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  • 1.
    Aranda Avila, Fermin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Participatory Design Adapted for Elderly Collaborators: Design of a Platform to Support Elderly Museum Volunteers2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis purpose is to gather recommendations to adapt participatory design to elderly users, through the involvement of an association of elderly museum volunteers. The outcome is the result of a participatory process that included forms, interviews, cultural probes, and workshops where the volunteers and designer collaborated tightly to explore volunteers’ needs and find solutions to address them. This process led to the design of a platform that empowers volunteers' work and recognizes its value. The platform includes sections managed by the volunteers to archive information about the museum pieces, share organized activities, and receive feedback from visitors to improve their work.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2. Brink, Henning
    et al.
    Packmohr, Sven
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Vogelsang, Kristin
    Developing and Applying an Instrument to Measure Barriers to Digital Transformation: A Mixed- Method Study2020Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rise of digital technologies, digital transformation (DT) has become an issue in nearly all industries. In enterprises, DT means to digitalize internal processes, offer digital services as well as products, and enhance the customer experience. As the transformation is complex, barriers hinder the successful transformation. However, an instrument for the measurement of barriers and their effects on the DT of an organization is missing. Our research questions are therefore: What are the barriers to DT in industry and industry-related areas? How can they be described and measured?

  • 3.
    Derlow, Max
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö Universitet.
    Influential Observation: How Observers Can Influence Activities With Gaze, and How This Impacts Social Presence Perception2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    There is a distinction between participants and observers; the former performs an activity, whereas the latter spectates. The idea of observers who can influence activities is largely unexplored and could contain potential use-cases for eye-trackers and improve social presence in digital settings. This thesis adds to existing research by investigating whether higher degrees of observer influence correspond to increased social presence perception in digital co-located settings. It also provides designers with a tool that helps design and evaluate interactions accounting for observers' influences. The thesis presents five gaze implementations across two games that allow observers to influence them to investigate the hypothesised link between social presence perception and an observer's degree of influence. The results indicate that the link exists, although more tests are necessary to determine whether there is a noticeable difference between observers who impact activities directly and indirectly. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4. Friesel, Anna
    et al.
    Spikol, Daniel
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Cojocaru, Dorian
    Technologies designed and developed in PELARS project: the way to enhance STEM education2017Inngår i: 2017 27TH EAEEIE Annual Conference (EAEEIE), IEEE, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Practice-based Experiential Learning Analytics Research and Support (PELARS) is a project about learning and making. The PELARS project finds ways of generating "analytics" (data about the learning process and analysis of this data), which helps learners and teachers by providing feedback from hands-on, project-based and experiential learning situations. In this paper, we present our proposal for improving analytics education with hands-on, project-based and experimental scenarios for engineering students. This is done through teacher and learner engagement, user studies and evaluated trials, performed at UCV (University of Craiova, Romania) and DTU Diplom (Technical University of Denmark, Campus Ballerup, Denmark). The PELARS project provides technological tools and ICT-based methods for collecting activity data ( moving image-based and embedded sensing) for learning analytics (data-mining and reasoning) of practice-based and experiential STEM.

  • 5.
    Ghajargar, Maliheh
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Bardzell, Jeffrey
    Pennsylvania State University, USA.
    Alison, Smith-Renner
    Dataminr, USA.
    Höök, Kristina
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Gall Krogh, Peter
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Graspable AI: Physical Forms as Explanation Modality for Explainable AI2022Inngår i: TEI '22: Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction, New York, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2022, Vol. 53, s. 1-4Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Explainable AI (XAI) seeks to disclose how an AI system arrives at its outcomes. But the nature of the disclosure depends in part on who needs to understand the AI and the available explanation modalities (e.g., verbal and visual). Users’ preferences regarding explanation modalities might differ, as some might prefer spoken explanations compared to visual ones. However, we argue for broadening the explanation modalities, to consider also tangible and physical forms. In traditional product design, physical forms have mediated people’s interactions with objects; more recently interacting with physical forms has become prominent with IoT and smart devices, such as smart lighting and robotic vacuum cleaners. But how tangible interaction can support AI explanations is not yet well understood.

    In this second studio proposal on Graspable AI (GAI) we seek to explore design qualities of physical forms as an explanation modality for XAI. We anticipate that the design qualities of physical forms and their tangible interactivity can not only contribute to the explainability of AI through facilitating dialogue, relationships and human empowerment, but they can also contribute to critical and reflective discourses on AI. Therefore, this proposal contributes to design agendas that expand explainable AI into tangible modalities, supporting a more diverse range of users in their understanding of how a given AI works and the meanings of its outcomes.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Ghajargar, Maliheh
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Internet of Things and People (IOTAP). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Bardzell, Jeffrey
    Indiana University Bloomingtonm,USA.
    Smith-Renner, Alison
    Dataminr, USA.
    Höök, Kristina
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Gall Krogh, Peter
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Wiberg, Mikael
    Umeå University.
    Tangible XAI2022Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Computational systems are becoming increasingly smart and automated. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems perceive things in the world, produce content, make decisions for and about us, and serve as emotional companions. From music recommendations to higher-stakes scenarios such as policy decisions, drone-based warfare, and automated driving directions, automated systems affect us all.

