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  • 1.
    Andersson, Filip
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Carlsson, Erik
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Staden i naturen: En studie kring vegetationens betydelse för det urbana rummet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where animal and plant species are declining as a consequence of increasing urbanisation, the planning practice faces a dilemma. Biological and ecological values tend to be set against aesthetic and economic parameters in planning processes, resulting in a high degree of marginalisation of flora and fauna. This marginalisation has been present throughout much of architectural history as wild nature has been deemed unacceptable and placed under human control. The study aims to study these tensions and examine how urban biodiversity can be worked with and promoted in the planning practice. This is done by highlighting vegetation across urban space in its various forms. 

    The urban environment offers unique conditions for animals and plants to establish and reproduce. To illustrate this, the study has, through a case study, investigated different sites in one of Europe's greenest cities. The Italian capital Rome has unique conditions for vegetation growth due to its geographical location and water-rich landscape. The case study therefore focuses specifically on Rome and how urban biodiversity based on the spontaneous occurrence of vegetation appears in the urban space. The study is therefore built on the empirical material collected during the case study. The two cases studied are the spontaneously emerging park and lake Lago ex-Snia, which today is classified as a local nature conservation area, and the classic complex Villa Massimo with its associated gardens. The cases stand on either side of a spectrum and are studied according to their differences in working with wild nature and spontaneous vegetation. 

    Through qualitative research interviews, three people who are professionally connected to urban biodiversity in different ways have been given space and have been heard. These qualitative interviews, together with a document analysis and a field analysis, have given us an understanding of the effects of spontaneous vegetation on urban space. The study concludes that these effects should be better utilised and prioritised in planning practice. This can be made possible by broadening knowledge and raising awareness of the actual usefulness of spontaneous vegetation. 

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  • 2.
    Arborelius, Maja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vad krävs för att bevara Sveriges bästa jordbruksmark för framtidens generationer?: En fallstudie av ianspråktagande av jordbruksmark för bebyggelse i Malmö.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med dagens klimatförändringar där extrem torka och extrema översvämningar kommer allt oftare, behöver vi anpassa oss till nya förutsättningar. Matproduktion är något som påverkas men som kanske kommer lite i skymundan i Sverige, då vi är vana att allt alltid finns i affären. Till Sverige importeras stora mängder livsmedel, mycket av detta är sådant vi egentligen har resurser att odla själva. När förutsättningarna förändras i de länder vi idag importerar mat från, kan vi inte längre förlita oss på att det landet längre kommer kunna producera så mycket mat så att det räcker för export. När dessutom befolkningen i världen ökar lavinartat krävs mer mat. Förutom mat krävs också bostäder. Detta är två livsviktiga förnödenheter för människor i Sverige och just därför kanske den egna produktionen av livsmedel behöver öka. Framförallt i Skåne finns många hektar jordbruksmark, dessutom av högsta klass. Men ska det byggas bostäder eller produceras mat som är hållbart på lång sikt? I studien har personer från Malmö kommun, Länsstyrelsen Skåne och byggföretagen Skanska och Peab intervjuats för att undersöka hur skyddet ser ut för den Skånska jordbruksmarken men framför allt hur de värderar den och arbetar i praktiken för att bevara den. De slutsatser som har framkommit av studien är följande: Det finns en variation av intresse och värderingar om jordbruksmarken bör bebyggas eller bevaras för framtida brukande. Det finns en viss lagstiftning men delar av den kan däremot tolkas utifrån aktörens egna intresse vilket kan bli problematiskt. Detta gör dessutom att skyddet inte är så pass starkt som det behöver vara om det ska kunna bevaras för framtida generationer. För att uppnå detta behövs en starkare samordning mellan aktörer men också någon typ av plan eller strategi som tagits fram gemensamt av Länsstyrelsen och kommunen. 

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  • 3. Archila Bustos, Maria Francisca
    et al.
    Hall, Ola
    Andersson, Magnus
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nighttime lights and population changes in Europe 1992–20122015In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 44, p. 653-665Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nighttime satellite photographs of Earth reveal the location of lighting and provide a unique view of the extent of human settlement. Nighttime lights have been shown to correlate with economic development and population but little research has been done on the link between nighttime lights and population change over time. We explore whether population decline is coupled with decline in lighted area and how the age structure of the population and GDP are reflected in nighttime lights. We examine Europe between the period of 1992 and 2012 using a Geographic Information System and regression analysis. The results suggest that population decline is not coupled with decline in lighted area. Instead, human settlement extent is more closely related to the age structure of the population and to GDP. We conclude that declining populations will not necessarily lead to reductions in the extent of land development.

  • 4.
    Askvall, Ture
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Re-adapting the Laundry: Inquiring about culture-graded buildings By Participatory Action Research2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Stockholm City municipality’s publication The City Museums Cultural and Historical Classifications[Stadsmuseets kulturhistoriska klassificering], culture-graded buildings in Stockholm are classified by The Stockholm CityMuseum, according to a model of evaluation created by the National Heritage Board, seeking to define what cultural heritage brings to the table (Stockholm City, 2022). As it says in the Swedish National Board of Housing´s Building and planning publication Corruption Prohibition, to ensure the preservation of the positive impacts culturally significant buildings provide for their surroundings, the municipalities enforce laws that affect the development process of the built environment (Boverket, 2021).

    In Stockholm, many apartment buildings were built during the functionalistic era, more commonly known as the Funkis movement. Revolving around the needs of the people, the functionalistic manifest Accept as read in Modern Swedish Design translated by Kenneth Frampton, proposed a societal necessity of instilling value in functions dependent on the needs of everyday life (Åhrén et al., 2008).

    This bachelor’s thesis revolves around a case in which a housing cooperative of a culture-graded Funkis building in Stockholm is looking to re-adapt an inner courtyard. Resulting in an inquiry on how a particular housing cooperative can initialise the re-adoption of their common shared space and also providing a methodological approach applicable to any projects looking to re-adapt culturally graded buildings in participation with its users.

    The methodological approach uses Participatory Action Research (PAR) as Marwa Dabaieh, says in her journal article Participatory Action Research as a Tool in Solving Desert Vernacular Architecture Problems in the Western Desert of Egypt, as a methodological means to an end solving common issues, in participation with the people experiencing the situation (Dabaieh, 2013).

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  • 5.
    Behramaj, Ermira
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö universitet.
    Vegetation, arkitektur och människan i den urbana miljön.: Påverkar de varandra?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cities are growing and more and more structures made up of different materials are being built, and with this follows the reduction of already existing green spaces. Trees are cut down and different plants are pulled out along with their roots and replaced by metal, concrete, clay etc. The spaces that used to be green and full of life are becoming increasingly grey and lifeless. Humans are building larger and larger cities, with high and massive buildings that are replacing the vegetation that was once present on the ground beneath them. The question that then arises is: How can we continue building and expanding our cities, without damaging and reducing the green spaces that already exist? An alternative can be the integration of greenery and vegetation on the building’s façade and on its rooftops, and at the same time create surfaces on different levels that can replace the ground beneath the building. 

