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  • 1.
    Agarwal, Pankhuri
    et al.
    University of Bristol.
    Djampour, PouranLinköping University.Farsakoglu, EdaLund University.Kolankiewicz, MartaLund University.Lundberg, ToveLund University.Nordling, VannaMalmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).Scott, KatrineUniversity Collage Copenhage.Sixtensson, JohannaMalmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).Söderman, EmmaLund University.
    The Politics and Ethics of Representation in Qualitative Research: Addressing Moments of Discomfort2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers insights on politics and ethics of representation that are relevant to researchers concerned with struggles for justice. It takes moments of discomfort in the qualitative research process as important sites of knowledge for exploring representational practices in critical research.

    The Politics and Ethics of Representation in Qualitative Research draws on experiences from research processes in nine PhD projects. In some chapters, ethical and political dilemmas related to representational practices are analyzed as experienced in fieldwork. In others, the focus is on the production of representation at the stage of writing. The book deals with questions such as: What does it mean to write about the lives of others? How are ethics and politics of representation intertwined, and how are they distinct? How are politics of representation linked to a practice of solidarity in research? What are the im/possibilities of hope and care in research?

    Drawing on grounded empirical research, the book offers input to students, PhDs, researchers, practitioners, activists and others dealing with methodological dilemmas from a critical perspective. Instead of ignoring discomforts, or describing them as solved, we stay with them, showing how such a reflective process provides new, ongoing insights.

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  • 2.
    Ahonen, Aila
    et al.
    JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Kristianstad University.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility in Team Sport Clubs: Two Cases from Sweden and Finland2020In: Sport Entrepreneurship and Public Policy: Building a New Approach to Policy-making for Sport / [ed] Vanessa Ratten, Springer Nature, 2020, 1, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and large sport clubs, in big cities or in the countryside, need to respond to external pressures created by social, financial and environmental factors. These pressures may come from the commercial environment, communities, national governing bodies, or political stakeholders. This chapter introduces the reader to the current pressures faced by Nordic sport clubs and the entrepreneurs’ role in the clubs’ development through the lens of entrepreneurship, and especially social entrepreneurship. This chapter addresses the role of the entrepreneur in relation to the triple bottom line of corporate social responsibility (CSR)—economy, environment, and society—in the context of Finnish and Swedish team sport clubs by using two football clubs as examples.

  • 3.
    Alemán Martínez, Andrea Nicolle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Silent Exodus: A study on Gender-Based Violence and Migration Decision-Making of Women from Honduras in the USA2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the role of GBV in the decision-making process of Honduran women that migrate to the U.S. Drawing upon de Haas’s aspirations-capabilities framework, this study aims to understand women’s aspirations to migrate and their interplay within a broader societal context. The study relies on the use of semi-structured interviews to identify recurring themes in women’s narrated experiences and produce a nuanced understanding of how these experiences impacted their migration decisions. Findings reveal that GBV served as a point of inflection for Honduran women to migrate, motivated by the perceived risk of perpetual revictimization within an intrinsically patriarchal society. Furthermore, hopelessness in state institutions and social actors to change these power dynamics, proved influential in their lack of aspiration to return. This study contributes to the field of female international migration studies, and advocates for policy reform that addresses the prevailing issue of GBV in Honduras. 

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    Aleman
  • 4.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Sharing knowledge: Neuroscience and the circulation of medical knowledge2020In: Movement of knowledge: Medical humanities perspectives on medicine, science, and experience / [ed] Kristofer Hansson; Rachel Irwin, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2020, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the views on medical knowledge and its circulation from the perspective of a privileged group – the scientists themselves who are the main actors in producing medical knowledge. The concept of sharing knowledge helps to highlight how knowledge circulation is affected by digitalisation, which changes scientific working conditions and sometimes makes sharing problematic. It reveals the underlying idea of knowledge as an exclusive property and the frictions that occur when this idea is challenged.

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  • 5.
    Al-Khawaja, Khadija
    et al.
    Hochschule Stralsund.
    Tammimi, Amouna
    UNRWA Health Centre.
    Lundsfryd Stendevad, Mette Edith
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Palestinian women of Syria mobilising to influence knowledge production2023In: Forced Migration Review, ISSN 1460-9819, E-ISSN 2051-3070, no June, p. 5-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The voices of Palestinian women of Syria are often silenced in knowledge produced in humanitarian research and practice. ‘Speaking back’ sessions provide crucial insights into these women’s experiences and their relevance for discussions on rights mobilisation.

    Forced migrants are often asked to share parts of their lives with journalists, researchers and humanitarian professionals. Knowledge production is part and parcel of humanitarian practice: humanitarian actors endlessly collect, share and analyse testimonies from marginalised peoples in order to access funding and distribute aid. However, research participants’ wider stories and experiences are often silenced. They are seldom asked to take part in these processes and have little influence over how their words, voices and images are framed. Few researchers have actively engaged in how to empower participants from marginalised communities to act as consultants and experts that inform dialogues on knowledge production about their own communities.

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  • 6.
    Ananeh-Frempong, Mercy A. T.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Vertical Communication in Hierarchical Societies: The Khmer Rouge Model2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project employs qualitative content analysis (QCA) and secondary data to examine howNyamnjoh’s (2016, p. 25-29) analysis of vertical communication processes in hierarchical societies explains the social hierarchy and communication processes that manifested in Democratic Kampuchea (DK) under the rule of the Khmer Rouge (KR) between 1975-1979. This study argues that although Nyamnjoh’s analysis does not capture the complexity ofDemocratic Kampuchea’s (DK) social hierarchy and communication processes in terms of the outright replacement of one hierarchy by another, the negotiation of meaning, and the circularity of power, it is still effective in explaining the power dynamics, representation practices, andsocial communication processes of the Khmer Rouge (KR) leadership in Democratic Kampuchea (DK) and similar contexts of vertical communication processes in hierarchical societies.

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  • 7.
    Andersen, Bengt
    et al.
    Oslo Metropolitan University.
    Gerell, Manne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). NOA UND, Polisen.
    Sandkjær Hanssen, Gro
    Oslo Metropolitan University.
    NOU 2020:16: Levekår i byer. Gode lokalsamfunn for alle.2021In: Nordic Journal of Urban Studies, ISSN 2703-8866, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 78-90, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban issues such as poverty or marginality and disadvantage, unrest, crime, housing, segregation and social cohesion are on the political and academic agenda in Europe and in the US (Andersen, 2002; Atkinson, 2019; Galster, 1990; Gerell & Kronkvist, 2017; Mayer, Thörn, & Thörn, 2016; Uslaner, 2012; Wacquant, 2008). As indicated, policymakers devise strategies to address such problems (Andersson, Wimark, & Malmberg, 2020; Damm, Nielsen, Mattana, & Rouland, 2020; Davis, 2019; George & Patrick, 2017; van Gent et al., 2018; van Gent & Musterd, 2013). This also holds true for Norway (e.g. Andersen & Brattbakk, 2020).

    In Norway, the Government or a specific ministry may appoint a committee to report on an issue of relevance. The results are published as an Official Norwegian Report – Norges offentlige utredninger (NOU) in Norwegian. While it can be argued that urban issues are not a political priority in Norway, the current conservative Government – led by prime minister Erna Solberg – did appoint a committee to examine living conditions in Norwegian cities. The Norwegian Commission for City and Living Conditions presented its NOU on 16 December 2020 (NOU 2020:16). The report is important as it summarizes the latest knowledge on the topic and provides recommendations for future Norwegian urban policies. Hence, it is worth a thorough and critical review.

