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  • 1. Adams, David
    et al.
    Andres, Lauren
    Denoon Stevens, Stuart
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Challenges, opportunities and legacies: experiencing the internationalising of UK planning curricula across space and time2020In: Town planning review, ISSN 0041-0020, E-ISSN 1478-341X, Vol. 91, no 5, p. 515-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on interviews with selected UK planning academics and survey results from current planning practitioners, this article provides valuable and timely perspectives on how internationalisation is experienced by those within and beyond the immediate institutional context. Although internationally focused planning education helps planners tackle the manifold urban challenges in the global South, the article goes on to argue that relational approaches hold much promise for planners working in so-called developed countries, including the UK, to understand the diverse needs of different diasporic communities. Such knowledge is crucial to develop sustainable planning solutions in the face of uneven processes of urban development.

  • 2.
    Adell Duveborn, Maja
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Eriksson, Arvid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Rena rama vilda västern: Den hållbara mobilitetsdiskursens påverkan på transportjämlikhet på landsbygden - upplevelser bland planerare och resenärer2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Developing and building cities in a sustainable way is essential in modern day planning. A huge factor that influences this is the transport sector. The growing discourse of sustainable mobility is transport researchers answer to this but the lack of a social sustainability  perspective motivates research in relation to transport equality. The aim of this thesis is to increase the understanding of transport equality in Scania and contribute with insights primarily of how planning measures can be developed and consequences managed. To investigate the phenomenon, we look at how the sustainable mobility discourse affects transport equality with a focus on Scanias rural areas. We mainly examine cycling and public transport as two sustainable means of transport and how various priorities between and within these modes affect equality. Through interviews with both planners and travellers we establish an understanding of the phenomenon from two different perspectives. The study shows that general goals for increased share of travels by bicycle and public transport are governing traffic planning in Scania. Based on this, we argue that sustainable mobility is considerably more influential than the transport equality perspective. One strategy that clearly shows this is the dominance of the ridership goal in public transport planning. Geographical coverage has a lower priority compared to increasing the share of travels. The study concludes that there is a car dependency in rural Scania. The car is considered the obvious mode of transport due to flexibility, dangerous cycling conditions and the limited range of public transport. The poor public transport service can be seen as a direct result of the ridership goal. Resources from routes with less demand are reallocated to stronger routes and rural traffic is negatively affected as a result. There is also an understanding among travellers that service along rural routes are expensive and therefore not as justified by planners. However, this understanding among travellers is not accepted in the same way when it comes to the limited bicycle infrastructure. There is a strong wish for improved bicycle connections between small towns and cities, however the study reveals legal and organisational obstacles to the construction of bicycle infrastructure outside urban areas. 

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  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    'I'm Not Swedish Swedish': Self-Appraised National and Ethnic Identification among Migrant-Descendants in Sweden2021In: Genealogy, E-ISSN 2313-5778, Vol. 5, no 2, article id 56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a country of high migration, Sweden presents an interesting case for the study of belongingness. For the children of migrants, ethnic and national identification, as well as ascriptive identity, can pose challenges to feelings of belongingness, which is an essential element for positive mental health. In this article, survey data were collected from 626 Swedes whose parents were born in the following countries: Somalia, Poland, Vietnam, and Turkey. The results show that Poles significantly felt they received more reflective appraisals of ascription than any other group. However, despite not feeling as if they were being ascribed as Swedish, most group members (regardless of ethnic origin) had high feelings of belongingness to Sweden. Overall, individuals who felt that being Swedish was important for their identity indicated the highest feelings of belongingness. Further, individuals across groups showed a positive correlation between their national identification and ethnic identification, indicating a feeling of membership to both. These results mirror previous research in Sweden where individuals' ethnic and national identities were positively correlated. The ability to inhabit multiple identities as a member of different groups is the choice of an individual within a pluralistic society. Multiple memberships between groups need not be contradictory but rather an expression of different spheres of inhabitance.

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  • 4. Amiranashvili, Levan
    How oligarchy affects cities: the case of Tbilisi2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 5.
    Andersen, Amalie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Pushing the Agenda: Struggles Towards Feminist Approaches to Urban Planning in Denmark2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 6.
    Andersson, Cajsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    EXTERNAL ENABLERS OF COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ACTORS ENGAGING IN THE CIRCULARECONOMY2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy has emerged as a tool for addressing the current linear economic system, producing massive amounts waste and exacerbating climate change. During the recent crises and instabilities, the potential of the circular economy has been further highlighted.However, the concept remains undefined, and little is known of its implementation inpractice. This thesis explores the circular economy and its implementation among six Swedish commercial real estate actors, through interviews and an investigation of their official documents, with the aim of discovering signs of the circular economy, how those signs have emerged and the knowledge and capabilities necessary to capitalize on them. The External Enablers Framework by Davidsson et al. (2020) is used to find the external enablers thatfacilitate a shift towards more circular business practices. The thesis discovers multiple signs of circularity in the empirical material, in targets, strategies and activities. It also identifies several external enablers potentially impacting the implementation of circular activities in existing real estate ventures, such as collaboration networks, climate change awareness andthe recent crises and instabilities. The real estate actors themselves also potentially influence the industry around them towards circularity, in an ecosystem of enablement.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Julia Antonia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lord, Joakim Richard
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Wheels of Justice: An overview of cycling infrastructure and social justice in Malmö2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bikes and cycling infrastructure have a relationship with social justice. As a transportation mode they are often viewed as democratic due to their relatively low cost and barrier of entry. However, other factors such as family size, socio-economic disparities, and cultural barriers also exist. These often-overlooked social factors disproportionately affect immigrants. In Sweden there is no official responsibility placed on governing bodies or schools to provide cycling lessons which leaves it up to individuals themselves or the civil sector to do so. In the rational planning ideal ‘soft’ interventions have been deprioritised by Malmö municipality (Malmö stad) even though they previously excelled at such social measures.

