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  • 1.
    Abdikarim Hersi, Hanna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Abbasova, Esmiralda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Etiska och praktiska dilemman vid bevarande av hotade arter och deras livsmiljöer2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research report aims to investigate and analyze the extensive ethical factors that influence the decision-making process in nature intervention. Specifically, we examine the moral and practical dilemmas that can arise in such decisions, which are often complex and difficult to manage. 

    The purpose of this report is to enhance understanding of the role that ethics plays and should play in environmental conservation, particularly in relation to perspectives on the value of nature and the ethical positions taken by decision-makers. By conducting a scientific study using a systematic literature review and interviews, we have been able to obtain a broader understanding of the answer to our research question: "Where should the limit be placed on human intervention in nature?" There is a difference in focus between content analysis and interviews, with the former tending to have a more practical orientation and the latter having a more ethical orientation. This creates an impression of divergent directions in the written material. The various methods used in the research, namely the systematic literature review and interviews, yielded different insights. However, rather than finding a definitive solution, we have discovered that different methods and the state of knowledge in the field generate different insights, indicating that there is no simple answer. 

    By analyzing and discussing the obtained results in this report, we hope to contribute to a more nuanced and informed debate on the ethical aspects of nature intervention. We emphasize the importance of continued research and knowledge development in this area to better address the complex and sometimes contradictory issues that arise in decision-making regarding the conservation and utilization of nature. 

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  • 2.
    Abraham, Mimmi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Thyr, Linnea
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sveriges grönaste stad?: En studie om grönområdens värde och plats i Göteborg2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Green spaces in urban areas contribute with many key functions that are vital for both animals and humans, such as biodiversity, ecosystem services and positive health effects. However, the existence of green spaces and their functions are threatened by the rapid global urbanization that is causing land use changes. According to the City of Gothenburg’s local environmental goals, the city aims to become ecologically sustainable by the year of 2030 through increased biodiversity and nature conservation. Gothenburg has been named as Sweden's greenest city, although the green spaces in Gothenburg have decreased between the years 1986–2019 and will continue to decline due to exploitation. The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis was thus to increase knowledge about what stimulates decisions that cause a reduction of green spaces in Gothenburg despite set conservation goals, which was a neglected research area. To achieve the purpose, an inductive qualitative method was used with semi-structured interviews. The results were analyzed through theories of environmental psychology, environmental ethics and policy, namely values, goal-framing theory, value pluralism and wicked problems. The study concluded that Gothenburg's urban planning included several wicked problems and value conflicts that were expressed through goal conflicts, which negatively affected Gothenburg’s green spaces. Furthermore, strong hedonistic and egoistic values as well as gain goals, also had a negative impact on the existence of Gothenburg's green spaces.

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  • 3.
    Ahmad, Doaa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Grönstrukturens funktion och betydelse för studenternas återhämtning (under covid-19 restriktioner)2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that exposure to the green environment provides health benefits. These benefits indicate among other things, recovery effect of stress, fatigue and attention-exhaustion, which is especially important for university students. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether there is a connection between university students' contact with the green structure in / near the study-environment and the students' experience of their study environment during the covid-19 restrictions. This with the help of a diary-survey as a pilot-study and telephone interviews. The analysis tool consisted of theoretical frameworks, Attention Restoration Theory (ART) and Stress Reduction Theory (SRT). Results and analysis have confirmed Attention Restoration Theory (ART), where it states that green natural environments have a recovery effect and attracts attention after a mental fatigue. In addition, it also confirmed the Stress Recovery Theory (SRT), which states that green natural environments have a positive effect on stress reduction, processing and recovery. The conclusion of this study is that green structure is of great importance to university students, as everyone chooses to reside or get in touch with green nature in one way or another, for example going for a walk in a green environment or staying in a cottage in the forest. That nature is a part of the students' everyday life seems to be above all an unconscious experience for most and takes place without recognition or processing of the environment. However, it appears that the process may be conscious for some students. 

