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  • 1.
    Aaji, Emil
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Social Integration of Syrian Refugees in the Swedish Society, a Plausible Reality or a Far-fetched Dream?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research was conducted to study the social integration of Syrian refugees in Sweden and their feeling of inclusion in the Swedish society, or exclusion from it. The research also targeted illuminating and analyzing potential reasons for the social exclusion of some Syrian refugees according to first-hand experiences, perspectives, and opinions collected by semi-structured interviews with 10 informants who left Syria due to civil war and sought asylum in Sweden. This paper serves as a platform on which voices and views of Syrian refugees were echoed, and conclusions on their settlement and inclusion in their new country were based on their own feelings, struggles, and matters of their social lives. To achieve that, social, cultural, and human aspects were prioritized over mainstream economic and legal aspects as all informants were documented and integrated into the Swedish labor market or education system. 

    Nonetheless, the study results have shown a worrying lack of social inclusion that Syrian refugees have experienced so far in their new country, reducing them into underprivileged, ethnic social circles where they had limited access to social networks from different backgrounds, resources, and opportunity. The nature of the Swedish society, as well as the negative image of Syrian refugees, Ethnic-segregated residencies, cultural incompatibility, and racism, were found to be the main reasons behind this phenomenon 

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  • 2.
    Aalbers, Sander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Back to the Roots: Re-Connecting Humanity and the Natural World by Merging Interactive Technology and Plants2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project explores combining interactive technology and the natural world, through a more-than-human design approach. This project aims to step away from an industry-driven design by valuing plants as equal in the design process. Throughout this report, an overview of the relevant theory and examples are elaborated on. This overview has informed the project in two ways. It formed the foundation of a concept aiming to improve the user’s interconnectedness with nature and it formed the foundation of an evaluation tool developed for aiding designers in design for plants by addressing three design fields: Design for Care, Design for Cohabitation, and Design for Noticing. The concept and the evaluation tool have been developed in parallel and informed each other throughout the project. The final concept contributes to the discussion about addressing more-than-human actors in design. In this case by addressing plant blindness. The evaluation tool contributes to more-than-human design as a tool to evaluate ideas and projects. This project included an extensive analysis of a design collection, workshops regarding the materiality of living plants and assessment of the evaluation tool, an interdisciplinary design approach, and a prototyping phase during which assumptions regarding the concept were tested.

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  • 3.
    Abuin, Sergio J.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    'This Game Changed my Life': Online Stories of ‘Emersion’ about Playing Video Games during Difficult Times in Life2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the video game medium in depth, to relate it to the stories foundon Internet communities about users’ gameplay experiences during burdensome moments inlife. To achieve that, the phenomena is explored through the lenses of Uses & Gratificationstheory by means of a netnography on the ‘/Persona 5’ official subReddit; interpreting, codingand analyzing all narratives that fit the criteria with the help of a proposed ‘USE’ system. Themodel is in charge of classifying the information into explicit displays of ‘Dissatisfaction’,‘Motivation’, ‘Immersion’ and ‘Emersion’. The resulting codification enabled the creation ofeight different types of reports among a sample of one-hundred threads, all in correlation withthe varied aspects of the game that act as categories. The data derived from the conclusions ofthis study shows that players are not motivated to use the video game for any other purposesthan mere entertainment. Yet, the immersive potential of the virtual world addressed theirdissatisfactions and made them emerge back to reality with, mostly, not-sought gratifications. Still, not all players were able to control their video game uses to regulate their emotions,further implying the importance to continue researching cases of media immersion toestablish guidelines of ethical design and appropriate production and consumption practices. 

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  • 4.
    Adamsen, Emely
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    OnlyFans and the Realization of Women’s Freedom2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women’s social and economic freedom is violated on both in the private and public life, and this needs to be resolved in order to achieve a society which realizes human dignity. This thesis aims to position the sex work on OnlyFans within the realization of women’s social and economic freedom. Using argumentation analysis through the theoretical frameworks of liberal feminism and radical feminism, this thesis investigate whether the sex work on OnlyFans is compatible with the social and economic freedom of women. The analysis was further divided into the factors of safety, economy, and agency. Based on both academic studies with interviewed sex worker as well as statistic sources on the question, this thesis engages with the question of online sex work with the added elements of the gig-economy and celebrity-influence to fully grasp the scope of the issue and its consequences for women. The findings show that both liberal feminism and radical feminism recognize that OnlyFans have major safety deficiencies which poses a threat on women’s social freedom. Furthermore liberal feminism recognize that the possibilities of economic gain for sex worker women exist, but radical feminism finds that these possibilities are slim and require skills in marketing and technology, and lastly the findings showed that in line with liberal feminism, the free will of sex workers is to be fully realized and respected, but at the same time radical feminism shows that there are elements of coercion and financial pressure present when agreeing to provide certain sexual content and services which does not comply with the realization of women social and economic freedom. 

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  • 5.
    Addo, Giuseppina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Encoding object-oriented democracy in Swedish museums: implementing method of the thing in exhibition-making2023In: Museum Management and Curatorship, ISSN 0964-7775, E-ISSN 1872-9185, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 76-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As museums face conflicting demands on maintaining and caringfor their collections, opening for visitor engagement, and beingmore inclusive in their practice, new approaches are needed tomuseum work. This article introduces a democratic and inclusiveapproach focusing on the relational properties of the artefact–the Method of the Thing (Tigenes Metode). We use interviewswith different museum professionals in Sweden. The methodallows knowledge to emerge from the convergence of differentactors within and outside the museum who negotiate theirexpertise, (professional) roles and technical infrastructure of themuseum by foregrounding the object rather than the curators’story. We use the encoding/decoding model to discuss thestrengths and weaknesses of the method where centring theobject allows for a process of democratisation and polyvocality totake shape, thus allowing divergent narratives to emerge.

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  • 6.
    Adilnor, Sana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Arkivexempel: K-Pop Design: Visual Aesthetics In Korean Popular Culture (designprojekt) och Interaktiv förpackningsdesign: Grafisk formgivning av K-pop album och dess inflytande på konsumentbeteende (kandidatuppsats): Komplett arkivexempel för Kandidatuppsats (15hp) och Designdokumentation (15hp)2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of Hallyu, or the global export of Korean culture also commonly known as ‘The Korean Wave’, South Korea has become a big trendsetter in recent years: whether it be within fashion and K-Beauty skincare or Korean movies and drama series, to Korean popular music, also known under the umbrella term K-pop. What these categories have in common are their strong ties to visual aesthetics and K-pop is known for its very colourful and maximalist design, which is also a key characteristic to why K-pop as a phenomenon has been particularly attractive and has managed to captivate fans all over the world. In the marvelling K-pop universe, the goal is to engage all the senses for a complete and interactive sensory experience, making the visual just as important as the auditory, and this can also be applied to the physical album design. Physical K-pop albums sell better than ever despite the digital streaming services dominating our digital age. A visual analysis was conducted on selected contemporary K-pop albums together with a survey on Swedish K-pop fans, in order to discuss how packaging design of K-pop albums can influence consumer behavior. The study showed that interactive packaging design and extra album inclusions like photocards, photo books, postcards etc. makes the fans more likely to want to collect albums and merchandise, which on its own can be viewed as a collectible item. The packaging design both facilitates and encourages fans to interact with the design not only visually, but also in a tactile way, by engaging in participatory behavior such as filming unboxing videos and posting them on social media, and it can also be associated with identity making, i.e. how they identify themselves as fans in relation to their favorite artists or towards other fans. Lastly, it is interesting to discuss how K-pop design can be heavily influenced by American and Western concepts despite being marketed as a Korean phenomena and innovation; from the visual analysis it could also be concluded that contemporary design trends draw inspiration from Western concepts such as the y2k millennium bug, retro and technology. 