    At the same time it is important to think about the impact that greenery has on us humans and on architecture. In Sweden, like in many other countries around the world, a large quantity of people choose to walk or stay where there is vegetation/greenery or like to take care of their garden and enjoy the beauty of it. Among beautiful and fragrant flowers and plants. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to both reflect on how one can integrate greenery in architecture, but also examine the impact that this form of integration can have on the human psyche and physical well-being.

    The results of the conducted study shows a positive impact of the integration of greenery on architecture, quantity, however, plays a large part for the respondents of the enquiry. Also the claims made by the experts within the field of architecture shows that this does in fact align with the work that they either have conducted in the past or the work that they are striving for. In addition, the results can through these be strengthened with the help of the theoretic background that supports the study conducted, where several researchers further the discussion in their research and highlight the importance of conducting more studies of this sort to ensure the importance of the subject at hand. The integration of greenery on facades and rooftops is becoming increasingly more relevant, even in Sweden. With this thesis, the study supervisor and author hope that the question is brought to light more and that more research is conducted within the Nordic, or more specifically the Swedish sector. 

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  • 6. Bohlin, Folke
    et al.
    Mårtensson, Kjell
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Askåterföring till skog, vardande blir verklighet?2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Executive summary Ash recycling is a means to safe guard nutrient availability while harvesting forest fuels. Research on the consequences of ash recycling started in the end of the 1970’s, definite results were presented in 1996. The National Board of Forestry presented guidelines on ash recycling in 1999 and 2001. Yet, there has been no large scale application of the technology despite improved economic incentives. A waste tax which also applies to ash was introduced in 2000, it has been successively increased and today amounts to 370 SwCr/ton. This is a systems study of ash recycling where the whole chain from district heating utility to individual forest owner is investigated. Case studies of three district heating utilities, Växjö Energi AB, Borås Energi AB and Falu Energi AB, indicate that the utilities have, generally, been satisfied with their activities on ash recycling and see the investment constantly improving while the tax is increasing. A nation-wide questionnaire shows that the greatest impediments to ash recycling have been that managements miss clear-cut rules, have not been able to buy the service and generally considered that they lack knowledge. About a third of the utilities actively tried to identify other means of disposing of their ash. Main driving forces for ash recycling have been environmental concerns and to create immaterial values. Under these circumstances ash recycling may equal the deposition costs. Previous research has indicated that non-industrial private forest owners consider that nutrient loss may render the harvest of forest fuels problematic. Our study on forest owners show a great need for knowledge, the forest owner frequently indicates that he/she does not know sufficiently to be able to evaluate ash recycling. Forest owners who reject ash recycling motivate this by saying that the forest residues should be left to decompose in the forest, that modern forestry depletes the soils, that payment for the forest fuels is insufficient, and that the spreading of the ash may result in damage on remaining trees and soil. Forest owners who accept recycling appreciate that the ash increases the pH, refer to a recycling perspective, consider that mechanical damage is very limited, and state that they have faith in the extension agent who proposed the activity. Legislation presently permits a simple administration of ash recycling under the auspices of local forestry boards. This lucidity in the legislation and the outspoken desire for this utilisation of wood ash at government level is a singular feat which does not apply to other uses. Two major impediments remain to a large scale recycling of ash to the forest. A general lack of knowledge on all levels and the alternative – usually much lower – cost for other utilisations such as road building, covering of old deposits and others. To be able to make any definite prognoses about the future for ash recycling to the forest a continued investigation of the pricing, sustainability and legal status of these other ways of utilising the ash must be carried out.

  • 7.
    Broadway, John
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Broadway, Michael
    Department of Earth Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, MI, United States.
    Fictive Places?: Oregon’s Willamette Valley Wine Appellations2022In: Food Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, ISSN 2160-1933, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 69-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Place is central to the marketing of wine. In the twentieth century, the French developed the appellation system to classify wine on the basis of its ‘terroir’—the combination of soils, climate, and topography that produce a unique wine taste, or its ‘typicity.’ The United States, recognizing the value added by such a system, established American Viticultural Areas (AVAs) in 1978. These are wine producing areas delimited on the basis of their environmental characteristics. It is argued that the AVA system is an example of fictive place making: an economic strategy that involves the recreation of places on the basis of their physical and cultural characteristics that is then used to generate economic value. This paper tests that hypothesis in the context of the Willamette Valley, analyzing the content of 162 winery websites to search for place-specific typicity and terroir narratives that would justify the creation of AVAs and the price premiums they generate. The study found that individual winery websites did not present a unified understanding of their AVA’s terroir. Defining characteristics, present in formational petitions, such as soil type and the influence of a cooling Pacific breeze, were shared between multiple AVA member websites, precluding their ability to denote geographical uniqueness. Finally, the language used to describe wine did not generate a coherent wine style within any AVA, yet a price premium exists for wine produced from grapes grown within a small AVA, making them fictive places.

  • 8. Broström, Anna
    et al.
    Eliasson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Hillbur, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Mellan åkern och havet: Malmös rekreationsöar och postproduktiva frirum2008In: Inne & ute i Malmö. Studier av urbana förändringsprocesser / [ed] Ebba Lisberg Jensen, Pernilla Ouis, Malmö högskola, Institutionen för urbana studier , 2008, p. 121-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9. Dalsjö, Robert
    et al.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Berglund, Christofer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS). Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Russia and the Caucasus Regional Research (RUCARR).
    Don’t Believe the Russian Hype2019In: Foreign Policy, no 190307Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Moscow’s missile capabilities in the Baltic Sea region are not nearly as dangerous as they seem.

  • 10.
    Digaitis, Ramūnas
    et al.
    Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces. Lund University.
    Thybring, Emil E.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Thygesen, Lisbeth G.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Lund University.
    Targeted acetylation of wood: a tool for tuning wood-water interactions2021In: Cellulose, ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 8009-8025Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wood is an increasingly important material in the sustainable transition of societies worldwide. The performance of wood in structures is intimately tied to the presence of moisture in the material, which directly affects important characteristics such as dimensions and mechanical properties, and indirectly its susceptibility to fungal decomposition. By chemical modification, the durability of wood in outdoor environments can be improved by reducing the amount of moisture present. In this study, we refined a well-known chemical modification with acetic anhydride and showed how the spatial distribution of the modification of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) could be controlled with the aim of altering the wood-water interactions differently in different parts of the wood structure. By controlling the reaction conditions of the acetylation it was possible to acetylate only the cell wall-lumen interface, or uniformly modify the whole cell wall to different degrees. The spatial distribution of the acetylation was visualised by confocal Raman microspectroscopy. The results showed that by this targeted acetylation procedure it was possible to independently alter the wood-water interactions in and outside of cell walls. The cell wall-lumen interface modification altered the interaction between the wood and the water in cell lumina without affecting the interaction with water in cell walls while the uniform modification affected both. This opens up a novel path for studying wood-water interactions in very moist environments and how moisture distribution within the wood affects its susceptibility towards fungal decomposition.

