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  • 1.
    Aldaher, Sébastien
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    An Attempt to Set A design Base for post-conflict housing in the historic core of Homs, Syria2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The built environment in the old city of Homs has been brutally destroyed by the conflict in Syria. The research gap in post-conflict planning and architectural design in the old city of Homs is alarming as it indicates that there are no clear roadmaps on how to deal with post-conflict housing units in such a historic area. This study aims to investigate the possible design basis of housing typologies and plans for the housing units in the old city after the conflict.

    This study is primarily based on a literature review and extensive discussions with a specialist architect from the city of Homs, who helped to gain a deeper understanding of how to approach such a topic. The literature review deals with the historical Arab cities’ components and the elements of courtyard houses both in general and in the old city of Homs in particular. Likewise, it looks at the city’s urban plans and building code and their shortcomings and highlights the current conditions there. It also highlights proposed strategies for post-conflict construction and discusses them.

    The findings of the study propose a design ideology for reconstruction strategies and translate these ideologies and findings from the literature into a practical design of typologies placed on a proposed plot of land in the old city, along with a proposal of what the plans of these houses might look like.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Patching up houses and tenants in sustainable management: architecture as an asset in private property ownership2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following upon the Stockholm exposition in 1930 and the introduction of a new aesthetical and architectural thinking, some Swedish building companies and real estate owners fully embraced the new ideal. They started to assemble their own socio-political welfare ambitions concerning housing with additional services into housing projects. From 1930 to the beginning of the Million Housing Project in 1965, innovative building projects by either of these players, especially in the larger Swedish cities like Gothenburg, Malmö, and Stockholm, were realized. The project targeted different user groups in different ages, with different social background and preferences, stretching from collective housing to individualized design solutions. In these projects, both aesthetics and architecture played an essential role as material and immaterial assets for promoting the new housing and the long-term management of the estate. An often-used term in colloquial Swedish for this type of building with subsequent real-estate management is the Master Builder’s Management model, in the following MBM model.The MBM model refers to a former legal requirement of the first national Swedish building act of 1874 that building entrepreneurs had to be approved by the municipal building administration as means to avoid overcrowding in poorly built housing. Even after the reform of the building act in 1931, the title was associated with great societal esteem, but achieved during the rest of the 20th century a connotation of being either obsolete or representing building quality. The MBM model is in stark contrast to management models that have evolved since the 1990s. These models are influenced by new public management in which the practical knowledge of building and maintenance becomes secondary to financial calculations and predictions.Nevertheless, the large majority of privately owned Swedish rental housing companies are managed according to principles that can associated with the MBM model. These principles suggest a continuous maintenance in line with the aesthetical and architectural vision, careful alignment between tenant profile and type of flat, and financial planning based on building degradation and local knowledge of market. The present study is focused on a housing company in the city of Malmö which openly adheres to the MBM model. Preliminary findings suggest that the choice of management model can be related to a personal view by the company owners that is motivated by an emotional attachment to the building craft and the building itself. The combination of architecture and an engaged ownership constitutes a complex system of agency in which maintenance, tenants and mutual connections creates a specific being-in-the-world-ness of real estate management. This phenomenon seems to be an essential factor for creating successful smaller rental housing companies that are mainly active on a local market.

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  • 3.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Celinska, Karolina
    DHR.
    Bikeability or walkability?2023In: Urban Social Atlas Öresund, Vol. 1, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The physical configuration of an urban space is often best assessed when making a leisurely stroll on the streets. Most modern European cities reflect various ambitions for accessible pavements, supportive ground covers and usable pedestrian crossings, often aligned with national welfare goals for creating an inclusive environment for all. In this study, the authors have mapped the design of some streets in the vicinity of the Malmö University in Malmö, Sweden. With a narrative approach, the streets are evaluated in relation to their perceived level of accessibility and usability, and bike-friendliness versus its walk-friendliness.

