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  • 1.
    Ageberg, E.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, S.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, J.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating injury prevention education and training for youth handball players targeting end-users at the individual, team and organizational levels2023In: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, ISSN 1063-4584, E-ISSN 1522-9653, Vol. 31, p. S19-S20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Research has established that physical and psychological injury prevention training is effective in reducing injuries in youth team sports, but public health impact tends to be limited because such training is not widely, properly, or sustainably implemented. Insufficient involvement of end-users at the individual and organizational levels has been identified as a main barrier to implementation. Against this backdrop, the ‘Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)’ project was initiated through dialogue between end-users and researchers with the goal of making injury prevention training an integral part of regular practice in youth handball through a series of studies. We have conducted studies within I-PROTECT and identified numerous barriers and facilitators, and address these determinants when designing the intervention.  

  • 2.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, Sofia
    Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, Jennie
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating holistic injury prevention training for youth handball: Development of an intervention targeting end-users at the individual, team, and organizational levels2024In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2052-1847 , Vol. 16, no 1, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundInterventions that are co-created with end-users, and that are informed by behavior change or implementation theories, support implementation in real world settings. However, injury prevention programs for youth athletes have typically been developed by experts with no, or insufficiently described, end-user involvement and without guidance by theories. The aim of the current study was to describe the development of a holistic injury prevention intervention for youth handball targeting end-users at different levels, through using knowledge from end-users and researchers/experts and applying relevant behavior change and implementation theories.MethodsKnowledge from researchers/experts (sports medicine, sport psychology, handball, physical therapy, strength and conditioning (n = 14)) and end-users (coaches, players, club administrators, n = 16), and applying relevant implementation (Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, CFIR), behavior change (Health Action Process Approach, HAPA) and motivational (Self-Determination Theory, SDT) theories, were used to co-design the intervention. Early end-users (coaches (n = 6), players (n = 3) and a club administrator (n = 1)) were interviewed for initial feedback.ResultsThe intervention consisted of end-user-targeted information and training that was made available in a specifically developed interactive mobile application with modules for players, coaches, club administrators, and caregivers. Information for all end-users included benefits and principles of physical and psychological injury prevention training, load-management, motivation, and communication. Information about implementation was developed for club administrators specifically. For coaches, training to do with their teams included handball-specific injury prevention exercises (legs, shoulders, core) combined with psychological aspects (motivation, task focus, body awareness) to integrate within warm-up and handball skills training. Training for players included handball-specific multi-joint strength, power, and explosive exercises (legs, shoulders, core) and sport psychology exercises (self-awareness, relaxation, being in the present moment, prevent and handle stress). To support self-management, adoption, and motivation, programs were provided, and players and coaches could change, add, progress the difficulty of exercises, and build their own programs. Initial feedback from early end-users was generally positive.ConclusionsUtilizing an approach where researchers/experts and end-users co-created injury prevention training specifically for youth handball, an intervention was generated that included information and holistic training targeting end-users at the individual (players, caregivers), team (coaches), and organizational (club administrators) levels.

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  • 3.
    Aho, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Renmarker, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Jakobsson, Jenny
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Experiences of Playing Volt Hockey With Focus on Well-Being According to Positive Emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, Achievement: An Interview Study2022In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 160-178, article id apaq.2021-0035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volt hockey is a team sport developed for persons with physical disabilities, but its influence on well-being is unknown. Elements of well-being have been described as positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement constituting a theoretical framework referred to as PERMA. The purpose of this study was to describe how well-being according to PERMA is reflected in the experiences of playing volt hockey. Data were collected through focus group and individual interviews including 21 players. A deductive analysis was conducted using the elements in PERMA as preexisting main categories with an additional main category, named resources needed. Findings showed that all five elements constituting well-being according to PERMA were reflected in the experiences of playing volt hockey. In addition, players emphasized the importance of having the resources needed to play volt hockey. In conclusion, having the opportunity to enjoy playing volt hockey enabled the players to flourish and experience feelings of subjective well-being.

  • 4.
    AL Zagnonn, Ahmed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Almindlawy, Ali
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Inkluderas elever med funktionsvariation i skolämnet idrott och hälsa?2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Ali Almindlawy Ahmed Al Zagnonn
  • 5.
    Alexandra, Gustafsson
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Emma, Franzén
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Sveriges mest kommersiella liga och det traditionella supporterskapet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how the supporters' clubs of the SHL associations view the management of the supporters in order to further connect it to the commercial direction of the SHL-associations. To answer the purpose, two questions have arisen in the form of 1) How do the supporter clubs in the SHL feel that their respective ice hockey associations treat them? and 2) What similarities and differences are there between different SHL associations' handling of the supporters? Information collection took place through semi-structured interviews with respondents active in supporter clubs. The analysis method thematic analysis was used where three main themes in the form of 1) communication, 2) general supportership and 3) the relationship between the supporters' clubs and the association emerged. In the conducted analysis, the theoretical frameworks of McDonaldization and hegemony were followed with connections to the previous research and information gathering. Results that emerged during the study were that in order for the soft values of the supporters to be achieved, they need to feel heard and respected, which shows the importance of a functioning communication between the supporters' club and the SHL-associations. Furthermore, the result emerged that the supporter clubs that have a good communication and relationship with the SHL-associations have an increased understanding of the commercial decisions.

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  • 6.
    Alm, Jens
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Storm, Rasmus K.
    From Standard to Directive: A Case Study on the Peculiar Policy Processes of Danish Stadium Funding2017In: Journal of Global Sports Management, ISSN 2470-4067, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 293-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003, the Danish Football Association introduced a new club licensing system for its first-tier clubs. Among the criteria for the system was a requirement for clubs to play at a stadium with a minimum capacity of 10,000 spectators. This paper aims to understand how the Danish Football Association and the Danish league clubs have succeeded in their efforts to make their licensing criteria a public concern by standardizing them at a municipal level. It presents a case study examining how the policy process surrounding the decision of building a new stadium in the Danish village Hobro changed – in a peculiar way – what in institutional theory is understood as a (voluntary) standard into a directive for Mariagerfjord Municipality. The case is illustrative of policy processes regarding stadium funding in other parts of Denmark and most likely in other Scandinavian countries.

