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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Robin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Social Media and Human Rights: An Investigation into Twitter and Facebook´s Commitment Towards Human Rights2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper has focused on Twitter and Meta (Facebook). The research paper will present their commitments towards human rights as stated within their CSR reports. The company’s will be compared through comparative method and the material will be coded with a content analysis method. The material selected is CSR reports, NGO reports, law cases and official statements. With institutional theory and stakeholder theory the research paper presents a human rights perspective and discuss the credibility of the companies. The focus will be on selected variables, these variables being: Access to information, Right to privacy, and Freedom of expression. A comparison will be the structure of the analysis. The findings will be presented within the conclusion and the research questions will be answered in an adequate way and discuss the credibility and legitimacy of the companies. The discussion will present the variables and the future within social media.

  • 2.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR Globe Cross-Cultural Inc, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Dublin University, Dublin, Ireland.
    “Traduttore, Traditore” One More Time: Happy Well-Being Index2023Ingår i: Globalization, Human Rights and Populism: Reimagining People, Power and Places / [ed] Adebowale Akande, Springer, 2023, s. 817-846Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Like indicators of time, season and weather, hours or days, and dates of spring, summer, fall, and winter, social indicators guide and monitor social conditions of human beings. This chapter presents a new composite indicator. The Happy Well-Being Index (HWI) is based on general utilitarian principle and the assumption that underlying cultural values will ‘always be crucial in promoting technology and design’ in determining human actions and behavior and the measurement of happiness, wisdom and human well-being. Designed with a value of a function of ecological footprint per capita, subjective life satisfaction and life expectancy at birth, to guide, monitor, and promote a truly sustainable development process—a development that improves the quality of human life and support ecosystems at the global level. With the near-arithmetic structure of some of the best-known multidimensional well-being measures, it is built to ensure extensive democratic support for the choices to be converted to sustainable growth and development. As an index it covers the essential things that are important to humans—well-being, sustainability, long life, and happiness that can be perceived through the spectrum of planetary well-being and human well-beings, with the assumption that both are commonly linked and positively influenced each other.

  • 3.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR Globe Cross-Cultural Inc, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Dublin University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA.
    Adetoun, Jibola
    IIR, Chicago, IL, USA.
    The Moon, the Ghetto, and Clusters of Intelligence: Comparison And Evaluation of Models of Learning Styles And Approaches - Global Settings, Global Samples, Global Syllabi2023Ingår i: Globalization, Human Rights and Populism: Reimagining People, Power and Places / [ed] Adebowale Akande, Springer, 2023, s. 501-512Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to compare cross-cultural variability to learning in Australian, Canadian, Hong Kong, Nigerian and South African global samples using Learning Process Questionnaire (LPQ: Biggs, The learning process questionnaire (LPQ) manual. Australian Council for Educational Research, 1987; Australian Psychologist, 23, 197–206, 1988; British Journal of Educational Psychology, 63, 3–19, 1993). Different formal indices aimed at identifying the motives and strategies that comprise those approaches that emphasise creative, analytical, learning skills, as well as practical thinking or open-minded reasoning and memory-related skills, were identified and operationalized. The empirical exploration of the framework was applied to the analysis of 602 participants; data subsumed to different robust constructs. The assumption of male variability in learning strategies is questioned. The interaction of gender and culture is likened to two sides of the same coin (proverbial hedgehog vs fox), which is meant to enhance human learning. Results uphold cross-cultural support for the dimensions of deep and surface strategies; despite the differences in learning conceptualizations, the strategies utilized by students in the Western educational context are similar to those used by their African counterparts. In addition, discussion focuses on the implications of this desideratum for scale development, taxonomy construction, and theory building that are generalizable to a wide range of cultures.  Of course, a full examination of these novel differences requires more thorough, systematic fine-ingrained inquiry.

  • 4.
    Aldegren, Josefin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Enhancing Sámi Participation in EU Arctic Policymaking: Lessons from the Arctic Council2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how to enhance Sámi participation in EU Arctic policymaking processes by adopting and adapting participatory practices from the Arctic Council. Through a qualitative content analysis of policy documents and elite interviews, the study identifies that the EU can learn from the Arctic Council by recognizing the Sámi as internal actors, developing their collaborative platforms, and integrating Indigenous Knowledge into policymaking processes. This thesis develops a conceptual framework, integrating the concepts of procedural and intergovernmental self-determination, epistemic belonging, and organizational interdependency to define meaningful Indigenous participation and influence, which guides the analysis. Using this framework, the study contrasts the Arctic Council’s successful practices, where Indigenous Peoples Organizations are treated as equals, with the EU’s tendency to view the Sámi as an external Indigenous group outside of EU borders. The study identifies opportunities for the EU to translate participatory mechanisms that reflect the Sámi’s unique position and integrate their knowledge, as well as barriers such as treaty and resource constraints. By translating Artic Council practices into soft-law, the EU can create an inclusive atmosphere, contributing to meaningful Sámi participation.  

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  • 5.
    Anderlini, Michel
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Möjligheter och begränsningar för EU:s aktörskap i södra Kaukasus2020Ingår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 34, s. 155-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite significant institutional changes and refinements since its creation in 2004, the ENP(European Neighborhood Policy) remains a major tool available to the EU for providing incentivesfor reform and stability in non-member states through the diffusion of its norms and rules.Earlier studies, drawing on the Europeanization conceptual framework, have been mostly concernedabout how and by which mechanisms compliance with EU rules takes place, rather thanfocusing on whether and to what extent it occurs. By contrast, this article assesses the actorness ofthe EU in three countries of the South Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan), viewingactorness as composed of three dimensions – capability, opportunity, and presence – enabling andconstraining the aspirations of the EU to be an international actor in the South Caucasus.

