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  • 1.
    Aadland, Torgeir
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Hägg, Gustav
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lundqvist, Mats A.
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Stockhaus, Martin
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Williams Middleton, Karen
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mitigating the lack of prior entrepreneurial experience and exposure through entrepreneurship education programs2023In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 30, no 11, p. 19-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    To increase the understanding of how entrepreneurship education impacts entrepreneurial careers, the purpose of the paper is to investigate the role that a venture creation program (VCP) might have in mitigating or surpassing a lack of other antecedents of entrepreneurial careers. In particular, the authors focus on entrepreneurial pedigree and prior entrepreneurial experience.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Data from graduates of VCPs at three universities in Northern Europe were collected through an online survey. Questions addressed graduate background prior to education, yearly occupational employment subsequent to graduation and graduates' own perceptions of entrepreneurial activity in employment positions. The survey was sent to 1,326 graduates and received 692 responses (52.2% response rate).

    Findings

    The type of VCP, either independent (Ind-VCP) or corporate venture creation (Corp-VCP), influenced the mitigation of prior entrepreneurial experience. Prior entrepreneurial experience, together with Ind-VCP, made a career as self-employed more likely. However, this was not the case for Corp-VCP in subsequently choosing intrapreneurial careers. Entrepreneurial pedigree had no significant effect on career choice other than for hybrid careers.

    Research limitations/implications

    Entrepreneurial experience gained from VCPs seems to influence graduates toward future entrepreneurial careers. Evidence supports the conclusion that many VCP graduates who lack prior entrepreneurial experience or entrepreneurial pedigree can develop sufficient entrepreneurial competencies through the program.

    Originality/value

    This study offers novel evidence that entrepreneurship education can compensate for a lack of prior entrepreneurial experience and exposure for students preparing for entrepreneurial careers.

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    Aadland et al (2023) Mitigating the lack of prior entrepreneurial experience and exposure through entrepreneurship education programs
  • 2.
    Aberle, Nathalie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hoekstra, Mayke Martijntje
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Resilience Based Crisis Management in Public Educational Institutions at the Time of Global Pandemic of COVID-19: The Implication for Ensuring SDG 42020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The pursuance of the sustainable development goals, introduced by the United Nations in2015, is of absolute necessity to build a sustainable future. Resilience-based crisis management helps tosustain an organisation and pursue its goal during crises. The aim of this research was to explore thestatus quo of resilience-based crisis management within public primary- and secondary schools in theNetherlands during school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, the aim was todiscover which measures were in place to safeguard the provision of SDG 4. The exploration took placeto observe the adaptation capabilities within the educational sector, which could safeguard the provisionof SDG 4.

    Methodology: The aim was pursued by a qualitative approach. 17 semi-structured interviews with 18people were conducted during the time of the immediate Coronavirus crisis. All interviewees heldpositions within the crisis management of primary- and secondary schools in the Netherlands. Theinterviews were then analysed by the two researchers using thematic content analysis.

    Results: The results suggest that:(a) Crisis management structures in the schools foster resilience, yet, leave room for improvement;(b) Crisis management processes to foster resilience are present in the schools, however, the extentvaries and especially the pre-crisis actions were limited;(c) The sustainable development goals, especially the content of SDG 4, are little known in the schools;(d) Actions and measures to provide equitable and qualitative education during the temporary schoolclosures are in place.

    Implications: This research adds to the young field of crisis management within schools during schoolclosures as well as the provision of SDG 4 during crises through resilience-based crisis management.Since this research is of exploratory nature, many future research opportunities derive from this research.Furthermore, it discovered the strengths and challenges of the Dutch primary and secondary educationsector and gives room for development through education on SDG 4 and resilience-based crisismanagement.

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    OL646E Aberle Hoekstra
  • 3.
    Abildgaard, Anne
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Jørgensen, Kenneth Mølbjerg
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Enacting the entrepreneurial self: Public-private innovation as an actualization of a neoliberal market dispositive2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 37, no 4, article id 101179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on Foucault’s writings on power, neoliberalism, and the dispositive, this article analyses the identity politics that is immanent in a new collaborative practice between the public and private sector called public-private innovation (PPI). We argue that PPI is an element in actualizing a neoliberal market dispositive through inclining subjects to work on themselves in order to actualize their entrepreneurial self, thereby disconnecting them from their public service identity. The construction of two narratives supports the constitution of the political space of PPI: the fiery soul narrative and the need narrative. An important part of this identity politics is the construction of the narrative of the individual entrepreneur. Rather than expressing new public governance in the public sector, PPI actualizes a dispositive that marketizes public services as part of a neoliberal agenda. The narrative of PPI distracts from the marketization of public sector and leaves no other space for public-sector employees than to constitute themselves within contradictory feelings of enthusiasm and anxiety, determination and self-blame, responsibility and inadequacy, and bustle and confusion.

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    fulltext
  • 4.
    Adewuyi, M.
    et al.
    Lenoir-Rhyne University, Hickory Campus, NC, United States.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Ireland.
    Adetoun, B.
    ECOWAS, West Africa, South Africa.
    Tserere, M.
    KING of Kings Worldwide Inc., United States.
    Osagi, J. O.
    Florida A and M University, Tallahassee, FL, United States.
    Akande, A.
    IRC, South Africa.
    Ibegbeu, O.
    University of KZN, South Africa.
    Williams, K. A.
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Quo Vadis: Putting ancient moral leadership and ethics back into modern big business2018In: Advances in Business and Management / [ed] William D. Nelson, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , 2018, Vol. 15, p. 105-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter shows that the manner an organisation approaches strategic planning matters. A case study reflecting on Joseph's analytic work that was rooted in stewardship, service and divine endowments, and not 'fire and fury games'. It develops theoretical findings drawn from biblical strategy and blended with contemporary strategic human resource management. This virtuousness- common good approach to formulation of strategies through knowledge management is examined, particularly in regard to how managers can find a way for their organizations to best fit into the environment. It advances literature d related to spirituality at work (SAW) and spiritual leadership theory (SLT) to show that we are accompanied to work with our emotions and spirits. It concludes that ethics is not only related to application and discernment of principles of right and wrong that have virtual understanding of social cause and effect but also includes matters related to practical wisdom (phronesis). 

  • 5.
    Adewuyi, M.
    et al.
    Lenoir-Rhyne University, Hickory Campus, NC, United States.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Ireland.
    Akande, A.
    IRC, South Africa.
    Adetoun, B.
    ECOWAS, West Africa, South Africa.
    Kubheka, L. P.
    University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    The surprising stress that comes with being an entrepreneur2018In: Advances in Business and Management: Volume 15 / [ed] William D. Nelson, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. , 2018, Vol. 15, p. 1-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship is a stressful role for any person. Every enterpriser gets a pailful of stress, but how they handle it differ. To be in charge of leading people, making decisions, and determining the fate of your venture with your actions is not easy. The purpose of this paper is to fill this void by examining the depth and range of psychological stressors and strains that entrepreneurs encounter in their new venture creation. To further, clarify the confusion and inconsistencies in being self-employed. A three-stage research programme was devised. 24 South African-based entrepreneurs were interviewed and a total of 192 questionnaires administered to conference attendees. The study suggests that entrepreneurship is richly satisfying on one hand, but severely stressful on the other. Income usually doesn't buy happiness. Hence, by raising awareness, small business owners can come to terms with stress, thereby enhancing their careers, and lengthening their lives. The chapter concludes perhaps that stress is the psychological price of entrepreneurship.