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  • 4.
    Behramaj, Ermira
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö universitet.
    Vegetation, arkitektur och människan i den urbana miljön.: Påverkar de varandra?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cities are growing and more and more structures made up of different materials are being built, and with this follows the reduction of already existing green spaces. Trees are cut down and different plants are pulled out along with their roots and replaced by metal, concrete, clay etc. The spaces that used to be green and full of life are becoming increasingly grey and lifeless. Humans are building larger and larger cities, with high and massive buildings that are replacing the vegetation that was once present on the ground beneath them. The question that then arises is: How can we continue building and expanding our cities, without damaging and reducing the green spaces that already exist? An alternative can be the integration of greenery and vegetation on the building’s façade and on its rooftops, and at the same time create surfaces on different levels that can replace the ground beneath the building. 

    At the same time it is important to think about the impact that greenery has on us humans and on architecture. In Sweden, like in many other countries around the world, a large quantity of people choose to walk or stay where there is vegetation/greenery or like to take care of their garden and enjoy the beauty of it. Among beautiful and fragrant flowers and plants. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to both reflect on how one can integrate greenery in architecture, but also examine the impact that this form of integration can have on the human psyche and physical well-being.

    The results of the conducted study shows a positive impact of the integration of greenery on architecture, quantity, however, plays a large part for the respondents of the enquiry. Also the claims made by the experts within the field of architecture shows that this does in fact align with the work that they either have conducted in the past or the work that they are striving for. In addition, the results can through these be strengthened with the help of the theoretic background that supports the study conducted, where several researchers further the discussion in their research and highlight the importance of conducting more studies of this sort to ensure the importance of the subject at hand. The integration of greenery on facades and rooftops is becoming increasingly more relevant, even in Sweden. With this thesis, the study supervisor and author hope that the question is brought to light more and that more research is conducted within the Nordic, or more specifically the Swedish sector. 

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  • 5.
    Bülow-Hübe, Helena
    et al.
    FOJAB.
    Dubois, Marie-Claude
    Biosystems and Technology (BT), Swedish University of Agriculture Sciences.
    Hemphälä, Hillevi
    Lunds universitet – Avd. för ergonomi och aerosolteknologi, Inst. för designvetenskaper, LTH..
    Rogers, Paul
    ACC Glas och Fasadkonsult AB.
    Söderlund, Mikael
    ACC Glas och Fasadkonsult AB.
    Persson, Mats
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics (MTM).
    Ljus (dagsljus, solljus, utblick &belysning): en kunskapssammanställning2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kunskapssammanställning över bland annat regelverk, vägledningar och frivilligakrav för ljus, dagsljus, solljus, utblick och belysning visar att det finns många verktyg attta hjälp av för att styra kvaliteten inom området. Det är viktigt med robusta lösningar försådant som inverkar på människors hälsa.

    Vid stadsförtätning och maximering av markanvändning finns en risk att dagsljusnivåer ibefintliga byggnader minskar kraftigt. Många nya stadsdelar byggs med så hög täthet attdagsljustillgången inte lever upp till dagens krav i alla vistelserum. Kvantitativadagsljuskraven fungerar som en garant för att trender att rationalisera bort tillgång tilldagsljus och utblick inte drivs alltför långt.

    Det finns inslag i moderna byggprojekt som bidrar till lägre energianvändning somsamtidigt leder till lägre dagsljusinsläpp. Minskad fönsterarea ger som konsekvensminskad dagsljusnivå vilken i sin tur får följden att elektrisk belysning måste tändasoftare, särskilt på lägre våningar. Dagsljus är en fri/gratis ljus- och energikälla, sombidrar till resiliens vid elavbrott.

    Elektrisk belysning är ett relativt nytt fenomen. Glödlamporna och lysrören uppfannsomkring 1880 respektive 1930 dvs. för mindre än 150 år sedan. Före dessa uppfinningarvar alla byggnader belysta av dagsljus och byggplanerna och stadsplaneringen ritadesnoggrant för att säkerställa god tillgång till dagsljus.

    Med dagens energi- och elkris är det värt att poängtera att en av de viktigasteenergikällorna (dagsljus) och också styr tidsanpassning och påverkar utvecklingen avalla arter på jorden, inklusive människor, ända ner till cellnivå. Ny forskning publicerasvarje månad som visar hur varje band av den elektromagnetiska strålningen - från UVtill infraröd - är kopplad till dygnsrytmen och att dygnsrytmen är allmänt grundläggandeför hälsa.

