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  • 1.
    Andersen, Rikke Hoelgaard
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    The Filtering Out Of Hate Crime In The Criminal Justice System: A Qualitative Study Of Police Investigation In Denmark2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Hate crime has emerged as a new ‘crime problem’ in Denmark, which has led to legislative adjustments and requirements of the police to improve identification, registration and handling of hate crime. International research shows that the investigation of hate crime is a complex issue not least because hate crime is legally not a crime category but an aggravating circumstance in principle to any crime. There exist no studies of hate crime policing in Denmark, and this study aims to fill a knowledge gap by a qualitative exploration of the processing of hate crime in the criminal justice system in a Danish context and from the perspective of the police, which is a relatively overlooked perspective. Specifically, the study explores why many hate crimes are filtered out through the criminal justice system, and through a thematic analysis the study identifies a number of challenges on a legal, organizational and practise level, that all contributes to a filtering out of hate crime throughout the Danish criminal justice system. Goldstein’s theory of problem-oriented policing is used as framework to discuss the implications of law in hate crime policing. The Danish police is expected to deal more effectively with the hate crime problem, and more knowledge on what works in hate crime policing is needed.

     

    Keywords: Hate crime, investigation, criminal justice processing, problem-oriented policing, thematic analysis.  

     

  • 2.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Vogl, Ulrike
    Universiteit Gent.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University.
    Working out Covid-19: Being a Les Mills Instructor and Managing Health in Times of Quarantine2021Inngår i: Time Out: Sport and the Corona Lockdown / [ed] Jörg Krieger, April Henning, Paul Dimeo, & Lindsay Parks Pieper, Common Ground Network: Common Ground Network , 2021Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 11th of March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declares the coronavirus to be a pandemic, which is followed by strict measures to contain a spread of the disease.  Yet, COVID-19 is a distinctively different pandemic to the one that was declared in 2012, namely, physical inactivity (Hall & Laddy & Philipps et al. 2020, 1). During the corona related lockdowns, exercising at home employing (online) on-demand services has become increasingly popular. One of the suppliers are the New Zealand-based Les Mills International; currently the worlds’ biggest provider of standardized fitness workouts. With their altruistic motto — for a fitter planet — their exercise routines were taught in more than a hundred countries by approximately 130.000 instructors before the pandemic. Although their virtual alternatives seem successful, group-fitness instructors face severe professional consequences due to corona-restrictions; resulting in the immediate closure of gyms as well as social distancing. By conducting focused group discussions online with Les Mills instructors active in six different countries, this chapter will provide insights into how group-fitness instructors negotiate their roles as fitness professionals during a crisis that challenges/threatens both personal and global health. Respondents discussed how the pandemic has changed their ability to perform their professions, and how they continue to live out their instructorhood in new and alternative ways.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för hälso- och välfärdsstudier (HV).
    William Foote whyte, street corner society and social organization2014Inngår i: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 0022-5061, E-ISSN 1520-6696, Vol. 50, nr 1, s. 79-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social scientists have mostly taken it for granted that William Foote Whyte's sociological classic Street Corner Society (SCS, 1943) belongs to the Chicago school of sociology's research tradition or that it is a relatively independent study which cannot be placed in any specific research tradition. Social science research has usually overlooked the fact that William Foote Whyte was educated in social anthropology at Harvard University, and was mainly influenced by Conrad M. Arensberg and W. Lloyd Warner. What I want to show, based on archival research, is that SCS cannot easily be said either to belong to the Chicago school's urban sociology or to be an independent study in departmental and idea-historical terms. Instead, the work should be seen as part of A. R. Radcliffe-Brown's and W. Lloyd Warner's comparative research projects in social anthropology.

  • 4.
    Cardell, David
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Exklusiv musik, teknik och nätverkskultur: påverkan av kommunikation inom en reggaescen2007Inngår i: Undgomsstyrelsens skrifter, ISSN 1651-2855, nr 2007:12, s. 131-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Digital Sport - behöver vi bekymra oss?2003Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Cory, Erin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Making home in exile: Everyday practices and belongings in Palestinian refugee camps2020Inngår i: Crossings: Journal of Migration and Culture, ISSN 2040-4344, E-ISSN 2040-4352, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 119-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Palestinians share a history of exile oriented towards the loss and reclamation of a homeland, often expressed through a shared visual lexicon and mythos. In the context of refugee camps, however, local visual culture and everyday practices demonstrate how Palestinian lives are also grounded in local stories and experiences. How do Palestinian refugees deploy everyday practices to create their home spaces? What can these practices reveal about refugees’ myriad belongings? And, in thinking about these practices, what can be said about how a feeling of home can be articulated in exile, which is at its heart the forced removal/dislocation from home? This article uses a comparative ethnographic analysis of two Palestinian camps in Lebanon to challenge overarching narratives of ‘Palestinianness’ by calling attention to the rich multiplicity of Palestinian refugee identities. In focusing the analysis on everyday practices ‐ specifically street art and walking ‐ by which residents make and experience home in the camps, the article grapples with the seeming contradictions between ‘home’ and ‘exile’ that colour the experiences of not only Palestinians, but also refugees and asylum seekers in other circumstances of protracted uncertainty, as they attempt to migrate and make home in new countries.

  • 7.
    Danielsson, Kalle
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    E-sport: rörelse utan rörelse2005Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the phenomenon of e-sport (short for electronic sport). E-sport can briefly be described as competitive computer gaming. E-sport contains both amateuristic and professional elements which is one of many similarities – displayed in this study – with its analogous namesake, common sport. The global movement of e-sport depends on several technological factors, such as the world wide web, the online-function of computer games and the development and expansion of broadband (for the increasing spread of the phenomenon). The central thesis of the study is that e-sport is comparable to common sport, a statement based on the theories of Allen Guttmann. These theories describe sportification – a term that represents the process that ancient corporal and/or physical practices (be they religious or secular) went through to reach their contemporary forms, the phenomenon and movement we know as sport. The characteristics of a sportified practice is that it strives to generate equality (in terms of competitional conditions); is secular; creates specialization within it’s field; is a target for each of the forces of rationalization, bureaucratization and quantification; sets out on the epical quest for records. The comparison of e-sport to common sport (both the movement’s reflexive and my theoretical) is an interesting arena of philosophical discussion, which raises questions like: what is sport? Which are the qualities of contemporary sport as a phenomenon? Despite the lack of physical and corporal coherence, can one claim that e-sport is just a sport among others, based on a phenomenological match? Is e-sport a mirror of sport as an ideal-type, and in such a case: can e-sport teach us something about sport?