  • 6.
    Aggestam, Maria
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Lund University.
    How women entrepreneurs build embeddedness: a case study approach2017In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 252-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to examine how women entrepreneurs are building embeddedness into male-gendered fields and how they are creating embedding in such fields in practice.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The qualitative methodology and three indicative case stories within gastronomic industry are illustrated and analysed.

    Findings

    The contribution of this study lies in the examination of the multifaceted embedding building process from dis-embedded, marginalised and suppressed position by women entrepreneurs. This was achieved with the help of building embedding through two strategies: sameness, that is, becoming one of the boys and then becoming a challenger, thereby enhancing their professional position.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study is subject to limitations; a small sample is not suited for the generalizability of results. The most important implication of this study is the identification of the process of building embeddedness as the most critical resource for women’s entrepreneurship that should be supported by the scholarly and business community.

    Originality/value

    The theoretical framework developed for this study laid the foundation for developing literature on the embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurship and how the process of creating embedding becomes instrumental in business ownership.

  • 7.
    Ahlandsberg, Tobias
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hansson, Felix
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Winiarski, Szymon
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Containerbrist i Kina: obalans av containertillgång2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på obalansen av containertillgången mellan Kina, Europa och USA. Företag inom containerindustrin i Kina har en låg tillgång på containrar men en hög efterfrågan, medan företagen försöker få tillgång till ett högre utbud av containrar kämpar USA med att tillgodose företagens efterfrågan i Kina. Studien identifiera de huvudsakliga orsakerna som kommer hjälpa till för att förstå varför det har uppstått en containerbrist i Kina, med fokus på konsekvenserna som uppkommit utifrån dessa bidragande faktorer. 

    Det finns problem gällande distributionen med containerfrakt vilket skapar oro gällande hanteringen av tomma containrar och hur de ska bli ompositionerade. Detta resulterar i en obalans av containrar inom vissa sektorer. Industrin inom Kina har haft produktionsstopp längre än förväntat på grund av pandemin vilket är orsaken till att den ökade produktionen satte stor press på hamnarna i Kina efter att nedstängningen var över. En annan orsak är att hamnar i USA blivit utsatta för pandemin, vilket i sin tur skapat en personalbrist och fartyg tvingades till att köa för att bli avlastade. Ytterligare en orsak fokuserar på Suezkanalen och hur ett fartyg blockerade hela kanalen, vilket orsakade förseningar och resursförluster för de inblandade parterna. 

    En konsekvens av den ökande efterfrågan på containerfrakt är att priset för frakten blir dyrare, vilket i sin tur kan påverka varornas pris då risken finns att specifikt priset kan stiga. Kinas exportföretag har skickat färre containrar som en direkt konsekvens av deras produktionsstopp vid det kinesiska nyåret, en konsekvens av den minskade exporten av containrar är att Kinas företag stöter på logistiska problem gällande att kunna möta efterfrågan på containerfrakt. En ytterligare konsekvens handlar om att tomma containrar spenderar mer tid ute på havet än vanligt gods, vilket orsakar obalanser gällande utbudet på containrar i världen. Gällande stoppet i Suezkanalen kommer de långvariga konsekvenserna kvarstå framöver gällande förseningar på transporter. 

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  • 8.
    Ahonen, Aila
    et al.
    JAMK University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Kristianstad University.
    Social Entrepreneurship and Corporate Social Responsibility in Team Sport Clubs: Two Cases from Sweden and Finland2020In: Sport Entrepreneurship and Public Policy: Building a New Approach to Policy-making for Sport / [ed] Vanessa Ratten, Springer Nature, 2020, 1, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and large sport clubs, in big cities or in the countryside, need to respond to external pressures created by social, financial and environmental factors. These pressures may come from the commercial environment, communities, national governing bodies, or political stakeholders. This chapter introduces the reader to the current pressures faced by Nordic sport clubs and the entrepreneurs’ role in the clubs’ development through the lens of entrepreneurship, and especially social entrepreneurship. This chapter addresses the role of the entrepreneur in relation to the triple bottom line of corporate social responsibility (CSR)—economy, environment, and society—in the context of Finnish and Swedish team sport clubs by using two football clubs as examples.

  • 9.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR GLOBE Cross-Cul, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Adetoun, Victoria J
    Armour College of Engineering, IIT, Chicago, IL, United States.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, United States.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Ireland.
    Revisiting ancient wisdom in leadership and management: Joseph’s synergy lesson plans for managers2021In: Organizational Science: A Global Perspective / [ed] Adebowale Akande; Gerald R. Ferris; Pamela L. Perrewé, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2021, p. 441-464Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Successful leaders are the precursors of success and the source of brilliant ideas in any business. This chapter shows that “good intentions” ahead of profits and indeed ahead of the “social realities are crucial and the manner an organization approaches corporate integrity and wisdom matters. A case study reflecting on Biblical Joseph’s analytic work that was rooted in stewardship, service, and divine endowments was utilized. It develops theoretical findings drawn from ancient wisdom and spiritual values and blended with contemporary strategic human resource management. Implications for research on leaderfollower personality congruence are considered for present and future managers who hope to practice from an integrative strategic perspective. © 2021 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

  • 10.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR GLOBE Cross-Cul, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, United States.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Ireland.
    The alliance of leadership and total quality: one more look after all these years2021In: Organizational Science: A Global Perspective / [ed] Adebowale Akande; Gerald R. Ferris; Pamela L. Perrewé, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2021, p. 85-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality is like a fire that ignites peoples’ desire, energy, commitment, and performance. Consequently, an abductive renewed analysis of Deming’s philosophy is offered here to build “the road map to being “better than the best.” In the broadest sense, we now know that quality should be incorporated to every level of a firm, and become part of the essence and everything the organization does. From typing or answering the phone calls to assembling products and serving the end customer, quality is fundamental to organizational success. However, one big omission left out by virtually all quality management researchers and literature was how to manage quality with leadership and bringing quality awareness to employees or communicate the quality policy to customers or consumers and the society. We provided an answer to this literature gap (under-explored missing piece). In framing the world, quality/leadership was contrasted with the social psychology’s post- Gordon Allport’s notion of stereotypes, prejudice, xenophobia, and outgroup discrimination, (ultra-complex human phenomena that are apparent today), fueled by antiimmigrant rhetoric, hate, negative biases, GF’s I can’t breathe police brutality, and raw resentment. Overall, the chapter offers managerial, philosophical, and practical interpretations of a possible alliance of leadership and total quality management (TQM + L= QL 2.0).

  • 11.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR GLOBE Cross-Cul, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, United States.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Ireland.
    Adetoun, Victoria J
    Armour College of Engineering, IIT, Chicago, IL, United States.
    Experiential learning in action: coaching at the heart of corporate training2021In: Organizational Science: A Global Perspective / [ed] Adebowale Akande; Gerald R. Ferris; Pamela L. Perrewé, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2021, p. 441-464Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ecology of content goals with skill development, needs, and benefits focuses was explored in a corporate training and coaching program. Without a thorough understanding of the rationale for developing a training or job coaching program and identifying the need for, and the cost and benefits for the firm, training and coaching efforts may amount to a hopeless waste of time. Organizations must evaluate the efficiency of their training and coaching programs to ensure that the benefits will be generated. This program was part of a larger organizational change strategy aimed at improving the relationship, technology, and change process in the workplace. Organizations that learn fastest are the best because they adapt well to changing environments and perform the best with time and overtime. Implications for future research from the perspectives of experiential learning and on leader-follower personality congruence and transformational leadership behavior are considered. 