    This thesis has triangulated multiple sources of information/data using several methods: a document study, a semi-structured interview study, a GIS study, and a field study. From the gathered data and reference literature we analysed our findings through a social justice perspective. Though many definitions of social justice exist, we operated from a geographic lens, placing an emphasis on who has access to what and where, while also focusing on the removal of obstacles for people to reach their full potential (Mayhew, 2015).

    Our findings show that the rational planning ideal in its goal to avoid racism by a ‘colour blind’ approach instead manages to render certain disadvantaged groups invisible, namely foreign-born residents of low socio-economic status.

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  • 8.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United States.
    Keola, Souknilanh
    Institute of Developing Economics - Japan External Trade Organization (IDE-JETRO), Japan.
    Stamenković, Mladen
    University of Belgrade, Serbia.
    Impact and Recovery: An Analysis of the Disintegration of Yugoslavia2019In: Investigating Spatial Inequalities: Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe / [ed] Peter Gladoić Håkansson; Helena Bohman, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, p. 71-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates how night-time light images acquired from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System provide spatial and temporal insight into the economic impact of the disintegration of Yugoslavia. First, the chapter provides an overview of the economic development in Yugoslavia using conventional statistics, and second, it presents an analysis of the disintegration of the federation by comparing official statistics with night-time light data. Evaluating the impact of the disintegration of Yugoslavia as a federation and the conflicts arising in the wake of the break up is challenging since reliable data is missing. Therefore, satellite images, as one of the few sources of objective information, are potentially of great importance. We used yearly Operational Linescan System composites covering the period 1992–2013. The analysis is divided into small geographical units (districts) based on the republics in the former Yugoslavia.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Lappi, Emma
    Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School; Center for Entrepreneurship and Regional Economics (CEnSE) Jönköping International Business School.
    Malmö/Köpenhamn: kluster, samverkan, investeringar2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna vetenskapliga rapport är ett kunskapsunderlag framtaget för Tillväxtkommissionen för ett inkluderande och hållbart Malmö.

    Kommunstyrelsen i Malmö beslutade i oktober 2020 att tillsätta Tillväxtkommissionen, som är politiskt oberoende. Målet med kommissionens arbete är att ge kommunstyrelsen ett analytiskt och vetenskapligt grundat underlag med förslag för att på medellång och lång sikt förbättra förutsättningar för en inkluderande och hållbar tillväxt i Malmö. Förslagen och rekommendationerna ska vara policydrivande och realiserbara. Kommissionen ska analysera förutsättningarna för hållbar tillväxt i Malmö och utifrån Malmös utmaningar analysera orsaker och samband samt identifiera vad som är påverkbart av vem/vilka och hur.

    Författarna till kunskapsunderlagsrapporterna är ansvariga för innehållet i sina rapporter. De slutsatser, förslag och rekommendationer som redovisas i rapporterna behöver inte vara de som kommer att redovisas i Tillväxtkommissionens slutrapport. I slutrapporten kommer helhetsbilden, baserad på samtliga underlag, andra relevanta rapporter och analyser och dialog med olika aktörer, att styra vad kommissionen till slut anser vara mest angeläget att föreslå för att åstadkomma en inkluderande och hållbar tillväxt i Malmö. 

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  • 10. Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    Bryson, John
    Denoon Stevens, Stuart
    Bakare, Hakeem
    Du Toit, Katrina
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Calling for Responsible Inclusive Planning and Healthy Cities in Africa2021In: Town planning review, ISSN 0041-0020, E-ISSN 1478-341X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 195-201Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Andres, Lauren
    et al.
    Bartlett School of Planning, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Denoon-Stevens, Stuart Paul
    University of the Free State, South Africa.
    Bryson, John R.
    Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Bakare, Hakeem
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Planning for Sustainable Urban Livelihoods in Africa2022In: The Routledge Handbook on Livelihoods in the Global South / [ed] Fiona Nunan; Clare Barnes; Sukanya Krishnamurthy, Routledge, 2022, p. 335-344Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the role, success and failures of spatial planning in shaping African cities and its influence on livelihoods. To date, planning in Africa has largely failed to address the needs and livelihoods of the poor and struggled to address wider issues such as spatial and economic inclusion, health inequalities, future pandemics and climate change. Planning for sustainable livelihoods across Africa must consider the distinction between universal or more generic approaches to planning and the experience of particular places and people, specifically, accounting for the needs and practices of informal entrepreneurs. This chapter first explores how the legacy of colonial planning has impacted the segregation of spaces and hence of livelihoods, particularly those of the poorer communities. It then discusses the barriers faced by planning to address the informal nature of the livelihoods of lower-income communities. Finally, it sketches out the challenges that need to be overcome and how planning for sustainable livelihoods should thus be tackled in Africa in the future. 

