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  • 1. Andoralov, Viktor
    et al.
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Flexible micro(bio)sensors for quantitative analysis of bioanalytes in a nanovolume of human lachrymal liquid2013Inngår i: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 405, nr 11, s. 3871-3879Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A flexible electrochemical micro(bio)sensor has been designed for determination of several biological compounds, specifically, ascorbate, dopamine, and glucose, in human lachrymal liquid (tears). The microsensor for simultaneous determination of ascorbate and dopamine concentrations was based on a gold microwire modified with the tetrathiafulvalen–7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane complex as a catalyst. To monitor glucose concentration in tears, glucose dehydrogenase was immobilized on a gold microwire modified with carbon nanotubes and an osmium redox polymer. A capillary microcell was constructed for sampling tears. The cell had a working volume of 60–100 nL with a sampling deviation of 6.7 %. To check if the microcell was properly filled with buffer or tear sample, a control electrode was introduced into the construction. The electrode was used to measure the electrical resistance of a fully filled nanovolume cell. The mechanical flexibility is one of the most important features of the prototype and allowed direct collection of tears with minimized risk of damage to the eye.

  • 2.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Joiner, Andrew
    Elofsson, Ulla
    Adsorption of chlorhexidine and black tea onto in vitro salivary pellicles, as studied by ellipsometry2006Inngår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 114, s. 337-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adsorption from 0.2% (w/w) chlorhexidine and black tea solutions onto an in vitro pellicle from whole unstimulated saliva on hydroxyapatite discs was studied by ellipsometry. It was found that chlorhexidine adsorbed to the pellicle causing a modification of the pellicle properties, leading to a subsequent increase in adsorption of salivary and black tea components. There was a distinct order of addition effect, whereby chlorhexidine followed by black tea gave an overall greater adsorption of components compared to black tea followed by chlorhexidine. This increase in adsorption gave a concomitant increase in colour or stain as measured by a reflectance chromameter. The increase in adsorbed amounts and stain was modified in part by the adsorption of salivary fractions between the chlorhexidine and black tea treatments. In all cases, the chlorhexidine and black tea modified pellicles were not readily removed by either phosphate or sodium dodecyl sulphate rinses. Thus, following chlorhexidine exposure, the accelerated adsorption of salivary and black tea components can ultimately lead to increased staining of the pellicle.

  • 3.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Malmsten, M
    Elofsson, U.M.
    Joiner, Andrew
    Adsorption from Black Tea and Red Wine onto IN Vitro Salivary Pellicles Studied by Ellipsometry2003Inngår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 111, nr 5, s. 417-422Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adsorption of black tea and red wine components onto a pellicle-like protein layer formed in vitro by adsorption from whole unstimulated saliva on hydroxyapatite discs were studied by in situ ellipsometry. It was found that components from black tea readily adsorbed to the pellicle. Subsequent exposure to saliva led to further adsorption of salivary components to give an overall increase in the amounts adsorbed. The amounts adsorbed increased still further following a third tea and saliva exposure. Components of red wine gave significantly greater amounts of adsorption to the pellicle than black tea. The adsorption of components of black tea gave a concomitant increase in colour or stain as measured by a reflectance chromameter. In all cases, the black tea- and red wine-modified pellicles were not eluted by either phosphate buffer or sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) rinses. Thus, black tea and red wine components have been shown to have a profound effect on in vitro pellicle maturation, causing thickened layers of stained material to build up, which are not readily removed.

  • 4.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Nylander, Tommy
    Miller, Reinhard
    The 26th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society held in Malmö, Sweden on 2-7 September 20122014Inngår i: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 442Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Rutland, M. W
    Hahn Berg, IC
    Lubricating Properties of the Initial Salivary Pellicle2003Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 365-369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of saliva in the oral cavity is manifold; an important function is to serve as lubricant between hard (enamel) and soft (mucosal) tissues. Intraoral lubrication is of crucial importance in order to maintain functions such as deglutition, mastication and the faculty of speech. A large number of people suffer from impaired salivary functions, displaying symptoms such as 'dry mouth'. This results in a need for methods to assess the lubricating properties of both native saliva and potential artificial saliva formulations. Here, normal as well as lateral forces, acting between adsorbed salivary films, have been measured for the first time by means of colloidal probe atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was found that the presence of salivary pellicles between hard surfaces reduces the friction coefficient by a factor of 20. This reduction of friction is consistent with the long-range purely repulsive nature of the normal forces acting between the salivary films. The lubricating mechanism is presumably based on a full separation of the sliding surfaces by the salivary films. The friction between salivary films has been investigated at normal loads that cover the clinical jaw closing forces, and it can be concluded that the lubricating properties are maintained within this load interval. The present study indicates the usefulness of colloidal probe AFM, which offers a direct and quantitative measure of lubrication at a molecular level, in the study of biotribological phenomena. In particular, the results obtained here may have implications for the development of saliva substitutes.

  • 6.
    Aroonsang, Watcharapong
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    El-Schich, Zahra
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Influence of substratum hydrophobicity on salivary pellicles: organization or composition?2014Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 30, nr 9, s. 1123-1132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Different physico-chemical properties (eg adsorption kinetics, thickness, viscoelasticity, and mechanical stability) of adsorbed salivary pellicles depend on different factors, including the properties (eg charge, roughness, wettability, and surface chemistry) of the substratum. Whether these differences in the physico-chemical properties are a result of differences in the composition or in the organization of the pellicles is not known. In this work, the influence of substratum wettability on the composition of the pellicle was studied. For this purpose, pellicles eluted from substrata of different but well-characterized wettabilities were examined by means of sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The results showed that substratum hydrophobicity did not have a major impact on pellicle composition. In all substrata, the major pellicle components were found to be cystatins, amylases and large glycoproteins, presumably mucins. In turn, interpretation of previously reported data based on the present results suggests that variations in substratum wettability mostly affect the organization of the pellicle components.

  • 7.
    Barrantes, Alejandro
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Characteristics of saliva films adsorbed onto different dental materials studied by QCM-D2014Inngår i: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 442, nr Special issue: Selected papers from the 26th European Colloid and Interface Society conference (26th ECIS 2012), s. 56-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of salivary films onto different surfaces relevant in dental research like titania, hydroxyapatite, gold, zirconia, silica, and hydrophobized silica has been studied by means of QCM-D. Human whole saliva (HWS), and sterile filtered HWS (sHWS) both diluted in water to a final concentration of 25% (v/v) were used. Main differences between the salivary films formed from the two saliva types were observed with the help of ΔD vs Δf plots where sHWS samples showed an almost linear adsorption regime for most of the surfaces whereas most of the HWS samples had a marked multi-regime nature indicating that the former ones are homogenous and the later are heterogeneous supporting previous data on a multi-phase adsorption process. The films with highest shear elastic modulus, μ > 105 N m−2, shear viscosity, η ∼ 3 × 10−3 N s m−2, and lowest thickness (∼10 nm) were formed for both types of saliva onto hydroxyapatite and for sHWS on titania. Furthermore, the ratio between the loss, G″, and the storage modulus, G′, indicates that these films have a solid-like behavior (G″/G′ ≤ 0.5). In contrast, for the remaining surfaces the adsorbed films show higher d values and are also characterized by low μ ∼ 104 N m−2, η ∼ 10−3 N s m−2, and by high ratios, G″/G′ > 2, that indicate a fluid like behavior. These observations might be expected to have influence on the lubricating properties of the salivary films. The SDS induced elutability also indicates a different interaction strength and composition of the adsorbed films and is likely associated with the ease by which these surfaces can be cleaned. Our results suggest that, among the relevant materials, zirconia and titania would yield the more lubricious films whereas hydroxyapatite will be the most easily cleaned.