  • 12.
    Akande, Adebowale
    et al.
    IR Globe Cross-Cultural Inc, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Akande, Titilola
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Dublin University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Adewuyi, Modupe
    Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA.
    Adetoun, Jibola
    IIR, Chicago, IL, USA.
    When a Thousand Flowers Bloom: The Human Side of Leadership from the Gestalt Perspective2023In: Globalization, Human Rights and Populism: Reimagining People, Power and Places / [ed] Adebowale Akande, Springer, 2023, p. 789-815Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Successful leaders are the precursors of change and the source of brilliant ideas in any country’s future or global venture. By combining gestalt-related ideas and guidelines, this chapter shows that “good intentions” ahead of personal benefits and indeed ahead of the social realities are crucial. The manner a gestalt group leader puts his/her own time in the perspective of history, character and integrity, wise appointments, and ability to work with allieds and rivals, matters. A case study reflecting on Biblical Joseph’s gestalt analytic work that was rooted in stewardship, service, and divine endowments was utilized. Joseph led from the front with presidential qualities translated to effective business leadership. He had more of a track record to go by and can be rated at the top in comparison with (and perhaps above) Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, and Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Martin Luther King, Jr., Barrack Obama, and so on. Joseph’s management, maintenance, and governance of his group had many similarities to the principles and practices of gestalt group process. The chapter concludes that by exhibiting these exemplary behaviors, Joseph was a role model, an advocate and an ally for building team spirit and work group inclusion. Thus, reaffirming that Joseph possesses everything we can look for in great and strong leaders. The parallels of this advice for leaders are great. Finally, we discuss the possible implications of our model and direction for future research.

  • 13. Aldentun, Joakim
    et al.
    Zandelin, Emil
    Vad är viktigast? Framtida generationens behov eller kostnaden för den egna plånboken.: En studie om hållbar utveckling i Supply Chain2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development means a development that meets today's needs without jeopardizing future generations' opportunities to meet their needs. What is fundamental is to create a sustainable structure in the long run that does not cause social, economic or environmental damage. This thesis aimed to investigate how actors work for sustainability in both the organization and the surrounding world. The authors have collected qualitative data using in- depth interviews supported by an interview guide. The respondents work on a global level in different industries and are in various ways linked to sustainability in the supply chain. The results indicate certain tendencies, such as the idea of long-term perspective and that companies work proactively with their activities to counteract emerging risks in the supply chain. Another tendency is that the market controls the activities; the economy is thus still the factor that has the most prominent role linked to the development of supply chains and products. The economy is what drives and accelerates technological development, and the positive thing about the development is that products, in most cases, become more environmentally sustainable, even if it is not the factor itself that seems to accelerate it. The social aspect is gradually getting better, but the interviews cannot ascertain what is really behind that development. What can be established is that the actors work proactively with sustainability, and the factors play a different role in that work. The economy is the largest, and the other two aspects are more challenging to define. 

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  • 14.
    Ambrus, Patrick
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Calogero, Elias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Logistikverksamhet inom järnvägsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om utmaningar från aktörernas perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 15.
    Andersson, André
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Strandell, Elias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hur kan Lean service management användas för att förbättra kundnöjdhet och effektivisera produktion- och uppföljningsskedet av byggprocessen?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to contribute to an increased understanding of the application of Lean service management in the production and monitoring phase of the construction process within real estate companies. The research questions investigate how Lean service management can improve customer satisfaction and efficiency, what obstacles can arise during implementation, and how Lean can develop in the future. Real estate companies must offer high-quality services while streamlining their operations to increase profitability as the industry has become increasingly service-focused.

    This study uses a qualitative, deductive method with a comparative research design to analyze how Lean service management is applied in real estate companies. Collected data consists of a literature review and semi-structured interviews with three respondents from different companies.

    The results show that Lean service management can streamline the production and monitoring phase of the construction process by identifying and eliminating waste of resources. The study emphasizes the importance of measuring improvements and using digital tools to create a holistic project approach. Implementing Lean requires management commitment, Lean training, and the involvement of the entire organization. With proper application, Lean service management can create win-win situations where the company, its employees, and the customer benefit.

    Future development of Lean service management in the production and monitoring phase of the construction process may include increased digitization and the use of AI models to streamline more processes. The study also concludes that a more efficient construction process is necessary to meet future environmental requirements and create sustainable solutions.

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  • 16.
    Andersson, Cajsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    EXTERNAL ENABLERS OF COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE ACTORS ENGAGING IN THE CIRCULARECONOMY2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy has emerged as a tool for addressing the current linear economic system, producing massive amounts waste and exacerbating climate change. During the recent crises and instabilities, the potential of the circular economy has been further highlighted.However, the concept remains undefined, and little is known of its implementation inpractice. This thesis explores the circular economy and its implementation among six Swedish commercial real estate actors, through interviews and an investigation of their official documents, with the aim of discovering signs of the circular economy, how those signs have emerged and the knowledge and capabilities necessary to capitalize on them. The External Enablers Framework by Davidsson et al. (2020) is used to find the external enablers thatfacilitate a shift towards more circular business practices. The thesis discovers multiple signs of circularity in the empirical material, in targets, strategies and activities. It also identifies several external enablers potentially impacting the implementation of circular activities in existing real estate ventures, such as collaboration networks, climate change awareness andthe recent crises and instabilities. The real estate actors themselves also potentially influence the industry around them towards circularity, in an ecosystem of enablement.

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  • 17.
    Andersson Döme, Jennie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Larsson, Alexander
    Wrede, Henrik
    E-handel ur ett omnichannel perspektiv: En fallstudie om IKEA:s logistiska processer för fysisk distribution2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Omnichannel is a term that aims to clarify the customer perspective by integrating processes so the customer can interact through all available channels seamlessly. Common channels used are such as physical stores, websites or apps, where the integration of multichannel systems strives for a friction-free and a seamless shopping experience. 

    The purpose of this study was to examine and discuss how IKEA:s e-commerce has developed from an omnichannel perspective by describing the logistical processes for physical distribution. This was carried out using a qualitative method containing interviews, a webinar and secondary data to compose the empirical findings and was carried out as a case study. 

    The result displays that IKEA:s approach to omnichannel and logistical processes is in a procedure of change and adaptation to the growing e-commerce. The transformation is done to maintain flexibility and accessibility towards their consumers. The study notice that IKEA have had to deal with the increase of e-commerce by using rapid actions to be able to manage the logistical challenges, which sometimes cause long-term solutions to be de-prioritized to secure customer orders. Finally, the results show that IKEA:s delivery system is a flexible and customer centric part of their logistical processes. 

    Keywords: Omnichannel, E-commerce, Distribution-system, Order-system, Delivery-system 

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  • 18.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    32. Reflections and Conclusions2022In: The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets / [ed] Andersson, M., Palm, P., Bohman, H., Balivet, B., Akinsomi, O., Routledge, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter learns the importance of institutions and how new institutional economics emphasizes the role of institutions for a market economy to function. It learns that traditions, particularly legal traditions, have a great impact on conveyance process. Another source of insecurity and information quality is when taxes and fees are differentiated in regard to price of the property. This gives the seller and buyer an incentive not to disclose the true sales price. The complexity of a given conveyance process determines the level of people's involvement and also the transaction costs. If it is complex from the start, this is a sign that the process will be time-consuming, costly, and hard to understand for common buyer and/or seller. The Swedish regulatory regime, where the agent has a mandatory university education comprising courses in relevant fields of law, handles the legal aspects of the transaction, and this lowers the transaction costs, as no legal counselling are involved in the process.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, PeterMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).Bohman, HelenaMalmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).Balivet, BéatriceJean Moulin University Lyon 3, France.Akinsomi, OmokolaadeUniversity of the Witwatersrand, South-Africa.
    The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of international comparative housing studies, possibly because it requires thorough knowledge of the real estate market in question. This book brings together scholars with knowledge of different national markets in order to facilitate comparisons for real estate and housing and urban studies scholars and practitioners. By studying international markets using new data as well as new analysis of existing data, the chapters in this book present insights into the institutional constraints on national housing markets. Specifically, the contributors seek to examine the role of institutional factors and their influence on transaction costs in these markets. Exhibiting a diverse range of geographical, legal, and economic perspectives, the countries are grouped together based on legal institutional similarities, and each group includes an introduction and a conclusion highlighting similarities and differences from the institutional perspective.