  • 12.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    School of Health and Welfare, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Where does environmental sustainability fit in the changing landscapes of outdoor sports?: An analysis of logics of practice in artificial sport landscapes2023In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 727-740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental sustainability in sport is an increasingly important issue. In this paper, we want to highlight a specific phenomenon, namely artificially constructed landscapes and the outdoor sport activities that take place therein. More specifically, we are interested in the logics that govern peoples’ practice of sport in such artificial landscapes and what challenges with regards to environmental sustainability that follow from these logics. The purpose of this paper is to identify what individual athletes perceive as meaningful logics when practicing sport in artificial landscapes and to analyse and discuss potential environmental consequences of these logics. The sports we focus on are cross-country skiing and canoe slalom, two sports that historically have been dependent on specific geographies and contexts. We build on two research questions: What logics of practice govern individual athletes’ practice of sport in artificial landscapes? And what environmental challenges are potential consequences of the logics that are expressed by the athletes? Our findings indicate that the logic of performance is dominant for the sport practitioners who train in artificial landscapes, at the expense of perspectives such as nature experience and environmental sustainability. If performance is key, then the role of the training landscape is also first and foremost to present the best possible conditions for performance. But if the athlete/exerciser see their training as a means of experiencing nature, then other values than performance and comparability can become more important. When the environmental impact of individual athletes and of the artificial landscapes in which they do their training come under increased scrutiny, the role of logics of practice in the sport and movement culture needs further attention. Being aware of nature and the environment is also a logic that could be found meaningful in the process of making sports more sustainable.

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  • 13.
    Baeten, Guy
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Visioning and social sustainability versus property: The case of Norra Sorgenfri, Malmö2023In: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1951, E-ISSN 1502-5292, Vol. 77, no 5, p. 310-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article addresses the simple but pertinent question of why ambitious urban planning visions slowly lose a significant share of their aims during the implementation phase and why there often occurs a significant time span between vision and implementation. Using the development of the deindustrialised Norra Sorgenfri neighbourhood in central Malmö, Sweden, as an example, the author enquires into why developing the area became so complicated, and why the original vision, with its focus on social sustainability, largely disappeared despite private developers having invested in land acquisition in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Based on document analysis of the vision for Norra Sorgenfri from 2006 and the subsequent planning programme from 2008, as well as interviews with planners and property developers, this article seeks to highlight the mechanisms due to which the implementation of the Norra Sorgenfri plans differs from original visions and strategies, as well as examine why the process was so slow. The authors conclude that the planning office’s ‘visioning’ becomes powerless in the face of ‘property-led regeneration’ where private developers have most of the decision-making power, and that the ‘social sustainability’ ideal cannot be achieved through physical regeneration alone. 

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  • 14.
    Baeten, Guy
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Valli, ChiaraMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Smart Cities for City Officials: A Social Sciences approach.2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Bakare, Hakeem
    et al.
    Department of Strategy and International Business, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK.
    Stevens, Stuart Denoon
    Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, Republic of South Africa.
    Melgaço, Lorena
    Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Informality and Temporary Urbanism as Defiance: Tales of the Everyday Life and Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa2020In: Transforming Cities Through Temporary Urbanism: A Comparative International Overview / [ed] Lauren Andres; Amy Y. Zhang, Springer, 2020, p. 61-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of informality in African citizens’ everyday survival reflects the strategies and attitudes of citizens towards state plans and policies. This chapter dissociates the discussion of temporary urbanism from its typical Global North perspective to explore how this concept plays out in a Southern context, namely Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We look at the relationships between temporary urban settlements, citizens’ resilience to socio-economic deprivation, loss of trust in government, and resistance to neoliberal policies in such a context. The chapter begins with a historical account of informality in SSA in order to explain its socio-political construction in the present. We then explore how informality is addressed in its ‘temporariness’ as a state strategy to evade the realities of African cities or to avoid providing adequate housing. The overall argument of this chapter is that there is a need for attitudinal change in the political disposition to informality, which could help to recognise the value and permanence of informality in SSA.

  • 16.
    Benson, Michael
    et al.
    College of Interdisciplinary Studies, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC V9B 5Y2, Canada.
    Boda, Chad
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, P.O. Box 170, SE-222 70 Lund, Sweden.
    Das, Runa R
    College of Interdisciplinary Studies, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC V9B 5Y2, Canada.
    King, Leslie
    School of Environment and Sustainability, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC V9B 5Y2, Canada.
    Park, Chad
    The Co-Operators Group Limited, Guelph, ON N1H 6P8, Canada.
    Sustainable Development and Canada’s Transitioning Energy Systems2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 2213-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An energy transition is unfolding in Canada and across the world. During this transition, countries are facing increasing demands for their energy systems to address economic, social, and environmental considerations, including providing affordable and reliable energy, reducing inequality, and producing fewer environmental impacts. First, we identify key themes from the academic literature related to energy transitions: the systems perspective; economic, social, and environmental considerations; collaboration and dialogue; and social innovation. Second, we focus on a case study of a critical actor in Canada’s energy transition, the Energy Futures Lab (EFL), a social innovation lab that is actively working on the energy transition in Canada. We interviewed members of the EFL design team to investigate and deepen our understanding of the key themes identified in the academic literature. Third, we discuss how our research results relate to innovation and governance in the energy transition in Canada, and we offer an Integrated Model of Sustainable Development (SD) to help manage the common affairs of the energy transition. Fourth, we offer a theoretical contribution, arguing that both the ends and the means should be considered in an energy transition. It is important to keep in mind the overarching objective, or end, of the energy transition (e.g., alignment with the sustainability principles) to create the energy system that the future requires of us. Finally, we offer a practical contribution to show that SD can help inform a collaborative approach, that promotes innovation and increases knowledge, in an effort to address complex sustainability challenges.