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  • 8.
    Andersen, Mathias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Propaganda For Peace2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to examine how pro-Ukrainian versus pro-Russian propagandists wage information warfare on social media. A relevant topic for International Relations, where understanding information warfare has increasingly become central, as global political life is increasingly going digital. Various gaps, however, was identified in the previous literature on the matter: Primarily, a lack of insight into pro-Ukrainian propaganda, with the majority of the previous scholars covering pro-Russian examples. Furthermore, there were unsettled debates in the previous literature, questioning whether wartime propaganda is even conducted on any significant scale by democratic states, or whether it is primarily an occupation of authoritarian regimes. To help resolve these debates, this paper constructed a research design, where a mixed methodology of content analysis and social network analysis have been applied to analyze a total, representative sample of 1247 YouTube-comments debating allegations of war crimes in the Russo-Ukrainian War. The results of this analysis show that the pro-Ukrainian propaganda is significantly more prevalent in the online debates (based on quantities of comments) and are also remarkably more influential than pro-Russian propagandists (based on in-degree centrality). These findings are inconsistent with previous literature describing overt use of propaganda as a more common feature of authoritarian regimes, which could suggest that there are some exceptions to democratic nations’ otherwise highly valued principle of more liberal and pluralist communications, e.g., against illiberal regimes existentially threatening the peace of the democratic state (in line with the prepositions of democratic peace theory, describing how democratic states, generally, do not engage in unpopular and destructive warfare, expect in exceptional cases against authoritarian regimes who are threatening the liberal peace). 

  • 9.
    Andersen, Rikke Hoelgaard
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    The Filtering Out Of Hate Crime In The Criminal Justice System: A Qualitative Study Of Police Investigation In Denmark2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hate crime has emerged as a new ‘crime problem’ in Denmark, which has led to legislative adjustments and requirements of the police to improve identification, registration and handling of hate crime. International research shows that the investigation of hate crime is a complex issue not least because hate crime is legally not a crime category but an aggravating circumstance in principle to any crime. There exist no studies of hate crime policing in Denmark, and this study aims to fill a knowledge gap by a qualitative exploration of the processing of hate crime in the criminal justice system in a Danish context and from the perspective of the police, which is a relatively overlooked perspective. Specifically, the study explores why many hate crimes are filtered out through the criminal justice system, and through a thematic analysis the study identifies a number of challenges on a legal, organizational and practise level, that all contributes to a filtering out of hate crime throughout the Danish criminal justice system. Goldstein’s theory of problem-oriented policing is used as framework to discuss the implications of law in hate crime policing. The Danish police is expected to deal more effectively with the hate crime problem, and more knowledge on what works in hate crime policing is needed.

     

    Keywords: Hate crime, investigation, criminal justice processing, problem-oriented policing, thematic analysis.  

     

  • 10.
    Andersson, Cajsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    EXTERNAL ENABLERS OF COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ACTORS ENGAGING IN THE CIRCULARECONOMY2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy has emerged as a tool for addressing the current linear economic system, producing massive amounts waste and exacerbating climate change. During the recent crises and instabilities, the potential of the circular economy has been further highlighted.However, the concept remains undefined, and little is known of its implementation inpractice. This thesis explores the circular economy and its implementation among six Swedish commercial real estate actors, through interviews and an investigation of their official documents, with the aim of discovering signs of the circular economy, how those signs have emerged and the knowledge and capabilities necessary to capitalize on them. The External Enablers Framework by Davidsson et al. (2020) is used to find the external enablers thatfacilitate a shift towards more circular business practices. The thesis discovers multiple signs of circularity in the empirical material, in targets, strategies and activities. It also identifies several external enablers potentially impacting the implementation of circular activities in existing real estate ventures, such as collaboration networks, climate change awareness andthe recent crises and instabilities. The real estate actors themselves also potentially influence the industry around them towards circularity, in an ecosystem of enablement.

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  • 11. Andersson Cederholm, Erika
    et al.
    Jacobsson, Katarina
    Leppänen, Vesa
    Säwe, Filippa
    Lunds universitet.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Servicemötets gnissel och skav2014Book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Leveaux, Marcus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Berättelsen om Öresundsmetron: En diskursanalys av motiv och argument kring utvecklandet av Öresundsmetron2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to investigate and understand the stories of one of the largest infrastructure projects to date in southern Sweden, the Öresund Metro. We want to understand how different public actors, in different scales of decision making, influence how we see and understand the Öresund Metro. By doing this, we hoped to create knowledge about relations and the balance of power between the mentioned public actors. How is the story of the potential project told and why? What is the goal for the different narrators? To understand these goals and connections, we also need to present and interpret the Swedish regionalization process, which has been studied within a collection of theoretical concepts that have been analyzed. Interviews and document studies are conducted to create knowledge about the three selected public actors' lines of argument around the Öresund Metro. The result of the studies is that there is a basic consensus between the public actors regarding the development and the theoretical aspect, but that there are contradictions between the visions and goals of different actors. We observed that there are also structural problems in how the planning process should be carried out in a smooth manner.

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  • 13.
    Andersson Serreli, Vendela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den delade studentbostaden: Om arkitekturens inverkan på människan och viktiga kvaliteter i hemmiljö2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The quality of the home environment have a direct impact on the individual’s living conditions and influence the quality of life. Student residential belongs to the category of temporary homes, which implies less expectations on the quality of the accommodation due to legislation. This becomes problematic since the students, generally spend many hours in their home and the home environment usually also works as place for studies. Student residential as both a home and work space is a relevant aspect in the design of future student housing, since the expected spread of digitized education. The aim of the thesis is to identify what constitutes good student housing. In order to understand that, the relationship between the built environment and people, the perception of home environment and housing, which architectural qualities contribute to the well- being of the home and have a positive impact on the experience of home environment, which needs that can be considered as humanly unifying and which specific needs and preferencesthat exist within the target group of students are investigated. The theoretical framework has been formed from the scientific fields of architecture, sociology, psychology and philosophy. Arguments made at different times are seen in comparison to each other and illustrate how the view of the home and its primary functions changes over time. Literature and database searches result in the compilation of eight indicators that are important to consider in the design of future student housing, these are; context, spatial form, daylight and indoor climate, levels of socialand private, the positioning of spaces in relation to each other, enclosure versus openness, opportunity for variety and materials and detailis.The indicators serve as a guide in the designof a design proposal for a student residence in Malmö. To meet all these needs in a dwelling solution, limited by the students’ budget and efficiency requirements, a concept for a shared flat directed to two students was developed. Two students living together was also a strategy applied to make it easier incorporating with the social community, in the building between the students and in the city between the students and the university life. To share a situation with a personin the same circumstances are described by the students as one way of increase the experienceof safety. When people feel safe a will to explore arise which leads to personal development. A drawing analysis of four existing student residences in Malmö and an understanding from Malmö University’s Campus Plan 2040 have contributed with additional elements to the analysis, based on the awareness of the impact of place and context in designing good architecture. For further understanding of the target group, five university students living in Malmö have been interviewed on issues related to qualities and needs at home and views on home environment and student housing. The designed outcome were presented to the students and led to a deeper discussion on life in student residential which parts that experienced good and what could be improved and the challenging issues could be identified in the design proposal. The conversations with the students confirmed previous research in the areas of perception in home environment and student housing, thus also the relevance of the indicators. The interviews led to suggestions for further development of the design proposal and a discussion about the complexity of the design of student housing, due to competing values that are put in relation to each other. The study shows that a need for personal expression and flexibility within the dwelling and a balance between privacy and interaction is required. Both privacy, identity formation and access to community are seen as particularly important in the formative period of life while studying. These subjects are, together with the indicators, seen as areas for further investigation and as a reply on what today’s student housing, to varying degrees, lacks and can thus be a suggestion for what should be developed further in the design of future student housing.