    Det är viktigt att byggbranschen håller sig ajour med pågående medicinsk forskning omcirkadiska cykler och hur dagsljus, solljus, utblick och belysning på verkar hälsa.Nya rekommendationer kommer allt tätare.

    Många av de byggtekniska åtgärder som används för att reducera buller påverkardagsljustillgång och till en viss del även utblick negativt. Vid tekniskt samråd är det inteovanligt att akustikkrav väger tyngre än kraven på dagsljus samt utblick.

    Några av de senaste trenderna i utformningen av nya byggprojekt har lett till reduceradedagsljusnivåer inomhus (t.ex. oregelbunden och asymmetrisk placering av fönster,mörka fasadmaterial, avskärmning via fasadelement).

    Elektrisk belysning inomhus behöver utformas för att underlätta seendet, dvs. utanflimmer och bländning. En god visuell miljö minskar mängden ögonbesvär, huvudvärk,muskel och ledbesvär och kan påverka prestationsförmåga och produktivitet på ettpositivt sätt.

    I detaljplaner fastställs förutsättningarna för exploateringsgraden. Byggnadersmöjligheter att uppfylla krav på ljus, dagsljus, solljus och utblick ska prövas.Vid framtagande av detaljplaner är det därför viktigt att se till att kraven är möjliga attuppfyllas. Idag finns många verktyg som också lämpar sig för tidiga skeden, men det ärinte alltid som de tillämpas eller att exploateringsgraden anpassas till resultaten i destudier som görs. Vid hantering först vid startbesked är projekteringsarbetet långtframskridet och anmärkningar skulle få stora konsekvenser.

    När alla rum i kritiska lägen kontrolleras i projekteringen är det vanligt med avvikelserfrån kraven på dagsljusfaktor. En del kan lösas på ritbordet men inte allt. Ibland ärförutsättningarna för svåra och det går inte att hitta lösningar som tillgodoser alla krav.Djupa rum ger svårare förutsättningar än grunda rum, eftersom ljuset avtar kraftigt medavståndet från fönstret.

    I en tätt byggd stad har inte alla samma möjlighet att välja boende – högst upp i huseteller i gathuset där dagsljuset flödar. Mycket få föredrar mörkare bostäder men många ärberedda att kompromissa bort dagsljustillgången för att få tillgång till stadens puls.Dagsljus ska inte bara vara en lyx som privilegierade kan unna sig, det ska vara entillgängligt för alla.

    I tätbebyggda kvarter är det ofta en utmaning att efterleva regelverket. Dagsljuset i Sverige är relativt svagt, och lågt stående sol, dessutom ofta skymd av omgivandebyggnader, ger långa skuggor. Historien visar att svenska städer kan förse alla boendemed ljusa bostäder men om förtätandet fortsätter enligt samma mönster som tidigare såmåste både lagstiftare och planaktörer ha verktyg att förstå dess begränsningar.Misslyckas planeringen av framtidens städer finns en risk att hälsa och välmående för desom bor i den attraktiva kvartersstaden i all mening äventyras.

    Folkhälsomyndigheten och Arbetsmiljöverket utgår från att brist på dagsljus kan genegativa effekter för hälsan. Uppskattningsvis 80 % av levnadstiden spenderas inomhus.Det är en av anledningarna att miniminivåer för dagsljus i vistelserum är nödvändiga ibyggregler.

    Dagsljusfaktorn är ett bra mått för att bedöma tillgången av dagsljus. Dagsljusfaktornbeskrivs i en nyare standard där den bedöms över en yta och inte i en punkt.BBR hänvisar till föråldrade metoder. Ett kvantitativt dagsljuskrav säkerställer attvistelserum erhåller tillräckligt med dagsljus för att inte riskera människors hälsa.Byggnadens gestaltning får inte riskera människors tillgång till ett hälsosamtdagsljusinsläpp.