    The book is divided into 3 parts:

    Part I sets the theoretical context and the reasons for writing a book focusing on national housing markets.

    Part II presents national markets from the perspective of the transaction process and covers Europe, North and South America, East Asia, the Pacific, and Africa.

    Part III contains conclusions with a critical discussion on how to compare national housing markets and a reflection on future directions of housing markets in an increasingly competitive international environment.

    The Routledge Companion to International Housing Markets is essential reading for academics and professionals in housing studies, real estate, economics, and urban studies.

  • 20.
    Anna, Blombäck
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Lund University.
    Corporate community responsibility as an outcome of individual embeddedness2014In: Social Responsibility Journal, ISSN 1747-1117, E-ISSN 1758-857X, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 297-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this article is to improve our understanding of the nature of social responsibility in actual practices and, specifically, the influence of individuals on these processes.

    Design/methodology/approach

    An abductive approach is applied (Alvesson and Sköldberg 1994), i.e. theory is developed by moving between theory and four empirical cases. The stories highlight the importance of the individual and closeness to local stakeholders and the presence of overlapping rationales.

    Findings

    The individuals’ simultaneous roles – as owners, managers and community members – influence how they are held or see themselves as accountable and how they account for the firms’ engagement in the community. The activities are conducted in the name of the firm but originate from private as well as business-oriented concerns. Our conclusions encourage an extension of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) construct to approach it as an entangled phenomenon resulting from the firm and the individual embeddedness in internal and external cultures.

    Originality/value

    This study brings the individual managers and owner-managers into focus and how their interplay with the surrounding context can create additional dimensions of accountability, which impact on the decisions taken in regard to CSR. A micro-perspective is applied. Corporate community responsibility, particularly in smaller and rural communities, contributes to recognize and understand how individuals influence and are influenced by CSR.

  • 21.
    Appelbaum, Robert
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    del Valle Alcala, Roberto
    Sodertorn Univ, Huddinge, Sweden..
    Is economic inequality also a literary problem?2020In: Studia Neophilologica, ISSN 0039-3274, E-ISSN 1651-2308, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 149-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an introduction to our special issue on literature and economic inequality. Beginning with a discussion of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's 'Origin of Inequality', and moving on to a brief analysis of the current juncture of the conditions of inequality and the conditions of literature and literary study, we introduce our seven contributions and try to frame the challenges literary study faces today.

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  • 22.
    Arnaout, Sacha
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Bucaro, William
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Fastighetsmäklarens praktik: En studie på svenska mäklarbyråer2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internships provide opportunities for an understanding of the real estate brokerage industry and the skills required to be active in the profession in question. The Swedish Estate Agents Inspectorate(FMI)has set a requirement that a 10-week internship must be completed before the student can be active as a real estate agent in Sweden. However, this requirement is unspecified in comparison with the internship that, for example, nurses have, which leaves room for real estate agencies to shape the internship. At the same time, there are a number of newly registered real estate agents who choose to change careers according to statistics. This study has been designed to try to understand how real estate agencies transform the FMI’s general advice into practice, and how trainees have experienced the internship. A qualitative survey was conducted through interviews with 7 different respondents. 

    The study showed that the internship period looks different depending on where the student does the internship despite the FMI’s general advice for the design of the internship, which in turn affects the trainee. In addition, there is a lack of knowledge after the internship period for all interns, at the same time as the quality development regarding the internship structure in the real estate agencies, is lacking

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  • 23.
    Arneson, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Twisted Logic of Remote Work: A qualitative study on employees’ perceptions and experiences of working remotely in the presence of Covid-192022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis highlights employees’ perceptions and experiences of working remotely in the presence of the Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of the thesis is to understand how remote work during pandemic times impacts employees’ perception of their overall working life. In addition to that, it highlights employees’ experience of their social interaction, impression exchange, feedback sharing, trust-building, and performance at work. It strives to illuminate employees’ impression of their work-life balance and the specific company’s organizational culture when working remotely in pandemic times. The research problem is built upon possible reductions of informal interaction between employees when working remotely, which further on can cause separation of teams and a decreased employee identification with the organization. The research problem also has its foundation in the possible blurring of boundaries between two components, personal- and professional life, when working from home. The thesis was formed by a qualitative research approach where the empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews with employees at a specific company. The analysis illuminates insightful findings with support from previous research, theories, and concepts. The empirical results show that employees have a variety of opinions about their work situation. Some argued for positive work-life balance, workflow, and collaboration, whereas other interviewees pointed out that informal interaction, trust-building, and feedback-sharing suffer when working remotely. Empirical data claim that remote work influences employees’ identification and sense of belonging within organizations, especially for new employees. Additionally, work-life balance became more balanced for some but challenging for others. Another finding shows that the perception and experience about the overall work life and organizational culture might not only be impacted by Covid-19 but also by the fast-growing company size.

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  • 24.
    Ashir, Monty
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Milutinovic, Kristian
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Heibö Sundstdt, Philip
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den subventionerade hyresrabatten – ett kontroversiellt ämne: En studie om fastighetsägare som har gett hyresrabatter i samband med covid-19 pandemin under 20202021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government introduced a state rent rebate support for vulnerable industries in the first quarter of 2020, as a quick solution to dampen market turmoil. The support has been criticized by both tenants and property owners. It has been a controversial issue with various opinions on how the distribution of state subsidies should be constructed to best fit the current situation.The study is based on examining the state subsidized rent rebate that was distributed to the most affected industries. The purpose of the study is to clarify how the state-subsidized rent rebate during the corona pandemic has been used in practice.To answer the study's questions and to achieve the purpose of the study, a qualitative research method has been used. The purpose of the qualitative research interview is to understand the topic explored from the interviewee's own perspective and experience.The results show that the main reasons to why a rent discount was given to tenants, was to act as a helping hand to those most effected by the pandemic, but also to avoid vacancies. The rent discount resulted in a clear financial advantage for both the property owners and the tenants, where the majority of the tenants have been able to continue their business. The property owners have avoided high renovation costs to adapt premises for new tenants.Criticism has been leveled at the very structure of the rent rebate support, as the administrative part was complicated. The propery owners have partly been acting as an intermediary and solely shoulder the responsibility in terms of allocating the rent rebate.

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  • 25.
    Bagher, André
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sandberg, Eric
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vad krävs för att bolag ska investera i nyproduktion i Malmö?: Hyressättningssystem & incitament att bygga2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the requirements that are needed for companies to invest in new development. We go into different rental compensation systems that are used in existing rental apartments and how the state has tried to stimulate the production of rental apartments with the help of presumptive rents and investment support. The subject of no rent regulations or market rents has been a hot topic of debate that even caused the government to resign in 2021. Therefore, the paper continues to investigate whether the strict rent setting system that exists in Sweden prevents the new production of rental properties and whether a free rent setting could have changed this.

    A qualitative method has been used to fulfil the purpose of the paper. The paper is based on scientific articles, literature and interviews with people from various real estate companies. The result of the study is that this is a sensitive issue where opinions vary between private and municipal companies. It can be stated that new developments have decreased and prices for new construction have risen sharply as a result of inflation and the increased interest rate. In order to increase the incentive for new construction of rental apartments, a clearer structure and action plan from the municipalities is required, as well as more granting of building permits, but in the long term, a new reform of the rent compensation system is required.