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  • 14.
    Antonsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Svensson, Ellen
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    KAMERAÖVERVAKNING - INTEGRITETSKRÄNKANDE ELLER INTE?: PÅVERKAS INDIVIDERS VARDAGLIGA LIV?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to examine what citizens think about camera surveillance and how it affects their day to day life. The question at issue was answered through structured interviews carried out at Stortorget in central Malmö. The interviews resulted in 119 participants and the material was processed with both a qualitative and quantitative approach. The result corresponds with previous research which shows that Swedish citizens view camera surveillance positively, the overall trend is that approximately  80% of Swedes are positive towards camera surveillance in public places. Furthermore, the results show a conflict between integrity and security, as the study shows that camera surveillance violates the integrity of certain individuals. In addition, the results are linked to theories of power and Foucault's thoughts on Panopticon. Where a constantly monitoring eye can affect individuals' life patterns, as they are normalized into what is seen as right by whoever is in power. However, the study shows that only a few individuals consider themselves affected by camera surveillance in their everyday life. Suggestions for further research are to conduct more in-depth and open interviews with participants, this in order to more deeply understand their reasoning. It would also be interesting to research how material from camera surveillance is being processed according to laws and regulations. 

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  • 15.
    Apprecht, Anna-Lisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Another Promise for Peace?: A Power Critical Exploration of Germany’s Feminist Foreign Policy2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores what kind of ‘problems’ Germany’s official Feminist Foreign Policy (FFP) guidelines represent and aims to address this field via a poststructural policy analysis inspired by Foucauldian discourse analysis. The analysis follows six analytical questions starting with “What is the ‘problem’ represented to be?”, also known as the WPR approach by Bacchi and Goodwin. By applying such WPR approach, the analysis investigates ‘problem’ representations, embedded discourses and their power relations as well as silences, effects and alternatives within FFP. The main findings reveal how FFP problematizes equal participation, representation of and opportunities for women and marginalized people as a matter of rights and as instruments bringing peace, security and stability while also requiring special protection. Such representations predominantly entail liberal and global feminist perspectives with neoliberal tendencies. Despite standing in contrast to one another, they borrow from intersectional and postcolonial discourses and feminisms. Moreover, the liberal rights-discourse constructs women as a homogenous group while intersectionality acknowledges differences. Instead of radically questioning persisting power structures, dominant neoliberal discourses effectively construct women as important change-makers and equality as a factor everyone supposedly would benefit from the various discourses trigger an othering-effect making women and marginalized people still the other.

  • 16.
    Arespång, Sofia
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Så länge jag är frisk vill jag jobba!: Fyra berättelser om att vara motiverad yrkesverksam aktiv pensionär.2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många seniorer väljer att arbeta efter pensioneringen. Denna rapport handlar om fyra berättelser av personer som har fortsatt att arbeta efter att ha passerat pensionsålder. Ur ett karriärutvecklingsperspektiv undersöker jag vilka faktorer i seniorernas berättelser som har lett till att fortsätta att arbeta efter 65, vad som motiverar till att vidareutvecklas och hur tillvaron ser ut runt dessa personer ut ett helhetsperspektiv. Syftet med denna undersökning är att få en skildring om seniorernas upplevelser av att vara yrkesverksamma efter pensioneringen. Dessa berättelser är av intresse för vägledningsprofessionen då det saknas studier och forskning i en svensk kontext om seniorer som arbetar efter 65 år.

        Uppsatsen utgår från en kvalitativ narrativ metod. Fyra halvstrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fyra yrkesverksamma pensionärer. Med intervjun som underlag, författades fyra berättelser. Empirin analyserades med utvalda begrepp från två teorier: System Theory Framework (STF) och Life-span Life-space. Resultatet visar att informanterna erbjöds möjlighet att fortsätta att arbeta för de har kompetenser som efterfrågas. Samtliga informanter upplevde att de hade mer att ge, och valde att fortsätta med sina respektive karriärer. Resultatet visar också att dessa personer har levt gynnsamma, aktiva, sociala liv och har utbildning. Informanternas karriärer förstås som summan av olika val som har gjorts över tid. Dessa val gör att de lever de liv de har idag. De vill fortsätta arbeta det så länge de är friska och orkar. Att vidareutvecklas och lära sig nya saker är också en stark motivationsfaktor.

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  • 17. Arias-Schreiber, Milena
    et al.
    Säwe, Filippa
    Lunds universitet.
    Hultman, Johan
    Linke, Sebastian
    Addressing social sustainability for small-scale fisheries in Sweden: Institutional barriers for implementing the small-scale fisheries guidelines.2017In: The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: Global Implementation, Berlin: Springer, 2017, p. 717-736Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Backman, Jyri
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Ishockeyns affärer: en jämförelse mellan svensk och finsk elitishockey2021In: Vårt gemensamma innanhav: Finskt och svenskt kring Östersjön, Göteborg och Helsingfors: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg och Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten , 2021, p. 101-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bahtiri, Dorentina
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). Tina.
    Murici, Blerta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    “GO FOR THE MONEY”: - EN MÅL-PROCESSUTVÄRDERING AV OPERATION KLÖVER2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The government assignment Tillsammans mot brott has increased the prioritization of and interest in inter-agency collaboration. This forms the background to Operation Klöver where eight different swedish actors were involved; the Police, Customs, Enforcement officer, Work-environment authority, Environmental administration, Tax agency, Northwest rescue service and the Social Insurance Agency. The risk with these kinds of collaborations is that such forms of work are initiated as a pure intrinsic value and without taking into account the necessary conditions needed for their collaboration to enhance their crime-fighting and crime prevention rather than inhibit it. The purpose of this goal-process evaluation is therefore to give the actors involved in Operation Klöver an overview of their work in relation to the operation's second goal, to develop inter-agency collaborations. The hope is that their workmethods can be developed to, if possible, become more suitable for its purpose and that their crime-fighting and crime prevention can be developed and continued in the future. The central queries are: What are the guidelines or conditions for collaboration between the various actors? and How have the involved actors experienced that the collaboration has worked before, during and after Operations Klöver’s implementation? The results from this show that the actors have very good conditions for collaboration and that all actors have been satisfied with each other's work and are positive about future inter-agency collaboration. 

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  • 20.
    Bardzell, Jeffrey
    et al.
    Penn State Univ, State Coll, PA 16801 USA..
    Bardzell, Shaowen
    Penn State Univ, State Coll, PA 16801 USA..
    Light, Ann
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Univ Sussex, Brighton, E Sussex, England..
    Wanting To Live Here: Design After Anthropocentric Functionalism2021In: CHI '21: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2021 CHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS, ACM Digital Library, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design research has recently turned to theoretical perspectives, including care ethics and posthumanism, to counter the industrial processes that have led to climate crisis. As design theorists and ethnographers of interaction, we researched experimental eco-farming in a community that shared many of these theoretical and ideological commitments. Our goal was not to offer an account of use and provide design implications in support of it. Instead, we chose to identify concrete practices and artifacts that embody the sorts of industrial transformations that we are seeking-even if they are manifest in an imperfect or partial form. We encountered practices focused on community building, local resilience to climate disruptions, experiments in eco-farming, economic survival, and attracting the next generation. One interlocutor translated these concerns into a simple binary, asking, "do we want to live here?" This paper contributes to a design research agenda that might (eventually) provide an afirmative answer.

