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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, HLK, CHILD.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, HLK, CHILD.
    ICF-CY as a Framework for Understanding Child Engagement in Preschool2018In: Frontiers in Education, E-ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement in preschool predicts children's development, learning, and wellbeing in later school years. The time children engage in activities and social interactions is conditional for preschool inclusion. Engagement is part of the construct participation, which is determined by attendance and involvement. Two suggested underlying dimensions of engagement had been identified as essential when assessing children's participation in preschool activities. As engagement is a key question in inclusion of all children, and preschool becomes a common context for them, it is increasingly important to understand the concept of engagement in those settings. In Sweden most children attend preschool but children in need of special support tend not to receive enough support for their everyday functioning. This study aimed to conceptualize child engagement in preschool with ICF-CY as a framework to clarify core and developmental engagement dimensions included in Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). The content of CEQ was identified through linking processes based on ICF linking rules with some exceptions. Specific challenges and solutions were acknowledged. To identify engagement dimensions in the ICF-CY, CEQ items related to ICF-CY chapters were integrated in the two-dimensional model of engagement. Findings showed that engagement measured for preschool ages was mostly related to Learning and Applying knowledge belonging to Activities and Participation but the linkage detected missing areas. Broader perspectives of children's everyday functioning require extended assessment with consideration to mutual influences between activities, participation, body functions, and contextual factors. Related to core and developmental engagement, findings highlight the importance for preschool staff to pay attention to how children do things, not only what they do. Activities related to core engagement include basic skills; those related to developmental engagement set higher demands on the child. Linking challenges related to preschool context were not consistent with those reported for child health. Using the ICF-CY as a framework with a common language may lead to open discussions among persons around the child, clarify the different perspectives and knowledges of the persons, and facilitate decisions on how to implement support to a child in everyday life situations in preschool and at home.

  • 2.
    Aguilera Bezrokov, Yambot
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bouman, Jennifer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Global Crowdsourcing for Climate Change: Citizen engagement in environmental monitoring: An exploratory case study of breaking a world record with drones2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 13 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of crowdsourcing practices has revolutionized the way in which organizational tasks can be performed. One application of crowdsourcing that has been receiving growing attention over the past decade is using the crowd to collect environmental data that is needed to monitor, manage and predict environmental events. Most projects are still in their initial stages and since these projects often require high levels of citizen participation, there is a need to better understand the motivations for individuals to(dis)engage in these crowdsourcing projects, especially when long-term participation is required. Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to explore the motivations of individuals that participated in a crowdsourcing project for environmental data collection. Building on Self-Determination Theory, Social Exchange Theory and Social Identity theory, a case was studied of an organization that successfully motivated citizens from all over the world to use their drones to collect geographic climate data. In total, ten interviews were conducted with the drone-operators. The findings suggest that participants felt intrinsically motivated to engage because they wanted to do good, cared about climate change and were passionate about flying drones. Additionally, they experienced extrinsic motivations such as the possibility of gaining future job offers, recognition, and experience. Moreover, since participation was deemed relatively easy and straightforward, costs of participation were low and outweighed by the benefits. Finally, feeling part of a wider community made the participants more motivated to engage. Using crowdsourcing to collect environmental data on a wider spatiotemporal scale can help guide policy-making that mitigates or manages the impacts of climate change. Future projects would benefit from more and diversified research that support the design of long-term participation schemes, as the success of the projects depends on the level of citizen engagement.

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  • 3.
    Ajavakom, Natnida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OFCORRELATION BETWEEN VIOLENTVIDEO GAMES EXPOSURE, AGGRESSIVE AND IMPULSIVEBEHAVIOR IN THAILAND GAMERCOMMUNITY2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violent video games have been questioned in its influence toward violence and aggressivebehavior in nowadays especially with adolescents and young adults which usually spend theirtime playing games more than other activity. The aim of this research is to find a correlationbetween violent video games exposure, aggressive behavior and self-control in an individual toanswer the question that “Is playing violent video games can lead a person to be more violence,aggressive and lack of self-control more than it should be?” The research will be studied with351 people in the Thailand Gamer Community. An aggressive behavior and impulsive behaviorwill be look into by self-questionnaire: Buss – Perry aggression questionnaire: BPAQ – ShortForm to measure aggressive behavior, the short version of the Self-Control Scale to measure animpulsive behavior and for a violent video games exposure, it will be measured by the time thatparticipants playing video games and how violent it exposure to violent video games andaggressive behavior but the results only show a slightly correlation between these two variables.Nevertheless, the results show no correlation between violent video games exposure andimpulsive behavior. 

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  • 4.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    ”Tidigare sa vi: Vad behöver ni hjälp med? Nu är det mer: Hur mår ni?”: Anhörigkonsulenters upplevelser av stöd till anhöriga under covid-19-pandemin.2021In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 439-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family care advisors work with specialized support for family carers within the municipalities. During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020, however, support activities for family cares were essentially shut down. This article, which is based on qualitative interviews, examines family care advisors’ experiences of their work during the pandemic and the interaction strategies they describe. Trontos (1993) ethics of care has been used as a theoretical framework. The interviewees describe how their meetings with family carers have taken on new forms, mainly as telephone conversations and outdoor meetings. The significance of the meeting place has become more noticeable and something that must be planned around. Contacts with family carers now take place primarily on the initiative of the family care advisors. The content of the meetings has also changed and they are perceived as more demanding. The family care advisors emphasise that they can listen and confirm rather than offer practical solutions as these are made difficult during the pandemic. The emotional support to family carers has become more prominent and puts higher demands on the family care advisors’ emotional competence.

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  • 5.
    Allansson, Jakob
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kajander, Elin
    Equity in public transport planning?: An investigation of the planning and implementation of a new public transport system and its social consequences in Cape Town2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s sustainability has been a keyword in all kinds of development. Urban planning is not an exception. The three most common aspects of sustainable development are economic, social, and ecological. However, there are many academics that claim that these three aspects are not prioritized equally. Patsy Healey (2007) among others argues that the economical aspect is hegemony and that sustainable social and ecological development is dependent on economic measures.

    The purpose of this thesis is to study the planning and implementation of a new public transport system in Cape Town, South Africa, and to investigate how it relates to sustainable social development in particular. This since Cape Town has a long history of segregation of different groups, and today there are large income inequalities and geographical distances that increase the social exclusion in the city.

    The theoretical framework is concentrated into three themes; Social justice and equity in public transport planning, accessibility and mobility, and finally, social exclusion. The empirical data is collected with a qualitative method in the form of a case study.

    We can conclude that even though the notion of investing in public transport to combat social exclusion is present in the planning documents in Cape Town, the implementation and investments in the new public transport system do not always follow the documents’ principles. This contributes to little or no change regarding social exclusion in Cape Town.

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  • 6.
    Alnaji, Ahmad
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Graffiti as Voice for Voiceless People: Critical Discourse Analysis of Sudanese Graffiti During Sudanese Revolution 20192020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights street art in the social movement in Sudan and the role of murals andpolitical graffiti in relation to the Sudanese revolution of 2019. Characteristic for thismovement is the appearance of murals depicting the events of the revolutions. In particular,the colourful graffiti during the Sudanese uprisings of 2019 has been a crucial element in thesocial movement in the country.This study explores role of graffiti, its function as an art of resistance and as a communicationmedium during Sudanese movement, how graffiti contributes to Sudanese revolution 2019.Sudanese graffiti creates a profound understanding of the social transformation in Sudan,including most important events after revolution such as the third of June massacre inKhartoum and the political process and solidarity against discrimination. It establishes asocial relational space that ranks high values on collaboration and sharing significance, aswell introduces emancipatory alternative for better future in Sudan.The study uses four-dimensional analytical framework including graffiti as communicationtool, illegality and call for place, visual and verbal language, and graffiti as a public memory.Furthermore, it uses critical discourse analysis method through utilizing three-dimensionalframework including text, discursive practice, and sociocultural context. At the same time, thestudy uses telephone interviews method and photo-elimination method as data collectionmethods and encompassing structure for the research. 