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  • 11. Drobyshev, Igor
    et al.
    Linderson, Hans
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Temporal mortality pattern of pedunculate oaks in southern Sweden2007In: Dendrochronologia, no 24, p. 97-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decline of the oak forests decline in southern Sweden has been reported for more than two decades. Little empirical data exists, however, to study the temporal pattern of the phenomenon in detail. In this study we quantified the temporal pattern of non-windfall oak mortality by analyzing the dataset of 44 dendrochronologically dated dead pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) trees. We compared tree-ring chronologies from recently dead and living trees from the same sites (number of sites = 13) located in the nemoral and boreo-nemoral zones in southern Sweden. For each dead tree, tree-ring chronologies were analyzed for the presence of pre-death growth depressions. A growth depression was defined as a period ( of one or more years) when growth remained below the 5%, 7%, or 10% quantiles of the ring-width distribution obtained from living trees for a particular year and site. The most recent peak in oak mortality occured around the year 2000. Growth depressions were recorded in 80% (n=35) of all dead oaks and were most prominent during the 1990s. While some oaks showed an obvious reduction in growth over several decades, 51% of the dead trees had growth depression for at least 4 years prior to death. Although diameter growth rate differed between living and recently dead trees for at least 30 years, this difference started to amplify in late 1980s-early 1990s. Presence of pre-death growth depression in tree-ring chronologies implies that (a) non-windfall mortality of oaks is a decade-long process and (b) the actual death event might be lagged behind the timing of the mortality-inducing factors. ANOVA revealed significant differences in tree responses to the drought year 1992. The cumulative growth increment ration between 1992-1994 and 1989-1991, was higher in living trees than in those that had recently died. We suggest that the spring and summer drought of 1992 resulted in the mortality of oaks that was observed in southern Sweden at the end of the 20th centurey. If this time lag exists, it may complicate analyses of decline-related factors and the choise of appropriate actions by forest managers. We conclude that studies of oak decline may benefit from widening the perspective to include several decades preceding the sampling year.

  • 12. Drobyshev, Igor
    et al.
    Niklasson, Mats
    Eggertsson, Olafur
    Linderson, Hans
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Influence of annual weather on growth of pedunculate oak in southern Sweden2008In: Annals of Forest Science, ISSN 1286-4560, E-ISSN 1297-966X, Vol. 65, no 5, p. 512-512Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A network of oak (Quercus robur L.) chronologies containing 49 sites and 635 single trees was analysed to identify weather variables affecting annual tree-ring increment dynamics in southern Sweden during 1860-2000. We analysed (1) the growth response of oak to non-extreme weather, and (2) the temporal and spatial patterns of regional growth anomalies (pointer years) and associated climatic extremes resolved on a monthly scale. Growth was controlled by precipitation in the current (June-July) and the previous growing season (August) in 48% and 22% of all sites, respectively. Temperature during July of the current year and August of the previous year was negatively correlated with growth in 29% and 43% of the sites, respectively. Growth was positively correlated with temperature in October of the previous season in 72% of the sites. The most extensive growth anomaly occured in 1965 and was probably caused by intrusion of cold Artic air masses into the region at the end of March that year. During the climatically non-extreme years, oak growth is driven mostly by the dynamics of summer precipitation. Many of the negative growth anomalies, however, were associated with temperature extremes. Southern Swedish oak pointer years tend not to coincide with the pan-European pointer years.

  • 13. Drobyshev, Igor
    et al.
    Niklasson, Mats
    Linderson, Hans
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Karlsson, Matts
    Nilsson, Sven G.
    Lanner, Jan
    Lifespan and mortality of old oaks - combining empirical and modelling approaches to support their management in Southern Sweden2008In: Annals of Forest Science, ISSN 1286-4560, E-ISSN 1297-966X, Vol. 65, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Eckert, Julia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Liadouze, Willy
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Examining Cross-sector Collaboration as a Facilitator for Urban Agriculture Initiatives in order to Contribute to Sustainable Urban Development in Malmö2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cities all around the world are recognizing the importance of sustainability when it comes to urban development. Not only the dramatic decline of fossil fuels, but also the recent epidemic of COVID-19 have triggered some rethinking about the fragile food systems everywhere. It sparked the growing interest of urban food production, greater self-sufficiency and independence. Urban agriculture (UA) is a promising answer to this overwhelming assignment and seems to hold big potential to tackle urban problems of social, environmental and economic origin, too. However, people need to collaborate across sectors in order to give UA the chance to flourish and develop in the city. This paper provides a theoretical contribution by bridging the research gap between the concepts of cross-sector collaboration, UA and sustainable urban development and aims to identify challenges, success factors and opportunities for the enhancement of UA. The city of Malmö was taken as a case, as the municipality claims to have a strong interest in UA and one sees a growing number of related initiatives popping up. The conduction of ten semi-structured interviews of experts and most relevant actors within Malmö´s scene of UA is the main source of data collection. Main findings conclude that for a proper flourishment of UA and sustainable urban development, more effective collaboration with the municipality is needed. Challenges include the lack of political backup, change of priorities and structural aspects. Factors that have shown to be important for reaching an effective collaboration include i.a. a common legal and operational framework, a clear plan of budget, communication, responsibilities and trust. This research provides useful information for any practitioner who works or is interested in field of UA in Malmö. The findings can serve representatives of the public, private and third sectors in their attempts to explore opportunities to enhance sustainable urban development and to gain understanding of cross-sector collaboration and its success factors.

  • 15.
    Eghall, Christina
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
    Hästens betydelse för motivationen till lärande2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i hur elever på Hippologigymnasiet ser på hästen som moti-verande faktor i deras lärande. Syftet med denna undersökning är att beskriva och försöka skapa bättre förståelse för på vilket sätt hästen direkt eller indirekt betyder för motivationen till lärande. Med utgångspunkt i Antonovskys (2007) teori om KASAM, känsla av sammanhang, kopplat till stallets sociala arena, samspelet med hästen och målinriktning studeras faktorer som har betydelse för elevernas motivation till lärande. Metod: Studien baseras på kvantitativ och kvalitativ data från 49 enkäter (svarsfrekvens 74 %) samt på en gruppintervju med fyra elever. Resultat: Studien visar att egenskaper som disciplin, ansvar, handlingsförmåga och ledarskap utvecklas i stallmiljön. Regler och normer i stallet utgör en fostrande social arena som präglar de som vistas där sedan tidig ålder, av betydelse för den egna motivationen till lärande. Motivation-en till lärande stärks då eleverna känner ett sammanhang när egna erfarenheter tillsammans med nya kunskaper gör att de klarar av utmaningar man ofta ställs inför i stallmiljön i samspelet med hästen. Detta skapar meningsfullhet som ökar graden av elevers känsla av sammanhang, KASAM, och därmed en viktig faktor för motivationen till lärande. Studien visar även på samband mellan målsättning och motivation med hästen som utgångspunkt, eleverna är mycket målinriktade och redan i samband med val av skola vet majoriteten (92 %) inom vilket område de studera efter avslutat gymnasium. Dessutom visar resultatet att de som har egen häst planerar sin studietid i högre grad än de som inte har egen häst. Slutsats; Hästen är en betydelsefull faktor för motivationen till lärande direkt eller indirekt.