  • 21.
    Barendsen, Welmoed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Muß, Anja C.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Silvius, Gilbert
    University of Johannesburg, South Africa; College of Business and Economics. School of Consumer Intelligence and Information Systems, Auckland Park Bunting Road Campus, 2, Block D, South Africa.
    Exploring team members’ perceptions of internal sustainability communication in sustainable project management2021In: Project Leadership and Society, ISSN 2666-7215, Vol. 2, p. 100015-100015, article id 100015Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisations increasingly seek to implement sustainability in their processes and practices by the means of projects. Even though research shows that internal sustainability-related communication is essential for this transition, its role in sustainable project management remains fairly understudied. This study addresses that research gap by exploring the ways internal sustainability communication is organised and perceived in the context of sustainable project management. The research is based on a case study of a large infrastructure project in Sweden. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and internal project documents. The results reveal that there is no uniform understanding of sustainability among project team members and that the different modes of sustainability communication are applied in a way that does not meet project team members’ needs. The latter specifically concerns the frequency, used channels and targeted audiences of sustainability communication measures.

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  • 22.
    Barres, Roger
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Exploring metropolitan governance in the Öresund Region2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time in history, more people in the world live in urban areas than in rural

    areas. Almost half of this world urban population now live in metropolitan areas, which

    are becoming central spaces of world economic and social activity, and where major

    global challenges happen and should be tackled.

    Metropolitan areas are defined by urban spaces of integrated mobility flows and markets,

    but also by high institutional fragmentation and political decomposition. This

    fragmentation interferes in decision-making processes leading to difficulties for the

    design and implementation of adequate responses to metropolitan problems. In this

    context, the study of how metropolitan areas should be governed is gaining relevance in

    the field of urban studies, among other fields.

    The normative debates about metropolitan governance has been framed by three

    traditions. From the 60s to the late 80s these debates were restricted to the ‘old

    regionalism’ dialectics between the metropolitan reform and public choice scholars. More

    recently, new regionalism recognize in flexible and cooperative governance instruments

    the most effective way to deal with metropolitan problems. From this perspective

    metropolitan areas are governed by complex governance relations between diverse actors

    through multiple and concurrent instruments, in the form of policy networks, voluntary

    cooperation, strategic planning, and so on.

    The Öresund Region is a metropolis that spans from eastern Denmark to southern

    Sweden, and includes cities such as Copenhagen and Malmö. While it has been largely

    referenced and praised as an example of cross-border metropolitan area, there is little

    evidence on how it is governed or which are the main governance instruments or who are

    the actors involved in the policy-making process.

    Taking an original approach to the study of metropolitan governance, this paper

    represents a first attempt to identify and understand the main features of metropolitan

    governance in the Öresund Region as a system, in a polycentric and multilayered crossborder

    metropolis.

    The results suggest that metropolitan governance in the Öresund Region is very

    ambiguous, with several agents acting in different and non-coincident scales, strongly

    focused in hard policies and development policies in contrast to social and environmental

    policy areas. Also, there are persistent barriers to cross-border governance despite the

    favorable context. And finally, there is a relevant democratic governance deficit, in terms

    of social actors’ participation and involvement in the metropolitan decision-making

    process.

    These first results recommend to go forward with further research in this issue.

    Particularly to grasp about governance networks operatives, policy-making processes,

    and citizens’ political orientations to, ultimately, propose improvements for a more

    effective, comprehensive and democratic governance in the Öresund metropolitan region.

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  • 23.
    Barth, Julius F.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Att vara svart kvinna i Sverige: En kvalitativ studie om vardagsrasism2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor’s thesis is an effort to understand how black women in Sweden experience 'race' and racism in everyday life. The theoretical framework includes a postcolonial theory from Sara Ahmed, with the concept of 'race' as a key element. Additional to that, Judith Butler’s gender performativity theory contributes to a broader understanding of the informants’ situation. The material consisting of interviews with four young black women implies that everyday racism is present in Swedish society to that extent that 'race' is a major aspect of these women’s life. In everyday encounters with the white majority of the society, they often feel different, marginalized, objectified and exotified. Furthermore, the informants experience that their skin color and phenotypic markers are a magnet for white people’s fetish and fantasies, but also an obstacle to obtain legitimacy in interactions with them. To those reasons, the informants are considering migrating to a country where black people are forming a larger minority in society than it is the case in Sweden. That opens up the possibility to interact with more black people who have similar experiences of being exposed to everyday racism.

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    Barth 2021 - Att vara svart kvinna i Sverige
  • 24.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Grander, Martin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Bostadsfrågan som politik och intressekamp2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bo Bengtsson och Martin Grander kombinerar i denna bok en analys av svensk bostadspolitik i dag och över tid med diskussioner kring olika teoretiska perspektiv av relevans för förståelsen av detta område. Bokens utgångspunkt är att bostadsfrågan inte bara handlar om offentlig policy och politik utan också formas av intressekamp mellan olika aktörer.

    Den svenska ”bostadspolitiska regimen” vilar på fem institutionella pelare vilkas framväxt och utveckling ingående behandlas i boken. Till sina huvuddrag har dessa varit anmärkningsvärt oförändrade sedan de formades efter andra världskrigets slut, vilket kan förklaras med bostadspolitikens starka stigberoende. Samtidigt har pelarna successivt urholkats framför allt sedan 1990-talet. 

    I boken analyseras det partipolitiska spelet om bostadspolitiken,men också de stora intresseorganisationernas roll där det framträder ett tydligt växelspel mellan särskilt hyrespolitikens innehåll och organisationernas inflytande.

    Författarna visar att bostadspolitikens utfall har blivit allt mindre generellt inriktat under de senaste decennierna, vilket exemplifieras med allmännyttans utveckling. De diskuterar även i vilken utsträckning bostaden alltjämt kan ses som en social rättighet i Sverige. Boken avrundas med en diskussion om jämlikhet i boendet som en normativ måttstock för bostadsförsörjningen.

  • 25.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Gotfredsen, Katrine BendtsenMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).Hudson, JeanMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).Petersson, BoMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Language and Society in the Caucasus: Understanding the Past, Navigating the Present2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together a strong and international team of linguists, historians, and social and political scientists renowned for their expertise on North and South Caucasus. Their contributions paint a compelling picture of the region’s contested past and highlight some of the enduring challenges still confronting it. Taken together, the ten chapters of the book enhance our understanding of the region’s ancient languages, shed light on historical events of crucial significance, and uncover mechanisms behind political conflict and cooperation in the tinderbox that is the Caucasus.

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  • 26.
    Bimczok, Leonie-Isabelle
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Juárez Wichmann, Laura
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sustainability Management in large German companies: An analysis of the motives for conducting sustainability management and the roles of sustainability managers and experts2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Implementing and conducting sustainability management in businesses today presents an urgent but also complex challenge for large German companies. To react to the fast-changing regulations and demands on the market and to reduce the complexity of sustainability, organizations have introduced sustainability departments as well as sustainability experts and managers. However, the question remains as to what the motives of companies have to conduct sustainability management, and what roles sustainability managers and experts have in the process of sustainable development. The main research question therefore examines how large German companies can achieve sustainable organizational change. In 15 semi-structured interviews with sustainability experts and managers, the motives of companies for conducting sustainability management were analyzed, thereby further exploring the role and influence of sustainability managers and experts in the change process. The results demonstrate that companies pursue a variety of motives which combine economic, legal, ethical, social, environmental, as well as philanthropic and discretionary factors. In addition, the research outlines that sustainability managers and experts embody different roles in order to support the process of integrating sustainability into the organization. Moreover, through their personal involvement and enthusiasm they can partly influence sustainable organizational change. The key results also highlight the complexity of sustainability within large companies. Based on these key results of this study practical implications could be derived in the form of ten correlating factors for achieving sustainable organizational change.

