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  • 1.
    Carlsson, Alexandra Dimitrijevic
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Linkoping Univ, Ctr Oral Rehabil Linkoping, Linkoping, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Biomed & Clin Sci, Linkoping, Sweden.;Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci, Malmo, Sweden..
    Wahlund, Kerstin
    Kalmar Cty Hosp, Dept Stomatognath Physiol, Kalmar, Sweden..
    Kindgren, Erik
    Vasterv Hosp, Dept Pediat, Vastervik, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Div Pediat, Linkoping, Sweden.;Skaraborg Hosp, Dept Pediat, Skovde, Sweden..
    Skogh, Thomas
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Div Neuro & Inflammat Sci, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Johansson, Carin Starkhammar
    Linkoping Univ, Ctr Oral Rehabil Linkoping, Linkoping, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Biomed & Clin Sci, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci, Malmo, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Specialized Pain Rehabil, Lund, Sweden.;Malmo Univ, Orofacial Pain Unit, Malmo, Sweden..
    Orofacial pain in juvenile idiopathic arthritis is associated with stress as well as psychosocial and functional limitations2019In: Pediatric Rheumatology, E-ISSN 1546-0096, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate relations between psychosocial factors, signs and symptoms of orofacial pain and jaw dysfunction in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods Forty-five patients with JIA (median age 12 years) and 16 healthy matched controls (median age 13 years) were examined according to the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD). The subjects answered the DC/TMD questionnaires regarding psychosocial factors (pain intensity, pain-related disability, depression, stress, catastrophizing, pain locations and jaw function). Results JIA patients with orofacial pain had higher degree of stress, depression, catastrophizing and jaw dysfunction compared to subjects without. In turn, these factors were associated with orofacial pain intensity. Also, patients with orofacial pain had higher systemic inflammatory activity. Conclusions Orofacial pain in patients with JIA is associated with stress, psychological distress, jaw dysfunction and loss of daily living activities. Pain intensity seems to be the major pain aspect related to these factors. In addition, systemic inflammatory activity appears to be an important factor contributing to orofacial pain in JIA.

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  • 2.
    Dimitrijevic Carlsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Centre for Oral Rehabilitation, Linköping, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wahlund, Kerstin
    Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Kindgren, Erik
    Department of Pediatrics, Västervik Hospital, Västervik, Sweden; Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Frodlund, Martina
    Rheumatology/Division of Inflammation and Infection, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD). Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neurosciences; Skåne University Hospital, Specialized Pain Rehabilitation, Lund, Sweden.
    Increase in stress contributes to impaired jaw function in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a two-year prospective study2024In: Pediatric Rheumatology, E-ISSN 1546-0096, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundStress in patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) has been found to be associated with orofacial pain, psychological distress, jaw dysfunction and loss of daily activities in a cross-sectional study. The aim of this study was to investigate the relations between stress and change of stress over time versus changes in orofacial pain, psychosocial factors and jaw function over a two-year period in patients with JIA.MethodsThis is a two-year prospective follow-up study involving 40 JIA patients. At baseline (2015) the median age was 12 years and at two-year follow up (2018) 14 years. The JIA patients were examined clinically and with questionnaires at baseline and follow-up with the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) and completed the same set of DC/TMD questionnaires regarding orofacial pain symptoms and psychosocial factors.ResultsChange in stress was associated with change in catastrophizing, psychological distress as well as limitation in general function and jaw function.ConclusionsThis study emphasizes the importance of maintaining a low stress level in patients with JIA since an increase in stress level over a two-year period seems to impair jaw function as well as psychological distress and catastrophizing.

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