    But researchers and other experts are asking, How well do we understand this alien intelligence? If even AI developers don’t fully understand how their own neural networks make decisions, what chance does the public have to understand AI outcomes? For example, AI systems decide whether a person should get a loan; so what should—what can—that person understand about how the decision was made? And if we can’t understand it, how can any of us trust AI?

    The emerging area of explainable AI (XAI) addresses these issues by helping to disclose how an AI system arrives at its outcomes. But the nature of the disclosure depends in part on the audience, or who needs to understand the AI. A car, for example, can send warnings to consumers (“Tire Pressure Low”) and also send highly technical diagnostic codes that only trained mechanics can understand. Explanation modality is also important to consider. Some people might prefer spoken explanations compared to visual ones. Physical forms afford natural interaction with some smart systems, like vehicles and vacuums, but whether tangible interaction can support AI explanation has not yet been explored.

    In the summer of 2020, a group of multidisciplinary researchers collaborated on a studio proposal for the 2021 ACM Tangible Embodied and Embedded (TEI) conference. The basic idea was to link conversations about tangible and embodied interaction and product semantics to XAI. Here, we first describe the background and motivation for the workshop and then report on its outcomes and offer some discussion points.

  • 7. Grantorp, Christina
    et al.
    Lee, Francis
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Samhällsanalys i algoritmernas tidevarv: Introduktion till avsnittets texter2020Inngår i: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, nr 64-65, s. 22-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Iezzi, Valeria
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Connectedness: Designing interactive systems that foster togetherness as a form of resilience for people in social distancing during Covid-19 pandemic. Exploring novel user experiences in the intersection between light perception, tangible interactions and social interaction design (SxD).2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project explores how interactive technologies can facilitate a sense of social connectedness with others whilst remotely located. While studying the way humans use rituals for emotional management, I focused my interest on the act of commensality because it is one of the oldest and most important rituals used to foster togetherness among families and groups of friends. Dining with people who do not belong to the same household is of course hard during a global pandemic, just like many of the other forms of social interactions that were forcibly replaced by the use of technological means such as video-chat apps, instant messaging and perhaps an excessive use of social networking websites. These ways of staying connected, however, lack the subtleties of real physical interaction, which I tried to replicate with my prototype system, which consists of two sets of a lamp and a coaster which enable to communicate through light and tactile cues. The use of such devices creates a new kind of ritual based on the simultaneous use of the devices by two people, thus enabling a new and original form of commensality that happens through a shared synchronized experience. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Valeria Iezzi Thesis (TP1) Connectedness_2020
  • 9.
    Korczak, Anna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Anna Korczak.
    Designing for Programming Without Coding: User Experience of Mobile Low-code Software2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In our progressively digitized world, the escalating demand for software solutions intensifies the need for proficient developers. Low-Code Development Platforms (LCDPs) present a promising approach to address this necessity, empowering individuals without traditional programming skills to create software applications. However, despite their potential, these platforms are often not accessible or intuitive for non-professional developers. This research examines the design of LCDPs, with an emphasis on enhancing the user experience for non-programmers. By investigating the usability of LCDPs and designing a prototype based on the findings, my aim is to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the democratization of software development and to propose enhancements that could make LCDPs more user-friendly, inclusive, and usable across devices. The research involves a combination of literature review, interviews, prototype development, and user testing, providing a multifaceted perspective on the topic. Moreover, it discusses potential implications for the design of LCDPs, as well as for the broader field of interaction design.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Monteiro, Raero
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Post-Truth Worlds and ICT3D: Comparing two approaches to the thematic content analysis of meta-deliberation between legislators and digital platforms in the US, the UK and Brazil2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As a consequence of the burgeoning awareness about the degree to which communication and information technologies transformed democratic deliberation, political struggles over disinformation ensued in a number of countries. This master’s Degree Project focuses on the politics of falsehood to answer the following question: to which degree does the theory on post-truth worlds (PTW) explain the main themes articulated by legislators and platform representatives at parliamentary hearings about disinformation in comparison to a MCD-inspired perspective defined as ICT3D? The theoretical framework explains the main concepts in PTW (Farkas & Shou, 2020) and ICT3D, which is defined by this DP as the contentious field concerning the mediation of collective affairs by the intersection of deliberation systems, data politics and development dimensions within and across societies worldwide. The empirical section presents a thematic content analysis of three study cases that are used to compare both approaches, consisting of 15 parliamentary inquiries of digital platforms in the United States, the United Kingdom and Brazil within the context of right-wing ruling between 2017 and 2020. The results confirm the relevance of PTW as an interpretative key to the meta-deliberation between legislators and platform representatives, but also identify many contents that either go beyond the scope of PTW or present nuances and tensions within PTW-related codes. The findings also provide a number of conclusions on the potential of ICT3D as a theoretical approach: the contentious intertwining of data politics, deliberative systems and development dimensions was demonstrated to be present in meta-deliberation; the wide array of development dimensions raised in all cases shows the pertinence of ICT3D to Comdev; and ICT3D has also proven to be of value in demonstrating the absence of certain themes and contents that should be expected in meta-deliberation from a critical perspective. The discussion elaborates on the explanatory potential and limits of PTW and ICT3D, concluding that they operate at different levels: PTW are specific discursive formations - among others - that articulate themes and contents about ICT3D.