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  • 27.
    Binet, Laura
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Rule of law: a tool for security implementation in post-war contexts: An analysis of the EU’s engagement in Kosovo through the assessment of the political capability of EULEX2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption and low judicial structures are two downsides that post-conflict reconstruction countries are experiencing when declaring independence. In the case of Kosovo, at the eve of its unilateral independence, there were no definite objectives launched by neighboring countries in order to counter the flaws introduced by the new actuality of things. The EULEX mission launched the same year of Kosovo’s independence is often seen as a major step by the EU in order to implement security in a post-war context, through the introduction of a tool said to help to strengthen policies: the rule of law. However, it has been seen that it is not the first time the EU is getting involved in such missions under such circumstances, leaving individuals speculating on the true intentions of the EU within its foreign policy. This research aims at analyzing the EU engagement in Kosovo from a rationalist lens, with the help of the theory of political and democratic capabilities introduced by March & Olsen in 1995. The research question being: ‘How and to what extent is the EU developing political capabilities to implement security in post-war countries?’, it is intending on assessing if EULEX Kosovo has developed political capabilities and the extent of it, in order to determinate the commitment of the EU to establish security in the country.

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  • 28.
    Bircan, Tuba
    et al.
    VUB, Belgium.
    Akdağ Salah, Almila
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Qi, Haodong
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    A Bibliometric Analysis of Computational Social Science in Turkish Academia2023In: 2023 31st Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU), IEEE conference proceedings, 2023, , p. 1-4p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bibliometrics, this study explores the land-scape of social computing sciences within the Turkish academic sphere. The analysis conducted at both the country and organizational levels reveals that collaborations in the field of social computing are not solely influenced by geographical factors. Through network analysis of keyword co-occurrences, distinct thematic patterns emerge, highlighting areas such as health-related applications, the social implications of computational approaches, the intersection of computational methods with the economy and agriculture, machine learning techniques, and the utilization of big data analytics for business applications. These findings provide evidence of the multidisciplinary nature inherent in social computing research.

  • 29.
    Bissmont, Mimmi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Household practices of disposal: Swedish households’ narratives for moving things along2020Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bissmont, Mimmi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Reducing household waste: A social practice perspective on Swedish household waste prevention2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies household waste prevention from a social scienceperspective. Swedish waste management is efficient in handling wastebut has not succeeded in reducing its quantities, even though theissue of waste prevention is being raised at both international andnational levels.The aim of this thesis is to study and analyse the practice ofhousehold waste prevention. I seek to understand and explainhow it may be possible for households in their everyday to reducethat waste. With understanding comes an aspiration to mitigatewhatever impedes households from reducing their waste. A secondaim is therefore to apply these new understandings and make policysuggestions as to how household waste prevention can be promotedand supported.

    My research questions are:• How is everyday household waste prevention as a practicenarrated and discussed? And how can this practice andthe activities in it be understood in connection with socialstructures?• What obstacles and opportunities do households experience inconnection with the practice of everyday waste prevention?• What policy suggestions can be drawn from these findings?

    Household waste prevention has in earlier research often beenstudied from a waste management perspective, juxtaposing it withrecycling. These studies has identified a need to approach the areafrom a consumption perspective. Sustainable consumption has,however, in general failed to incorporate disposal as a practicesin itself, in that disposal involves competence in knowing what todo with certain things, as well as relation between things and theirmeanings. This runs the risk of leaving waste and waste preventionas part of consumption scarcely researched. It is in this identified gapthat I place my study.In order to address my questions, two studies were carried out.The first is presented in Article I, ‘Household practices of disposal –Swedish households’ narratives for moving things along’. The datawas gathered using in-depth interviews with Swedish households not explicitly devoted to waste prevention. The study focused oneveryday disposal activities. The second study, presented in Article II,is called ‘The practice of household waste minimisation’. This studycollected data from Swedish bloggers engaging in waste-minimisationpractices, sometimes called ‘zero-waste bloggers’, focusing on howthese forerunners describe practising waste minimisation in theireveryday.In both studies I used sociological theories of how humans asactors relate to the social structures and how humans act in theireveryday. The theories applied were derived from the extensive workof Anthony Giddens on structuration and late-modernity. As I placehousehold activities at the centre of my study, I have also appliedtheory of practice.

    My analysis starts off with the claim that waste is an unintendedconsequence of keeping up shared practices: in other words, thathousehold waste production is neither deliberate nor completelyvoluntary. For waste prevention practices to happen, the prevailingidea that recycling alone is good enough needs to be challenged.There need to be other opportunities to act, such as buying secondhandclothes, unpackaged groceries, repairable electronics etc. Theseopportunities need to be normalised, meaning that they need tobe socially spread and accepted. They also need to be reasonablyconvenient, as in not demanding too much time and effort. The studyof the minimising forerunners reveals that these households have tostruggle in their everyday to minimise their waste. This implies thathousehold waste prevention is not supported by the social structuresin Sweden and, therefore, will not increase by itself.I move on to suggest a new model for the understanding ofsustainable consumption. This model takes the perspective of practicetheory and presents four stages of consumption: need, obtain, use anddispose. All four stages should be recognised as possible situationsfor interventions. There is also a need for a holistic perspective onconsumption, where none of the stages is studied in isolation fromthe rest.I conclude the thesis by pinpointing the identified major obstaclesto household waste prevention, and by suggesting necessary changesin order for household waste prevention to become a shared practice.

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  • 31.
    Bissmont, Mimmi
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The practice of household waste minimisation2020In: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 355-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a study of Swedish waste minimisation bloggers, often called zero waste bloggers. Through the lens of practice theory, the study shows that household waste is an unintended consequence of maintaining shared practices. The studied bloggers choose to maintain shared practices such as dressing well and buying takeaway lunch, but still manage to reduce their household waste. Waste reduction is acted out by altering some of the activities of which practices are made up by, such as applying the circular wardrobe and bringing their own food container. This becomes possible as the households reflect on their own consumption practices and thereby perceive opportunities to reduce their waste. Apart from lacking opportunities, waste minimisation is challenged by firmly established norms, such as shopping and the perception that recycling is good enough. Activities may also be challenged by other actors who inevitably get involved as activities change. This study suggests that if waste prevention is to become a shared practice more opportunities for waste prevention need to be normalised.

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  • 32.
    Bittmann, Nora
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Alternative Housing Projects “Beyond Market and State”: On the In(ter)dependence of Housing Commons in Germany2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the viability of housing commons as an alternative to commercial and public housing provision is examined. With rising financial burdens for renters in German cities over the past ten years, and state and market failing to provide affordable and accessible housing, claims to (re)communalize and decommodify housing are on the rise. The study is contextualized through tracing changing housing policies post-1945, and historic accounts of housing commons in the German context. Arguing for the advantages of conceptualizing housing as a common good, the applicability, limitations, and contradictions of this approach are explored. Founded in the “new commons” literature, the paper highlights the specific characteristics and challenges of urban housing commons and considers them regarding the complex in(ter)dependencies with market and state.

    Seven semi-structured interviews with residents of alternative housing projects (based on the principles of decommodification and self-management) and people from supporting organizations were conducted to gain insights into the community. It shows that internal group dynamics, interaction with outside actors on different levels, and the high prerequisites for creating and maintaining housing commons create multiple stress factors, currently preventing the housing commons to unfold their full potential. Mainly the high real estate prices and the consequent need to contribute equity capital prevent the housing commons from becoming a large-scale alternative to other housing providers.

    The paper stipulates that despite the threat of more rigid regulation, cooperation with the state is a promising way forward for the housing commons to overcome market pressures and provide a much-needed relief to overburdened renters in the German housing market, while simultaneously opening the possibility to “commonalise” the state.