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  • 16.
    Eliasson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Skogsdikning och skogsväxt under 1900-talet2008In: Svensk mosskultur. Odling, torvanvändning och landskapets förändring 1750-2000 / [ed] Leif Runefelt, Kungliga skogs- och lantbruksakademien , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Eliasson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    Statsskogarna: Skogsvård, mekanisering och institutionell förändring2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: Studier av de areella näringarnas geografi och historia / [ed] Hans Antonson, Ulf Jansson, Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2011, p. 371-385Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A history of Swedish state Forestry 1900-2000.

  • 18.
    Eliasson, Per
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Individual and Society (IS).
    The State-owned forests: Silviculture, mechanisation and institutional change2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: Geographical and historical studies / [ed] Hans Antonson, Ulf Jansson, The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry , 2011, p. 371-385Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19. Ezebilo, Eugene E.
    et al.
    Animasaun, Emmanuel D.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Public-private sector partnership in household waste management as perceived by residents in south-west Nigeria2012In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 781-788Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In most developing countries public-private sector partnership is becoming increasingly applied in household waste management service delivery especially in urban areas to reduce cost and improve effectiveness. This paper reports a study of householders' perceptions of public-private sector partnership in provision of household waste management services in Ilorin, south-west Nigeria. A multistage random sampling technique was used to select 224 households for the study. The data generated from the survey were analysed using a binary logit model. The results show that most of the respondents were of the opinion that the public-private partnership has not been able to improve household waste management services. Time taken to visit solid waste collection point, income and marital status negatively influenced their perceptions, while activities of sanitary inspectors, occupation and gender had positive influence. The public-private partnership will be more effective and sustainable if the public sector could pay more attention to performance monitoring and accountability.

  • 20.
    García Sánchez, Miguel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Warnshuis, Maarten
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Transitioning towards Sustainable Agriculture in the European Union through Change Management and Transformational Leadership2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examined how Change Management and Transformational Leadership can be effective tools in transitioning towards sustainable agriculture in Europe. This paper starts with providing empirical evidence for climate change and shows that Northern and Southern Europe are impacted differently by climate change. Then this paper examined how climate change affects farmers in the different parts of Europe and what Societal, Environmental, Leadership and Organisational changes have to be made to transition towards sustainable agriculture in Europe. The qualitative analysis shows that, according to farmer associations, there is a need for a variety of options, a lack of communication and insufficient involvement of farmers on a policy making level. This paper ends with explaining how Change Management and Transformational Leadership can be used as tools to improve communication between stakeholders and improve the involvement of farmers in the co-creation process. Therefore, this paper concludes that Change Management and Transformational leadership will help the European Union in realising sustainable agriculture in Europe.

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  • 21. Gunnarsson, Anita
    et al.
    Lindén, Börje
    Gertsson, Ulla
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Biodigestion of Plant material Can Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency in a Red Beet Crop Sequence2011In: Hortscience, ISSN 0018-5345, E-ISSN 2327-9834, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 765-775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nitrogen (N) tied up in or lost from decomposing biomass decreases the residual N effects of green manure and of other crop residues. During anaerobic degradation in a biogas digestor (biodigestion), N mineralization takes place under conditions in which losses can be kept to a minimum. Therefore, biodigestion of green manure biomass and beet foliage was tested to generate readily available N and compared with a direct green manure fertilization system. The effluent was applied as fertilizer in field experiments on a sandy soil as a tool for improving N supply for an organic farming system. Data from the field experiments were used for simulating the amount of net inorganic N equivalents (inorganic N equivalents from effluent plus inorganic N equivalents from pre-crops) in three crop sequences: A) green manure ley, red beets, winter rye; B) harvested ley, red beets, winter rye; and C) harvested ley, spring barley, red beets in which (B) and (C) represented biogas nutrient management systems and (A) a green manure system. When all available effluent from biogas production from 1 ha of grass–clover ley with two or three harvests (2H-ley or 3H-ley) and one hectare of beet foliage was used as a fertilizer for red beets (Beta vulgaris var. conditiva Alef) after barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), the yield of marketable red beets increased by 5.7 Mg·ha–1 (33%) with effluent from 2H-ley and beet foliage and 9.1 Mg·ha–1 (53%) with effluent from 3H-ley and beet foliage compared with red beets grown without effluent fertilization after a green manure ley. When total dry matter production was taken into account, the advantage for the BG systems with 2H- and 3H-ley was 15% and 28%, respectively. The nitrate concentration in the red beets was not higher with effluent supplied at this level than with green manure as the only N source. The simulated amount of net inorganic N equivalents was 128 kg N for the whole of crop sequence (C) with 1 ha of each crop and where effluent supply to red beets was based on digested biomass in ley and beet tops. The corresponding amount of net inorganic N equivalents for the green manure crop sequence (A), in which no effluent was supplied, was 73 kg N. Unused soil mineral N (0- to 90-cm depth) at red beet harvest indicated that the risk of leaching in BG systems was lower than in GrM systems (88, 76, and 61 kg Nmin/ha left after unmanured beets after Gr-M-ley, low manured beets after 3H-ley and high manured beets after barley, respectively). Effluent fertilization of red beets directly after 2H- and 3H-ley gave unexpectedly low yield responses compared with red beets after barley. The reasons may be the result of nutritional imbalance of other nutrients than N or may be plant pathological in nature. The conclusion is that a nutrient management system with biodigestion can increase net inorganic N equivalents and reduce risk for N leaching, but inappropriate use of the effluent, i.e., at an unsuitable point in the crop rotation, may negate the benefits.

  • 22.
    Hall, Ola
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Wahab, Ibrahim
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Sigrun
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hillbur, Per
    Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Jirström, Magnus
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Öborn, Ingrid
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    A decade of maize yield gap studies in sub-Saharan Africa: how are farm-level factors considered?2024In: International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, ISSN 1473-5903, E-ISSN 1747-762X, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of yield gaps has become more complex, prompting the use of varied approaches to measure yields and a wider range of factors to explain these gaps. In the Global North, the focus is on precision farming, whereas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), a broader perspective is necessary due to pronounced variability in farmland conditions. While biogeophysical and management factors have been traditional focal points in yield gap analyses, socio-economic and institutional factors are increasingly recognized as significant, especially in SSA. This review synthesizes research from the past decade in SSA that integrates biogeophysical, management, farm characteristics, and institutional factors in yield gap discussions. The findings indicate a slow shift in including socio-economic factors, with management, particularly nutrient supply and crop management, remaining predominant. However, there is a growing trend towards methodological diversity, such as the adoption of remote sensing and GIS in recent years. Case studies from Kenya and Ghana, utilizing field surveys, interviews, panel data, and spatial analysis, highlight how a multifaceted approach can enhance our understanding of the various elements influencing maize yield gaps in SSA.