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  • 4.
    Alam, Sultan
    et al.
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Ullah, Barkat
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Khan, Muhammad Sufaid
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Rahman, Najeeb ur
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Khan, Luqman
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan.;Univ Peshawar, Natl Ctr Excellence Phys Chem NCE, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan..
    Shah, Luqman Ali
    National Center of Excellence in Physical Chemistry (NCE), University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan.
    Zekker, Ivar
    Univ Tartu, Inst Chem, 14a Ravila St, EE-50411 Tartu, Estonia..
    Burlakovs, Juris
    Estonian Univ Life Sci, Inst Forestry & Rural Engn, 5 Kreutzwaldi St, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia..
    Kallistova, Anna
    Russian Acad Sci, Winogradsky Inst Microbiol, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Leninsky Prospect,33,Build 2, Moscow 119071, Russia..
    Pimenov, Nikolai
    Russian Acad Sci, Winogradsky Inst Microbiol, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Leninsky Prospect,33,Build 2, Moscow 119071, Russia..
    Yandri, Erkata
    East Jakarta Timur, Darma Persadha Univ, Grad Sch Renewable Energy, Jl Taman Malaka, Jakarta 13450, Indonesia..
    Hendroko Setyobudi, Roy
    Univ Muhammadiyah Malang, Dept Agr Sci, Malang 65145, Indonesia..
    Jani, Yahya
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Zahoor, Muhammad
    Univ Malakand, Dept Biochem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Adsorption Kinetics and Isotherm Study of Basic Red 5 on Synthesized Silica Monolith Particles2021In: Water, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 13, no 20, article id 2803Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Silica monolith particles (SMP) were prepared from Tetra-Methyl-Ortho-Silicate (TMOS) and characterized by Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and surface area analyzer. FTIR analysis showed the Si-O stretching confirming SMP formation. SEM analysis provided information about the mean diameter of SMP (1-5 mu m). EDX confirmed the presence of silicon and oxygen in the SMP. Moreover, the calculated surface area for SMP was found to be around 367 m(2)/g, whereas BJH pore size distributed particles were 87.15 along with the total pore volume and pore radius of 0.073 cm(3)/g and 16.627 & ANGS;, respectively. Besides, the removal efficiency was found to be about 96%. Various kinetic equations were used to calculate the adsorption parameters. Overall, the results show that the most appropriate model for the kinetics data was the pseudo-second order kinetics model while the mechanism of adsorption was best explained by the Langmuir isotherm. The highest removal of Basic Red 5 dye after 120 min at 298 K was 576 mg/g. Moreover, the thermodynamics parameters (Enthalpy, Gibb's energy, and Entropy) were also estimated. The & UDelta;H & DEG; (0.995 kJ/mol) value depicted the endothermic nature of the process. The non-spontaneous aspect of the process was evident from the & UDelta;G & DEG; values which were 60.431, 328.93, and 339.5 kJ/mol at 293, 303, and 313 K, respectively. From the high removal efficiency value, it can be concluded that the prepared adsorbent can be a potential adsorbent in the reclamation of dyes from wastewater.</p>

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  • 5.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Stjernborg, Kevin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Giftfri: En mobilapplikation som varnar för farliga kemikalier i kosmetika2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemicals in cosmetics are dangerous for both humans and the environment. Multiple studies and reports estimate that Sweden will not reach its climate goals, in large part because of the usage of chemicals. The law meant to protect humans and nature against chemicals is flawed since it is based on a state of knowledge that is flawed. Mobile applications which are meant to increase awareness of chemical usage are flawed in scope, functionality and credibility.

     

    The purpose of this study is to develop a mobile application which improves upon the flaws identified in existing mobile applications. The study uses design science research methodology, DSRM, to develop the artefact. DSRM is an iterative process with six steps where the development process is documented. The study is carried out with the company Consid AB which acts as stakeholders for the research project. The mobile application is evaluated in a descriptive method and analyzed by the authors of the study.