  • 8.
    Barrantes, Alejandro
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Santos, Olga
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Influence of pH on the build-up of poly-L-lysine/heparin multilayers2012Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 388, nr 1, s. 191-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of pH on the build-up-of polyelectrolyte multilayers, PEMs, composed by poly-L-lysine and heparin onto two different substrates, silica and gold, has been studied by means of ellispmetry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation, QCM-D. Ellipsometry results indicate that the dry mass grows exponentially with the number of layers, and that this amount is larger as the pH values are raised. From QCM-D data the viscoelastic properties of the multilayered structure have been obtained. These data reflect that PEMs become more viscoelastic as the pH values are increased for silica substrates, while for gold the highest viscoelastic behavior is obtained at neutral pH and the elastic behavior becomes dominant as the pH is further increased or decreased. By combining these two surface techniques it has been also possible to determine the solvent content in the multilayers and reach a deeper understanding of the internal structure.

  • 9.
    Barrantes, Alejandro
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Department of Biomaterials, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1109 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.
    Wengenroth, Jonas
    Department of Biomaterials, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1109 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Haugen, Håvard J.
    Department of Biomaterials, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1109 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.
    Poly-L-lysine/heparin multilayer coatings prevent blood protein adsorption2017Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 485, s. 288-295Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The adsorption of blood proteins, serum albumin (BSA), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and fibrinogen (FGN), onto model SiO2 planar surfaces coated with poly-L-lysine/heparin multilayers (PLL/HEP) has been investigated by means of ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation. Aiming at the development of low fouling coatings, this study has been focused on the effects that the number of layers and the type of polyelectrolyte present on the topmost layer have on the adsorption of these proteins. The three proteins interact with PLL-ended coatings whereas HEP-ended coatings prevent the adsorption of both BSA and IgG and induce a decrease in the adsorbed amount of FGN, down to 0.4 mg/m(2) for three bilayers, as the number of PLL/HEP bilayers increases. These results suggest that heparin-ended multilayers prevent protein adsorption, which is an indicative of good blood compatibility. As a consequence we propose that PLL/HEP coatings could be used for the development of vascular medical devices. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 10. Bergenstål, B
    et al.
    Alsins, J
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Landström, K
    Competitive Protein Adsorption between B-Casein and B-Lactoglobulin During Spray-Drying: Effect of Calcium induced Association2003Inngår i: Food Hydrocolloids, ISSN 0268-005X, E-ISSN 1873-7137, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 103-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Competitive adsorption between B-casein and B-lactoglobulin (B-Lg) during spray-drying was studied by the new surface sensitive technique using fluorescence quenching of pyrene labelled protein at the powder surface. The difference in competitiveness of B-casein when present as monomers and as associated into micellar like structures were studied. Results were compared with the adsorption of single proteins at the powder surface. The adsorption of monomeric B-casein alone gave an apparent surface load of 1 mg/m2 at a protein concentration of 0.3% dry weight and then remained constant with an increasing protein concentration. In the presence of Ca2+, associated B-casein gave a lower affinity adsorption than monomeric B-casein and did not reach a plateau value, instead it continued to increase with an increasing protein concentration. B-Lg showed a low-affinity adsorption during spray-drying compared to monomeric B-casein, although not as low as associated B-casein. Competitive adsorption between monomeric B-casein and B-Lg resulted in a higher apparent surface load of B-casein than B-Lg at both protein concentrations studied (total 0.3 and 3.3% dry weight). However, in an associated form B-casein was less competitive than B-Lg. At a low bulk protein concentration (0.3% dry weight) B-Lg dominated the powder surface, whereas at a higher concentration (3.3% dry weight) there was little difference between the proteins. The results indicate that the competitiveness of a protein during spray-drying is highly influenced by the ability of the protein to attach and rearrange at the droplet's air?water interface during the spray-drying process.

  • 11.
    Blomqvist Rippner, B
    et al.
    Institute for Surface Chemistry, Box 5607, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Benjamins, J-W
    Department of Chemistry, Surface Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Drottning Kristinas väg 51,SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nylander, Tommy
    Physical Chemistry 1, Lund University, Box 124,SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Ellipsometric characterization of ethylene oxide-butylene oxide diblock copolymer adsorption at the air-water interface2005Inngår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 21, nr 11, s. 5061-5068Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ellipsometry was used to determine the adsorbed layer thickness (d) and the surface excess (adsorbed amount, Γ) of a nonionic diblock copolymer, E106B16, of poly(ethylene oxide) (E) and poly(butylene oxide) (B) at the air−water interface. The results were obtained (i) by the conventional ellipsometric evaluation procedure using the change of both ellipsometric angles Ψ and Δ and (ii) by using the change of Δ only and assuming values of the layer thickness. It was demonstrated that the calculated surface excesses from the different methods were in close agreement, independent of the evaluation procedure, with a plateau adsorption of about 2.5 mg/m2 (400 Å2/molecule). Furthermore, the amount of E106B16 adsorbed at the air−water interface was found to be almost identical to that adsorbed from aqueous solution onto a hydrophobic solid surface. In addition, the possibility to use combined measurements with H2O or D2O as substrates to calculate values of d and Γ was investigated and discussed. We also briefly discuss within which limits the Gibbs equation can be used to determine the surface excess of polydisperse block copolymers.

  • 12.
    Boyd, Hannah
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan F
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Welbourn, Rebecca J L
    ISIS Facility, STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX, UK.
    Gutfreund, Philipp
    Institut Laue Langevin, 71 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble 38000, France.
    Klechikov, Alexey
    Institut Laue Langevin, 71 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble 38000, France; Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Robertsson, Carolina
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Wickström, Claes
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Barker, Robert
    School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NH, UK.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    A comparison between the structures of reconstituted salivary pellicles and oral mucin (MUC5B) films.2021Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 584, s. 660-668, artikkel-id S0021-9797(20)31464-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    HYPOTHESIS: Salivary pellicles i.e., thin films formed upon selective adsorption of saliva, protect oral surfaces against chemical and mechanical insults. Pellicles are also excellent aqueous lubricants. It is generally accepted that reconstituted pellicles have a two-layer structure, where the outer layer is mainly composed of MUC5B mucins. We hypothesized that by comparing the effect of ionic strength on reconstituted pellicles and MUC5B films we could gain further insight into the pellicle structure.

    EXPERIMENTS: Salivary pellicles and MUC5B films reconstituted on solid surfaces were investigated at different ionic strengths by Force Spectroscopy, Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation, Null Ellipsometry and Neutron Reflectometry.

    FINDINGS: Our results support the two-layer structure for reconstituted salivary pellicles. The outer layer swelled when ionic strength decreased, indicating a weak polyelectrolyte behavior. While initially the MUC5B films exhibited a similar tendency, this was followed by a drastic collapse indicating an interaction between exposed hydrophobic domains. This suggests that mucins in the pellicle outer layer form complexes with other salivary components that prevent this interaction. Lowering ionic strength below physiological values also led to a partial removal of the pellicle inner layer. Overall, our results highlight the importance that the interactions of mucins with other pellicle components play on their structure.