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  • 23.
    Hellström Reimer, Maria
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3).
    Nextland: Contemporary Landscape Architecture in Austria2016In: JoLA - Journal of Landscape Architecture, ISSN 1862-6033, E-ISSN 2164-604X, Vol. 11, no 2016:2, p. 104-106Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The apprehension of any field of practice requires overview, today more than ever. Inundated with information, we are obliged to constantly browse, search, or roam, relentlessly seeking out patterns solid or sustainable enough to stand out as coherent identities, areas, professions, discipline or categories. As design theorist Clive Dilnot has pointed out (Dilnot 2009:377), this is ‘the stated ethos’ of the survey, also within the increasingly diversified design field: to provide an inventory, to register what and how, where and when, to pedagogically make sense of a vast expanse of multifarious practices. As a systematic collecting of facts, the survey situates and captures relations, it enables identification of successive orders or traditions, it allows for recognition of characteristics and clusters, it permits the tracing of processes, both backwards and forward. And perhaps this latter aspect is the most decisive: the fact that as the careful assembling of a data set, the survey does not simply provide a record or blueprint of a situation, but constitutes itself a mapping practice, which ‘allows a trajectory to be formed in the mind and that historical trajectory is (or so we assume) the basis of beginning to know in relation to a field’ (Dilnot 2009: 377).

  • 24.
    Hellström Reimer, Maria
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), School of Arts and Communication (K3). Cornell Univ, Dept Landscape Architecture, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA..
    Keravel, Sonia
    Ecole Natl Super Paysage, Versailles, France..
    Leger-Smith, Anais
    Toulouse Sch Architecture, Toulouse, France.;French Federat Landscape Architecture FFP Occitan, Toulouse, France..
    Lima, Francisca
    Univ Edinburgh, Hist & Theory Landscape Architecture, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Arana, Usue Ruiz
    Newcastle Univ, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Benedetti, Ursula Wieser
    CIVA, Brussels, Belgium..
    Yigit-Turan, Burcu
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, Landscape Architecture Div, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Landscape architecture criticism in the Anthropocene2022In: JoLA - Journal of Landscape Architecture, ISSN 1862-6033, E-ISSN 2164-604X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Hillbur, Per
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Inledning: Närnaturens mångfald2009In: Närnaturens mångfald, Malmö University Publications in Urban Studies (MAPIUS) , 2009, p. 8-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26. Hillbur, Per
    et al.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Låt det här vara mörkt! Samrådsmöten kring ett strövområde2009In: Närnaturens mångfald, Malmö University Publications in Urban Studies (MAPIUS) , 2009, p. 148-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Höst, Mariette
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Prieto, Nicole
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Åt helvete med afrikanerna, låt dem dö!2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The negative attitude towards palm oil has arisen because of the sustainability of industry in social, economic and ecological aspects. Production is in developing countries, mainly in Malaysia and Indonesia. The interest in palm oil has increased in Liberia, which together with Sweden are study countries in this survey. The industry has a major environmental impact, there are poor working conditions with low wages and lack of rights. At the same time, in the developing countries, the palm oil industry has provided an opportunity for increased welfare, as the industry is the primary source of income for the local population. The study results show that an exclusion of palm oil in products is not a solution to the problem. A possible solution to the problem is instead to cooperate and work for sustainable cultivation of palm oil.

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  • 28.
    Jinbäck, Sara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Hållbart jordbruk – Ett urval av svenska växt- och djurbönders tankar kring hållbarhet och framtid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more are being heard about sustainability in society, not least in agriculture. Even before the 1980s, it was talked about, but it got a boost through the Brundtland Report in 1987. Nowadays, consumers are conscious, and society tends to demand sustainably produced products. Sweden's action plan for food has the goal that 30% of all agricultural land will be organic by 2030. The purpose of this study is to use Swedish online surveys to find out about Swedish farmers' views on sustainability, future and investments in their agriculture and then to present proposals on concrete solutions. Sweden´s action plan for food has the goal that 30% of all agricultural land should be organic by 2030. The purpose of this study is to investigate Swedish farmers´ view on sustainability, future and investments in their agriculture by means of survey studies. The study highlights the following themes based on the answers: Cycle thinking and safeguarding biodiversity, renewable energy and energy efficiency, governmental contacts and research, other industries such as direct sales and cooperation for survival, climate's significant role, upgrading including through technical measures, minimize fossil dependence and renewable energy, more research and stricter legislation and new construction. Both a desire for development in their agriculture in the form of new technical solutions for sustainability was lifted, while thinking long-term in terms of caring for the land for future generations was lifted. Sustainability issues were emphasized as something that most of the farmers had in mind.

  • 29.
    Johansson, Love
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    När oljan inte längre finns tillgänglig - en studie om hur sveriges skogsägarföreningar påverkas av förändrad tillgång till energi2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy in the form of oil allowed a mechanization process to take place during the 1950:s. Accelerating climate changes is now demanding that the fossil fuels in the forestry machines must be replaced. The purpose of this paper is that from a cultural perspective; examine how the Swedish forest owners' associations will be affected by the change in access to energy. To answer the question five in depth interviews were conducted. The study shows that the forest owners' associations have a culturally imprinted picture of the environment as malleable and the change is mainly seen as an opportunity to produce bioenergy in order to reverse the declining productivity. Cultural clashes therefore occur with the environmental movements which have a different vision on how forests should be used. The diesel depending forestry machines also constitutes a major weakness that may impede the continued expansion as the forest owners' associations are thermodynamically bound.

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  • 30.
    Karlsson, Philip
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Låsta positioner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of the 1990s, The Swedish Forest Agency introduced woodland key biotopes as a tool to increase awareness of the distribution of high natural values in Swedish forests. Woodland key biotopes have since become a controversial issue in Sweden’s forest politics, which is modelled on the principle that forest owners are free to use their forest however they choose so long as consideration is given to natural values on the occasion of felling. The origin of the controversy is that registrations of woodland key biotopes on forest owners’ grounds have made the timber located there unsellable, due to the rules of the sustainability certificates that prohibit the selling and purchasing of timber from forest stands with high natural values. Forest owners argue that the registrations violate Swedish property rights, whereas conservationist stakeholders claim that woodland key biotopes constitute a necessary body of knowledge for the protection of forest biodiversity and the credibility of the certificates. This thesis investigates the arguments that the two sides submit for their case in the debate, and what these arguments can reveal about the current condition in Swedish forest politics. The results show that the debate is centred around the forest owners’ questioning of the woodland key biotope concept, and the financial losses that they have entailed. Debaters with a positive inclination towards woodland key biotopes are assigned the role of defenders, where the assertion that the tool is beneficial for the forest industry’s future growth is paramount for their argument. The debate shows a deep divisiveness between the parties, which is presumed to be linked to the sustainability shift’s complicating effect on the forest politics’ shared ambitions of equal regard for natural values and a flourishing production of timber.