     

    The results of the study show that the functional flaws identified from existing applications are possible to improve and that the developed application highlights chemicals with the flawed state of knowledge in mind.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svensson, Nora
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vinproduktion i Sverige.: Hur reflekterar vinproducenter kring vinproduktionens miljöpåverkan?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1999, Sweden was approved as a producer of commercial wines by the EU. In wine production, the environmental impact arises from the use of pesticides and irrigation and the manufacture and transport of bottles. The purpose was to investigate the environmental impact from wine production in Sweden, and how Swedish wine producers reflect on the environmental impact from their production. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Swedish wine producers from Skåne, Södermanland and Gotland. According to the wine producers, the factors that had the greatest environmental impact were the use of pesticides, the manufacture and transport of the bottles. Swedish wine producers work to be as sustainable as possible, but the opinions on which production method is the most sustainable differed and the wine producers therefore worked in different ways. Opinions about whether organic or conventional wine production is the most sustainable option, and which grape variety is best suited for cultivation in Sweden differed between the five wine producers. Common to all vineyards was that water use was low because only rainwater was used for irrigation and that all wine producers bottled the wine in glass bottles. However, there were differences of opinion in which weight of the glass bottle is most suitable.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Olin, Cornelia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Åtgärder för en hållbar turism i Kebnekaise: En kvalitativ studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturturismen runt om i världen har sett en ökning de senaste åren, inte minst till följd avCovid-19 pandemin, en trend som även uppmärksammats på Kebnekaise. Allt fler människorsöker sig till platsen för att uppleva den vackra miljön, vilket leder till ett stigandebesökstryck till den sköra naturen. Den stigande mängden besökare leder till en högre grad avslitage och störningar på djur, natur och människor i området. Syftet med studien är därmedatt undersöka vilka åtgärder som krävs för att hantera problematiken som uppstår av ettökande besökarantal till Kebnekaise. För att besvara syftet användes en kvalitativ ansats medett urval semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet analyserades gentemot tidigare forskningoch kunskapsläge tillsammans med ett juridiskt ramverk för att avgöra vilka åtgärder som ärapplicerbara i nuläget, alternativt vad som behövs förändras för att kunna skydda vissamiljövärden. Studien kom fram till att det finns delade meningar bland informanterna kringvad och hur mycket som behöver göras, men att alla är överens om att mjuka styrmedel är detförsta som bör prioriteras innan hårdare lagstiftning, som ett områdesskydd, etableras. Detframgick däremot att för att skydda området från slitage av helikoptertrafik, cykling ochtältning behövs en förändring av allemansrätten eller ett införande av områdesskydd.

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  • 8.
    Andreasson, Sandra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ohlin, Josefin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöanpassningar för restaurering av vattendrag i Sverige - Småskalig vattenkraft: Ska inte den vandrande fisken få lov att vandra?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroelectric power plants constitute migration barriers for the aquatic fauna in watercourses. The migrating fish are prevented from reaching their spawning areas, which has led to a reduced stock of fish. Omprövningen of hydropower in Sweden will place higher demands on environmental adaptations and the preservation of ecology. The electricity shortage in Europe has led to a pause of omprövningen. The pause makes it possible to gain additional knowledge about the execution of the restoration work before the implementation. The purpose of the study was to identify which challenges and opportunities exist with the restaureation of watercourses with hydropower, both from a social and ecological perspective. The method consisted of several interviews with people who had relevant knowledge for the study. The results showed that there are opportunities and challenges with cooperation, financing and restoration. The conclusion was that the omprövning contributes with possibilities such as clearer guidelines for cooperation, the environmental fund that can finance the environmental adaptations and that restoration measures will actually be implemented. The identified challenges were conflicts between different interests, the varying efficiency of a fish passage and financing the expensive adaptations. A removal produces rapid positive change and can therefore be considered the most effective environmental adaptation. Finally, restoration of watercourses is valuable for the aquatic fauna.