  • 7.
    Almeida Sundell, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Intranationella migrationserfarenheter bland simmare på riksidrottsgymnasium under Covid-192023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Athletes between the ages of 16-18 are increasingly migrating to other locations within Sweden with the ambition to continue their athletic careers in parallel with their secondary education, such as through a national sports high school [RIG]. However, migration among such young athletes represents an uncertain investment and is accompanied, from a migration perspective, by several challenges of adjustment, as well as psychological, psychosocial, and academic challenges. The RIG system is intended to ease this transition by offering a good education alongside athletic development. During Covid-19, the migration adjustment that RIG students are expected to make was made more difficult by several restrictions. While some studies have been conducted on the impact of the pandemic on both students and athletes, none have been conducted on individuals who are also pursuing dual careers and migrated during the pandemic, such as RIG students. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine RIG students' experiences and perceptions of the move and adjustment to a new environment during Covid-19, with the goal of understanding how the pandemic affected migration and how individuals were able to overcome the obstacles and challenges they faced. This was made possible by conducting a case study on RIG swimmers from Helsingborg and Jönköping. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted with RIG swimmers, which were later analyzed through a thematic analysis. Bourdieu's theoretical framework and concepts of capital, habitus, field, and illusio guided the thematic analysis and subsequent discussion. The results show that RIG swimmers experienced different difficulties in adapting based on the resources and previous conditions they possessed. Different types of capital ownership also meant different types of adaptations, which in the longer term affected motivation positively or negatively. All students, regardless of their capital ownership, experienced challenges in distance learning, discipline and routines, as well as a lack of community. The study therefore concludes that RIG students' adaptation depends on how much capital they possess within the new field and how strong a sense of illusio they have. In the longer term, the study highlights the importance of finding sustainable ways to support career opportunities for young athletes, even during a societal crisis such as Covid-19.

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  • 8.
    Anderberg, Julius
    et al.
    Malmö Universitet.
    Attila Rundqvist, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Effekten av fysisk aktivitet på biomarkörer för klinisk depression, en strukturerad, kvantitativ litteraturanalys med implikationer för framtida behandling.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to do a structured analysis of the literature on biomarkers for major depressive disorder (MDD) and how these biomarkers may be modulated by physical activity (PA). This with implications for future treatment of mild to moderate MDD with PA. The method was quantitative and followed guidelines for conducting a simplified meta-analysis. The study analyzed 37 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that covered a total of 911 individuals doing PA. Articles on biomarkers that are previously well established in their relationship with MDD were collected in a structured way, following strict criteria. Results were achieved using statistical methods for calculating the average effect size (ES) and average mean difference (Δ%) for the biomarkers as a result of PA. BDNF showed an effect size of 0.81 ± 1.09 and an average mean difference of +61.7 ± 112.20 %. CRP showed an effect size of 0.35 ± 0.28 and an average mean difference of -18 ± 13.69 %. Cortisol showed an effect size of 0.09 ± 0.75 and an average mean difference of -2.9 ± 17.30 %. Serotonin showed an effect size of 0.39 ± 0.54 and an average mean difference of -11.53 ± 21.10 %. Testosterone showed an effect size of 0.59 ± 1.46 and an average mean difference of +6.50 ± 20.04 %. The conclusion was that PA had a large effect on BDNF and can be used as a diagnostic- and follow-up tool for patients with MDD treated with PA. PA has a small but consistent effect on CRP which therefore can be used in conjunction with other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. PA showed no effect on cortisol and can therefore be considered to be irrelevant as a diagnostic- and follow-up tool for patients with MDD treated with PA. PA had a small but relatively consistent effect on serotonin which therefore can be used in conjunction with other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. PA had a moderate and relatively inconsistent effect on testosterone which therefore can be used in conjunction with several other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. On the basis of these conclusions PA can be a valuable tool for improving some biomarkers for MDD (BDNF, CRP, serotonin & testosterone). Hopefully this study can provide a basis for further research as well as an addition to first line treatment for mild to moderate MDD with PA. 

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  • 9.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Garrison, Jim
    School of Education, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
    Embodying Meaning: Qualities, Feelings, Selective Attention, and Habits2016In: Quest (National Association for Physical Education in Higher Education), ISSN 0033-6297, E-ISSN 1543-2750, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 207-222Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Högskolevägen, Sweden.
    The ‘body pedagogics’ of an elite footballer’s career path: analysing Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s biography2017In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 502-517Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Norberg, Johan R.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Challenges and Change Readiness in Grassroot Sport: Literature Review2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 12.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Norberg, Johan R.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Challenges and Change Readiness in Grassroot Sport: Popular summary2023Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Sports can strengthen social inclusion and tackle various economic, social, and environmental challenges, bind individuals and communities together and promote objectives such as health, education, climate action, sustainability, and social development. Nonetheless, organised sport at the grassroot level in Europe is facing severe challenges: declining membership rates, reduced levels of physical activity among adolescents and difficulties in recruiting volunteers. Sport organisations, in particular in the non-profit sector and with limited resources, are struggling to find time and resources to create new sustainable, inclusive and innovative ways to work. 

    The Erasmus + project CHANGE – Cooperation for Change Management and Innovation in Sports (CHANGE) has been created to equip sport’s governing bodies, sport organisations, and sport leaders with new, innovative, and sustainable tools to support sport at the grassroot level. Coordinated by ENGSO, it consists of eleven partners from nine countries: 1) research (Malmö University & EASM), 2) sport organisations (UFEC-Catalonia; Basics Sport Club, Belgium; World Snowboard Federation, Austria; Latvian Sports Federation Council; DIF, Denmark; and Opes, Italy) and 3) experts in the field of sport and digitalization, inclusion/engagement and sustainability (SandSI, N3XT Sports and ENGSO).  

    Within CHANGE, the Department for Sport Sciences at Malmö University is responsible for background research regarding change management and innovation in contemporary grassroot sports in Europe. In this report, we summarise research activities carried out in 2023 and insights from 3 workshops with stakeholders from sport organisations and academia. 