  • 17.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia, Ukraine and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Dragojevic, Marko
    University of Kentucky, USA.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Sticking Together?: Georgia’s “Beached” Armenians Between Mobilization and Acculturation2021In: Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, ISSN 1353-7113, E-ISSN 1557-2986, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 109-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the USSR fell apart and independent countries took its place, minorities across Eurasia found themselves stranded in nationalizing states. This article focuses on one of these “beached diasporas”: Georgia’s Armenians. Through a mixed-methods approach, consisting of interviews with activists and a sociolinguistic experiment administered to adolescents (N = 529), we uncover differences among Armenians in their reactions to Georgia’s nationalization policies. Armenians from the borderland of Javakheti mobilized in defence of the in-group but their co-ethnics from the capital of Tbilisi opted for acculturation. These intragroup differences demonstrate that members of the same ethnic group can react to the same nationalization policies along disparate lines, thus adding nuance to the literature on beached diasporas in the post-Soviet space.

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  • 18.
    Bittmann, Nora
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Alternative Housing Projects “Beyond Market and State”: On the In(ter)dependence of Housing Commons in Germany2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the viability of housing commons as an alternative to commercial and public housing provision is examined. With rising financial burdens for renters in German cities over the past ten years, and state and market failing to provide affordable and accessible housing, claims to (re)communalize and decommodify housing are on the rise. The study is contextualized through tracing changing housing policies post-1945, and historic accounts of housing commons in the German context. Arguing for the advantages of conceptualizing housing as a common good, the applicability, limitations, and contradictions of this approach are explored. Founded in the “new commons” literature, the paper highlights the specific characteristics and challenges of urban housing commons and considers them regarding the complex in(ter)dependencies with market and state.

    Seven semi-structured interviews with residents of alternative housing projects (based on the principles of decommodification and self-management) and people from supporting organizations were conducted to gain insights into the community. It shows that internal group dynamics, interaction with outside actors on different levels, and the high prerequisites for creating and maintaining housing commons create multiple stress factors, currently preventing the housing commons to unfold their full potential. Mainly the high real estate prices and the consequent need to contribute equity capital prevent the housing commons from becoming a large-scale alternative to other housing providers.

    The paper stipulates that despite the threat of more rigid regulation, cooperation with the state is a promising way forward for the housing commons to overcome market pressures and provide a much-needed relief to overburdened renters in the German housing market, while simultaneously opening the possibility to “commonalise” the state.

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  • 19.
    Björk, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Socialt i Vallastaden: En studie av offentliga rum i Vallastaden2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    With increased urbanization and a larger number of people choosing to move into cities, the importance of a good urban environment also increases. Along with this, the use of public space for social purposes has achieved an increased relevance. This essay is a study that deals with and analyses how the physical urban design of public places and perceived space affect social interactions and how these are applied to two different public places. This study is focused on the urban design of the physical environment for public usage and the perceived space by the users. Previous studies suggest that the perception of space will affect social interactions and use of the space.

    The study has been carried out in two different public places in the newly built residential area Vallastaden in the municipality of Linköping. The two public spaces that were selected for the study was; (1) the square named Nobeltorget, and (2) the green area Paradiset.

    The purpose of the study was to study people's interaction with urban design and how the design can contribute to the residents' social life. The purpose of this study was also to analyze which qualities are important to increase and promote the use of public places.Theoretically, the study is based on three theories that describe in different ways the importance of public places and how public places are created so that people want to stay there. This study is based on theories by, eg Matthew Carmona ́s theory about the physical environments role on social life, David Madden ́s thinking about social exclusion and Ali Madanipour ́s theory about public spaces availability. The study departs from the perspective of an urban planner, therefore, the relationship between the user and the city structure plays a key role. In order to try to discern in what way public places contribute to social meetings and interactions and which qualities can be assumed to be important for the planning of a public place. To answer the essay's purpose, different methods have been used. These are a document study, a literature study, observations and interviews.

    The essay shows that the public places in a city district have great importance for social life and that different public places have different functions in the city. This is a prerequisite for people to meet, which is a necessity for a community and a social life in the city.

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  • 20. Boda, Chad
    Applying frame analysis and reframing for integrated conservation and development: Example from Mumbai2017In: Development in Practice, ISSN 0961-4524, E-ISSN 1364-9213, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 528-543Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Boda, Chad
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS).
    Community as a key word: a heuristic for action-oriented sustainability research2018In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1-19, article id 2775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I outline the foundations of a consistent and systematic approach to conceptualizing communities in action-oriented sustainability research. More specifically, I develop a conceptual heuristic based on key questions related to ontology, epistemology, methodology and motivation that should be useful for researchers regarding the process of initiating, clarifying and reporting on research with communities. While the use of the community concept in sustainability research is particularly prominent, variability in the possible types of social groupings combined with the concept’s long and complicated etymology in the English language means the community concept lends itself easily to ambiguous and unspecified use. This can lead to problems of both conceptual vagueness and concept-object mismatch in scientific research, which in turn can influence the applicability and efficacy of research outcomes. While problems with community conceptualization are generally recognized, the heuristic developed here contributes by providing researchers with a framework and procedure for addressing these persistent challenges. The heuristic supports the rational and systematic development of a community concept that is sensitive to concrete contextual characteristics, while maintaining roots in a consistent philosophy of scientific knowledge production.