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  • 26. Baglioni, Simone
    et al.
    Chabanet, Didier
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Kristianstad University.
    The rise of social enterprises and social entrepreneurship in Western Europe2018In: Social entrepreneurship and social innovation: Ecosystems for inclusion in Europe / [ed] Mario Biggeri, Enrico Testi, Marco Bellucci, Roel During, H. Thomas R. Persson, London: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 24-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the mutual interests of social enterprises (SEs)/social entrepreneurs and neo-liberal policy-makers/stakeholders. It offers a brief historical discussion of the evolution of SEs in Western Europe from the nineteenth century to the 1970s. The chapter focuses on how these institutions changed from 1980 to the present. It also focuses on the role political institutions at all levels played in reshaping the sector. The chapter discusses the connections between SEs and market forces, and how these connections produced dramatic changes. It addresses how our cross-temporal analysis can help understand contemporary SEs and welfare regimes. The chapter describes the historical evolution of solidarity in the context of the sweeping changes that have been made to various welfare regimes. It provides a fair assessment of the evolution and growth of the welfare sector across Europe, as well as how these predecessors have affected current SEs.

  • 27.
    Baias, Bianca
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Lindgren Cortés, Sofia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Mindfulness as a Path to Effective Meetings and Leadership Management for Sustainable Transitions within Organizations: An experimental study of  leaders’ and subordinates’ perceptions of mindfulness meetings2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations carry an important role in transforming sustainable systems, not least their leaders as they can influence the well-being of employees. Implementing Mindfulness Practices (MPs) within organizations could therefore have a positive influence on several levels throughout the organization for making sustainable change.  As meetings are the playing field for decision-making in organizations, mindfulness is a way to engage people in meetings, to help participants rise to the opportunity of making sustainable decisions. Building on the existing research on organizations and mindfulness, this study aims to provide a descriptive account of the perceptions and experiences of individuals within a team when a short MP is incorporated at the beginning of meetings, resulting in a Mindfulness Meeting (MM). The research took a multi-method qualitative approach by conducting semi-structured interviews and participant observations on two teams from different organizations. Two interviews were conducted, on both leaders and followers, one focusing on general meeting perceptions, and a second focusing on the perceptions of the MMs. The findings of the research indicate that a MP, when conducted in the right format, helps cultivate and strengthen the cognitive processes critical for work environments. In particular the factors perceived as positive for achieving meeting goals were a sense of being present, aware, having clarity of thought, and regulating interactions with others. However, this study is just a starting place for the future of MM within organizations and the work they must do to transition towards sustainable systems.

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  • 28.
    Banda, Laurence
    et al.
    Wits Business School (WBS), University of the Witwatersrand (Wits),Johannesburg,South Africa.
    Mzyece, Mjumo
    Wits Business School (WBS), University of the Witwatersrand (Wits),Johannesburg,South Africa.
    Mekuria, Fisseha
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT). Wits Business School (WBS), University of the Witwatersrand (Wits),Johannesburg,South Africa.
    Business Models for 5G-IoT Private Networks2023In: 2023 IEEE AFRICON, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing integration of Internet of Things (IoT) within Fifth-generation (5G) mobile ecosystem promises to provide smart and intelligent services meant to foster vertical industry digitalization. 5G-IoT private networks have become a popular choice of adoption by industry verticals in accelerating digital transformation across various sectors, thereby culminating in Industry 4.0. Research and development on 5G-IoT private networks has mainly focused on the technical aspect with less attention on the business side. This paper discusses viable business model options for 5G-IoT private networks for applications in diverse industry sectors and the attainment of economic value in terms of revenue maximization, cost minimization and sustainability.

  • 29.
    Behrami, Arian
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Huynh, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Infrastrukturinvesteringars påverkan på ekonomisk tillväxt ochattraktionskraft för högutbildade: En studie om visionen Öresundsmetron mellanMalmö och Köpenhamn2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Investments in transport infrastructure are expensive and require planning, even then it does notalways work as intended. This study aims to see the relationship between an investment intransport infrastructure in the Öresund region and regional attractiveness as well as economicgrowth. The Öresundsmetro is still a vision which is planned and discussed in Malmö City andCopenhagen City. Since the 19th century companies in the western world have changed theirproduction which has increased the demand for good transport infrastructure. Previous studieshave shown that investments in transport infrastructure can increase the economic growth andattractiveness through localization- and urbanization economies. Previous studies have alsoshown that companies have a similar mindset as they have had historically when choosinglocalization, but as companies and society change, the demand and choice of localization haschanged. When the western world could not compete with the production efficiency which wasdeveloped in Asia, the western world’s companies developed from an industry toknowledge-intensive companies. Before the industrial revolution, raw materials andtransportation costs were the company's highest cost, when replacing the industrial productionwith skilled labor the salaries became companies highest cost. Companies want to be locatedwhere they have the lowest costs. Here, the Öresund region has a chance to attract companies byincreasing its attractiveness through, among other things, a good infrastructure that enablescompanies to have access to a higher educated workforce, the creative class. We have used aqualitative method where the empirical data consists of articles in newspapers, a motion in theSwedish Parliament, a survey of Demoskop and an interview with the Project Manager for theÖresundmetro. This empiric data has been analyzed based on previous research and theoreticalmodels. The results shows that the Öresundmetro can lead to increased attractiveness andeconomic growth, for the region in Öresund, by attracting companies and labor to the region,with the conditions that existing infrastructure works as it should where the Öresundsmetrocomplements rather than replaces.

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  • 30.
    Bejaković, Predrag
    et al.
    Institute for Public Finance, Croatia.
    Gladoic Håkansson, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Society, Culture and Identity (SKI).
    Platform Work as an Important New Form of Labour in Croatia2021In: Zagreb International Review of Economics and Business, ISSN 1331-5609, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, developments in digital technology have fuelled the emergence of online platforms that match the supply and demand of goods and services. In most European countries, platform work is still small, but it is strongly and rapidly developing. The types of work offered through platforms are ever-increasing, as are the challenges for existing regulatory frameworks. However, we still know very little about platform work, and there is a lack of understanding of the challenges regarding the working conditions and social protection of platform workers. Employers’ and employees’ organizations so far have no sharp solutions, and the Croatian government seems to prioritize other political issues. Although stakeholders are usually informed, the discussion about regulating platform employment and its possible widespread persistence has not started yet in the majority of EU countries. Particular attention in this paper is dedicated to the situation and determinants of platform work in Croatia.

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  • 31.
    Berglund, Jakob
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Eek, Fredrik
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Servicekvalitet i fastighetsbranschen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att studera svenska fastighetsföretags fokus på service och vilka medelsamt metoder som används för att mäta, uppnå och förbättra sin servicekvalite.Metoden har varit av kvalitativ ansats. Semistrukturerade intervjuer av sex fastighetsföretag ochen kompletterande innehållsanalys över fastighetsföretagens årsredovisningar har genomförts.Intervjuerna genomfördes på tre fastighetsförvaltare, en affärschef, affärsansvarig ochregionchef.Studiens slutsats är att såväl bostadsföretagen som de fastighetsföretag som hyr ut kontor- ochlogistiklokaler arbetar mer med servicekvalite idag jämfört med tidigare. Dock anser vi att dekommersiella fastighetsföretagen arbetar mer proaktivt och har ett större fokus på aktivakunddialoger, jämfört med bostadsföretagen som mer arbetar med social hållbarhet ochtrygghetsskapande frågor. Vi har fått viss indikation på att outsourcing av fastighetstekniker kanleda till försämrad transparens och brister i återkopplingen, vidare verkar fysiska besök framfördigitala möten hos de kommersiella aktörernas vara av vikt för ett gott relationsskapande.Ytterligare kan de kommersiella aktörernas NKI-undersökningar var bristfälliga då ofta enplatschef eller kontaktperson besvarar enkäterna, framför de som vistats mer frekvent i lokalen.Studiens bidrag är att undersöka svenska fastighetsbranschen och hur sex privatafastighetsföretag ser på service. Studien är lämplig för andra studenter inom service managementoch för andra fastighetsföretag för att synliggöra hur deras kollegor i branschen arbetar medservicekvalite och vilka förbättringsåtgärder det finns.