  • 13.
    Boyd, Hannah
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan F
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Welbourn, Rebecca J L
    Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK.
    Ma, Kun
    Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK.
    Li, Peixun
    Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK.
    Gutfreund, Philipp
    Institut Laue Langevin, France.
    Klechikov, Alexey
    Institut Laue Langevin, France; Uppsala University.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Barker, Robert
    University of Kent, UK.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Effect of nonionic and amphoteric surfactants on salivary pellicles reconstituted in vitro2021Inngår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikkel-id 12913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Surfactants are important components of oral care products. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is the most common because of its foaming properties, taste and low cost. However, the use of ionic surfactants, especially SDS, is related to several oral mucosa conditions. Thus, there is a high interest in using non-ionic and amphoteric surfactants as they are less irritant. To better understand the performance of these surfactants in oral care products, we investigated their interaction with salivary pellicles i.e., the proteinaceous films that cover surfaces exposed to saliva. Specifically, we focused on pentaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E5) and cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) as model nonionic and amphoteric surfactants respectively, and investigated their interaction with reconstituted salivary pellicles with various surface techniques: Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation, Ellipsometry, Force Spectroscopy and Neutron Reflectometry. Both C12E5 and CAPB were gentler on pellicles than SDS, removing a lower amount. However, their interaction with pellicles differed. Our work indicates that CAPB would mainly interact with the mucin components of pellicles, leading to collapse and dehydration. In contrast, exposure to C12E5 had a minimal effect on the pellicles, mainly resulting in the replacement/solubilisation of some of the components anchoring pellicles to their substrate.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 14. Carlsson, F
    et al.
    Hyltner, E
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Malmsten, M
    Linse, Per
    Lysozyme Adsorption to Charged Surfaces. A Monte Carlo Study2004Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 108, nr 28, s. 9871-9881Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Christersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Film-forming properties and viscosities of saliva substitutes and human whole saliva2000Inngår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 108, nr 5, s. 418-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hypo-salivation, related to medical remedies, is an increasing clinical problem. Studies report a weak correlation between subjective mouth dryness and objective sialometry. This indicates that both quantity and quality of saliva are important for the surface-associated functions of saliva, such as lubrication and hydration, to be expressed. Film-forming properties and viscosities of three saliva substitutes were compared to human saliva. Adsorption to surfaces was measured by ellipsometry, infrared spectroscopy and drop-volume technique. Viscosity measurements were carried out using an oscillating rheometer. Saliva, with the lowest viscosity value and the highest protein content, presented superior film retention on both hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. The carboxymethylcellulose-based MAS 84 showed intermediate values of viscosity, poorest ability to reduce surface tension, and negligible film-forming capacity. The porcine mucin-based Saliva Orthana showed about twice the viscosity of saliva and film-forming capability on preferably hydrophobic substrates. Salinum, a linseed extract, possessed the highest viscosity value and an initial surface tension close to that of saliva. The film retention on hydrophilic surfaces was not as effective as for saliva. The results indicate that the film-forming capacity of saliva substitutes is a property also to be considered in the exploration of clinically effective artificial salivas.

  • 16. Cukkemane, Nivedita
    et al.
    Bikker, Floris
    Nazmi, Kamran
    Brand, Henk
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Veerman, Enno
    Anti-adherence and bactericidal activity of sphingolipids against Streptococcus mutans2015Inngår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 123, nr 4, s. 221-227Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study evaluated the anti-biofilm activity of sphingosine, phytosphingosine (PHS), and sphinganine for: (i) anti-adherence activity on hydroxyapatite (HA) surfaces; and (ii) bactericidal activity on different Streptococcus mutans phenotypes (i.e. planktonic cells and cells from a disrupted biofilm). For this, HA discs treated with sphingolipids were incubated with S. mutans and the number of adherent cells was evaluated by both culture and confocal microscopy. Sphinganine strongly inhibited bacterial adherence by 1000-fold compared with an untreated surface. Phytosphingosine and sphingosine inhibited bacterial adherence by eight- and five-fold, respectively, compared with an untreated surface. On saliva-coated HA, sphinganine and PHS inhibited bacterial adherence by 10-fold. Bactericidal activity of sphingolipids was evaluated by culture. For biofilms, the strongest bactericidal activity was exhibited by sphingosine compared with PHS and sphinganine. At a concentration of 12.5 μg ml−1, PHS and sphingosine were profoundly effective against planktonic and disrupted biofilms; and sphinganine reduced the number of cells in planktonic form by 100-fold and those derived from a disrupted biofilm by 1000-fold. Atomic force microscopy studies suggested that mechanical stability does not appear to be a factor relevant for anti-fouling activity. The results suggest that sphingolipids may be used to control oral biofilms, especially those loaded with S. mutans.

  • 17.
    Cárdenas, Marité
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Schillén, Karin
    Alfredsson, Viveka
    Duan, Rui-DOng
    Nyberg, Lena
    Solubilization of sphingomyelin vesicles by addition of a bile salt2008Inngår i: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, ISSN 0009-3084, E-ISSN 1873-2941, Vol. 151, nr 1, s. 10-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The interactions of the bile salt sodium taurocholate (TC) in 50 mM Trizma–HCl buffer and 150 mM NaCl (pH 9) at 37 °C with membranes composed of sphingomyelin (SM) were studied by dynamic light scattering, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and turbidity measurements. Small unilamellar SM vesicles were prepared by extrusion. Below the CMC of TC, taurocholate addition leads to vesicle growth due to incorporation of the taurocholate molecules into the vesicle bilayer. At around half the CMC of the bile salt, the SM vesicles are transformed into SM/TC mixed worm-like micelles, which are visualized by cryo-TEM for the first time. Further increase in the taurocholate concentration leads to the rupture of these structures into small spherical micelles. Interestingly, large non-spherical micelles were also identified for pure taurocholate solutions. Similar threadlike structures have been reported earlier for the bile salt sodium taurodeoxycholate [Rich, A., Blow, D., 1958. Nature 182, 1777; Blow, D.M., Rich, A., 1960. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82, 3566–3571; Galantini, L., Giglio, E., La Mesa, C., Viorel-Pavel, N., Punzo, F., 2002. Langmuir 18, 2812] and for mixtures of taurocholate and phosphatidylcholate [Ulmius, J., Lindblom, G., Wennerström, H., Johansson, L.B.-Å., Fontel, K., Söderman, O., Ardvisson, G., 1982. Biochemistry 21, 1553; Hjelm, R.P., Thiyagarajan, P., Alkan-Onyuksel, H., 1992. J. Phys. Chem. 96, 8653] as determined by various scattering methods.