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  • 33.
    Bjersér, Sofia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    "I have not achieved a feeling of being masculine.” : An exploration of masculinities in the Swedish Armed Forces2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Historically and presently most people employed in military forces worldwide are men. With a focus on peacekeeping and equality, the Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF) aim to recruit more women. But even as gender issues become a central focus of the SwAF, policy is mostly aimed towards women despite most employees being men. This study came about by leaning on feminist scholars’ arguments that men and masculinities need to be examined and involved when working towards positive peace, so that they do not remain naturalized and become unidentified obstacles. To achieve this aim, this thesis draws on semi-structured interviews with Swedish Peacekeepers and present a complex, contradictory puzzle of how masculinities are performed, perceived, and reproduced. Masculinities are admired but ridiculed, used as a tool for battle but an obstacle for rehabilitation, a source for deep emotional bonds and rigorously performed to turn off emotionally, and is mainly existing in the eyes of the beholder but seldom seen in oneself. The results support theoretical complexity of militarized masculinities and confirm that militarism is not inherent or come natural to men but is a performative, social construction.

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  • 34.
    Björk, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Tofft, Ellinor
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vision versus mål: En studie i betydelsen av individers uppfattning av vision och mål i relation till lärande och meningsskapande.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker och förklarar hur medarbetare och ledare arbetar med mål i enorganisation som utgår ifrån visioner och riktningar. Vi vill titta på hur det pratas om visioner,riktningar och mål och hur detta skapar mening för medarbetarna, men även hur lärandeuppstår och kunskap tas till vara. För att nå en bred bild av ämnet har vi använt oss av enkvalitativ metod med tio intervjuer. I analysen tog vi hjälp av Karl E Weicks Sensemakingtheory, Barbara Czarniawskas teori om organisering samt Argyris & Schöns Single ochdouble loop learning för att skapa förståelse för det insamlade materialet.Vår analys argumenterar för att visioner måste bearbetas för att bli mer greppbara, att detkrävs mycket kommunikation, viljan att vara i en gemenskap och att en anammar engemensam bild.I slutsatsen framträder denna gemensamma bild än mer tydligt och hur den skapar meningoch lärande. Detta genom att visionen bryts ner i mindre och mer konkreta bitar. Bitarna serolika ut beroende på vem som hämtar hem visionen och i vilken gruppering tolkningen sker.Vi ser även ett stort engagemang hos medarbetarna att ställa upp och hjälpa varandra framåtpå flera olika områden där kommunikationen spelar huvudrollen. 

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  • 35.
    Björklund, Frida
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Lindroth, Malin
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    “It’s easier to think outside the box when you are already outside the box”: A study of transgender and non-binary people’s sexual well-being2022In: Sexualities, ISSN 1363-4607, E-ISSN 1461-7382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With a phenomenological approach, we explored transgender and non-binary people’s strategies to experience sexual well-being. Ten self-reports (seven interviews and three written texts) were analyzed, and the analysis resulted in six themes. The first three (Affirming oneself, Having access to care, and Being respected as one’s gender) were strategies for sexual well-being realized through affirming one’s identity, receiving the gender-confirming care wanted, and having one’s gender identity respected by others. The other three themes (Masturbating and fantasizing, Communicating and being open, and Being sexually free in queer spaces) were strategies for one aspect of sexual well-being—pleasure. The results describe strategies that all can learn from: the need to accept and appreciate oneself, not just adapt to gender norms of bodies and behaviors, and to communicate. In addition, it illuminates that being norm-breaking, or stepping out of the gendered paths presented to you, appears to provide new opportunities for people to learn what they enjoy, and this could lead to a broader repertoire of pleasurable sexual practices—practices that take bodily prerequisites into account

  • 36.
    Björkman Sjölund, Fanny
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fossheim, Tina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Can sustainable investments act as a bridge between the economy and the environment?: A qualitative study about sustainable investments2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following study presents the results from one focus group discussion and eight individual interviews investigating how sustainable investments impact climate change. The demand for sustainable investments is currently growing, but there is a lack of research conducted within the area. We therefore aim to fill an academic knowledge gap surrounding the understanding of sustainable investments. To achieve this, we to identified the concepts defining sustainable investment practices and simultaneously identified the predominant factors for investors when making them. To assess the practice characteristics, we compared it with traditional investments. The informants were investors and professionals with occupations connected to sustainable investments. Furthermore, the study has the theoretical frameworks of the ecological modernization theory and value-belief-norm theory for assessing and analyzing study results. The results and conclusion of the study were that there is no universal definition of sustainable investments, causing distrust and concerns regarding the practice. Therefore, definitive conclusion about what sustainable investments can achieve for the climate is challenging to assess. Informants' willingness to invest in sustainable investments was connected to their values and knowledge. Results show a knowledge gap between individual's understanding of investments climate impact due to lack of accessible information for some investors. Finally, regulations concerning sustainable investments came into force during the time of the study.

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  • 37.
    Björngren Cuadra, Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Grönt och hållbart socialt arbete: Miljörättvisa, social rättvisa och ekosociala interventioner2020In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 207-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces an approach within social work called green social. It is argued that this approach has a critical potential in its ability to respond to urgent issues concerning people’s current and future living conditions. It is further argued that in addition to its traditional involvement in problematic distribution of resources, social work can act upon linkages between social issues and issues concerning environmental and climate crisis when integrating areas of knowledge from other disciplines. Such linkages imply a revision of the construct ”person-in-environment” that traditionally denote a delimited notion of environment as the ”social environment”, thereby disregarding the biophysical environment that human beings are a part of. The article discusses concepts such as ”sustainable welfare”, ”de-growth” and ”transition” and presents examples of so-called ecosocial interventions while also making an argument for strengthening community work in Sweden.

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  • 38.
    Blanco Arias, Maricela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Terrestrial Leadership to Stay With The Trouble: What can we learn from theory, philosophy, and Costa Rican stories of response-ability and string figuring?2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is inspired by St. Pierre’s post qualitative inquiry and the philosophy of immanence, which support the creation of concepts through immersion in theory, philosophy, and practice. This serves as a guide of thought for the inquirer´s journey of exploration and creativity. This research departures in Latour´s concept of the Terrestrial, enriched by Haraway´s addition to the concept; and in Haraway´s theory of string figures, which is the foundation for exploring how to enact the change that is needed to survive in a world of climate destruction and business as usual. Haraway says that not all humans observe the Terrestrial from above (as Latour suggests) and invites us to go out there and find the people that never took off. For this purpose, I went to Costa Rica and had non-structured conversations with six Costa Rican leaders, who have been working for and with social and environmental causes for years. This inquiry aims to get a deeper understanding of how these stories, combined with the concept of the Terrestrial and SF theory, may help us create new concepts and develop a philosophy of Terrestrial Leadership. From a magic island to banana women, these stories tell us about how these leaders have gone through constant metamorphic processes of inner development, the discovery of their response-ability, the enactment of collaborations, and the politics of staying with the trouble in a chaotic world; in the Chthulucene. Finally, with the help of storytelling, I attempt to offer a first ontological and epistemological perspective on the concept of Terrestrial leadership and how we might benefit from it.

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  • 39.
    Blomquist, Clara
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Lindblom, Felicia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Prostitution och sexhandel på dolda arenor: Det förebyggande arbetet på övernattningsanläggningar i Malmö2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har syftet att undersöka om och i så fall hur övernattningsanläggningar i Malmö stad arbetar förebyggande mot prostitution och sexköp. Urvalet består av 11 övernattningsanläggningar i Malmö. Uppsatsen studerar dels hur policys och riktlinjer används av övernattningsanläggningarna vid misstanke eller upptäckt av sexköp, samt dels hur samverkan med polisen ser ut och hur det fungerar i ett preventivt syfte. Datamaterialet består av flertalet återkommande teman, där policy, åtgärder och samverkan är studiens tre huvudteman tillsammans med respektive underteman. Resultatet av studien påvisar att 10 av 11 övernattningsanläggningar har en policy alternativt riktlinjer att följa vid misstanke eller upptäckt av sexhandel. Vidare framkom det även att hälften av anläggningarna samverkar med Polismyndigheten, samt att ytterligare preventiva åtgärder tillämpas av personalen på övernattningsanläggningarna. 