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  • 7.
    Amusan, Abosede
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Shattering the second glass ceiling:Interpreting the lived experiences of Female Entrepreneurs in Lagos, Nigeria, using Schlossberg’s Transition Theory.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Introduction: This study examined the lived experiences of Female Entrepreneurs in Lagos State, Nigeria, who transitioned from traditional corporate employment settings to venture into uncharted entrepreneurial territory. In their transition from employee to entrepreneur, this study identified the existence of glass ceiling in both phases. Considering the perception of a woman’s identity in the Nigerian patriarchal system, practical attention and analysis have not been given to their experiences as employees and entrepreneurs. Seven (7) Nigerian Female Entrepreneurs with established businesses in Lagos, Nigeria, participated in this study.

    Method: A qualitative research method that builds upon the philosophy of social constructivism was used to decipher the transition. Storytelling theory assisted the interviewees in expressing themselves freely and facilitated this research. Also, Schlossberg's Transition Theory was the foundational theoretical framework for this study.

    Result: The result of the study identified the inherent glass ceiling in their transition. Some peculiarities of the glass ceiling within Nigerian context include financing barriers, gender discrimination, a good support system, and limited female mentors. This was framed as the “second glass ceiling”. They discussed their coping mechanisms to overcome challenges and build successful businesses during transition.

    Conclusion: The conclusion demonstrates helpful modifications that can aid groups, organizations, academic institutions, and policymakers understand Nigerian women’s situation in corporate and business domains. Such understanding could promote equality of opportunity within society and organizations, eliminate entrepreneurship barriers, and aid their long-term retention of corporate or entrepreneurial engagement. In the long run, this will benefit the Nigerian economy, corporate organizations, female entrepreneurs in Nigeria, and their communities.

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  • 8.
    Andersen, Rikke Hoelgaard
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    The Filtering Out Of Hate Crime In The Criminal Justice System: A Qualitative Study Of Police Investigation In Denmark2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hate crime has emerged as a new ‘crime problem’ in Denmark, which has led to legislative adjustments and requirements of the police to improve identification, registration and handling of hate crime. International research shows that the investigation of hate crime is a complex issue not least because hate crime is legally not a crime category but an aggravating circumstance in principle to any crime. There exist no studies of hate crime policing in Denmark, and this study aims to fill a knowledge gap by a qualitative exploration of the processing of hate crime in the criminal justice system in a Danish context and from the perspective of the police, which is a relatively overlooked perspective. Specifically, the study explores why many hate crimes are filtered out through the criminal justice system, and through a thematic analysis the study identifies a number of challenges on a legal, organizational and practise level, that all contributes to a filtering out of hate crime throughout the Danish criminal justice system. Goldstein’s theory of problem-oriented policing is used as framework to discuss the implications of law in hate crime policing. The Danish police is expected to deal more effectively with the hate crime problem, and more knowledge on what works in hate crime policing is needed.

     

    Keywords: Hate crime, investigation, criminal justice processing, problem-oriented policing, thematic analysis.  

     

  • 9.
    Andersson, Catrine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Drawing the line at infidelity: negotiating relationship morality in a Swedish context of consensual non-monogamy2022In: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, ISSN 0265-4075, E-ISSN 1460-3608, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 1917-1933Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consensual non-monogamy (CNM) involves being in a relationship that allows participants multiple concurrent sexual and/or intimate partners. Previous studies exploring attitudes toward different types of extra-dyadic sexual activity (EDSA) has typically distinguished between, on the one hand, polyamory/open relationships/swinging and, on the other, infidelity. The aim of this article is to develop further these discussions by showing how the distinctions between relationship types are drawn and/or blurred in social interactions, and how this requires moral work and negotiations of what ethical polyamory is. The research questions are as follows: 1. How are different CNM relationship types distinguished from each other, as well as intertwined and negotiated in social interactions? 2. How are ideals of consent, honesty, and communication reproduced and renegotiated in CNM relationships? 3. How does moral work become important for responding to negative attitudes toward CNM? The material consists of interviews with 22 persons practicing polyamory, CNM, or relationship anarchy, analyzed using thematic analysis. Results show that CNM relationship types are not clearly distinguishable but rather negotiated in social interactions both within a relationship and with others. Interviewees express that consent, honesty, and communication are central for their relationships, but also that they are negotiated. For example, honesty can be renegotiated by introducing an option of not telling your partner everything. Consent can also be renegotiated with some conditions, such as not actively searching out potential partners. They describe several different types of moral work: negotiating and reformulating others’ moral opinions, reversing moral hierarchies, and taking responsibility to explain and to soothe situations. These results contribute to existing research on attitudes toward CNM practices pointing out the importance of taking social interactions into account in order to explore the full extent of negative attitudes toward people involved in CNM relationships and how they handle these interactions.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Catrine
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Carlström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Polyamorous Parenthood – Kinship, Gender and Morality2021In: Close Relations: Family, Kinship and Beyond / [ed] H Wahlström Henriksson; K Goedecke, New York: Springer, 2021, p. 139-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on polyamorous parenthood has mainly focused on aspects of interactions with schools and authorities, where polyamorous parents have had to develop strategies of openness and concealment and dealing with stigmatization (Palotta-Chiarolla 2010; Riggs 2010; Sheff 2010). Aspects of sex and morality have primarily been explored in general in relation to non-monogamous practice and not specifically in relation to parenthood (Ritchie 2010; Samuels 2010). Based on interviews with 22 persons in Sweden who in different ways have experience of non-monogamous practice, we explore polyamorous parenthood, focusing on kinship practices, gender and sexual morality. The results of these analyses show that there are recurring themes of promiscuity as a risk that polyamorous parents have to handle. This can take the form of negative interactions with family members and society, practical issues with having sex with several partners or identity issues where good parenthood risks being at odds with non-monogamous practices. The boundaries of good parenthood and promiscuity and the negotiations between them are rarely highlighted in research, but have implications for the moral order of kinship for non-monogamous practice today. 

  • 11.
    Andersson, Ellen
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Baumann, Linn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    En fastighetsmäklares utbildningskrav samt profession: En kvalitativ studie om hur fastighetsmäklarprofessionen påverkar  transaktionskostnader i Sverige och Australiens delstat New South Wales2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: En fastighetsmäklares utbildningskrav samt profession - 

    En kvalitativ studie om hur fastighetsmäklarprofessionen påverkar  transaktionskostnader i Sverige och Australiens delstat New South Wales

    Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i ämnet Fastighetsvetenskap

    Författare: Ellen Andersson och Linn Baumann

    Handledare: Peter Palm

    Datum: Juni 2023

    Syfte: Syftet är att bidra till ökad förståelse för hur fastighetsmäklaryrket i New South Wales och Sverige skiljer sig i sin profession samt hur detta påverkar dess transaktionskostnader.

    Metod: Denna studie har applicerat en komparativ kvalitativ forskningsmetodik. Med hjälp av litteratur-, samt datasökning har empiriska studier kopplats till den teoretisk bakgrunden, för att utreda professionaliseringen påverkan på transaktionskostnaderna inom fastighetsmäklaryrket i respektive land 

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att fastighetsmäklaryrket i länderna skiljer sig. I Sverige uppfylls kraven för en preprofession och i New South Wales så uppnår fastighetsmäklaryrket endast en semiprofession. Studien visar vidare på att graden av professionalisering påverkar transaktionskostnaderna. Transaktionskostnaderna kan delas in i sökkostnader, förhandlingskostnader och kontrollkostnader. Yrkets professionalisering minskar sökkostnaderna, förhandlingskostnaderna och kontrollkostnaderna.  Professionaliseringen kan även öka kontrollkostnaderna. 

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  • 12.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    The rise and fall of Umeå IK2023In: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 395-409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses the rise and fall of the Swedish women's club Umea IK. The question is how a team from a city almost devoid of any football culture suddenly could become one of the most successful clubs in the world during the early 2000s? The theoretical basis consists of the concepts of local identity, glocalization and Manuel Castell's analysis of the network society. The source material is a study of Umea's largest daily newspaper and eleven interviews. Umea IK worked energetically to create a strong local network for a women's club (consisting of good contacts with the municipality, high income from sponsors, good media coverage and high attendances). The university city of Umea was dynamic and progressive, with a strong middle-class character. The population could identify with the team. However, the city's volatility meant that the team did not get long-lasting significance in terms of the city's identity.

