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  • 1. Aceijas, Carmen
    et al.
    Brall, Caroline
    Schröder-Bäck, Peter
    Otok, Robert
    Maeckelberghe, Els
    Stjernberg, Louise
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Sektionen för hälsa.
    Strech, Daniel
    Tulchinsky, Theodore H
    Teaching Ethics in Schools of Public Health in the European Region: Findings from a Screening Survey2012In: Public Health Reviews, ISSN 0301-0422, E-ISSN 2107-6952, Vol. 34, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A survey targeting ASPHER members was launched in 2010/11, being a first initiative in improving ethics education in European Schools of Public Health. An 8-items questionnaire collected information on teaching of ethics in public health. A 52% response rate (43/82) revealed that almost all of the schools (95% out of 40 respondents with valid data) included the teaching of ethics in at least one of its programmes. They also expressed the need of support, (e.g.: a model curriculum (n=25), case studies (n=24)), which indicates further work to be met by the ASPHER Working Group on Ethics and Values in Public Health.

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  • 2.
    Acheampong, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Khadida, Sibel
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Grundutbildade sjuksköterskors upplevelse av transkulturell omvårdnad inom palliativ vård -: En litteraturstudie utifrån sjuksköterskans perspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sverige har under åren utvecklats till ett multikulturellt land vilket innebär att nyexaminerade sjuksköterskor kommer att möta patienter från olika kulturella bakgrunder. Detta examensarbete kan användas som stöd för grundutbildade sjuksköterskor då det belyser hur andra sjuksköterskor har hanterat svårigheterna och utmaningarna som kan uppstå vid omvårdnad av palliativa patienter från olika kulturella bakgrunder.

    Syfte Syftet med arbetet är att beskriva grundutbildade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av transkulturell omvårdnad inom palliativ vård.

    Metod: Metasyntes användes som analysmetod för arbetet. Det är skrivet utifrån en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt och är baserad på totalt 10 kvalitativa artiklar.

    Resultat: Resultatet för detta arbete valdes att presenteras utifrån tre huvudteman samt åtta subteman. Tema ett (1): Det som krävs för möjligheten till en god kommunikation vid transkulturell omvårdnad med tre (3) subteman: Verbal kommunikation, Beröring som kommunikationssätt samt Hjälp av tolk. Tema två (2): Kulturella skillnader med tre (3) subteman: Oro över att kränka patienten, Vikten av kunskap om kulturella skillnader samt Etiska dilemman. Tema tre (3): Sammarbete med familjen för personcentrerad vård med två (2) subteman: Medvetenhet om patienten som individ ochFamilj över autonomi

    Slutsats: De grundutbildade sjuksköterskorna upplevde den verbala och icke-verbala kommunikationen som en svårighet vid transkulturell vård av palliativa patienter. Användning av tolk upplevdes inte alltid som positivt, och att ha kunskap om olika kulturer för att kunna ge personcentrerad omvårdnad sågs som viktigt.

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  • 3.
    Adamo, Marco
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Abou Zeid, Irena
    Malmö University, Malmö University Library.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKANSUPPLEVELSE AV ATT VÅRDAPATIENTER I LIVETSSLUTSKEDE I ORDINÄRTBOENDE: EN LITTERATURSTUDIE2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that patients prefer to be cared for and die at home. Caring for patients at the end of life in community settings places high demands on the knowledge and skills of community nurses to deal with complex medical and psychosocial challenges. Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to describe the nurse's experience of providing home-based end-of-life palliative care. Method: The literature review was based on the results of ten scientific articles with qualitative approaches. The databases PubMed and Cinahl were used to identify articles that met the study's inclusion criteria. The SBU template was used to review the articles. Results: Two categories were identified: Challenges at work, and Importance of a well-functioning organization. Six subcategories were identified and they were as follows: Feeling powerless, Feeling inadequate, Emotional and existential stress, Difficulties in collaboration within the team, The importance of a well-functioning organization, The importance of good relations with patients and relatives and the importance of support and structure in the work.Conclusion: The study findings suggest that nurses face a variety of challenges in caring for patients at the end of life at home. These included workplace stress, high demands, lack of control over tasks, not being seen, heard and respected, which could lead to feelings of inadequacy and difficulties in team collaboration. In order to offer good care to patients at the end of life in ordinary housing, it is important that the nurse receives good support, both from the organization and colleagues.

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  • 4.
    Ageberg, E.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, S.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, J.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating injury prevention education and training for youth handball players targeting end-users at the individual, team and organizational levels2023In: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, ISSN 1063-4584, E-ISSN 1522-9653, Vol. 31, p. S19-S20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Research has established that physical and psychological injury prevention training is effective in reducing injuries in youth team sports, but public health impact tends to be limited because such training is not widely, properly, or sustainably implemented. Insufficient involvement of end-users at the individual and organizational levels has been identified as a main barrier to implementation. Against this backdrop, the ‘Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)’ project was initiated through dialogue between end-users and researchers with the goal of making injury prevention training an integral part of regular practice in youth handball through a series of studies. We have conducted studies within I-PROTECT and identified numerous barriers and facilitators, and address these determinants when designing the intervention.  

  • 5.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, Sofia
    Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, Jennie
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating holistic injury prevention training for youth handball: Development of an intervention targeting end-users at the individual, team, and organizational levels2024In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2052-1847 , Vol. 16, no 1, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundInterventions that are co-created with end-users, and that are informed by behavior change or implementation theories, support implementation in real world settings. However, injury prevention programs for youth athletes have typically been developed by experts with no, or insufficiently described, end-user involvement and without guidance by theories. The aim of the current study was to describe the development of a holistic injury prevention intervention for youth handball targeting end-users at different levels, through using knowledge from end-users and researchers/experts and applying relevant behavior change and implementation theories.MethodsKnowledge from researchers/experts (sports medicine, sport psychology, handball, physical therapy, strength and conditioning (n = 14)) and end-users (coaches, players, club administrators, n = 16), and applying relevant implementation (Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, CFIR), behavior change (Health Action Process Approach, HAPA) and motivational (Self-Determination Theory, SDT) theories, were used to co-design the intervention. Early end-users (coaches (n = 6), players (n = 3) and a club administrator (n = 1)) were interviewed for initial feedback.ResultsThe intervention consisted of end-user-targeted information and training that was made available in a specifically developed interactive mobile application with modules for players, coaches, club administrators, and caregivers. Information for all end-users included benefits and principles of physical and psychological injury prevention training, load-management, motivation, and communication. Information about implementation was developed for club administrators specifically. For coaches, training to do with their teams included handball-specific injury prevention exercises (legs, shoulders, core) combined with psychological aspects (motivation, task focus, body awareness) to integrate within warm-up and handball skills training. Training for players included handball-specific multi-joint strength, power, and explosive exercises (legs, shoulders, core) and sport psychology exercises (self-awareness, relaxation, being in the present moment, prevent and handle stress). To support self-management, adoption, and motivation, programs were provided, and players and coaches could change, add, progress the difficulty of exercises, and build their own programs. Initial feedback from early end-users was generally positive.ConclusionsUtilizing an approach where researchers/experts and end-users co-created injury prevention training specifically for youth handball, an intervention was generated that included information and holistic training targeting end-users at the individual (players, caregivers), team (coaches), and organizational (club administrators) levels.

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  • 6.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Björkman, Eva
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Orebro Univ, Univ Hlth Care Res Ctr, Fac Med & Hlth, S-70281 Orebro, Sweden..
    A Psychometric Evaluation of the Family Collaboration Scale and an Investigation of How the Close Family of Frail Older Patients Perceive the Collaboration with Healthcare Professionals on Acute Medical Wards at Hospitals in Sweden2022In: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of family members in the acute care of older persons with complex needs results in better coordination of care and reduces the frequency and/or duration of rehospitalisation. Therefore, healthcare professionals need a tool to assess the collaboration with family members on acute hospital wards. The aims were to test the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Family Collaboration Scale (FCS), to investigate family members' perception of collaboration with healthcare professionals on acute medical wards in Sweden and to compare the data with the corresponding Danish results. Three hundred and sixty family members of frail patients aged 65 or older from 13 acute medical wards answered the FCS questionnaire. In addition to descriptive statistics, psychometric methods were applied. The internal consistency of the Swedish version of the FCS was excellent, and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that its factor structure was equivalent to that of the original Danish FCS. The respondents' ratings indicated better perceived collaboration than in the Danish case. Older age than 60 was associated with worse collaboration with healthcare professionals regarding Influence on discharge than younger respondents. Those with compulsory and health or nursing education showed better collaboration. The Swedish version of the FCS should be further evaluated for its retest reliability and as an outcome measure in intervention studies.