  • 31.
    Leach, Zelina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    The Impact of Climate Change on the Wine Industry2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change and global warming are two well-known words in today’s environment. This together with visible effects from climate change and global warming makes the environmental awareness increase around the world. As a result of this the pressure on businesses and organizations to implement adaptation strategies, sustainable and environmental policies have increased. This also falls to the wine industry, which are greatly affected by climate change and global warming and is experience it more intensely over the world. The purpose of this study is therefor to explore how climate change over the last years has affected the wine industry and to explore how the wine industry today is adapting to a more sustainable production. By studying how these phenomenon affects the wine industry it might be possible to foresee how other types of productions might be affected by climate change as well. Viticulture is extra sensitive to climate change, it is a strong warning system for other crops-industries that climate change may affect them as well. Due to consequences of climate change a collaboration and knowledge transfer strategy between stakeholders of the wine industry, winegrowers and climate change experts would be an indication to evolve and improve the industry’s capacity to adapt and develop.

  • 32.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Det moderna kalhyggesbruket: från framgångssaga till förhandlingslösning2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: studier av de areella näringarnas geografi och historia / [ed] Hans Antonson, Ulf Jansson, Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2011, p. 402-419Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is an historical overview of the debate and politics regarding the forestry technique "clear-cutting" in Sweden. It was presented by radical young foresters in the last years of the 19th century, but came to its' hayday in the mid-20th century. Clearcutting was the modern way of harvesting timber: Big-scale, efficient, mechanised. In the 1970ies, clear-cutting met its' protesters among environmentalists, and was heavily questioned, even though it still is the dominating harvesting method in the first years of the 21st century. The one argument that actually influenced the method a little was formed upon the basis of the value of biological diversity, which, according to environmentalists, was threatened by the modern forestry regime.

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  • 33.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Det urbana landskapet2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cities are growing all over the world. The UN has reported that since 2008, more than half of the world population live in cities. A majority of the people of the future will experience and remember the urban environment as their home, not to say their home landscape. What will such a change mean to future knowledge about - and love for - nature? The report gives a number of examples on how to manage biodiversity in cities, on how to stimulate and protect biological diversity in cities and how to enhance the ecosystem services that will be increasingly important for our survival in the futures. With several outlooks to international arenas (in English) it takes its departure in the conditions of Stockholm, known as one of the greenest capitals of the world.

  • 34.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Humanekologiska perspektiv på barns naturkontakt2011In: Den nyttiga utevistelsen? Forskningsperspektiv på naturkontaktens betydelse för barns hälsa och miljöengagemang, Naturvårdsverket, 2011, p. 25-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children need to be outdoors - that is a fact. Or is it? This chapter discuss the cultural aspects of childrens outdoor activities from a human ecological perspective, looking at the aesthetic, scientific, pedagogical and environmental aspects of the argument.

  • 35.
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Modern clear-felling: from success story to negotiated solution2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900 – geographical and historical studies / [ed] Hans Antonson, Per Janson, The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry , 2011, p. 423-441Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is an historical overview of the debate and politics regarding the forestry technique "clear-cutting" in Sweden. It was presented by radical young foresters in the last years of the 19th century, but came to its' hayday in the mid-20th century. Clearcutting was the modern way of harvesting timber: Big-scale, efficient, mechanised. In the 1970ies, clear-cutting met its' protesters among environmentalists, and was heavily questioned, even though it still is the dominating harvesting method in the first years of the 21st century. The one argument that actually influenced the method a little was formed upon the basis of the value of biological diversity, which, according to environmentalists, was threatened by the modern forestry regime.

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  • 36. Löf, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlsson, Matts
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Welander, Torkel
    Collet, Cathrine
    Growth and survival in transplanted broadleaved seedlings in relation to light under Norway spruce stands2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Mehmedovic, Ferizada
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Koltai, Renáta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Är ersättning av tänder ett lämpligt behandlingsalternativ för hundar? Överlevnad- och lyckandefrekvens av tandersättningar för hundar i en retrospektiv studie med hjälp av djurpatienters journaler2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the replacement of teeth could be a suitable treatment option for dogs and to investigate success and survival rate of the different types of denture crowns for dogs in a retrospective study with the help of animal patient records. Material and method Ethics testing was conducted and a total of 52 clinics or veterinary clinics and persons were contacted who is offering dental care in their businesses. 9 patient records of the dogs were received and processed from "Evidensia Animal clinic of Karlskoga". Results A total of 17 prosthodontic crowns were identified on canine teeth in both upper and lower jaws, thereof 10 full prosthodontic crowns and 7 partial crowns. After 6 months of follow-up, the majority of the crowns were without remark. Two of the crowns loosened after 72 days and the other after 213 days, which were recemented. Denture implants were not identified in the animal records regarding this study. Conclusion Confirms that replacement of "strategic" teeth with prosthodontic crowns for dogs could be a suitable treatment option due to the high success and survival rates of the crowns. Published scientific information regarding the use of dental implants for dogs is very limited.

  • 38.
    Månsson, Petter
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    Lågkostnadssystem för automatiserad NDVI analys av växter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work evaluates a camera system that can take pictures for the analysis of plants' well-being. The camera system is based on a Raspberry pi model 3 b+, a PInoIR camera module v2 and a blue filter. The camera can monitor plants because it does not have an infrared filter. This enables mathematical calculations to be performed on light registered by the camera's sensors. An experiment has been designed to create metrics that are used in evaluating the camera's functionality. The camera system is preforming well by using the proposed framework and program stack. The analyzed results show that the camera system is able to spot the difference between hydroponic cultures with access to differents amounts of nutrition.

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  • 39. Ngozi, Semeni
    et al.
    Mshenga, P
    Hillbur, Per
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Nature, Environment and Society (NMS).
    Kakuhenzire, R
    Efficiency of participatory research approaches among smallholder farmers2017In: International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research, ISSN 2455-6939, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 2452-2464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participatory research approaches (PRA) are geared towards planning and conducting research process with those people whose life-world and meaningful actions are under study. Thus, the aim of the inquiry and the research questions develop out of the convergence of two perspectives—that of science and of practice. It also implies that in the best case, both sides benefit from the research process. Nonetheless, the effectiveness of PRA is under contestation largely because of limited impact of research studies on communities. The study evaluated efficiency and effectiveness of participatory research approaches (PRA) among smallholder farmers in Babati district, Tanzania. In this study, efficiency was viewed as a ratio of output (in terms of number of recipients who become aware of the promoted technologies and ended up using the integrated technologies), to the costs of implementing the participatory research approaches. On the other hand, effectiveness was defined as an ability of participatory research approach to meet its key objectives in this case was reaching large number of farmers and making farmers to adopt the technology in question. Data on the PRA activities was collected from the organizations implementing agricultural integrated innovations. Six approaches were evaluated: farmer research groups (FRGs), farmer field schools (FFS), mother-baby trials (MBTs), on-farm demonstrations (OFDs), mobile demonstration plots (MDPs) and coupon agro-inputs (CAIs) approaches. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) was employed in which each participatory research approach was treated as a decision making unit (DMU).Two DEA models were estimated using the variable returns to scale (VRS) assumption. The first model considered the number of farmers trained per participatory approach as an output while the second model considered the proportion of adopters as the output. The results revealed that in the first scenario, farmer research groups approach had the highest efficiency (72 percent), followed by mother-baby trials whose efficiency was 71 percent. In addition, on-farm demonstration plots had an efficiency of 67 percent, mobile demonstration plots 63 percent while the efficiency of farmer field schools and coupon agro-inputs was 57 percent and 58 percent, respectively. In the second scenario, the farmer research groups approach led with an efficiency score of 68 percent, followed by on-farm demonstration plots with the efficiency of 60 percent. Coupon agro-inputs and mother-baby trials had the efficiency of 52 percent while the efficiency of farmer field schools mobile demonstration plots was 45 percent and 39 percent, respectively. The results suggest that resources devoted in implementation of the PRAs under the study were underutilized. This implies that there is still room to improve and optimize participatory approaches and enhance their efficient in use for reaching t target farmers and making them adopters of Integrated Agricultural Innovations.