    The overarching research questions in this report are: 1) What challenges are the grassroot sport movement/organisations facing today? 2) Are the grassroot sport organisations equipped to handle the challenges? Do they have change readiness? 3) How can we understand the results?   

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fabri, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fredman, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Jansson, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Karlén, Sara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Radmann, Jens
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Idrotten och friluftslivet under coronapandemin: Resultat från två undersökningar om coronapandemins effekter på idrott, fysisk aktivitet och friluftsliv2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 14.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Jansson, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SWEDISH REGIONAL SPORT STRATEGY, PERCEIVED TRUST, AND NON-PROFIT SPORT ORGANIZATIONS’ MANAGEMENT IN SOUTHERN SWEDEN2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionSport and trust-based governance is a cornerstone of Swedish sport management. There are more than 20,000 sport associations, and the sport sector receives approximately USD 20 million in public funding yearly. The Swedish Sports Confederation (SSC) is a non-profit umbrella organisation that coordinates the management of Swedish sport. SSC’s “what sport wants” is an appropriation document on the vision of the Swedish sport movement wherein SSC advise sport clubs to focus on inclusivity, hard to reach societal groups, and sport for the masses rather than the fostering of elite players. Concurrently, it is problematic that there is no research on what motivates sport clubs to apply what sport wants (Book, Hedenborg & Andersson, 2022). Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to contribute new knowledge on what influences Swedish sports clubs in carrying out what sport wants’s national goals for sport participation.

    MethodsThe data consists of self-rated answers (N = 1,937) from a questionnaire, distributed to all non-profit sport organizations in southern Sweden in 2017, 2018 and 2020. The questionnaire focused on sport organizations’ 1) perceived support from SSC, 2) perceived trust in SSC, 3) competence in what sport wants and, 4) how frequently the sports associations worked with equity (including anti-discrimination and inclusion). X2-test and regression analyses were used to analyze differences between the years 2017, 2018 and 2020, and the relationship between perceived support from SSC, perceived trust in SSC, competence in what sport wants, and how frequently the sports association worked with equity. Effect size measurements were calculated and interpreted based on established guidelines.

    ResultsPreliminary results indicate that sport organizations’ perceived support from SSC has decreased significantly and continuously between 2017 (M = 3.0), 2018 (M = 2.9), and 2020 (M = 2.8). It does not seem to be any differences in perceived trust in SSC and equity. The results also show that, competence in what sport wants (β = .225), and perceived support from SSC (β = .278) can predict to which extent sport organizations work with equity (R2 =.278).

    DiscussionPreliminary results indicate that more support and trust in SSC lead to increased realization of what sport wants. However, since the results show that perceived support for SSC has decreased between 2017, 2018, and 2020, this study illuminates an urgency of maintaining a strong relationship between Swedish sport clubs and SSC. Moreover, the results confirm the efficiency of the trust-based management model used in Sweden, which seemingly leads to deliverables among the participating associations.

    Book, K., Hedenborg, S., & Andersson, K. (2022). New spatial practices in organised sport following COVID-19: the Swedish case. Sport in Society, 25(7), 1343–1357. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2022.2031017

  • 15.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Karlén, Sara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Radmann, Jens
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Jansson, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Continued sport and physical exercise during COVID-19: Strategies of staying active in Sweden2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating effects both for the global sport community as well as for individual exercisers around the world. Due to a wide range of imposed measurements to prevent the disease, day-to-day physical activities for entire populations are restricted by physical distancing, cancelled tournaments, and closed gyms. Sweden has chosen to apply recommendations instead of restrictions, however, little is known about how individuals in Sweden reason around, and act out their personal sport participation. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to increase knowledge of how sport participation was motivated from a micro perspective during the first wave of COVID-19. The paper is based on a mixed-methods-study with data from a questionnaire (N = 1,141) and material from semi-structured interviews (N =90). The results indicate that respondents who were already active before the pandemic remained active or even increased their activity levels. To investigate this further, the interviews were analyzed with critical discourse analysis to uncover how respondents justified their continued/increased personal sport participation. These could be summarized as (discursive) strategies of perpetuation based on (i) specific contexts, (ii) scientific and (personal) experienced knowledge of covid-19, and (iii) trust in others’ ability to follow recommendations to prevent the spread. Accordingly, this study contributes with new knowledge of how sport participation in Sweden was motivated, and, from a larger perspective, how a pandemic may influence attitudes toward health and exercise in an advanced Western capitalist society.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fotboll och profilering av svenska städer2008In: Idrott och City-Marketing / [ed] Karin Book, Bo Carlsson, idrottsforum.org , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Carlsson, Bo
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Sport Sci, Växjö, Sweden..
    Hognestad, Hans K.
    Univ South Eastern Norway, Dept Sports Phys Educ & Outdoor Studies, Notodden, Norway..
    Nordic football: local and global impact, influences and images2023In: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 289-292Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Arnshed, Stefan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fotbollsmålvaktens involvering i lagets offensiva spel2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the goalkeeper’s involvement in the game for an elite development U17-team, and to analyze if increased involvement of the goalkeeper in the game, statistically leads to more or fewer offensive ball controls, goal chances, and goals. Method: The study was performed based on a structured data analysis with a non- participation observational study. To the analysis, a simple coding scheme was created. The data analysis was based on four factors connected to the goalkeeper’s involvement during the initial play. After the processing, a thematic analysis was applied to the results with the purpose of identifying similar themes connected to the goalkeeper’s involvement. The data was analyzed from the program HUDL where all 26 relevant games from the 2020 season existed. Theory: The studies theoretical framework was decision-making theory. It is based on decision field theory which was developed by Busemeyer and Townsend (1993) which from the start is a game theory. Results and conclusion: During the season, the team advanced to the offensive half with ball control 1050 times, which indicated 40,4 on average per game. The goalkeeper was directly or indirectly involved in 44%. The team advanced to the last third of the field 596 times (22,9 on average) and the goalkeeper was involved 40%. Furthermore, the goalkeeper was directly or indirectly involved in 42% out of the teams 313 goal chances (12 on average) and 28% out of 36 goals (1,4 on average). There is also a psychological and position-based advantage being created by involving the goalkeeper in the game. By using the goalkeeper as an extra central defender, is enables less ball losses, increased possession, larger control of the game and thereby possibility to control the game structure.