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 8.
    Danielsson, Kalle
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    It’s hard to be a saint in the city2005Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of 'We Skate Hardcore: Photographs from Brooklyn's Southside' by Vincent Cianni (2004).

  • 9.
    Danielsson, Kalle
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Svensk brädindustris historia2005Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, nr 2005-11-02Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av 'Spår: Om brädsportkultur, informella lärprocesser och identitet' by Åsa Bäckström (2004).

  • 10.
    Friberg, Torbjörn
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Modernism is the New Radical Alterity: Exploring the Dialectics of Anthropological Critique in Modernity2021Inngår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 57-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is concerned with Ghassan Hage’s dialectics of anthropological critique—constituted by the tension between modernism and primitivism. Hage argues that modernethnographers who encounter other primitivist worlds become equipped with potential criticalthinking about politico-organisational matters of modernity. So far, so good. However, whatif there is a crisis of modernity, in the sense that “modern” political projects are inspired byprimitivism? As Strathern emphasises today, there seems to be a problem of pursuing the dialecticsof anthropological critique concerning the new imperialistic tendencies “at home”. Such a problem,I argue, can be observed by the emergence of the world of innovation politics that is constitutedby a form of primitivism. This leads to the question, How can we maintain the dialectics ofanthropological critique in the context of innovation politics? This article aims to explore thedialectics of anthropological critique by placing it in a dynamic, capitalist modern context

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Fristedt, Rasmus
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Börjesson, Simon
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    En social varelse: Hur byggd miljö kan främja människans sociala behov2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Människan har ett socialt behov som i dagens samhälle hotas. Det är till stor del vår sociala förmåga som har placerat oss högst upp i näringskedjan men idag när vi inte längre behöver använda vår sociala förmåga för överlevnad kanske vi glömmer bort hur viktig den faktiskt är.Dagens digitala samhälle erbjuder ett bekvämare liv där vi går miste om möjligheter för fysiska träffar. Vi isolerar oss från andra människor helt frivilligt då vi på ett bekvämt sätt har möjligheten att umgås över internet.I detta arbete förklarar vi vikten av människans sociala behov och vilken roll den bör ha inom byggd miljö och stadsplanering.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Gillette, Maris Boyd
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sch Global Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Shebitz, Daniela
    Kean Univ, Sch Environm & Sustainabil Sci, Union, NJ USA..
    Singleton, Benedict
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Doing Conservation Differently: Toward a Diverse Conservations Inventory2023Inngår i: Ethnobiology Letters, ISSN 2159-8126, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scientists and environmental activists argue that the scale and scope of contemporary conservation must increase dramatically if we are to halt biodiversity declines and sustain a healthy planet. Yet conservation as currently practiced has faced significant critique for its reliance on reductionist science, advocacy of "fortress"-like preservation measures that disproportionately harm marginalized communities, and integration into the global capitalist system that is the root cause of environmental degradation. The contributions to this special issue, developed from a panel at the Anthropology and Conservation conference co-hosted by the Royal Anthropological Institute and the Society of Ethnobiology in October 2021, collectively argue for what we, borrowing from Gibson-Graham's diverse economies framework, call "doing conservation differently." By bringing marginalized, hidden, and alternative conservation activities to light, researchers can contribute, in the spirit of Gibson-Graham's work, to making these diverse conservations more real and credible as objects of policy and activism. This special issue contributes to inventorying the diverse conservations that already exist, which opens new spaces for ethical intervention and collective action.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Gotfredsen, Katrine Bendtsen
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    A Museum of a Museum?: Fused and parallel historical narratives in the Joseph Stalin State Museum2020Inngår i: Museums of Communism: New Memory Sites in Central and Eastern Europe / [ed] Stephen Norris, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2020, s. 375-399Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Gotfredsen, Katrine Bendtsen
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Soviet, national, local?: Representations and perceptions of Joseph Stalin as a political and cultural figure in Gori2021Inngår i: Identities and Representations in Georgia from the 19th Century to the Present / [ed] Hubertus Jahn, Oldenbourg: Walter de Gruyter, 2021, s. 17-28Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Greiff, Mats
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Individ och samhälle (IS).
    Stallbackskultur och arbete i svensk travsport 1930-2003. Ett projekt i vardande2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper presenteras vid European Social Science History Conference i Berlin 2004, och utgör en förstudie i ett mera omfattande flervetenskapligt projekt om förändringar i svensk trav- och galoppsport under 1900-talet. Det fokuserar hur sociala relationer och stallbackskulturen inom svensk travsport har förändrats från 1930-talet fram till i dag (2004). Texten bygger framför allt på memoarer skrivna av två travtränare ur skilda generationer, men också statliga utredningar om travsportens villkor. I texten diskuteras bl a hur sociala relationer avseende klass, genus och generation mellan hästägare, travtränare och hästskötare ter sig och vilka kulturer som skapas i travsportens miljöer. Ett annat centralt inslag är hur kraven på yrkesskicklighet har förändrats. Tidigare fanns en tyngdpunkt på ett slags tekniskt kunnande kring balansering av hästen, val av utrustning och träningsmetoder. Under 1900-talets senare del skedde en förskjutning mot mera omvårdande inslag. Vilket samband har denna förändring med att sporten förändrats från att utgöra en utpräglad maskulin miljö till en med stora inslag av kvinnor?