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  • 32.
    Berglund, Karin Anna Elisabeth
    et al.
    Stockholm University School of Business, Sweden.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Using pictures and artefacts in a PAR process to disclose new wor(l)ds of entrepreneurship2012In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 276-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on Freire, this article elaborates on how pictures and artefacts benefit processes of ‘prise de conscience’ and ‘conscientization’ among those with powerful voices. Wor(l)d-making was unfolded in the Swedish think-and-do tank, ‘the Smithy’, emphasizing the intrinsically political nature of promoting ‘societal entrepreneurship’ (SE). New words for SE were formulated and a more inclusive world was discerned where all had a role, not just as ‘helpers’, but as equal members of SE practices. Pictures and artefacts enabled hitherto silenced stories to be told and created a common understanding of how SE contrasted with traditional entrepreneurship. When new words were added to entrepreneurship, it was possible to reflect on the actions taken within the Smithy in a deeper sense, not only focusing on actions for the entrepreneurs ‘out there’, but also initiating self-reflection on the roles all had in the Smithy, or in other settings, to promote SE. 

  • 33. Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Wigren-Kristoferson, Caroline
    Ethnographic Approaches to Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research: What Lessons Can We Learn?2014In: Handbook Of Research Methods And Applications in Entrepreneurship And Small Business / [ed] Alan L. Carsrud, Malin Brännback, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2014, p. 201-227Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    DeVoretz, Don J
    The Economics of Citizenship2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the exception of economists, social scientists have a long and detailed history of analyzing the political and social implications of citizenship acquisition by immigrants. Economists, on the other hand, have occasionally entered the field in an ad hoc manner with limited speculations about the possible earnings or employment effects that may derive from immigrant citizenship ascension. This book goes one step further by providing an economic model to predict immigrant citizenship and its impact in the labour market and the public finance spheres in a comparative framework. Five countries – Canada, the United States, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Norway – with five different immigrant selection and citizenship-granting procedures are analyzed to test the robustness of the economic model. The results indicate that the immigrant selection process in turn influences a given country’s citizenship-granting process and affects the size of the economic premium derived from citizenship. Thus, the authors conclude that the design of a country’s immigration and citizenship policies influences the degree of economic integration of its potential citizens.

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  • 35.
    Bevelander, Pieter
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Luik, Marc-André
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM).
    Refugee Employment Integration Heterogeneity in Sweden: Evidence From a Cohort Analysis2020In: Frontiers in Sociology, E-ISSN 2297-7775, Vol. 5, article id 44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden, like many other European countries, has lower employment levels for the foreign-born compared to native-born Swedes. To some extent, this could be due to the country's relatively large intake of refugees. However, few studies have focused entirely on the employment integration of these refugees. In order to fill this gap, we use detailed longitudinal Swedish register data of three arrival cohorts (1998-2000). These data cover the employment of refugees from different countries of origin in Sweden in the first 12 years since their arrival. In line with related work and theoretical considerations and with respect to group characteristics, outmigration, and employment integration over time, we find differences between dissimilar groups of refugees. The findings concerning employment integration decrease to a small degree after rich regression adjustments. Moreover, maybe more surprisingly, we find a very similar result within the main groups of refugees from countries such as Bosnia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. Women from these groups, in particular, have similar or higher employment probabilities than Swedish-born women after between 5 and 8 years in the country. Overall, each group managed to catch up to a non-negligible, yet varying, degree compared to related empirical evidence from other countries. The role of contextual factors in the refugee sending and receiving countries is highlighted.

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  • 36. Biggeri, Mario
    et al.
    Testi, EnricoBellucci, MarcoDuring, RoelPersson, H. Thomas R.Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Social entrepreneurship and social innovation: Ecosystems for inclusion in Europe2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Bimczok, Leonie-Isabelle
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Juárez Wichmann, Laura
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sustainability Management in large German companies: An analysis of the motives for conducting sustainability management and the roles of sustainability managers and experts2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Implementing and conducting sustainability management in businesses today presents an urgent but also complex challenge for large German companies. To react to the fast-changing regulations and demands on the market and to reduce the complexity of sustainability, organizations have introduced sustainability departments as well as sustainability experts and managers. However, the question remains as to what the motives of companies have to conduct sustainability management, and what roles sustainability managers and experts have in the process of sustainable development. The main research question therefore examines how large German companies can achieve sustainable organizational change. In 15 semi-structured interviews with sustainability experts and managers, the motives of companies for conducting sustainability management were analyzed, thereby further exploring the role and influence of sustainability managers and experts in the change process. The results demonstrate that companies pursue a variety of motives which combine economic, legal, ethical, social, environmental, as well as philanthropic and discretionary factors. In addition, the research outlines that sustainability managers and experts embody different roles in order to support the process of integrating sustainability into the organization. Moreover, through their personal involvement and enthusiasm they can partly influence sustainable organizational change. The key results also highlight the complexity of sustainability within large companies. Based on these key results of this study practical implications could be derived in the form of ten correlating factors for achieving sustainable organizational change.

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  • 38.
    Blanco Arias, Maricela
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Terrestrial Leadership to Stay With The Trouble: What can we learn from theory, philosophy, and Costa Rican stories of response-ability and string figuring?2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is inspired by St. Pierre’s post qualitative inquiry and the philosophy of immanence, which support the creation of concepts through immersion in theory, philosophy, and practice. This serves as a guide of thought for the inquirer´s journey of exploration and creativity. This research departures in Latour´s concept of the Terrestrial, enriched by Haraway´s addition to the concept; and in Haraway´s theory of string figures, which is the foundation for exploring how to enact the change that is needed to survive in a world of climate destruction and business as usual. Haraway says that not all humans observe the Terrestrial from above (as Latour suggests) and invites us to go out there and find the people that never took off. For this purpose, I went to Costa Rica and had non-structured conversations with six Costa Rican leaders, who have been working for and with social and environmental causes for years. This inquiry aims to get a deeper understanding of how these stories, combined with the concept of the Terrestrial and SF theory, may help us create new concepts and develop a philosophy of Terrestrial Leadership. From a magic island to banana women, these stories tell us about how these leaders have gone through constant metamorphic processes of inner development, the discovery of their response-ability, the enactment of collaborations, and the politics of staying with the trouble in a chaotic world; in the Chthulucene. Finally, with the help of storytelling, I attempt to offer a first ontological and epistemological perspective on the concept of Terrestrial leadership and how we might benefit from it.