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  • 19.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    School of Health and Welfare, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Where does environmental sustainability fit in the changing landscapes of outdoor sports?: An analysis of logics of practice in artificial sport landscapes2023In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 727-740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental sustainability in sport is an increasingly important issue. In this paper, we want to highlight a specific phenomenon, namely artificially constructed landscapes and the outdoor sport activities that take place therein. More specifically, we are interested in the logics that govern peoples’ practice of sport in such artificial landscapes and what challenges with regards to environmental sustainability that follow from these logics. The purpose of this paper is to identify what individual athletes perceive as meaningful logics when practicing sport in artificial landscapes and to analyse and discuss potential environmental consequences of these logics. The sports we focus on are cross-country skiing and canoe slalom, two sports that historically have been dependent on specific geographies and contexts. We build on two research questions: What logics of practice govern individual athletes’ practice of sport in artificial landscapes? And what environmental challenges are potential consequences of the logics that are expressed by the athletes? Our findings indicate that the logic of performance is dominant for the sport practitioners who train in artificial landscapes, at the expense of perspectives such as nature experience and environmental sustainability. If performance is key, then the role of the training landscape is also first and foremost to present the best possible conditions for performance. But if the athlete/exerciser see their training as a means of experiencing nature, then other values than performance and comparability can become more important. When the environmental impact of individual athletes and of the artificial landscapes in which they do their training come under increased scrutiny, the role of logics of practice in the sport and movement culture needs further attention. Being aware of nature and the environment is also a logic that could be found meaningful in the process of making sports more sustainable.

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  • 20.
    Backman, Erik
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Danielski, Itai
    Umeå universitet.
    The Changing Landscape of Sport Facilities: Consequences for Practitioners and the Environment2023In: Sport, Performance and Sustainability: Consequences for Practitioners and the Environment / [ed] Daniel Svensson; Erik Backman; Susanna Hedenborg; Sverker Sörlin, London: Routledge, 2023, p. 50-65Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of sports facilities has received increasing attention over the last decades. However, studies within this area primarily deal with how the actual construction of sports facilities affects the environment. We know far less about how an active presence in sports facilities influences sporting practitioners’ thoughts about their own environmental impact. Therefore, this chapter critically discusses environmental issues connected to sports facilities generally and more specifically in relation to artificial sports facilities. We use several theoretical concepts to discuss the current research with examples taken from the artificial landscapes of cross-country skiing, canoe slalom, and turf-based sports. What makes artificial sports facilities especially interesting from an environmental perspective is the ambiguity they involve. On one hand, the actual constructions involve direct interventions in nature. On the other hand, there is a lack of knowledge about the impact these facilities have on health, environmental awareness, and travel. We argue that future sports facilities will need to stimulate more logic than competition if sport and outdoor recreation is to be environmentally sustainable. The process of sportification, which has prioritised the growth of sport economies and encouraged ever higher performance levels, would need to shift its focus to incorporate environmental concerns.

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    Backman Svensson Danielski ch 4 Sport Perfromance and Sustainability 2023 Routledge
  • 21.
    Backman, Jyri
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Jokerit’s move to KHL: an odd momentum in the commercialization of Nordic elite ice hockey2020In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 505-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is set to target several tensions, problems and possibilities in Finnish (and Nordic) men’s elite ice hockey, which have arisen due to increasing commercialization and professionalization. This process has accelerated simultaneously with the recent development and advances of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL), in addition to the constant and general influences of NHL (i.e., Americanization). Thus, the essay will focus on Jokerit as an illustrative case. To state, Jokerit, founded in 1967, is a powerhouse in Finnish ice hockey, both sport- ingly and financially. The commercialization of Finnish elite ice hockey culminated in 2014/2015 when Jokerit joined KHL. This article reflects on Jokerit’s financial and legal challenges, as well as the commercial press and progress in Nordic elite ice hockey and thus on Jokerit’s drift towards KHL. In addition to these topics, the essay presents and discusses different aspects of the progress of KHL, as well as its reasons and consequences.

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  • 22.
    Backman, Jyri
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    The progress of SHL Sport Ltd, in light of ‘Americanization’, juridification and hybridity2020In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 452-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SHL and the Swedish Ice Hockey Federation stand as the principal force or engine behind the commercialization processes in Swedish sport, due to influences from the commercial culture of NHL (i.e., the ‘Americanization’ of sport and society). In addition, the impact of the KHL with regard to player migration has forced the league to look for new commercial alternatives and forms of organization. At the same time, Swedish sport in general is, like ice hockey, basically founded on and ruled by the hegemony of the Swedish Sports Confederation and its basically idealistic values. Thus, SHL is shaped by normative dualism as well as by an incipient commercialization process. The ambition of the following text in this respect is to describe and analyze this dilemma by applying the concepts of juridification and hybridity, in addition to providing general perspectives on the Americanization processes in ice hockey and by testing and illustrating this dilemma by the case of the Växjö Lakers, Ltd/Plc.

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  • 23.
    Barcenilla, Hugo
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    D'Arcy, Brendan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    To sportify or not to sportify?: Unpacking the profiles of sport and lifestyle initiatives for sustainable social development2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sport is often perceived as inherently positive for sustainable development. This widespread assumption is however found to be quite normative, and the standardization of its boundaries dangerously naive. The lack of contextual specificity across the dominant schools of thought calls for a more comprehensive analysis of what different activities entail in different contexts. 

    Purpose: This study examines the field of sport for development through a critical lens. Different initiatives using traditional mainstream sports and lifestyle sports, seeking an array of social development objectives, are structurally and systematically unpacked, hence uncovering the attributes that shape the achievements and challenges of the projects. 

    Methods: Through a qualitative approach, six organisations operating in varying scopes and environments were interviewed using a semi-structured approach. 

    Results: The investigation pinpoints the encompassing theme of sportification as a force of change influencing the internal and external dynamics of lifestyle sports as well as traditional mainstream sports, though to a lesser extent. Several important issues emerge from the investigation, such as how the notions of focus, networks and the fundamental benefits and challenges underlying each type of sport can materialize into concrete impacts on social development. 