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  • 6.
    Anderlini, Michel Vincent
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Implementation Is the Hardest Word: Explaining Georgia’s (Non)-Compliance with European Union Acquis2023Ingår i: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous studies have looked into why and how EU-supported policies are adopted in non–EU member states. However, the practical implementation of such policies has only received modest scholarly attention. This article shows that EU policies, once adopted, continue to be negotiated and resisted during their implementation phase. Based on interviews with experts involved in twelve Twinning projects in Georgia, this article aims to uncover the mechanisms behind less successful compliance with the EU acquis: insufficient administrative capacity and the politicized nature of public administration are likely to significantly affect the degree to which EU law is implemented.

  • 7.
    Anderlini, Michel Vincent
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Russia, Ukraine and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    The Mundane Face of Europeanization: Norm Implementation through Expert Interactions in Georgia 2012-20202023Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous studies, using the Europeanization theoretical framework, have looked into why and how EU-supported norms and policies are adopted in non EU-Member States, focusing either on the mechanisms through which they are diffused or on the local actors' responses to such demands. However, the practical implementation of such norms and policies in third countries has only received modest attention in academic and policy-related studies. Indeed, the “law in the books” is not necessarily the “law in action”. Going beyond the top-down approach that have extensively characterized Europeanization studies, this dissertation will operate a return to the “mundane face” of Europeanization and looks into how expert interactions matter for EU law implementation. It shows that those experts are highly enthusiast and willing to implement EU demands and adapted them to fit in their domestic context. They act as policy champions and show high degrees of policy saliency when fulfilling their tasks. Nevertheless, those champions operate in a difficult administrative and political environment that complicates EU law compliance, with low administrative capacity, high degree of staff turn-over, shortages of knowledgeable staff and political actors that might hinder EU law implementation if it is too costly or in contradiction with domestic vested interests.

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  • 8.
    Andersson, Emma
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Virtual Water Trade as a Cover for Extractivist Practices: Brazil’s Soybean Exports and its Socio-Environmental Consequences2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Virtual Water Trade (VWT) thesis has in recent years taken centre stage in the global water security and political economy discourse for its ability to mitigate water scarcity issues through global trade. However, it has been criticised for neglecting the externalities and the full social-environmental costs, which in this research is highlighted through the case of Brazil. This multivariate research critically assesses the dangers of seeing VWT as a ‘pure’ economic model by investigating the intervening variable of the structural conditions of the Brazilian government and their close intertwinement with agricultural corporations. By qualitative content analysis and empirical data supporting the arguments, the research found that agrarian corporations’ participation in an extractivist system can only thrive where the state actively guarantees the structural condition. This includes financial incentives which provide them with the hegemonic power to influence policies and amendments favouring agrarian business expansion with detrimental socio-environmental consequences for the vulnerable communities within Brazil. The research concludes that it is important to acknowledge this macro-micro linkage when formulating international agreements regarding agricultural trade, otherwise, the purpose of the Virtual Water Trade to mitigate water stress and prevent violent conflicts is instead undermined.

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  • 9.
    Aspington, Caroline
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Shekh Mohamed, Idil
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Responses to the Abolition of the Swedish Feminist Foreign Policy: Insights from document analysis and interviews with Swedish civil society organisations2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uncovers the reactions and responses of Swedish civil society organisations to the abolition of the Swedish feminist foreign policy. Sweden, a pioneer in 2014 as the first country to develop and adopt a feminist foreign policy, took a surprising turn in 2022 by becoming the first to abolish it. Through qualitative methods of document analysis and key informant interviews, this study aims to understand how these crucial foreign affairs actors responded to this policy shift. The findings reveal deep-seated disappointment and concern about the negative development of Sweden’s foreign affairs, as the government dismantled Sweden’s gender equality commitments without offering new, measurable strategies. By engaging with feminist international relations theory, the results illuminate potential regression in global gender equality achievements, human rights, and democratic values as the government severs dialogical and financial ties with civil society.

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  • 10.
    Babones, Salvatore
    et al.
    University of Sydney, Australia.
    Åberg, John H. S.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Hodzi, Obert
    University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
    China's Role in Global Development Finance: China Challenge or Business as Usual?2020Ingår i: Global Policy, ISSN 1758-5880, E-ISSN 1758-5899, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 326-335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    China's economic success has prompted both academic political economists and applied policy analysts to speculate about the implications of a new 'China model' of economic development and global economic governance. A particular issue is the degree to which the China model involves developing in opposition to or in cooperation with the pre-existing norms of global economic governance. Recognizing the ambiguity of the China model, we consider two alternative interpretations of China's role in global economic governance: China Challenge (CC) and Business as Usual (BaU). We flesh out these contrasting interpretations using evidence from the lending behavior of four major development finance institutions in which China plays a leading or determinative role: the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the New Development Bank (NDB), the Silk Road Fund (SRF), and the China-Africa Development Fund (CADF) of the China Development Bank. We find that (at least in the restricted domain of international development finance) China's role in global economic governance is largely characterized by BaU behavior, and although on a regional level this does represent a challenge to the historical role of Japan, it nonetheless suggests that the China model is not so revolutionary as many analysts suppose.

  • 11.
    Babones, Salvatore
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Åberg, John H.S.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Rethinking Democracy (REDEM).
    Globalization and the rise of integrated world society: deterritorialization, structural power, and the endogenization of international society2019Ingår i: International Theory, ISSN 1752-9719, E-ISSN 1752-9727, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 293-317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a widespread feeling that globalization represents a major system change that has or should have brought world society to the forefront of international relations theory. Nonetheless, world society remains an amorphous and undertheorized concept, and its potential role in shaping the structure of the international society of states has scarcely been raised. We build on Buzan's (2018, 2) master concept of ‘integrated’ world society (‘a label to describe the merger of world and interstate society’) to locate the integration of world society in the globalization of social networks. Following the advice of Buzan (2001) and Williams (2014), we use conceptual frameworks from international political economy to systematically explore the structure of integrated world society along six dimensions derived from Mann (1986) and Strange (1988): military/security, political, economic/production, credit, knowledge, and ideological. Our empirical survey suggests that, on each of these dimensions, power has centralized as it has globalized, generating steep global hierarchies in world society that are similar to those that characterize national societies. The centrality of the United States in the networks of world society makes it in effect the ‘central state’ of a new kind of international society that is endogenized within integrated world society.