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  • 7.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Jan-Åke
    Lund University.
    Kristensson, Jimmie
    Lund University.
    Runesson, Ingrid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA).
    Persson, Magnus
    Lund University.
    Bökberg, Christina
    Lund University.
    Collaboration and guidelines for the coordination of health care for frail older persons with intellectual disability: A national survey of nurses working in municipal care.2021In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 1369-1379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: To describe and compare perceptions of collaboration between care providers on the part of three groups of Registered Nurses working in municipal care and having particular responsibility concerning the care of frail older people with intellectual disability (ID); and, furthermore, to investigate the presence of and compliance with guidelines for the coordination of care.

    DESIGN: National survey study with cross-sectional design.

    METHODS: Nurses (N = 110) with key positions concerning people with ID answered a national questionnaire about collaboration, guidelines and coordinated individual plans. Descriptive and comparative statistical analyses were applied.

    RESULTS: The meetings on cooperation and coordination of interventions were attended most frequently by nurses, and least frequently by social workers. The nurses were overall satisfied with the collaboration but perceived shortcomings in the case of inpatient and outpatient psychiatric care. Only in about half of the meetings for making care plans participated the people with intellectual disability and next of kin.

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  • 8.
    Aho, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Renmarker, Elisabeth
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Axelsson, Malin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Jakobsson, Jenny
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Experiences of Playing Volt Hockey With Focus on Well-Being According to Positive Emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, Achievement: An Interview Study2022In: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, ISSN 0736-5829, E-ISSN 1543-2777, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 160-178, article id apaq.2021-0035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volt hockey is a team sport developed for persons with physical disabilities, but its influence on well-being is unknown. Elements of well-being have been described as positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement constituting a theoretical framework referred to as PERMA. The purpose of this study was to describe how well-being according to PERMA is reflected in the experiences of playing volt hockey. Data were collected through focus group and individual interviews including 21 players. A deductive analysis was conducted using the elements in PERMA as preexisting main categories with an additional main category, named resources needed. Findings showed that all five elements constituting well-being according to PERMA were reflected in the experiences of playing volt hockey. In addition, players emphasized the importance of having the resources needed to play volt hockey. In conclusion, having the opportunity to enjoy playing volt hockey enabled the players to flourish and experience feelings of subjective well-being.

  • 9.
    Aksoy, Olivia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Lembre, Nora
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Har du PMS eller?: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med PMS och PMDS2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Approximately 75% of all women of childbearing age are affected by premenstrual symptoms. 15–20% have more distinct PMS, while 2–5% suffer from the more severe version PMDD. The most common symptoms are anger, irritability, anxiety, increased bloating, soreness in the breasts, headaches, joint/muscle pain and weight gain. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to investigate women's experiences of living with PMS and PMDD. Method: The thesis was carried out as a literature study with a qualitative study design. Ten scientific articles were compiled in order to answer the aim of the study. Results: For some women, PMS can mean years of monthly suffering, for others it's a sign of being a healthy woman. Women witnessed having to resort to different coping strategies to make everyday life work, the most common were personal time and self-monitoring. Many women experienced a negative societal image of PMS and how the premenstrual woman was perceived, these norms and ideals have been shown to have a harmful impact on their self-image and how they experience their premenstrual distress. Jean Watson (1985) highlights the importance of the nurse instilling faith and hope in the patient before the situation they find themselves in. In this way, the nurse can contribute to behavioral and attitudinal changes. Conclusion: Women feel that there is a societal ignorance that affects the extent to which they are comfortable speaking about their distress. This means that women do not receive the support and help they need to cope with everyday life, something that has a direct impact on their quality of life. Increased awareness and knowledge is fundamental in order for the nurse to provide adequate and person centered care for these women. 

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  • 10.
    Al Hakeem, Haidar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av följsamhet till basala hygienrutiner inom slutenvården med fokus på handhygien: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthcare-related infections (VRIs) compose a global patient safety risk. One third of all healthcare injuries in Sweden are healthcare-related infections. The most common VRI are urinary tract infections (UTI) and postoperative wound infections of varying severity, which account for about 50% of all VRIs in Sweden. The hands are the largest source of infection for diseases in health care and therefore it is important that the registered nurse works preventively and follows hand hygiene routines to reduce the risk of infections in health care. Aim: The purpose of this literature study is to describe the undergraduate nurses' experience of adherence to basic hygiene routines in inpatient care with a focus on hand hygiene. Method: This literature study used 10 qualitative scientific articles. The articles were taken from two databases PubMed and CINAHL focusing on nurses. Articles reviewed according to SBU guidelines and were analyzed to identify relevant articles that serve the aims of the study. Results: The results of the study have been compiled into four headings. The four headings were: knowledge and skills deficiencies, environmental and organizational factors, attitudes and social behavior technology. Conclusion: Nurses think that there is a shortage of hand hygiene products, staff and knowledge, which has a negative impact on compliance to hand hygiene.

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  • 11.
    Al Hanash, Sajed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Reic, Emma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser vid tvärkulturell kommunikation: En litteraturstudie utifrån sjuksköterskans perspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sweden is today a multicultural society with a population where some have a mother tongue other than the official language. Among other things, this has led to language barriers arising, especially in healthcare. Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate the nurse's experience of cross-cultural communication. Method: A literature review based on nine scientific articles with a qualitative approach and one with a mixed method. Results: The ten selected scientific articles answered the purpose of the literature study. The results were presented in six main themes: impact on the quality of care, the relationship between nurse and patient, communication without speaking the same language, bilingual nurses as interpreters, relatives as interpreters, and professional interpreters. The lack of communication between the nurse and the patient led to a lack of participation for the patient as the patient avoided communicating with the nurse and did not understand much of the information provided. Bilingual nurses had to often act as interpreters despite the lack of training in this area. Conclusion: The study shows that language barriers complicated the nurse's work and as a consequence also made the workaround nursing and patient-safe care more difficult. Both the nurse and the patient were affected by the language barriers that arose. One solution could therefore be for the nurse to expand her knowledge in communication to offer the patient safe care.

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  • 12.
    Al Sheik Asaad, Wael
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Nordmark, Jakob
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Erfarenheter av kostförändringar vid diabetes: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is a disease that is currently classified as an epidemic and is strongly linked to poor lifestyle habits. Treating the disease involves making lifestyle changes, such as dietary modifications. Through diet, many individuals can gain control over their blood sugar levels, resulting in clinical improvement. Purpose: To highlight the experiences of dietary changes among adult individuals with type 2 diabetes. Method: A qualitative literature study. Ten articles were identified and subjected to quality assessment using the SBU review template through structured searches using a PEO model via Pubmed and Cinahl. The results were then analyzed for the findings of the literature study. Results: Four main themes were identified: the need for knowledge, motivation, availability, and social contexts. Conclusion: Dietary changes are crucial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and adherence to these changes depends heavily on personal factors in an individual’s life. Therefore, it’s important for nurses to provide effective person-centered care and it is necessary to have a holistic perspective in their supportive and health-promoting work.

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  • 13.
    AL Zagnonn, Ahmed
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Almindlawy, Ali
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Inkluderas elever med funktionsvariation i skolämnet idrott och hälsa?2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Ali Almindlawy Ahmed Al Zagnonn
  • 14.
    Al Zahed, Jamil
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Lenz, Rebecca
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med Covid-19: En litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Covid-19 is an ongoing pandemic since the end of 2019. The virus has spread throughout the world. The lack of planning, resources and leadership has been an enormous problem during the pandemic. This has led to stress and pressure in the health care for the society. The nurses have been suffering physical and mental problems because of Covid-19.