    Conclusions: A fine balance of sportification is necessary in order to gain the leverage and capital required to access the opportunities presented by organized sport yet without excessively compromising the innate social qualities of the activity. 

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  • 24.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Svensson, Robert
    Örebro universitet.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Fransson, Dan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Don’t buy a pig in a poke: Considering challenges of and problems with performance analysis technologies in Swedish men’s elite football2021In: Performance Enhancement & Health, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 100191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, technologies to monitor, test and analyze athletes’ performance and health have rapidly developed. At present, global positioning systems (GPS), stadium camcorders, heart rate monitors and mobile applications are prominent performance analysis technologies (PATs) used in most elite sport environments. While PATs is understood as an aid, there is a growing body of literature that points to negative consequences. These negative consequences are concerning and call for research and measures to develop strategies for effective and productive implementation. To achieve this, this article first outlines key challenges and problems of PATs, using sport sociological research on coaching and athletes, historical knowledge of the scientization of training and the changing role of the coach, as well as scientific and experiential knowledge of performance analysis. Our findings show that key challenges and problems occur in a chain of six steps that concern the implementing of PATs: 1. Investment in PATs; 2. Production of performance data; 3. Interpretation of performance data; 4. Communication of performance data; 5. Decision-making based on performance data; and 6. Influence of PATs on coaches and athletes. The article then answers these challenges and problems by outlining recommendations for how sport managers and administrators can prevent buying “a pig in a poke” by acquiring competence about performance analysis and PATs, investing time, and developing effective communication between those working with PATs.

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  • 25.
    Bergmark, Karolina
    et al.
    Fritidsförvaltningen, Malmö stad.
    Jansson, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Norberg, Johan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Återstart. En studie om Malmö stadssärskilda bidrag för att främja föreningslivets återstart eftercoronapandemin2023Report (Other academic)
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  • 26.
    Bjärsholm, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Jansson, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Krugly, Sandra
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Ingrell, Joakim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Unit for Police Work.
    Vikman, Jenny
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    A longitudinal study on exercise habits and mental health among swedish police students2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In Sweden, police education should promote students’ physical activity and mental health. According to national goals, police students should be provided with sufficient conditions to develop and maintain advantageous exercise habits and tools to handle various mentally and physically demanding tasks. The national goals also state that students’ physical fitness must be better at graduation than what the requirements are for admission (see Krugly et al., 2022). Although the improvement of students’ physical fitness and mental health are national goals, there is a general lack of knowledge regarding: 1) police students physical and mental health, especially from a Swedish perspective; and 2) how well police education promotes students’ level of physical activity during education. Against this background, the aim is to explore police students’ mental health and level of physical activity during police education in Sweden.

    Methods: The data derives from the largest project in Sweden on police students’ physical and mental health, and consists of longitudinal data on police students answers of a self-rated questionnaire about exercise habits and mental health (N = 785). The data used in this study was gathered between 2019–2021, and consisted of four data collection points, from two police educations in Sweden. The analysis was conducted in two steps. First, exploratory- and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to create scales for mental health orientation. Second, these scales, together with the variable exercise habits, were used as outcome variables in t-tests, X2 test and ANOVA. Effect size measurements were calculated and interpreted based on established guidelines.

    Results: The results show high psychometric support for two scales named positive health orientation and negative health orientation. Based on the scales and the variable of exercise habits, three primarily results emerge: 1) the levels of physical training for men decrease during education; 2) there are gender differences showing that women have a more negative health orientation; and, 3) the positive mental health orientation decreases during education for both men and women.

    Discussion: Swedish police education should prepare students for physically and mentally demanding work. However, as this study concludes, this tends to not be the case, especially given that both the level of physical activity and the positive mental health orientation decrease during education. This raises questions on whether the Swedish police education is doing “enough” to provide the students with adequate conditions for improving their mental and physical health.

    Krugly, S., Bjärsholm, D., Jansson, A., Rosendal Hansen, A., Hansson, O., Brehm, K., Datmo, A., Hafsteinsson Östenberg, A., & Vikman, J. (2022). A retrospective study of physical fitness and mental health among police students in Sweden. The Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles. doi.org/10.1177/0032258X221089576

  • 27.
    Björklund, Lisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Tre företags syn på idrottssponsring2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sponsorships related to sports is a type of marketing that’s occupying more space in today’s corporate climate. Investing in sports benefits companies in multiple ways, such as exposure, increased sales and as a way of taking social responsibility. The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine and understand what motivates three companies’ choice of sponsoring, how they evaluate these sponsorships and how big of a role social responsibility takes in the decision-making. By conducting three interviews with representatives from Carlsberg, Eleda and Stadium, the study presents results on influential factors in sports sponsoring. Most research report an overall positive response to sponsorships and sport, which this study confirms. Furthermore, the results implicate that the biggest motivating factors for sponsoring are brand awareness and trademark association. All partnerships are based on a win-win-situation, where both parties benefit. This study also examines the value of social responsibility in sponsorships, often phrased as Corporate Social Responsibility. Working with sustainability is important for all three companies, with an increased awareness and demand for equality and inclusion. The evaluation of sponsorships differs between the companies, but the main evaluation point is the fulfilment of the partnerships’ set goals.

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  • 28.
    Boije af Gennäs, Klara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Equestrians' online communities and their impact on horse-related injuries: norms, attitudes and risk-taking ideals2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Boije af Gennäs, Klara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Horse- and riding-related injuries among youth riders in Sweden2023In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 2023-09-13Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this feature article, Klara Boije af Gennäs presents her Ph.D. project at Malmö University Her main concern is the prevalence and severity of injuries in youth equestrian sports, and not only acute injuries from riding accidents but also overuse injuries resulting from hard labor in the stable. Applying a multi- and interdisciplinary research approach as well as a mix of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, her aim is to extend and strengthen the understanding of stable- and riding injuries among youth equestrians. (Published in English 230913.)