  • 22.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    Flagler Beach without a beach? Researcher lays out erosion’s implications at workshop2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23. Boda, Chad
    Flagler’s beach could die as seas rise2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Boda, Chad
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Sweden.
    From economic choice to social choice in coastal management: a critical assessment of the use of cost-benefit analysis in the evaluation of an erosion control project in Flagler County, Florida, USA2018In: Ocean and Coastal Management, ISSN 0964-5691, E-ISSN 1873-524X, Vol. 162, p. 85-99Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    Good, bad and ugly of beach-building2017In: Daytona Beach News Journal, no 20170125Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    Nature Is Dying. Florida Is Sinking. Are Republicans Up to the Challenge?2018Other (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Boda, Chad
    Lund University Center of Excellence for Integration of the Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability (LUCID).
    Power and rationality in coastal planning: effects on participation and possibility in the management of barrier island dunes in Flagler Beach, Florida, USA2015In: Journal of Coastal Conservation, ISSN 1400-0350, E-ISSN 1874-7841, Vol. 19, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    Seawalls and the tyranny of small decisions2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    The beach beneath the road: sustainable coastal development beyond governance and economics2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Boda, Chad
    Lund University Centre of Excellence for Integration of the Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability.
    The entrepreneurial Sunshine State: Neoliberalism, growth management and environmental conservation in Florida2018In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 838-862Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Boda, Chad
    LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies).
    Why a seawall in Flagler Beach could harm sea turtles and violate the law2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Boda, Chad
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Jerneck, Anne
    Lund University.
    Enabling local adaptation to climate change: towards collective action in Flagler Beach, Florida, USA2019In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 157, p. 631-649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local communities around the world are directly exposed to impacts of climate change. It is also clear that many local governments are politically and economically constrained in their capacity to implement needed adaptations. These constraints can restrict adaptation options to incremental, or even maladaptive, practices. At the same time, necessary transformational actions may remain out of reach for local actors. Building on five years of collaborative research with the city of Flagler Beach (FL, USA), we draw on political process theories to describe how incremental adaptation activities that are possible within current constraints can serve to build local capacity for instigating reforms at higher scales of social organization. We use the concept of a collective action strategy to conceptualize how context-specific barriers to adaptation can be overcome. From our analysis, an idealized multi-step process for designing collective action strategies is presented. The study advances scholarship on limits to adaptation beyond the diagnosis of barriers to action by taking steps towards developing context-specific strategies for overcoming these barriers.

  • 33.
    Boda, Chad S
    Lund University Center of Excellence for Integration of the Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability (LUCID), Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    The politics of landscape production in the history of development along Florida’s Atlantic coast2017In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 361-374Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Boda, Chad S
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    The road traveled and pathways forward: A review of Loss and Damage from Climate Change2019In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 156, no 3, p. 293-297Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Boda, Chad S
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Values, science, and competing paradigms in sustainability research: furthering the conversation2021In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 2157-2161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability science is fundamentally a problem-driven and solutions-oriented science which necessitates engagement with questions of interdisciplinarity and normativity. Nagatsu et al. (2020) recently investigated the significance of these peculiar characteristics and produce a useful and timely overview of the problems facing sustainability science, as a science. Perhaps the most crucial and crosscutting challenge they identify regards the need for researchers to justify the particular values guiding sustainability research. In the spirit of advancing Nagatsu et al.’s agenda for further developing the role of values in sustainability science, I argue two things. First, that there are in practice several active and competing approaches to dealing with the problem of normativity in sustainablity science that provide options to researchers. Second, that this unresolved tension at the core of sustainability science points to a more overarching problem, namely the need to more explicitly identify coherent, competing research paradigms within the field.

  • 36.
    Boda, Chad S
    et al.
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS).
    Faran, Turaj
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS).
    Paradigm found? Immanent critique to tackle interdisciplinarity and normativity in science for sustainable development2018In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 10, article id 3805Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of this two-part article is to argue for immanent critique as a research strategy in sustainability studies. We do this by picking up and developing two central, cross-cutting themes in sustainability research, namely interdisciplinarity and normativity. It is widely suggested that the problem-driven and solution-focused orientation in sustainability studies necessitates interdisciplinarity and an engagement with questions of normativity, each creating problems regarding how science is conducted. For interdisciplinarity, questions remain regarding by what scientific procedure rational (i.e., non-arbitrary) interdisciplinarity can be accomplished. For normativity, it is unclear whether normativity can be addressed scientifically, or only politically; in other words, can normativity be objectively incorporated in sustainability research, and if so, how? Ultimately, the paper asks and answers the following questions: when should a researcher move from one discipline to another in sustainability research and, how do we judge the validity of the normative values that are deemed necessary for sustainability? In Part I, we show the silences, gaps, vagueness and inadequacies of how these themes are currently addressed in sustainability science literature, and from this move to propose immanent critique as a potential strategy for dealing with them in a scientific manner. In Part II, we exemplify our strategy by applying it to re-construct the debate over sustainable development, by far the most prominent topical focus in sustainability science research, producing a novel systematized typology of sustainable development approaches in the process. We conclude with reflections on how this paper amounts to an initial contribution to the construction of a Lakatosian research programme in sustainability studies.