    Aim: The purpose of this literature study was to describe nurses' experiences of caring for patients with Covid-19.

    Method: Only qualitative studies were used in the literature study. CINAHL, Psycinfo and PubMed were used as databases for data collection. With the help of inclusion and exclusion criteria, thirteen studies were found and selected for the result of the literature study. Each study that was found was assessed for quality which resulted in nine high quality studies and four medium quality studies.

    Results: Two themes were found, and each theme had its own subthemes. The themes were “Physical and mental challenges” as well as “Experiences of the organization”.

    Conclusion: The results showed that nurses who cared for patients with Covid-19 experienced negative emotions, experienced physical and mental challenges in relation to performing various nursing work. The nurses obtained experience and an extended knowledge around various nursing work, which was a positive experience for the nurses. Some nurses experienced a lack of support from the organizations and the government as well as a lack of clear guidelines and information regarding performing safe and person-centered care. After working together for a while, the nurses experienced a better team spirit as well as support from the society.

    Keywords: Covid-19, Experiences, Nurse, Nursing, Pandemic.

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  • 15.
    Al-Badri, Aya
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Cham, Amie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med Multipel Skleros.: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Multipel skleros är en kronisk och allvarlig sjukdom som successivtleder till fysisk funktionsnedsättning. Sjukdomen uppstår på grund avinflammation i det centrala nervsystemet. Det är den vanligaste orsaken tillrörelsehinder i Sverige. Orsaken är okänd och det finns inget botemedel. Studiervisar att behandlingen av MS är främst inriktad på symtomlindring. Det var därförbetydelsefullt att belysa personers upplevelser av att leva med MS för att kunnaförstå hur de uppfattar sjukdomen. Detta kan leda till en förbättrad ochpersoncentrerad vård där deras perspektiv är i centrum. Syfte med studien var attbelysa personer med MS och deras upplevelser av att leva med sin sjukdomMetod: En litteraturstudie baserad på elva studier med kvalitativ ansatsgenomfördes och data analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultat: Tre temanidentifierades som var fysiska och psykisk påverkan, att hitta copingstrategier ochpåverkat socialt liv. De flesta av personerna blev fysisk begränsade i derasförmåga till rörlighet men även emotionellt påverkade. Självbilden blev påverkadoch kroppen kändes främmande. Familjeroller förändrades där majoriteten kändesig misslyckade i sina tidigare roller. Personerna upplevde att andra människorinte förstod sjukdomen och hade fördomar om den sjuka individen. På grund avbegränsningar blev det av vikt att planera vardagen för att orka och spara energi.De flesta fann hopp och var villiga att acceptera sjukdomen samt lära sig att levamed det. Konklusion: Symtom på MS varierar mycket och är känd för sinoförutsägbarhet. Det är viktigt som sjuksköterska att kunna identifiera personernasbehov av vård på ett personscentrerat sätt.

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  • 16.
    Alexandra, Gustafsson
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Emma, Franzén
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Sveriges mest kommersiella liga och det traditionella supporterskapet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how the supporters' clubs of the SHL associations view the management of the supporters in order to further connect it to the commercial direction of the SHL-associations. To answer the purpose, two questions have arisen in the form of 1) How do the supporter clubs in the SHL feel that their respective ice hockey associations treat them? and 2) What similarities and differences are there between different SHL associations' handling of the supporters? Information collection took place through semi-structured interviews with respondents active in supporter clubs. The analysis method thematic analysis was used where three main themes in the form of 1) communication, 2) general supportership and 3) the relationship between the supporters' clubs and the association emerged. In the conducted analysis, the theoretical frameworks of McDonaldization and hegemony were followed with connections to the previous research and information gathering. Results that emerged during the study were that in order for the soft values of the supporters to be achieved, they need to feel heard and respected, which shows the importance of a functioning communication between the supporters' club and the SHL-associations. Furthermore, the result emerged that the supporter clubs that have a good communication and relationship with the SHL-associations have an increased understanding of the commercial decisions.

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  • 17.
    Alfredsson, Linda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Bergendal Sterner, Sonja
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård inom primärvården: Erfarenheter av arbetet med psykisk ohälsa på vårdcentral2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ungefär en tredjedel av de patienter som söker vård inom primärvården gör det på grund av psykisk ohälsa. Det är av vikt att primärvården är anpassad och bemannad för att hantera psykisk ohälsa eftersom primärvården ska vara ingången för all typ av ohälsa i befolkningen. Tidigare studier visar att sjuksköterskor i primärvården upplever en kunskapsbrist i psykiatri som kan riskera att bemötandet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa blir stigmatiserande. Rekryteringen av specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård i primärvården ter sig som en relativt ny företeelse. Det finns inga svenska studier som beskriver deras roll och funktion på vårdcentral eller deras upplevelse av arbetet i primärvård. Syfte: Att undersöka erfarenheterna hos specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård av arbetet på vårdcentral med patienter som söker vård för psykisk ohälsa. Metod: Specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård (N=11) vid nio vårdcentraler i Region Skånes regi intervjuades med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Dataanalysen genomfördes med kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman (2004). Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fem kategorier: mötet med patienten med psykisk ohälsa, arbetar självständigt, värdesätter teamarbete, samverkar med specialistpsykiatrin, och besitter värdefull kompetens. Det latenta innehållet i kategorierna formulerades i temat “Unik roll där specialistkompetensen används”. Konklusion: De allra flesta intervjuade specialistsjuksköterskorna i psykiatrisk vård upplevde att de använde sin specialistkompetens i stor utsträckning och att det fanns ett stort behov av deras kompetens. De beskrev en mycket självständig roll med stort eget ansvar. Betydelsen av lång och bred erfarenhet, utöver specialistutbildningen och kunskap i samtalsmetodik, betonades.       

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  • 18.
    Alhaffar, Marwan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sadja, Abdalsatar
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av kommunikation med personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is a chronic public disease that affects millions of people around the world. The disease causes severe cognitive impairment in, among other things, the ability to speak, the ability to act and the ability to communicate. People with dementia suffer from obstacles in their ability to communicate, both verbal and non-verbal communication, which leads to people having challenges in expressing themselves and taking in information from the environment. Impaired communication skills can challenge and affect nurses' main task, which is person-centered nursing. Aim: The aim of the study is to compile nurses' experience of communication with people with dementia. Method: The literature study was conducted with ten qualitative scientific articles. The articles were retrieved from two databases, Cinahl and PubMed, and have been reviewed based on SBU's quality review template. Result: Three main themes and five sub-themes are presented to answer the purpose of the study. The three main themes were Nurses' experiences of communication with patients with dementia, Adapted communication for people with dementia, Common language in the nurse-patient meeting. The results were then divided into four sub-themes: Body language, facial expressions and body contact, clear and clear communication, A white lie, the impact of the health care environment on communication and Mother tongue. Conclusion: Communication is thus central to being able to care for patients with dementia. It is the job of nurses to carry out nursing care, where communication plays a crucial role in the care of people with dementia.

  • 19.
    Alhaj, Adam
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Lundberg, Ellenor
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Att leva med prostatacancer.: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prostate Cancer is one of the most common cancers among men with over 1,4 million incidents in the year 2020 worldwide. It’s significant that nurses understand lifestyle changes related to medical treatment and complications. By increasing this knowledge nurses can offer person-centered care and customized care to each patient's unique needs. There are many treatment options, and every treatment has its complications that can affect a man's life severely. Nurses play a crucial role in helping those men. It's crucial with person-centered-care to reduce suffering in patients.

    Aim: The purpose of this literature review is to comprehensively map and synthesize the existing literature on men's experiences to live with prostate cancer

    Methods: This literature study is based on twelve scientific articles with aqualitative approach. The articles were retrieved from two databases that specify in nursing and were analyzed using three steps which involves identifying the result and breaking it down into different aims until themes and subcategories submerge. The articles were evaluated for quality using SBU review temple.