  • 30.
    Book, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Dags att tänka nytt om platser för idrott och fysisk aktivitet: Utbud, tillgänglighet och flexibilitet2022In: Idrottsanläggningar – i dag och i morgon: Om behov, tillgänglighet och konkurrerande intressen / [ed] Centrum för idrottsforskning, Stockholm: Centrum för Idrottsforskning , 2022, p. 21-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin inleds med ett kapitel av Karin Book, disputerad i kulturgeografi och universitetslektor i idrottsvetenskap vid Malmö universitet. Book har lång erfarenhet av forskning och utvecklingsprojekt i frågor kopplade till ytor och anläggningar för idrott och fysisk aktivitet. Hon är även flitigt anlitad av idrotts- rörelsen och av kommuner som forskare och expert i frågor rörande idrottens och den fysiska aktivitetens roll i den fysiska planeringen, om hållbar utveckling och om stadsutveckling. I denna text bidrar Book med en reflekterande text om människors tillgänglighet till idrott och fysisk aktivitet med fokus på just anläggningsfrågor. Book visar med belysande exempel att det går att lägga många och skilda perspektiv på begrepp som ”idrottsanläggning” och ”tillgänglighet”. Hon varnar även för förenklade antaganden och förhastade slutsatser. Som exempel påpekar hon att fler anläggningar inte med automatik leder till ökade idrottsaktiviteter. Individers reella tillgänglighet till idrottsytor påverkas även av faktorer som personliga intressen, samhälleliga trender, socioekonomiska förutsättningar och tillgången till kulturella nätverk. Hon redogör även för det Vinnova-finansierade projektet Equalizer där forskare, arkitekter och Malmö stad gick samman för att utveckla nya verktyg med målet att göra existerande aktivitetsplatser i Malmö mer jämställda och inkluderande.

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  • 31.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Högdahl, Elisabeth
    Lund Univ, Dept Serv Management & Serv Studies, Lund, Sweden..
    Equalizer: breaking down the barriers at informal outdoor sport and recreational spaces2022In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A popular strategy for activating the urban population physically is to provide informal outdoor sport and recreational spaces. However, building an infrastructure does not assure physical activity among the wider population. For instance, girls tend to be underrepresented at public sport places. To create more equal physical activity opportunities in public space, we need to uncover and interpret the barriers. Therefore, outdoor sport and recreational spaces are interesting to examine, as they provide a possibility to understand gender in relation to norms, activity, and public space. The project Equalizer - a tool for equal and inclusive activity places deals with the perspectives of gender, place, and physical activity to create changes in the use of public informal outdoor sport and recreational spaces. This paper aims to discuss the experience-based, participatory method of disturbances used in the Equalizer project and some of the central findings and solutions. The findings indicate that the barriers for engaging in physical activity at informal outdoor sport and recreational spaces are multi-faceted, as are the possible solutions to overcome the barriers and open up the places to more people. We identified four types of solutions based on the identified barriers: spatial/physical, organisational/support-related, activity-related, and norm/representation-related.

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  • 32.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Svanborg Eden, Gustav
    The City of Malmö Streets, Parks and Property Department.
    Malmö - the skateboarding city: a multi-level approach for developing and marketing a city through user-driven partnerships2021In: International Journal of Sports Marketing & Sponsorship, ISSN 1464-6668, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 164-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how skateboarding as a community, sport and cultural phenomenon can become integrated into and drive the development, branding and marketing of a city (Malmo). Design/methodology/approach This paper is produced through a communicative co-constructed process of one scholar and one practitioner within the skateboarding field. Through the narrative told by the practitioner, and with basis in the established understanding and conceptualization of place marketing through sport, success factors of the skateboarding initiatives in Malmo are identified. Findings The skateboarding story of Malmo fits well into the established conceptualization of place branding and marketing, neoliberalism and urban entrepreneurialism. Also, it demonstrates the power of a unique user-driven partnerships between skaters, a non-profit organization and public institutions to create a skateboard-friendly city and as a consequence a strong internationally renowned skate-image. The multi-level, multi-content approach is founded in shared values and mutual benefits. Instead of fitting a phenomenon into an outward-oriented image-strategy, skateboarding as a sport and culture has been allowed to develop organically, creating a credible and unique image for Malmo. Originality/value This study adds to the literature on sport and city marketing/branding by developing a deeper, empirically founded, understanding of how to combine top-down and bottom-up approaches in urban development, marketing and branding. The results have scientific as well as practical value.

  • 33.
    Book, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Department of Sport Sciences, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Svanborg Edén, Gustav
    Malmö stad.
    Urbant varumärkesbyggande genom idrott: Skatestaden Malmö2020In: Sport management, del 3. Idrottens marknader och konsumtionskultur / [ed] Bäckström, Å; Book, K. Carlsson, B; Fahlström, P-G., Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Broms, Lovisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Negotiating authenticity: A study of young equestrians and social media2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social Networking Sites (SNS) as for example Facebook (FB) has become a great part of everyday life of contemporary teens (Boyd, 2014). Research show that frequent FB users compare themselves to the perfect personas constructed on SNS, which leads to a belief that other users are more successful than themselves even in their offline-lives (Vogel et al, 2014). Media studies show that there is a strong negative correlation between media coverage and a high proportion of female athletes. A likely explanation for the low coverage of equestrian sport is evidently that a majority of the riders are girls and women. Yet, new media habits in the era of digitalization, challenge our previous experiences of who and what is covered on SNS in relation to equestrian sports (Dashper, 2017). 

    In order to understand how online communication affects different groups in society, it is important to assemble information about online culture(s). Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze young riders’ use of SNS in relation to their everyday life around the horse, so as to identify cyber culture(s) connected to equestrian sport.

    To understand young riders' relations to SNS, Erving Goffman's theory impression management and the concepts Face-to-Face and Persona-to-Persona will be used (Goffman, 1959). The concept of authenticity and Judith Butlers theory regarding gender performativity (Butler, 1988) is used as a lens to analyze cultures emerging among riders on SNS. The empirical data has been collected through six focus group interviews at two Swedish equestrian centers. The population consist of 25 students (15 to 18 years). 

    This study shows that the image of the perfect equestrian life on SNS is governed by profiles using impression management, which ultimately leads to stress and anxiety among adolescents. Ideal images of super boys and girls in the cyber stable are created on SNS. The findings also show that the adolescents’ relationship to SNS is complex. They admire- and compare themselves to riders who seem to be perfect athletes, at the same time they long to see a more authentic image of everyday life on SNS. It seems like the young equestrians are negotiating the concept of authenticity, constantly searching for content which break cultural barriers and challenge the idea of the perfect rider. Furthermore, they are negotiating gender constructions presented on SNS and question the ideal images of super girls and boys.