  • 37. Boda, Chad S
    et al.
    Faran, Turaj
    The Discipline in Interdisciplinarity: Flagging a Blind-Spot in Sustainability Science2019In: Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences, ISSN 2594-3405, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 21-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Boda, Chad S
    et al.
    Lund Unviversity.
    Faran, Turaj
    Lund Unviversity.
    Scown, Murray
    Utrecht University.
    Dorkenoo, Kelly
    Lund University.
    Chaffin, Brian C
    University of Montana.
    Nastar, Maryam
    Lund University.
    Boyd, Emily
    Lund University.
    Loss and damage from climate change and implicit assumptions of sustainable development2021In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 164, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Loss and damage from climate change, recognized as a unique research and policy domain through the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) in 2013, has drawn increasing attention among climate scientists and policy makers. Labelled by some as the “third pillar” of the international climate regime—along with mitigation and adaptation—it has been suggested that loss and damage has the potential to catalyze important synergies with other international agendas, particularly sustainable development. However, the specific approaches to sustainable development that inform loss and damage research and how these approaches influence research outcomes and policy recommendations remain largely unexplored. We offer a systematic analysis of the assumptions of sustainable development that underpins loss and damage scholarship through a comprehensive review of peer-reviewed research on loss and damage. We demonstrate that the use of specific metrics, decision criteria, and policy prescriptions by loss and damage researchers and practitioners implies an unwitting adherence to different underlying theories of sustainable development, which in turn impact how loss and damage is conceptualized and applied. In addition to research and policy implications, our review suggests that assumptions about the aims of sustainable development determine how loss and damage is conceptualized, measured, and governed, and the human development approach currently represents the most advanced perspective on sustainable development and thus loss and damage. This review supports sustainable development as a coherent, comprehensive, and integrative framework for guiding further conceptual and empirical development of loss and damage scholarship.

  • 39.
    Boda, Chad S
    et al.
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Harnesk, David
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Three crucial considerations when presenting alternative paradigms in sustainability research2022In: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, ISSN 2190-6483, E-ISSN 2190-6491, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 652-656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability science (SS) is diverse field of problem-driven and solution-oriented research that is still developing. The further maturation of the field relies on its practitioners formulating alternative paradigms to use-inspired knowledge production to facilitate comparison and reasoned judgment on what constitutes scientific best practices. In this short article, we flag several blind spots that can arise in attempts to articulate potential paradigms in SS. We identify and discuss three crucial components that should be included when constructing and presenting potential paradigms in the field, namely the necessity of 1) comparing suggested alternatives with available competitors, 2) preserving scientific integrity in scientific knowledge production, and 3) clarifying the particular contribution of scientific knowledge to social change. Keeping sight of these three important issues will allow the still developing field of SS to mature in a way that builds on scientific comparison and reasoned judgment among the field’s practitioners, with implications for advancing its research agenda. The issues we outline here should not only concern authors, but reviewers and editors of SS journals as well. 

  • 40.
    Boda, Chad S
    et al.
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    O’Byrne, David
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Harnesk, David
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Faran, Turaj
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    Isgren, Ellinor
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund, Sweden.
    A collective alternative to the Inward Turn in environmental sustainability research2022In: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, ISSN 2190-6483, E-ISSN 2190-6491, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 291-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has become quite common in environmental sustainability research to promote the influencing of so-called inner dimensions of individuals as means to address pressing environmental problems such as climate change, what we refer to as the Inward Turn. We argue that the conceptual foundations of the Inward Turn, an extreme form of methodological individualism, limit it significantly as a strategy for addressing climate change and other socially relevant environmental problems. After briefly reviewing major shortcomings with the way the Inward Turn conceptualizes the relationship between individuals and social change, including its neglect of causal structures and propensity to abstract its analysis away from problems that are specific to place and time, we sketch the basic tenets of an alternative methodological approach capable of overcoming these limitations. Our approach, however, does not go to the other extreme and neglect the role of individuals; rather, our recognition of the structural drivers of particular environmental problems points to the necessity of specific collective actions by individuals, for example, in the practice of social movements. This recognition demands a rethinking of the role of individual factors, like emotion and empathy, in addressing environmental sustainability problems, namely as they relate to collective action/social movement emergence, development, and outcomes.

  • 41.
    Boda, Chad
    et al.
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Scown, Murray
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Faran, Turaj
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Nastar, Maryam
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Dorkenoo, Kelly
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Chaffin, Brian
    c W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, U.S.A.
    Boyd, Emily
    Lund University Center for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    Framing Loss and Damage from climate change as the failure of Sustainable Development2021In: Climate and Development, ISSN 1756-5529, E-ISSN 1756-5537, Vol. 13, no 8, p. 677-684Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Boda, Chad
    et al.
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, LUCSUS.
    Scown, Murray W
    Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Faran, Turaj
    Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, LUCSUS.
    Forgotten coast, forgotten people: sustainable development and disproportionate impacts from Hurricane Michael in Gulf County, Florida2022In: Natural Hazards, ISSN 0921-030X, E-ISSN 1573-0840, no 111, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central challenge for sustainable development is how societies are to avoid, minimize or address impacts from anthropogenic climate change. However, competing perspectives on “what should be sustained” lead to widely different understandings of what mitigation, adaptation and loss and damage entail and how best to approach them. We provide a novel conceptual and empirical comparison of two contrasting sustainable development-based approaches to the study of impacts from climate-related extreme events: Capital Theory and capability-based Human Development. We use our analysis of immediate residential property value and housing capacity impacts caused by Hurricane Michael in Gulf County, Florida, to demonstrate how the sustainable development theory used to assess and interpret impacts greatly affects the identification of whom and where is objectively “most impacted.” Through a comparison of the two approaches, we identify relative advantages and disadvantages, emphasizing that while both provide coherent, comprehensive, and integrative approaches to climate-related impact assessment, the capability approach is much less likely to lead researchers and practitioners to overlook the most disadvantaged communities when compared to Capital Theory.