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  • 7.
    Adilnor, Sana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Interaktiv förpackningsdesign: Grafisk formgivning av K-pop album och dess inflytande på konsumentbeteende: Hur kan formgivningen av K-pop album och relaterad merch påverka konsumentbeteende?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of Hallyu, or the global export of Korean culture also commonly known as ‘The Korean Wave’, South Korea has become a big trendsetter in recent years: whether it be within fashion and K-Beauty skincare or Korean movies and drama series, to Korean popular music, also known under the umbrella term K-pop. What these categories have in common are their strong ties to visual aesthetics and K-pop is known for its very colourful and maximalist design, which is also a key characteristic to why K-pop as a phenomenon has been particularly attractive and has managed to captivate fans all over the world. In the marvelling K-pop universe, the goal is to engage all the senses for a complete and interactive sensory experience, making the visual just as important as the auditory, and this can also be applied to the physical album design. Physical K-pop albums sell better than ever despite the digital streaming services dominating our digital age. A visual analysis was conducted on selected contemporary K-pop albums together with a survey on Swedish K-pop fans, in order to discuss how packaging design of K-pop albums can influence consumer behavior. The study showed that interactive packaging design and extra album inclusions like photocards, photo books, postcards etc. makes the fans more likely to want to collect albums and merchandise, which on its own can be viewed as a collectible item. The packaging design both facilitates and encourages fans to interact with the design not only visually, but also in a tactile way, by engaging in participatory behavior such as filming unboxing videos and posting them on social media, and it can also be associated with identity making, i.e. how they identify themselves as fans in relation to their favorite artists or towards other fans. Lastly, it is interesting to discuss how K-pop design can be heavily influenced by American and Western concepts despite being marketed as a Korean phenomena and innovation; from the visual analysis it could also be concluded that contemporary design trends draw inspiration from Western concepts such as the y2k millennium bug, retro and technology.

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  • 8.
    Ahlberg, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Beyond the music: Exploring the Dynamics of National and European Identity in the Eurovision Song Contest2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how member nations manage their national identities within the supranational context of the Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) and the significance of the ESC in creating a shared European identity. Patterns of identification and attitudes relating to culture, ethnicity/nationality, religion/faith, and gender/sex are discovered by studying the winning submissions from 1998 to 2022 through content analysis and discourse analysis. The ESC acts as a soft power instrument by encouraging member nations' sense of solidarity and cultivating respect for and understanding of other cultures. It serves as a platform for cross- cultural dialogue, self-promotion, and nation branding, fostering diplomatic connections and providing opportunities for commercial and cultural exchanges. 

    The ESC emphasizes the dichotomy between national and European identity, but it also demonstrates how these identities intersect and support one another. It advances the formation of a European identity while giving states a forum to showcase their national and cultural identities. The ESC influences notions of European identity and defines what it means to be European. 

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  • 9.
    Ahlström, Siri
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Thrasher Magazine: Hegemonisk maskulinitet och genusrepresentation inom skejtkultur2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker genusrepresentation inom skejtkulturen, genom att i en fallstudie analysera omslag, bildspråk, språkbruk av Thrasher Magazine. Magasinet är en månatlig utgåva som startades år 1981 i San Francisco och har sedan dess varit mycket prestigefyllt och tongivande inom skejtkulturen. Analysen tar avstamp i socialfeminism där genusfrågor och hegemonisk maskulinitet står centralt, liksom teorier om representation och normkritisk design. Inom ramverket av dessa teorier används metoderna semiotisk analys och diskursanalys för att dissekera och studera materialet och föra angränsande resonemang om hur grafisk design kan utmana och bryta normer. Resultat visar att Thrasher Magazine förkroppsligar en hegemonisk maskulinitet och sociala och subkulturella dimensioner av manlig makt som präglar skejtkulturen. Diskussioner om representation förs och kopplingar till skejtkulturen som helhet dras, vilket i förlängningen kan ge användbara insikter om andra subkulturer och samhället i stort. Till sist diskuteras det hur en i sitt yrke som grafisk designer kan påverka genusrepresentation.

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    Thrasher Magazine
  • 10.
    Aledo, Maylis
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    "Life is better when you girlboss together": Building a Safe Space Within the Digital Sphere, a Case Study2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is located in feminist studies through the lens of cultural theory, more specifically in the area of "Girlhood studies", developed in the 1990s. The development of the field correlates with the rise of cultural goods targeted at girls: movies, music, and magazines as well as the development of teenagehood as an identity of its own right. "Girl studies" or "Girlhood studies" focuses then on the relationship between "girls" as a social group to modernity. Pioneer authors such as Catherine Driscoll explore the idea of a "girl culture" and retrace the history of girlhood in an attempt to create a "genealogy of girls". Angela McRobbie, coined "Bedroom culture", which designates the way girls and women have been historically confined to their homes and bedrooms and how they developed their own ways of participating in cultural activities from within the house. Girlhood has been historically associated with modernity. Thus, Catherine Driscoll, states that "feminine adolescence is necessarily shaped by and a component of capitalism as the dominant political organization of late modernity (Driscoll, 2002). Therefore, the existence of girlhood and "girl culture" seem to be biased and somewhat inauthentic. In this way, girls are often dismissed as cultural agents of their own. 

    In the frame of girlhood studies, I intend to deepen our common understanding of how girls and young women make use of digital platforms today. In this case, I'll be focusing on the Discord server created earlier this year the GirlBlogSphere by Zoe London, or 'pauvreoison' on Instagram. Through the study, I wish to put girls and young women's online productions to the forefront and to get an overview of the way they create communities, share, produce culture, and craft their identities. The GirlBlogSphere is a perfect case of community and participatory-based initiative that showcases major and interesting aspects of girl culture. I conducted email interviews to accommodate each of the participant's schedules and time zones. Conversations and pictures shared in the server were also used to illustrate theories, hypotheses, and data extracted from the interviews. 

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  • 11.
    Al-Juburri, Sara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Down but Not Quite Out: Poverty and Inequality in Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America Through Orwell’s Down and Out in Paris and London2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay "Down but Not Quite Out: Portrayal of Poverty and Inequality in Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America Through Orwell’s Down and Out in Paris and London " analyzes the portrayal of poverty and inequality in Barbara Ehrenreich’s book Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America and a George Orwell classic Down and Out in Paris and London. By studying and analyzing Ehrenreich’s text in the scope of Orwell this study will be able to look at what poverty tropes are different, similar, or looked through in a different perspective. While both Ehrenreich and Orwell face the theme of poverty and inequality their experiences differ yet possess noticeable similarities. Orwell familiarizes the reader with the heaviness of being down and out through his personal experience whilst Ehrenreich pushes through and navigates the precarious edges of poverty, barely getting by. This research seeks what tropes of “down and out” are similar or different to the tropes of “getting by". This will be done through close reading of different passages of the books. The analysis shows the different depictions of poverty in Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America and Down and Out in Paris and London might depend strictly on the term “precariousness”. Living an insecure life not knowing when you might be down and out. 

  • 12.
    Almahfali, Mohammed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Hewidy, Nesma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    von der Hulst, Merle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Capitalizing on Freedom of Expression for Creativity: A Case Study of Dawit Isaak Library, Malmö, Sweden2024In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1891-8131, E-ISSN 1891-814XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies, cultural organizations function based on principles of freedom of expression. In non-democratic countries, promoting this fundamental value can be more challenging for such organizations and their actors. This paper explores potential interactions between structure and agency that can leverage freedom of expression, creating an environment conducive to development and creativity. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with human rights experts and employees of Dawit Isaak Library in Malmo, Sweden. The paper finds that capitalizing on freedom of expression is interdependent with other resources, and that financial autonomy is an essential aspect. This can be achieved through various means, including strategic partnerships, careful sponsorships, collaborations with like-minded cultural entities, and the establishment of independent financial foundations through endowment funds and crowdfunding initiatives. We argue that it is crucial to strengthen the efforts of institutions active in this domain while supporting individuals' and groups' agency to create change in non-democratic societies. The paper also emphasizes the role of cultural and symbolic capital, highlighting the significance of exercising caution and striking a balance between freedom of expression and other human rights principles to prevent conflicts and safeguard vulnerable groups' rights.