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  • 39.
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2 the Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport.
    Same, same but different?: Neighbourhood effects of accessibility on housing prices2021In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 107, p. 52-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing research literature is focusing on how effects from increased accessibility may differ according to socio-economic aspects of neighbourhoods and households. This has raised concerns of whether areas with high accessibility may became unaffordable for low-income households, who, at the same time, may depend on public transport accessibility more than average households. We use difference-in-difference estimates of hedonic price models to study the distribution of effects around the new stations provided by a railway tunnel in Malmo center dot, Sweden. The study finds that the lower-price segments are the most affected by the improved accessibility, which becomes clearer when different control groups are used for different market segments. Accessibility is therefore interpreted as highly important for households in the lower-price segments. From a housing accessibility perspective, this is described as a double-edged sword. On the one hand, the owners of the apartments in these neighbourhoods, who benefit from the price increase, are typically low-income households. On the other hand, low-income households who are not owners may find the area prohibitively expensive due to price increases. Tenure of the catchment area is thus an important factor in understanding the distributional effects of accessibility. Integrating transport and housing-related planning, and specifically addressing the issue of affordability in early assessments, are therefore recommended.

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  • 40.
    Bohman, Helena
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2–The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport.
    Nilsson, Désirée
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). K2–The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport.
    Borrowed sizes: A hedonic price approach to the value of network structure in public transport systems2021In: Journal of Transport and Land Use, ISSN 1938-7849, E-ISSN 1938-7849, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Property prices are known to be higher in places with high accessibility, such as in proximity to train stations and especially to commuter rail, than in places without this access. This study provides a better understanding of how regional accessibility, through the structure of railway networks, can influence local agglomeration economies by providing accessibility to large labor markets. Previous literature has shown a positive impact of proximity to railway stations on housing prices, and our study adds to the literature by analyzing the impact of network structure. We argue that public transport systems can support the benefits of city networks in line with Alonso’s concept of borrowed sizes (1973). Using network theory to measure accessibility provided by the network, we show that stations that provide accessibility to large labor markets across the region are perceived as more attractive by households. Cities in proximity to other cities are strengthened through their public transport links, which allow agglomeration benefits to be exploited by residents.

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  • 41.
    Bolin, Victoria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL).
    Henriksson, Anette
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of School Development and Leadership (SOL).
    Ämnesspråkets betydelse i ett företagsekonomiskt sammanhang2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Arbetet syftar till att belysa (1) ämnesspråkliga svårigheter vid undervisning i företagsekonomi på gymnasieskolan samt (2) vilka multimodala arbetssätt som används och hur dessa i så fall främjar förståelsen för budgetbegreppen. Undersökningen utgör en kvalitativ studie där semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med fyra lärare i företagsekonomi på fyra olika skolor.

    Arbetet har utgått ifrån de två frågeställningarna samt baserats på de didaktiska frågorna vem, vad, hur och varför, som återfinns i den didaktiska triangeln. Vi har undersökt vilka kopplingar till Deweys kontinuitetsprincip och Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv som kan identifieras samt använts Cummins fyrfältsmodell för analys i syfte att kunna besvara studien frågeställningar. 

     

    De viktigaste slutsatserna som vi dragit av studien är följande:

    • Förförståelse från eleverna när det gäller begrepp och modeller kring budget är begränsad till vardagsfrågor och eleverna saknar helt kunskap kring det företagsekonomiska ämnesspråket när de påbörjar sin gymnasieutbildning.
    • Eleverna har idag sämre ordförråd när det gäller det svenska språket, vilket bidrar till försvårande omständigheter för ekonomilärarna, och det blir mer utmanande för lärarna att skapa en fördjupad kunskap för företagsekonomiska begrepp hos eleverna.
    • Lärarna använder sig genomgående av multimodala arbetssätt för att nå eleverna genom olika sinnen och vikten av varierade lektioner framhålles.
    • Genom användandet av olika multimodala verktyg baserat på elevens utvecklingsstadier enligt Cummins fyrfältsmodell, främjas inlärningen.
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  • 42.
    Boras, Daniella
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Carlsson, Thea
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Faktorer som påverkar små fastighetsbolags tillgång till kapital: Med fokus på bankfinansiering2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a known fact that small real estate companies’ access to external financing and consequently growth is more limited than what it is to larger firms. The capital is limited today and new regulations appear all the time which additionally raises the barriers for entry to the real estate sector. Even though the same rules apply to all, there are some factors that smaller firms can pay attention to in order to have a better chance in this competitive market.

    The purpose of this study is thus to examine which factors could be definitive for small real estate companies' ability to gain access to capital, focusing on bank financing.

    The purpose has been achieved by applying a qualitative method based on six semi structured interviews, which also constitutes the empirical chapter. Five respondents are small real estate firms where of three are established, and two relatively new. A sixth respondent is a local bank in order to include that perspective as well.

    Bank loans are still the most common source of financing in real estate and this market is all about relations and trust. Risk is another relevant factor since there is a lot of capital in the real estate business and this risk can be minimized in a number of ways. To have a track record in the real estate industry strengthens your chances of getting a bank loan significantly and proof of repayment is according to the bank the most important. The market's condition is also an important aspect, it can create better, or worse conditions for obtaining financing depending on activities in the close environment. The findings consist of five main aspects: bank relations, risk, experience, repayment ability and the market, where a small real estate firm’s success ultimately depends on how well they can find a balance between the factors.

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  • 43.
    Borg, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Att lära sig självledarskap: En studie av ledare på digitala bolag2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur ledare på digitala bolag lärt sig och utvecklat självledarskap. Digitala bolag är bolag vars primära motiv är att tillhandahålla digitala tjänster och produkter. Studien ämnar ge en inblick i hur ledare som befinner sig på bolag som är i ständig förändring, leder sig själva i sitt arbetsliv och privatliv. Forskningsfrågan för studien är Hur ledare för digitala bolag leder sig själva, och hur har de utvecklat sina sätt att leda sig själva. Syfte: Studien undersöker fenomenet självledarskap bland ledare inom digitala bolag i syfte att bidra till insikter om hur ledare leder sig själva och hur de har utvecklat den kompetensen. Målet är att bidra till mer kunskap inom fenomenet självledarskap. Samt, genom att förstå hur självledarskapet utvecklas, bidra till mer insikter kring tillvägagångssätten ledare på digitala bolag använder för att utveckla självledarskap. 

    Metod: Studien ämnar att undersöka ett fenomen och därför har en fenomenologisk och kvalitativ studie valts. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med individer som är eller varit ledare. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna gjorde att ledarnas upplevelser, förnimmelser och livsvärlden kunde fångas. Den insamlade empirin analyserades och presenteras tillsammans med ett urval av teorierer. Avslutningsvis ges en slutsats kring forskningsfrågan. 

    Resultat: Ledare inom digitala bolag har självledarskapskompetens i olika hög grad. Bland intervjupersonerna hade hälften utvecklat självledarskap och samtliga av dem hade lärt sig kompetens själva på olika sätt. De hade också applicerat olika strategier och metoder för att lära sig, anpassat de metoderna och strategierna över tid, samt anpassat de till sig själva. De ledare som hade självledarskapsfärdigheter hade skapat strategier för att reglera sina egna beteende och reglera sina känslor. De hade en hög medvetenhet om sina egna behov samt för hur de tar hand om sig själva. Studien har bidragit till att skapa mer insikt kring hur ledare lär sig och utvecklar självledarskap. 

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    Anna Borg: Självledarskap
  • 44.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A relational business model of e-logistics facilities2022In: The European Review of Regional Logistics, Vol. 2022, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fridriksson, Helgi-Valur
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    How come logistics operators’ ROI are so low despite warehouse operations are very cost efficient?: A business model reconsideration of logistics facilities2020In: The 32nd ANNUAL NOFOMA CONFERENCE: “Operational excellence through logistics resilience" / [ed] Gunnar Stefansson, University of Iceland Press, 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Warehouses are of crucial importance to manage increased e-commerce. This study will explore and analyse the warehouse as a relational business model.   

    Design/methodology/approach

    The complex reality of warehouse business development is researched by a qualitative approach analysed in terms of service logic business models. Theoretically, service innovation literature is used to develop understanding of value creation related to e-commerce warehousing.  