  • 13.
    Antonsson, Julia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den opartiska fastighetsmäklaren och banken: En problematisering2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 14.
    Arespång, Sofia
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Så länge jag är frisk vill jag jobba!: Fyra berättelser om att vara motiverad yrkesverksam aktiv pensionär.2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många seniorer väljer att arbeta efter pensioneringen. Denna rapport handlar om fyra berättelser av personer som har fortsatt att arbeta efter att ha passerat pensionsålder. Ur ett karriärutvecklingsperspektiv undersöker jag vilka faktorer i seniorernas berättelser som har lett till att fortsätta att arbeta efter 65, vad som motiverar till att vidareutvecklas och hur tillvaron ser ut runt dessa personer ut ett helhetsperspektiv. Syftet med denna undersökning är att få en skildring om seniorernas upplevelser av att vara yrkesverksamma efter pensioneringen. Dessa berättelser är av intresse för vägledningsprofessionen då det saknas studier och forskning i en svensk kontext om seniorer som arbetar efter 65 år.

        Uppsatsen utgår från en kvalitativ narrativ metod. Fyra halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fyra yrkesverksamma pensionärer. Med intervjun som underlag, författades fyra berättelser. Empirin analyserades med utvalda begrepp från två teorier: System Theory Framework (STF) och Life-span Life-space. Resultatet visar att informanterna erbjöds möjlighet att fortsätta att arbeta för de har kompetenser som efterfrågas. Samtliga informanter upplevde att de hade mer att ge, och valde att fortsätta med sina respektive karriärer. Resultatet visar också att dessa personer har levt gynnsamma, aktiva, sociala liv och har utbildning. Informanternas karriärer förstås som summan av olika val som har gjorts över tid. Dessa val gör att de lever de liv de har idag. De vill fortsätta arbeta det så länge de är friska och orkar. Att vidareutvecklas och lära sig nya saker är också en stark motivationsfaktor.

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  • 15.
    Arnshed, Jesper
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fastighetsmäklare som profession: En studie om yrkets professionskategorisering2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Real Estate Agent as a profession - A study about the occupation´s professional categorization

    Level: Bachelor's thesis within Real Estate Science 

    Author: Jesper Arnshed

    Supervisor: Karin Staffansson Pauli

    Date: May 2021

    Aim: Based on the benefits of reaching a higher profession, the aim of this study is to examine the real estate industry's view on the categorization of the broker´s profession.

    Method: This study has applied a qualitative research methodology. With the help of semi-structured interviews, additional dimensions have supplemented the theoretical background, about the underlying aspects that are derived from the real estate agent's professional classification.

    Result & Conclusions: The result shows that the brokers´ aim towards a higher profession is partly prevented due to the gap between theory and practice, and the undefined rules and regulations that brokers must deal with. If the new law change had instead been rooted in the real challenges and aspects that affect the trust and professional integrity among brokers, there are great opportunities for the occupational group to reach a higher profession. 

    Contribution of the thesis: The study contributed with additional understanding to the broker´s profession and what prevents a higher categorization.

    Suggestions for future research: As the changes in the law are implemented, it would be interesting to study what changes have had an impact in the industry and for the broker. 

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  • 16.
    Axelsson, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Håkansson, Peter Gladoic
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI). Malmö University, Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA).
    Studie- och yrkesvägledning i kombinationsutbildning. Del 2.: Avrapportering av ett forskningsuppdrag2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som en konsekvens av, och i linje med, den nya arbetslinjen som växte fram i början av det nya milleniet blev utgångspunkten för kombinationsutbildning att nyanländas etablering i samhället och på arbetsmarknaden ska öka. Utbildningsformen har således en tydlig koppling till arbetsmarknaden. Att göra ett väl övervägt studie- och yrkesval kräver en god kunskap om arbetsmarknaden, vilket kan tillgodoses genom generell vägledning och arbetsmarknadsorientering.I denna studie har vi undersökt vägledningens roll i kombinationsutbildning. En slutsats är att en fungerande och hållbar vägledning kräver organisatoriska förutsättningar och en genomtänkt styrning. Den generella vägledningen bygger på en samverkan mellan olika yrkesgrupper, men även samverkan måste få organisatoriska förutsättningar och rätt styrning. Det kan handla om att strategiska dokument formuleras av kommunledningen (SYV-plan), att yrkesvägledarna placeras tillsammans med den pedagogiska verksamheten, eller att olika yrkesgrupper får i uppdrag att tillsammans utveckla moment med inriktning arbetslivsorientering och generell vägledning.

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  • 17.
    Baghal Shirvan, Mahyar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    ”Jag har ingen identitet, Jag är ingen”: Ensamkommande ungdomars integration och dess utmaningar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Integration och etablering av nyanlända är ett viktigt ämne i samhället som hardebatterats många gånger och ifrågasatts inför valet. Skillnaden mellan hur självanyanlända och speciellt nyanlända ungdomar tänker kring integrering och hursamhället förklarar integreringen är en annan viktig aspekt som många gångerglöms bort. Målet med denna undersökning är att försöka förstå integreringenutifrån ungdomarnas perspektiv. Integrering sker i olika steg, som till exempelinkludering eller exkludering. Vidare ska undersökningen försöka förstå hurintegration sker i olika steg och även vilka utmaningar ensamkommandeungdomar möter i integrationsprocessen. En kvalitativ undersökningsmetod i formav fokusgruppsintervju har använts i studien där totalt 9 ungdomar deltog iundersökningen. Resultatet visar att integration inte ska förklaras som ett ansvarsom läggs på ungdomar, utan det är en process där både individen och samhälletansvarar för det. Samhället bör stödja individer i denna process genom resurser.Individer bör höja sina chanser för integration genom att till exempel utbilda sig.Dessa ungdomar möter dock många utmaningar i olika steg av processen, tillexempel när de utbildar sig eller på arbetsmarknaden, vilket försvårar derasintegrering och gör det svårare för dem att känna en känsla av tillhörighet. Attkänna en känsla av sammanhang eller KASAM gör livet meningsfullt ochbegripligt för dessa ungdomar, vilket resulterar i en bättre integrering. Trots allautmaningar visar ensamkommande ungdomar motivation att lära sig språket,utbilda sig och skaffa sig ett bra arbete. De är redo att ta vara på möjligheter ochförbättra sin status i samhället, vilket leder till att de känner tillhörighet isamhället och får en känsla av sammanhang, och därmed integreras i det nyasamhället.

  • 18. Barbir, Zvonimir
    Participatory processes and outdoor design initiatives in a student dormitories: Proposals for new public space in Grønjordskollegiet2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As urban planning demands an active role of public participation, it is important to accommodate participatory methods to the specific urban settings. This research develops community-based planning practices and analyses the needs of residents in student dormitory through the use of experimental workshops and observations conducted while experiencing and addressing the current spatial problems of outdoor areas of Grønjordskollegiet in Copenhagen, which serves as a case study. This paper uses the existing literature and theories that build on the benefits of inclusive public space, participation, social sustainability and liveability in relation to the data that derived from the use of qualitative methods. This research shows that students, as an important citizen group, have unique ways of living and experiencing the city. Thus, this research indicates the need for changes of the participation methods to gather better and more holistic data in such unique urban setting. In addition, while being a participant in external workshops and conducting methods that contain observations and reflections, this paper provides supplementary knowledge to further develop the students’ participation. Data from interviews and focus group discussion is used to address and suggest changes to the current spatial problems of the case study. As a result, community-based planning processes in student dormitories, if applied correctly, can benefit the social interactions and well-being of all groups of citizens.

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  • 19.
    Barkijevic, Valentina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Vithetsnormen i läroböcker för samhällskunskap2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze whiteness in textbooks for civics. The study is executed through a text analysis of two textbooks in civics for upper primary school in Sweden. In this approach a postcolonial theoretical framework is used which is thoroughly presented, after which resulted in two analytical models. One model was used to identify binary dichotomies, while the other consisted of five questions that aimed to highlight patterns regarding whiteness in the textbooks. One of the most important contributions of the postcolonial theory was the visualization of the links between historical colonialism and contemporary societal problems such as various forms of racism and discrimination. On these grounds, the theory was chosen. The result showed a partly problematic presentation in the textbooks.