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  • 40.
    Niemi, Embla
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ghoreishi, Armin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den (o)gröna staden: Upplevelsen av kvalitativa grönytor och medborgardialog i Malmö2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has highlighted the problems that can arise when the availability and quality of green spaces next to the residential area have not been adapted to the needs of citizens. If the user's interests and values of what is considered a qualitative green space are overlooked, many health aspects linked to the usage of green spaces can be neglected. For city planners to be able to determine which qualitative aspects interest groups value, citizen dialogues have become a useful tool. Unfortunately, not all citizens feel involved in the planning.

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how citizens in Malmö's sub-areas Herrgården, Kronprinsen, and Bellevue experience the availability and quality of green spaces from a justice perspective. The thesis also intends to investigate whether the experience of participation and influence differs between different socio-economic groups in relation to the planning of green space and if so, why?

    The theoretical framework is based on spatial justice and environmental justice. The methods used are demographic surveys of the sub-areas, a survey of Malmö residents' values ​​of green spaces and interviews with citizens, and an official survey about qualitative green spaces. The results indicate that the experience of access and quality of green areas differs between the different sub-areas. The experience of participation and influence in the planning of green spaces also differs between different socio-economic groups due to expectation, awareness, income, and knowledge.

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  • 41.
    Nilsson, Linus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). malmö universitet.
    Gestaltningsförlag - Ett hydroponiskt odlingssystem i skola.: Vägen till en hållbar konsumtion genom hydroponisk odling som pedagogiskt verktyg.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conducting cultivation on areas that were once well-functioning ecosystems is destroying the planet. Reduced area to cultivate, an increasing population and the consequences of transport and import put high pressure on improving the way food production works. For a few years vertical farming has been a popular solution to this problem. Hydroponic is a soilfree cultivation method that is usually managed indoors in a controlled environment. To stop the devastation of nature and ecosystems, create sustainable agriculture and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, knowledge and an interest in wanting to change old habits are required. By implementing vertical farming in school environments, they could actively work towards a relief of traditional agriculture and introduce new forms of cultivation for future generations. The work seeks to clarify what an implementation of a hydroponic system in a school could have looked like and what use the school could have of the cultivation. This work suggests an idea that vertical farming would be easier to establish in combination with other activities. A combination where the cultivation does not only produce vegetables but also can be used in several ways. In the work schools are proposed to be the activities that vertical farming should be combined with and the aspects of using cultivation as a pedagogical tool is used as an argument for this. In order to overcome the current climate crisis it is necessary that education on this takes place, therefore lessons regarding ecosystems, ecosystem services, agriculture and water management are considered extremely important. These important topics can be applied in all subjects in school and hydroponics would be a good tool to use in teaching about this

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  • 42.
    nima, Ghasri
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Carl, Strid
    Försörjningsstrategier och dess påverkan på SME: En studie på hur försörjningsstrategier för SME kan öka konkurrenskraften2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    In this case study, various strategic methods that influence procurement, purchase and choice of suppliers are discussed. The aim of the study is to provide a clear picture and depiction of different strategies and tools that SMEs can use to increase competitiveness. In this study, a qualitative research method has been used where no measurements or tests have been conducted.

    The analysis in this case study concludes that the choice of suppliers and procurement strategies for a small and medium enterprises (SME) is not always an easy task, a lot of components should be considered when making a strategy. Although many theories and methods often claim that the economic factors are important, this study shows that it may be good idea for companies and organizations to see the full picture and consider certain other factors into account. The conclusion also shows that small food business companies often is affected by certain criteria like delivery security and lead time. Many of the factor that are value adding to SMEs has been shown in this study to be determined by the customer.

    This study is suitable for readers who work with purchase strategies and supplier choices. The reader gets through reading this study insight into different strategy related contexts that are adapted to small and medium enterprises (SME).

    Further research on the subject can be applied with the help of this study using both the methodological and theoretical frameworks. The results and conclusions may also be of importance in further research.

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    Kandidatuppsats SME, Nima & Carl, 2021
  • 43.
    Ouis, Pernilla
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Lisberg Jensen, Ebba
    "I brought a hazelnut from Macedonia": Cultural and biological diversity in a globalizing world2009In: Transcending Boundaries: Environmental histories from the Öresund region, Malmö University , 2009, p. 127-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the cultural parallelism between biological and cultural diversity as manifested in allotment garden areas in Malmö. Applying an historical perspective, we argue that the mobility of species is almost as old as human history. Whenever new species are introduced, as when cultural traits meet, differences may be welcomed and introduced in the already existing context, just as they may be shunned, hated and persecuted. Introducing new species may be an efficient way of colonizing land, as shown by Alfred W. Crosby. In an increasingly globalized world, people seem to bring with them their old plants, and they exchange varieties and species with each other. In a multicultural city like Malmö, this is practised among the many allotment gardeners from all over the world. Sometimes it enhances contact and integration, and sometimes cultural practices and species comes to symbolize difference, contact with the country of origin or even ethnic identity. The article starts with a general overview of the history of migration and migrating species. Then we introduce the reader to the ideas of biological and cultural diversity and the discursive parallels between them. After that, we present some of our empirical data from interviews with allotment gardeners of different ethnic origin all over Malmö. Finally, we critically discuss how cultural and biological diversity as sometimes different but sometimes closely connected sets of associations are used in official discourse on cultural and biological change. Malmö has a long history of multiculturalism. Already in medieval times, Malmö was a dynamic centre of fishing and trade for people from all over the Baltic region. Germans, Poles, Danes and Swedes met and handled economic, religious and political matters on the sandy beach in the growing city. Today, Malmö is one of the most multicultural cities in Sweden, which can easily be observed in parks and allotment gardens, where people of different origins engage in leisure activities or in small-scale cultivation.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 44. Paulraj, T
    et al.
    Wennmalm, S
    Wieland, D C F
    Riazanova, A V
    Dėdinaitė, A
    Günther Pomorski, T
    Cárdenas, Marité
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Biomedical Science (BMV). Malmö University, Biofilms Research Center for Biointerfaces.
    Svagan, A J
    Primary cell wall inspired micro containers as a step towards a synthetic plant cell.2020In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 958Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structural integrity of living plant cells heavily relies on the plant cell wall containing a nanofibrous cellulose skeleton. Hence, if synthetic plant cells consist of such a cell wall, they would allow for manipulation into more complex synthetic plant structures. Herein, we have overcome the fundamental difficulties associated with assembling lipid vesicles with cellulosic nanofibers (CNFs). We prepare plantosomes with an outer shell of CNF and pectin, and beneath this, a thin layer of lipids (oleic acid and phospholipids) that surrounds a water core. By exploiting the phase behavior of the lipids, regulated by pH and Mg2+ ions, we form vesicle-crowded interiors that change the outer dimension of the plantosomes, mimicking the expansion in real plant cells during, e.g., growth. The internal pressure enables growth of lipid tubules through the plantosome cell wall, which paves the way to the development of hierarchical plant structures and advanced synthetic plant cell mimics.

