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  • 1.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Adjustment, Resistance, or System Shift? The Swedish Housing Regime at the Crossroads2016Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 2.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Myter om bostadssubventioner i ett historiskt perspektiv2016In: 13 myter om bostadsfrågan / [ed] Guy Baeten, Carina Listerborn, Dokument Press , 2016, p. 100-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Myter om den svenska hyrespolitiken2016In: 13 myter om bostadsfrågan / [ed] Guy Baeten, Carina Listerborn, Dokument Press , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Socialbostäder och stigberoende: Varför har vi inte ’social housing’ i Sverige?2017In: Den motspänstiga akademikern: Festskrift till Ingrid Sahlin / [ed] Björn Andersson, Frida Petersson, Anette Skårner, Égalité , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Tenant voice - as strong as it gets: Exit, voice and loyalty in housing renovation2019In: Book of proceeding 8th Malmö Real Estate Research Conference, Malmö University , 2019, p. 142-153Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article applies Hirschmans’ concepts exit, voice and loyalty to a Swedish case of housing renovation in an estate with comparatively strong tenants. Renovations can be considered as shocks or critical junctures to an existing tenant-landlord relation, and therefore expose power relations on the housing market. Renovation processes are complex both technically and socially, and our study indicates that the exit, voice and loyalty framework is a useful tool for analysing such processes. In the case studied, tenants were not able to affect the renovation process per se, but tenant voice did affect the outcome in other respects. We argue that this strong tenant group represents an extreme ‘most likely’ case, making it possible to test the limits of tenant influence.

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  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Uppsala Univ, Inst Housing & Urban Res, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Tenant Voice - As Strong as It Gets: Exit, Voice and Loyalty in Housing Renovation2021In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 365-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article applies Hirschman's model of exit, voice and loyalty to a Swedish case of housing renovation in a building with comparatively well-off tenants. Hirschman's framework is particularly well suited for understanding the housing market with its heterogeneity and high transaction and attachment costs, and accordingly strong loyalty and voice. Our study indicates that the exit-voice-loyalty framework is a useful tool for analysing renovation processes, since these trigger both voice and exit behaviour. We argue that renovations can be considered as critical junctures to an existing tenant-landlord relation, thereby exposing power relations on the housing market. In the case studied, tenants were not able to affect the scope of the renovation directly, but tenant voice did affect the process as well as the outcome in other respects. The capable tenant group makes this a "most likely case" for testing the limits of tenant influence in housing renovation processes.

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  • 7.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research (IBF), Uppsala University.
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Universal and Selective Housing Regimes as Broad and Narrow Policy Fields: A Conceptual Proposal and its Application to Sweden2023In: Tidsskrift for boligforskning, E-ISSN 2535-5988, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 90-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fundamental distinction in welfare state research is the one between universal and selective policies. Consequently, housing researchers often categorize national housing regimes under one of these headings. However, since housing is typically distributed via markets – although with state correctives – and not directly by means of state distribution, the borderline between universal and selective housing policies is seldom clear-cut. This article proposes a framework that can be applied both to housing and other welfare sectors, based on the distinction between a broad and narrow policy field and applicable to institutions, discourses and outcomes on different political levels: national welfare regimes, sector regimes (like housing) and policy instruments.In the article, this framework is applied critically to the Swedish housing regime, which is often understood as being universal. Swedish housing policy and its central policy instruments are analysed in terms of universality and selectivity, together with the housing discourse and the social and economic outcome. The article also discusses how the development of recent years, for example, the increased commercialism of public housing, the spread of so-called social contracts and the recurring ideas about “social housing” can be understood in terms of universal and selective housing policy.

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  • 8.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Håkansson, Peter G.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Karpestam, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Residential Mobility and Housing Policy: Continuity and Change in the Swedish Housing Regime2019In: Investigating Spatial Inequalities: Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe / [ed] Peter Gladoic Håkansson, Helena Bohman, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transaction costs, responsive housing supply, rent controls, tenant protection, and access to credit affect residential mobility these different parts of housing policy are included in what has been defined as housing regimes, which embrace regulations, laws, norms, and ideology as well as economic factors. In this chapter, we investigate how these regimes change by using institutional theories of path dependence. We use Sweden as an example and study three Swedish housing market reforms during the past decades that may have affected residential mobility, each related to one of the main institutional pillars of housing provision: tenure legislation, taxation, and finance. More precisely, we study the development of the rental regulation since the late 1960s, the tax reform in 1991, and the new reforms on mortgages since 2010. What caused these reforms? What were the main mechanisms behind them, and why did they occur at the time they did? We argue, besides affecting residential mobility, these reforms have the common feature of including interesting elements of path dependence and forming critical junctures that have led the development on to a new path. Institutions of tenure legislation, housing finance, and taxation are often claimed to have effects on residential mobility. Although they are seldom designed with the explicit aim of supporting (or counteracting) residential mobility, they may sometimes do so as more or less unintended consequences.