  • 13.
    Almstrand, Jacob
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Kriskommunikation och Åsiktspolarisering: En studie kring SAS kriskommunikation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I februari 2020 utmanade SAS den nationalistiska uppfattningen om vad som verkligen var skandinaviskt genom en reklamfilm. Den här filmen möttes av kritik där flera av kritikerna kritiserade utifrån ett nationalistiskt perspektiv. Detta ledde till att SAS påbörjade en kriskommunikationsprocess där man från deras kommunikation kan utläsa främst tre strategier från Benoits Image repair theory. SAS nekade till anklagelserna, de försökte att sänka trovärdigheten hos kritikerna och de ändrade om sin kampanj. Likt tidigare forskning är slutsatsen i den här studien att SAS agerat otydligt i sin kommunikation vilket grundar sig i att de använt sig av för olika strategier som säger emot varandra. Denna situation kan liknas vid en dialog mellan SAS och respondenter. Vad den här dialogen slutar i är två sidor som vill förmedla en bild om vad som är skandinaviskt, en diskussion som delat många i Skandinavien. 

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  • 14. Alotaibi, Nujud
    Urban sprawl, Exploring the impact of urban form “sprawl” on travel behavior and travel distance in Riyadh. Specifically, Al-Narjis and Al-Malaz.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore how the urban form specifically sprawl affects travel behavior and travel distance in Riyadh. Since the city is expanding and the travel time gets longer, the first mode option is the car. The research question that reframes this thesis is, how does the urban form 'sprawl' affect travel behavior and distance in Riyadh specifically 'Al-Narjis and Al-Malaz' based on their density and land use. In order to respond to the thesis question, a qualitative research design including mixed qualitative methods has been used. This study conducted a web survey for Riyadh citizens, this survey got 6312 respondents. In addition, this study conducted in-depth online interviews including travel itinerary diaries with six participants, three from each of the two neighborhoods in the study area. The interviews' outputs were visualized through QGIS by producing six maps. The results indicate that travel behavior and travel distance in Riyadh are affected negatively by sprawl. This effect could be seen in the high dependency on automobiles that resulted from land use and city planning, longer trips due to disconnected streets, and poor service accessibility. As well as less usage of other transportation such as walking and cycling due to the lack of pedestrian infrastructure. 

  • 15.
    Alsaghir, Rana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Challenges Encountered by Immigrant Dentists while Integrating into the Swedish Labour Market2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish workforce has a shortage of practitioner dentists in 18 regions which is expected to last until 2035 (Hall Hoppe, 2022). At the same time, immigrant dentists face many challenges that delay or prevent their integration into the Swedish labour market. This paper investigates the process of immigrant dentists’ integration into the Swedish labour market, what obstacles they encounter, and in their perception, what are the requirements to facilitate their integration into the Swedish labour market. This research paper followed a qualitative method to achieve its aims. In order to obtain the necessary data to conduct the research, in-depth interviews were performed with immigrant dentists who received their education in countries outside the EU/EEA and Switzerland. The main empirical findings reveal the need to transform immigrant dentists' human capital. In light of this, immigrant dentists need to choose one of two routes to be eligible to apply for the Swedish dental license, due to the devaluation of their education. Besides the need to master the Swedish language. There is a lack of support provided for the two routes for acquiring the Swedish dental license. The participants clarify that they need more support in both routes. The Knowledge Exams route lacks guidance, materials, and financial support. while the complementary courses route is limited to three cities which makes it challenging forimmigrant dentists to join if they live in a city that does not offer these courses. It also showed the importance of social connections in the licensing process, while it was not essential in the process of obtaining a job. This study informs policymakers and concerned stakeholders about the barriers and challenges immigrant dentists encounter when integrating into the Swedish labour market. Which contributes to making decisions that will help to facilitate immigrantdentists’ integration into the Swedish labour marke.

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  • 16.
    Aluuan, Yasmin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    En studie om integration i förskolan och inkludering av barn med svenska som andraspråk2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract:

    Denna studie har som syfte att undersöka hur förskollärare förhåller sig och arbetar med inkludering av barn med svenska som andraspråk och om det går att förbättra deras inkluderande arbetssätt.Undersökningen använder en kvalitativ forskningsmetod där individuella intervjuer analyseras med etablerade teorier i språkinlärning och inkludering av flerspråkiga barn som inte pratar svenska. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna som intervjuas i inkluderingsämnet påstår att det ingår i förskolans uppdrag att jobba inkluderande och deras förhållningssätt är i linje med styrdokumentet Lpfö (2018). Barn oavsett etniskt ursprung, kultur, språknivå, behov till stöd, olikheter, får ett bra bemötande av pedagogerna och på så sätt känner sig barnen trygga i detta nya sociala sammanhang. I sitt arbetssätt för inkludering använder förskollärare leksaker, sånger, sagor samt digitala redskap som polyglott eller TAKK kommunikationssätt.Pedagogernas uppfattning om inkludering av barn med svenska som andraspråk reflekterar begreppets (inkludering) målsättning. Studiens pedagoger anger att det nås ett bra resultat, grundat på sina egna observationer, om barns delaktighet i verksamhet. Studiens resultat visar tydligt att styrdokumentet är regel i inkluderingsprocessen av barn med svenska som andraspråk men vissa förbättringar skulle kunna öka kvaliteten ytterligare. Att kunna jobba med mindre barngrupp för att nå barnen på individnivå, att ha mer tid med barnen i förhållande till de administrativa uppdragen, att det finns flerspråkiga pedagoger är några förslag som de intervjuade förskollärarna påpekar som fördel till inkluderingsprocessen.Slutsats av denna studie är att barn med svenska som andraspråk får den språkundervisningen som behövs i de intervjuade pedagogernas förskolor, något som stödjer barnen i de första stegen mot det svenska samhället.

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    Y.Aluuan
  • 17.
    Andersson, Julia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    “Jag pallar inte kriga hela tiden. Vem fan är det som krigar för mig när det händer mig någonting?”: En kvalitativ studie om vardagsrasismens uttryck och påverkan på fem kvinnor.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and explain how five women with a non-European background find the expression of everyday racism in today’s Swedish society, how everyday racism can affect their mental health and how they experience that the Swedish majority population handle and respond to everyday racism. The study is qualitative and was made with semi-structured interviews. The theories used are the theory of everyday racism, "we" and "the Others" and Goffman’s stigma. The results indicate that everyday racism is manifested through the population's ignorance and silence, comments, prejudices and stereotypes and is mainly expressed in arenas where there are many people at the same time. According to the women, the school and the labor market are the two most common arenas for the expression of everyday racism. They witness that the Swedish majority population rarely deal with the occurrence of everyday racism. Their mental health is negatively affected by everyday racism and can lower the individual's self-esteem. The study’s three theories that include everyday racism, “we” and “the Others” and stigma can be applied to the women's stories about their experiences and feelings about everyday racism in the Swedish society.

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    Julia Andersson - Kandidatuppsats 2021, IMER
  • 18.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Anti-corruption and opposition in Russia: Digital media and rhetorical strategies of Navalny2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What were the main goals in Navalny’s political agenda and how did this influence his rhetorical approach? This paper explores how Navalny and his aspirants were disqualified as political candidates in Russian elections, and how this affected his approach to being focused on contentious politics as it became the only viable means to push for political change in the country. Two of his most viral videos are analysed to investigate the rhetorical strategies he used to set frames on the political elite, and the main answers revolved around corruption, theft, and the self-image of Medvedev and Putin. Although there were clear similarities between the two videos, the most recent “Palace for Putin” displayed new and more moral, judgmental and offensive methods than the previous “He is not Dimon to you”. Furthermore, this paper investigates the large-scale protests of 2021 and how public opinion about Navalny has developed in Russia. The expectation was that public opinion would be more favourable in recent times than it has been in the past, largely due to the massive protests which he managed to spark. However, the answer was surprisingly the opposite, as statistics tilted slightly against him rather than the other way around. Part of the explanation to this was that the highest number of people who disapproved of Navalny used state television as their main source of information, as opposed to the majority of the younger population who frequently used the internet, and thereby had a more positive view of him. When examining the protest trajectories, it was possible to find elements of Navalny’s political message amongst the people in terms of keywords and phrases that they chanted, evidence of his success above the fact of the protests themselves. The final aim was to review how the authoritarian regime responded to Navalny’s contentious politics, and in this regard, it was concluded that both domestic and international pressure moved the regime to increasingly repressive measures against Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation and further deteriorated the relationship between the EU and Russia. 