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  • 6. Gulma, Sadiq Abubakar
    Field Evaluation of Indoor Microclimates of Green and Bare Roofed Urban Buildings at No-Ventilation Condition in a Sub-Saharan Climate2014In: American Journal of Civil Engineering, ISSN 2330-8729, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 143-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing use of green roofs on urban buildings around the world with a focus on reducing energy consumption of buildings. Energy consumption of buildings results mostly from heating or cooling of indoor spaces. When mechanical air conditioners are operating, windows (natural ventilation) are shut. This paper studied 2 field models, one with a living green roof and the other left bare (conventional), both without any sensible or latent heat loss or gain via their ventilation systems. Microclimatic data was collected at the field for the 2 rooms for a period of 25 days. Two microclimate parameters, air temperature and relative humidity which determines the highest effect on indoor thermal comfort were compared for the two models and with the ambient conditions. Result shows that both air temperature and relative humidity of the room with the green roof were lower than the bare roofed house. Fluctuations were also minimal for the green roofed urban building.

  • 7.
    Kozak, Celine
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    SUSTAINABILITY OF MULTI-STORY WOOD BUILDINGS: Can the Swedish forestry keep up with the demand?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Wood has been traditionally used as a construction material in Nordic countries such as Sweden dating back to the 12th century. Using wood as a building material for the construction of buildings with more than two stories became the norm around the 1850s and has only increased with the pressing need for more sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives to materials such as concrete. The aim of this thesis is to bring attention to attitudes towards environmental, economic, and social sustainability of commercial multi-story wood buildings amongst industry professionals. Qualitative data was gathered through digitally conducted, semistructured interviews with six people from within fields related to carpentry, architecture, ecology, and forestry. Three buildings were briefly studied as a part of a case study on multi-story wood buildings: Fyrtornet in Malmö, Sweden, Sara 

    Cultural Centre in Skellefteå, Sweden, and The Oakwood Timber Tower in London, England. The results showed that the practice of constructing multi-story wood buildings wasn’t sustainable because of the intense short rotation forestry pushing ecosystems to extinction. Wood was still considered to be a good alternative to carbon intense materials such as concrete. Limitations include relying on only qualitative data as the methodology, for future research the author suggests conducting a comparative Life cycle assessment (LCA) with a cradle-to-cradle approach, as a way to study environmental impacts of timber versus other natural materials available in Sweden such as clay, straw and hemp.

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  • 8.
    Lindahl, Alma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sandin, Paula
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljonprogramsfasaden: Aldrig riva, aldrig ta bort eller ersätta, utan alltid lägga till, omvandla och återanvända.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the complexity of renovations and how they are carried out in an environmentally and socially sustainable way. The work is based on interviews with stakeholders in the area, dialogues with practitioners and exercises with residents, which has led to a design proposal. The project intends to demonstrate the importance of citizen dialogue and social sustainability, as well as a circular and sustainable mindset when renovating the facades of million housing program properties. The study results in a design proposal for a facade renovation of a million program property in Rosengård at Bennets väg 3.

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  • 9.
    Liu, Ju
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Uppsala Univ, Inst Housing & Urban Res, SE-20506 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bohman, Helena
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, SE-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    A System Model and An Innovation Approach toward Sustainable Housing Renovation2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing renovation is a common concern to owners, tenants and to society at large. In addition to the high economic costs, the implementation of housing renovation usually have a long-term impact on the society and the built environment. This is a theoretical paper that develops a system model for understanding sustainable housing renovation as a system phenomenon which has multiple sustainability goals, complicated dynamic processes, diverse actors, and a sophisticated institutional environment. It identifies the key challenges of a sustainable housing renovation system, namely the conflicting sustainability goals and the conflicting stakeholder interests. To address these two challenges, the paper suggests an innovation approach in which the process of innovation (linear versus organic) and the typology of innovation (product versus process and business versus social) toward sustainable housing renovation are discussed.

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  • 10.
    Nilsson, Linus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). malmö universitet.
    Gestaltningsförlag - Ett hydroponiskt odlingssystem i skola.: Vägen till en hållbar konsumtion genom hydroponisk odling som pedagogiskt verktyg.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conducting cultivation on areas that were once well-functioning ecosystems is destroying the planet. Reduced area to cultivate, an increasing population and the consequences of transport and import put high pressure on improving the way food production works. For a few years vertical farming has been a popular solution to this problem. Hydroponic is a soilfree cultivation method that is usually managed indoors in a controlled environment. To stop the devastation of nature and ecosystems, create sustainable agriculture and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, knowledge and an interest in wanting to change old habits are required. By implementing vertical farming in school environments, they could actively work towards a relief of traditional agriculture and introduce new forms of cultivation for future generations. The work seeks to clarify what an implementation of a hydroponic system in a school could have looked like and what use the school could have of the cultivation. This work suggests an idea that vertical farming would be easier to establish in combination with other activities. A combination where the cultivation does not only produce vegetables but also can be used in several ways. In the work schools are proposed to be the activities that vertical farming should be combined with and the aspects of using cultivation as a pedagogical tool is used as an argument for this. In order to overcome the current climate crisis it is necessary that education on this takes place, therefore lessons regarding ecosystems, ecosystem services, agriculture and water management are considered extremely important. These important topics can be applied in all subjects in school and hydroponics would be a good tool to use in teaching about this