    Results: From the analysis two themes emerged: A changed self-image and Strategies to manage everyday life, and based on them six subcategories were identified.

    Conclusion: Men living with prostate cancer suffer physically, mentally, and emotionally. Sexuality and body image are common concerns for prostate cancer patients. Information is of great importance, where the nurses play a decisive role. Men feel like they don't get enough support from the environment.

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  • 20.
    Alin, Faduma
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att stödja patienter med diabetes typ 2 till egenvård: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 21.
    Alm, Alexander
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Eborn, Samantha
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med psykisk sjukdompå somatiska avdelningar: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alm, A & Eborn, S. Nurses’ experiences of caring for people with mental illness in somatic departments. A literature review. Degree Project in nursing 15 credit points, Malmö University: Faculty of Health and Society, Department of Care Science, 2023. Background: Since the mid-90s, the number of full-day psychiatric places has decreased sharply, which has resulted in more and more patients with mental illness seeking and being cared for in somatic wards. The nurses who work in the somatic departments are expected to use a person-centred approach to provide the best care possible. Aim: The aim is to highlight how nurses who work in somatic care experience the care of patients with mental illness. Method:A literature study based on 12 scientific articles with a qualitative approach. The databases Cinahl, PubMed and PsycInfo have been used for obtaining material. The analysis has been carried out according to Popenoe et al.'s systematic method for data analysis. The articles have been quality reviewed according to SBU's review template. Results: The following six categories were identified: 1) Limited care environment 2) The importance of support and cooperation 3) A time-consuming patient group 4) Experiences of inadequacy in care 5) The importance of communication 6) Try to meet the nursing need.Conclusion: The nurses felt that patients with mental illness are a resource-demanding patient group, which resulted in the nurses feeling the need to provide more care to them than the other somatic patients. The nurses also felt that the patients were using the system to their advantage, which resulted in a reluctance to care for the patients more than what was absolutely necessary.

  • 22.
    Alm, Jens
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Storm, Rasmus K.
    From Standard to Directive: A Case Study on the Peculiar Policy Processes of Danish Stadium Funding2017In: Journal of Global Sports Management, ISSN 2470-4067, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 293-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003, the Danish Football Association introduced a new club licensing system for its first-tier clubs. Among the criteria for the system was a requirement for clubs to play at a stadium with a minimum capacity of 10,000 spectators. This paper aims to understand how the Danish Football Association and the Danish league clubs have succeeded in their efforts to make their licensing criteria a public concern by standardizing them at a municipal level. It presents a case study examining how the policy process surrounding the decision of building a new stadium in the Danish village Hobro changed – in a peculiar way – what in institutional theory is understood as a (voluntary) standard into a directive for Mariagerfjord Municipality. The case is illustrative of policy processes regarding stadium funding in other parts of Denmark and most likely in other Scandinavian countries.

  • 23.
    Alm, Ludvig
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Pattenden, Christin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Patienters upplevelse av psykisk hälsa efter kritisk sjukdom: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An increasing number of patients survive critical illness due to medical advancements. Current research indicates that patients often find the acute phase of illness emotionally challenging, experiencing stress and uncertainty. It is known that critical illness and intensive care lead to physical consequences long after hospitalization, negatively impacting patients' recovery. With knowledge of patients' post-critical illness health experiences, nurses can tailor care to provide support for optimal recovery. Aim: To illuminate how patients' experiences of mental health are affected after critical illness. Method: A literature review based on twelve articles with a qualitative approach was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Results: Participants' experiences of mental health after critical illness are presented in five main categories: gratitude, vulnerability, worry and fear, fatigue, and identity changes. Conclusion: Participants' mental health experiences were influenced by gratitude for survival and the support received. However, vulnerability, worry, fatigue, and a need to reshape identity were common experiences leading participants to alter their self-perception and life perspectives. The importance of patients feeling understood and offered support from both healthcare and relatives has emerged and person-centered care and a holistic approach are highlighted as important factors in meeting the complex needs that arise after critical illness.

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  • 24.
    Almeida Sundell, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Intranationella migrationserfarenheter bland simmare på riksidrottsgymnasium under Covid-192023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Athletes between the ages of 16-18 are increasingly migrating to other locations within Sweden with the ambition to continue their athletic careers in parallel with their secondary education, such as through a national sports high school [RIG]. However, migration among such young athletes represents an uncertain investment and is accompanied, from a migration perspective, by several challenges of adjustment, as well as psychological, psychosocial, and academic challenges. The RIG system is intended to ease this transition by offering a good education alongside athletic development. During Covid-19, the migration adjustment that RIG students are expected to make was made more difficult by several restrictions. While some studies have been conducted on the impact of the pandemic on both students and athletes, none have been conducted on individuals who are also pursuing dual careers and migrated during the pandemic, such as RIG students. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine RIG students' experiences and perceptions of the move and adjustment to a new environment during Covid-19, with the goal of understanding how the pandemic affected migration and how individuals were able to overcome the obstacles and challenges they faced. This was made possible by conducting a case study on RIG swimmers from Helsingborg and Jönköping. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted with RIG swimmers, which were later analyzed through a thematic analysis. Bourdieu's theoretical framework and concepts of capital, habitus, field, and illusio guided the thematic analysis and subsequent discussion. The results show that RIG swimmers experienced different difficulties in adapting based on the resources and previous conditions they possessed. Different types of capital ownership also meant different types of adaptations, which in the longer term affected motivation positively or negatively. All students, regardless of their capital ownership, experienced challenges in distance learning, discipline and routines, as well as a lack of community. The study therefore concludes that RIG students' adaptation depends on how much capital they possess within the new field and how strong a sense of illusio they have. In the longer term, the study highlights the importance of finding sustainable ways to support career opportunities for young athletes, even during a societal crisis such as Covid-19.

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  • 25.
    Almestål, Anna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Johansson, Jennifer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS).
    Kvinnors upplevelser av sin sexuella hälsa upp till sju år efter förlossning: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are several factors that affect women's sexual health, among those are biological and physiological wellbeing and gender. Furthermore gender is derived from society’s values that comes from history, politics, socio-economic prerequisites among other things. Previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and a lack of follow-up of women’s sexual health the years after childbirth. The purpose of this study is to get a deeper understanding of women’s experiences of their sexual health the years after childbirth.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to compile previous studies about women's experienced sexual health up til seven years after childbirth. This is done through the question “How do women experience their sexual health the years after childbirth?”

    Method: This is a qualitative literature review that contains twelve articles. The inclusion criteria is previous healthy women with no pathological pregnancies, women who experienced episiotomy or cesarean section during childbirth. However, twins and spontaneous sphincter tears of the 3de or 4th degree have been excluded. This studies scope is limited to the first seven years after childbirth. The articles are written in swedish or english and published between 1960- 2020. Latent content analysis is used to analyse the material.

    Result: Many women experience a loss in sexual health the years after childbirth. It depends on several different things such as physical changes, breast feeding, the impact of having a child, changes in relationships and how women experience the meeting with health care. All of this is presented through the four themes of our study.

    Conclusion: There is a general loss in sexual health among women after childbirth and they wish for better support from health care professionals. To meet this demand healthcare professionals need more knowledge and to actually apply it. Furthermore, a deeper understanding how gender affects women’s sexual health is needed.

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  • 26.
    Almqvist, Julia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Bengtsson, Julius
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Omvårdnad av vuxna med övervikt och fetma.: En litteraturstudie som beskriver sjuksköterskans erfarenheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Overweight and obesity are considered one of the biggesthealth problems of our time. Despite existing guidelines for preventive work, the increase continues and today affects more than 1.9 billion people worldwide, and entails an increased risk of developing sequelae such as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease. The nurse has a central role in the nursing care, and the prevalence of the disease means that the registered nurse can meet this group of patients in different instances in the care chain. Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to illustrate the nurses' experiences of caring for overweight and obese adults with focus on promoting health. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review with a qualitative approach. With the databases Cinahl and Pubmed, twelve scientific articles were generated which were used to answer the purpose of the study in the result. Selected studies were reviewed using the SBU's review template and analyzed using metasynthesis. Result: The result highlighted the factors that influenced the nurse's work with the patient group. The factors led to the identification of three main themes: organization and collaboration in teams, knowledge and education, as well as attitudes and treatment. Based on the three main themes, another seven sub-themes could be identified, which enabled a deeper insight into how the nursing care was affected. Conclusion: Overweight and obesity are a complex health condition that can be caused by several different aspects. The complexity can result in that the nurse's knowledge is not sufficient, which places demands on well-functioning transcendence work between different professions. Attitudes and prejudices have a negative impact on the work, which leads to poorer care and increases the workload. More resources in the form of time, materials, training and guidelines are needed for the nurses to be able to offer good care to the group of patients.