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  • 19.
    Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Cedergren, Hanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Flerspråkighetens betydelse i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt och metoder i arbetet med flerspråkighet2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka svårigheterna i pedagogers arbete med flerspråkighet, i förhållande till målet i förskolans läroplan. Målet i Läroplan för förskolan: Lpfö 18, (Skolverket 2018) betonar att “Barn med annat modersmål än svenska ska ges möjlighet att utveckla både det svenska språket och sitt modersmål” (Lpfö 18 s. 8). Fokuset har även varit att tydliggöra hur pedagoger arbetar med flerspråkiga barn och hur barnen får de rätta förutsättningarna för att utveckla både sitt modersmål och det svenska språket. För att kunna få svar på syftet och frågeställningarna har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ studie, där vi har genomfört fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med personer som är verksamma i förskolan. 

    För att analysera vår insamlade empiri har vi använt oss av läroplansteorin med koppling till formulerings, - transformerings, - och realiseringsarenan för att kunna se hur pedagogernas arbete i förskolan främjar utveckling och lärande för flerspråkiga barn som inte har svenska som modersmål. Resultatet av studien visar att pedagogerna ser flerspråkighet som en tillgång i förskolans verksamhet men det framkommer även att det kan finnas svårigheter i arbetet med flerspråkighet. I pedagogernas arbete använder de sig av verksamma metoder för att flerspråkiga barn ska få de bästa förutsättningarna för att utveckla båda sina språk.  

    Vår slutsats är att inte se flerspråkighet som ett hinder utan som en tillgång som öppnar upp dörrarna till nya möjligheter och till en gemenskap. En annan slutsats är att pedagogerna behöver vara flexibla i sitt arbete och uppmärksamma för ta tillvara på de olika språk som barnet besitter.

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    H. Cedergren & P. Andersson
  • 20.
    Angenius, Hanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Karaktärsdesign: En innehållsanalys av Folkhälsomyndighetens karaktärsdesign2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I wanted to investigate how Folkhälsomyndigheten´s different character styles in three different films relate to realism and reduction and what effect it can have. I also wanted to investigate the phenomenon of Corporate Art Style to see if it was present in Folkhälsomyndigheten´s characters. I concluded that the degree of realism and reduction of a character affects the identification of the recipient, but that there are also other factors that affect identification, for example emotional expression. Realism and reduction also proved to have consequences for the representation and reading of a character. Features of Corporate Art Style were varied between the character styles in the films. Film 1 contained several of the criteria for Corporate Art Style but lacked important criteria to be classified as Corporate Art Style. The survey indicates that specific character design increases the level of representation and identification. 

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  • 21.
    Arhall, Ebba
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Get Smoooth: En semiotisk visuell analys av Klarnas Get Smoooth kampanj i relation till klasstillhörighet, smak och färgen rosa2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar en blick på hur smak och klass speglas i vår samtida medievärld som präglas av populärkulturella referenser. Genom en kvalitativ semiotisk analys har Klarnas reklamfilm Get Smoooth (2019) analyserats utifrån Roland Barthes semiotiska teorier om hur mening tillskrivs genom visuella koder, i samband med Pierre Bourdieus teorier om hur klass och smak reflekteras genom visuella medel. Här riktar även undersökningen fokus på hur färgen rosa kan besitta delade meningar, beroende på frågor kring genus och sexualitet. Klarnas reklamfilm använder den amerikanska rapartisten Snoop Dogg som frontfigur i en fiktiv, luxuös rosaklädd värld som ska representera deras ekonomiska kredittjänster. Med hjälp av den utvalda teorin och relaterad forskning så studeras det valda materialet för att belysa en större förståelse för hur smak och klasstillhörighet blir representerat genom media och dess effekter. Undersökningen visar på flera semiotiska tecken för två klasstillhörigheter: låg och högklass. Här var Bourdieus teorier ett stöd i avkodningen av dessa tecken och hur kampanjen kan kopplas till ett kulturellt kapital och uttrycka av smak som kopplas till det två olika klasstillhörigheterna. Resultatet av undersökningen är att Klarnas reklamfilm kan ses som ett som ett bevis på det Baumann menar med att våra preferenser om smak inom samhällets fält är i konstant förändring. Slutligen förs det en diskussion om hur rosa har central påverkan i hur smak uttrycken kopplas till det populärkulturella samhället vilket kopplas till senare kritik till Bourdieu. 

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  • 22.
    Aspelin, Felicia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bjälkengren, Ellinor
    En djupdykning i kulturvärde: En fallstudie av Nyhamnen i Malmö rörande kulturmiljöanalyser i vår tids moderna arv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural environment assessments are used as tools for valuing cultural heritage environments. There are no specific guidelines in Sweden today for how cultural heritage assessments are to be performed. Cultural heritage as a concept can be difficult to interpret, it is however important for the identity and attractiveness of future cities. This research is interested in methods used for cultural environment assessments. How the structure of cultural environment assessments can affect results in city planning and what role the planner behind plays is examined, to understand why it can be important for the redevelopment of port- and industrial areas. Two cultural environment assessments are performed within the study, the DIVE analysis and Swecos cityscape and cultural environment analysis, through a case study in the area of Hullkajen and Hamnparken in Malmö. The area is part of our modern heritage, which today is facing transformation. Critics have argued that planners are expected to adapt the role as an objective expert, even though previous research highlights the subjectivity planners hold. This research is interested in the subjective role of planners in performing cultural environment assessments. Autoethnography is used to examine our role, as planners, in performing cultural environment assessments. The results presented differences, mainly linked to the process within the methods rather than the results of the methods. A subjective influence was also shown within the processes and sheds light on the relationship between the planner and the method. Differences and similarities indicate that transparency and broaden participation in the process of valuating the cultural environment is needed, in order to strengthen the legitimacy of planning processes.

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  • 23.
    Astar, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Thomas Cromwell’s Lesson in Patriotism: Hilary Mantel’s Bring Up the Bodies as Literature for Upbringing Russian Minds2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper analyses Hilary Mantel’s novel Bring Up the Bodies in terms of how it might correlate with the notion of Russian patriotism. The origin for the research lies in the official list of literature recommended for patriotic education in Russia that was compiled in late 2015 and is thus immediately connected with the surge of state-driven patriotism in the country following the 2014 annexation of Crimea. Bring Up the Bodies is among very few contemporary historical novels by non-Russian authors included in the list. The conducted analysis reveals certain features in the novel’s protagonist and his behaviour that might correspond with the understanding of patriotism and citizenship in Russians. Moreover, the paper argues that legal pragmatism practiced by the protagonist, as well as the very style of historical representation in the novel, that re-evaluates the historical figure of Cromwell and undermines subjectivity of the historical past, may be seen as legitimising contemporary politics in Russia by way of establishing a “tradition.”