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  • 11.
    Noorzaei, Mehran
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS).
    En studie av parameterstyrda modeller under projektering2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A key to success in a complicated building project is the project planning itself and the people involved. To be competitive, repetitive tasks among others have to be automated with the use of parametric design. Computational design can greatly improve the collaboration between architects, designers and structural engineers.

    The aim of this study is to identify the use and importance of parametrized models in the Swedish construction industry by the use of survey research. This study will also develop an arch bridge with Grasshopper in Rhinoceros 6. After doing so the advantages and drawbacks of this type of modeling will be analyzed.

    The study revealed that the use of parametric design isn´t well established in the Swedish construction industry. Most companies that participated in this survey recognizes the possibilities and want to see a development in the area.

    The downside of computational design is the initial cost and lack of competence in the field. The knowledge required by the user is also a restriction for many companies, because well established scripts and stable models require an experienced and educated user.

    The advantages that´s primarily been identified in this study through the survey are the optimization of repetitive tasks and models as well as cost optimization in the initial planning phase. By reusing and improving scripts with each reference project each company can increase its competitiveness in their own area of expertise.

    This requires involvement from the educational institutes in the form of increased programming and computer sciences skills incorporated in the education of engineers. Whilst engineers with their modelling knowledge in traditional software can adapt to software´s like Grasshopper their lack of basic knowledge in computer science will restrict the complexity of the models themselves.