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  • 12.
    Backman, Richard
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Empty promises of a new dawn: A quantitative study on education and employment in South Africa2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the existing framework of educational returns in South Africa, this quantitative study uses statistical data from the Quarterly Labour Force Surveys for the years 2008-2018 with the aim to research educational returns on employment in South Africa. Findings from the logistic regressions models used indicate that tertiary education is essential for employment, and that returns for each additional school year below grade 12 are moderate. In addition, the Coloured and Black population groups receive lower returns than the White population group, and men have higher returns than women. By running independent regressions, new observations occurred that impact some race and gender combinations while being moderate for others, which contributes to the research on education and employment in South Africa.

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  • 13.
    Beck, Hannah Katinka Beck
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Far Right Populism Beyond Borders and Party Politics: The German Identitarian Movement and its Transnational Advocacy Network2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2017, the far right populist, transnational movement “Generation Identity” (GI) embarked on an activist “mission” in the Mediterranean Sea to stop non-European migrants from reaching the European continent. This paper presents a study of how GI was able to do so, analysing the empowering network of support that evolved during the movement’s “Defend Europe” campaign. Its relevance arises from the globally growing assertiveness of populist actors, cooperating and shaping international politics together. However, studies on party politics and international interactions prevail in research on global populism -this paper is the first one to raise the question of how far right populist social movements interact in transnational networks. Applying a resource mobilization approach and drawing on transnational advocacy theory, I attempt to answer this question with a single case study on the German GI-branch’s networking activities during the Defend Europe campaign. The relational data collected shows that far right populists, too, engage in transnational advocacy efforts, and it appears that their populism does not visibly determine how their networks function. Rather, GI’s activism in “defensive mode” seems decisive for the movement’s transnational networking practices, limiting its possibilities to gain in political and societal influence.

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  • 14.
    Berglund, Lina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Indigenous Rights within the European Union: The EU’s relationship with the Sami in Sweden2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As UNDRIP was signed in 2007, global actors have received new guidelines to follow in the question and protection of indigenous rights. Through using UNDRIP together with ILO 169, one can examine actors role in their treatment of indigenous people in order to protect their rights further. The following study investigates to what extent the EU meets these guidelines in their involvement with the Sami living in their member state Sweden. This is as Sweden is one of the countries that has received criticism from the UN in their treatment of said Sami, all from Sweden not ratifying ILO 169 to the ongoing land disputes between the two. Through using the theory of self-determination, this thesis discusses what rights the Sami have in the Union and which policies can be found applicable to their case. The thesis analyses the criticism Sweden receives from the UN and what one can expect from the EU as the Sami are not only their indigenous people but also EU citizens. The WPR method is used to analyse certain EU policies to see how they include and affect the Sami, to help answer the research question of whether the EU meets the expectations set by the UN in their involvement with indigenous rights for the Swedish Sami.

  • 15.
    Bonvini, Lorenzo
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Advancing Participatory Methodologies in Education: The Case Study of Mosaic Learning Center in Thailand.2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Participatory methodologies offer an alternative approach to widespread

    conventional methods of education adopted in Thailand. With the latter failing to

    provide adequate educational outcomes according to international standards,

    alternative education could represent a valid response to this long-lasting national

    problem. Concurrently, the paper engages with Thai socio-cultural factors to

    advance solutions to students’ lack of motivation and interest in learning. Exploring

    the unique approach of Mosaic Learning Center, an international school in Thailand,

    this qualitative study offers first-hand insight into adopting participatory

    methodologies in the classroom. Analysing data collected through semi-structured

    interviews, the research aims to explore the effects of promoting student-centred,

    holistic, and self-directed learning, while framing participatory approaches in

    education within the interdisciplinary field of Communication for Development.

    Bridging pedagogical studies with the thematic of development and social change,

    the research addresses cultural questions of structural social injustice,

    emancipation, and children’s rights in Thailand, by advocating for liberating

    pedagogies based on inclusion and participation.

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  • 16.
    Bozinov, Toni
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The rights to the Nile: Conflict or cooperation?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to research how the construction of the Grand EthiopianRenaissance Dam will affect the relationship between Egypt and Ethiopia andwhether it will lead the states closer to conflict or cooperation. By looking atindicators such as statements from the two states both publicly and in UnitedNations Security Council meetings through an thematic analysis I hope to reflecttheir attitude that is being displayed in public on issues such as the GERD, theNile and cooperation in the region. Key variables to do so will be using a“Measure of Resilience” framework that has been used by other researchers onriver basin case studies to see if this case has hydropolitical resilience orvulnerability. Other important aspects are the history of both countries, globalwarming and how it affects their stance on the dam. As well as looking atstatistics to measure their institutional capacity.