  • 18.
    Cárdenas, Marité
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Thomas, Robert
    Fragnetto, Giovanna
    Rennie, Adrian
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Human Saliva Forms a Complex Film Structure on Alumina Surfaces2007Inngår i: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 65-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Films formed from saliva on surfaces are important for maintenance of oral health and integrity by protection against chemical and/or biological agents. The aim of the present study was to investigate adsorbed amounts, thickness and the structure of films formed from human whole saliva on alumina surfaces by means of in situ ellipsometry, neutron reflectivity and atomic force microscopy. Alumina (Al2O3, synthetic sapphire) is a relevant and interesting substrate for saliva adsorption studies as it has an isoelectric point close to that of tooth enamel. The results showed that saliva adsorbs rapidly on alumina. The film could be modelled in two layers: an inner and dense thin region which forms a uniform layer, and an outer, more diffuse and thicker region that protrudes towards the bulk of the solution. The film morphology described a uniformly covering dense layer and a second outer layer containing polydisperse adsorbed macromolecules or aggregates.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 19.
    Cárdenas, Marité
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Valle-Delgado, Juan José
    Hamit, Jildiz
    Rutland, Mark
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Interactions of Hydroxyapatite Surfaces: Conditioning Films of Human Whole Saliva2008Inngår i: Langmuir, Vol. 24, nr 14, s. 7262-7268Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroxyapatite is a very interesting material given that it is the main component in tooth enamel and because of its uses in bone implant applications. Therefore, not only the characterization of its surface is of high relevance but also designing reliable methods to study the interfacial properties of films adsorbed onto it. In this paper we apply the colloidal probe atomic force microscopy method to investigate the surface properties of commercially available hydroxyapatite surfaces (both microscopic particles and macroscopic discs) in terms of interfacial and frictional forces. In this way, we find that hydroxyapatite surfaces at physiological relevant conditions are slightly negatively charged. The surfaces were then exposed to human whole saliva, and the surface properties were re-evaluated. A thick film was formed that was very resistant to mechanical stress. The frictional measurements demonstrated that the film was indeed highly lubricating, supporting the argument that this system may prove to be a relevant model for evaluating dental and implant systems.

  • 20. Dagys, Marius
    et al.
    Haberska, Karolina
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Kulys, Juozas
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Laccase-gold nanoparticle assisted bioelectrocatalytic reduction of oxygen2010Inngår i: Electrochemistry communications, ISSN 1388-2481, E-ISSN 1873-1902, Vol. 12, nr 7, s. 933-935Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It was found that homogeneous activity of Trametes hirsuta laccase is considerably diminished in the presence of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs). Heterogeneous electron transfer studies revealed that Au-NPs facilitate direct electron transfer (DET) between the T1 copper site of the laccase and the surface of Au-NP modified electrodes. DET was characterized by the standard heterogeneous ET constant of 0.5 +/- 0.6 s(-1) at Au-NPs with an average diameter of 50 nm. As a consequence of this a well pronounced DET based bioelectrocatalytic oxygen reduction with current densities of 5-30 mu A cm(-2) has been achieved at the laccase-Au-NP modified electrodes.

  • 21. Dagys, Marius
    et al.
    Lamberg, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Niaura, Gediminias
    Bachmatova, Irina
    Marcinkeviciene, Lucija
    Meskys, Rolandas
    Kulys, Juozas
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Comparison of bioelectrocatalysis at Trichaptum abietinum and Trametes hirsuta laccase modified electrodes2014Inngår i: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 130, s. 141-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bioelectrocatalytic reduction of oxygen to water at electrodes modified with gold nanoparticles and a new laccase from Trichaptum abietinum (TaLc) was studied. The bioelectrocatalytic current was found to be much higher at TaLc modified electrodes than at similarly prepared electrodes modified with a broadly used laccase from Trametes hirsuta (ThLc). To explain this difference the bioelectrocatalysis was described in terms of kinetic rate constants based on simultaneous cyclic voltammetry and quartz crystal microbalance measurements. From analysis of the rate constants both laccases appeared to possess similar rates (k(0)) of direct electron transfer. However, the enzyme turnover (k(cat)) was about three-fold higher for gold nanoparticle bound TaLc than for ThLc, calculated using surface concentration of enzyme established by QCM-D. Near reversible potential-induced reorientation of adsorbed proteins was observed by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 22. Dahlström, Mia
    et al.
    Jonsson, Per R
    Lausmaa, Jukka
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Sjögren, Martin
    Holmberg, Krister
    Mårtensson, Lena G E
    Elwing, Hans
    Impact of polymer surface affinity of novel antifouling agents2004Inngår i: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, ISSN 0006-3592, E-ISSN 1097-0290, Vol. 86, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23. Dahlström, Mia
    et al.
    Sjögren, Martin
    Jonsson, Per R.
    Göransson, Ulf
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Pinori, Emiliano
    Elwing, Hans
    Berglin, Mattias
    Affinity states of biocides determine bioavailability and release rates in marine paints2015Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 201-210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge for the next generation marine antifouling (AF) paints is to deliver minimum amounts of biocides to the environment. The candidate AF compound medetomidine is here shown to be released at very low concentrations, ie ng ml(-1) day(-1). Moreover, the release rate of medetomidine differs substantially depending on the formulation of the paint, while inhibition of barnacle settlement is independent of release to the ambient water, ie the paint with the lowest release rate was the most effective in impeding barnacle colonisation. This highlights the critical role of chemical interactions between biocide, paint carrier and the solid/aqueous interface for release rate and AF performance. The results are discussed in the light of differential affinity states of the biocide, predicting AF activity in terms of a high surface affinity and preserved bioavailability. This may offer a general framework for the design of low-release paint systems using biocides for protection against biofouling on marine surfaces.

  • 24.
    Delvar, Alice
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö högskola, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö högskola, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö högskola, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Interaction of polyelectrolytes with salivary pellicles on hydroxyapatite surfaces under erosive acidic conditions2015Inngår i: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 38, nr 7, s. 21610-21618Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The modification of acidic beverage formulations with food-approved, nonhazardous substances with antierosive properties has been identified as a key strategy for counteracting the prevalence of dental erosion, i.e., the acid-induced dissolution of hydroxyapatite (HA, the main mineral component of tooth surfaces). While many of such substances have been reported, very little is known on how they interact with teeth and inhibit their acid-induced dissolution. With the aim of filling this gap in knowledge, we have studied under acidic conditions the interaction between two polyelectrolytes of differing ionic character, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and chitosan, and saliva-coated hydroxyapatite, i.e., a model for the outer surface of teeth. These studies were performed by means of ellipsometry, quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, and atomic force microscopy. We also studied, by means of pH variations, how dissolution of saliva-coated HA is affected by including these polyelectrolytes in the erosive solutions. Our results confirm that salivary films protect HA from acid-induced dissolution, but only for a limited time. If the acid is modified with CMC, this polyelectrolyte incorporates into the salivary films prolonging in time their protective function. Eventually, the CMC-modified salivary films are removed from the HA surfaces. From this moment, HA is continuously coated with CMC, but this offers only a weak protection against erosion. When the acid is modified with the cationic chitosan, the polyelectrolyte adsorbs on top of the salivary films. Chitosan-modified salivary films are also eventually replaced by bare chitosan films. In this case both coatings offer a similar protection against HA dissolution, which is nevertheless notably higher than that offered by CMC.

  • 25.
    Fagerström, Anton
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Westbye, Peter
    Bergström, Karin
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Engblom, Johan
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Surfactant softening of plant leaf cuticle model wax: a Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) study2014Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 426, s. 22-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to quantify the softening effect that two surfactants (C10EO7 and C8G1.6) have on a plant leaf cuticle model wax. Effects on the thermotropic phase behavior and fluidity of the wax (C22H45OH/C32H66/H2O) were determined. The model wax is crystalline at ambient conditions, yet it is clearly softened by the surfactants. Both surfactants decreased the transition temperatures in the wax and the G″/G' ratio of the wax film increased in irreversible steps following surfactant exposure. C10EO7 has a stronger fluidizing effect than C8G1.6 due to stronger interaction with the hydrophobic waxes. Intracuticular waxes (IW) comprise both crystalline and amorphous domains and it has previously been proposed that the fluidizing effects of surfactants are due to interactions with the amorphous parts. New data suggests that this may be a simplification. Surfactants may also absorb in crevices between crystalline domains. This causes an irreversible effect and a softer cuticle wax.