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  • 24.
    Av Ekenstam, Sandra
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Childhood, Education and Society (BUS).
    Den trygga anknytningen i förskolan: en studie kring förskollärares erfarenhet och kunskap om anknytningens betydelse för barnet2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT 

    Detta examensarbete behandlar sex förskollärares syn och erfarenheter kring anknytning i förskolan. Det lyfts möjligheter samt begränsningar för förskollärare men även hur anknytning och anknytningsteorerier lyfts i verksamheten. Intervjuerna utfördes på deras arbetsplatser, för att få fram förskollärarnas tankar och erfarenheter. Empirin analyserades utifrån anknytningsteorier och de teoretiska begreppen. Utifrån studien har man kunnat se att samtliga förskollärare som intervjuades arbetar för att verksamheten ska fokusera på barnet och barnets behov av trygghet. Men studien visar även på att det finns begränsningar i verksamheten för förskollärare att uppnå anknytningen. Begränsningarna handlar delvis om förskollärarnas utbildning i relation till anknytning, men även hur verksamheten ser ut och är utformad. Detta har då gjort att förskollärarna har olika strategier för att skapa en trygg miljö för barnen i verksamheten. Vilket studien visar på att förskollärarna gör på olika sätt utifrån deras egna tankar och erfarenheter. 

    Studiens metod är kvalitativa intervjuer med sex förskollärare. Iintervjuerna och i analysen framkommer samstämmig syn hos förskollärarna gällande trygg anknytning och dess betydelse i verksamheten. Den trygga anknytningen beskrivs som grunden för både utveckling och lärande men även för barnens välmående, betydelsen av anknytning till pedagogerna är en samstämmig syn dock är det två av förskollärarna som anser att det kopplas till hemmet och barnets vårdnadshavare. Förskollärarna beskriver hur de arbetar med att tillgodose barnets behov av trygghet och relationer. De använder liknande strategier och beskriver att de alltid sätter barnets behov i centrum. I strategier tar de upp begrepp som lyhördhet, närhet, tillgodose, empati och öppenhet. Dock beskriver de att de möter svårigheter i verksamheten kring kunskaper hos kollegerna. Att det saknas kunskap och de saknar stöttning samt utbildning inom området. 

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  • 25.
    Avice, Laurine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Moving Cities of the Future: The Power of Anticipation Fiction Over Our Modern Social Imaginaries2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The future is constantly growing as a more and more significant matter of interest, both in the academic fields and in everyday conversations. This thesis focuses on a specific perspective of the future: what if cities were no longer static by nature, but cruising across the world? By analysing three works of literary fiction, the aim is to illustrate how fiction, and more specifically ‘anticipation fiction’, can participate in shaping our social imaginaries, the understanding we have of the world, both when it comes to our present and our future. If the influence of future fiction has been shown before, this thesis will focus on the specific imaginary of moving cities in the future, to highlight how those authors imagine the future, covering the historical and geographical contexts of those futures, the urban logic of those moving cities, the social implications that follow, and finally the value given to humanity in those ‘realities’. Because of the fundamentally indeterminate nature of the future, future studies such as this one do not aim for a fixed answer, but rather for a deeper understanding of the relation of influence between present and future, of how the future shapes us just as we shape it. 

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  • 26.
    Baer-Bader, Juulia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    An integral view on leadership and organizational transformation in public sector organization2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade the extent and the complexity of socio-economic challenges the modernsocieties are facing has grown dramatically. Balancing often on the brink of crisis, these globalchallenges force organizations to overthink their approaches and look for new ways to respond toexternal changes. Thus, research on organizational transformation needs to focus on models thatprovide a big-picture lens, offering holistic and integral solutions to modern challenges. AnIntegral theory makes an important contribution to the research of organizational transformationby suggesting a metatheoretical AQAL model (all-quadrants, all levels) that integrates four-dimensional perspective of objective, interobjective, subjective and intersubjective reality in itsanalysis. The AQAL model is a comprehensive view to the reality, accommodating multipletheoretical perspectives and methodological pluralism. Against this backdrop this master thesisaims to explore an Integral Approach, focusing on leadership and organizational transformationin one public sector organization addressing individual or microlevel perspectives. The keyquestions, which are driving this research are: how do values and worldviews impactorganizational transformation in public sector environment? How can organizational capacity todevelop an agile response to external changes be improved in public sector organizations? Whatrole leadership plays in the process of public sector transformation? The main findings of thiswork suggest that organizational capacity to successfully overcome changes is paired with themind-set of its employees and in particularly leadership. Structural changes introduced due toteleworking and digitalization impact organizations on a deeper level, bringing shifts towardsnew culture of work, re-definition of processes and strategies, resulting in global shifts in thewhole organization. These new practices and emerging new organizational cultures require alsonew models of leadership and new skill-set for leaders, who will need to meet the task of“walking” the organizations through modern challenges.

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  • 27.
    Bahaviddinova, Aziza
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Opportunities of an Abusive Game Probe2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How might we encourage playful yet provocative attitudes to explore unfamiliar methods? This thesis investigates how interaction designers can use unusual and thought-provoking methods in their design process. It focuses on understanding the challenges, limitations and opportunities of these types of approaches.

    The thesis explores the use of an abusive game probe as a way to spark conversations between participants and designers. The abusive game probe has the potential to generate meaningful and insightful outcomes. The proposed abusive game probe provided difficulties, being a unique and untested method. The topic of abuse presents challenges such as ethical consideration, which still requires further research. While determining its effectiveness can be complex, the main purpose is to encourage designers to embrace unexpected and unknown elements.

    This thesis provides guidance for future designers to incorporate these methods into their research, continue on this project or venture out and create new and alternate methods as contributions to the field of interaction design.

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  • 28.
    Bakher, Rozarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    #CancelCulture: A critical discourse analysis of cancel culture and its effect on representation and voice.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cancel culture has been described by some as a form of online activism. It has also been argued as activism with both negative and positive effects. For the positive side, cancel culture has worked to emphasize the representation and voice of women during the #MeToo movement against sexual harassment at workplaces. On the other hand, cancel culture has a reputation for being "activism-for-bad" when it silences the voice of people that may contribute to the area of communication for development and social change. For example, it is said to have stifled academic freedom and restricted open debates in cultural institutions. The aim of this thesis is to examine how cancel culture determines whose representation and voice is heard, and has it evolved from being a tool of activism to one that is said to threaten democratic participation?

    The thesis analyses six online articles that appears as the top results on Google Search during a specific timeline between the period of 2015 - 2021. These timelines were determined from Google Trends® by looking at when the term 'cancel culture' were trending highest on the internet. Applying methodological framework based on the theories of Critical Discourse Analysis, this thesis sets out to analyse words and terms used in these online articles that contributed to the discourse on cancel culture and analyses its relations to representation and voice. 

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  • 29.
    Bankash, Raghdah
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Designing Behavioral Nudges for Increased Participation in Recycling as a Social Movement2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project is exploring and investigates the applications of different methods of reward and nudging strategies and their potential effect on motivating and directing people’s behavior to be more engaged in recycling as a social movement within the society of Saudi Arabia. By creating sustainable behaviors, we contribute to the solutions and help minimize the potential damage of plastic pollution. The designs created throughout this thesis as prototypes of different concepts test the effectiveness of the different strategies on the behaviors of the population in Saudi Arabia. The main findings demonstrated that for people to steer their behavior toward recycling, they need to be financially rewarded. Testing other nudging strategies showed that these strategies might not be as powerful as the traditional system of reward and punishment. Therefore, this project needs to be further investigated and iterated in cooperation with other stakeholders and designers from different fields.

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  • 30.
    Barrett Denonain, Michel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Sustaining Movement2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the possibilities which can emerge from a potential relationship between dance and sustainability. The purpose of this research has been to investigate what discussions around the subject of sustainability are already happening within theoretical circles, dance institutions and what practical avenues are being explored for furthering efforts toward sustainability in the latter. To give practical context to this, the Malmö-based contemporary dance company of Skånes Dansteater is explored as a case study; with reference to the company’s operations and performative works, as well as a significant exploration, in the specific context of cultural sustainability, of the archival project Bevara Rörelse, created and developed by resident archivist Celine Orman. 