  • 17.
    Bui, Mi
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    A Comparative Study: Was the 2015 Refugee Crisis Securitised in Hungary and Sweden?: A comparative constructivist study on the securitisation of migration2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015, Europe experienced the arrival of an unprecedented number of migrants and refugees. This sparked a crisis, as the European states struggled to cope with the influx. Moreover, tensions in the European Union arose due to the disproportionate burden faced by some states, therefore arguably leading to some countries securitising the issue. This thesis seeks to investigate how and to what degrees socio-political conditions and political leadership roles impacted the securitisation of the 2015 refugee crisis in Hungary and Sweden. The assessment of these questions was approached by this paper through the employment of a comparative study analysis and a qualitative content analysis of speeches held by the Hungarian and Swedish prime ministers. Additionally, this paper utilises a theoretical framework, based upon Finnemore and Sikkink’s social constructivism and the Copenhagen School’s securitisation theory. This paper argues that socio-political conditions and leadership roles, embodied by the prime ministers of Hungary and Sweden, significantly impacted the securitisation processes of the 2015 refugee crisis. Furthermore, political leadership roles are interconnected to socio-political conditions via the securitisation of political issues in the following way: socio-cultural aspects, paired with political interests, inform the political leaders that shape how and through which articulation securitisation occurs. 

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  • 18.
    Cheragwandi, Nerme Nazare
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    ‘’We Don’t Belong Anywhere’’: A New Perception of Queer Women of Color’s Reality in Targeted Areas in Sweden2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis highlights how queer women of color perceive their racial, gender and sexual identity in targeted areas in Sweden. This is achieved from a constructivist lens using a case studies design in qualitative research. By using Intersectional theory, exploring the connection between race, gender, queerness and class and the unique experience this creates. Six different queer women of color from targeted areas were interviewed and the results showcased exclusion in both targeted areas as well as general Swedish society because of their collective, unique experiences of inhabiting marginalized intersectional identities. Furthermore, the results are discussed as a consequence of oversexualizing black women’s bodies, a systemic creation of an excluding divide in Swedish society and the lack of belongingness for queer people of color.

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  • 19.
    Christianty, Syanthy
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Tensions between Sovereignty and Self-Determination Principles in the UN: UN's Ambiguity in relation to the West Papua Self-Determination Claims2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sovereignty and self-determination are two principles accepted by UN in the UN Charter and resolutions. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the tensions between sovereignty and self-determination principles in the UN and to increase understanding of how these tensions might have led to ambiguity in UN policy toward the West Papua case. The thesis identifies that there are tensions between those two principles in the UN resolutions. The tensions cause ambiguity in the UN when they are involving in self-determination cases outside the classical colonial context. The argument will be strengthened by conducting a single case study analysis on West Papua self-determination claim. As one of the self-determination claims outside the classical colonial context, the UN role when being involved in the case is argued to be lack of response and ambiguous. It concludes that the ambiguity of the UN when involved in the West Papua self-determination claim is resulted from the tensions between sovereignty and self-determination principles in the UN resolutions.

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  • 20. da Silva Carvalho, Ana Filipa
    The governmentalities of the anti-trafficking regime and the biopolitical impact of the Swedish model2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 21.
    De La Roche Du Ronzet, Dantes
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Just Another Strike?: Comparing the Drone Policies Between the Bush & Obama Administrations2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an offensive realist comparative analysis of the drone policies used by the Bush administration and Obama administration during the Global War on Terror. The emergence of violent non-state actors have led to states having to develop new strategies for countering them. Drones were used by the United States in order to combat al-Qaeda, using new technologies in warfare to achieve this goal. This research addresses a gap by focusing on drone policies rather than the legality and morality of drone attacks or the effectiveness of drone strikes. This paper uses three offensive realist concepts; power maximisation, security maximisation and preventive warfare. The method used is a comparative analysis of the Bush administration, with the operationalisation of each concept. The findings of this research show that the drone policies used by each administration can be explained by the three offensive realist concepts. The Obama and Bush administrations prioritised power and security maximisation, while the Obama administration employed preventive drone strikes to a higher degree than the Bush administration. These findings are significant as offensive realism was able to explain the drone policies made by the United States during an asymmetric conflict.   

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  • 22.
    Denskus, Tobias
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Die Professionalisierung freiwilliger Arbeit in Zeiten des globalen Prekariats2015Ingår i: Voluntaris, ISSN 2196-3886, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 45-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 23. Denskus, Tobias
    Latino Social Policy: A Participatory Research Model ‐ Edited by J. Mora and D. R. Diaz2006Ingår i: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 471-473Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24. Denskus, Tobias
    Mazedonien: Internationaler Frieden ohne lokale Entwicklung?: »Globale Kultur« der Konfliktprävention und Transformation2004Ingår i: Wissenschaft und Frieden, ISSN 0947-3971, Vol. 22, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25. Denskus, Tobias
    Peacebuilding does not build peace2007Ingår i: Development in Practice, ISSN 0961-4524, E-ISSN 1364-9213, Vol. 17, nr 4&5, s. 656-662Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of peacebuilding is a buzzword of the development policy and practice mainstream. The recent introduction of managerial tools and the focus on measuring the ‘effectiveness’ of peacebuilding have marginalised and depoliticised critical questions about the causes of violent conflict, and have replaced them with comforting notions for donors that peace can be built and measured without challenging Western understanding of economy, governance, and social aspirations of people.

  • 26. Denskus, Tobias
    Review: Ernest T. Stringer (2007). Action Research2009Ingår i: Forum qualitative Sozialforschung, E-ISSN 1438-5627, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 10Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    STRINGER's book on action research provides an accessible introduction to conducting participatory inquiries for social change. This general overview of the theoretical foundations of action research and methodological challenges is enriched by practical examples, insights, and exercises that are based on the author's substantial experience as a researcher and practitioner. Students and teachers will find this a valuable resource for teaching and training. However, STRINGER's positive outlook on humanity and communities and his non-confrontational style of action research ignores some of the "darker" sides of power, knowledge, and the difficulties of achieving sustainable social change. The final chapter and substantial appendices have a strong focus on traditional report writing; more alternative case studies on how to communicate action research may have been useful to balance his more conventional project-management approach. Overall, this is a very good introductory volume that can spark ideas, discussions, and (self-) reflection on how to better link theory and practice.

