Malmö University Publications
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  • 1.
    Gielow, Sascha
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Criminological explanatory approach for the attitude towards more control by the state in form of police checks: A Secondary Analysis of the Study of internal security in Germany 20202023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With regard to studies on the acceptance of the police, in which neighbourhoodfactors as well as attitude and trust in the police were examined, it is above all factors such asneighbourhood cohesion, disadvantage and trust in the effectiveness of the police presenceand the preference for security that exert an influence.Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate to what extent people's own attitudestowards safety and the environment in which they live influence their Police ProfilingAttitude.Methods: The data was cross-sectional analysis of internal security in Germany 2020, inwhich 1402 people took part. An ordinal regression analysis was performed in the attitudetowards police profiling associated with neighbourhood (condition, cohesion, trust), SecurityFreedom Spectrum (SFS) and sociodemographic factors were included.Results: 46% of those surveyed stated that safety was more important to them than freedom.The results of the regression analysis revealed a negative association between age andattitudes towards police profiling, suggesting that older people are more in favor of morepolice presence. In addition, differences were observed by educational level and Germanregion, with lower educational levels and West Germans tending to have more positiveattitudes towards police profiling. Trust in the neighbourhood and the importance of safetyover freedom also showed a significant association with attitudes towards police profiling.

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  • 2.
    Gielow, Sascha
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Criminological explanatory approaches for attitudes to sexuality and violence among adolescents and young adults: A Secondary Analysis of the “SchutzNorm Study” in Germany from 20212022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Federal Centre for Health Education, over 50 % of all adolescents and young adults in Germany have experienced non-physical sexualized violence. Although it has been studied, reasons for committing sexual violence are not so obvious and variables such as socioeconomic status have been found not to be valid predictors of this kind of deviant behaviour. Studies show that girls are mainly victimized by men and men are equally victimized by both genders. Furthermore, a cognizance is that nowadays adolescents get their information on how to behave in sexual acts from the internet. Women are mainly using advice pages and consulting offers whereas men in comparison are using internet pages like Wikipedia or watching porn. The aim of the current study is to find some criminological explanatory approaches to attitudes to sexuality and violence among adolescents and young adults. The main findings are that a person who is inclined to violence in general and lives in an environment where sexual violence often occurs is more likely to have the attitude that violence as a component of sexual acts is not considered a boundary violation.  Likewise, the likelihood increases to see violence as part of sexual acts not as a violation of boundaries if the attitude is in favor of consuming pornographic material in groups.

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