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  • 27.
    Almström, Anna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Stein, Mia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Hur påverkar arbetsmiljön patientsäkerheten - sjuksköterskans erfarenheter: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Årligen i Sverige uppskattas tio procent av patienterna drabbas av vårdskada. Inom hälso- och sjukvården är resursbrist och hög arbetsbelastning vanligt förekommande samtidigt som sjuksköterskan befinner sig i en arbetsmiljö med krav på att upprätthålla patientsäkerheten. Det är av vikt att den grundutbildade sjuksköterskan har förståelse för på vilket sätt arbetsmiljön påverkar patientsäkerheten för att kunna bedriva säker vård som tillgodoser patientens grundläggande behov. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa hur sjuksköterskan erfar att arbetsmiljön påverkar patientsäkerheten.Metod: Litteraturstudien bygger på tolv vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna är hämtade från databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och Psykinfo. Analysen har utgått från innehållsanalys och artiklarna har kvalitetsgranskats. Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades: Organisation och ledning, Fysisk och Psykisk påverkan, Bemanning och arbetsbelastning samt Teamarbete och kommunikation.Konklusion: Studien lyfter flera olika faktorer i sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö som påverkar patientsäkerheten. Utmärkande var framförallt personalbrist och hög arbetsbelastning, vidare betonas att god kommunikation och fungerande teamarbete har positiv påverkan som bidrar till att sjuksköterskan kan tillgodose patientens grundläggande behov. För att förbättra sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö och upprätthålla god och säker vård krävs åtgärder på såväl organisatorisk nivå som på individnivå. Litteraturstudien genererar en ökad förståelse för arbetsmiljöns betydelse för såväl sjuksköterskans personliga hälsa som patientens säkerhet. 

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  • 28.
    Almén, Joel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Hansen, Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Livet med ADHD och att erhålla diagnos i vuxen ålder: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background The number of people diagnosed with ADHD has increased steadily over the past 15 years. It has been shown that many have been diagnosed first as an adult. In recent years, research has shown the experience of a lower quality of life in adults with ADHD as well as several consequences of untreated ADHD such as divorce, increased risk of addiction, car accidents, accidental injuries, depression, anxiety, and suicide.

    Aim The aim of the literature study was to compile experiences of ADHD in people who received the diagnosis in adulthood.

    Method Literature review with qualitative design. Based on the perspective of adults with ADHD, a total of ten scientific articles from the PsycInfo and Cinahl databases were reviewed. Data were extracted, translated, condensed, coded and thematized based on basic content analysis.

    Results The analysis of the results of the studies resulted in three main themes: ADHD affected life which describes the impact of ADHD, The significance of the diagnosis and the winding road talks about thoughts and feelings of being diagnosed, and Experiences of strategy, care and treatment which depicts the coping strategies of symptoms and difficulties as well as experiences of offered care.

    Conclusion Experiences of symptoms and difficulties related to ADHD can differ greatly between people and gender. Something that has to be understood in order to enable work based on person-centred care. Stigma and negative experiences of healthcare are seen to be caused by lack of understanding and unawareness. Why the importance of attitude change in society is seen as crucial for good quality of life and to be treated well. One knowledge gap that was seen was women's experience of the cause of later diagnosis, here continued research is needed.

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  • 29.
    Al-Nahar, Lina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Structural otherism and the pandemic transmission: A qualitative study on Covid-19, non-European immigrants’ life conditions and health inequality in Sweden2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 30.
    Amroussia, Nada
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Providing sexual and reproductive health services to migrants in Southern Sweden: a qualitative exploration of healthcare providers' experiences2022In: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1562-, article id 1562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: While a large body of research has focused on the challenges experienced by healthcare staff when providing sexual and reproductive health services, little attention has been paid to the ways healthcare providers navigate these challenges. This study examined healthcare providers' accounts of encounters when providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services to migrants in Southern Sweden. It sought to examine challenges and dilemmas experienced by healthcare providers, strategies used to navigate these challenges and dilemmas, and assumptions underlying participants' accounts.

    METHODS: The data collection was conducted between September 2020 and March 2021. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyze thirty-one interviews with healthcare providers working in youth clinics and women healthcare clinics. The analysis was guided by a conceptual framework combining person-centered care approach, Foucault's concepts on power/knowledge, and theories to navigate diversity in healthcare setting: cultural competency and cultural humility.

    RESULTS: Three themes were identified in the analysis: 1) Between person centeredness and cultural considerations; 2) Knowledge positions and patient involvement; and 3) beyond the dyadic interaction healthcare provider-patient. Some participants understood person-centered care as individualized care where the influence of culture on the encounter should be de-emphasized, whereas others tended to highlight this influence. Many participants viewed the influence of culture as primarily driven by migrants' cultural backgrounds, and as a source of challenges and dilemmas. Participants' strategies to navigate these perceived challenges and dilemmas included practicing cultural humility and seeking cultural competency. Knowledge positions also emerged as an important aspect of participants' accounts of encounters with migrants. Many participants experienced that migrant patients were lacking knowledge about the body and sexuality. This disadvantaged knowledge position affected migrant involvement in care. Additionally, the study shows how participants placed their experiences in a broader organizational and social context. Participants highlighted several organizational challenges to encountering migrants and discussed dilemmas stemming from the interplay between migrants' structural and individual disadvantages.

    CONCLUSIONS: The study findings illuminate the complex links between person-centered care and two important dimensions of the encounters with migrants: culture and knowledge positions. They also shed the light on the organizational and structural challenges surrounding these encounters. These findings suggest that multilevel strategies are needed to improve the quality of encounters when providing SRH services to migrants. These strategies could include ensuring universal access to SRH services to migrants, adjusting the encounter duration when interpretation is needed, and providing necessary resources to healthcare providers to build their structural competency.

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  • 31.
    Amroussia, Nada
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). Department of Women’s and Children’s health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holmström, Charlotta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS).
    Ouis, Pernilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Social Work (SA). Malmö University, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies (CSS). School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Migrants in Swedish sexual and reproductive health and rights related policies: a critical discourse analysis2022In: International Journal for Equity in Health, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Previous research has shown that migrants in Sweden are disadvantaged in terms of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). SRHR policies might play a crucial role in shaping migrants’ SRHR outcomes. The purpose of the study was to critically examine: a) how migrants were represented in the discourses embedded within Swedish SRHR-related policies, and b) how migrants’ SRHR-related issues were framed and addressed within these discourses.

    Methods

    Critical discourse analysis (CDA) was used to analyze a total of 54 policy documents. Following Jäger’s approach to CDA, discourse strands and entanglements between different discourse strands were examined.

    Results

    Our findings consisted of three discourse strands: 1) “Emphasizing vulnerability”, 2) “Constructing otherness”, and 3) “Prioritizing the structural level or the individual level?”.

    Migrants’ representation in Swedish SRHR-related policies is often associated with the concept of vulnerability, a concept that can hold negative connotations such as reinforcing social control, stigma, and disempowerment. Alongside the discourse of vulnerability, the discourse of otherness appears when framing migrants’ SRHR in relation to what is defined as honor-related violence and oppression. Furthermore, migrant SRHR issues are occasionally conceptualized as structural issues, as suggested by the human rights-based approach embraced by Swedish SRHR-related policies. Relevant structural factors, namely migration laws and regulations, are omitted when addressing, for example, human trafficking and HIV/AIDS.