    Findings

    Facility location and warehouse management relies of theoretical premises that business is foreseeable. The business model innovation in which real estate actors and logistics actors co-create flexible warehouse solutions is in development. A substantial contribution to logistics and supply chain efficiency and effectiveness is from real estate actors. Logistics actors need logistics facilities to create value for their customers and their competences are related to their network, relations and solution making. Real estate actors’ competences are in developing logistics facilities, which is a way of servitizating service providers. The relationship between real estate actors and logistics providers thereby become of strategic importance for both.  

    Research limitations/implications

    The warehouse as a relational business model opens up for future research by exploring use of and need of new sets of competences.

    Practical implications

    Logistics service providers’ may further develop and broaden their core competences. 

    Original/value

    Business model considerations are of value to e-commerce logistics actors.

  • 46.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hertz, Susanne
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    School of Engineering at Jönköping University.
    Strategic development of third-party logistics providers (TPLs): “Going under the floor” or “raising the roof”?2021In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 97, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary (third-party logistics providers) TPLs are in danger of being stuck in the middle, unable to perform customer adaptation as well as before and unable to achieve sufficient economies of scale. This conceptual paper aims to explore challenges facing the strategic development of TPLs within a context of increased digitalization, e-commerce and servitization. There are two apparent strategic paths. Under circumstances of strong price pressure, there is demand for standardized TPL services offering simplicity, minimalism and functionality based on digitalization, e-commerce and servitization. Alternatively, with market developments responsive to supply chain complexity, digitalization, e-commerce and servitization enable development towards innovation and change. We conclude that these developments do not invalidate existing frameworks for TPL strategies but contribute alternative strategies. We formulate three propositions for each strategic path. To avoid being stuck in the middle, TPLs are encouraged to either develop efficient services through servitized logistics chains and digital solutions or develop advanced solutions to integrate the consumer into the logistics network system through competencies to control increased levels of complexity.

  • 47.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Palm, Peter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Thynell, Amanda
    Catena AB.
    Sustainable logistics properties: Drivers, barriers, and opportunities for co-creating sustainability after certification2022In: Book of Proceedings 2022 Malmö Real Estate Research Conference / [ed] Peter Palm, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The building and construction sector accounted for 36 per cent of global energy consumption and 37 per cent of energy related CO2 emissions according to the Global Status report for Buildings and Construction 2021, and the transport sector accounted for 23 per cent of global energy consumption and 26 per cent of energy related CO2 emissions (United Nations Environment Programme, 2021). Hence the call for sustainability and sustainable development is significant for logistics properties and real estate business enact it in terms of sustainable change that ends in building-specific certifications. Certifications are multi-criteria credit systems, such as BREEAM or LEED certifications that are valuing credits within a prescribed range in multiple sustainability categories.  Logistics properties is a growing and profitable market segment that attract large investments and that pose an important societal challenge, for example, in terms of efficient e-business flows. As more logistics properties are being certified with the global certifications systems such as BREEAM and LEED it is timely to question how the certifications contribute to sustainability, and how real estate firms’ sustainability strategies can make logistics warehouse operations less harmful and actually contribute to diverse sustainability values and leverage sustainability performance.  

    The purpose of this paper is to increase knowledge of sustainable logistics properties, by research questions concerning: what are the drivers, barriers, and opportunities for sustainability after certification?

    Sustainability created by certifications are part of the sustainability transformation. Certifications are important, but sustainable development calls for an integrated achievement with others for a better society that we don’t know about but that is created in coordination with others. Co-creation is key for the sustainability transformation and that process involves investors, cross-functional within the firm, customers and customer work force, municipal actors, academia, governance of sustainability at the firm, external evaluators and certifications, and overlapping standards. Each of these opportunities of cocreating is related to sustainability drivers and barriers.  

    Theoretical implications are posed for literature on real estate business, and logistics and transport business regarding sustainable development, especially sustainable logistics properties. The abductive learning approach offers a temporary conclusion at a specific time in a flow of sustainable development, which is important to further the sustainability research frontier in these literatures.

    Practical implications are related to the journey of sustainable development, including but not ending with the certification methodology. A focus on sustainability is a change through practice in which document production (certification and its network of evaluations) have both an ostensive meaning from principles of certifications and a performative meaning through the relations between the documents and the practices and processes they relate to. Resources such as land, financing, and talent tends to center around firms that distinguish themselves as contributing to sustainability hence sustainable development is a relational task.  

  • 48.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sundström, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Smart Consumer-Oriented Urban Logistics2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Service innovation is the nexus between the growing e-commerce in urban areas and the ongoing Corona pandemic and seasonal peaks like Christmas. The growing market of urban e-commerce logistics needs solution-driven freight and urban logistics, which is an assumption of this study. Consumer-oriented urban logistics services enable consumers in their everyday and enable a well-functioning urban logistics market are a co-operation between consumers and urban service providers. A service-logic perspective may offer service innovation and value co-creation for the urban logistics challenge that includes last mile logistics.

    This conceptual paper aims to develop strategic logistics service provision literature and service innovation literature to facilitate collaborative development between consumers and service providers. Central aspects are consumer's everyday routines and available solutions in terms of urban deliveries and returns, available interaction points between consumers and service providers in daily practices, and knowledge and resources of urban service provider (related to e-commerce logistics) for innovative offerings. 

    The everyday consumption practice and its logistics are key in co-created service innovations. In-depth understanding of consumption practices and production practices is the basis to align resources for a differentiated urban logistics solution. Such a process develops both urban service consumption practices and production practices. Urban service providers like logistics firms, commercial real estaters, and e-retailers have complementary types of competencies to facilitate urban service innovation. 

    The study will generate implications to the urban e-commerce logistics research area and benefit both academia and business. 

  • 49.
    Borgström, Benedikte
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Susanne, Hertz
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Jensen, Leif-Magnus
    University West.
    Road Haulier Competition: Implications for Supply Chain Integration2023In: Supply Chain - Perspectives and Applications / [ed] Ágota Bányai, Rijeka: IntechOpen , 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road freight competition is playing out in deregulated markets. The EU single market is a market with abundant responses in terms of haulier strategic actions. This chapter situates the crucial role of road haulier strategies in the logistics service supply chain and industrial supply chain to achieve sustainability. Competitive and sustainable transport depends on effective transport services, vehicles and transport infrastructure, and conditions that foster the development of transport and logistics services. By examining how four case firms develop competences and make use of available resources we develop insights into road haulier competition and its implications. The chapter contributes to understanding how road hauliers are part of logistics service chains as well as industrial supply chains and how the many links and relationships increase the magnitude and implications of hauliers’ performances.

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  • 50.
    Borna, Anton
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Wennberg, Oscar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Impact of Organizational Leadership and Structure on Sustainable Development in Financial Organizations2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the impact of organizational leadership and structure on sustainabledevelopment in financial organizations. It utilizes a deductive qualitative researchapproach with semi-structured interviews as the data collection method, collaboratingwith six large and prominent financial organizations in Sweden.The findings suggest that leadership and structure significantly impact sustainabledevelopment in financial organizations. The study found that leadership plays a crucialrole in promoting sustainability, while the organizational structure affects theimplementation and success of sustainable practices. The results also indicate that usingsustainable frameworks and integrating sustainability into the organizational culture isessential for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.The study contributes new knowledge to organizational study on sustainable developmentin financial organizations. It also provides valuable insights for organizations,sustainability professionals, policymakers, scholars, and students interested insustainability, organizational structure, and leadership, as it could contribute to thetheoretical understanding of sustainable practices and provide a base for future researchin the field.

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