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  • 12.
    Sarkheyli, Elnaz
    et al.
    Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
    Rafieian, Mojtaba
    Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
    Taghvaea, Ali Akbar
    Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
    تقابل پایداری ابرپروژه‌های شهری: ارزیابی پایداری پروژه‌های بزرگ‌مقیاس در شهر مشهد: [Sustainability Paradox of Megaprojects in Mashhad]2017In: Geography and Urban Space Development, ISSN 2538-3531, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Megaprojects as extensive investment projects are increasing recently in large and metropolitan cities in Iran. The projects, mostly based on public-private partnership, are defined to stimulate urban development or provide necessary facilities and infrastructure. They are considered as tools to promote the city conditions at national and international levels. However, some theorists argue the negative consequences of the projects while explaining the risky, problematic, and deceiving side of the megaprojects. Many megaprojects have been constructed in Mashhad. The city, as a destination for many pilgrims and tourists, and a hub for commercial and industrial activities in the east of Iran, has considerable potentials for development and competitiveness. Mashhad’s municipality encourages the urban projects based on public-private partnership in various ways due to its dependence on the revenues of construction work. While the projects are considered to provide better and modern services to facilitate, it seems that they have had a reverse effect by the saturation of built-up areas and commercial spaces in Mashhad. This paper tries to assess the effectiveness of megaprojects in Mashhad and their compatibility with urban context through sustainability assessment of the projects.Megaprojects are considered as urban catalysts according to the neoliberalism ideology. The recent generation of the projects is mostly brownfield developments related to tourism and sport facilities based on the public-private partnership approach. The globalization, regional competitiveness, and privatization along with the technological improvement have led to the boom of mega and large-scale projects in cities.Megaprojects may result in the provision of public spaces, services or infrastructure improvement. However, the economic prosperity which the projects usually seek are incompatible with the local economy and may hurt it. They also change the physical identity and the existing urban structure while damaging the social capital with social segregation and exclusion. In addition, compared to the normal projects, the projects have considerable environmental footprints.2. MethodologyFocusing on megaprojects in Mashhad, the present study analyzes the effectiveness of megaprojects through the concept of sustainability circles. The concept assesses the sustainability through four dimensions: economic prosperity, social improvement, physical and cultural vitality, and environmental resiliency. The main approaches to the research are case study and survey. The case studies include large-scale renewal projects (Great Project of Shohada Square and Majd Project) and brownfield development (Sepad Tourism Zone). The survey which was administered to 387 persons including the experts, residents, and businesses in or surrounding the projects. Alpha Cronbach was used to test the reliability of the questionnaire. Based on the result of the coefficient (0.94), the questionnaire proved to be reliable.3. ResultsThe results show the megaprojects in Mashhad are far from the sustainability concept in almost all aspects. All projects have not been satisfactory which it can be related to opposites of these projects with previous owners, residents and tenants of their fields. Majd and Shohada projects have been shaped in distressed areas. Thus, they destroyed the buildings, and they changed the urban structure, the place identity, and the urban spaces in order to build modern areas. Also, the projects led to a lot of commercial and office areas which are more than the city demands, so many of which are not strong enough to result in economic prosperity. Sepad, in its reproduction has created some picturesque architecture, commercial and recreational complexes, and related public spaces. It has also addressed the demands of general pilgrims and tourists of Mashhad through widespread advertisements to attract the people’s attention. Thus, Sepad has been more successful than other megaprojects regarding the economic and physical aspects.4. ConclusionsMegaprojects in Mashhad are built to solve the challenges of distressed areas, mitigate traffic problems and provide modern services and infrastructure while they bring new challenges to the cities. The challenges could be related to the nature of megaprojects and their conflict with sustainable development to some extent. As the projects inherently seek for the place promotion and social improvement through the creation of new urban spaces and the attraction of the more affluent citizens, they may damage the historical identity and the social capitals as well. The projects include extensive environmental footprints and change in the urban ecological system. In addition, although the projects may promote some economic indexes of competitiveness, they may result in the degradation of the local economy which is relied on the urban assets and the residents’ skills.Generally, megaprojects in Mashhad have not taken appropriate steps to economic prosperity, social improvement, place promotion, and environmental improvement. But, their wrong orientation and the lack of long-term vision in economic development have led to the saturation of commercial spaces and intensification of the building recession in Mashhad. The projects, also, delimit the probable trend of investment in other industries and entrepreneurship activities. In addition, although the projects have provided transit station, public parking, and streets, they put multiple pressure on urban networks, infrastructure including power, water, and sewage systems by overloading the built-up area.In conclusion, megaprojects are inherently in conflict with sustainability and context-oriented development, especially, if they are defined based on an up-down decision-making process and lobbying exclusively between developers and urban managers.There are forces in urban development arena that cause the continuation of megaprojects in large and even smaller cities in Iran. Therefore, the practical way to control and limit the forces and eliminate the negative impacts of megaprojects, would be the empowerment and legalization of the system of control along with supervising mega and large-scale urban projects. Using the sustainability factors, economic prosperity, physical and cultural vitality, social improvement, and environmental resiliency are recommended as the conditions for the approval of megaprojects.

  • 13.
    Sarkheyli, Elnaz
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Zakerhaghighi, Kianoosh
    Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.
    Identification, Dimension and Evaluation of Catalytic Projects in Tehran, Iran2021In: Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, ISSN 2357-0849, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1980s, a wide range of physical and non-physical interventions, including megaprojects and flagships to small-scale projects and temporary usage, are prescribed as catalysts for urban regeneration. The strategy of utilizing urban catalysts as a tool for urban renewal has been encouraging by many city authorities through specific subsidization and privileges. However, there is no correct and precise definition of the tools and the qualities they should provide as their impacts. Besides, some criticize the catalytic projects due to their unsustainable, unjust, and destructive consequences.  This paper intends to provide a more comprehensive definition of urban catalysts by reviewing the existing literature. The research has been done through a deductive and inductive approach to reach the principal dimensions and criteria for catalytic projects. It uses a series of potential projects and interventions in the City of Tehran (16 projects and practices) as case studies to check the dimensions and criteria and the quality of each project as catalysts. The quality of the selected case studies was ranked through expert judgment and checklist method. The findings show the cases' rank on how their catalytic impacts comply with sustainable development goals. According to the results, seven criteria (environmental sustainability, context-based development, pattern making, branding, social quality of life, economic prosperity, and market adaptability) are essential to ensure the sustainability of catalytic impacts of catalyst projects.