  • 26.
    Falk, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Andoralov, Viktor
    Blum, Zoltan
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Suyatin, Dmitry
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Biofuel cell as a power source for electronic contact lenses2012Inngår i: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 38-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we present unequivocal exptl. proof that microscale cofactor- and membrane-less, direct electron transfer based enzymic fuel cells do produce significant amts. of elec. energy in human lachrymal liq. (tears). 100 μm diam. gold wires, covered with 17 nm gold nanoparticles, were used to fashion three-dimensional nanostructured microelectrodes, which were biomodified with Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase as anodic and cathodic bioelements, resp. The following characteristics of miniature glucose/oxygen biodevices operating in human tears were registered: 0.57 V open-circuit voltage, about 1 μW cm-2 max. power d. at a cell voltage of 0.5 V, and more than 20 h operational half-life. Theor. calcns. regarding the max. recoverable elec. energy can be extd. from the biofuel and the biooxidant, glucose and mol. oxygen, each readily available in human lachrymal liq., fully support our belief that biofuel cells can be used as elec. power sources for so called smart contact lenses.

  • 27.
    Falk, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Pankratov, Dmitry
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Miniature direct electron transfer based enzymatic fuel cell operating in human sweat and saliva2014Inngår i: Fuel Cells, ISSN 1615-6846, E-ISSN 1615-6854, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 1050-1056Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present data on operation of a miniature membrane-less, direct electron transfer based enzymatic fuel cell in human sweat and saliva. The enzymatic fuel cell was fabricated following our previous reports on miniature biofuel cells, utilizing gold nanoparticle modified gold microwires with immobilized cellobiose dehydrogenase and bilirubin oxidase. The following average characteristics of miniature glucose/oxygen biodevices operating in human sweat and saliva, respectively, were registered: 580 and 560 mV open-circuit voltage, 0.26 and 0.1 μW cm–2 power density at a cell voltage of 0.5 V, with up to ten times higher power output at 0.2 V. When saliva collected after meal ingestion was used, roughly a two-fold increase in power output was obtained, with a further two-fold increase by addition of 500 μM glucose. Likewise, the power generated in sweat at 0.5 V increased two-fold by addition of 500 μM glucose.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Falk, Yana Znamenskaya
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Engblom, Johan
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Pedersen, Jan Skov
    Department of Chemistry and Interdisciplinary Nanosciene Center (iNANO) , Aarhus University , 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Effects of Hydration on Structure and Phase Behavior of Pig Gastric Mucin Elucidated by SAXS2018Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 122, nr 30, s. 7539-7546Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to study hydration and temperature-induced changes of pig gastric mucin (PGM) within the entire concentration range. The scattering is interpreted as originating from PGM fiber-like structures that adopt rod-like bottle-brush conformation in dilute solutions. On the basis of the knowledge about molecular structure of mucins and SAXS data for dilute solutions, we propose a theoretical model for predicting mucin conformation in solution and calculate the corresponding scattering profile. This bottle-brush model comprises a protein backbone with carbohydrate side chains and corresponding structural parameters, such as grafting distance and lengths of the backbone and side chains. It describes the experimental PGM data from dilute solutions in the full q range very well. It furthermore suggests that the carbohydrate side chains are grafted with a regular separation of around 5 nm and a length of 14 nm. The cross-section size with a radius of about 1 nm is also in accordance with the size of the carbohydrate units. Structuring of PGM solutions at higher concentrations was investigated by analyzing semidilute and concentrated PGM samples. Starting at about 20 wt %, Bragg peaks become clearly visible indicating a more ordered mucin system. In very dehydrated and fully dry mucin samples these peaks are not present indicating lack of long-range order. The SAXS data show that the structural change occurring at about 80 wt % mucin and 25 degrees C corresponds to a glass transition in agreement with our previous calorimetric results. Temperature also has an effect on the phase behavior of mucin. At intermediate levels of hydration, a phase transition is observed at about 60-70 degrees C. The main Bragg peak appears to split in two, indicating formation of a different structure at elevated temperatures. These findings are used to improve the PGM water phase diagram.

  • 29.
    Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan F
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Boyd, Hannah
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Gutfreund, Philipp
    Institut Laue Langevin, 71 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble 38000, France.
    Welbourn, Rebecca J L
    ISIS Facility, STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX, United Kingdom.
    Robertsson, Carolina
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Wickström, Claes
    Malmö universitet, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Richardson, Robert M
    School of Physics, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, BS8 1TL Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Prescott, Stuart W
    School of Chemical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australi.
    Barker, Robert
    School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NH, United Kingdom.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    MUC5B mucin films under mechanical confinement: A combined neutron reflectometry and atomic force microscopy study.2022Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 614, s. 120-129, artikkel-id S0021-9797(22)00109-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    HYPOTHESIS: Among other functions, mucins hydrate and protect biological interfaces from mechanical challenges. Mucins also attract interest as biocompatible coatings with excellent lubrication performance. Therefore, it is of high interest to understand the structural response of mucin films to mechanical challenges. We hypothesized that this could be done with Neutron Reflectometry using a novel sample environment where mechanical confinement is achieved by inflating a membrane against the films.

    EXPERIMENTS: Oral MUC5B mucin films were investigated by Force Microscopy/Spectroscopy and Neutron Reflectometry both at solid-liquid interfaces and under mechanical confinement.

    FINDINGS: NR indicated that MUC5B films were almost completely compressed and dehydrated when confined at 1 bar. This was supported by Force Microscopy/Spectroscopy investigations. Force Spectroscopy also indicated that MUC5B films could withstand mechanical confinement by means of steric interactions for pressures lower than ∼ 0.5 bar i.e., mucins could protect interfaces from mechanical challenges of this magnitude while keeping them hydrated. To investigate mucin films under these pressures by means of the employed sample environment for NR, further technological developments are needed. The most critical would be identifying or developing more flexible membranes that would still meet certain requirements like chemical homogeneity and very low roughness.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Haberska, Karolina
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Svensson, Olof
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Activity of lactoperoxidase when adsorbed on protein layers2008Inngår i: Talanta: The International Journal of Pure and Applied Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0039-9140, E-ISSN 1873-3573, Vol. 76, nr 5, s. 1159-1164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lactoperoxidase (LPO) is an enzyme, which is used as an antimicrobial agent in a number of applications, e.g., food technology. In the majority of applications LPO is added to a homogeneous product phase or immobilised on product surface. In the latter case, however, the measurements of LPO activity are seldom reported. In this paper we have assessed LPO enzymatic activity on bare and protein modified gold surfaces by means of electrochemistry. It was found that LPO rapidly adsorbs to bare gold surfaces resulting in an amount of LPO adsorbed of 2.9 mg/m2. A lower amount of adsorbed LPO is obtained if the gold surface is exposed to bovine serum albumin, bovine or human mucin prior to LPO adsorption. The enzymatic activity of the adsorbed enzyme is in general preserved at the experimental conditions and varies only moderately when comparing bare gold and gold surface pretreated with the selected proteins. The measurement of LPO specific activity, however, indicate that it is about 1.5 times higher if LPO is adsorbed on gold surfaces containing a small amount of preadsorbed mucin in comparison to the LPO directly adsorbed on bare gold.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 31. Haberska, Karolina
    et al.
    Svensson, Olof
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Lactoperoxidase Activity at Gold Surfaces: Amperometric Response to Hydrogen Peroxide2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 32. Hahn Berg, Cecilia I
    et al.
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Intraoral Lubrication of PRP-1, Statherin and Mucin as Studied by AFM2004Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 65-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to elucidate the mechanisms behind salivary lubrication with special emphasis on the lubricity of three key components of the pellicle, viz human acidic proline-rich protein 1 (PRP-1), human statherin and bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM). The lubricating properties of the proteins have been assessed by means of colloidal probe atomic force microscopy, and are discussed in relation to their adsorption behaviour. To various extents, the proteins investigated all showed a lubricating effect when adsorbed to silica surfaces. For comparable concentrations, PRP-1 was found to have a more pronounced lubricating effect than BSM, which in turn showed a higher lubricity than statherin. The relative lubricity is in accordance with previously reported relative adsorbed amounts of the three proteins, within the investigated concentration interval. It is concluded that PRP-1 has the highest lubricating capacity as a pure fraction among the preparations investigated, and that the lubricating effect of PRP-1 as a pure fraction is notably large as compared to the lubricity of human whole saliva.