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Grønnestad, Trond E.
    et al.
    Univ Stavanger, Kjell Arholms Hus,Kjell Arholms Gate 39, N-4021 Stavanger, Stava, Norway..
    Sagvaag, Hildegunn
    Univ Stavanger, Kjell Arholms Hus,Kjell Arholms Gate 39, N-4021 Stavanger, Stava, Norway..
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Interaction rituals in an open drug scene2020Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 86-98, artikkel-id UNSP 1455072519882784Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Open drug scenes can be found in most major cities in Europe. Despite often being closed down by the police, the drug community continues to exist, and the drug scenes reappear elsewhere. There seem to be forces that hold these communities together, regardless of the substances used. In this study we explore whether interaction rituals have an impact on the decision by people to stay in the drug scene or to return after quitting their drug use. Method: In this ethnographic study, one of the researchers spent time in an open drug scene in a Norwegian city over a one-year span and gathered data on the human interactions hosted by this scene. In addition, the researcher interviewed eight people from the scene to obtain greater insight into their lives and perceptions of the scene, drawing on Goffman's and Collins's theories about rituals. Findings: Three themes emerged. First, drug users bonded as a group and resisted what they called "normal people" passing by. Second, users demonstrated the importance of sharing drugs and services and adhering to the scene's rules of conduct. The third and final theme is the focus of attention and the production of emotional energy. Conclusion: The experience of being outsiders and the need to hide some of their activities seemed to make it necessary for persons in the drug scene to have their own rules and rituals. These rules and rituals can be regarded as "interaction rituals". They provide participants with the symbols of group membership, emotional energy, and group solidarity. This makes it hard to leave the scene and might explain why those who do often return.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Hansson, Kristofer
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Petersson, Charlotte C
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Malmö universitet, Centrum för sexologi och sexualitetsstudier (CSS).
    Den sårbara gemenskapen: kvinnojourer under covid-19-pandemin2021Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, E-ISSN 2002-066X, Vol. 58, nr 1-2, s. 33-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    När covid-19-pandemin nådde Sverige mobiliserade kvinnojourerna snabbt eftersom de visste vad en nedstängning av samhället skulle kunna betyda för kvinnor och barn som lever under hot och med våld i sina hem. På kort tid kom myndigheternas rekommendationer om att arbeta hemma, upprätthålla social distans och undvika resor att minska möjligheterna till rörlighet. Detta gjorde det särskilt svårt för kvinnor som levde under hot och kontroll att komma i kontakt med myndigheter och kvinnojourer. Syftet med denna artikel är att förstå hur relationen mellan samhället och kvinnor som är utsatta för hot och våld i hemmet under pandemitider ser ut. Analysen utgår från en teoretisk modell för ”det immunitära livet”, för att förstå förhållandet mellan individ och samhälle. Studien består av telefonintervjuer som genomfördes våren 2020 med personal vid fem olika kvinnojourer. Ett viktigt resultat i studien är att misshandlade kvinnor under pandemin riskerar att berövas möjligheterna att skapa viktiga relationer med samhället, något som exempelvis kvinnojourer annars möjliggör.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Hemer, Oscar
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Fiction, Anthropology and2022Inngår i: The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology / [ed] Callan, Hillary; Coleman, Simon, Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley-Blackwell, 2022Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropology’s interest in fiction as method, and as ethnographic data, can be traced

    to the literary turn in the 1980s, although the close relation between anthropology

    and literature goes back to some of the early anthropologists who were also excellent

    authors.The new orientation, sparked by James Clifford and George Marcus’s seminal

    anthology Writing Culture, essentially entailed the unsettling of the former balance, in

    classical ethnography, between the “ethnographic self” and the “personal self,” enabling

    a plurivocality in ethnography that resembles the shifting subject positions of a novel.

    From its original focus on the writing process and as an approach to literary methods

    and formats, literary anthropology has grown and diversified to also encompass

    the reading of literary texts, including fiction. A parallel tradition in visual anthropology

    includes the cross-genre ethnofiction (Jean Rouch) and the use of fictional staging

    as a method. Although blurred, the border between fiction and ethnography remains

    asserted.

  • 19.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Mass medial silences2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years a lot of different areas in genetic research have been debated in the mass media. On the one hand ethical problems with amniocenteses, potential risks with genetically modified crops, problems with biologist arguments in gender-debates have been discussed for years. Other subjects, like chimera mice, designer babies and risks with stem cell therapy are on the other hand hidden in mass medial silence. How does that come? In this paper I would like to discuss some explanations of why some scientific and technological issues become "hot stuff" in media, described as conflicts, while other subjects aren’t discussed at all, they become non-conflicts. Since they have not been discussed, they haven’t either been exposed for the public "trial". This is the case in, for example, issues concerning stem cell therapy, transgenic animals and designer babies. These are examples of non-existing, or chill, debates in Swedish mass media. The explanations of how different debates emerge I will suggest are a) the starting point of a debate (cf. Ideland 2002a), b) what kinds of metaphors are used (cf. Haraway 2004, Martin 1994) and c) how expectations for medical cures are described (cf. Brown 2003). The paper is based on results from projects concerning media debates on embryonic stem cell research (Ideland 2002a), gene technology (Ideland 2002b) and ethical evaluation of experimentation on transgenic animals (Ideland 2007).

  • 20.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Transgena dilemman. Metamorfoser2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transgenic animals are organisms that have been genetically altered on purpose: genes are knocked out, knocked in or reinforced, and the effects can thus be studied in a living (or dead) whole animal. Above all, it is mice that are being used, and since the early 90s, the practice has spread like wildfire. A lot of hope is invested in the technique, through the mice scientists expect to understand diseases as well as treat them. But animal experimentation is fundamentally a dilemmatic enterprise and all research including animals has to be reviewed by an animal ethics committee. This paper explores metaphors used when members of animal ethics committees talk about transgenic animals. Its aim is to analyze possible discursive effects from metaphors concerning a) how the transgenic animals are considered and treated; b) how members in animal ethics committees position themselves against each other. The paper analyses meanings of talk about transgenic animals as models, instruments and individuals. A third aim of the paper is to discuss how so called extendable metaphors can be used to bring in further perspectives into the debate, how to put more focus on humans responsibilities against laboratory animals. By using Donna Haraway as a theoretical framework, the author analyzes possible meanings of talking about the transgenic mice as cyborgs and workers.

  • 21.
    Ideland, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Natur-miljö-samhälle (NMS).
    Holmberg, Tora
    Hemligheter och lögner om djurförsök2009Inngår i: Programbok, KULTUR-NATUR Konferens för kulturstudier i Sverige, Norrköping, 15–17 juni 2009, ACSIS, Linköping University , 2009, s. 39-39Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskare och andra mänskliga aktörer som arbetar med djurförsök kan tyckas trängda I ett horn. De måste å ena sidan få allmänheten på sin sida för att få sin forskning finansierad. Å andra sidan upplever de att de tar de risker då de träder ut i offentligheten, diskursen on hotet från djurrättsaktivisterna är stark på fältet. Spänningen mellan öppenhet och hemlighet är ständigt närvarande i en naturvetenskaplig tekno-kultur. När det handlar om djurförsök framträder emellertid specifika hemlighetspraktiker. Mer specifikt kommer vi att beskriva och analysera hemlighetspraktiker på tre – av varandra oberoende – nivåer; personlig nivå, institutionsnivå och global nivå. På en personlig nivå analyseras hur forskare och ledamöter av djurförsöksetiska nämnder berättar om strategier för att inte avslöja sitt arbete eller uppdrag, hur de istället använder sig av eufemismer och ”vita lögner”. Djurförsöksetiska nämnder och universitetsinstitutioner får representera institutionella hemlighetspraktiker; nämnderna omgärdas av hemlighetsmakeri i form av slutna möten, universitetens djuravdelningar är ofta helt i avsaknad av skyltar eller andra tecken på vad som försiggår innanför väggarna. När det gäller den globala nivån kommer betydelsen av hemlighetshållande i form av patent att diskuteras i relation till vilken innebörd detta får för etisk granskning och tillsyn av försöksdjur. I analysen kontrasteras dessa exempel mot öppenhet. Vi närmar oss hemligheterna i relation till öppenhet. De får representera olika paradigm för relationen mellan vetenskap och allmänhet. På ena sidan har vi en traditionell ordning där vetenskapen får representera auktoritet och expertis. På den andra sidan finner vi ledord som transparens och autenticitet. Papret bygger på fältanteckningar och intervjuer med laboratoriearbetare och ledamöter i djurförsöksetiska nämnder.