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  • 14.
    Staffansson Pauli, Karin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Liu, Ju
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, S-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmo Univ, Dept Urban Studies, S-20506 Malmo, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Inst Housing & Urban Res, Box 514, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sustainable Strategy in Housing Renovation: Moving from a Technology-and-Engineering-Focused Model to a User-Oriented Model2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Housing renovation, in contrast to new construction projects, has to take good care of the tenants who are already living in the building. What are the theoretical and practical implications concerning the transformation from a technology-and-engineering-focused renovation approach to a more user-oriented one? What are the mechanisms of strategy change? Based on our case we argue that the mechanisms of strategy change are based on the interplay between external disturbance and internal renewal. External disturbance is the trigger of strategy change, but it does not, in itself, necessarily lead to strategy change, and particularly not for an innovative new strategy. The internal new competence is the source of changing from an old strategy to an innovative new strategy. The real estate industry needs to undergo a transformation from the rationalistic technology- and engineering-focused renovation model (TEF model) to a more inclusive approach. We suggest a user-oriented model (UO model) where user involvement is seen as integrated in the whole process of renovation.

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  • 15. Sørvoll, Jadar
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Bo
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Mechanisms of Solidarity in Collaborative Housing: The Case of Co-operative Housing in Denmark 1980–20172020In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 65-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss the role of solidarity in collaborative housing in relation to the trajectory and discourse of the Danish idea of co-operative housing (andelstanken). Our analytical perspective draws on the concept of social mechanisms and a framework suggested by the social scientist Steinar Stjernø. We argue that collaborative housing based on individual (home) ownership of shares and user-rights to apartments are susceptible to the mechanism of “conflicting interests between different categories on the housing market”. Moreover, we suggest that this mechanism has a tendency to further the economic interests of residents, at the expense of the external solidarity with groups looking to access affordable housing. Our argument is supported by theoretical reflection, the historical trajectory of co-operative housing in Scandinavia and empirical analysis of the Danish case.

  • 16.
    Tuma Fischer, Vincent
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Dyi, Tara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Architecture to the Rescue: Metamorphing Built Space for Changing Purposes2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In December of 2019, the city of Wuhan in China reported an outbreak of a high number of pneumoniacases (Bassareo, 2020). The SARS-CoV-2 Virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)started to cause disturbance in societal functions, eventually leading to anomalous infection controlmeasures. Covid-19 was believed to have appeared in Sweden on 31st January and on the 9th ofMarch, it was confirmed in the Stockholm Region (Roden, 2020). Historically, pandemics have struckhumanity numerous times before, yet the virus proved that the modern world was still not prepared.

    Patients had to be accommodated in hospital corridors, general wards, and makeshift hospitals.Currently, the way of dealing with the virus is to admit patients into negative pressure isolation rooms.Negative pressure isolation rooms eliminate the airborne infectious particles, unlike regular emergencyrooms. Thus isolation rooms within alternative arrangements could offer a bigger space capacitywithout placing the burden on a municipality.

    Our thesis sheds light on disadvantages within temporary health facility solutions used during theCoronavirus pandemic. The project proposes an alternate strategy for dealing with sudden massdemand of hospital patient beds for quarantine units. This strategy involves a permanent buildingplanning, which is prepared in advance to limit the time for shifting space. In addition, multiple interiorfittings are prefabricated, easy to install as well as transport. By proposing a building with a floor planfor a primary office usage, the building could be transformed for a secondary usage as an infectiousdisease clinic in case of serious health threats to the modern welfare society. 

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  • 17.
    Valli, Chiara
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Malmö University, Institute for Urban Research (IUR).
    Hammami, Feras
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jewesbury, Daniel
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Så formar historien framtidens planering: Reflektioner om kulturarv, gentrifiering och motstånd2022In: PLAN, Tidskriften för samhällsplanering., no 7, p. 28-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Zidaric, Olivia
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ulinder, Elin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Alla studenter under ett tak: - en studie baserad på boendesituationen för studenter i Malmö2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
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1 - 18 of 18
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