  • 27.
    Fahlvik, Karl
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Moderation of the Ennahda Movement: A case study of moderation within an Islamic political party2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to try to understand the moderation process of the Tunisian Islamic political party Ennahda between the years of 2011-2016. This case is studied within the context of the democratisation process that took place in Tunisia, in the five years after the Arab spring and the idea that political Islam might provide a path to democracy in the Middle East and North Africa. The theoretical framework chosen for understanding this process was in form of a theory about under which circumstances religious political parties politically moderate. The method used was a qualitative content analysis. The analysis was conducted by dividing the chapters into thematic topics that emerged out of the material with the framework then being applied to those themes. The research found that the theory provided theoretical understanding for why the Ennahda Movement became more moderate, especially when looking at factors regarding political entrepreneurship. However, other factors such as a dedication to democratic values, non-violence, and a willingness to change throughout its history, also proved important in the case of moderation within the Ennahda Movement. 

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  • 28.
    Gabriella, Johansson
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Participatory Art for Social Change?: A study of the quest for genuine participation2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of theories suggest that participatory arts based approaches have the potential to contribute to development and social change. However, the nature of participation and participative approaches is multi-layered and complex, and critics have voiced concern for depicting participatory art initiatives in an oversimplified, uncriticised positivistic manner. The danger of such assumptions lay in the risk of manipulation, where non-genuine participation could contribute to the reinforcement of oppressive power structures and the dominating hegemony.

    This study explores the intersection of art, participation and development, and further aims to discuss the process of identifying the emancipatory possibilities and limitations of participatory art for development and social change. Using a combination of a constructivist case study approach and critical discourse analysis, two participatory art organisations are analysed with the intention to define each organisations’ understanding of the nature of participatory art, and further how this is reflected in the implementation of their work.

    The findings suggest that both organisations, to a certain degree, communicate an understanding of participation that reflect previous theories on genuine participation. Additionally, the findings suggest that this understanding is reflected in the practical work of the organisations.

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  • 29.
    Godin, Noah
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Protesters, Activists or Land Defenders? Narratives Around Indigenous Resistance in the Canadian Media: Discourse Analysis of Selected CBC Articles on Contemporary Indigenous Resistance2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Indigenous autonomy, self-government and self-determination have historically been an area of conflict within the settler colonial state of Canada. This thesis aims to analyze critically the Canadian state’s alleged progressive nature in regard to nation-to-nation relations as well as the discourses that portray Canadian society as fostering Indigenous rights. Grounded in previous research and contextual background, this study uses the Discourse Historical Approach (DHA) to investigate how Canadian media produces and reproduces discourse around the issues connected with Indigenous resistance since the ‘Oka Crisis’ of 1990, based on the selected material published by The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The findings illustrate that while liberal-influenced narratives have improved, significant identification of decolonization within Canada’s media was not found and the structures of settler colonialism remain largely unchanged. 

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  • 30.
    Grapengiesser, Gustaf
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    What’s the matter with M?: One young asylum seeker’s fall from grace, in Sweden between 2015 - 20222023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    M arrived in Sweden as a hopeful and aspiring adolescent minor in 2015. By 2022, he instead finds himself living on the streets as a drug addict, homeless, with his residency permit rejected and his asylum application declined. This thesis analyzes his situation through a theory of Performativity and Affect, foremost leaning on Judith Butler, Lauren Berlant, and Sara Ahmed. It scrutinizes the role of the imagined Refugee Figure that M came to represent. It is produced through a set of interviews while following Lee Ann Fujii’s method of Relational Interviewing. While the role for M is being outlawed to the exterior of Global Politics, without the ability to appear, he is consequently never valued as a matter of consideration. May other routes have been possible? The Refugee Figure is here contrasted to alternative figurative identities, such as the builder or even the desperado, that more naturally are associated with an ability to act and to be seen. Ultimately, the thesis reads precarious mobility as an expression of political will, agency, and a voice with one’s feet.

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  • 31.
    Grbic, Marija
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Mediebilder av Malmöförorter: En kritisk diskursanalys av medias beskrivning av tre förorter i Malmö och dess invånare2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna undersökning har jag haft som syfte att undersöka hur media beskriver tre områden byggda under miljonprogrammet: Lindängen, Nydala och Rosengård och dess invånare med utgångspunkt från Sydsvenskan och Aftonbladet. Detta har gjorts med hjälp av kritisk diskursanalys samt tidigare forskning och teorier. Utifrån de fem olika teman, miljö och arkitektur, levnadsmiljö, utbildning och arbetslöshet, kriminalitet och brott samt Vi och dem har jag försökt skapa en så bred bild som möjligt. Studiens övergripande slutsats är att dessa områden konsekvent beskrivs i termer som betonar socioekonomisk utsatthet, kriminalitet och problematiska samhällsförhållanden. Invånarna framställs som bristande i hygien, med låg utbildningsnivå och utländsk härkomst. Beskrivningar som dessa förstärker negativa stereotyper och bidrar till en bild av områdena och dess invånare som avvikande och separerade från resten av samhället.

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  • 32.
    Gräfin zu Castell- Castell, Antonia
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS).
    Structure, agency, and change: a Historical and Discursive Institutionalist Analysis of the Process from Voluntary to Mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility Regulation in Germany and the United Kingdom2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 33.
    Gunnarsson, Torgils
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Anti-doping policy:: A comparative study of implementation in Iceland and Denmark2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 80 poäng / 120 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the differences and similarities in implementation of anti-doping policy in Denmark and Iceland. Various anti-doping themes has been chosen to dig deeper into the implementation on policies between the two countries which are related to: Economy, Education, Testing and Investigation, International Cooperation, Fitness and Public Health and Research and Development. 