  • 11.
    Möcklö, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Hebro, Johan
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Digital vägledning efter coronapandemin: En kvalitativ studie om studie- och yrkesvägledares förhållningssätt till digital vägledning efter coronapandemin2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Från och med 1 april 2022 klassas inte längre Covid-19 som en allmänfarlig- eller samhällsfarlig sjukdom och restriktionerna som tidigare tvingade fram digital vägledning i skolor gäller inte längre.Studiens syfte och frågeställning är att undersöka hur studie- och yrkesvägledare förhåller sig till digital vägledning efter covid-19 pandemin och vilka fördelar- samt nackdelar de upplevt med digital vägledning.I denna kvalitativa studie intervjuades sex studie- och yrkesvägledare där alla informanterna var verksamma på olika grundskolor. Intervjuerna har gjorts med utgångspunkt i en semistrukturerad intervjuguide.Genom att analysera intervjuerna med hjälp av Malténs kommunikationsteori och Egans The Skilled Helper Model har vi besvarat vårt syfte och frågeställning. Egan och Maltén beskriver bland annat att icke-verbal kommunikation är en viktig komponent i kommunikation då denna utgör en stor del av samtal.Resultaten i denna studie visar att digital vägledning missar en del av den icke-verbala kommunikationen då parterna till viss del inte kan se varandras kroppsspråk.Det framkommer även att samtliga informanter har uppfattningen att den digitala vägledningen aldrig kan ersätta det fysiska mötet face-to-face men att det finns fler fördelar än nackdelar med digital vägledning.I studien lyfts också att vissa särskilda grupper, till exempel elever med NPF-diagnos och hemmasittare gynnas av digital vägledning.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö University.
    Datafying Museum Visitors:A Research Agenda2022Inngår i: Information & Communication, ISSN 0894-8631, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 63-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Museums are participating in the capturing of global data for the perceived benefit of improved relationships with the public. This article proposes a framework for critically analyzing the ratification of museum visitors and visitor engagement, combining a critical lens from data studies with a social view of datafication as practice—a set of practices within a sociotechnical assemblage that is continuously reproduced by the choices made within and outside the museum. Museums are situated at the intersection of PierreBourdieu’s economic, cultural, and political fields; thus, I highlight some of the external social and technological pressures driving datafication in museums. Relying on public accounts and previous case studies, I argue that datafication of visitor engagement is made to work through data loops: circular processes between institutional practices of museums and social practices of audiences where data are collected, processed, and decided upon.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Rosales, Andrea
    et al.
    Universita Oberta de Catalunya.
    Fernández-Ardèvol, Mireia
    Universita Oberta de Catalunya.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Digital Ageism: How it operates and approaches to tackling it2023Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This anthology contributes to creating awareness on how digital ageism operates in relation to the widely spread symbolic representations of old and young age around digital technologies, the (lack of) representation of diverse older individuals in the design, development, and marketing of digital technologies and in the actual algorithms and datasets that constitute them. It also shows how individuals and institutions deal with digital ageism in everyday life.

    In the past decades, digital technologies permeated most aspects of everyday life. With a focus on how age is represented and experienced in relation to digital technologies leading to digital ageism, digitalisation’s reinforcement of spirals of exclusion and loss of autonomy of some collectives is explored, when it could be natural for a great part of society and represent a sort of improvement.

    The book addresses social science students and scholars interested in everyday digital technologies, society and the power struggles about it, providing insights from different parts of the globe. By using different methods and touching upon different aspects of digital ageism and how it plays out in contemporary connected data societies, this volume will raise awareness, challenge power, initiate discussions and spur further research into this field.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Rosales, Andrea
    et al.
    Universita Oberta de Catalunya.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Afrontant l’exclusió per edat a les empreses de tecnologia2020Inngår i: COMeIN: Revista de los Estudios de la Información y de la Comunicación, ISSN 2014-2226, nr 105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [es]

    Hay muchos desafíos con la dataficación de las sociedades contemporáneas. Uno de ellos son los sesgos de diseño de los algoritmos que usan las plataformas digitales. Otro desafío se refiere a los sesgos de los datos que los algoritmos usan para tomar decisiones automatizadas y cómo se usan estas. Tanto el diseño algorítmico como los datos refuerzan la discriminación de los colectivos menos favorecidos, y particularmente de las personas mayores.