  • 22.
    Ingvarsdotter, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för hälso- och välfärdsstudier (HV).
    Normal Life Crises and Insanity: Mental illness contextualized2009Inngår i: Abstracts of the XXXIst International Congress on Law and Mental Health, 2009, s. 205-206Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to a survey from 2005 the population of Rosengård, a cultural heterogeneous borough of Malmö, Sweden, utilizes half as much psychiatric health services as expected in relation to estimated needs. Aim: To examine perceptions of mental illness trying to find possible reasons behind the low utilization. 206 Method: Unstructured interviews were conducted with 30 people living and/or working in the area. Result: Mental illness health was associated with insanity and shame. Numerous conditions were considered as “normal life crises” rather than medical states and are consequently taken care of in other ways than seeking mental health care. Conclusion: Several reasons behind low utilization of psychiatric health services among inhabitants in Rosengård were detected. Explanations are to be found both in different perceptions of mental illness, in the social situation in the area but also in the assumptions made in the survey this study was based upon. Despite that Sweden, with its developed welfare system, frequently is described as the country that has coped best with the growing number of immigrants and their various needs, it seems as if the needs are still unexplored, and there is no service for “normal life crises”.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 23.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Popular notions of FGC in Sweden: The case of Ali Elmi2008Inngår i: Finnish Journal of Ethnicity and Migration, ISSN 1796-6582, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 74-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006–2007, the Swedish citizen Ali Elmi Hayow was sentenced to prison for the female genital mutilation of his daughter. In this paper I argue that the popular understanding of FGC, seeing African men as the true perpetrators, rendered it impossible for this man to get a fair trial. The facts presented during court proceedings were interpreted within a radical feminist framework, and the political will to sentence a male for FGC made it possible to overlook this citizen’s legal rights. The case is discussed in its specific social context and in relation to the wider social and political context of FGC in Sweden. I try to show that this case cannot be fully understood without the knowledge of Somali culture and that the court members, rather than aiming for a well-grounded understanding of the case, leaned toward popular and stereotyped notions of FGC as well as of Somali men and women. Ethnocentric ideas of family organisation also affected the outcome of the court proceedings. With more realistic preconceptions of the Somali practice of female circumcision among Somalis, Ali Elmi would have walked free.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 24.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Elebro, Karin
    Rööst, Mattias
    Moussa, Kontie
    Essén, Birgitta
    Misclassified maternal deaths among East African immigrants in Sweden2007Inngår i: Reproductive health matters, ISSN 0968-8080, E-ISSN 1460-9576, Vol. 15, nr 30, s. 153-162Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Essén, Birgitta
    Nyvunnen kunskap i klinisk praxis: Kultursensitiv specialistmottagning erbjuds inom kvinnosjukvården2006Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, nr 3, s. 193-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Moussa, Kontie
    Carlbom, Aje
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Aregai, Rishan
    Essén, Birgitta
    "Never My Daughters": A Qualitative Study Regarding Attitude Change Toward Female Genital Cutting Among Ethiopian and Eritrean Families in Sweden2009Inngår i: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Vol. 30, s. 114-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To explore attitudes toward female genital cutting (FGC) in a migration perspective, qualitative interviews were conducted with men and women from Ethiopia and Eritrea in Sweden. We found firm rejection of all forms of FGC and absence of a guiding motive. Informants failed to see any meaning in upholding the custom. We conclude that children of Ethiopian or Eritrean parents resident in Sweden run little risk of being subjected to FGC. A societal structure prepared to deal with suspected cases of FGC with a high level of alertness should be combined with a healthy sceptical attitude toward exaggerations of risk estimates.

  • 27.
    Jonasson, Kalle
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Thiborg, Jesper
    Malmö högskola, Lärarutbildningen (LUT), Idrottsvetenskap (IDV).
    Electronic sport and its impact on future sport2010Inngår i: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 13, nr No. 2, s. 287-299Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The mere mentioning of computer gaming (E-sport) as a form of sport i subversive, according to public health and media discourses. As a matter of fact, the two practices are considered to be oppositional. Sports are often regarded as a virtue, whereas computer gaming is looked upon as avice. In this light, the basic aim of this essay is to discuss and analyse the 'sporting qualities' of competitive computer gaming in relation to the definition of sport. The reasoning will also forecast the future of competitive gaming. How might this new form of 'sport' develop and what impact will it have on future sports in general? We answer the question by presenting three possible futuristic scenarios. Might it even be that we are standing on the threshold of a new phase in the evolution of sports.

  • 28.
    Kuci, Elira
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS).
    Den Problemfyllda Förorten: En Kvalitativ Intervjustudie om Upplevelserna av att Bo i Förorten2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main ambition of this study is to investigate and examine how informants between the age of 18-26 experience the suburbs. Furthermore, my study is based on three main questions which are 1. How does the informants describe growing up and live in the suburbs? 2. What experience does the informants have regarding the interaction with people who lives outside the suburbs? Does living in the suburbs affect the daily life of the informants, such as the workplace or education? The main motive to this study is my ambition to examine if the picture that often are described in the media are true according to the studies informants. Point to be noted is that my study is not about the representation of the suburbs by the media, rather it is about the informants’ subjective reflections about living in the suburbs. The empirical data have shown some similarities of the informants in terms of describing how it is to live and being raised in the suburbs. Furthermore, the empirical data have shown that some positive aspects regarding living in the suburbs. The positive aspects in this chase are for example belonging, acceptance and unity which the informants have described. On the other hand, some of the informants in the study describe some negative aspects regarding living in the suburbs. The difficulty in this case is about attitudes towards the suburbs and the people who are living there and exclusion for example in the labor market or in the workplace. The theoretical perspectives which I have used in my study are theories about stigma by Erving Goffman, discrimination, and marginalization.  