    A comparison of the implementation is done where governance and power within anti-doping is analyzed in the countries. The aim is to outline the ways the two countries implement anti-doping policy, analyze how their NADOs are governed as well as how power and interconnections are divided between the stakeholders of anti-doping.

    Document analysis and a semi structured interview was conducted in order to collect the data needed for the investigation and analysis process. A thematic analysis was developed to be able to gather the most vital and reliable data on the selected anti-doping themes. Additionally, theory on power, interconnections and good governance was implemented to reach towards the purpose of this study.

    The analysis showed different outcomes in the two countries. Denmark implements the international anti-doping policy to a high degree where they adapt to it in relation to national strategies in sport. Iceland has difficulties in adapting to every anti-doping standard of the international policy and focuses on the ones of most importance to Icelandic sport and society. 

    The study concluded that both countries implement and comply to the international anti-doping policy by law and have independent NADOs that are responsible for anti-doping nationally. Despite complying to the international law, the implementation differs in the countries which is affected by national prioritization and resources. The main focus of Iceland is education and testing where Denmark is more developed within their NADO and prioritizes every standard to a certain degree. The NADOs are steered by the policies set by WADA and their governments who are running political and corporate governance. Furthermore, the study concluded that the interconnected relationship between the stakeholders of anti-doping is complex and there are often difficulties between the NADOs, the ministries and/or WADA which also involves the power relationship between the stakeholders.

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  • 34.
    Hedin, Astrid
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    EU:s sociala modell formades av kommunistregimerna2018Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av grundpelarna i den europeiska sociala modellen är den sociala dialogen mellan arbetsgivare och arbetstagare. Den innefattar arbetstagarnas rätt att bli rådfrågade när arbetsgivaren fattar viktiga beslut. Men när och hur växte egentligen denna rätt till medbestämmande fram? Min forskningsstudie, som jag beskriver här, visar hur 1970-talets medbestämmandetrend i Västeuropa drevs på av FN:s underorgan ILO, snarare än av EU. Och inom den Internationella arbetsorganisationen ILO var de europeiska kommunistregimerna drivande i frågan.

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  • 35.
    Herrmann, Julian Robert
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Climate Litigation, Human Rights & Intergenerational Justice2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The progression of climate change has brought the issue of intergenerational justice further into focus. At the same time, there has been a global increase in climate litigation. Activists increasingly use litigation and fundamental and human rights as instruments to enforce their demands for intergenerational justice. This thesis, therefore, focuses on the question of whether climate litigation can transform intergenerational justice from a political norm into a human rights-based, justiciable right.  Previous studies identified a human-rights turn in climate litigation. In addition, other studies revealed that climate activists are increasingly using intergenerational framing. However, the relationship between intergenerational justice and human rights is understudied.  This thesis addresses the existing research gap. Utilizing a mechanism-based account, the legal framing and the legal interpretation of the Neubauer case, decided by the German Federal Constitutional Court are analyzed to show the transformation of intergenerational justice into a matter of human rights. Moreover, climate litigation cases at the ECtHR are analyzed whether they contain references to Neubauer to identify indicators for a precedent-setting effect upon the supranational human rights framework of ECHR. This thesis demonstrates the importance of climate litigation as a policy tool in national and international climate governance.

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  • 36.
    Hindawi, Mahmoud
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    How Globalization Impacts Child Labour?: Child Labour, A Lost Childhood Perpetuated by Poverty and Insecurity2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Proceeding from the security concept and the importance of broadening and deepening security studies, where human security issues today go beyond international conflicts and military operations. This thesis examines how social and economic globalization affects the rate of child labour in developing countries and what are the most influential factors in this phenomenon, especially the role of social globalization, the importance of free education and the impact of GDP, family income and poverty. Taking into account the security consequences of this phenomenon in the future. Where this study reached the conclusion that social globalization helps reduce child labour. And that economic globalization does not directly affect child labour, but there are sub-dimensions of economic globalization that may affect directly, such as per capita GDP or the "income effect" which is one of the most important factors in determining the rate of child labour. and free education is an incentive in reducing of child labour.

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  • 37.
    Ibrahim, Salma
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Contemporary Cyperspace: A Hyper-surveillant State: Navigating Democracy in the Age of Social Media and a Post-COVID Reality2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The governance of the internet, though constantly evolving, has undergone three major points of evolution. Initially, it emerged as an anarchic, decentralised and informal network, driven by informal ‘network of networks.’ With the rise of commercialization and all-encompassing incentives within the internet, governance structures became more formalised and this stage became defined as the beginning of the insertion of regulatory measures. However, in contemporary times, the internet has become one containing a complex dynamic, wherein its informal and formal governance within the same space has created an intertwined, yet misaligned, and almost oxymoronic cyberspace due to the perpetuance of what I will call hyper-surveillance. This has become exposed by the onset of COVID-19 onto the world and through the utilisation of a Foucauldian and constructivist framework of thought. Findings of the research indicate that this surveillance, often done through predictive and personalised algorithms, has led to various negative, and perhaps unintended, outcomes for society and democracy. Misinformation and disinformation, echo-chambers, and polarisation are amongst the major adversities seen in contemporary cyberspace; this becomes particularly apparent not only in social media, but also has perpetuated discrimination and altered diplomatic relations offline – forming cracks on the pillars that once defined liberal democracy. 

  • 38.
    Ioannou, Nicolina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Barriers with social and environmental compliance: A qualitative study of compliance in supply chains within the clothing industry2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased public pressure on clothing brands to consider environmental and social issues when sourcing from suppliers in developing countries, and to ensure that their supply chain partners do the same. However, social, and environmental issues within the clothing industry are complex with many actors involved. Avoidance of compliance with social and environmental requirements are not uncommon and contributes to the continuing exploitation of humans and environment in the country of production, thus hindering the possibility of social change. This study investigates the perceived challenges with sustainability initiatives in supply chains within the global clothing industry and takes on a qualitative research approach with an interpretive basis. This study investigates the barriers to achieve social and environmental compliance through a content analysis of four global clothing brands supply chain governance strategies, and by interviews with two NGOs. The empirical findings shows that suppliers face increase compliance requirements with additional costs on their side, but with no financial support from clothing brands. Consequently, the perceived injustice between input costs and gains contribute to that suppliers avoid compliance to balance their additional costs.

