rio de Janeiro. It discusses the extent to which these transport systems have been operationally sustainable, post-MSE; in other words, their ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level and hence their ability to act as public good as planned and according to specific needs. It argues that in both cities, long-term operational challenges have emerged due to conflictual temporalities between the priorities of the MSE and the mid/long term requirements of a transport system, supplemented by a poor spatial contextualisation of BRT design. These include financial viability, providing a service with appropriate frequency and capacity, integration with other transport systems, and resilience to external shocks such as extreme weather. These findings have key academic and policy implications both by opening further areas of research towards MSEs as a tool to deliver sustainable urban transport, and provides important lessons for future MSE hosts and cities considering BRT.

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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Fonseca Alfaro, Claudia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Understanding smart cities through a critical lens2022In: Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures / [ed] Brears, Robert C., Cham.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Jones, Phil
    et al.
    Univ Birmingham, Cultural Geog, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Andres, Lauren
    UCL, London, England..
    Denoon-Stevens, Stuart
    Univ Free State, Dept Urban & Reg Planning, Bloemfontein, South Africa..
    Melgaco Silva Marques, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Planning out abjection?: The role of the planning profession in post-apartheid South Africa2022In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 35-55, article id 14730952211012429Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For Kristeva (1982) the abject not only caused visceral disgust but posed a threat to the established order of society. The abject is a product of particular times and places but limited attention has been given to understanding the process of transitioning away from abject status. We address this gap here through an examination of the planning profession in post-apartheid South Africa. The paper examines how the abject is fluid and resilient, evolving to fit a changing planning system and broader political economy where a discourse of abjection by race has been replaced by a focus on poverty.

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    fulltext
  • 13.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Challenging peripherality through access to the internet?: Socio-spatial practices of the connected rurban2021In: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 73-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates imbricated relationship between the socio-spatial organisation of marginalised rurban communities and the late appropriation of the internet in both Brazil and the UK. It focuses on the underlying forces that shape rurban communities’ everyday lives in the context of digital peripheralisation, understanding that, though embodied and imprinted in space, these are correlated to phenomena pertaining to different social levels – the global and the urban – as discussed by Henri Lefebvre. The study indicates a clear relation between socio-spatial-technological processes and the appropriation of internet, and suggests the need to consider those processes while discussing the so-called ‘digital divide’.

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