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Larsson, Johannes
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Agency in Urban Refugee Spaces: Refugee-led efforts and spaces in Kampala2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores agency in urban refugee spaces and the factors and skills seen to facilitate refugee journeys towards self-reliance in protracted situations. An ethnographic case study was carried out in Kampala, Uganda, where observations and conversations were held with refugee leaders, business owners, and with practitioners at refugee-led organizations. The reasoning is based on Hannah Arendt's notion on what it means to have agency and on wider connections to agency in relation to spaces, storytelling, resilience, and a sense of community. Hermeneutics was applied to the planning and execution of the research, while a narrative approach was adopted to exhibit the findings. The stories presented lay a foundation for proposing a new agency-led approach of how to critically reflect and rethink refugee support in ways that are cost-effective, ethical, and durable over time. This proposed agency-led approach was made by learning from the field and comprises four parts: (i) organizational resilience; (ii) meaningful ownership; (iii) meaningful representation; and (iv) meaningful participation. The new approach is presented to practitioners, potential donors, and those interested in learning how, but also why, we must rethink refugees as actors.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Lazoroska, Daniela
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Institute for Urban Research (IUR). Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Palm, Jenny
    Lund university.
    Bergek, Anna
    Chalmers.
    Perceptions of participation and the role of gender for the engagement in solar energy communities in Sweden2021Inngår i: Energy, Sustainability and Society, E-ISSN 2192-0567, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikkel-id 35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Energy communities are emphasized by the EU as important for developing sustainable energy systems that include and engage many people. While many renewables are highly compatible with a more decentralized energy system, research indicates that participation in ‘desirable’ energy activities and energy decision-making is influenced by social and economic factors, including gender, economic status and home ownership. The overall aim of this article is to contribute to this line of inquiry by exploring how and under which conditions energy communities allow for broader participation in the energy system. This article examines how gender, as a more specific condition, influences the extent to which parties can or cannot engage with collective solar ownership models by means of a qualitative study of 11 solar energy communities and one housing association in Sweden. Results The study revealed that despite the relative potential for inclusion that they hold, energy communities can raise justice concerns in terms of inequities concerning access, capacity, and opportunity to engage in decision-making. Conclusions While solely focusing on gender offers a limited view of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in renewable energy projects, it is our position that integrating it into the analysis will provide insights into possible measures to remedy limitations and accelerate the renewable energy transition.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Levander, Sten
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Malmös undre värld: en socialantropologisk studie2019Inngår i: Brottslighet och utsatthet i Malmö / [ed] Marie Väfors Fritz; Ardavan Khoshnood, Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, s. 145-164Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Ouis, PernillaMalmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Inne och ute i Malmö: Studier av urbana förändringsprocesser2008Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna antologi är ett resultat av aktuell forskning kring urbana förändringsprocesser. Under det senaste århundradet har Malmö i södra Sverige gått från att ha varit en utskeppningshamn och marknad för jordbruksprodukter och fisk, till en modern, tungt industrialiserad stad, via en stor depression i slutet av 1900-talet till en idag globaliserad, internationell postindustriell stad. Denna snabba förändring, har utgjort en utmaning på alla de fält som presenteras i boken: stadens och dess invånares självbild, socioekonomiska förhållanden, såsom de kommer till uttryck inom arbetslivet och i bostadspolitiken, ekologiska effekter och förhållanden i före detta och nuvarande grönområden, rörelsemösnter och brukarmönster hos medborgarna och hur staden omskapar sin självbild på en globaliserad marknad. Boken är skriven av forskare som ingår i forskarnätverket Urbana studier som har sin bas på Malmö högskola, även om några medverkande arbetar på Lunds universitet.

  • 33.
    Lund, Martin
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för lärande och samhälle (LS), Institutionen för samhälle, kultur och identitet (SKI).
    Whiteness2022Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The socially constructed phenomenon of whiteness: how it was created, how it changes, and how it protects and privileges people who are perceived as white.

    This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series examines the socially constructed phenomenon of whiteness, tracing its creation, its changing formation, and its power to privilege and protect people who are perceived as white. Whiteness, author Martin Lund explains, is not one single idea but a shifting, overarching category, a flexible cluster of historically, culturally, and geographically contingent ideals and standards that enable systems of hierarchical classification. Lund discusses words used to talk about whiteness, from white privilege to white fragility; the intersections of whiteness with race, class, and gender; whiteness in popular culture; and such ideas as “colorblindness” and “reverse racism,” which, he argues, actually uphold whiteness.

    Lund shows why it is important to keep talking and thinking about whiteness. The word “whiteness,” he writes, doesn't describe; it conjures something into being. Drawing on decades of critical whiteness studies and citing a range of examples (primarily from the United States and Sweden), Lund argues that whiteness is continually manufactured and sustained through language, laws, policies, science, and representations in media and popular culture. It is often positioned as normative, even universal. And despite its innocuous-seeming manifestations in sitcoms and superheroes, whiteness is always in the service of racial domination.

  • 34.
    Lundberg, Chris
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Kataja, Fredrik
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS).
    Socialpsykiatrins tillblivelse och fortlevnad: Att lära av historien kring vårdbemötande2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. Innan dess att svensk psykiatri genomgick övergripande förändringar genomsyrades mentalhälsovården av olika psykologiska teorier vilka sedermera kom till att utgöra väsentliga beståndsdelar inom den “vårdkulturella revolutionens” fundament. Detta utmynnade därefter i svensk socialpsykiatris tillblivelse varigenom dessa försöksverksamheters väl fungerande praxis och kunskaper till synes har glömts bort genom åren.

    Metod. När, varför och hur har det gått från att vårdgivare/klient-relationen tidigare har betraktats vara “god” till att i dessa dagar te sig “avhumaniserad”? Hur var denna relation förr, hur är den i dag och hur kan den förslagsvis göras bättre framöver? För att kunna besvara detta tas en närmare blick, genom manifest kvalitativ innehållsanalys med konventionell (induktiv) ansats, på svensk hälso- och sjukvård emellan åren 1960–1980 såväl som en om än konkretiserad djupdykning ned i 1970-talets “nya psykiatri” och socialpsykiatriska försöksverksamheter.

    Resultat. Vägarna till utformandet av en vårdvärnande relation emellan vårdgivare och klient återfinns inom vårdgivarens bemötande och tillvägagångsätt gentemot klienten. Vad som fordras är en tillitsfull atmosfär och att bådadera parterna upprätthåller kontinuerlig kontakt (Gustafsson, 2010) vari tid bistår med goda förutsättningar i utformningen av funktionella tillika utvecklande allianser (Topor & Denhov, 2012). För att brukarinflytande skall fungera under förebyggande arbete, i led om att i största möjliga mån ta uti klienters problematik, krävs ett krispsykoterapeutiskt förhållningssätt och vetskap om psykisk kris genom vilka genuin närvaro uppnås (Cullberg, 1974). Forskning visar även tydligt att vad som behövs vid vårdbemötande är genuin närvaro, medmänsklig förståelse och rak kommunikation: att inte bara se människan, utan även att förstå vad just denna kris innebär för just denna individ såväl som att klientens beteende sett till sin helhet och vad som inte uttrycks säger så mycket mer än vad ord kan någonsin beskriva.