  • 15.
    Rosales, Andrea
    et al.
    Open University of Catalunya.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Fernandez Ardevol, Mireia
    Open University of Catalunya.
    Digital Ageism in Data Societies2023Inngår i: Digital Ageism: How it Operates and Approaches to Tackling it / [ed] Andrea Rosales; Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol; Jakob Svensson, Routledge, 2023, s. 1-17Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In data societies, as everyday activities are mediated by digital technologies, individuals are thrown into a digital existence, even if they are not aware of their digital interactions. Digital technologies are not value-free or unbiased. Contemporary discourses about digital natives and late adopters contribute to reinforcing negative stereotypes about older users of digital technologies and influence the design, development, marketing and usage of digital technologies. Such discourses disregard how digital trajectories and personal circumstances influence media use in all stages of everyday life. Hence, occasional digital technology users, and older adults in particular, stand a higher risk of exclusion and loss of autonomy. In this chapter, we briefly introduce ageism and digital ageism in data societies, definitions and previous research as a background and introduction to the following chapters. Our aim is to underline how socio-technical and cultural analyses may contribute to raising awareness about digital ageism in data societies. Only by initiating a discussion may existing power relationships be challenged and contemporary inequalities understood.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Russmann, Uta
    et al.
    FHWien der WKW University of Applied Sciences for Management and Communication, Austria.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    No Interaction on Instagram: Political Party Use of Instagram in the 2014 Swedish Election2022Inngår i: Research Anthology on Social Media’s Influence on Government, Politics, and Social Movements, Hershey: IGI Global, 2022, s. 659-667Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses a neglected issue within the field of social media and political communication. It focuses on interaction processes on Instagram asking how political parties used Instagram—a platform that is centered around images—when engaging in interaction with their followers on the platform. The focus is on political parties' use of Instagram in the 2014 Swedish national election campaign. This gives an impression of the first attempts of political parties' use of this communication platform. The quantitative content analysis focuses on Instagram images including their captions and comments (posts) that Swedish parties published four weeks prior to Election Day. The results suggest that not much changes on Instagram compared to other social media platforms: Swedish political parties hardly used Instagram to interact with their followers, and the very few interactions taking place did not contribute to the exchange of relevant and substantive information about politics. Interaction and deliberation are also not enhanced by the images.

  • 17.
    Strand, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    “Fake News” on Sexual Minorities is “Old News”: Study of Digital Platforms as Spaces for Challenging Inaccurate Reporting on Ugandan Sexual Minorities2019Inngår i: Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies, ISSN 0256-0054, E-ISSN 1942-0773, African Journalism Studies, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 77-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For sexual minorities in Africa, fake news is nothing new. However, with the arrival of self-controlled digital platforms, sexual minorities are presented with new ways to counter coverage that misrepresents the community. Inspired by affordance theory and agenda-setting theory, this study explores whether self-controlled digital platforms are used to challenge false media reports on sexual minorities in Uganda, and if so, to what extent. Through a cross-media research design, the largest English-language daily newspaper, the government-owned New Vision, is analysed and positioned against the main sexual minority network's (SMUG’s) public Facebook and Twitter accounts at two points in time in 2013/2014 and in 2018. The study finds that, although social media channels afford direct engagement with false media reports, the platforms are under-utilised as spaces regarding countering false reporting on LGBTQIs. Furthermore, this lack of engagement with the media was found to be stable over time.