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    fulltext
  • 45.
    Quach, Frank
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Den ekologiska utvecklingen på Västra hamnen i Malmö2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In this essay, it is investigated whether West Harbour, in Malmö, has the greenery to fulfill the goals and visions needed to be able to be said to be an ecological district today. An increasing proportion of people have moved to the city, which means major ecological challenges for the city and the ecology in general. Ecological urban planning can be a tool to curb these problems. In previous research from the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning and an essay from previous students they have looked further at what it is like to plan urban from an ecological concept in different cities. In this essay the theory from Mostafavi och Doherty (2016) which talks about planning ecologically. Diedrich (2013) writes about using tools to analyze the “site”. During the interviews, the five informants shared their knowledge of the ecological development theme at “Västra hamnen” and gave a closer insight into the property in front of the building itself and its surroundings. The four themes were compiled in this essay which concerns the need for parks, ecological development, green areas and green oases and climate change - elevated sea levels.

     

    In need of parks, it emerged that there was a shortage of parks in the Western Harbor. In ecological development, the city of Malmö wants to test a new environment at Dockan's harbor basin, the concept of park islands. Green spaces and green oases are, there are results about open spaces on the property Fören 3 - Turning Torso as it can open discussions to expand green in the physical space offered. Climate change - elevated sea levels that can challenge the future of housing and security.  The assignment is about the accommodation’s future safety and current elevated sea level.  

     

    The interviews and field observations gave a closer insight into what it is to visit, see, hear, feel, smell, and based on the ecological conditions, the Western Harbor is experienced with its own senses. It also gave me abstract thoughts on what it would be like to shape a place and in the physical space. From a blank sheet of paper to filling it with colors, to shape an attractive concept and design for the benefit of the public. Finally, a solution proposal will be presented in the concept of “Parc in the Water” on the West Harbour.

     

    Keywords: ecology, field observation, greenery, park, park islands, site

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    fulltext
  • 46. Rosengren, Mathilda
    Urban Natures of Appropriation2018In: Urban Appropriation Strategies: Exploring Space-making Practices in Contemporary European Cityscapes / [ed] Flavia Alice Mameli, Franziska Polleter, Mathilda Rosengren, Josefine Sarkez-Knudsen, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Projekt A2: Skador på ek2006In: Halvtid för uthålligt skogsbruk i ädellövskog, Institutionen för sydsvensk skogsvetenskap, SLU , 2006, p. 10-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Drobyshev, Igor
    Recent advances on oak decline in southern Sweden2010In: Broadleaved forests in southern Sweden: management for multiple goals / [ed] Magnus Löf, Jörg Brunet, Leif Mattsson, Mats Nylinder, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, p. 197-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades of the 20th century, the condition of oak species throughout Europe generally deteriorated. In southern Sweden, oak decline represents a recent phenomenon with complex temporal and spatial patterns. In this region, crown defoliation of the most common oak species, pedunculate oak Quercus robur, increased by >20% from 1988 to 1999. In 1999, 59% of the oaks were considered damaged, i.e. showing >25% crown defoliation. However, a trend of improving crown conditions was observed in southeastern Sweden during 2000-2008. Available research suggests unfavorable climatic variability as the main cause of negative dynamics in oak crown conditions. Studies have demonstrated the important role of climatic extremes (e.g. cold winters during the dormant season and drought events during vegetation season) in initiating decline phenomena, and a strong correlation between crown condition dynamics and tree-ring increments. Phytophthora quercina (class Oomycetes, kingdom Chromalveolata), a soil-born pathogen of oak, is present in declining oak stands with soil pH (BaCl2) >3.5. The role of Phytophthora spp. in initiating the decline in southern Sweden remains unclear, since most oaks stands in this region have more acidic soil conditions (pH <3.5). Similar to other European studies, our results point to the multi-factorial nature of oak decline and the importance of stand conditions in decline dynamics. This paper reviews recently published studies on the topic and presents a simple conceptual model of oak decline. We discuss future research themes that may advance our understanding of oak decline.

  • 49.
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Drobyshev, Igor
    Anderson, Stefan
    Crown condition dynamics of oak in southern Sweden 1988–19992007In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 134, p. 199-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crown defoliation of oak (Quercus robur and Q. petraea) was analysed in 808 trees during three forest condition surveys (1988, 1993, and 1999) in the southern Sweden. From 1988 to 1999 crown defoliation increased by more than 20%. Changes in crown defoliation were related to the pH in the upper 20–30 cm of the mineral soils, which was closely connected to other measures of soil fertility (cation exchange capacity, CEC and C/N ratio). Trees growing on soils with a high pH (≥4.00, in BaCl2 filtrate), high CEC and low C/N ratio had significantly lower crown defoliation than trees growing on more acid soils (pH <4.00), indicating that less favourable soil conditions may further enhance oak decline. Age did not differentiate trees with respect to crown defoliation, indicating that decline in crown condition was not due to an age-related increase in crown transparency. Considering only trees younger than 100 years, a significant interaction was observed between changes in crown defoliation and soil pH. Trees younger than 100 years old growing on more acidic soils had a greater increase in crown transparency than trees on more basic soils between 1988 and 1999. Trees ≥100 years old had significantly higher defoliation on more acidic than on more basic soils, however defoliation dynamics of these trees over 1988–99 was not related to soil acidity. Two biotic agents (insect and fungal leaf infections) evaluated in this study did not prove to be important drivers of defoliation dynamics.

  • 50.
    Sonesson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Drobyshev, Igor
    Linderson, Hans
    Relationship between crown condition and tree diameter growth in southern Swedish oaks2007In: Environmental Monitoring and Pollution, Vol. 128, p. 61-73Article in journal (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 60
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