    The results reveal that there is indeed a fluid and vibrant discourse around the subject of sustainability occurring, to varying degrees, within dance institutions, throughout the industry. Furthermore, the case study of Skånes Dansteater reveals how sustainability does not originate solely from institutionalised policy-making. Instead, the results found that sustainability manifests itself in multiple ways and that cultural practitioners – be they artists, archivists, dancers and so on – can respond to issues of sustainability via their respective practices. These practices can be seen as methods of engaging with sustainability; even without definitive intention on the part of the practitioner. 

    It is hoped that this research will offer some insight(s) into what this could mean for future dance practice, with the instrumental power it possesses, in communicating sustainability and for other means of creative practice – engaging with dance or otherwise – that engage with cultural sustainability. The hope is that such engagements can be valued, with their respective contributions, on the same scale as that of social and natural scientific engagements. 

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  • 31.
    Barve, Madelina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Careless Peacebuilding: A Poststructural Policy Analysis of the Afghanistan Study Group Final Report: A Pathway for Peace in Afghanistan (2021)2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a poststructural policy analysis, following the ‘What’s the Problem Represented to be’ (WPR) approach developed by Carol Bacchi (2016), of the Afghanistan Study Group final report: A Pathway for Peace in Afghanistan. Following the theoretical basis proposed by this method, the report is examined for discourses and power relations that construct the problem representation. The discourses identified of liberalism and ‘just war’ theory are shown to saturate the Afghanistan Study Group’s (ASG) report and can be traced through time, displayed by a genealogy of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (SCFR) hearings that took place between September, 11th, 2001 up until the ASG report was commissioned in 2019. It is argued that the peace recommendations and the analysis they are based upon are produced by the politicians and experts under a Western lens that perpetuates an Orientalist problem representation. The proposed lens, inspired by postcolonial theory, is argued to not only permeate the ASG report but also the mainstream peacebuilding discourse, among other fields which pertain to, and ultimately get in the way of, finding a pathway to peace.

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  • 32.
    Barve, Madelina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Unsettling Norms: Negotiating Dominant Culture in 'The Addams Family'2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 28 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the three most popular and acclaimed live-action versions of The AddamsFamily, those being the 1964-1966 sitcom The Addams Family, the 1993 film Addams FamilyValues, and Netflix’s 2022 series Wednesday, to understand how these popular culture textsnegotiate dominant norms and culture in American society. These iterations cover sixty years of cultural negotiation on non-conformity and each attend to a specific politics of conformity in their time. Drawing from Stuart Hall and Raymond Williams, Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, and Dick Hebdige among others understandings of culture, power, hegemony, and resistance, I form a theoretical basis through which the techniques these iterations use to negotiate aspects of the dominant culture can be analyzed. For each production, paratextual evidence is located to identify the specific negotiatory aims. The different genres, aesthetics, and references made to contemporary political discourses, are then explored and dismantled to ascertain how this negotiation occurs and what the implications are. This thesis concludes with a discussion comparing the iterations and exploring the role that experience of marginalization potentially played in how the creators chose to create negotiatory texts. This thesis ultimately finds that specific genres and techniques of negotiation, particularly satire and camp, facilitate the capacity for popular culture material to critique, transform and unsettle dominant norms. 

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  • 33.
    Benavides Cabra, Julian Yovanny
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Artistic Research: A Potential Research Strategy for Cultural Studies2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I venture into an interdisciplinary realm where Artistic Research (AR) and Cultural Studies (CS) not only coexist but actively inform and transform each other. The focus lies in examining the expansive capabilities of AR to contribute to broader domains of knowledge production, particularly within the dynamic and diverse field of Cultural Studies. Central to this inquiry is an experimental podcast that embodies the synthesis of artistic creativity with academic exploration. This project's narrative unfolds through the interlacing of various themes and methodologies drawn from AR and CS, demonstrating their potential to enrich and redefine each other. 

    Artistic Research, traditionally seen as a field concerned with the artistic process and outcomes, is re-envisioned here as an epistemic force capable of contributing profoundly to our understanding of culture, society, and the methodologies we employ to study them. The thesis argues for a broader acceptance and integration of artistic methods and insights into Cultural Studies research. It highlights how the fluidity, adaptability, and creative open-endedness inherent in artistic practices can lead to a richer, more nuanced understanding of cultural phenomena. 

    This study also critically reflects on the process and outcomes of creating the experimental podcast, an artistic endeavor deeply rooted in the principles and practice of AR, yet speaking directly to the concerns and methodologies of Cultural Studies. Through this practical exploration, we see firsthand how art can act as a form of inquiry, a method of understanding, and a way of knowing that extends beyond traditional academic boundaries. 

    In sum, this thesis is an invitation to rethink and reimagine the possibilities that emerge when we allow the worlds of Artistic Research and Cultural Studies to intertwine and inform one another. It is an exploration of how these intersections not only enrich the respective disciplines but also contribute to a deeper, more contextual understanding of our world. 

  • 34.
    Bergman, Julia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Beowulf Mining vs CSR: To What Extent Does Beowulf Mining Fulfill the Requirements for Corporate Social Responsibility in the Construction of the New Mine in Kallak?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There have been numerous studies on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and on the rights of indigenous people. However, not so many studies have been done where the work of CSR by a company has been applied to one special case. This case study investigates the CSR approach within Beowulf mining in their project in Kallak. The aim of the case study is to investigate if and how Beowulf Mining takes a broader responsibility than making a profit. The material used is both primary and secondary sources that have been analyzed. The CSR pyramid by Carroll is used as the theoretical framework with a focus on economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities. Stakeholders are separately analyzed with a main focus on the Sami people. The results showed that the company fulfilled the requirements for CSR.

  • 35.
    Berisha, Bleona
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Syriska och Ukrainska Flyktingar i Svensk Nyhetsmedia: En Kritisk Diskursanalys av Aftonbladet och Dagens Nyheter Porträttering av Flyktingar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to investigate how different refugee groups are portrayed in the Swedish news media. The study uses critical discourse analysis as a methodological and theoretical framework to analyze Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter's representation of Syrian and Ukrainian refugees in their editorials. Using Fairclough's three-dimensional model as a tool, the study has analyzed the language used in the articles through text, discourse, and socio-cultural practice. The focus of the study lies in analyzing the texts, but it also brings discussions about how the first dimension (text) affects the second (discursive practice) and third (sociocultural practice). The study's results suggest that there is a difference in how Syrian and Ukrainian refugees are portrayed in Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. The results show that Syrian refugees are portrayed as a burden to a greater extent than Ukrainian refugees. Furthermore, the analysis of discursive practice indicates that the representation of both refugee groups is consistent with the refugee policy discourse of the respective period. Finally, socio-cultural practice shows that differences in language and categorization regarding refugee groups can contribute to the creation of "we" and "them" even between refugee groups. 

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  • 36.
    Berisha, Bljerinda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Malmström, Marika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Tydliga ramar, varma kramar: en studie kring pedagogers kunskaper om anknytning i den fria leken2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     I vår studie har vi haft som syfte att undersöka hur pedagogernas kunskaper om anknytning påverkar deras närvaro och förhållningssätt i den fria leken. Tidigare forskning har visat att pedagogernas närvaro i den fria leken påverkar barnets anknytning till sekundära omsorgspersoner, som till exempel i förskolan. Det har framkommit från studier att den kunskap som erbjuds pedagogerna används i bemötandet av barnen i den fria leken. Vår studie utgick från en kvalitativ metod där vi intervjuade tre förskollärare och en barnskötare. Den insamlade empirin har synliggjort pedagogernas tankar kring närvaro med syfte att fungera stöttande och utforskande inom vissa ramar. Resultatet av vår studie har visat att goda kunskaper om anknytning är en förutsättning för att skapa trygga relationer till barnen i den fria leken. I läroplan för förskolan (2018) står det beskrivet hur förskolan ska präglas av omsorg om barnets välbefinnande och trygghet. Det står vidare hur förskolan ska stimulera barnens samspel och ta hänsyn till barnens behov, erfarenheter och det de visar intresse för. Pedagogernas förhållningssätt ska präglas av ett synsätt som uppmuntrar till lek och ge barnen tid, rum och ro att leka de lekar som de själva tar initiativ till (Lpfö, 2018). Lpfö (2018) skriver vidare hur alla barn ska ges möjlighet att delta i gemensamma lekar utifrån sina förutsättningar och att när pedagogerna deltar i leken på ett lämpligt sätt kan det uppmärksamma faktorer som begränsar eller främjar lekens utveckling. För att undersöka hur dessa faktorer påverkar pedagogernas förhållningssätt i den fria leken utefter deras kunskaper om anknytning har vi valt att centrera vår studie inom detta spänningsfält.                                 