    Conclusions

    We conclude that the dominant discourses favor depictions of migrants as vulnerable and as the Other. Moreover, despite the prevailing human rights-based discourse, structural factors are not always considered when framing and addressing migrants’ SRHR issues. This paper calls for a critical analysis of the concept of vulnerability in relation to migrants’ SRHR. It also highlights the importance of avoiding othering and paying attention to the structural factors when addressing migrants’ SRHR.

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  • 32.
    Anderberg, Jessika
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Ståhl, Anna
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av trycksårsprevention inom slutenvården: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A pressure ulcer is an injury to the skin and underlying tissue that can occur after pressure or shear. Patients who suffer from pressure ulcers express that it causes great physical, psychological and social suffering. The nurse is responsible for the nursing work where pressure ulcer prevention is part of the preventive work and includes risk assessment, skin assessment and regular repositioning. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to shed light on nurses' experiences of pressure ulcer prevention in inpatient care. Method: Qualitative literature study based on 10 articles with a qualitative study design obtained from the databases Cinahl and Pubmed. The results of the selected articles were analyzed by conventional content analysis. Result: Through the content analysis, main categories and subcategories were crystallized from the results of the articles. The result was formed into two main categories: Care team and Work environment and six subcategories: Prevention, Communication, Nurse, Patient, Organizational factors and High workload. Conclusion: Nurses had experience that the care team and the caregiver's organizational responsibility had a decisive importance in the work with pressure ulcer prevention.

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  • 33.
    Anderberg, Julius
    et al.
    Malmö Universitet.
    Attila Rundqvist, Alexander
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Effekten av fysisk aktivitet på biomarkörer för klinisk depression, en strukturerad, kvantitativ litteraturanalys med implikationer för framtida behandling.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to do a structured analysis of the literature on biomarkers for major depressive disorder (MDD) and how these biomarkers may be modulated by physical activity (PA). This with implications for future treatment of mild to moderate MDD with PA. The method was quantitative and followed guidelines for conducting a simplified meta-analysis. The study analyzed 37 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that covered a total of 911 individuals doing PA. Articles on biomarkers that are previously well established in their relationship with MDD were collected in a structured way, following strict criteria. Results were achieved using statistical methods for calculating the average effect size (ES) and average mean difference (Δ%) for the biomarkers as a result of PA. BDNF showed an effect size of 0.81 ± 1.09 and an average mean difference of +61.7 ± 112.20 %. CRP showed an effect size of 0.35 ± 0.28 and an average mean difference of -18 ± 13.69 %. Cortisol showed an effect size of 0.09 ± 0.75 and an average mean difference of -2.9 ± 17.30 %. Serotonin showed an effect size of 0.39 ± 0.54 and an average mean difference of -11.53 ± 21.10 %. Testosterone showed an effect size of 0.59 ± 1.46 and an average mean difference of +6.50 ± 20.04 %. The conclusion was that PA had a large effect on BDNF and can be used as a diagnostic- and follow-up tool for patients with MDD treated with PA. PA has a small but consistent effect on CRP which therefore can be used in conjunction with other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. PA showed no effect on cortisol and can therefore be considered to be irrelevant as a diagnostic- and follow-up tool for patients with MDD treated with PA. PA had a small but relatively consistent effect on serotonin which therefore can be used in conjunction with other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. PA had a moderate and relatively inconsistent effect on testosterone which therefore can be used in conjunction with several other outcome measures to diagnose and follow up patients with MDD treated with PA. On the basis of these conclusions PA can be a valuable tool for improving some biomarkers for MDD (BDNF, CRP, serotonin & testosterone). Hopefully this study can provide a basis for further research as well as an addition to first line treatment for mild to moderate MDD with PA. 

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  • 34.
    Anderberg, Peter
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för hälsa.
    Björling, Gunilla
    Swedish Red Cross University College, SWE.
    Stjernberg, Louise
    Swedish Red Cross University College, SWE.
    Bohman, Doris
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Institutionen för hälsa.
    Analyzing nursing students’ relation to electronic health and technology as individuals and students and in their future career (the ENURSED study): Protocol for a longitudinal study2019In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 21, no 10, article id e14643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The nursing profession has undergone several changes in the past decades, and new challenges are to come in the future; patients are now cared for in their home, hospitals are more specialized, and primary care will have a key role. Health informatics is essential in all core competencies in nursing. From an educational perspective, it is of great importance that students are prepared for the new demands and needs of the patients. From a societal point of view, the society, health care included, is facing several challenges related to technological developments and digitization. Preparation for the next decade of nursing education and practice must be done, without the advantage of certainty. A training for not-yet-existing technologies where educators should not be limited by present practice paradigms is desirable. This study presents the design, method, and protocol for a study that investigates undergraduate nursing students’ internet use, knowledge about electronic health (eHealth), and attitudes to technology and how experiences of eHealth are handled during the education in a multicenter study. Objective: The primary aim of this research project is to describe the design of a longitudinal study and a qualitative substudy consisting of the following aspects that explore students’ knowledge about and relation to technology and eHealth: (1) what pre-existing knowledge and interest of this area the nursing students have and (2) how (and if) is it present in their education, (3) how do the students perceive this knowledge in their future career role, and (4) to what extent is the education capable of managing this knowledge? Methods: The study consists of two parts: a longitudinal study and a qualitative substudy. Students from the BSc in Nursing program from the Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden, and from the Swedish Red Cross University College, Stockholm/Huddinge, Sweden, were included in this study. Results: The study is ongoing. Data analysis is currently underway, and the first results are expected to be published in 2019. Conclusions: This study presents the design of a longitudinal study and a qualitative substudy. The eHealth in Nursing Education eNursEd study will answer several important questions about nursing students’ attitudes toward and use of information and communications technology in their private life, their education, and their emerging profession. Knowledge from this study will be used to compare different nursing programs and students’ knowledge about and relation to technology and eHealth. Results will also be communicated back to nursing educators to improve the teaching of eHealth, health informatics, and technology. ©Peter Anderberg, Gunilla Björling, Louise Stjernberg, Doris Bohman.

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  • 35. Andersen, Wiveka
    et al.
    Ingvarsson, Anna
    Vuxenlivet med ADHD:Upplevelser och behov för stöd och förståelse: En litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) belongs to the group of neuropsychiatric disorders. The core symptoms of adults with ADHD involve difficulties with attention with or without concomitant impulsivity and overactivity. The expressions and consequences of ADHD are characterized by what demands and expectations you have on yourself and what the current life situation looks like. ADHD can cause many worries and challenges in everyday life in different ways and cause physical, mental and social problems. In the meeting with this patient group, the nurse should perform individualized care with a holistic approach to meet the needs of these patients. Aim: The purpose of this literature study was to highlight how people with ADHD experience the impact of the neuropsychiatric impairment in adulthood. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach. The articles are retrieved via the databases Cinahl and Psycinfo. The articles have been reviewed according to SBU: s review template for studies with qualitative methodology and the data analysis has been carried out according to Popenoe's recommendations. Result: The result is based on analysis of 12 qualitative articles. The analysis resulted in three main categories Feeling different, Comfort and support, Quality of life and six subcategories. Conclusion:The results showed that living with ADHD in adulthood can be both positive and negative. These people often have an increased comorbidity with experiences of exclusion and struggle with low self-esteem. Care and public knowledge of these people's experiences should be increased in order to provide person-centered care and thus avoid unnecessary suffering.