  • 33. Hamit-Eminovski, Jildiz
    et al.
    Eskilsson, Krister
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    An ellipsometry study on the effect of aluminium chloride and ferric chloride formulations on mucin layers adsorbed at hydrophobic surfaces2010Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 511-518Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ellipsometry was used to investigate the effect of polyaluminium chloride (PAC) formulations of different degrees of hydrolysation on an adsorbed mucin film. The results were compared to the effect of aluminium chloride (AlCl3) and ferric chloride. A compaction of the mucin film took place upon addition of the formulations and this occurred to different extents and at different concentrations for the different formulations. The compaction of PAC of a low degree of hydrolysis behaved similarly to AlCl3. PAC of a high degree of hydrolysis showed a greater compaction effect than the other aluminium formulations. The initial compaction concentration was found to be 0.001 mM which is less than previously found for aluminium–mucin complex formation in bulk. The reversibility of the compaction was also investigated. The compaction of the mucin film was found to be partly reversible for AlCl3 and PAC of low degree of hydrolysis. No reversibility was observed for the formulations of PAC of high hydrolysis grade or for ferric chloride. The results are consistent with previously observed effects of PAC of a low degree of hydrolysis on bacterial surfaces where a compaction of surface polymers was indicated by the reduced range of repulsive steric interactions.

  • 34. Hamit-Eminovski, Jildiz
    et al.
    Eskilsson, Krister
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Change in surface properties of Microthrix parvicella upon addition of polyaluminium chloride as characterized by atomic force microscopy2010Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 323-331Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The filamentous bacterium Microthrix parvicella causes severe separation and foaming problems at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). An effective control of the bacterium in activated sludge WWTPs can be accomplished by dosage with polyaluminium chloride (PAX-14). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether addition of PAX-14 affects surface properties such as the hydrophobicity of the bacterium and to study the exopolymers of M. parvicella that host surface-associated enzymes. To this end, force measurements by atomic force microscopy were carried out to measure the interactions between hydrophilic and hydrophobized tips and the bacterium surface. Addition of PAX-14 caused no changes in the hydrophobicity of the bacterium surface but the data indicate that it collapsed the polymeric layer likely due to electrostatic screening. It is concluded that the collapse of the polymeric layer may affect the transport of substrates (eg free fatty acids) to the bacterium and hence the competitiveness of M. parvicella compared to the other bacteria present in activated sludge.

  • 35. Joiner, Andrew
    et al.
    Muller, D
    Elofsson, U.M.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Ellipsometry analysis of the in vitro adsorption of tea polyphenols onto salivary pellicles2004Inngår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 112, nr 6, s. 510-515Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 36.
    Kocherbitov, V
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Söderman, Olle
    Physical Chemistry 1, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, P.O. Box 124, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Lysozyme-Water Interactions Studied by Sorption Calorimetry2004Inngår i: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 108, nr 49, s. 19036-19042Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydration of hen egg white lysozyme was studied by using the method of sorption calorimetry at 25, 40, and 50 °C. Desorption calorimetric measurements were performed at 25 and 40 °C. The activity of water and partial molar enthalpy of mixing of water were determined as functions of water content. Hydration of lysozyme occurs in four steps:  slow penetration of water into the protein−protein interface; gradual glass transition, which occurs in every protein molecule independently of other molecules; further water uptake with disaggregation of protein aggregates and formation of a monolayer of water; and accumulation of free water. The amount of bound water found in desorption experiments is 420 water molecules per lysozyme molecule. Two hysteresis loops were found in the sorption isotherm of lysozyme. The small loop is caused by the slow penetration of water molecules into the protein−protein interface at very low water contents, while the large loop is due to the slow kinetics of aggregation of protein molecules upon desorption. The phase diagram of the lysozyme−water system is presented. 

  • 37.
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Hydration of lysozyme: the protein-protein interface and the enthalpy-entropy compensation2010Inngår i: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 26, nr 6, s. 3918-3922Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Water sorption isotherms of proteins are usually interpreted with such models as BET or GAB that imply the formation of multilayers at solid-gas interface. However, this approach is not applicable to globular proteins such as humid lysozyme where a solid-gas interface does not exist. Another popular approach is the D’Arcy-Watt model, where besides the formation of multilayers the heterogeneity of energies of sorption sites of proteins is taken into account. Here we present sorption calorimetric data on the hydration of lysozyme that confirms the existence of the heterogeneity. The magnitude of the heterogeneity is, however, lower than one can expect on the basis of the existence of a solid-gas interface. Moreover, the calorimetric data show a strong enthalpy-entropy compensation that leads to almost constant effective free energy of hydration in the activity range normally used for fitting the data to sorption models. This allows the use of the Langmuir equation for the fitting of the initial part of the sorption isotherm of lysozyme. Assuming the formation of a monolayer of water at the protein-protein interface, one can estimate the size of the lysozyme molecules from the sorption isotherm. The result of this estimation is in good agreement with the structural data on lysozyme, which supports the presented approach.