  • 18.
    Strand, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Foreign norm entrepreneurs’ mis-and disinformation narratives on LGBT+ in Europe2022Inngår i: Medijska Istrazivanja, ISSN 1330-6928, E-ISSN 1846-6605, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 109-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With ample evidence that foreign state actors and non-state norm entrepreneurs are engaged in misinformation and disinformation campaigns challenging the European Union’s human rights framework on LGBT+, this study analyses the narratives that these actors disseminate. Based on two methods – a standard literature review of academic and “grey” literature, as well as complementary analysis of entries in the EUvsDisinfo database – the study identifies four main narratives that can be attributed to or are actively sponsored by non-European actors: 1) Opposing gender ideology and protecting God’s order, 2) Heteroactivism and the protection of the rights of the “natural” family, 3) LGBT+ rights as Western colonialism, and 4) LGBT+ rights as a threat to the rights of children. Even though EU’s strong protection of freedom of speech makes it challenging to address misinformation and disinformation that falls outside hate-speech legislation, this paper argues that exploring the following counter measures could be worthwhile: 1) harmonization of European legal frameworks, 2) financial scrutiny and 3) strengthened automatic detection, editorial policies, and community flagging, as well as the capacity to systematically deal with misinformation and disinformation campaign targeting LGBT+ across digital spaces in Europe.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Stypinska, Justyna
    et al.
    Freie Universität, Berlin, Germany.
    Rosales, Andrea
    Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Silicon Valley ageism: ideologies and practices of expulsion in the technology industry2023Inngår i: Digital Ageism: How it operates and approaches to tackling it / [ed] Andrea Rosales; Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol; Jakob Svensson, Routledge, 2023, s. 53-70Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter zooms in on the Silicon Valley, the US centre for innovative technology and home to 2000 technology companies. Inspired by the terminology of Sassen (2014), this chapter will describe how the technology industry has created a system of multiple modes of expulsions of “older” workers – from work relations, workspaces, ideologies and values, as well as digital products and services. The main purpose is to propose a theoretical framework guiding future empirical and critical research into the phenomenon of ageism, as well as other systems of oppression and discrimination in the technology industry. In this chapter, we propose a concept of “Silicon Valley Ageism” which is understood as negative attitudes, beliefs and behaviours towards adults perceived as “older” and manifested in interpersonal relations and institutional practices, as well as their narratives. This type of ageism can affect people already in their 30s. The aim of the chapter is to explore (1) what narratives of “older” age are constructed in Silicon Valley, (2) how this relates to workplace practices in the Valley and (3) how this has a bearing on the products and services coming out of Silicon Valley.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Svantesson, Albin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS).
    Dellgran, Edvin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS).
    Johansson, Melker
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS).
    Utmaningar med IT-styrning inom en svensk sjukvårdsorganisation: En kvalitativ studie om styrning av digitalisering2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 13 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk sjukvård har som ambition att ligga långt fram i den digitala utvecklingen samtidigt som man idag har problem med en stor mängd mindre system och integrationen mellan dessa. Det beror mycket på den styrning som man använt sig av. Detta arbete avser att besvara frågan kring hur svenska sjukvårdsorganisationer arbetar med styrning av digitalisering och vilka utmaningar som finns där. För att besvara detta har 6 st personer inom olika regioner med betydande roller inom förändringsarbete intervjuats. Resultatet från materialet visar på att digitaliseringsarbetet utgår från behov för att minimera risker samt att den digitala mognaden är svårdefinierad inom organisationen vilket leder till bristande kommunikation. Diskussionen utgår från individens perspektiv och organisationens perspektiv. I mötet mellan  individen och organisationen identifieras fyra stycken utmaningar inom IT-styrningen. Sammanfattningsvis så behöver svenska sjukvårdsorganisationer ta steget ifrån den klassiska organisering och IT-styrning som råder idag och öka sin omställningsförmåga för att överkomma de identifierade utmaningarna.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Artificial intelligence is an oxymoron: The importance of an organic body when facing unknown situations as they unfold in the present moment2023Inngår i: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 363-372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from popular imaginations around artificial intelligence (AI), this article engages in the I in the AI acronym but from perspectives outside of mathematics, computer science and machine learning. When intelligence is attended to here, it most often refers to narrow calculating tasks. This connotation to calculation provides AI an image of scientificity and objectivity, particularly attractive in societies with a pervasive desire for numbers. However, as is increasingly apparent today, when employed in more general areas of our messy socio-cultural realities, AI- powered automated systems often fail or have unintended consequences. This article will contribute to this critique of AI by attending to Nicholas of Cusa and his treatment of intelligence. According to him, intelligence is equally dependent on an ability to handle the unknown as it unfolds in the present moment. This suggests that intelligence is organic which ties Cusa to more contemporary discussions in tech philosophy, neurology, evolutionary biology, and cognitive sciences in which it is argued that intelligence is dependent on having—and acting through—an organic body. Understanding intelligence as organic thus suggests an oxymoronic relationship to artificial.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Behind Digital Innovations2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to discuss, evaluate, and address social consequences of digitalization, we need to study and understand key people and events behind today’s digital innovations. This research contributes to an ongoing discussion within critical data studies by focusing on humans and meeting places shaping digital innovations that are/will be realized in this connected and data-saturated society we find ourselves in. The focus will be on angel investors and venture capitalist, pitching events and conferences where innovators and investors meet and intermingle. I will present conclusions from pilot studies conducted in Sweden (Malmö, at MINC-Malmö Incubator), South Africa (Stellenbosch, at the LaunchLab) and the US (Austin, at SXSW – South by southwest conference & Silicon Valley, at Facebook and Google headquarters). The overall research question is how key people and events contribute to, and shape, current and future digital innovations. With my expertise coming from the Social Sciences, the focus will be on culture (in an anthropological understanding of culture) which in this project operationalized through norms, values, rituals, and imaginaries surrounding humans and meeting places behind digital innovations. What consequences does these norms, values, rituals, and imaginaries have in our digitalized societies?  

    The project departs from the importance attributed to digital innovations, the promise they bring with a more connected world where digital innovations are believed to solve most, if not all, problems that our society faces such as climate change, infection tracing, increased polarization, and intolerance. I am still conducting these pilot studies (the last will be in June) and by the time of the conference I will have results to present. 

  • 23.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Behind the News-Ranking Algorithm: Actors, Conflicts and Logics when introducing Algorithmic Automation2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Coffee with the Algorithm: Imaginaries, maintenance and care in the everyday life of a news-ranking algorithm2022Inngår i: Everyday Automation: Experiencing and Anticipating Emerging Technologies / [ed] Sarah Pink; Martin Berg; Deborah Lupton; Minna Ruckenstein, Routledge, 2022, s. 114-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter seeks to make sense of automated decision-making and the role of humans in it by zooming in on imaginaries of algorithmic automation and the socio-institutional practices these were embedded in, in the everyday life of a news-ranking algorithm. The study is set in the newsroom of a Swedish daily. Algorithms are understood as culture, as unstable and developed through a variety of imaginaries and social practices that people in institutions employ and engage in when navigating algorithmic automation. One such practice was Algorithm Coffee; involving regular meetings to discuss the working and potential bettering of the algorithm. Imaginaries revolved around technological solutionism, how the algorithm could solve the newspaper’s problem with profitability by automating tasks previously undertaken manually by an editor. Nevertheless, the algorithm was labelled editor-led, allowing human editors to still oversee some of its parameters. Thus the algorithm did not interfere with journalisms’ imagined democratic purpose. By attending to everyday social dynamics around the news-ranking algorithm, the chapter underlines how algorithms are caught up within a set of relations through which the meaning and boundaries of algorithmic automation is negotiated. Therefore, the chapter argues that the everyday impacts automation as much as automation impacts the everyday.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Depictions of old and young programmers inside tech companies2020Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Digital kulturanalys: att studera medieteknikens människor ur ett holistiskt perspektiv2023Inngår i: Tekniska mediestudier: en introduktion till metoder och teknologier, Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, s. 81-104Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet handlar om människor och medieteknik. I vår tids uppkopplade samhälle är det svårt att undvika digitala medieteknik eftersom vi kastas in ett digitalt mänskligt tillstånd som vi inte kan undkomma. Det påverkar dig, ditt liv och det samhälle som du lever i. Således är det viktigt att förstå - inte bara hur digitala medier påverkar oss som människor - utan även människorna bakom medietekniken, den kultur de kommer ifrån och i vilken de verkar. Jag har forskat på den roll som programmerare spelar för vilken medieteknik som utvecklas samt hur den utvecklas. Men hur skulle man kunna studera medieteknikens människor? I detta kapitel utgår jag ifrån teknikens mänskliga aspekter, hur teknik, samhälle och individ ömsesidigt påverkar varandra, samt ger ett verktyg för hur man kan studera medieteknikens människor utifrån en kulturell analysmodell. Med det här kapitlet som guide kommer du kvalitativt – genom intervjuer, observationer eller textanalys – kunna genomföra studier av medieteknikens människor, samt reflektera över hur teknik, människa och samhälle hör ihop och påverkar varandra. 