  • 9.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Håkansson, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Karpestam, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Housing Regimes and Labour Market Mobility2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 10.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Kohl, Sebastian
    Path Dependence and Change in Housing. A Theoretical Framework and an Application to the German and Swedish Housing Regimes2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing institutions and the durable structures of housing are often subject to long-term processes of decade- or even century-long incremental change. Nevertheless, housing studies have largely focused either on static analysis in the form of single case or comparative snapshots of policies, or, more recently, on the inertia of institutional path dependence, while processes of incremental change have been almost entirely neglected. Social scientists like Wolfgang Streeck, Kathleen Thelen and James Mahoney have proposed a typology of patterns of incremental institutional change, and this paper explores the applicability of this typology to housing provision. This is done, more specifically, by analyzing two dominant processes of gradual change in recent decades: the slow but steady rise in homeownership and the gradual decline of public and social housing, taking as country cases the comparatively static and path dependent housing regimes of Germany and Sweden. The typology is found helpful for analyzing the different processes being at work in both countries. We conclude with some critical observations on how to analyze gradual change in housing.

  • 11.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ruonavaara, Hannu
    Department of Social Research, University of Turku, Finland.
    Sørvoll, Jardar
    NOVA, Akershus University College of the Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Home Ownership, Housing Policy and Path Dependence in Finland, Norway and Sweden2017In: Housing Wealth and Welfare / [ed] Caroline Dewilde, Richard Ronald, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12. CRUSH, Critical Urban Sustainability Hub
    et al.
    Baeten, Guy
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Blackwell, Tim
    Christophers, Brett
    Grundström, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Holgersen, Ståle
    Kärrholm, Mattias
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Listerborn, Carina
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Molina, Irene
    Peiteado Fernández, Vítor
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Pull, Emil
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Rodenstedt, Ann
    Thörn, Catharina
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Westin, Sara
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    13 myter om bostadsfrågan2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I tretton kapitel utmanas rådande problemformuleringar om vad som utgör hindren för att skapa en mer tillgänglig bostadsmarknad och rimligare boendesituation åt alla. Är ökad marknadsekonomi lösningen på bostadsbristen? Måste vi sänka kvalitetskraven för att alla ska få tak över huvudet? Hur hänger bostadsfrågan och frågan om integration och segregation ihop? Är gentrifiering en naturlig förändring av staden? Rådande "sanningar" om fler avregleringar, lägre skatter och ökad marknadsfrihet har kommit att stå i vägen för nytänkande. Det behövs fler röster i debatten. 13 myter om bostadsfrågan ger alternativa tolkningar som kan föra in nya perspektiv på bostadskrisen. Boken ges ut av Förlag Dokument Press, med illustrationer av Sara Granér.

  • 13.
    Liu, Ju
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Uppsala Univ, Inst Housing & Urban Res, SE-20506 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, SE-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing renovation is a common concern to owners, tenants and to society at large. In addition to the high economic costs, the implementation of housing renovation usually have a long-term impact on the society and the built environment. This is a theoretical paper that develops a system model for understanding sustainable housing renovation as a system phenomenon which has multiple sustainability goals, complicated dynamic processes, diverse actors, and a sophisticated institutional environment. It identifies the key challenges of a sustainable housing renovation system, namely the conflicting sustainability goals and the conflicting stakeholder interests. To address these two challenges, the paper suggests an innovation approach in which the process of innovation (linear versus organic) and the typology of innovation (product versus process and business versus social) toward sustainable housing renovation are discussed.