  • 38.
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Hydration of Thermally Denatured Lysozyme Studied by Sorption Calorimetry and Differential Scanning Calorimetry2006Inngår i: J.Phys.Chem.B., Vol. 110, s. 10144-10150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied hydration (and dehydration) of thermally denatured hen egg lysozyme using sorption calorimetry. Two different procedures of thermal denaturation of lysozyme were used. In the first procedure the protein was denatured in an aqueous solution at 90 °C, in the other procedure a sample that contained 20% of water was denatured at 150 °C. The protein denatured at 90 °C showed very similar sorption behavior to that of the native protein. The lysozyme samples denatured at 150 °C were studied at several temperatures in the range of 25-60 °C. In the beginning of sorption, the sorption isotherms of native and denatured lysozyme are almost identical. At higher water contents, however, the denatured lysozyme can absorb a greater amount of water than the native protein due to the larger number of available sorption sites. Desorption experiments did not reveal a pronounced hysteresis in the sorption isotherm of denatured lysozyme (such hysteresis is typical for native lysozyme). Despite the unfolded structure, the denatured lysozyme binds less water than does the native lysozyme in the desorption experiments at water contents up to 34 wt %. Glass transitions in the denatured lysozyme were observed using both differential scanning calorimetry and sorption calorimetry. Partial molar enthalpy of mixing of water in the glassy state is strongly exothermic, which gives rise to a positive temperature dependence of the water activity. The changes of the free energy of the protein induced by the hydration stabilize the denatured form of lysozyme with respect to the native form.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 39.
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Ulvenlund, Stefan
    Briggner, Lars-Erik
    Kober, Maria
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Hydration of a natural polyelectrolyte xanthan gum: Comparison with non-ionic carbohydrates2010Inngår i: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 82, nr 2, s. 284-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In dilute solutions, polyelectrolytes exhibit more hydrophilic properties than non-charged polymers do. However, extension of this statement on almost dry systems is questionable. In this study we present sorption calorimetric data on hydration of a natural carbohydrate polyelectrolyte xanthan gum and make comparison with analogous data of three types of cellulose which is a non-charged carbohydrate polymer. An analysis of the sorption isotherm shows that at given relative humidities xanthan gum absorbs greater amount of water than non-charged cellulose does. Nonetheless, the enthalpies of hydration of xanthan gum and of all three considered types of cellulose at zero water content are equal to −18 kJ/mol. Thus, entropy of hydration plays an important role in water sorption behaviour of xanthan gum. The apparent absence of an ion effect on polymer–water interactions can be explained by solvation of ions by OH-groups of the dry xanthan gum. Ab initio calculations presented here show that solvation of an ionic group of xanthan gum by a carbohydrate hydroxyl is as strong as hydration of the same group by water. The exothermic heat effect of hydration arises from the loss of the mobility of water on the rigid glassy environment of the polymer. For the first time, the glass transition temperature of dry xanthan gum is reported to be 60 °C.

  • 40.
    Kocherbitov, Vitaly
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Ulvenlund, Stefan
    Kober, Maria
    Jarring, Kjell
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Hydration of microcrystalline cellulose and milled cellulose studied by sorption calorimetry.2008Inngår i: Phys. Chem. B., Vol. 112, nr 12, s. 3728-3734Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The hydration of two different polymorphs of microcrystalline cellulose (cellulose I and II), as well as the hydration of amorphous cellulose was studied using water sorption calorimetry, gravimetric water vapor sorption, nitrogen sorption, and X-ray powder diffraction. Amorphous cellulose was prepared by means of ball-milling of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). Whereas X-ray data showed the untreated MCC to consist of cellulose I, the amorphous cellulose was found to recrystallize into cellulose II after contact with water or water vapor at relative humidities (RHs) above 90%. Sorption isotherms show an increase of water sorption in the sequence cellulose I < cellulose II < amorphous cellulose. The enthalpy of water sorption becomes more exothermic in the same sequence. The specific area of cellulose is dramatically higher when calculated from the water adsorption than when calculated from nitrogen adsorption. A proposed mechanism of water sorption by MCC implies the adsorption of water molecules at solid-solid interfaces, i.e., between neighboring microfibrils, which explains the observed difference between water and nitrogen. The Brunauer-Emmett- Teller (BET) model is therefore not appropriate for the description of the hydration of cellulose. Rather, the Langmuir model represents a more accurate description of water sorption by MCC at low RH. At higher RH, the water adsorption competes with capillary condensation. The thickness of microfibrils, as calculated using the fitting of the sorption isotherm of MCC with the Langmuir equation, is about 4 nm. This value compares favorably with literature data.

  • 41. Krikstolaityte, Vida
    et al.
    Barrantes, Alejandro
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ramanavicius, Arunas
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Bioelectrocatalytic reduction of oxygen at gold nanoparticles modified with laccase2014Inngår i: Bioelectrochemistry, ISSN 1567-5394, E-ISSN 1878-562X, Vol. 95, s. 1-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To characterise bioelectrocatalytic oxygen reduction at gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified with Trametes hirsuta laccase (ThLc) combined electrochemical and quartz crystal microbalance measurements have been used. The electrodes with different degrees of AuNP-monolayer coverage, theta, have been studied. In every case of theta close to theoretically possible 44 ThLc molecules adsorbed at 22 nm diameter AuNP. The bioelectrocatalytic current was recalculated down to the current at a single AuNR Unexpectedly, the current at a single AuNP was higher when theta was higher. The maximum current reached at a single AuNP was 31.10(-18) A which corresponds to the enzyme turnover (k(cat)) 13 s(-1). This rate is lower than the homogeneous ThLc turnover (190 s(-1)) suggesting partial denaturation of ThLc upon adsorption or that some ThLc are not in DET contact with the electrode surface