  • 27.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Elite and non-elite agenda-setting on Twitter: the case of #almedalen 20182019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Empowerment as an analytical tool to study ICTs in the Global South2021Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Foreign norm entrepreneurs’ mis- and disinformation narratives on LGBT+ rights in Europe2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Heteroactivism as Media Activism2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 31.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Heteroactivism as Media Activism: An explorative study of IOF online content2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This article attends to how opponents of LGBT+ rights today frame themselves as pro human rights and pro the ‘natural’ family, something that has been highlighted in the recent scholarship of heteroactivism. But the role of digital media has not yet been given the attention it deserves. Since there is reason to suspect that heteroactivism is well adapted to the logics of digital media, we therefore exploratively study the International Organization for the Family (IOF)s Twitter feed June - August 2021. The study finds that contrary to expectations, the emotional tone of the tweets was more negative than positive. This suggests that the supposed shift from anti to pro is more cosmetical and directed to the outside, while the Twitter feed is directed towards supporters. To mobilize these, IOF combines a clear positive goal with a sense of urgency being under attack by outside adversaries. 

  • 32.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    ICTs and Opportunities of Empowerment in a Context of State-Sanctioned Homophobia: The case of the LGBTQI community in Kampala2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Is Artificial Intelligence an Oxymoron? : Key questions in the age of data-essentialism2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Is there a template for human rights activism :  A study of Ugandan LGBT+ organizations digital self-presentations2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Logics, Tension & Negotiations in the Everyday Life of a News-Ranking Algorithm2023Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation attends to tensions and negotiations surrounding the introduction and development of a news-ranking algorithm in a Swedish daily. Approaching algorithms as culture, being composed of collective human practices, the study emphasizes socio-institutional dynamics in the everyday life of the algorithm. The focus on tensions and negotiations is justified from an institutional perspective and operationalized through an analytical framework of logics. Empirically the study is based on interviewswith 14 different in-house workers at the daily, journalists as well as programmers andmarket actors. The study shows that logics connected to both journalism and programming co-developed the news-ranking algorithm. Tensions and their negotiations around these logics contributed to its very development.One example is labeling of the algorithm as editor-led, allowing journalists to oversee some of its parameters. Social practices in the newsroom, such as Algorithm-Coffee, was also important for its development. In other words, different actors, tensions between them and how these were negotiated, co-constituted by the algorithm itself.

  • 36.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Logics, tensions and negotiations in the everyday life of a news-ranking algorithm2023Inngår i: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 24, nr 7, s. 1518-1535Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article attends to tensions and negotiations surrounding the introduction and development of a news-ranking algorithm in a Swedish daily. Approaching algorithms as culture, being composed of collective human practices, the study emphasizes socio-institutional dynamics in the everyday life of the algorithm. The focus on tensions and negotiations is justified from an institutional perspective and operationalized through an analytical framework of logics. Empirically the study is based on interviews with 14 different in-house workers at the daily, journalists as well as programmers and market actors. The study shows that logics connected to both journalism and programming co-developed the news-ranking algorithm. Tensions and their negotiations around these logics contributed to its very development. One example is labeling of the algorithm as editor-led, allowing journalists to oversee some of its parameters. Social practices in the newsroom, such as Algorithm-Coffee, was also important for its development. In other words, different actors, tensions between them and how these were negotiated, co-constituted by the algorithm itself.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Lurkers and the Fantasy of Persuasion in an Online Cultural Public Sphere2018Inngår i: Managing Democracy in the Digital Age: Internet Regulation, Social Media Use, and Online Civic Engagement / [ed] Julia Schwanholz, Todd Graham, Peter-Tobia Stoll, Springer, 2018, s. 223-242Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution revolves around political discussions in forum discussion threads on the Swedish online LGBTQ community platform, Qruiser. Political discussions in these online forum threads are studied as cultural participation in an online cultural public sphere. The specific question the chapter seeks to answer is what role so-called lurkers play for active participants’ meaning-making practices. Lurkers could be understood as a fantasy, an imagined audience willing to listen and be persuaded by active participants’ arguments. However, applying a Lacan inspired analytical framework, the chapter will conclude that the fantasy is not so much about the lurkers themselves (that may be imagined or just invisible), but the belief in persuasion. Hence, the answer to the question of why users participate in verbal battles with each other online would be because they are driven by a fantasy of persuasion as a way to cope with the lack of enjoyment in terms of them being split from a harmonious world of political unity.