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  • 40.
    Blonde, Staffan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Översvämningsriskhantering i mindre kuststäder: Hur väl förberedd är Landskrona för framtida klimatutmaningar?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in the climate in the future will increase the risk of flooding. Cities are required to adapt to the changes in the climate to prevent floods in the future, but smaller cities and municipalities often lack the required resources and capacity to adapt. This study examines the resilience of Landskrona municipality to floods in future climates through a case study. To investigate this, the study has examined relevant laws for flooding and how Landskrona will be affected by floods due to climate change. The study operationalizes the concept of resilience to find answers to how resilient Landskrona is to floods in future climates and how the city can become more resilient, as well as what Landskrona's main flood strategy is. The study finds that Landskrona municipality primarily works with incremental change through triggering events and the adoption of new zoning plans and tries to learn to live with future floods through appropriate land use. However, the study also finds that there are deficiencies in the flood strategy that can be affected by both municipal autonomy and economic incentives that drive municipalities with lower tax revenues to exploit land areas in attractive locations. Therefore, the study recommends that further research should focus particularly on how municipal economy affect municipalities' flood strategies.

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  • 41.
    Bodin, Maja
    et al.
    Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Björklund, Jenny
    Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    "Can I take responsibility for bringing a person to this world who will be part of the apocalypse!?": Ideological dilemmas and concerns for future well-being when bringing the climate crisis into reproductive decision-making.2022In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 302, article id 114985Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of the ongoing climate crisis and its negative effects on public health, it has been questioned by climate activists whether it is right to bring more children into the world. Moreover, according to previous scholarship, having one fewer child is the most high-impact lifestyle change individuals in developed countries can make in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But do climate awareness and recommendations to have fewer children have any impact on how lay people reason around reproductive decision-making? In this paper, which is based on focus group discussions with people from different generations, we show how various and sometimes conflicting discourses on reproductive norms and responsibility are negotiated. Even though participants were highly aware of the ongoing discussions around the climate crisis, in the end it had little bearing on their decision to have children or not, and they justified reproduction through addressing other ways to contribute to a better world.

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  • 42.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ryan, Jean
    Lund University.
    Stjernborg, Vanessa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Lund University.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A study of changes in everyday mobility during the Covid-19 pandemic: As perceived by people living in Malmö, Sweden2021In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 106, p. 109-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's strategy to manage the spread of Covid-19 has not included any form of lockdown, in contrast to the approaches adopted by most other countries. Instead, the strategy has been largely based on strong recommendations for society. Even though Sweden has not had any form of lockdown, the Covid-19 pandemic has during a relatively short period of time brought changes for society, significantly disrupting everyday life. The pandemic poses both challenges and opportunities for sustainable future transport, not least public transport provision, supply and use. The purpose of this study is to investigate how changes for society have translated into changes for mobility as an element of everyday life during the early stages of a pandemic. This study draws on a map-based online survey (public participatory GIS) which was purposefully designed to allow people to contribute with their experiences in order to capture how the current situation has affected several different facets of people's everyday life. Results suggest that effects on mobility, such as the possibility to telework, affect different groups differently and may exacerbate existing differences in terms of gender, geography and mobility. In order to mitigate negative effects, transport policy needs to be tailored in order to take these heterogeneities into account. Both spatio-temporal adjustment and modal adjustment were dominant themes for most activities, although the dominance of these themes varied among the activities. Our findings give an indication of both the short and long-term impacts on everyday mobility in the Swedish context, for groups of inhabitants in the city of Malmö. Through deepening our understanding of the processes at play, we suggest eight possible policy responses that can be carefully tailored, both in the interim and into the future.

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  • 43.
    Bolmehag, Emilia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Elenvik Mansour, Daniella
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Påverkande faktorer för framgång imissbruksbehandling. En intervjustudie.: En intervjustudie.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of both alcohol and drugs is currently causing major public health problems and accounts for a significant proportion of the burden of disease in Sweden. Sweden currently has a high mortality rate and it is more common than not for people to relapse after treatment. The aim of this study is to use semi-structured interviews to explore therapists' perceptions of which internal and external factors most influence clients in addiction treatment. The intention is to gain a greater understanding of how to achieve the greatest success in treatment. 

    The results show that of the external factors, consequences were considered a driving force for entering treatment. During treatment, good relationships with both therapists and the treatment group were also considered important for staying in treatment. A sober network that supported the individual's drug-free life was considered important. The last external factor that was important was that the individual received social support even after treatment to maintain sobriety. Among the internal factors, internal motivation emerged as something essential for staying in treatment in particular, this could be promoted by the treatment staff. The second internal factor that could influence treatment outcome was co-morbidity, where interaction between the different agencies was central.

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  • 44.
    Boos, Erik
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Wahlqvist, Ludwig
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Maman, Daniel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fastighetspaketering: Det populära förfarandets effekt för mindre fastighetsbolag2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Packaging of Real Estate is today considered a popular transaction method and an industry norm. A result of the procedure is that the owning company is transferred in the transaction, however this means that the appearance of the transaction process changes. The change involves an extended investigation process, in the form of a Due Diligence. Due Diligence usually refers to an investigation of the property’s technical, financial and legal aspects. Packaging of real estate, on the other hand, entails an added parallel investigation of the company. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the transaction process affects smaller real estate companies by the acquisition of packaged properties, and what consequences it has on their Due Diligence.

    To achieve the purpose of this study, a qualitative method has been used to gather our empirical data. The empirical material is based on four semi-structured interviews with four different interviewees from smaller real estate companies.

    The study shows that transparency in the Swedish real estate market is above average, despite this, asymmetric information occurs. The asymmetric information, on the other hand, can be counteracted by Due Diligence. Therefore, it is required that the information in a Due Diligence is processed in a correct and controlled manner, otherwise it results in a costly process. Therefore, smaller real estate companies are willing to pay the cost of information in a Due Diligence. Failure to process the information completely can lead to lower profitability, which the study shows is a decisive factor for smaller real estate companies.

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  • 45.
    Breidenstein, Julia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sustainability Integration and Strengthening in Organisations - Exploring and Proposing Change Drivers Using Examples from Food-Producing Companies2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of the current food system on the climate crisis challenges its actors to takeactions towards sustainability. The increasing pressure in transforming the food system requires changes at the organisational level, which sparks research interest in understanding what factors influence the integration and strengthening of sustainability in food-producing companies. This study aims to explore the organisational change process of sustainability implementation and the influence of organisational and external factors. This thesis should contribute to the field of research by analysing food-producing companies on their sustainability transition to conclude what factors drive the sustainability integration and strengthening in their organisations. Reflections on organisational change management and corporate sustainability lay the theoretical foundation for this thesis. The research follows a qualitative methodology that explores change drivers for sustainability change by conducting semi-structured interviews with six sustainability professionals. A thematic analysis of the data highlights the different approaches to sustainability of the organisations. The findings are summarised in a sustainability change framework presenting influencing factors on organisations’ sustainability transition and key drivers for sustainability change. The key findings indicate that a sustainability-oriented culture, passionate leadership, long-term commitment to sustainability, sustainability training and education, collaborative communication, sustainability measurements, the inclusion of sustainability in daily work, and a sustainable and professional brand are the key drivers to sustainability integration and strengthening.