  • 43.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jandrić, Maja
    University of Belgrade, Serbia.
    Osland, Liv
    Western Norway University, Norway.
    On an Equal Footing? Comparing Commuting Patterns Across Space and Gender2019In: Investigating Spatial Inequalities: Mobility, Housing and Employment in Scandinavia and South-East Europe / [ed] Peter Gladoić Håkansson; Helena Bohman, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019, p. 177-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Geographical mobility is often considered fundamental to a well-functioning labour market, and thus to the economy as a whole. Typically, geographical mobility can be achieved either through commuting or through migration. Commuting can be considered important for households to have access to job market opportunities and for business to access labour, skills and competencies. Previous research has found commuting patterns to differ between men and women, for example, in the sense that women travel shorter distances and rely more on public transport. However, we also know that factors such as higher education can influence an individual’s decision to commute, possibly because of specialization and a higher salary. As women’s education level approaches, or surpasses, that of men’s, one would expect to see more similarities between the travel behaviour of the two genders. In this study, we analyse gender patterns of commuting in Norway, Serbia and Sweden. We specifically address the issue of gender gap in commuting. Findings show that though there are signs of convergence, there are large regional variations. The gender gap is decreasing primarily in the more urban regions, while it is decreasing less, and even increasing, given the various levels of aggregation, in the more rural areas.

  • 44.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2–The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2–The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport.
    Borrowed sizes: A hedonic price approach to the value of network structure in public transport systems2021In: Journal of Transport and Land Use, ISSN 1938-7849, E-ISSN 1938-7849, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Property prices are known to be higher in places with high accessibility, such as in proximity to train stations and especially to commuter rail, than in places without this access. This study provides a better understanding of how regional accessibility, through the structure of railway networks, can influence local agglomeration economies by providing accessibility to large labor markets. Previous literature has shown a positive impact of proximity to railway stations on housing prices, and our study adds to the literature by analyzing the impact of network structure. We argue that public transport systems can support the benefits of city networks in line with Alonso’s concept of borrowed sizes (1973). Using network theory to measure accessibility provided by the network, we show that stations that provide accessibility to large labor markets across the region are perceived as more attractive by households. Cities in proximity to other cities are strengthened through their public transport links, which allow agglomeration benefits to be exploited by residents.

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  • 45.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Dags att tänka nytt om platser för idrott och fysisk aktivitet: Utbud, tillgänglighet och flexibilitet2022In: Idrottsanläggningar – i dag och i morgon: Om behov, tillgänglighet och konkurrerande intressen / [ed] Centrum för idrottsforskning, Stockholm: Centrum för Idrottsforskning , 2022, p. 21-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin inleds med ett kapitel av Karin Book, disputerad i kulturgeografi och universitetslektor i idrottsvetenskap vid Malmö universitet. Book har lång erfarenhet av forskning och utvecklingsprojekt i frågor kopplade till ytor och anläggningar för idrott och fysisk aktivitet. Hon är även flitigt anlitad av idrotts- rörelsen och av kommuner som forskare och expert i frågor rörande idrottens och den fysiska aktivitetens roll i den fysiska planeringen, om hållbar utveckling och om stadsutveckling. I denna text bidrar Book med en reflekterande text om människors tillgänglighet till idrott och fysisk aktivitet med fokus på just anläggningsfrågor. Book visar med belysande exempel att det går att lägga många och skilda perspektiv på begrepp som ”idrottsanläggning” och ”tillgänglighet”. Hon varnar även för förenklade antaganden och förhastade slutsatser. Som exempel påpekar hon att fler anläggningar inte med automatik leder till ökade idrottsaktiviteter. Individers reella tillgänglighet till idrottsytor påverkas även av faktorer som personliga intressen, samhälleliga trender, socioekonomiska förutsättningar och tillgången till kulturella nätverk. Hon redogör även för det Vinnova-finansierade projektet Equalizer där forskare, arkitekter och Malmö stad gick samman för att utveckla nya verktyg med målet att göra existerande aktivitetsplatser i Malmö mer jämställda och inkluderande.

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  • 46.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Eskilsson, Lena
    Coming Out in Copenhagen: Homo Sports Events in City Marketing2010In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 314-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intense competition between places means that new and more differentiated marketing strategies are becoming increasingly important in order to attract visitors and other target groups. In order to be seen, gain positive media attention and put the place on the map many cities try to develop marketing concepts based on experiences, among other things. One such strategy used by many places is to focus on sports, including big events and arenas as well as different kinds of sports activities. Another present-day strategy is to highlight and commercialize 'the different', for instance homosexuals. An interesting phenomenon in this context is the merging of sports and homosexuals and the use of this as an economic development strategy. In this essay we analyse the homo sports event World Outgames as an outcome in the intersection between city marketing, the commercialization of sports and the commercialization of homo culture.