  • 42.
    Krikstolaityte, Vida
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Ave, 639798 Singapore, Singapore; Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre (R3C), Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute (NEWRI), Nanyang Technological University, CleanTech One, 637141Singapore, Singapore.
    Hamit-Eminovski, Jildiz
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Abariute, Laura
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Division of Solid State Physics, NanoLund, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Niaura, Gediminas
    Department of Organic Chemistry, Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Sauletekio 3, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Meskys, Rolandas
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Institute of Biochemistry, Life Sciences Center, Vilnius University, Sauletekio 7, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Lisak, Grzegorz
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Ave, 639798 Singapore, Singapore; Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre (R3C), Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute (NEWRI), Nanyang Technological University, CleanTech One, 637141Singapore, Singapore.
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Impact of molecular linker size on physicochemical properties of assembled gold nanoparticle mono-/multi-layers and their applicability for functional binding of biomolecules2019Inngår i: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 543, s. 307-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work the impact of molecular inter-linker size on gold nanoparticle (AuNP) mono-/multilayer structural properties, density and homogeneity has been investigated. These characteristics are of great importance for functional binding of biomolecules. Positively charged high or low molecular weight inter-linkers, poly-L-lysine (PLL) or N-(6-mercapto)hexylpyridinium (MHP), were used to attach negatively charged AuNPs on a planar gold surface as well as to further interlink into a multilayer structure via layer-by-layer deposition. The inter-particle interaction within the assembled AuNP films was adjusted by the ionic strength in the AuNPs dispersions The AuNP layer density and structural/viscoelastic properties were evaluated by the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) technique. The validity of the commercial Voigt model, specifically developed for quantitative QCM-D data analysis of homogeneous viscoelastic films, was evaluated by a model independent analysis when comparing the assembled AuNP films with a homogeneous layer of a mucin from bovine submaxillary glands. Both AuNP mono- and multilayers, attached/interlinked via long flexible PLL molecules assembled to denser and more soft/viscous structures compared to those interlinked by short MHP compounds. Thus, PLL-interlinked AuNP mono-/multilayer structures were further investigated as a platform for laccase enzyme functional adsorption via qualitative assessment of bioelectrochemical characteristics of the enzyme. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 43.
    Krikstolaityte, Vida
    et al.
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Micro & Nanotechnol, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Heiskanen, Arto
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Micro & Nanotechnol, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.
    Canali, Chiara
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Micro & Nanotechnol, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Emneus, Jenny
    Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Micro & Nanotechnol, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark.
    Development of a plastic membrane containing micro-hole(s) for a potential bio-sensing application2017Inngår i: Procedia Technology, E-ISSN 2212-0173, Vol. 27, nr Special Issue Biosensors 2016, s. 252-253Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a poly (methyl methacrylate) membrane containing micro-holes (MHs) as a prototype of a simple sensing platform of a lab-on-a-chip device has been developed for a potential analysis of clinical fluidic samples. A four probe electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) setup, with two electrodes placed on each side of the membrane, was adopted for monitoring the MH impedance (Fig. 1a). The setup was used to investigate, if EIS is suitable to sense the trapping of an analyte inside the MHs. Latex micro-beads with a diameter of 10 mu m were used to test clogging of the MHs. Additionally, finite element model simulations were performed using Comsol Multiphysics software to theoretically evaluate the sensitivity field of the EIS measurement along the MHs. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 44.
    Lamberg, P.
    et al.
    Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, 14611 Rochester, NY, USA.
    Hamit-Eminovski, J.
    CMC Diabetes Formulation Development, Novo Nordisk, Novo Alle Bagsvaerd, 2880, Denmark.
    Toscano, M. D.
    Protein Engineering, Novozymes A/S, Bagsvaerd 2880, Denmark.
    Eicher-Lorka, O.
    Department of Organic Chemistry, Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Sauletekio av. 3, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Niaura, G.
    Department of Organic Chemistry, Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Sauletekio av. 3, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Electrical activity of cellobiose dehydrogenase adsorbed on thiols: Influence of charge and hydrophobicity2017Inngår i: Bioelectrochemistry, ISSN 1567-5394, E-ISSN 1878-562X, Vol. 115, s. 26-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The interface between protein and material surface is of great research interest in applications varying from implants, tissue engineering to bioelectronics. Maintaining functionality of bioelements depends greatly on the immobilization process. In the present study direct electron transfer of cellobiose dehydrogenase from Humicola insolens (HiCDH), adsorbed on four different self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed by 5-6 chain length carbon thiols varying in terminal group structure was investigated. By using a combination of quartz crystal micro balance with dissipation, ellipsometry and electrochemistry the formation and function of the HiCDH film was studied. It was found that the presence of charged pyridinium groups was needed to successfully establish direct electron contact between the enzyme and electrode. SAMs formed from hydrophilic charged thiols achieved nearly two times higher current densities compared to hydrophobic charged thiols. Additionally, the results also indicated proportionality between HiCDH catalytic constant and water content of the enzyme film. Enzyme films on charged pyridine thiols had smaller variations in water content and viscoelastic properties than films adsorbed on the more hydrophobic thiols. This work highlights several perspectives on the underlying factors affecting performance of immobilized HiCDH. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 45.
    Lamberg, Peter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shleev, Sergey
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ludwig, Roland
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Performance of enzymatic fuel cell in cell culture2014Inngår i: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 55, s. 168-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we present the very first study of an enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) in a cell culture. An EFC with Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) based bioanode and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase (Box) based biocathode was constructed at the bottom of a medusa cell culture plate. The constructed EFC had a power density of up to 25 mu W cm(-2) at 0.5 V potential in simple buffer solution and in cell culturing medium. L929 murine fibroblast cells were seeded on top of the EFC and possible effects of the EFC on the cells and vice versa were studied. It was shown that on average the power of the EFC drops by about 70% under a nearly confluent layer of cells. The EFC appeared to have a toxic effect on the L929 cell line. It was concluded that the bioanode, consisting of CDH, produced hydrogen peroxide at toxic concentrations. However, the toxic effect was circumvented by co-immobilizing catalase on the bioanode.

  • 46.
    Larpant, Nutcha
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Department of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, 10330, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Pham, Anh Duc
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Shafaat, Atefeh
    Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan F
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Sjöholm, Johan
    Pampett AB, Lund, 224 78, Sweden.
    Laiwattanapaisal, Wanida
    Department of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Patumwan, 10330, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Faridbod, Farnoush
    Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Ganjali, Mohammad Reza
    Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology & Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Ruzgas, Tautgirdas
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV). Malmö universitet, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Sensing by wireless reading Ag/AgCl redox conversion on RFID tag: universal, battery-less biosensor design2019Inngår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 12948Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Massive integration of biosensors into design of Internet-of-Things (IoT) is vital for progress of healthcare. However, the integration of biosensors is challenging due to limited availability of battery-less biosensor designs. In this work, a combination of nanomaterials for wireless sensing of biological redox reactions is described. The design exploits silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as part of the RFID tag antenna. We demonstrate that a redox enzyme, particularly, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), can convert AgNPs into AgCl in the presence of its substrate, hydrogen peroxide. This strongly changes the impedance of the tag. The presented example exploits gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-assisted electron transfer (ET) between AgNPs and HRP. We show that AuNP is a vital intermediate for establishing rapid ET between the enzyme and AgNPs. As an example, battery-less biosensor-RFID tag designs for H2O2 and glucose are demonstrated. Similar battery-less sensors can be constructed to sense redox reactions catalysed by other oxidoreductase enzymes, their combinations, bacteria or other biological and even non-biological catalysts. In this work, a fast and general route for converting a high number of redox reaction based sensors into battery-less sensor-RFID tags is described.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Lindh, Liselott
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Sequential adsorption of salivary proteins and saliva to solid surfaces2004Inngår i: Journal of Dental Research;83, 2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 48.
    Lindh, Liselott
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Glantz, Per-Olof
    Concentration dependence of adsorption from whole saliva at solid/liquid interfaces1998Inngår i: Journal of Dental Research, ISSN 0022-0345, E-ISSN 1544-0591, Vol. 77, nr Special issue B, s. 779-779Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Lindh, Liselott
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Isberg, Per-Erik
    Glantz, Per-Olof
    Concentration dependence of adsorption from human whole resting saliva at solid/liquid interfaces: An ellipsometric study1999Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 189-196Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rates and plateau values of adsorption at the solid/ liquid interface from human whole resting saliva from three male donors were studied in vitro. The influence of saliva concentration, the total protein content and the wettability of the exposed solids was investigated. Ellipsometry was used to study the rate and plateau values of the adsorption process in situ. The solid surfaces used were hydrophilic, negatively charged, silica and hydrophobic methylated silica. Salivary films were formed by adsorption from solutions of 0.05%, 0.10%, 0.20%, 0.50%, 1.0% and 2.0% (v/v) saliva in phosphate buffered saline. The results revealed that adsorption onto both types of surfaces was a rapid and, as expected, a concentration dependent process. The adsorbed amounts were in the range of monomolecular layers and were found to be larger onto the hydrophobic than the hydrophilic surfaces (p≤0.0062). A strong concentration dependence was denoted in all cases (p< 0.0001). Inter-individual differences were found not to be significant (0.0636 ≤ p≤ 0.8508) at any of the saliva concentrations. However, an interaction was shown (p < 0.0001) between the protein concentrations and the donors, indicating qualitative differences in protein content and surface activity.

  • 50.
    Lindh, Liselott
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Odontologiska fakulteten (OD).
    Aroonsang, Watcharapong
    Sotres, Javier
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för biomedicinsk vetenskap (BMV).
    Salivary pellicles2014Inngår i: Saliva: secretion and Functions / [ed] AJM Ligtenberg, ECI Veerman, S. Karger, 2014, s. 30-39Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The salivary pellicle is a thin acellular organic film that forms on any type of surface upon exposure to saliva. The role of the pellicle is manifold, and it plays an important role in the maintenance of oral health. Its functions include not only substratum protection and lubrication, but also remineralization and hydration. It also functions as a diffusion barrier and possesses buffering ability. Not only the function, but also the formation, composition and stability of the pellicle are known to be highly influenced by the physicochemical properties of both substrata and ambient media. In this chapter, we discuss these aspects of salivary pellicles, an area where research has boomed in the past years partly because of the application of experimental techniques often reserved for more traditional surface science studies.

123 1 - 50 of 108
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