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  • 14.
    Liu, Ju
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A Theoretical Framework of Sustainable Housing Renovation: A System Perspective and Innovation Approach (draft)2019Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 15. Sorvoll, Jardar
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Pyrrhic victory of civil society housing? Co-operative housing in Sweden and Norway2018In: International journal of housing policy, ISSN 1949-1247, E-ISSN 1949-1255, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 124-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Co-operative housing in Sweden and Norway are true success stories of civil society housing in terms of market shares. This stands in stark contrast to some other European countries, where attempts to promote co-operative housing have consistently met with difficulties, both politically and in the market. The paper explores the history of co-operative housing in Sweden and Norway since 1945 through the lens of path dependence. Notably, co-operative housing changed gradually in both countries between the 1950s and the 1990s, when cooperative companies went from being civil society organisations espousing the ideals of self-help, democracy, non-profit and solidarity, towards becoming more market oriented and profit seeking. We argue that two drivers, 'the logic of conflicting member interests' and 'the logic of competition and growth', contributed decisively to this development. These drivers may also be good candidates for general mechanisms of civil society housing based partly on collective or individual ownership - if they are not kept at bay. In our view, there seems to be some trade-off between the pursuit of civil society objectives and market success. This should serve as a marker for advocates of civil society housing.

  • 16.
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Liu, Ju
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, S-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, S-20506 Malmo, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Inst Housing & Urban Res, Box 514, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing renovation, in contrast to new construction projects, has to take good care of the tenants who are already living in the building. What are the theoretical and practical implications concerning the transformation from a technology-and-engineering-focused renovation approach to a more user-oriented one? What are the mechanisms of strategy change? Based on our case we argue that the mechanisms of strategy change are based on the interplay between external disturbance and internal renewal. External disturbance is the trigger of strategy change, but it does not, in itself, necessarily lead to strategy change, and particularly not for an innovative new strategy. The internal new competence is the source of changing from an old strategy to an innovative new strategy. The real estate industry needs to undergo a transformation from the rationalistic technology- and engineering-focused renovation model (TEF model) to a more inclusive approach. We suggest a user-oriented model (UO model) where user involvement is seen as integrated in the whole process of renovation.

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  • 17. Strömblad, Per
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Collective Political Action as Civic Voluntarism: Analysing Ethnic Associations as Political Participants by Translating Individual-level Theory to the Organizational Level2017In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents and empirically evaluates an analytical experiment in which we seek to translate individual-level explanations of differences in political participation to an organizational level. Utilizing the Civic Voluntarism Model, we analyse the consequences of voluntary associations' politically valuable 'resources', 'motivation', and 'recruitment networks'. Using data from a survey of ethnic associations in Stockholm, Sweden, results suggest that the overall logic of how associational-level political participation is encouraged resembles corresponding mechanisms on the individual level. We conclude that both our theoretical argument and empirical findings merit further analyses of civil society actors' political participation with the approach taken in this study.

  • 18. Sørvoll, Jadar
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Mechanisms of Solidarity in Collaborative Housing: The Case of Co-operative Housing in Denmark 1980–20172020In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 65-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss the role of solidarity in collaborative housing in relation to the trajectory and discourse of the Danish idea of co-operative housing (andelstanken). Our analytical perspective draws on the concept of social mechanisms and a framework suggested by the social scientist Steinar Stjernø. We argue that collaborative housing based on individual (home) ownership of shares and user-rights to apartments are susceptible to the mechanism of “conflicting interests between different categories on the housing market”. Moreover, we suggest that this mechanism has a tendency to further the economic interests of residents, at the expense of the external solidarity with groups looking to access affordable housing. Our argument is supported by theoretical reflection, the historical trajectory of co-operative housing in Scandinavia and empirical analysis of the Danish case.

  • 19. Sørvoll, Jardar
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Autonomy, Democracy and Solidarity :The Defining Principles of Collaborative Civil Society Housing and Some Mechanisms that May Challenge them2020In: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077, Vol. 13, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This theoretical paper introduces a conceptual framework for empirical study and comparison of collaborative civil society housing (CSH). We suggest that CSH communities satisfy four criteria to a lesser or higher extent: (1) autonomy, (2) participatory democracy, (3) internal solidarity and (4) external solidarity. Drawing primarily on empirical examples from the scholarly literature on co-operative housing, we claim that all CSH communities face challenges that may lead to the erosion of these civil society criteria. We argue that such challenges are general social mechanisms that manifest themselves in various types of situations, for instance, when apartments are transferred or refurbished.

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