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    Valentina Barkijevic
  • 20.
    Basic, Amir
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    COVID-19’s effect on Domestic Violence in Sweden during the first 6 months of 2020.: A deeper look into gender differences, weekly crime rates, and the relationship between the victim and offender.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about several restrictions throughout society which has limited people's outdoor activities and forced individuals to stay home. These circumstances have possibly had an impact on the prevalence of domestic violence and other types of assault. This paper uses police crime data from the first six months of 2020 to analyse if any changes in domestic violence can be attributed to the implementation of COVID-19 restrictions in Sweden. Using the LUPP method, developed by The Swedish Council for Crime Prevention (BRÅ), this paper investigates weekly changes in crime compared to the same period in 2019 while additionally studying the prevalence of different types of relationships between the victim and offender. Results indicate that partner violence for men has doubled in relation to all assault crimes, and that partner violence for women has also increased substantially, accounting for 46 % of total assault crimes in the observed period. Abuse by family members, other acquaintances, and unknown persons have seemingly gone down in 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. A concluding regression analysis reveals weak to moderate correlations between changes in domestic violence- and non-domestic violence crimes and COVID-19 restrictions, even when changes in seasonality is accounted for. While the increase in domestic violence crimes does not directly coincide with the emergence of COVID-19, results indicate that the implemented restrictions have played an important role in maintaining heightened levels throughout the observed period. Future research is advised to continue testing for correlations to COVID-19 restrictions, while also considering other variables which could be related to domestic violence, such as increased alcohol consumption at home, family isolation, and economic stress. 

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  • 21.
    Beaca, Jana
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    "We're Using the Environment as a Bridge": A Case Study on EcoPeace Middle East2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intergroup contact, the practice of bringing together adversary groups in a friendly setting, is a widely studied field in Peace and Conflict Studies. However, studying this practice against the backdrop of shared environmental issues in an intractable conflict zone is rather rare in academia. The present thesis aims to study the potential of intergroup contact on grassroot level based on shared environmental issues towards positive outcomes of those encounters. Looking at environmental peacebuilding from the theoretical perspective of intergroup contact, the thesis scrutinises the case of the Water Diplomacy Programme by the regional NGO EcoPeace Middle East. Jordanian, Palestinian, and Israeli environmentalists work jointly together on projects across divided borders. The single case study is based on nine qualitative interviews with Jordanian and Israeli participants of the programme and one EcoPeace staff member which are analysed through a directed content analysis. The findings display that the conditions and processes of intergroup contact are partly met in the programme and generally have the potential to result in positive outcomes. EcoPeace’s practice of solely focusing on the environment in the workshops is challenged by participants since personal ties and considering the conflict situation are deemed as crucial to reach the core of the conflict.     

  • 22.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research (IBF), Uppsala University.
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Universal and Selective Housing Regimes as Broad and Narrow Policy Fields: A Conceptual Proposal and its Application to Sweden2023In: Tidsskrift for boligforskning, E-ISSN 2535-5988, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 90-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fundamental distinction in welfare state research is the one between universal and selective policies. Consequently, housing researchers often categorize national housing regimes under one of these headings. However, since housing is typically distributed via markets – although with state correctives – and not directly by means of state distribution, the borderline between universal and selective housing policies is seldom clear-cut. This article proposes a framework that can be applied both to housing and other welfare sectors, based on the distinction between a broad and narrow policy field and applicable to institutions, discourses and outcomes on different political levels: national welfare regimes, sector regimes (like housing) and policy instruments.In the article, this framework is applied critically to the Swedish housing regime, which is often understood as being universal. Swedish housing policy and its central policy instruments are analysed in terms of universality and selectivity, together with the housing discourse and the social and economic outcome. The article also discusses how the development of recent years, for example, the increased commercialism of public housing, the spread of so-called social contracts and the recurring ideas about “social housing” can be understood in terms of universal and selective housing policy.

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  • 23.
    Berglund Molin, Ellen
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    THE DEVELOPMENT OF VISHING FRAUD DURING THE COVID PANDEMIC2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 24.
    Bjersér, Sofia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    "I have not achieved a feeling of being masculine.” : An exploration of masculinities in the Swedish Armed Forces2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically and presently most people employed in military forces worldwide are men. With a focus on peacekeeping and equality, the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) aim to recruit more women. But even as gender issues become a central focus of the SwAF, policy is mostly aimed towards women despite most employees being men. This study came about by leaning on feminist scholars’ arguments that men and masculinities need to be examined and involved when working towards positive peace, so that they do not remain naturalized and become unidentified obstacles. To achieve this aim, this thesis draws on semi-structured interviews with Swedish Peacekeepers and present a complex, contradictory puzzle of how masculinities are performed, perceived, and reproduced. Masculinities are admired but ridiculed, used as a tool for battle but an obstacle for rehabilitation, a source for deep emotional bonds and rigorously performed to turn off emotionally, and is mainly existing in the eyes of the beholder but seldom seen in oneself. The results support theoretical complexity of militarized masculinities and confirm that militarism is not inherent or come natural to men but is a performative, social construction.

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  • 25.
    Bjärsholm, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Linnaeus University.
    Norberg, Johan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Swedish sport policy in an era of neoliberalism: An expression of social entrepreneurship?2021In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 3, article id 715310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the turn of the millennium, Sweden has, like many other countries, become more neoliberal in many areas, including that of sport. The government has increased its expectations on the sports movement and become more result-oriented, which, for example, its revised motives for supporting the sports movement and the establishment of an audit organization can illustrate. However, in contrast to other countries, the Swedish government has not introduced any financial cutbacks in its support for sports. Rather, the opposite is true. The financial support has increased significantly over the last two decades. In the paper, we argue that this contradictory development of Swedish sport policy can be understood as expressions of neoliberalism and social entrepreneurship. As a theoretical concept, social entrepreneurship offers a way of understanding the increased Swedish government support for sport. There are in particular two underlying reasons for this claim. Firstly, sport is considered as a solution to various societal problems, such as social exclusion and refugee crises. Secondly, much of the increased support has been in form of various large-scale, earmarked, and time-limited political initiatives/reforms and project grants, which all have aimed to achieve social change through sport, such as social inclusion. In the paper, we consider these initiatives as expressions of social entrepreneurship. This paper contributes to the ongoing scholarly debate on how neoliberalism and neoliberal policies in the public sector have affected sport organizations. Also, by using social entrepreneurship theory, we provide new theoretical insights into how sport policy can be understood and analyzed.

     

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  • 26.
    Björkman Sjölund, Fanny
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    EN ANALYS OM HUR KVALITATIV VÄRDERING AV EKOSYSTEMTJÄNSTER KAN BIDRA TILL EN MER HÅLLBAR FYSISK PLANERING: EN FALLSTUDIE OM GRÖNBY, SKÅNE.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The human society is to a great extent dependent on the ecosystem services that nature provides for us. Despite this, there is a lot of evidence showing that ecosystem services decrease both in amount and in function. The greatest threat to ecosystem services is a changein land use. Where natural areas are being exploited or changed in a large scale. To achieve a more sustainable usage of land, ecosystem services is going to be integrated in the planning of land usage. The best available method for integrating ecosystem services is evaluation of ecosystem services. There are four different methods for evaluating ecosystem services wherethe monetary evaluation has gained the greatest breakthrough. The problem however is that some ecosystem services cannot be evaluated in monetary values. Something that cases an imbalance in which types of ecosystem services that is successfully integrated in the planning of land usage. This study aimed to analyze what role that qualitative evaluation of ecosystem services can fulfill in the planning of land usage. To investigate that, a case study was conducted about the area of Grönby in Trelleborgs municipality. Firstly, an analysis over policy documents from Trelleborgs municipality were analyzed to gain an understanding of the municipality’s work with ecosystem services. A qualitative evaluation of the surrounding ecosystem services was conducted by interviewing local residents in a go-along interview. The role that qualitative evaluation of ecosystem services can provide is that it offers local residents to participate in the planning of land use. The result of the study correlated with former studies that qualitative evaluation of ecosystem services can highlight other types of layers, dimensions, knowledge, and description of emission that other method of evaluation of ecosystem services excludes. In the study there was also some findings about which types of factors that affect the qualitative evaluation of ecosystem services. Some of the factors were: the visual experience, the possibility to participate in activities in the natural areas, the encounter with wildlife and the opportunity for recovery. 