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  • 46.
    Brock, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Gunnarsson Payne, Jenny
    Södertörn University .
    “That's Disgusting!”: The Shifting Politics of Affect in Right-Wing Populist Mobilization2023In: Populism and The People in Contemporary Critical Thought: Politics, Philosophy, and Aesthetics / [ed] Alexander Stagnell; David Payne;Gustav Strandberg, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2023, p. 107-121Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47. Broman, Jennie
    Sustainable Consumption and Production in International Development Cooperation: A case study of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable consumption and production (SCP) is integral within the international sustainable development agenda both as goal and objective. As well as linking people and society to the broader picture of development, sustainable consumption helps the global sustainability agenda to connect with individuals because it affects everyday practices at home and in society. Sustainable production is strongly linked to consumption as it touches on the practices of producing consumer goods and services. International development cooperation agencies are important actors in the SCP agenda, as they oversee international aid and funding for programmes meant to implement international sustainable development policies. SCP has strong links to global north narratives, and participatory approaches have become mandatory for recipient countries to obtain donor funding. It is therefore important to understand how these agencies conceptualise these practices in a global south context. Drawing from the ideas of empowerment through participation, this degree project analyses two project reports funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), an important actor within international development cooperation activities, and investigates how SCP is communicated in a global south context. It finds that: the initiatives experience limitations by donor dependency, constraining local community practices to sustain; lacking measuring tools and strategies limit the information to clearly say these initiatives reach the intended target groups; and that there is strong reason to question whether these initiatives, largely built upon global north narratives, are suitable for the context and subjects of intervention.

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  • 48.
    Broms, Lovisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fans, Fellows or Followers: A Study on How Sport Federations Shape Social Media Affordances2023In: Journalism and Media, E-ISSN 2673-5172, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 688-709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased in-depth knowledge on how sport federations shape their social media affordances to build relationships with their audiences will develop the understanding and ongoing discussion on the effects of social media in organized sports. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate in what way sports federations shape their social media affordances to create an increased understanding of how they interact with their audiences through social media. Three sports federations, the Swedish Basketball Federation, the Swedish Skateboard Association, and the Swedish Equestrian Federation, were investigated through semi-structured interviews as well as digital ethnography. The analytical focus lies on in what way the organizations shape social media affordances as well as in what way they imagine social media uses and users. This study shows that the federations’ imagination of who their users are, what they would like to see and how these users act and react defines their affordances. Further, the results reveal that the federations have differing approaches to in what way they imagine their users (as fans, fellows or followers) as well as what their incentives are for using social media. To learn how ongoing mediations mold long-term changes for sport federations, it is of importance to look beyond mediatization and learn more about their current structure and operations, their history, and traditions, as well as their view of their users.

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  • 49.
    Brunnström, Pål
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Institute for Studies in Malmö's history (IMH).
    Att tänja på reglerna för det urbana rummet: Sociala rörelsers användande av icke-auktoriserade minnesplatser i Malmö och Buenos Aires2019In: En historiker korsar sitt spår: En vänbok till Roger Johansson om att lära sig av historien och lära ut historia / [ed] Blennow, Katarina, Pål Brunnström och David Örbring, Malmö: Malmö universitet, 2019, p. 69-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Monument och minnesplatser skapade av personer och organisationer i strid med eller utan godkännande från myndigheter är ett fenomen som finns på många olika platser och i olika kontexter. I artikeln benämns dessa platser som ”icke-auktoriserade minnesplatser”, men som tydliggörs i diskussionen är det ofta en flytande gräns där organisationer och rörelser på olika sätt kämpar för att låta sin minneskultur och minnesplatser ta utrymme i det urbana rummet. Ibland vill de skapa officiellt godkända minnesplatser men misslyckas, ibland skapas minnesplatser i direkt opposition och som en motståndshandling. Texten utgår från två empiriska exempel, Malmö och Buenos Aires i Sverige respektive Argentina.

    Syftet är att undersöka hur sociala rörelser och organisationer på olika sätt använder minnesplatspraktiker för att mobilisera människor till stöd för sina samtida politiska krav, och hur samtida politiskt arbete sammanvävs med minneskultur. Det sker naturligtvis även på många andra sätt än genom minnesplatser i det fysiska rummet, och gränserna mot andra praktiker, såsom diskursiva interventioner, opinionsbildande och kampanjer i sociala medier är som vi ska se ofta flytande.

    Undersökningen utmynnar i fyra resultat:

    För det första att de icke-auktoriserade minnesplatserna ofta kan ha en radikal mobiliserande potential för de sociala rörelserna, särskilt när de inte förvisas till perifera platser eller kyrkogårdar. Genom att befinna sig i vardagen och på centrala platser i staden blir de återkommande påminnelser om det som hänt, och om de också kopplas till aktuella politiska projekt blir de påminnelser om vad som borde hända i framtiden. Det blir en kamp mot desmemoria genom att ockupera det urbana rummet.

    För det andra, monumentens lokala och rumsliga karaktär. Även om vissa minnesplatspraktiker reproduceras och sprider sig över världen, som siluetterna skapade i el siluetazo, så är det som ”aesthetic takeover” av det urbana rummet de framför allt fyller en funktion. Det gör att minnesplatspraktiker behöver diskuteras och förstås som lokala urbana praktiker, vilka naturligtvis befinner sig i dialog med nationell och internationell inspiration.

    För det tredje, hur icke-auktoriserade minnesplatser och de som skapar dem ständigt är inbegripna i en kamp för dess existens. Ofta tillkommer de i strid med lagar och regler för hur det urbana rummet får användas, och i konflikt med olika aktörers uppfattningar om vilka som får ta plats och bli synliggjorda i detsamma. Stad, stat och politiska motståndare kan i olika lägen försöka angripa och förstöra dem, och det händer också. Ibland är det regler och byråkratiska skäl, ibland medvetna försök att skapa icke-minne, desmemoria. Det är därför inte underligt att många sociala rörelser eftersträvar att få auktoriserade minnesplatser.

    För det fjärde finns det hela tiden en flytande gräns mellan de auktoriserade och de icke-auktoriserade minnesplatserna. Att lyckas ta över institutioner och erövra platser ger ett större utrymme för de sociala rörelserna, det skapar större synlighet och påminner stadens invånare om rörelsens existens och politiska projekt.

     

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  • 50.
    Catherine, Pettersson
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Exploring regeneration and gentrification on Norra Grängesbergsgatan2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

         The former post-industrial city of Malmö implemented neoliberal strategies to turn the curve to become a knowledge city with a continental and cultural vibe. Drastic changes have been made in economics, sustainability, and design, to become an attractive city with opportunities in employment and education. In the pace of change, culture has come to play a central role in the process. Former centrally located industrial areas have become a nave of innovation of culture. With industries, businesses, and cultural creatives next to each other. In the hot spot of Malmö is the street of Norra Grängesbergsgatan. The industrial past and the influx of young creatives have changed the narrative of the area. According to Malmö city, there is potential to become a cultural cluster with its post-industrial environment containing works and industries. Malmö city has started to invest in the renewal of the area. The change aims to make the area a cultural destination. The industrial environment, the mixture of people, and the culture is an exciting combination that can be advantageous to the city of Malmö in the meaning to be a creative city. Such decisions can bring some concerns to mind for those who already have a livelihood in Norra Grängesbergsgatan. As in a society, people in this area have an everyday life with daily practices and established communities and networks with connections to the place. To understand the possible impacts of the processes this study aims to understand the existing livelihood. To carry out this research, I have a qualitative approach, where I have used semi-structured interviews with exploratory questions to capture an abundant outmost description of the environment and the spatial practices. Focus is on the community that shapes the street rather than the street itself, to investigate insights from people that are possible game-changers, owing to visionary documents from the city of Malmö. To capture individuals' perceptions of Norra Grängesbergsgatan is to capture hidden aspects and experiences to examine what makes these communities or spaces meaningful. The relationship between people, concerning change is in focus as the study reveals multiple processes of development happening at the same time.

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