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  • 9.
    Augustsson, Adam
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Reindeer Husbandry and Wind Power: Discourses surrounding the construction of IKEA's wind park on Glötesvålen and its local effects on reindeer husbandry2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The exploitation of land in Northern Sweden has caused a significant depletion of grazing grounds for semi-domesticated reindeer. This is a threat to the indigenous Sami reindeer herders of Sweden, who rely on the grazing ground in order to sustainably feed their herds. In the last decade, a significant amount of grazing land has been lost due to the construction of wind power parks (WPP) in important grazing regions. This thesis examines the discourse surrounding a WPP built in Härjedalen for IKEA. The WPP was built on Glötesvålen, a unique highland used for grazing by Mittådalen, a local herding community. Through a dissection of electronic sources and semi-structured interviews, the author conducts a discourse analysis to identify the most prevalent narratives surrounding the construction of IKEA’s WPP on Glötesvålen. An inductive approach is used to identify underlying ideologies present in the discourse through a relevant theoretical framework. The results show a pervasive enthusiasm for the WPP as a pivot towards renewable energy which mirrors the ideology of ecological modernization. The results also find a critical narrative which lifts the uneven power dynamic experienced by reindeer herders. This narrative is understood through the lens of Spivak’s (2010) “Can the Subaltern Speak?”. An additional discourse found is the symbolic issue between industrial ecological transitioning and the right to reindeer husbandry as a cultural heritage. 

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  • 10.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University; Linnaeus University.
    Nordén, Birgitta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    We can only do it together: Addressing global sustainability challenges through a collaborative paradigm.2021In: Universities, Sustainability and Society:: Supporting the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Leal Filho, W.; Salvia, A.L.; Brandli, L. Pretorius; R., Azeiteiro, U., Springer, 2021, p. 239-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urgent structural change is required in higher education to allow collaboration both within and across universities so that achieving a rapid sustainability transition can become the overarching and main purpose of education, research and work in society. A review of the literature reveals that fragmentation, caused by traditional hierarchical faculty and disciplinary organisation, is a major obstacle to such goals. Additionally, universities today operate under a competitive paradigm that prevents the transfer and application of available knowledge, thereby blocking the development of new knowledge and coherent future-oriented approaches. Fragmentation and competition prevent universities from pooling resources, understanding major challenges holistically and using systemic approaches to address them. Political agendas, funding priorities and existing mechanisms of dissemination and evaluation of academic activity contribute to inertia. Rather than applying fragmented sustainability goals within rigid silo structures, action for sustainability needs to be coordinated among academic actors both horizontally and diagonally. This requires spaces for strategic thinking, concertation, open discussion and knowledge sharing. The insights achieved in strong sustainability research environments need to direct efforts towards achieving a rapid sustainability transition, and priority must be given to structures, networks and research that already enable concertation and collaboration.

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    Avery & Nordén Book Chapter In Leal Filho et al (Eds)
  • 11.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nordén, Birgitta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    We can only do it together: Addressing global sustainability challenges through a collaborative paradigm.: Session 4: Comprehensive approaches to Sustainable Development: the integration of Curriculum, Research and Operations2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urgent structural change is required in higher education, to allow collaboration both within and across universities, so that achieving rapid sustainability transition can become not only the overarching but the main purpose of education, research and work in society. A review of the literature reveals that fragmentation caused by traditional hierarchical faculty and disciplinary organisation is a major obstacle to such goals. Additionally, universities today operate under a competitive paradigm which prevents the transfer and application of available knowledge, as well as blocking the development of new knowledge and coherent future-oriented approaches. Fragmentation and competition prevent universities from pooling resources, understanding phenomena holistically and using systemic approaches in the way we address major challenges. Political agendas, funding priorities, as well as existing mechanisms of dissemination and evaluation of academic activity contribute to inertia. Rather than applying fragmented sustainability goals within rigid silo structures, it is therefore argued that action for sustainability needs to be coordinated among academic actors, horizontally and diagonally. This requires spaces for concertation and strategical thinking. Insights achieved in strong sustainability research environments need to direct efforts, and priority must be given to structures, networks and research that already enable concertation and collaboration.