    Boyd, D (2014) It’s complicated : the social lives of networked teens. Yale University Press

    Butler, J (1988) Performance Acts and Gender Construction: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory. Theatre Journal 40(4) 519-531

    Dashper, K (2017) Human-Animal Relationships in Equestrian Sport and Leisure. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge

    Goffman, E (1959: 2014)  Jaget och maskerna. Malmö: Studentlitteratur

    Vogel, EA, Rose, JP, Roberts, LR, Eckles, K (2014) Social Comparison, Social Media, and Self-Esteem. Psychology of Popular Media Culture (3)4 206–222

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    Negotiating Authenticity
  • 35.
    Broms, Lovisa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Bentzen, Marte
    Norwegian Scool of Sport Sciences.
    Radmann, Aage
    Norwegian Scool of Sport Sciences.
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Stable Cultures in Cyberspace: a study about equestrians’ use of social media as knowledge platforms2021In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New media habits in the era of digitalization challenge previous understandings of who and what receives media coverage. Research shows that practitioners in self-organized lifestyle sports consistently use social media to attain and exchange information and knowledge about their sport. Is this also the case in organized sport? The Internet has become a great resource for horse-enthusiasts and the online horse world can be described as an extension of the physical horse world. Equestrian sport is particularly interesting to analyze due to the fact that there is an animal involved. Still, there is little knowledge of how horse enthusiasts use social media in relation to their interest in equestrian sports. The aim of this article is therefore to chart and analyze how equestrians use social media, how they communicate horse-related content on social media, and how social media can be seen as a source for knowledge exchange. Our investigation focuses on how equestrians use social media to acquire information about horses, and how this usage can be explained in connection to age and experience. A mixed methods design is used and data is collected from 28 focus group interviews with equestrians in Sweden and Norway and a survey with 1,628 respondents. Our study indicates that practitioners of self-organized sports are not unique in using social network sites (SNS) to exchange and attain knowledge about their sport; equestrians in general are shown to be frequent users of SNS such as Facebook and Instagram. Although our results show a few significant differences in SNS use in relation to age; the riders in the different age groups have surprisingly similar views of their SNS use in relation to attaining information about the horse. ‘Stable cultures’ and the organized structure of equestrian sports appear to create boundaries determining where a ‘good equestrian’ should seek information about horse-keeping. However, the organized structure and traditional nature of this sport do not stop equestrians from turning to SNS.

  • 36.
    Broms, Lovisa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Radmann, Aage
    Department of teacher education and outdoor studies, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Super equestrians: the construction of identity/ies and impression management among young equestrians in upper secondary school settings on social media2022In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 462-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze and increase the understanding of how young equestrians, in a sport school context, perceive, construct, negotiate and manage identities on social media. This article presents how a specific group of young athletes (equestrians) use social network sites (SNS), such as Facebook and Instagram, in relation to their everyday lives as students attending upper secondary schools with an equestrian sports profile. Social media is increasingly important for young people's perceptions, constructions, and managing of identities. Using a multifaceted theoretical framework, including Erving Goffman's dramaturgical perspective, we will explore how young equestrians perceive the content on SNS and analyze how they act and create content in relation to existing norms and cultures. Equestrianism is one of the largest sports in Sweden and several upper secondary schools in Sweden offer programs with an equestrian profile. Studies on sport schools evince a focus on elite sport and competition, which affects norms and ideologies at these schools. Through focus group interviews with 25 students, we show that the situation is complex and contradictory. The results indicate that young riders have identified an online stable culture where high performance equestrianism is the norm. Our study shows that the educational environment is not the only factor affecting the students, but that social media is also a part of the young athletes' constructions of identity. The image of the employable 'super equestrian' who is attractive, wears the 'right clothes', is successful, and acts 'professionally' is the most desirable representation online. The young equestrians are critical of what is communicated on SNS in relation to horses and riding, and they are uncertain of how to position themselves in relation to this communication.

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  • 37.
    Brorsson, Truls
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Fredrik, Hansson
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
    Idrottslärarens utmaningar för att arbeta kompenserande för elever inom Autismspektrumtillstånd2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt arbete utgår ifrån ett tredelat syfte. Det första syftet med vår studie är att undersöka vilka kompenserande hjälpmedel eller anpassningar som används av lärare inom ämnet idrott och hälsa för att kompensera eventuellt behov hos elever med AST-diagnos. Vårt andra syfte med studien är att mäta lärare i idrott och hälsas upplevelse av stöd i från skolledningen. Det tredje syftet är att mäta i vilken utsträckningen lärare i idrott och hälsa upplever sig ha tid till att göra de kompenserande anpassningar som vid behov finns. Skolans syfte är att ge en så likvärdig utbildning som möjligt, vilket ställer krav på både kunskap och förståelse kring behov utifrån individens egenskaper. Studier visar att elever med AST-diagnos inte når målen i lika stor utsträckning som övriga elever. Därför vill vi problematisera detta och konkretisera vilka anpassningar som man vanligtvis arbetar med, samt undersöka hur lärare i sin profession upplever att de har tillräckligt med tid och stöd för att arbeta kompenserande. Vår frågeställning består av två frågor och de är: 

    Genom vilka anpassningar/hjälpmedel arbetar lärare i idrott och hälsa för att kompensera för eventuella behov i det dagliga arbetet med elever inom AST?

    Upplever lärare i idrott och hälsa att de får det stöd eller tillräckligt med tid att planera och genomföra anpassningar för att arbeta kompenserande gällande klasser där elever med AST finns? 