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  • 27.
    Björkqvist, Rasmus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Sandberg, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Sociala mediers påverkan på samhällskunskapsundervisningen2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kunskapsöversikt är att undersöka och redogöra för vad forskningen säger om hur samhällskunskapsämnet påverkas av sociala medier. Med en frågeställning som lyder:

     

    ”Vad säger tidigare forskning om hur undervisningen i samhällskunskap påverkas av sociala medier?”

     

    Processen där materialet som har använts har framkommit utifrån en systematisk sökningsprocess. Sökningarna har huvudsakligen gjorts i tre olika databaser, vilka är ERIC via EBSCO, ERC och LIBsearch.

     

    Resultatet visar att samhällskunskapen påverkas en hel del av sociala medier. Eleverna läser sina nyheter till en allt högre grad på sociala medier, vilket kräver en ökad aktivitet av lärarna kring ämnen som källkritik, medie- och informationskunnighet samt att elevernas demokratiska deltagande måste byggas på rätt grunder. Kunskapsöversiktens slutsats säger detsamma. Även ungdomars politiska delaktighet kommer fram, om hur sociala medier påverkar samhällskunskapsämnet.

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    Rasmus Björkqvist Maja Sandberg
  • 28.
    Blem, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Kruuse av Verchou, Stephanie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    STEREOTYPICAL OR NON-STEREOTYPICAL?: WHICH HATE CRIMES ARE EASIER TO CATEGORIZE?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hate crime is an umbrella concept where the motive is to violate an individual or group based on their ethnicity, skin color, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression. This study examined police reports from the year 2018, marked as hate crimes. The sample consisted of 8 cases of violent crimes containing, a completed interrogation, an identifiable hate motive and where the offense was made by either a majority offender on minority victim or a minority offender on minority victim. The study aimed to examine whether the police use stereotypes to enable quick and easy identification of an underlying motive. Athematic analysis was used to examine if stereotypes were being utilized and if any differences occurred between the handling of cases of majority-on-minority versus minority-on-minority. Two theoretical frameworks were used to understand the mechanism behind the use of stereotypes, and which victims who are assigned most sympathy from society and can thereby be defined as ideal victims of hate crime. The results indicated that the hate motive was expressed more explicitly in cases where the offender belonged to a majority group. These cases also contained more stereotypical traits, which could make it easier for law enforcement to recognize the hate motive. In the dominant part of the examined cases, both stereotypical and non-stereotypical traits were visible, indicating that law enforcement partly forgoes these stereotypes when identifying the hate motive. More training would be beneficial to stress the importance of a more detailed description of the hate motive in the report's criminal text - and how it determines the success of the investigation.

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  • 29.
    Bodvill, Mattis
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Images and International Relations: Analysing the images of children in the Syrian war2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis examines the study of images in International Relations (IR). Even though images play an important role in global politics, images have received little attention by IR scholars. In this thesis I aim to answer how images can be studied. I conduct two analyses, which I call ‘single image analysis’, and ‘multiple images analysis’ to answer the research question of ‘how did images of children in the Syrian war shape global political narratives and identities´. I argue that images of children in the Syrian war though their emotional value (re)produced as Syrian identity of ‘misery’, ‘chaos’, and ‘hopelessness’. And images (re)produced narratives of who is ‘good’ and ‘bad’. Two analyses are conducted to discuss the different ways images can be analysed. I argue that single image analysis and the multiple images analysis have their own strengths and weaknesses and applicable in different cases. Also, I argue further theoretical and methodological discussions on how to study images would benefit IR as a whole.

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  • 30.
    Bohlin, Ulla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Health and Welfare Studies (HV).
    "I vårt land finns inte ordet handikapp": invandrare med barn med funktionshinder berättar2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim with this report is to increase the knowledge about and the understanding of disability and ethnicity as a combined phenomena. The empirical part of the project focuses the experiences of immigrant and refugee families of different ethnic background who have disabled children. From the point of view of these families, how are their conditions of life in Sweden? In the project I have made 18 interviews with parents whose children get support and service by the District habilitation organisation in the Region Skåne. The parents represent ten different nationalities in and outside Europe Most of the children are multi-handicapped. Important areas of question in the interviews deal with the migration process, the families' own views of their background, cultural and ethnic identity and concepts of disability, health, illness and disease. The parents' experiences of having a disabled child, about the support and services around them and the strategies families use to cope with their situation are discussed.

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  • 31.
    Bolmehag, Ebba
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hedin, Max
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Situationellt brottspreventivt arbete i Karlslund: En fallstudie om samspelet mellan fysisk miljö och brottslighet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on investigating the relationship between the physical environment and crime. The paper examines the Karlslund district in Landskrona, which in 2017 was designated as a particularly vulnerable area by the police. The study was conducted in order to investigate how the physical environment can be designed to prevent situations that enable crime. Furthermore, the challenges that may arise as a result of situational crime prevention work are problematized. In Karlslund, a change process is underway that is studied in the paper to gain an understanding of how crime prevention aspects are taken into account when the neighborhood is developed. The study presents qualitative data where empirical data was collected from interviews, literature and document studies. The interviews have been conducted with the Police, the Urban Development Administration, a real estate company and citizens in Landskrona. The paper presents an analysis containing the study's empirical data in combination with theories in situational crime prevention. Two essential theories in the thesis are Jane Jacobs' Eyes of the Street and CPTED, which promote human presence and social control in the urban space. The study has identified that Karlslund's large-scale buildings, street network based on the SCAFT principles and mature greenery have not met situational crime prevention aspects. The district's physical environment does not promote flows, movement, community and visibility in the area, which according to the thesis' theories are essential aspects for achieving social control. The change work in the district focuses on remedying these aspects by changing the area's street network, adding a multifunctional building, reducing greenery, adding meeting places and activities. The changes should enable social control and flows in the urban space, and promote a sense of responsibility among residents in the area. The study has identified challenges with the situational crime prevention aspects included in the change work in Karlslund. For example, the study has shown that changes in the physical environment can occur at the expense of other values. Furthermore, it has been shown that increased formal control can create movements of criminals to neighboring areas. Nevertheless, theories in crime prevention are criticized whether social control can be met through flows and human presence. The paper presents examples from Karlslund that question whether social control comes as a result of creating flows and presence and under what circumstances people are willing to intervene.

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  • 32.
    Bonilla Rasmusson, David
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    The Belt and Road Initiative: a project for development or adomestic economic solution for China?: A neo-Marxist and neo-Colonial theoretical perspective on the Belt and Road Initiative.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate that the Belt and Road Initiative, through the theory application of neo-Marxism and neo-Colonialism, is a one-sided project. These theories, from the Marxist school of thought, provide a successful analysis when studying how developed countries exploit developing countries to benefit themselves. The paper uses quantitative data with a case study analysis to demonstrate that China’s domestic issues motivated them to develop the Belt and Road Initiative. The data reveals when using the case studies of Laos, Pakistan and Montenegro, that China is using the Belt and Road Initiative to solve their excess capacity issues while endangering the economies of developing countries. As well as that, it demonstrates that the winners of the Belt and Road Initiative is China, together with its State-Owned Enterprises. Therefore, the paper concludes that the Belt and Road Initiative fits the theoretical framework of neo-Marxism and neo-Colonialism.

  • 33.
    Bornlinder Thiborg, Jesper
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Om idrottsrörelsens områdesbaserade insatser: Vilka ”problem” och institutionella logiker framträder i insatserna Idrottsklivet och Hemmaplan?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Societal challenges that deal with segregation, integration and inequality have been brought up to date and are on the political agenda. It has become more common for the state to use sport as a tool to meet these challenges. In recent times, sport has come to implement area-based initiatives in vulnerable areas. In the essay, I am interested in these. The purpose is to make visible the "problems" and institutional logics that appear in the organization of the area-based initiative, Idrottsklivet and Hemmaplan.

    Inspiration has been taken from Bacchi's method “What's the “problem” represented to be?” and theoretical starting point is taken from institutional theory, as well. In order to reach the purpose and answer my research questions, I have used interviews with officials and representatives of the sports movement, politicians, officials from the Government Office, investigators, evaluators and other researchers. In addition, a survey has been sent out to representatives of Hemmaplan. Furthermore, I have analysed application documents, press releases and other relevant documents.