    Slutsats. Empirin antyder att aktuell forskning anmärker vad som fungerar bra och mindre bra, om inte alls, i relation till vårdbemötande är för all del bra. Men vad om nordisk socialpsykiatris pionjärer såsom Berggren, Cullberg och Haugsgjerd? Aktuell forskning refererar inte till någondera och deras arv tycks vara bortglömt. Så vad om all den kunskap och insikt som förvärvades och införlivades vid tidigare försöksverksamheter såsom Cullbergs kristeori och krispsykoterapi? Aktuell forskning refererar heller inte till någotdera och alltsammans tycks ha gått i stöpet. Vad som däremot framgår är att deras visioner tillämpades med mycket goda resultat vid bland annat Nackaprojektet tillika att sagda teori och psykoterapi tycks ha runnit ut i sanden efter verksamhetens nedläggning. Psykologin och psykiatrin, till syvende och sist, rör sig i ett gränsland emellan vetenskap och humaniora däri de, i samvaro med etisk kodex om att all behandling skall vila på “vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet”, samexisterar i led om att med fumliga försök fånga livets komplexiteter. Men vart någonstans bör gränsdragningen gå emellan “vetenskaplig professionalitet” och “personlig inlevelse” när man möter någon med psykisk ohälsa, en medmänniska i psykisk kris?

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    fulltext
  • 35.
    Lundsfryd Stendevad, Mette Edith
    University of Leicester.
    “What We Lost In Syria, We Had Already Lost In Palestine": Uncovering Stories Across Generations of Palestinian Women Born in Syria2020Inngår i: Civil Society Review, ISSN 2519-6375, nr 2020-07-01Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about the stateless Palestinian population of Syria is limited, and the experiences of Palestinian women particularly remains uncovered. This paper argues that the loss of Syria as a safe home affects Palestinian woman born in Syria in several ways. The paper explores twelve constraints that bear an impact on women’s lives, including female experiences of statelessness, denial of “the right of return,” forced family separations and lack of access to uninterrupted family life, lack of freedom of movement, the inability to pass nationality onto children, denial of UNRWA services, lack of rights to political participation, unemployability, lack of access to protection as refugees, lack of rights to belong via citizenship, and experiences of racialisation. The structural constraints have disproportional implications with regards to the women’s age, education level, marital status, maternity status, and their current place of exile. The results presented here are based on women’s oral history as part of a decolonial intersectional feminist epistemology centralised in Palestine Studies. This paper illustrates a prolonged, transgenerational, and cross-continental marginalisation of Palestinian women from Syria, while also documenting their endeavours to speak up for their right to belong where they are, as well as to return to Palestine. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext (eng)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext (ara)
  • 36.
    Mameli, Flavia Alice
    et al.
    Berlin University of the Arts, Germany.
    Sarkez-Knudsen, JosefineTechnical University Berlin, Germany.Rosengren, MathildaUniversity of Cambridge, UK.Polleter, FranziskaUniversity of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Urban Appropriation Strategies: Exploring Space-making Practices in Contemporary European Cityscapes2018Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past years, the transiency of European city-making and dwelling has become increasingly hard to disregard. This urban flux calls for a methodological rethinking for those professionals, social and natural scientists, artists, and activists, with an interest in the processes of remaking and reclaiming urban space. With a practical and empirical emphasis, this anthology brings forth a variety of perspectives on urban appropriation strategies, their relation to public space-making, and their implications for future city development, exploring how ideas and practices of appropriation inform and relate to cultural narratives, politico-historical occasions as well as socio-ecological expressions.

  • 37.
    Martin, Kondrat
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Discursive Expression of Coping Strategies in Self-Help Groups During the Pandemic (2020-22)2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze and deconstruct different discursive coping strategies used by members in the Law of Assumption community to study how the philosophy intends to improve peoples’ lives in adverse times. The covid-19 pandemic - along with restrictions and limitations has created hardships for people worldwide. During the time of the pandemic, popularity in spiritual content on social media has surged. The need for studying discursive coping strategies in spiritual communities and how they help people through adverse times has never been higher. Previous research has studied popular self-help groups AA or Alcoholics Anonymous and NA or Narcotics Anonymous, however, there has not been any research on discursive coping strategies and their effects. Through a quantitative research of Youtube comments, the results of this study show that by reframing negative circumstances through affirmations, the members are gaining a better understanding of their personal values. By repeating affirmations and assuming positive outcomes, they are coping with difficult emotions that may arise while waiting for the positive outcomes to materialize. In addition, by believing that they already have achieved their desires, the members are being taught to disregard self-doubt. 

  • 38.
    Mestre i Mestre, Ruth
    et al.
    University of Valencia.
    Wendel, Lotta
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för kriminologi (KR).
    Johnsdotter, Sara
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Cultural Expertise and Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting2023Inngår i: Cultural Expertise, Law, and Rights: A Comprehensive Guide / [ed] Holden, Livia, Routledge, 2023, 1, s. 73-85Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we discuss how cultural expertise can be used to neutralize stereotyped images of minority cultures in court in female genital mutilation/cutting–related cases because, wisely employed, it may counteract possible negative effects of typification and judicial stereotyping.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Mestre i Mestre, Wendel, Johnsdotter 2023
  • 39.
    Munkler, Anna
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Seeking their place in the sun: A case study on the self-perception of German tourists in postcolonial Namibia2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has various effects on society. Not only economic but also immaterial effects on destinations as well as on tourists themselves. Especially regarding tourism between the Global North and South, it is arguable if tourism is a social force influencing societies in a positive way or if it rather reinforces stereotypes and colonial structures. Postcolonial approaches help to narrow down this topic and to complement classical tourism studies.

    This paper focuses on the situation of German tourists in a former German colony: Namibia. It examines how the tourists perceive themselves within the system of tourism in a postcolonial context, how they perceive the Other and colonial heritage during their trips. Interviews were conducted with eight German tourists who had travelled to Namibia during the last years on their experiences and thoughts to complement existing studies and broaden the picture.