    Vi utgår från Foucaults syn på makt där styrningen ses som en maktform och vi använder den för att se hur miljön kan göras begriplig och hanterbar. Utbildning, uppfostran och undervisning är metoden för att nå förutbestämda mål. Vi ser också på kompenserande anpassningar utifrån relationell pedagogik som menar att eleven befinner sig inom en viss kontext. Vi har gjort en enkätundersökning som är både kvalitativ och kvantitativ. Enkäten består av både förutbestämda svarsalternativ på frågor samt frågor av mer öppen karaktär där respondenterna fått möjlighet att skriva egna svar. Denna metod möjliggjorde bredare svar. Vårt resultat visar vilka anpassningar som görs i ämnet idrott och hälsa av respondenterna i vår enkät. Vi visar också att en stor del av respondenterna anser att det inte har varken tillräckligt stort stöd eller tid för att göra de anpassningarna efter behov. 

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    Fredrik Hansson Truls Brorsson
  • 38.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    et al.
    GIH, Stockholm.
    Book, KarinMalmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).Carlsson, BoLinnéuniversitetet.PG, FahlströmLinnéuniversitetet.
    Sport management: Del 3 Idrottens marknader och konsumtionskultur2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Böhme, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Samband mellan fysisk aktivitet, stress och skärmtid hos ungdomar2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Many students feel stressed in a school-based environment. At the same time, theamount of physical activity decreases as the students get older and in today’s digitalizedsociety, the time in front of the screen becomes longer and longer. The purpose of thisstudy was to examine the relationship between physical activity, stress and screen-timeamong students. This is done with a quantitative survey with a questionnaire as amethod in which 62 student participants. 87% of the sample fell in an adequate level ofphysical activity. Despite this 37% experience a high level of stress and 43.6% have ascreen-time over 10 hour per day. A correlation analysis shows a relationship betweenphysical activity and screen-time (r =-0.281, p >0.05) while stress did not show anysignificant relationship between physical activity or screen-time.

    Keyword: physical activity, stress, screen-time, adolescents

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    Anna Böhme
  • 40.
    Caldeborg, Annica
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Joacim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden and Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Physical contact in physical education, sports coaching and the preschool: a scoping review2023In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 326-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical contact between adults and children in educational setting has been a well debated subject in research over the past 20 years. Although physical contact is often regarded as an important pedagogical tool, it has given rise to an increased awareness amongst sports coaches, physical education and preschool teachers about the possible negative consequences of its use in these settings. The aim of this article is to map the current literature on physical contact in physical education, sports coaching and the preschool and identify research gaps by means of a scoping review, i.e. after 20 years of research in the field of intergenerational touch what can be said to be known in the field and what possible gaps are there in the research? The research questions are: (i) Which journals, countries, settings, theories and methods are represented in the research field? (ii) Which central themes and knowledge gaps can be identified? The results show that the research field has expanded significantly in the last 20 years, both in terms of the number of published articles, the number of countries represented in the research and the number of journals in which articles on the topic have been published. The central themes identified in the articles included in the review cover the following topics: fears related to physical contact, resistance, cultural differences, the functions and needs of physical contact and the professional identity of sports coaches, physical education and preschool teachers. It is concluded that studies that could lead the research field forward would ideally focus on intersectionality, or how practitioners’ fears of physical contact impact their pedagogical work with students.

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    fulltext
  • 41.
    Cardell, David
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    USA-perspektiv på idrott och mångfald2008In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, no 96Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Review of: Cunningham, George B. (2007) Diversity in Sport Organizations. Scottsdale: Holcomb Hathaway, Publishers, Inc.’, for Idrottsforum.org 2008 (update #96)

  • 42.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrott och moral – var det bättre förr?2007In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Idrottsjuridik för sportchefer2007In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av: Linda A. Sharp, Anita M. Moorman & Cathryn L. Claussen Sport Law: A Managerial Approach 688 sidor, hft., ill. Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway 2006 ISBN 1-890871-70-2

  • 44.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    ”Poliser och huliganer”, i regi av Megan O’Neill efter manus av Erving Goffman2007In: idrottsforum.org, no 2007-01-31Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av: Megan O’Neill Policing Football: Social Interaction and Negotiated Disorder 220 sidor, inb. Basingstoke, Hamps.: Palgrave Macmillan 2006 ISBN 1-4039-4118-1

  • 45.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Rättens hantering av vrede, provokationer och passivt samtycke inom idrotten2007In: Idrottsjuridsk årsbok 2007, no nr. 12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Department of Sport Science, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    'Science Slam' and sportification processes in science2019In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 1623-1637Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport's relation to society could be grasped in its connection to science. Thus, there seem to exist two parallel processes: the scientification of sport and the sportification of science. Undoubtedly, science has become an important part in the development of sport, particularly in elite sport. As regards the relation between science and sport, an opposite trend has also been observed, in which sport logic influences the (popular) presentation of science. In this respect, this essay talks about the 'sportification of science', by making reference to 'Science Slam' and 'Grand Prix in Science'.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 47.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Svag slutrapport från jätteprojekt2007In: idrottsforum.orgArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Recension av Celia Brackenridge et al Child Welfare in Football: An Exploration of Children’s Welfare in the Modern Game 251 sidor, hft. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge 2007 ISBN 978-0-415-37233-6

  • 48.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Vad är fritid, och vad är i sin tur fritidsvetenskap?2007In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Linnaues Univ, Dept Sport Sci, Växjö, Sweden..
    Backman, Jyri
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Juridification of fandom: dealing with spectators' expressions of 'too much joy' in Swedish football2023In: Soccer & Society, ISSN 1466-0970, E-ISSN 1743-9590, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 364-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay address different forms of 'extensive joyfulness' among football spectators, and the Swedish legal responses to these actions, due to the actions' classification as pitch invasion and trespassing, in legal terms. The essay presents the legal context, by focusing on external regulation of public order and surveillance as well as internal by-laws dealing with spectator security. By using two cases, from the district court, the essay reflects on the legal systems possibility and relevance in order to react on expressions of 'too much joy', as a legal sign of pitch invasion and the disturbance of public order. The analysi focuses on the problems of juridification when the law has to handle various mundane and 'trivial' social issues. The argument is that the football management has to amalgamate different forms of 'extensive joyfulness', in a discretionary manner, to the logics of entertainment before turning them to legal issues

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    fulltext
  • 50.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Grujoska, Isabella
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Sport For Life: Sport as a Tool for Development2007In: idrottsforum.orgArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
123456 1 - 50 of 264
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