  • 38.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Mark Andrejevic: Automated Media, Routledge, 20202020Inngår i: MedieKultur: Journal of Media and Communication Research, ISSN 0900-9671, E-ISSN 1901-9726, Vol. 36, nr 69, s. 143-146Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Modern Mathemagics: Values and Biases in Tech Culture2022Inngår i: Systemic Bias: Algorithms and Society / [ed] Filimowicz, Michael, London: Routledge, 2022, 1, s. 21-39Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to understand tech culture, its values, and its biases. The chapter revolves around a mapping of the magic metaphor in tech, how it is used, and what its function is. It concludes that the magic metaphor signals the possibility of the impossible, of solving all kinds of problems: the physical so-called “real” world has shortcomings that can be addressed through programming languages on big sets of data, which can make our world a better place in the future. Manipulation, control, and progress are themes that resonate in modernity. Therefore, I argue that tech culture could be understood as modern mathemagics. I depart from the current disenchantment with tech, most passionately addressed in the field of critical data studies. I will connect this to 16th-century theologian and philosopher Bruno’s teachings on magic, in which he argued that mathematical magic risks becoming evil.

  • 40.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Organized norm entrepreneurs’ mis- and disinformation narratives targeting LGBT+ rights in Europe: A review main narratives and potential counter measures. 2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With mis-and disinformation actively challenging the European human rights framework on LGBT+ and ample evidence of foreign actors’ norm entrepreneurship; this study analyses the narratives that can be tied to foreign actors. Based on two methods: a standard literature review of academic and ‘grey’ literature as well as complementary analysis of entries in the EUvsDisinfo database; the study identifies four main narratives that can be attributed to or sponsored by non-European actors: a) Opposing a ‘gender ideology’ and the attack on Gods order, b) Heteroactivism and the protection of the rights the ‘natural’ family  c) LGBT+ rights as colonialism by the West d) LGBT+ rights as a threat to child safety. Mis- and disinformation narratives appear to be carried out by a variety of constellations of heterogeneous actors, where international actors cooperate with European partners. Albeit the EU’s strong protection of freedom of speech, makes it challenging to address mis- and disinformation that falls outside hate-speech legislation; the following counter measures may be worthwhile exploring: 1) harmonization of European legal frameworks, 2) scrutiny of financial flows and 3) strengthened AI and human capacity to create detections systems for mis- and disinformation across digital spaces in Europe. 

  • 41.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Portraying Politics: Instagram Use in Scandinavian Election Campaigns2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Programmers imaging work2023Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How do professionals at the forefront of digital technologies perceive their own work? Conducting 39 interviews with programmers around the world I asked them to describe their workday and then reflect upon an ideal workday.  Ideals revolved around the pleasure of solving difficult problems, to disrupt and to innovate, but ultimately to make the world a better place through their work. Many talked about a pleasurable state of “flow” in which they almost merged with the computer (their work tool). The empirical material reveals two interesting differences; one is between freelance programmers and those employed in big tech. Freelance programmers, in general, valued a work-life balance, clearly separating home and office, while big tech employees, on the other hand, tended to be younger (without kids), spending time in offices that blurred boundaries between home and office, providing employees with everything from ice cream parlors to fitness centers. Second, while most programmers looked at their profession as a vocation, programmers growing up in Asia (India and China) approached their profession as a means to a comfortable and exciting life (in terms of salary and working outside of their home countries). From this study, I will suggest that sustainable socio-technical work futures will be shaped around the new, the innovative and the meaningful. Work will, also in the future, be understood as a means to earn a living, but a meaningful one, and meaningful while earning it, as well as flexible and individually adaptable.   

  • 43.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Stereotypical depictions of age in media technology industries2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reflects on the personal and professional trajectories of programmers in media technology industries and how those influence the design and development of media technologies. Algorithms respond to corporate interests (Zuboff, 2019) and values (Wachter-Boettcher, 2018). Directly or indirectly, they also reflect personal ideals (Levy, 2010) of those involved in coding. Widely discussed is how tech culture, or the everyday habits and values within tech companies, influence tech products (Wachter-Boettcher, 2018). Particularly regarding discriminatory practices related to gender, sex, or socioeconomic status (Faulkner, 2001; Wajcman 2009). For instance, how facial recognition systems fail with black women (Buolamwini and Gebru, 2018) and how this relates to the lack of diversity among programmers (Wachter-Boettcher, 2018).

    However, less studied are discriminatory practices concerning age (Ayalon & Römer, 2018). Reflecting prejudices, such practices deprioritise, disregard or exclude certain groups of people. Thus, by not taking into account habits, uses, and interest of older people, media technologies tend to reinforce ageism (Rosales & Fernández-Ardèvol, 2019).