    The results show that the “problems” that the area-based initiatives Idrottsklivet and Hemmaplan are supposed to solve mainly concern the lack of sport associations and lower participation in sport among children and young people in these areas. In addition, the hope is that the efforts will contribute to societal values ​​that deal with increased security, less crime and improved public health, but also to counter segregation and improve integration. In the analysis of the interventions, different institutional logics have emerged. The central logics can be attributed to the sports movement's “room for action” and politics “action power of”.

    The conclusion of the essay is that the "problems" that Idrottsklivet and Hemmaplan are supposed to solve, as well as the institutional logics, are important for the organisation of the area-based initiative.

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  • 34.
    Brodén, Markus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Ranby, Fredrik
    Street-racing: Snabbt och vårdslöst: En fallstudie i Helsingborg2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Street-racing is a worldwide and growing phenomenon, and is the source of a lot of amusement for the participants, although at the same time it is the cause of several deaths and injuries on both people and property every year. In Sweden, the problems that follow street-racing are mainly crimes against the traffic ordinance and other traffic-related laws, as well as the danger posed for both drivers, bystanders and the general public. Helsingborg as a city has long appeared on the street-race scene, and been associated with a large interest in motor and vehicles, a lot thanks to the yearly recurring Vallåkraträffen, which expresses itself through unstructured vehicle gatherings, drifting and street-racing. The following study examines and clarifies the presence of street-racing in Helsingborg, in its fullest extent, and also how affected authorities and institutions have worked to combat the problem. The most central subject of the research questions of the study was to look into how street-racing is described in Helsingborg, what kind of non-criminal problems as well as crimes it brings, and in which way can the crime preventive work improve and develop? To accomplish this, semistructured interviews were held with key informants from the Police, Helsingborg municipalities Traffic Office and crime preventive coordinator as well as representatives of The swedish motorclub. In addition to this, reports of street-racing in news articles from Helsingborg were also analyzed. This study takes the shape of an explorative case study and therefore has a qualitative and inductive focus. The results of the interviews and news-articles showed that street-racing is an increasing problem in Helsingborg and it attracts both participants and spectators not just nationally but also from other countries. Street-racing is described as a difficult challenge to solve, and the problem has a tendency of moving rather than being solved when an effort is made. By looking at previous research from countries where street-racing is even more strongly rooted, in combination with newly gathered knowledge on how the work continues on a local level in Sweden, suggestions are given on how to work effectively against street-racing. 

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  • 35.
    Brunken, Heike
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Ethnic Federalism and Conflict: How Ethnic Federalism has Impacted Ethnic-based Conflicts in Ethiopia2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis adopts a state-centric perspective to analyze the onset of armed conflict and civil war in Ethiopia. The ongoing conflict in Ethiopia serves as a single instrumental case study. Despite a large body of research on explanations of civil war, there is no consensus on factors and their salience that are generalizable and applicable to civil war occurrences as it is difficult to encapsulate the myriad dynamics at play. This case study focuses on Ethiopia because of the recent onset of civil war and its rare governance structure of ethnic federalism. The thesis focuses on how the state´s structural arrangement has impacted the politicization of ethnicity and (perceived) ethnic-based inequality and how the recent political transitions relate to this. The analysis concludes that ethnic federalism brought long-term ramifications and has resulted in inter-group animosity. It has accentuated mono-identities and government practices have contributed to ethnic fragmentation and ethnic tensions because of resulting horizontal inequalities. The political transition in the past years has failed to alleviate these tensions as repressive state practices, ethnic-based demands and mobilization as well as ethnic-based politics continue.

  • 36.
    Brunnström, Pål
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Joint University Administration and Services.
    Sjölander, Jens
    Malmö University, Joint University Administration and Services.
    Strategiska partnerskap: Ett sätt att fördjupa samverkan i Malmö?2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten har tagits fram som en del av det Vinnova-finansierade projektet Spets (Strategiska partnerskap för effektiv och transparent samverkan) och är en undersökning av den existerande samverkan som finns mellan Malmö stad och Malmö universitet, samt en diskussion om förutsättningarna för att utveckla den relationen genom ett Strategiskt partnerskap. I undersökningen har representanter på strategisk nivå inom respektive organisation intervjuats, för Malmö stad har direktörerna för kommunens olika förvaltningar kontaktats och inom Malmö universitet har rektor, vicerektorer och representanter från fakulteternas dekaner intervjuats. Följande tre punkter sammanfattar undersökningens främsta resultat:

    1. En utvecklad verksamhetsförlagd utbildning

    Samtliga intervjuade personer talar om värdet med VFU-systemet och annan form av praktik, och synpunkter lyfts om olika sätt att utveckla VFU-systemet på. Vinsterna handlar både om kunskap och färdigheter. VFU-samarbetet anses stärka så väl Malmö stads som samhällets behov av arbetskraft liksom en kunskapssäkring av praktiken. För Malmö universitet ökar det lärosätets möjligheter att främja kvalitén i utbildningen och att den ligger i linje med verksamheternas behov.

    2. Forskning för en evidens- eller kunskapsbaserad praktik

    Forskning i samverkan anses öka möjligheterna för Malmö stad att evidens- eller kunskapssäkra sin verksamhet samt utveckla praktiken för morgondagens samhälle. Möjligheten att bedriva forskning med staden innebär för Malmö universitet en möjlig tillgång till unik forskningsdata, samt en möjlighet att öka relevansen i den forskning som görs. Kommundoktorander utgör ett möjligt sätt att utveckla forskningssamverkan, men huruvida det är ett bra sätt råder delvis delade meningar, och det finns en kritik mot att kommundoktoranderna inte återvänder till Malmö stads verksamheter. Inom ramen för de samverkansarenor som skapats mellan Malmö universitet och Malmö stad sker ett arbete som de intervjuade personerna inom båda organisationerna uppfattas som positivt, och möjliggör att identifiera och utveckla gemensamma forskningsområden. Även på fakultets- respektive förvaltningsnivå sker ett samverkansarbete i mer eller mindre formaliserade samverkansorgan.

    3. Addera och komplettera

    Det finns en farhåga att ett avtal skulle kunna innebära ökad byråkratisering eller andra krav som försvårar existerande samarbetet. Ledningspersoner inom båda organisationerna uttrycker tydligt att detta inte alls är avsikten, och att ett strategiskt partnerskapsavtal inte ska störa de många välfungerande samarbeten som finns. Ett övergripande avtal ska istället ge verktyg för att skapa överblick och möjliggöra strategiska vägval vad avser forskningsinriktning eller liknande, addera nya värden till samverkan och komplettera redan existerande avtal. Något som också lyfts fram av personerna som intervjuats, inom båda organisationerna, är det strategiska partnerskapsavtalets symboliska betydelse. Det finns en lång tradition av samverkan mellan Malmö stad och Malmö universitet varför ett mer formellt synliggörande av detta uppfattas som positivt.

    Möjliga konfliktpunkter

    Även om det finns en stark samsyn om värdet med samverkan och det önskvärda i att fortsätta och fördjupa denna finns det tre punkter som framstår som potentiella konfliktytor: ekonomi, detaljstyrning och oberoende.

    Ekonomi: Från flera personer inom Malmö universitet uttrycks en önskan om att ett nytt strategiskt partnerskapsavtal också skall frigöra ekonomiska resurser för forskningsfinansiering. De intervjuade personerna från Malmö stad ställer sig genomgående mer skeptiska till det, och några menar att det är direkt skadligt för samverkan att koppla det till ekonomi.

    Detaljstyrning: Inom både Malmö stad och Malmö universitet uttrycks en farhåga att ett nytt avtal skulle innebära en högre nivå av detaljstyrning. Den här konfliktlinjen går dock snarast inom de respektive organisationerna än mellan dem där olika personer har olika synpunkter på graden av detaljstyrning.

    Oberoende: Akademisk frihet och integritet framstår som viktiga värden att adressera i ett strategiskt partnerskapsavtal. Så som det framkommer i intervjuerna finns det idag inget problem i vare sig universitetets eller stadens inställning, men det lyfts fram som ett tema som är centralt att kodifiera i ett avtal.