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  • 37. Bernal Rojas, Lorena Paola
    Dissecting Tobacco Regulation in Colombia: An Analysis of Communication, Marketing, and Public Health Strategies2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research provides an in-depth analysis of the interplay between communication, marketing, and public health in the context of tobacco control in Colombia. It critically examines the evolution of tobacco control legislation in Colombia, focusing on key legal milestones and their implications for communication and marketing strategies. The study explores the role of international frameworks, especially the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), in shaping these strategies.

    To achieve a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter, this study adopts a multidimensional theoretical framework that incorporates several key concepts. Firstly, it integrates the Health Belief Model to delve into the individual health beliefs and perceptions that underpin public attitudes and behaviours regarding tobacco use. Secondly, it takes into account social marketing ethics, emphasising the importance of ethical considerations in the development and execution of marketing strategies aimed at tobacco control. Lastly, the study incorporates principles of Communication for Development to highlight the critical role of community engagement in shaping and implementing effective communication strategies.

  • 38.
    Bihar, Franka
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Imagining a Creative Capital: A Qualitative Study of the Contemporary Club Scene in Zagreb2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of ‘brain drain’ over the last decade is evident in the alarming number of emigrants that Croatia sees on a yearly basis. Simultaneously, the local club scene in Zagreb is stagnant instead of thriving. The substantial number of people gathering around electronic music spaces indicates a potentially promising area of venture. In search of the role of electronic music spaces in Zagreb’s contemporary youth culture, this paper examines the possible opportunities for the development of club culture (Thornton, 1995) and the potential value that it might have for locals. The research relies on interviews and autoethnography, as it aims to provide a vivid image of the nightlife in Zagreb, from a grounded, immersed perspective. The applied Uses and gratification theory (Blumler & Katz, 1974) helped identified pleasure, socialisation, and relaxation as the most sought-after aspects of electronic music spaces. Therefore, these spaces provide a platform where young people can achieve emotional, social, and tension-free fulfilment. The potential contribution of the electronic music scene could be revealed if it focused not only on economic, but social and cultural capital as well. This could be done through the development of inclusive cultural, educational, and artistic initiatives (by local enthusiasts and the government alike). Perhaps electronic music spaces could then help young people achieve other kinds of fulfilment, in the form of education and self-esteem. 

  • 39.
    Björklund, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    The Relationship Between Language and Cultural Identity in a Post-colonial Context: A Single Case Study of the Sami Language2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Sami population in Sweden have a long history of colonial oppression from the Swedish state. This has contributed to the decreasing usage of the Sami indigenous language. But since the 1990s the Sami have strengthened their position and studies have shown that many Sami people now wish to learn the indigenous language. This has led to the hypothesis that Sami people try to reclaim their language in line with a post-colonial and language loyalty theory. The method to research this problem was to conduct semi-structured interviews with Sami people with an additional secondary data analysis as contributing material. The thesis did prove that Sami people do consider their language as an important feature of their culture. The thesis was not able to conclude that the reclaiming of the indigenous language was done in a post-colonial spirit. However, the analysis indicates that the Sami people are still suffering from colonial oppression. 

  • 40. Björkman, Lovisa
    et al.
    Myhrman, Elin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Röster från tre generationer: En kvalitativ studie kring generationer på arbetsplatsen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to research Generation X (1964 – 1979), Y (1980 – 1995) and Z´s (1996 – 2012) needs and wishes for the workplace, what they have for positive and negative attitudes towards motivation, relations and work environment. The study was conducted by conducting qualitative research, doing a content analysis, and using previous research of generations. The qualitative research was carried out by doing interviews with 12 persons, out of which four were from each generation. Models such as Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the Two-factor theory and Reinforcement theory has been used in the study.

    The study has found that having knowledge of the complexity of generational differences can be a deciding factor if an organisation is successful or not. In many ways there is a consensus between the generations, but there are also differences. Regarding the participants needs and attitudes it was identified that participants from Generation Z are very driven by inner motivation and working towards a purpose. They are driven to create change in society through their work. Important needs are familiar relationships and constructive feedback. Participants from Generation Y was also driven by a purpose but was also motivated by outer motivations such as a salary that can reinforce their hard work. Participants from Generation X were the most driven by outer motivations. In conclusion, the study recommends organisations to invest resources in the complexity of generational knowledge in the workplace to understand to understand the employees needs in the workplace. If an understanding is managed is it possible to make use of the employees’ competence better and create successful teams, as well to prepare the workplace for the future multigenerational workplace.

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  • 41.
    BLOMBERG, SUCCESS
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    An analysis of the impact of Poland’s stance in the implementation of Gender Policies and integration of the EU2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper critically examines the influence of Poland's stance on gender policies and its integration into the European Union (EU). With Poland's EU membership, questions arise about the compatibility of its domestic policies, particularly concerning gender equality, with the supranational framework. Through a comprehensive analysis of policy documents, legal frameworks, and socio-political shifts, this study investigates the extent to which Poland's stance on gender issues affects the incorporation and execution of EU gender policies.

     

    This study examines how Poland's political dynamics and ideological leanings interact with EU gender equality rules using a mixed-methods methodology that incorporates qualitative content analysis and comparative case studies. The study reveals the intricacies of policy adoption, adaption, or resistance within Poland's national setting by looking at certain policy topics such as workplace equality, and representation.

     

    The results highlight the complex interactions between national sovereignty and EU membership, particularly in the area of gender issues. The study clarifies how these elements affect Poland's compliance with EU criteria and the efficacy of policy execution, even if Poland's internal political environment and cultural considerations greatly define its approach to gender equality. As a result, this research helps to elucidate the potential and difficulties Poland encounters as it navigates the integration of gender policies into the larger EU framework. The insights gained from this analysis are pertinent not only for Poland but also for other EU member states seeking to balance their national policies with supranational obligations in the pursuit of gender equality.

  • 42.
    Blomqvist, Felix
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Supporting reflection on time spent while studying2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the Covid-19 pandemic, students has been forced to spend more time studying alone at home, which in some cases has led to increased stress and anxiety. This thesis explores qualities in Slow, Calm and Persuasive technology, together with temporal concepts in theory and qualities derived from ideation, with the aim to explore which qualities should be considered while designing for supporting self-reflection on time spent while studying. The process in this thesis is explorative, moving from ideation, to digital and physical prototypes, with the authors reflections and experiences driving the process forward and experience sessions with participants that were used to ground the experience through their reflections and new perspectives. Through evaluating the reflections and experiences with tools and design principles, the work ends up with the four qualities flow, tension, unfolding and balance as suggestions to work with in future research on designing for supporting self-reflection on time spent while studying.

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  • 43.
    Bonvini, Lorenzo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Advancing Participatory Methodologies in Education: The Case Study of Mosaic Learning Center in Thailand.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participatory methodologies offer an alternative approach to widespread

    conventional methods of education adopted in Thailand. With the latter failing to

    provide adequate educational outcomes according to international standards,

    alternative education could represent a valid response to this long-lasting national

    problem. Concurrently, the paper engages with Thai socio-cultural factors to

    advance solutions to students’ lack of motivation and interest in learning. Exploring

    the unique approach of Mosaic Learning Center, an international school in Thailand,

    this qualitative study offers first-hand insight into adopting participatory

    methodologies in the classroom. Analysing data collected through semi-structured

    interviews, the research aims to explore the effects of promoting student-centred,

    holistic, and self-directed learning, while framing participatory approaches in

    education within the interdisciplinary field of Communication for Development.