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  • 39.
    Johansson, Christina
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Migration: Globala perspektiv på rörelse då och nu2022Ingår i: Natur och kulturs globalhistoria 1 / [ed] Klas-Göran Karlsson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2022, 1, s. 275-343Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 40.
    Kaiser, Adrien
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Once Upon a Time... in Europe: Assessing the influence of economic interest groups on bilateral negotiations between Switzerland and the European Union.2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis aims to assess the historical and present influence of economic interest groups on the bilateral negotiations between Switzerland and the European Union. As Economiesuisse has been a prominent economic interest group since the start of Swiss-EU cooperation, it will be the main subject of this thesis. Theoretical perspectives involving commercial liberalism, liberalism in foreign policy, and, most relevant, Putnam’s two-level game theory, will structure the analysis. Methodologically, this thesis consists of a case study based on administrative documents, letters, news articles, and archival records. Additionally, two interviews were conducted, one with an academic scholar and one with a Swiss official.The key findings of this thesis show that while an immediate influence is not visible initially, Economiesuisse’s position on bilateral negotiations has been requested by the Swiss Federal Council in all crucial phases amongst another selected small group of associations. Furthermore, Economiesuisse’s influence is noticeable, as seen from its history, member count, and active presence in Switzerland. Considering their lobbying efforts in the past and today, a considerable influence is therefore clearly attestable to Economiesuisse.

  • 41.
    Karlsson, Erica
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Role of Human Rights and Agroecology at the UN Food Systems Summit: A Study of Food Security Discourse in Global Food Governance2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The UN Food Systems Summit (UNFSS), held in September 2021, brought great expectations of a sustainable food systems transition in accordance with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It was, however, almost instantly criticised for failing to be transparent, implementing a Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) and agroecological principles, and for not including the UN Committee of Food Security (CFS). The CFS has reached high credibility over the last decade due to its inclusive and transparent structure. The UNs partnership with the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the appointment of Agnes Kalibata as Secretary General Guterres’ Special Envoy to the UNFSS has further been the basis for arguing that corporate actors has gained power and influence over the UNFSS.

    Following Friedmann and McMichael’s Food Regime Theory (FRT), the aim of this thesis is to use Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to explore the UNFSSs contributions to the food security discourse of the contemporary food regime within the frameworks of human rights and agroecology. The conceptualisation of food security bears political and economic implications and the UNFSSs contributions to its discourse could potentially influence global food governance and the future role of the CFS.

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  • 42.
    Larsen, Kevin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Competition for the Indo Pacific: The United States, China and their competition for influence through multilateralism within the Indo-Pacific region.2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    With the Indo Pacific being one of the most economically and geopolitically significant regions in the world currently, the competition for influence between the two major powers of the region has picked up, alongside the discourse which takes place from each side through multilateral means. Literature has shown the vast amounts of previous research done on the topic, approaching the region with a realist or liberalist perspective, therefore leaving room for this research to partake in a relational constructivist research on the narratives and discourses driven by both sides multilaterally to counter each other as a means of competition. With the application of the concepts of identity, legitimation & rhetorical commonplaces, and social attribution, this research will partake in a discourse predicate analysis of official speeches and government documents within multilateral context from both the US and China regarding each other. The research examines the ways in which the US has constructed the region under a guise of securitisation and China as an opposition to the American-led world order. China approaches the region differently, constructing it as one that cooperates and integrates itself with China. Thus, through ongoing interactions, the discourse shapes the ways in which the powers view each other.

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  • 43.
    Larsson, Johannes
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Agency in Urban Refugee Spaces: Refugee-led efforts and spaces in Kampala2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores agency in urban refugee spaces and the factors and skills seen to facilitate refugee journeys towards self-reliance in protracted situations. An ethnographic case study was carried out in Kampala, Uganda, where observations and conversations were held with refugee leaders, business owners, and with practitioners at refugee-led organizations. The reasoning is based on Hannah Arendt's notion on what it means to have agency and on wider connections to agency in relation to spaces, storytelling, resilience, and a sense of community. Hermeneutics was applied to the planning and execution of the research, while a narrative approach was adopted to exhibit the findings. The stories presented lay a foundation for proposing a new agency-led approach of how to critically reflect and rethink refugee support in ways that are cost-effective, ethical, and durable over time. This proposed agency-led approach was made by learning from the field and comprises four parts: (i) organizational resilience; (ii) meaningful ownership; (iii) meaningful representation; and (iv) meaningful participation. The new approach is presented to practitioners, potential donors, and those interested in learning how, but also why, we must rethink refugees as actors.

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  • 44.
    Lorber, Sandra
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Media Reporting During the Russian Invasion of Ukraine in 2022: One Conflict, Several Truths!2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the media coverage during the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. The chosen media outlets were from United Kingdom, the Guardian, from Sweden Aftonbladet and from Serbia Kurir. The paper argues that the articles published on Ukraine-Russia crisis depends on that states own interests and links, and governmental initiative to form public opinion. The analysis show that there is a strong link between states interests and initiative to form public opinion and the way media tend to report on a specific conflict. Aftonbladet and the Guardian reported predominantly negative articles towards Russia, while Kurir reported quite positively and tried to justify Russia’s actions. United Kingdom and Sweden whom have historically had opposing political and ideological views from Russia, strongly condemned Russia’s aggression, stating that Europe’s peace and security were under a serious threat. Both Sweden and United Kingdom’s foreign policy was reflected in the news coverage, where articles written assumed a position from the start. Serbia on the other hand justifies Russia’s actions by arguing that Russia’s actions were of the reactive manner and therefore did not qualify as aggression, but rather as attempt to ensure countries own security. Furthermore the paper shows how the media reporting progressed from 21st February to the day of the invasion, where in the early stages the hope was still high that a peaceful resolution might be achieved which is reflected in the amount of positive and negative loaded articles towards Russia. 