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    Brunnström Sjölander - Strategiska partnerskap 2020
  • 37.
    Bruun, Signe Prip
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Beyond Conflict: NATO's Just Securitization of Russia2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the ethical implications of NATO securitizing Russia without being in direct warfare,seeking to contribute to the debate of the integration of ethics into IR. This thesis contributes to that argument by integrating ethical dimensions of normative character through Floyd's Just Security Theory (JST) within the framework of social constructivism to develop new theoretical insights. The research is structured around theresearch question exploring how NATO's identity construction undergoes changes due to the tense relationship withRussia. The formation of identity plays a crucial role in threat construction. The findings from Rousseau andGarcia- Retamero's Threat Assessment, revealed through NATO Annual Reports, confirm the fluidity of NATO's identity construction and its designation of Russia as a threat. The second portion of the research question suggestthat attributing a threat status to another actor in the international system has significant ethical implications, necessitating ethical considerations in the securitization process and its influence on security discourse. The thesis findings support the need for ethical considerations, while acknowledging that these considerations aresubject to critique based on the chosen theoretical framework. It emphasizes the need for ethical considerations in the securitization process, and by extension in IR; and argues for the moral justifiability of NATO's securitization of Russia.

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  • 38.
    Carnesten, Samina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Inte bara adopterad: En kvalitativ studie av transnationellt adopterades perspektiv på identitet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the podcast Adoptionspodden was examined in order to gain an understanding of international adoption, and the effects on an individual's identity from the adoptee´s point of view. Here are the following questions used in the examination, how are discussions about identity in the Adoptionspodden formulate and why does it take place in that way, has the formation of the identity been affected by being adopted from abroad and if so in which way and in which way can an international adoption affect an individual according to those who are adopted themselves?

    The study was done using qualitative research methods by analyzing quotes from different episodes of the Adoptionspodden to understand and explain the effects of being adopted. The theories that became relevant to this study were attachment theory, identity theory, and white normative. The results of the study showed that the discussed topics in the podcast can be linked to identity, for example, racism and attachment. In several episodes of Adoptionspodden, the adoptees speak about attachment and address experiences of separation and trauma and how it has affected their lives. When the adoptees talk about racism, they talked about how they have been treated differently by the society because of their skin color. Furthermore, the adoptees that get interviewed in the podcast express a form of denial about the existence of racism in society. Also, the adoptees talk about their feeling towards the debt of gratitude. The study shows that the events an individual has experienced have affected the formation of identity. 

  • 39.
    Chahrour, Jasmin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Trygghet: - En fallstudie i Kroksbäck2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis aims to study security from a residential perspective. The study has been carried out using a qualitative method with interviews and walking-along tours, it has a basis in a geographically defined case study of the residential area Kroksbäck. There are many different approaches and methods to improve security in residential areas. This can be done both through physical design, by separating them from public places, and through social initiatives, for example by investing in meeting places and to encourage movement in the area. The results of studies show that there is a strong connection between youth gangs and the physical environment that contributes to the insecurity in the area. It is very clear what needs to change in the area in order to have increased security among the residents and that is improvement of lighting, several activities that contribute to more activity in the area and security walkingalong both in the evening and during the day to get an insight into the problems which are related to safety in the residential area.

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  • 40.
    Christiansen, Ailyn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    How are Cybersecurity Threats, in the Form of Disinformation Campaigns, Reflected on the Security Measures They Inspire?: A Case Study of the Responses to Russian Election Meddling in Mexico, Brazil and Spain2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The contemporary topic and fear of information attacks making their way and altering the course of democratic elections is a common one for many nations at current times. New technologies, cyberspace, and the increasing risk of hybrid warfare, as well as the little and vague regulation present to manage these, pose an intimidating threat to nations trying to uphold their liberal democratic values; and the nations taking advantage of this new-found form of influence are well aware of this.

    This thesis centres on the topic of disinformation campaigns by the Russian state in foreign elections, namely those of Spain, Brazil, and Mexico. Particularly, it analyses the response policies from these nations, along with coordinated institutions, as a means of addressing these threats. Taking inspiration from Constructivist theory, and making use of the tools of comparative research, this paper conducts a thorough but straightforward analysis, searching for answers to its research question, and ultimately arriving at logic-founded conclusions regarding the importance of context in policy analysis, and the study of global security, and more importantly how its role is explained on the cases at hand.

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  • 41.
    Christiansen, Sabrina Louise
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    THE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE WORLD’S GREATEST SPORT: A Normative Study of Professional Football Clubs’ Corporate Social Responsibility in the Case of their Players Committing Gender-based Violence2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis illustrates the moral responsibility which men’s professional football clubs should take on when their male players commit gender-based violence against women. Through an argumentative analysis this thesis presents arguments for and against a moral responsibility of the clubs when their male players commit such crimes. The analysis is based upon the notion of CSR while it applies Martha Nussbaum’s capabilities approach to the responsibilities within men’s football clubs’ CSR. The analysis introduces arguments for and against moral responsibility of CSR as well as the violent and masochistic culture amongst players and fans.

  • 42. Claesson, Cornelia
    et al.
    Bergström, Julia
    "Det är roligare att jobba med människor än att hålla på och bygga saker": En undersökning om killars upplevelser av Vård- och omsorgsprogrammet2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gymnasieskolans program är könssegregerade vilket kan resultera i att individer begränsas i sina val på grund av könsroller. För killar ses gymnasievalet som mer begränsat om de tenderar att upprätthålla samhällets maskulinitetsnormer. Syftet med undersökningen är att synliggöra killars upplevelser av att göra ett normbrytande val. Genom att lyfta fram de påverkansfaktorer som finns kan studie- och yrkesvägledare få en ökad medvetenhet för normbrytande val och stötta elever i att göra välgrundade gymnasieval. Undersökningens frågeställningar är: Vad upplever killar låg bakom valet av vård- och omsorgsprogrammet?, Hur upplever de valet idag? samt Hur upplever de att de blivit bemötta i sina val utifrån könsföreställningar och könsnormer? 

    För att besvara frågeställningarna har vi använt en kvalitativ metod där vi genomfört sju semistrukturerade intervjuer med killar som går eller nyligen har gått Vård- och omsorgsprogrammet. För att analysera det empiriska materialet har vi använt oss av följande teorier och teoretiska begrepp: Habitus, Careership, Maskulinitetsteorin samt teorin om begränsningar och kompromisser.

    Ett resultat i undersökningen är att killarna valde VO för att de ville hjälpa människor vilket har sitt ursprung i deras uppväxt. Samtliga upplever idag att de är nöjda med sitt val av gymnasieprogram. Resultatet visar att förväntningarna på de som killar har varierat och att de upplevt både positivt och negativt bemötande utifrån könsföreställningar och könsnormer.

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  • 43.
    Connaughton, Mark
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Navigating the Housing Pathways of Newcomers in Ireland2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents research into the housing pathways of newcomers in Ireland who receive status to remain in the country and come through the Irish direct provision reception system. In the global context of financialisation of housing and local context of state reliance on the private market to provide housing to all sections of society, cities in Ireland are experiencing severe housing crises like many other cities across the globe, characterised by shortage, increasing rents and persistent homelessness rates. Meanwhile, in response to increased migration and heightened border anxieties, Ireland has sought to deter forced migrants, in this case with dispersed and unattractive direct provision reception centres. What happens then to newcomers with status to remain in Ireland, an already particularly vulnerable group in the housing system, when they have to enter this system in crisis after year-long stays in dispersed reception centres? This thesis addresses this question, looking at the specific effects of the Irish housing regime, with its unique local and recognisable global characteristics, and Irish reception policy, with its particular direct provision system, on newcomers’ search for housing.

    For context, the historical development and current features of the Irish housing regime, as well as migration and reception policy are traced and outlined. The thesis then tracks previous literature from international and Irish settings that deals with the issue of housing for newcomers in the Global North, including the historical development of the field and its current trends. The research design makes use of a cross-sectional, mixed-method approach to achieve its objectives. Using a constructionist housing pathways framework of analysis, accompanied by important concepts from thinkers such as Lefebvre, Agamben and Bengtsson & Borevi, the research draws on a mixture of surveys and follow-up interviews to examine the constraints, structures, strategies and outcomes of households when they have been granted status to remain in Ireland and must leave reception centres and find their own housing. The research identifies identity and power as two crucial factors in the navigation of housing pathways for newcomers and shows the detrimental effect of the retreat of the state from housing provision and reliance on marketised social housing provision on the right to housing for this group. Finally, the thesis recommends potential future studies and the policy implications of the research, in light of the difficulties of finding housing through the HAP scheme reported in this research, urge caution for proposed further reliance on marketised social housing provision for newcomers.