    Bridging pedagogical studies with the thematic of development and social change,

    the research addresses cultural questions of structural social injustice,

    emancipation, and children’s rights in Thailand, by advocating for liberating

    pedagogies based on inclusion and participation.

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  • 44. Borgström, Olivia
    Management control systems: An Empirical study of work performance2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working from the office was not a plausible choice for many organizations due to the COVID-19 pandemic that started in 2020. The insurance industry was one of the industries in Sweden that had to start working from home. This impacted how management could do their job without direct interaction with, and oversight of, employees in the normal office environment. This paper uses theoretical frameworks to establish a foundation within management control systems and performance measurements. A self-built model was constructed based on previous frameworks from Merchant & Van der Stede and Kaplan & Norton. The study is of quantitative nature and uses a survey approach to collect new data within the insurance industry. The concluding remarks of this study are that a change occurred when tracking work performance according to the self-built model. Furthermore, different aspects of the self-constructed model have had a more significant response than others. 

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  • 45.
    Boven, Marijke
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Daily encounters in the Cape Flats: A South African case study2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46. Brinkborg, Iris
    Samtidskonstmuseet och virtuella utställningar i den digitala konstproduktionens tidsålder: ett informationsarkitektoniskt perspektiv på hur museer kan ställa ut digital och digitaliserad konst2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most contemporary artists work digitally in one way or another, despite the fact that established art museums do not offer a platform to display digital art, which means that it is difficult for visitors to find it and that media art will have a lower status compared to physical art. For a long time the art museum business has had a complex relationship with the digitization of physical works, virtual museums and intangible art works. These are discussions that had to be ignored when the pandemic started and the art museums were forced to digitize activities that had previously been completely analogous. This report with associated artifacts strives to map digital exhibition trends and create a digital exhibition format that takes into account artistic intention and the art museum's activities, and puts the user experience in focus. The report concludes that it is difficult to generalize when it comes to art, but that digital exhibitions have great potential because you do not have to deal with gravity, wires and other physical aspects when installing digital works in a physical space. Another conclusion is that art museums must begin to look at the developer as part of the core business for the digitization initiatives to work in the long term. Perhaps the pandemic will ultimately mean that art museums to a greater extent dare to break new ground, test new exhibition formats and become more positive about the possibilities of digital exhibition formats.

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  • 47.
    Brock, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Miazhevich, Galina
    Cardiff University, Wales..
    From high camp to post-modern camp: Queering post-Soviet pop music2022In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 993-1009, article id 13675494211021413Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the post-Soviet transformations of Russian popular music culture (Estrada), arguing that its aesthetics can be analysed from the perspective of camp, by looking at two cult music performers bridging the Soviet and post-Soviet realm - Valery Leontiev and Filipp Kirkorov. The analysis is grounded in a close reading of the artists' career trajectories, selected videos and - to a lesser extent - textual analysis of their lyrics and public statements. The article argues that their performative personas are rooted in a particular version of camp with differing modalities of subversiveness - each responding both to their respective cultural and political climates, audience expectations, and also in accordance with their individual embodiments of (post)-Soviet camp. While Leontiev demonstrates a more earnest commitment to high drama, Kirkorov continues his ironic experimentation with transgression, ambiguity and excess, thereby participating in the queering of post-Soviet popular culture. The article concludes that their appropriation of camp is strategic, as it responds to the temporal, national and global trends such as global gay culture and neo-camp in Russia.

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  • 48.
    Burgos Gómez, Andrea
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    The least you can do is leave our symbols alone” The Palestinian Keffiyeh in the Fashion Industry:A Study on Cultural Appropriation and Identity2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Keffiyeh, a traditional headdress, holds symbolic significance for Palestinians in their struggle for freedom against the occupation, yet its utilization in the fashion industry has drawn criticism for its exploitative nature and disregard for its cultural importance to Palestinians. Hence, this thesis examines Palestinians' perceptions of the use of the Keffiyeh in the fashion industry and the significance of this garment for their cultural identity. It is based on semi-structured interviews with five Palestinian women who were born in Palestine and in Europe. This paper draws upon cultural appropriation as a foundational element in the academic background, while utilizing cultural identity as a theoretical framework. The results of the analysis demonstrate that the Keffiyeh plays an important role in the cultural identity of the interviewed Palestinians’ and that its use in the fashion industry is viewed as an appropriation of their culture. By situating this paper within the current body of research on cultural identity and cultural appropriation, it aims to provide valuable insights into the importance of the Keffiyeh for Palestinian identity through an examination of the Palestinian perspective, thereby contributing to existing scholarly discourse.

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  • 49. Bähler Lavér, Karin
    The Afterimage of Violence: Frames and Responsiveness in the Three Films Also Known as Jihadi, Umdrehen and When Things Occur2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The Afterimage of Violence: Frames and Responsiveness in the Three Films Also Known as Jihadi, Umdrehen and When Things Occur

    This thesis explores the intersection of aesthetics, ethics, and politics in relation to artistic strategies that confront political violence in artistic lens-based media. It aims to expand understandings of the possibilities and limitations of depicting violent real-world events and investigates how images of violence elicit responses from viewers. This study focuses on three art films—Also Known as Jihadi (2017), Umdrehen (2022), and When Things Occur (2016)—that grapple with different instances of violence, examining their affective, embodied, and non-representational perspectives. The films are analyzed through a triangulation of Jacques Rancière's concept of the "distribution of the sensible," Judith Butler's notion of the frame, and Jill Bennett's idea of the transactive potential harbored in artworks. Drawing on Butler's question regarding the norms that govern which lives are recognized as human and worthy of protection, the thesis argues that the three art films function as afterimages of violence, which orchestrate affective responses and ethical engagement with the suffering of others. The analysis delves into the artistic strategies employed by the films to generate a more nuanced understanding of political violence, highlighting the interplay between cognitive associations, affective forces, and embodied perception. It explores the relationship between representation and responsiveness, investigating how art can disrupt established notions and judgments surrounding violent events and the lives affected by them. By analyzing the three selected films, the thesis articulates how art can generate critical engagement with political violence and cultivate empathic concern. The research aims to contribute to a broader understanding of the aesthetic and ethical implications of representing violence, emphasizing the potential of art to transform perceptions, foster new modes of seeing, and engender ethical responses.

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  • 50.
    Campbell, Cassandra
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Varför Ava-tar de på allt?: En kvalitativ analys av hur visualiseringen av händers interaktion påverkar hur åskådare upplever världen i filmen Avatar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a phenomenological study that explores how the visualisation of hands affects the viewer’s perception of the world in the movie Avatar. The essay analyses three scenes from Avatar, consisting of hands that interact with objects that are unknown to both the movie character and the viewer. The analysis applies theories within phenomenology, perception, cognition, and science fiction as a narrative form, as it aims to explore how viewers perceive the interaction of hands in the context of watching a movie.

    The results suggest that the visualisation of hands can have several outcomes, regarding how the viewer reacts while watching the scenes that were involved in this study. The interactions serve a narrative function, as they convey information about the construction of the fictional film world. This in turn, engages the viewer’s interest and creates anticipation. Theories within phenomenology support that viewers can experience sensory perceptions, such as tactile sensations, while watching the scenes. The analysis also concludes that viewers may wish to interact with the film world by using their own hands, as cognition theories support that the presence of hands in our field of vision, prompts us to interpret our surroundings as being interactive.

    The findings in this study also conclude that experiences are difficult to measure and interpret, since our perceptions are shaped by our previous experiences and interests. The essay closes with a critical reflection on the results and elaborates on how the findings can be applied to different research fields, such as film narration, medicine, interaction design, UX design, and visual communication, followed by how the analysis in this essay could be expanded into a larger study.

     

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