    The interviews show that stereotypes and notions of white superiority still exist within tourism whilst the sensitivity for history, colonial times and postcolonial structures is rather weak amongst German tourists. At the same time, the tourists wish for more equality and encounters at eye level. It is reinforced that tourism scholarship as well as the tourism industry itself should have postcolonial issues in mind, as well as the non-economic effects of tourism which are in dire need to be considered stronger. The tourists showed that they are ready for a closer engagement with history if colonial heritage is presented and interpreted more intensively. If this interpretation is elaborated in communicative processes respecting all stakeholders, especially the local populations, tourism can not only impact economic development, it can also be a strong social force which ultimately would create a better understanding and experience for both stakeholders, the tourists, and locals respectively.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Murphy, Melissa Anna
    et al.
    Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway;Department of Culture, Religion, and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.
    Parker, Peter
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Hermus, Margot
    Department of Public Administration and Sociology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Cultivating inclusive public space with urban gardens2023Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 99-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A promise of urban gardening (UG) is allowing individuals to shape and engage with the built environment, bringing people together in public space. Municipalities may promote UG in public space for a wide variety of reasons such as enabling integration, reducing crime, or promoting area attractivity. While there is a general sense that UG can contribute to inclusive public space in these efforts, previous research provides ambiguous findings. UG in public space requires balancing inclusive and exclusive practices to create common values, as a select group of engaged members inherently shape space in their interest. UG initiatives vary considerably with respect to their aims, organisational forms, and spatial contexts - affecting inclusion in public space in different manners. The article seeks to unpack how urban settings, organisational forms, and municipal enabling affect UG practices towards inclusion in public space. To do so, the article draws on the theory of urban commons and intertwines it with research on inclusion in public space. This provides an understanding of multi-faceted UG governance and its exclusionary aspects. A framework is not only developed and applied to critically, but also constructively, to review how municipalities enable UG. A comparative analysis of UG initiatives in three Northern European municipalities explores both municipal enabling and the co-production of inclusive public space. The research abductively refines the framework for understanding the co-production of inclusive public space in UG. We argue that the findings and resulting framework have implications for research and for municipal enabling of UG towards inclusive public space.

  • 41.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för konst, kultur och kommunikation (K3).
    Metal Mania i Gaborone: Om betydelsen av ras i hårsdockssubkulturer2007Inngår i: Då och där, här och nu - festskrift till Ingemar Oscarsson / [ed] Magnus Nilsson, Per Rydén, Birthe Sjöberg, Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2007, s. 107-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Texten behandlar betydelsen av ras i hårdrockssubkulturen i Gaborone, Botswana.

  • 42.
    Parker, Peter
    Malmö högskola, Teknik och samhälle (TS). Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för Urbana Studier (US).
    Sensemaking and teamwork- understanding the relationship between management discourse and work practice2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied an organizational change in a medium sized factory in Sweden (about 120 employees). The overall purpose of this change was to create an organizational climate/culture in which the employees were to take an active interest in the daily work and to develop a larger extent of responsibility (such as planning the manufacturing orders). The reason for these changes was an experienced need for increased capacity of production, increased rates of effectiveness and productivity. This organizational development is vital for the factory because there have been few technical investments during the last few years and there is also an estimated overcapacity totally in production among the plants Sweden. Factory management in active cooperation with the local union decided that improvements could be achieved by organizing work in teams and by developing a new organizational climate/culture. These changes were felt to be integral in securing the plant and jobs in a long term perspective. Our interpretation of the situation in the factory is based on interviews made with team leaders (about 25 persons), union leaders, managers and other personnel. Findings indicate that the meaning and understanding of work have negatively changed instead of the opposite. Instead of experiencing increased responsibility and opportunities to plan the daily work, the employees felt a decreasing sense of competence since their jobs became less demanding and more routine. There is a sense of frustration both in management and among the workers as to how to bring about constructive change that increases both competence and competitiveness in the workplace. This paper explores developments in the factory from a sensemaking perspective. We seek to develop an understanding of the factors shaping how teamwork is understood. An important finding of the study is that the meaning of work in teams is intimately intertwined with factory-wide processes of sensemaking. The character of production and different positions within the social system of the factory are important elements in shaping the meaning of work in teams and thus the performance of these teams.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 43.
    Petersson, Charlotte C
    Malmö universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Developing Gender and Culture Sensitive Conversations with Sexually Abused Men by Blending Ethnography and Psychotherapy2020Inngår i: kritisk etnografi: Swedish Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 2003-1173, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 21-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Child sexual abuse can have long-term impact on the survivors’ emotional, physical, and psychological wellbeing. Male survivors of sexual abuse are less likely to disclose and report their experience compared to females because of aspects related to male gender socialisation. Feelings of shame, guilt or confusion about sexual or masculine identity silence sexually abused men. They report difficulties in both seeking and receiving formal support services tailored to their specific needs. This article presents collaborative work performed by an anthropologist and a psychotherapist during therapy of adult men with a history of sexual abuse. By using certain tools of ethnography in narrative therapy, we developed culture- and gender-sensitive conversations with sexually abused male clients from diverse backgrounds. A case study is provided to demonstrate how we worked with the various stages and practices of ethnography and narrative therapy, focusing on how sexually abused men were invited to unpack the discourses of masculinity that influenced their ways of understanding themselves and their traumatic past. The article offers an example of how anthropological knowledge and methods can be applied in contexts of clinical social work and demonstrates the way that postmodernist and constructive therapies combined with the tools of ethnography can generate constructive conversations about gender for sexually abused men

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    An Anthropology of War and Recovery: Lived War Experiences2012Inngår i: A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe / [ed] Ullrich Kockel, Mairead Nic Craith, Jonas Frykman, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, s. 253-274Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The 1991-95 wars in the former Yugoslavia were dealt with by anthopologists and ethnologists as the conflict was actually ongoing. Ethnographic fieldwork among civilians rendered refined knowledge of daily life, processes of identification, and patterns of action. Such knowledge often remains overlooked, especially in the shadows of the many analyses of political discourses, documents, institutions, and the role of the media. However, such ethnographic work is central to any understanding of the effects of military violence on people and the difficulties they meet in the processes of individual and societal recovery.