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  • 44.
    Czyż, Iga Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    PiS-led Government's Opposition to the Istanbul Convention in Poland: An Analysis of the Rhetoric and Tactics used by the Law and Justice Party’s led Government in their Opposition to the Istanbul Convention2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The government in Poland led by the Law and Justice party (PiS) and characterized by its anti-genderism and right-wing populist politics, is framing its opposition to the Istanbul Convention in human rights language. This leads to a puzzling occurrence of the women’s rights Convention being opposed with rights rhetoric. This puzzle was addressed in the thesis by investigating how the PiS-led government is mimicking human rights rhetoric in their opposition to the Convention. That was done in accordance with the ‘Rights as Weapons’ theory, developed by Bob Clifford. Findings revealed that the PiS-led government in their right rhetoric denies the necessity, effectiveness, and apoliticality of the Convention, invokes fears, presents Polish society as victims of 'gender ideology,' and puts forward opposing rights to those enshrined in the Convention. Moreover, their rights rhetoric heavily relies on fear, misinformation, and misinterpretation of the Convention.

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  • 45.
    da Silva Carvalho, Ana Filipa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    "Doing" masculinity in police work: A study of the narratives of 'becoming' a police officer in Sweden2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Police officer has been conventionally regarded as a masculine occupation, where values such as strength, aggressivity and, bravery are commemorated. In Sweden, a country that is highly regarded for its gender equality status, understanding how police officers navigate gendered expectations is crucial to understand the implications of gender in policing. The aim of this thesis is to understand the role of masculinity in the everyday practices that define a police officer. For this purpose, a process of triangulation combines discourse analysis of the National education plan for police and the three videos from the campaign “Are you ready for a bigger assignment?” [“Är du redo för en större upgift?”], together with the narrative interviews of six police officers. The findings show that masculinity works as a normative standard in police work and influences narratives and role constructions of crime and justice. Policewomen are excluded through the diffusion of stories about risky situations, discursive gendered boundaries and ‘punishing’ feminine practices.

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  • 46.
    Dagsberg, Jennifer
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersen, Nadja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hur och om fastighetsmäklarens ålder och yrkeserfarenhet har inverkan på kundens val av fastighetsmäklare2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: How and if the real estate agent's age and professional experience affect the client's choice of broker

    Level: Bachelor's thesis

    Author: Jennifer Dagsberg and Nadja Andersen

    Supervisor: Peter Karpestam

    Date: May 2021

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to contribute to an increased understanding of the factors that affect the customer's choice of broker.

    Method: The method chosen for the study is a quantitative research approach. After collecting answers from a web-based survey, which was answered by 138 respondents, a compilation has been made. This empirical material has been analyzed in the program SPSS where correlation analysis, group statistics analysis and various t-tests have been performed. This is to get results for the questions answered by those who have sold and those who have not sold, but also the questions answered by everyone.

    Result: The results of the study show that age has an impact on the customer's choice of real estate agent, but not to the same extent as professional experience. Respondents of the different ages who have both sold and not sold gave answers that indicate that they would mainly choose a broker with over 5 years of professional experience. When asked directly about the broker's age's significance, all respondents answered that it was neither or. On the other hand, in questions about the ideal broker's age, a result is demonstrated where age matters to some extent.

    Keywords: professional experience, age, real estate agent

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  • 47.
    Dahlinger, Sandra
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI). Landskrona Stad.
    Valkompetens: En kvantitativ studie om lärares arbete med valkompetens för elever inom obligatorisk skola2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swapping programs or dropping out of upper secondary school has financial consequences for the school as well as society and the individual. Developing Career Management Skills (CMS) in primary school is seen as a way to achieve change. CMS is described by the Swedish National Education Agency as knowledge and skills individuals need to develop to be able to make well-founded choices for the future. It is all personnel’s, in primary school, task to work with. The purpose of CMS is thus to benefit society and the labor market, hence the connection of this study to occupational science. Since CMS benefits to be integrated into teaching for long-term development, this study's target group is teachers. The essay studies the work with CMS within primary school from a teacher's perspective as well as their knowledge and familiarity with the concept of CMS. The study also brings to light teachers' view of the distribution of CMS work in addition to a critical examination of the Swedish translation based on previous research and the empirical work of this study. The study is a contribution in the field of occupational science: career development and career guidance.The study's theoretical framework relates to institutional theory´s decoupling and isomorphism and curriculum theory of the relationship between society's demands, the governing documents and the practice within schools. The quantitative method is used with the intention of studying several responses linked to the purpose of the study and shows that CMS as a concept is unknown to teachers and that the work with CMS is based on subjective interpretations of the concept. The work is carried out by teachers in relation to the curriculum, but not always in relation to the Swedish National Education Agency’s description of CMS. The main responsibility for the work is seen by the majority as the entire schools, but empirical evidence shows that governance in relation to the concept is lacking. Since the concept is not accepted and open to interpretation, the study sees the problem of connecting CMS as it’s taught to the explanation of the concept. And further to get the desired effect in upper secondary school.

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  • 48. Di Feliciantonio, Cesare
    et al.
    Dagkouli-Kyriakoglou, Myrto
    The housing pathways of lesbian and gay youth and intergenerational family relations: a Southern European perspective2022In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 414-434Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the heteronormativity of the increasing field of studies around intergenerationalfamily relations within asset-based welfare systems, the paper analyses the housing pathwaysof lesbian and gay young people, focusing on family intergenerational relations and theimplications concerning emotional, private and sexual life. The paper focuses on Greece andItaly, two countries characterized by the so-called ‘Southern European’ model of welfaresystem centred around the family. Given the persistence of homo/lesbophobia, this processpushes lesbian and gay youth to negotiate between housing choices and personal lives inambivalent ways. The housing strategies analysed are regrouped into four categories: i) thereturn to the family house; ii) the dependence on the family of origin to buy or rent; iii)international migration to be more autonomous; iv) the experience of alternative housingmodels, mostly squatting, or sharing (including Airbnb). Our categorization must not beinterpreted as fixed or immutable since people might try different solutions over time.

  • 49.
    Dmytriak, Oksana
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    van der Graaf, Isabelle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Reker, Pia Luisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Surfing communities and their potential for grassroots evnironmentalism: A comparison of Ukraine and Germany2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper aims to study the lack of local grassroots initiatives in surfing communities by comparing Ukrainian and German contexts. Hence, a qualitative and inductive approach is used. The scope of the research question is explored, by analysing the effects of individual motivators and societal factors needed for GRI formation in active and connected surfing communities. It is further analysed how these motivators are developed and influenced in Germany and Ukraine taking the theories of ecopsychology, social learning and social capital as the framework and analytical lens. Key findings highlight a certain degree of potential for Ukrainian GRIs in surfing communities, while an intense amount of limiting factors is found. Moreover, the chosen comparative context of Ukraine and Germany reveals relevant findings from the collected data, that reveals a low level of trust towards the governments and a low self-efficacy level in Ukraine, while a high level of trust and high self-efficacy was observed in Germany. The research provides relevant insights about the increasing popularity of surfing as a sport, niche, and potential social movement towards environmental activism and sustainable development.

    Key words: grassroots initiatives, GRIs, environmental activism, environmentalism, surfing movements, surfing communities, ecopsychology, social learning, social capital, Ukraine, Germany, EU.

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  • 50.
    Donati, Letizia
    et al.
    Univ Florence, Dept Econ & Management, Via Pandette 32, I-50127 Florence, Italy..
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A legitimacy approach to social innovation initiatives at universities2022In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 194-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A striving for research excellence and the implementation of third mission activities in the form of technology transfer have become standard practices at modern higher education institutions. The recent call for universities to include social innovation in their third mission and the apparent lack of involvement of universities in this area indicate that social innovation is not yet perceived as a legitimate activity by the academic community. We examine why this is the case and disentangle the legitimation journey of social innovation in research-intensive environments.

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