  • 47.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Eskilsson, Lena
    Kahn, Jamil
    Governing the balance between sustainability and competitiveness in urban planning: the case of the Orestad model2010In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 382-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban development politics are being challenged in various ways today, which becomes obvious when analysing strategies for sustainability versus competitiveness. In parallel to this, alternative ways of financing, planning and organizing urban development and transport projects are becoming more common. However, although the use of publicly owned enterprises in urban development is becoming more common it is still a fairly new phenomenon and differs considerably from development led by a traditional government agency. The question analysed in this article is how well equipped these new governing arrangements are to handle goals of both sustainability and economic competitiveness. As a case study we use a special financial and planning model used in the development of public transport (the metro) and a new urban area (Orestad) in Copenhagen, here called the Orestad model. Special focus is given on the creation of the Orestad Development Corporation, a new hybrid development organization, which was given the mandate to develop both Orestad and the metro. The study shows that there is a lot to gain from both a sustainability and an efficiency perspective by integrating land use development and public transport infrastructure in the same hybrid project organization. While there is definitely a tension between the goals of sustainability and competitive image building, the two do not have to be mutually exclusive. Even though the role of the state is transformed in this new governance arrangement, our case clearly shows how the state remains a crucial actor in sustainability governance. However, there is an obvious risk of a lack of strategic thinking and accountability when a hybrid project-oriented organization is responsible for planning.

  • 48.
    Bruijs, Karlijn
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    BREAKING BARRIERS: Unveiling Best Practices for Promoting Urban Cycling2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the barriers faced by cities in their efforts to increase the number of urban cyclists and aims to identify best practices to fulfil cities' ambitions. The research explores the multi-dimensional nature of the obstacles and highlights the significance of understanding and addressing them effectively. By examining bike policies, sustainable mobility programs, existing literature, and conducting interviews with experts, this study provides insights into the common themes that prevent cities from achieving their goals. The findings contribute to the development of best practices that can support cities in their ambition to increase urban cycling.This study is a multi-case study, where the study compares the city Malmö and The Hague. The Hague is a leading example for bicycle use, while Malmö strives to become a bicycle-friendly city. The methodology employed in this research includes several components: a literature review to explore barriers and enablers of urban cycling, a theoretical analysis, a comprehensive review of bike policies and sustainable mobility documents in both cities and interviews to delve deeper into recurring themes identified in the document analysis. The discussion section integrates the literature review, theory, and results, highlighting the best practices for promoting urban cycling.In this study, the theory of path dependency is employed, which refers to a process where initial moves lead to further moves in the same direction, limiting future choices. It involves three phases: Preformation, Formation, and Lock-in. Additionally, the theoretical framework incorporates the three factors of path dependence identified by Low et al. (2005). These factors are relevant to the study because they relate to urban planning and active transport. The three factors are: technical, institutional, and discursive. Overall, understanding path dependency and its factors (technical, institutional, and discursive) enables more effective strategies in urban planning and active transportation to overcome barriers and promote sustainable cities.Through an analysis of previous research, theory, and results it becomes evident that the establishment of a support base and the implementation of a combination of hard and soft measures play a crucial role in fulfilling cities' bike ambitions. The support base requires diverse stakeholders to understand and support bike policies. Effective communication help engage stakeholders and expand support. Overplanning with various options enhances policy resilience. Striking a balance between hard and soft measures is crucial for increasing urban cyclists. Hard measures like infrastructure development are initially important, but a balanced approach ensures an effective strategy.By adopting these best practices, cities can successfully increase the number of urban cyclists. However, it is important to emphasize that achieving this ambition goes beyond formulating a policy; it requires the establishment of a support base and a balanced approach that incorporates both hard and soft measures. This study provides cities with insights into potential barriers and enablers, offering guidance for examining their specific urban contexts and working towards their cycling goals.

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  • 49.
    Carmona, Matthew
    et al.
    The Bartlett School of Planning, UCL, London, UK.
    Sandkjær Hanssen, Gro
    Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Lamm, Bettina
    Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Nylund, Katarina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Saglie, Inger-Lise
    Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.
    Tietjen, Anne
    Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Public space in an age of austerity2019In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 241-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through an overview of the decade 2008 to 2017, and looking comparatively across four northern European cities, this paper reflects on the changing nature of public space during these austerity years and on the processes of shaping public spaces. The paper draws from the experiences of London, Copenhagen, Malmo and Oslo to explore processes of the design, development, use and management of public spaces during this period. The evidence suggests that we have witnessed a period of significant innovation, side by side with major challenges to the collective approach to public spaces. This has led to distinct forms of public spaces that for good or ill have multiplied as a result of the trends discussed in the paper, spaces of; expectation; the private/public sphere; spectacle; respite; infrastructure; diversion; income generation; security; the ephemeral city; community control; occupation; disadvantage; and decline. Episodes of changing practice are set out in the paper and cumulatively reveal distinct and significant changes during the austerity era, although not necessarily in the manner that might have been expected. Instead, in these four cities, the impact of austerity seems to have been eclipsed by other evolving and competing public policy goals, and by the evolving range of public space types.

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  • 50.
    Celik, Özlem
    et al.
    University of Helsinki.
    Fonseca Alfaro, Claudia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Kadıoğlu Polat, Defne
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Melgaco, Lorena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Book Review. Helga Leitner, Jamie Peck and Eric Sheppard (eds.) 2020: Urban Studies Inside/Out: Theory, Method, Practice. London: Sage2021In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 393-394Article, book review (Other academic)
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