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  • 36.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Lindborg, Ida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Icke-invasiva omvårdnadsåtgärder för patienter med obstipation på äldreboende som är 65 år och äldre: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being constipated means physical and mental suffering that negatively affects the quality of life. Impaired fluid intake, low-fiber diet, immobilization, illness and medication are risk factors for constipation. Old age and female gender mean a further increased risk of being affected. The most common treatment methods for constipation are laxatives which can be difficult to balance as well as the invasive treatments enema and manual evacuation which for the elderly can be experienced as very stressful. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to shed light on non-invasive nursing measures for patients with constipation living in nursing homes aged 65 years and older. Method: This study was conducted as a literature review with a quantitative approach. Ten scientific articles were selected of which four were randomized trials and six were non-randomized trials. The studies underwent a quality review in which five articles were graded as grade I, which refers to high study quality, and five as grade II, which refers to medium-high study quality. Using the analysis, four themes were identified; healthy bacteria as a nursing measure, dietary supplements as a nursing measure, external influences as a nursing measure and individualized nursing measures which structured the results. Results: Nursing measures in the form of healthy bacteria, dietary supplements, external influences and individualized nursing resulted in a good therapeutic effect against constipation. Constipation-related symptoms decreased, quality of life improved and administration of laxatives, enemas and manual evacuation were reduced. Conclusion: The results of the literature review showed that non-invasive nursing measures exists that nurses can implement to treat constipation in nursing homes in Sweden. The nursing measures require acceptance, time and willingness from both patient and nursing staff for implementation.

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  • 37.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Lundberg, Frida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Anhöriga till palliativt vårdade patienter vid livets slut: En litteraturstudie över anhörigas upplevelser i hemsjukvården2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Stjernborg, Kevin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Giftfri: En mobilapplikation som varnar för farliga kemikalier i kosmetika2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemicals in cosmetics are dangerous for both humans and the environment. Multiple studies and reports estimate that Sweden will not reach its climate goals, in large part because of the usage of chemicals. The law meant to protect humans and nature against chemicals is flawed since it is based on a state of knowledge that is flawed. Mobile applications which are meant to increase awareness of chemical usage are flawed in scope, functionality and credibility.

     

    The purpose of this study is to develop a mobile application which improves upon the flaws identified in existing mobile applications. The study uses design science research methodology, DSRM, to develop the artefact. DSRM is an iterative process with six steps where the development process is documented. The study is carried out with the company Consid AB which acts as stakeholders for the research project. The mobile application is evaluated in a descriptive method and analyzed by the authors of the study.

     

    The results of the study show that the functional flaws identified from existing applications are possible to improve and that the developed application highlights chemicals with the flawed state of knowledge in mind.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Anton
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Persson, Jennifer
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    How the aftermath of secondary traumatic stress show itself in nurses.: A literature review2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses face many challenges in the nursing profession. One challenge is the ability to handle patient trauma and at the same time, as a nurse, process their trauma. With more awareness about how secondary traumatic stress shows itself in nurses and its aftermath, the stress can be identified in earlier stages. Aim: The aim of this literature review is to map how the aftermath of secondary traumatic stress show itself in nurses, described by nurses. Method: This study has been designed as a qualitative literature review with searches carried out in the databases CINAHL and PubMed. The mapping resulted in ten articles that were reviewed for their quality. Result: The metasynthesis of the identified articles resulted in seven subthemes, desire to leave nursing, providing insufficient care, teamwork, depersonalization, emotional distress, lack of resources and knowledge deficit. Conclusion: When the secondary traumatic stress overpowers the nurse, it may result in the nurse leaving its profession. Future research should thereby focus on methods that support the nurses exposed to secondary traumatic stress and lessen their feeling of exhaustion. Methods that help not only the nurses but also the patients they care for.

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  • 40.
    Andersson, Claes
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Personalized normative feedback interventions targeting hazardous alcohol use and alcohol-related risky sexual behavior in Swedish university students: A randomized controlled replication trial2020In: Addictive Behaviors Reports, ISSN 2352-8532, Vol. 12, article id 100300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study replicates two US intervention studies using personalized normative feedback (PNF) on alcohol-related risky sexual behavior (RSB).

    Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 654 Swedish university students were assigned to an alcohol only intervention, an alcohol-related RSB only intervention, a combined alcohol and alcohol-related RSB intervention, an integrated alcohol and alcohol-related RSB intervention, or control. Follow-up assessments were made at 3 and 6 months post-intervention.

    Results: In comparison to controls, drinks per week were reduced at 3 months in the Alcohol Only, Combined, and Integrated intervention groups. Frequency and quantity of drinking before sex were reduced at 3- and 6-month follow-up for the Sex Only, Combined, and Integrated intervention groups. The Alcohol Only intervention showed significant results on frequency of drinking before sex at 3 months, and on quantity of drinking before sex at 6 months. The Combined intervention had reduced outcomes on alcohol-related consequences and on alcohol-related sexual consequences at both follow-ups. Alcohol Only and Integrated interventions showed effects on both outcomes regarding consequences at 6 months, and the Sex Only group showed effects on sexual consequences at 6 months.

    Conclusions: It is concluded that PNF interventions offer considerable positive effects, and could be used to reduce alcohol-related RSB in Swedish university students.

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  • 41.
    Andersson, Claes
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Skills Training for Reducing Risky Alcohol Use in App Form Among Adult Internet Help-seekers2020In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 0883-6612, E-ISSN 1532-4796, Vol. 54, no S1, p. S418-S418Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Problematic alcohol use in Sweden occurs among 16 % of the adult population. Digital interventions of varying intensity have shown positive effects in contributing to reductions in problematic use, and the TeleCoach app has shown positive effects in non-treatment-seeking university students with excessive drinking (Gajecki et al., 2017). This pilot study evaluates the app among adult internet help-seekers. This pilot study evaluated the app among adult internet help-seekers, and motivated continued data collection in the current target group Methods: Adult internet-help seekers, recruited via advertisement, were included if they scored ³6 (women) or ³8 (men) on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Those with depression scores of ³31 on the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S) or problematic drug use scores of ³8 on the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) were contacted for a telephone interview and included following clinical assessment; if not reached they were excluded. Participants randomized at a 1:1 ratio to the TeleCoach™ web-based app or to a web-based app with information texts from primary care-based self-help material for changing problematic alcohol use. At six-week follow-up, the primary outcome was the number of standard drinks per past week (Timeline-Followback). Results: Of 147 persons assessed for eligibility, 89 were assigned to the intervention group (n=42) or control group (n=47). Average AUDIT levels at baseline were ³18.The baseline number of standard drinks per week was 32.73 (SD 21.16) for the intervention group, and 26 (4.08) for the control group; at 6-week follow-up it was 12.73 (10.52) and 13.48 (11.13) for the intervention and control groups, respectively. No significant between-groups effects occurred, but withingroup changes over time were significant (F(1, 55)=43.98; p< 0.000), with an effect size of 1.37 for the intervention group and 0.92 for the control group. Conclusions: The results suggest that web-based apps can be of help to internet help-seekers motivated to reduce problematic alcohol use. We have proceeded with the planned larger randomized, controlled study and will present 6-week follow-up data for the entire study sample (n=∼1000) in this presentation.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). Uppsala Univ, Dept Psychol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Hlth Med & Caring Sci, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Molander, Olof
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindner, Philip
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Topooco, Naira
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Engström, Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Global Publ Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berman, Anne H.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Psychol, Uppsala, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Does the management of personal integrity information lead to differing participation rates and response patterns in mental health surveys with young adults?: A three-armed methodological experiment2021In: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, ISSN 1049-8931, E-ISSN 1557-0657, Vol. 30, no 4, article id e1891Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives This study evaluates whether initiation rates, completion rates, response patterns and prevalence of psychiatric conditions differ by level of personal integrity information given to prospective participants in an online mental health self-report survey. Methods A three-arm, parallel-group, single-blind experiment was conducted among students from two Swedish universities. Consenting participants following e-mail invitation answered the World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health-International College Student (WMH-ICS) mental health self-report survey, screening for eight psychiatric conditions. Random allocation meant consenting to respond (1) anonymously; (2) confidentially, or (3) confidentially, where the respondent also gave consent for collection of register data. Results No evidence was found for overall between-group differences with respect to (1) pressing a hyperlink to the survey in the invitation email; and (2) abandoning the questionnaire before completion. However, participation consent and self-reported depression were in the direction of higher levels for the anonymous group compared to the two confidential groups. Conclusions Consent to participate is marginally affected by different levels of personal integrity information. Current standard participant information procedures may not engage participants to read the information thoroughly, and online self-report mental health surveys may reduce stigma and thus be less subject to social desirability bias.