    In this project, we interview programmers in media technology companies in Silicon Valley, Scandinavia (Stockholm, Copenhagen & Malmö), Berlin and Barcelona. Conversations revolve around participants’ past, present and future programming trajectories to reflect on their age discourses and how those shape the products they develop. Thus our research interest is on ageing ideologies within the corporate culture of media technology industries and how they influence their products and services.

    First interviews show that most participants have concerns about their abilities to continue their programming trajectories when they turn 40 years old. They point to physical declining associated with age “people doesn’t have the same energy when they are 40”, to the limitations to learning new programming languages as they become “old”, and to the team building corporate politics that fit better for singles or workers without parental responsibilities. This stereotypical depiction of old age -that begins at 40- illustrates the disconnection of companies from the interests, needs and values of their older users.

  • 44.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Technology culture as youth oriented2023Inngår i: Digital Ageism: How it operates and approaches to tackling it / [ed] Andrea Rosales; Mireia Fernández-Ardèvol; Jakob Svensson, Routledge, 2023, s. 71-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on how technology culture, from the beginning, has been geared towards the youth. Early hacking, for example, had a teenage rebellion to it, anti-authoritarian prankish boys in, first, the computer labs of established American universities and later in the garages in middle-class Silicon Valley suburbia. This resonates in the industry's more recent turn towards entrepreneurship. The chapter thus provides a backdrop to how ageism in digital technologies can be understood and made sense from a more historical and cultural perspective. The chapter also discusses how technology culture's many different roots and influences have made certain tensions apparent, for example, left-leaning hippies versus libertarian entrepreneurs. How such tensions are navigated also points towards a fundamentally youth-oriented culture. Empirically the chapter is based on an extensive interview study conducted between 2018 and 2020

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    The Power of Code2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Vem är populärast i på den politiska skolgården?2022Inngår i: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valen 2.022 av ledande forskare / [ed] Bolin, Niklas; Falasca, Kajsa; Grusell, Marie; Nord,Lars, Mittuniversitetet , 2022, s. 84-84Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    We are queer and we are here (kind of): LGBT+ rights, visibility, and sexual identity among young queers in Kampala2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Who relates to whom and according to which rationale. : Stratification and Advocacy in the Ugandan LGBT+ organization ecology onTwitter2023Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation focuses on Uganda, a country infamous for its state-sanctioned homophobia. This international attention has steadily increased the number of LGBT+ organizations in the country. In this article, we set out to study what organizations are more central and more peripheral in the Ugandan LGBT+ Twittersphere. Following an analytical framework around rationalities of mediated participation, we have studied with whom Ugandan LGBT+ organizations relate through mapping retweets and @mentions. The network maps reveal a dividing line between more well-funded and internationally connected organizations and younger, more peripheral organizations. Complementing these maps with qualitative data, we conclude that access to funds and negotiating visibility are rationales behind the network structure. The article reveals an interesting use of Twitter, both as an instrument for advocacy work and for expressing and negotiating themselves as part of a larger LGBT+ community.

  • 49.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Data Society. Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för teknik och samhälle (TS), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT).
    Who relates to whom and according to which rationale. : Stratification and Advocacy in the Ugandan LGBT+ Twittersphere2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation focuses on Uganda, a country infamous for its state-sanctioned homophobia. This international attention has steadily increased the number of LGBT+ organizations in the country. In this article, we set out to study what organizations are more central and more peripheral in the Ugandan LGBT+ Twittersphere. Following an analytical framework around rationalities of mediated participation, we have studied with whom Ugandan LGBT+ organizations relate through mapping retweets and @mentions. The network maps reveal a dividing line between more well-funded and internationally connected organizations and younger, more peripheral organizations. Complementing these maps with qualitative data, we conclude that access to funds and negotiating visibility are rationales behind the network structure. The article reveals an interesting use of Twitter, both as an instrument for advocacy work and for expressing and negotiating themselves as part of a larger LGBT+ community.  

  • 50.
    Svensson, Jakob
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3). Malmö universitet, Data Society.
    Wizards of the Web: An outsider’s journey into tech culture programming and mathemagics2021Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In our connected data societies, the importance of algorithms and automated systems is obvious. They determine search engines’ rankings, what driverless cars do when a child appears on the road, and stock market changes. Today data-driven algorithms and automated systems are everywhere.

    While algorithms and automated systems themselves are often a topic of controversy and debate, this book is about the people behind them; it is an account of the cultures, values, and imaginations that guide programmers in their work designing and engineering software and digital technology. Technology, it is argued, is not neutral and developed free of context. And since algorithms and automated systems exercise power in connected data societies, it is pivotal to understand their creators, who could be labelled, it is argued in the book, Wizards of the Web.

    This book is the result of an ethnographically inspired study based on interviews with software engineers and programmers, observations made at tech head quarters and conferences in Denmark, Sweden, Brazil, Germany, India, and the US, and a case study of the introduction of algorithmic automation on the front page of a Scandinavian newspaper.

    The author, Jakob Svensson, is professor of Media and Communication Studies at Malmö University. The book is part of the research project Behind the Algorithm (funded by the Swedish Research Council, 2018–2020). 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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