  • 12.
    Bengtsson, Erika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Medborgarinitiativ och dess påverkan på kommunala klimatstrategier2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En klimatstrategi är ett styrdokument som används för att organisera klimatarbetet i en organisation utefter deras mål. Även fast flera författare tidigare har understrukit vikten av att medborgare ska vara involverade i beslut som rör miljöfrågor är det sällan invånare får påverka klimatstrategier. Syftet med den här studien var således att undersöka hur lokala medborgarinitiativ och medborgarna inom denna upplever att de kan påverka implementeringen av en kommunal klimatstrategi och påverka andra medborgare i deras omgivning. Frågeställningen löd ‘Hur påverkar medborgarinitiativ andra medborgare och implementering av kommunala klimatstrategier?’ Det teoretiska ramverket är hållbart medborgarskap, där medborgaren har en plikt att utföra handlingar som gynnar det allmänna goda.

    Sju semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts digitalt med medborgare inom medborgarinitiativet Helsingborgarnas Klimatavtal, och den kvalitativa datan har analyserats genom det teoretiska ramverket hållbart medborgarskap. Metodkritiken utgår från undersökningens låga externa validitet och tidsbegränsningen. I resultatet framkom det att gemenskapen inom och utanför Helsingborgarnas Klimatavtal gör att fler medborgare blir inspirerade till att skapa en beteendeförändring som gynnar både det allmänna goda och målen i kommunens klimatstrategi. Samarbetet mellan kommunen och medborgarinitiativet ger tjänstepersoner åtkomst till lokala kunskaper och åsikter samt genererar en ökad legitimitet till klimatstrategin. Det är dock viktigt att kommunen har en kontinuerlig kommunikation med medborgarna för att klimatstrategins implementering ska bli så framgångsrik som möjligt. För framtida forskning föreslås det att undersöka både medborgarnas  och kommunens  upplevelse  för en mer heltäckande  bild. 

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  • 13.
    Borgkvist, Minna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nyholm, Cornelia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Cirkulära flöden inom avfallssektorn: En fallstudie om Sysav2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society is actively trying to change from a linear economy, which has been the norm, to a circular economy: a society permeated by extending the life of products, consuming less and making use of the finite natural resources that remain. Waste is something that should be seen as resources. There are guiding documents, legislation and tools, like the EU’s waste hierarchy, to follow and make use of, at an international, a national and a local level. This case study examines how employees at Malmö-based Sysav (Sydskånes avfallsaktiebolag) work with circular flows and circular economy in their everyday work, how they view the waste hierarchy and how they relate to governing documents. Semi-structured interviews were used as the method and ten employees at the company were interviewed. The result shows that the employees at Sysav, due to their different experiences and professional roles, work very differently with circular flows, and have different ideas about what it means. A number of new ideas for improvements and efficiencies emerge that could be implemented. Finally, Sysav as a company shows that there are a number of measures that can be applied to create more circular flows.

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  • 14.
    Broberg, Saga
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Karlsson, Christina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kollaborativ modekonsumtion - en miljömässigt hållbar konsumtionsmodell?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a part of sharing economies, collaborative fashion consumption has been developed as a business model mainly based on digital platforms. Development of new technology enables companies to offer customers easy access to alternative forms of clothes consumption. The environmental impact generated by the fashion industry has been a subject for discussions among researchers. From production to creation of fast fashion trends, the fashion industry has an immense environmental impact throughout the whole value chain. The fast paced fashion trends brought by the industry has led to an overconsumption of clothes. Therefore the whole fashion industry needs to be transformed to be able to become more sustainable in the future. Collaborative fashion consumption is a new business concept, where research is still needed. Although collaborative fashion consumption has received increasing attention in the academic field, more research is needed. Therefore we consider collaborative fashion consumption as a business model important to be examined in an environmental context to identify challenges, as well as possibilities for development. This study is implemented by qualitative interviews made with both founders of collaborative consumption business models as well as experts with a professional background within textile, fashion and sustainability. Our results are based on the findings of the most environmental barriers and opportunities for development within the future collaborative consumption.