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  • 43.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Molander, Olof
    Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Granlund, Lilian
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Topooco, Naira
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Engström, Karin
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berman, Anne H.
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Associations between compliance with covid-19 public health recommendations and perceived contagion in others: a self-report study in Swedish university students2021In: BMC Research Notes, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 429Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: During the COVID pandemic, government authorities worldwide have tried to limit the spread of the virus. Sweden's distinctive feature was the use of voluntary public health recommendations. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of this strategy. Based on data collected in the spring of 2020, this study explored associations between compliance with recommendations and observed symptoms of contagion in others, using self-report data from university students.

    Results: Compliance with recommendations ranged between 69.7 and 95.7 percent. Observations of moderate symptoms of contagion in "Someone else I have had contact with" and "Another person" were markedly associated with reported self-quarantine, which is the most restrictive recommendation, complied with by 81.2% of participants. Uncertainty regarding the incidence and severity of contagion in cohabitants was markedly associated with the recommendation to avoid public transportation, a recommendation being followed by 69.7%. It is concluded that students largely followed the voluntary recommendations implemented in Sweden, suggesting that coercive measures were not necessary. Compliance with recommendations were associated with the symptoms students saw in others, and with the perceived risk of contagion in the student's immediate vicinity. It is recommended that voluntary recommendations should stress personal relevance, and that close relatives are at risk.

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  • 44.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Molander, Olof
    Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Granlund, Lilian
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Topooco, Naira
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Engström, Karin
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berman, Anne H
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Symptoms of COVID-19 contagion in different social contexts in association to self-reported symptoms, mental health and study capacity in Swedish university students.2022In: BMC Research Notes, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates if symptoms of COVID-19 contagion in different social contexts (cohabitants, family, acquaintances, and others) are associated with university students' own self-reported symptoms of COVID-19 contagion, mental health, and study capacity. This was investigated by a cross-sectional survey administrated in Sweden during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, at the time when universities were locked down to limit viral spread and contagion.

    RESULTS: Mild to moderate symptoms of COVID-19 in cohabitants and family members were associated with student's self-reported symptoms of contagion, while no associations could be seen in relation to mental health and study capacity. Symptoms of COVID-19 contagion in acquaintances and others were not associated with students' self-reported symptoms, nor with their mental health and study capacity. To conclude, during the initial lockdown of universities students' self-reported symptoms of contagion were mainly associated with cohabitants and family members, while symptoms of contagion in different social contexts were not associated with mental health and study capacity. Findings suggest that lockdown of universities may have contributed to limiting infection pathways, while still allowing students to focus on their studies despite significant contagion among others known to the student.

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  • 45.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR). Department of Psychology, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping university, Linköping, Sweden.
    Molander, Olof
    Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindner, Philip
    Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Granlund, Lilian
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Topooco, Naira
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping university, Linköping, Sweden.
    Engström, Karin
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berman, Anne H.
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden;Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, & Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Academic self-efficacy: Associations with self-reported COVID-19 symptoms, mental health, and trust in universities’ management of the pandemic-induced university lockdown2022In: Journal of American College Health, ISSN 0744-8481, E-ISSN 1940-3208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate perceived changes in academic self-efficacy associated with self-reported symptoms of COVID-19, changes in mental health, and trust in universities’ management of the pandemic and transition to remote education during lockdown of Swedish universities in the spring of 2020. Methods: 4495 participated and 3638 responded to self-efficacy questions. Associations were investigated using multinomial regression. Results: Most students reported self-experienced effects on self-efficacy. Lowered self-efficacy was associated with symptoms of contagion, perceived worsening of mental health and low trust in universities’ capacity to successfully manage the lockdown and transition to emergency remote education. Increased self-efficacy was associated with better perceived mental health and high trust in universities. Conclusion: The initial phase of the pandemic was associated with a larger proportion of students reporting self-experienced negative effects on academic self-efficacy. Since self-efficacy is a predictor of academic performance, it is likely that students’ academic performance will be adversely affected. 

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  • 46.
    Andersson, Claes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).
    Håkansson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Sciences Lund.
    Associations between Risk Factors in Late Adolescence and Problem Behaviors in Young Adulthood: A Six-Year Follow-Up of Substance Related and Behavioral Addictions in Swedish High School Seniors2021In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 23, article id 12766Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Risk factors of traditional substance use related problems in young adults are more well-known than for behavioral addictions such as gambling and gaming problems. The present study aims to provide knowledge about the longitudinal patters of substance use related and behavioral addictions in early adulthood. Methods: Using self-report surveys, substance-related, psychiatric, and demographic predictors were assessed in Swedish high school seniors and re-assessed six years later along with gambling and gaming problems, n = 800. Associations (Risk Ratios) between risk factors in late adolescence and problem behaviors in young adulthood were analyzed. Results: Tobacco use, illicit drug use, and hazardous drinking in young adulthood were associated with tobacco use, illicit drug use, alcohol use, conduct problems, and impaired impulse control in late adolescence. Gambling problems in young adulthood were only associated with heredity of alcohol problems, while gaming was not associated to any problem behavior in late adolescence. Conclusion: It is concluded that predictors for traditional substance-related addictions differ from predictors for behavioral addictions, and that this difference is more pronounced for gaming problems than for gambling problems.

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  • 47.
    Andersson, Ewa K.
    et al.
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dallora, Ana Luiza
    Department of Health, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Marcinowicz, Ludmila
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
    Stjernberg, Louise
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV). Swedish Red Cross University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Björling, Gunilla
    School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden;Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Faculty of Nursing, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Tanzania.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Department of Health, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden;School of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Bohman, Doris
    Department of Health, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden;Optentia Research Unit, Vanderbijlpark Campus, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa.
    Self-Reported eHealth literacy among nursing students in Sweden and Poland: The eNursEd cross-sectional multicentre study2023In: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 29, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to provide an understanding of nursing students’ self-reported eHealth literacy in Sweden and Poland. This cross-sectional multicentre study collected data via a questionnaire in three universities in Sweden and Poland. Descriptive statistics, the Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient, Mann–Whitney U, and Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to analyse different data types. Age (in the Polish sample), semester, perceived computer or laptop skills, and frequency of health-related Internet searches were associated with eHealth literacy. No gender differences were evidenced in regard to the eHealth literacy. Regarding attitudes about eHealth, students generally agreed on the importance of eHealth and technical aspects of their education. The importance of integrating eHealth literacy skills in the curricula and the need to encourage the improvement of these skills for both students and personnel are highlighted, as is the importance of identifying students with lacking computer skills.

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  • 48.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Garrison, Jim
    School of Education, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
    Embodying Meaning: Qualities, Feelings, Selective Attention, and Habits2016In: Quest (National Association for Physical Education in Higher Education), ISSN 0033-6297, E-ISSN 1543-2750, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 207-222Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, Högskolevägen, Sweden.
    The ‘body pedagogics’ of an elite footballer’s career path: analysing Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s biography2017In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 502-517Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Care Science (VV).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienter som inte följer den ordinerade läkemedelsordinationen.: En litteraturstudie i omvårdnad2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is a common problem in healthcare that patients do not take prescribed medication. This can have major consequences for the patients. It is important to investigate what nurses really know about the causes of patients' lack of adherence, as a correct understanding of the phenomenon means that the nurse can help the patient in the best way.Aim: The aim of the literature study was to compile nurses 'experiences of patients' non-compliance with prescribed drug treatment.Method: The essay is based on a literature study with a qualitative approach.Included studies were sought in the databases PubMed and CINAHL. A quality review, of relevant studies, was made based on SBU's quality review template. A content analysis was made of the articles, based on Forsberg and Wengström. A total of 10 articles were used in the present literature study.Results: The results showed that nurses largely explain patients' non-adherence with three main categories of causes: Patient-specific causes, causes in thepatient's environment and the relationship between the patient and the nurse.Conclusion: Nurses have a good idea of the causes of patients' difficulties or unwillingness to use prescribed medication. However, nurses attribute certain causal relationships to be more important than what other, patient-centeredresearch has shown. More research is needed to clarify the degree of nurses'insight into the problems of patients.

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