     

    Key words: Russia, Ukraine, Media, Reporting, Justification, Congemination

    Words: 12.596

  • 45.
    Magnusson, Erika
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Importance of Participation Across Transnational Spheres for Democratic Development: A content analysis of the emergence of a European public sphere within the European Economic and Social Committee2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The last 15 years has exemplified severe deficiencies in the institutional design of the European Union (EU). The EU suffers from a democratic deficit, which is demonstrated in the neglect if citizens preferences and their influence on decision making processes. This democratic deficit impacts not only the authority and legitimacy of the union but raises concerns between the EU and the world. The democratic deficit remains because of the lack of a European public sphere (EPS), an element which Habermas argues is necessary for democracy development. While previous research has found evidence for its existence in social networks and masss-media, this study broadens the field and investigates the potential existence if an EPS in a physical political network, namely the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). By conducting a quantitative content analysis, the study reveals clear indications of an EPS within the committee in which it is highly engaged in. Their engagement in the sphere is crucial to increase influence and power, as their engagement can decrease the democratic deficit, increase the legitimacy of the EU, and favour smooth cooperation between the member states, and between the EU and the world. 

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  • 46.
    Maslo, Ron
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    The Armenian Diaspora Influencing International Relations2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the Armenian diaspora’s behavior concerning the issue of recognition of the Armenian genocide through lobbying within the US and EU. The purpose of this paper is, therefore, to grasp a deepened understanding of diasporic lobbying, while focusing on the Armenian case, as a case enabling further scholarly deepening for the field of IR. In order to achieve an understanding of the Armenian diaspora, the appropriated behavior through lobbying and the trajectorial changes concerning the recognition of the Armenian genocide, the paper puts forward historical process tracing, comparative research and qualitative content analysis. These methods are utilized as a means for tracing the events contributing to the construction of the diaspora. They also establish the lobby’s influence on ‘host-states’ and the understanding of internalized norms granting policy changes for the cause of recognizing the Armenian genocide, this is done through the concepts of identity, norms and recognition.

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  • 47.
    Mehl, Sara-Lorena
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Climate Justice Movement as Norm Entrepreneur in Global Politics: Creating an Alternative Future in Lützerath to Protest Coal Mining2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis argues that contemporary climate justice actions can present a case for how social movements and activists engage as norm entrepreneurs with global politics. Following a case-based approach (McKee, 2003) and combining perspectives of political science with anthropology, theoretical concepts of everyday utopias (Cooper, 2014) and prefiguration (Maeckelbergh, 2011b; 2014) are applied to the case of a village occupation in Germany against a lignite coal mine expansion. It presents a relevant case for global politics as the local protest is transnationally networking with other protest and activist groups. In creating an alternative social and political system in their everyday life, the activists challenge norms of democratic participation, decision-making and beyond. By using prefiguration as a strategic tool, the protest proliferates change beyond the occupation. Through social and public media, the activists participate in the public debate, sharing their narrative and demands, thereby aiming to affect the public discourse and create change. 

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  • 48. Meyer, Theresa
    The interplay of global and local in norm diffusion: A case study of social movement mobilizations for food sovereignty in Austria and Germany2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 49.
    Miseikaite, Ema
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Human Trafficking: “The Silent Victims”2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Trafficking, also known as Trafficking in Persons, or Modern-Day Slavery, is a multibillion-dollar industry that consumes millions of individuals from diverse social, cultural, racial, national, or gender backgrounds. Human trafficking can take many forms: labor, organ, and sex trafficking. It is a crime where people are treated as objects, goods, and commodities, becoming subjects to mental and physical abuse. 

    To this day, women and children are the ones receiving the most attention when talking about this crime, for men are neglected and overlooked due to socially constructed gender roles. However, male trafficking victims are often overlooked and under-researched but are just as subjected to physical, forced labor, sexual abuse, or any other form of trafficking as female human trafficking victims. 

    Therefore, this paper aims to provide an introduction to male trafficking victims through the lenses of structural violence, masculinity, (mis-) recognition, and governance theories. Despite an existing focus on female trafficking victims, this study endeavors to draw upon the experiences of male trafficking victims. 

    Lastly, acknowledging male trafficking victims could help raise awareness about the main issue and work towards its complete abolishment. Most importantly, it can help break down stereotypes that are circulating around human trafficking and gender roles. 

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  • 50.
    Mudei Hassan, Mohamed
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Underdevelopment: A case-study of Nigeria2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 14 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Underdevelopment has plagued Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), since independence the post-colonial African states have experienced extreme poverty, unemployment, and other economic ailments that have persisted in the region. The aim of this thesis is to critique the null hypothesis of dependency theorists that it is structural factors that cause underdevelopment instead this study proposes an alternative hypothesis through Neo-Classical Realism to explain that it is in fact state-level actors and domestic issues that are the true culprit of causing the dependent variable. The methodological approach is a single embedded case-study with an explaining-outcome process-tracing. The thesis found that the cause of the underdevelopment in Nigeria is firmly rooted in the domestic sphere and that it delves much deeper than the main factors; resource dependence, lax institutions, prebendalism, and Sino-Nigerian relations, but it is the socio-political culture that has produced the norms which the elites operate on and possibly contributing to the exasperation of the negative aspects of the main factors that have perpetuated and sustained underdevelopment in Nigeria and SSA. 

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