  • 45.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Cosmopolitanism in situ: challenges for ethnography2010Inngår i: BEYOND ESSENTIALISMS: Challenges of Anthropology in the 21st Century, Book of abstracts, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana , 2010, s. 12-13Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current globe-spanning processes of neo-liberal restructuring, several smaller scale cities across Europe appear as ‘aspiring cosmopolitan cities’: adopting a discourse of cosmopolitanism is currently ‘in’ as a mode of self-representation. A belief in a self-fulfilling prophecy seems to spread, of claiming to be, and therefore becoming, vibrant, open, multicultural and, none the least, cosmopolitan. In this context, migrants living in the city – even if occupying lower or totally marginal socio-economic positions – become “good” for the city’s image. Their presence adds to the visual diversity deemed normal for the so-called global cities. The languages the migrants use in their homes, and their personal connections to faraway places, are highlighted as a proof of the city’s multiple connectedness and openness, promising cultural and economic rewards. What are the actual roles of the migrants living in such cities? What exactly are the connections between the ways any people living in a city do boundary work in everyday life across national and structural contexts, and the normative agenda that has been named ‘cosmopolitan’? The burgeoning academic literature on cosmopolitanism offers a lot of theoretical considerations of ‘cosmopolitan imagination’, and a number of inventive notions such as ‘vernacular’, ‘banal’, ‘ordinary’, ‘marginal’, ‘unreflexive’, or ‘actually-existing’ cosmopolitanism. However, it is poor in empirical-analytical accounts and hardly offers any guidelines for ethnographic research. This paper aims at launching a discussion of ethnographic indicators of the what, where and when of cosmopolitanism as a cluster of phenomena grounded in people’s practices and in places of their everyday interactions, that is not reduced to transnational movements and cultural diversity. If we want to tackle lived experiences, material aspects and social-relational dimensions of cosmopolitanism in situ, micro-ethnographic approach is a needed as a basis of a theoretical and methodological framework that would allow innovative comparative research, with special regard to the current situation and prospects concerning migrants and cities.

  • 46.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Material Aspects of Transnational Social Fields: An Introduction2009Inngår i: Dve Domovini / Two Homelands, ISSN 0353-6777, E-ISSN 1581-1212, Vol. 29, nr 29, s. 105-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The author argues that ethnographic insights into migrants' personal relations achieved through objects, and their involvement in social networks provided through objects, can open up new avenues of understanding and contribute to the creation of new conceptual lenses in studies of migration. Conceptual and methodological issues are discussed, and the themes outlined, that connect ethnographic examples presented in the contributions to the following thematic section in this issue. Most important is the reconsideration of the migrants' presupposed collective identities. The claims to and representations of (usually ethnic) belonging may be detached from the ways in which people fashion their transnational social fields.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Material layers of transnational social fields2010Inngår i: Programme and abstracts for the International conference on TRANSMIG: Transnational Practices in Migration, RICC, IMISCOE, CEIFO, 4-5 November 2010, CEIFO, Stockholm University , 2010, s. 20-20Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to discuss the relevance of producing ethnographically founded knowledge of the roles of objects in the creation and maintenance of migrants’ transnational social fields. It also claims the importance of ethnographically founded knowledge about migrants as people whose everyday lives encompass locations in different nation-states, and not as bearers of ethnic identities. A common way of reasoning about migrants and objects is that objects signal a person’s identity and aid memory. In contrast, this paper pursues an interest in how objects constitute the world experienced by migrants in terms of its materiality. The presumed contribution is twofold, namely to the discipline of ethnology and the interdisciplinary field of migration research. With its focus on objects used in everyday life, the approach promoted in this paper differs significantly from the studies that prioritise a discursive formation of identities. The study of objects that are used, sent, received, refused and struggled with in the realm of transnational social fields intends to contribute to the epistemological balance of ethnological understanding of people’s identities as equally importantly positioned in material and discursive terms and equally importantly defined by practices and representations. If the importance of ethnicity is treated as an empirical question, and not as an assumed explanatory ground, a decisive step is taken beyond the ethnicity paradigm in migration research. The author claims that research-based contributions are welcome, towards a more complex understanding of the multiplicity of migrants’ positions, practices and identities, the perception of which may be hindered by a sole focus on their ethnicity, and by the presumption that they are ‘members’ or ‘representatives’ of any groups or communities. Comprehensive comparisons are suggested, based on extensive micro-studies of individuals’ strategies of creation and maintenance of transnational social fields. Thick descriptions (based both on observations and narratives) of specific trajectories and practical uses can contribute to a better understanding of the material layers of transnational spaces.

  • 48.
    Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för kultur och samhälle (KS), Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS).
    Materijalne prakse bivanja i pripadanja u transnacionalnim društvenim prostorima2010Inngår i: Studia ethnologica Croatica, ISSN 1330-3627, E-ISSN 1848-9532, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 39-60Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    MATERIAL PRACTICES OF BEING AND BELONGING IN TRANSNATIONAL SOCIAL FIELDS The claims to and representations of (usually ethnic) belonging may be detached from the ways in which migrants fashion their transnational social fields. Ethnographic insights into migrants’ personal relations achieved through objects, and their involvement in social networks proved through objects, can open up new avenues of understanding and contribute to the creation of new conceptual lenses in studies of migration. This paper proposes a shift of focus from material representations of social relations to how objects are carried around, sent, received, used or struggled with in transnational contexts of migration. Along with the ideas and discourses of identity, belonging and integration that dominate research, the suggestion is that practices and lived experiences involving the objects through which migrants accomplish incorporation in different locations should also be investigated. The paper thus argues in favour of an ethnographic research that focuses on objects that not only constitute people’s material worlds, but that also, via their transnational routes, destabilise the notions of ‘rooted’ cultures and localised communities to which they ‘belong’. Following these routes can afford insights into the construction of boundaries that may have little to do with the legal inclusions and exclusions in a certain territory. Furthermore, it could contribute to a rethinking and reformulation of the concept of society as being equated with the borders of a single nation-state – a theoretical priority of studies of transnational migration. The oneness (or continuity) of transnational social fields experienced by migrants can be exemplified by following the objects. Material aspects of simultaneity imply that the places of emigration (and of regular or sporadic return) must also be observed if an experience-oriented understanding, grounded in insiders’ acts and perceptions, is to be attempted. Whether materialised in or conditioned by objects, personal and group connections to other places and other cultural practices provide people with a sense of continuity and signal their incorporation in social fields that encompass more than one place in more than one state. There is also an ethical dimension to research that promotes insights into those basic material issues that define human lives in realms considered to be of the utmost personal and emotional importance and at the same time so mundane and common. Learning about what people do and why, their motivation, practices and lived experiences with regard to domestic spheres and connections to those who are socially close and emotionally important yet live in other countries, could pave the way to a deeper understanding and recognition of shared human concerns – ethnicities, cultures and states in spite.

  • 49. Rosengren, Mathilda
    Memory and digital technologies: a reflection on remembering in a virtual world2015Inngår i: Politics of Place: a journal for post-graduate, E-ISSN 2052-4498, nr 2, s. 60-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 50. Rosengren, Mathilda
    There’s life in dead wood: tracing a more-than-human urbanity in the spontaneous nature of Gothenburg2020Inngår i: The Botanical City, Berlin: jovis Verlag GmbH, 2020Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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