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  • 15.
    Bunde, Lasse
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svärd Nilsson, Lowe
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fytoextraktion: Är Senapskål en lämplig kandidat vid sanering av förorenade områden?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heavy metal contaminated soils are a growing problem worldwide. Part of the solution is todecontaminate the contaminated areas. Conventional decontamination methods have provedto be unsustainable for the environment because of extensive disruption of existing soilstructures. A suitable decontamination alternative is phytoextraction. This study examines theextraction of cadmium, arsenic and lead from contaminated soil using arugula (Eruca sativa).In addition, it is investigated how the biomass growth of arugula is affected by the heavymetals. Studying arugulas’ tolerance level towards cadmium, arsenic and lead in combinationwith its ability to accumulate the heavy metals is of interest in determining whether arugula issuitable for phytoextraction or not. This study was based on a cultivation experiment wherearugulas were planted in soil contaminated with 1318 mg/kg cadmium, 1103 mg/kg arsenicand 2307 mg/kg lead that originated from Alsterfors glassworks in southeastern Sweden. Toperform statistical analysis tests arugulas were planted in reference soil as a comparisongroup. The result showed a significant difference between the biomass growth of the arugulain the different soils, the average biomass value of arugulas in the contaminated soil was0.33g and 1.28g in the reference soil. In addition, the results showed that arugulaaccumulated low levels of all three metals. Based on the results, it can be concluded thatarugulas are not suitable for phytoextraction regarding biomass growth and uptake ofcadmium, arsenic and lead.

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  • 16.
    Burlakovs, J.
    et al.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Vincevica-Gaile, Z.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Bisters, V.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Hogland, W.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Kriipsalu, M.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia.
    Zekker, I.
    Tartu University, Estonia.
    Setyobudi, R. H.
    University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia.
    Jani, Y.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Anne, O.
    Klaipeda University, Lithuania.
    Application of anaerobic digestion for biogas and methane production from fresh beach-cast biomass2022In: 3rd EAGE Global Energy Transition, GET 2022, European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE , 2022, p. 61-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, biogas production potential from beach wrack collected in Riga Gulf (Ragaciems, Jaunķemeri, Bigauņciems) and in coastline of Sweden (Kalmar) was studied using an anaerobic digestion method. Selected beach wrack masses laying ashore and containing macroalgal biomass of common macroalgae types specific to the Baltic Sea were mixed for consolidated samples. Anoxic fermentation of untreated beach wrack was carried out in 16 bioreactors applying a single filling mode at 38 °C. The study revealed that by utilizing beach wrack accumulated ashore as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion methane can be utilized if pretreatment and conditioning of the samples are performed. The study was continued for selected brown algae containing biomass tested with three dewatering pretreatment methods: a) keeping in tap water for 24 hours; b) washing with running fresh water for one hour, and c) drying to relatively constant weight. The resulting methane outcome was compared with the data corresponding to raw brown algae. The study confirmed that washing of macroalgal biomass applied as pretreatment prior to anaerobic fermentation avoids inhibition of salts and promotes biomethane production.

  • 17.
    Dracic, Melisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Omvandla Malmö till en "svampstad"?: En studie om sponge city-konceptet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The occurrence of water related problems such as extreme precipitation, floods, drought and water scarcity will increase in urban areas as a result of global climate change. The sponge city-concept is an urban stormwater system launched in China and aims to improve the water management in cities by restoring the city’s capacity to absorb, infiltrate, store and purify water. This study aimed to investigate if the sponge city-concept could be implemented in Malmö by answering the question “What possibilities and obstacles exist for Malmö to implement the sponge city-concept?”. Through a systematic literature review and content analysis in combination with the theoretical framework, which was based on the concept climate change vulnerability, the results showed that there are some possibilities but also obstacles. The main obstacle that was identified is that the ground in Malmö largely consists of dense moraines which forms an obstacle for the infiltration measures that are included in the sponge city-concept. Some possibilities that were identified is that the sponge city-concept can decrease the sensitivity to harm that occurs in relation to the exposure level but also that Malmö’s adaptation capacity is relatively high. However, because this study only investigated specific physical/environmental aspects within the sponge city-concept, more studies that consider more aspects are required if an implementation of the concept would become prevailing. 

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  • 18.
    Drecun, Mattias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöbrott: En kvalitativ studie om verksamheters illegala avfallsdumpning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demand for construction activities, large amounts of materials are produced that can be reused and recycled. This great potential for reuse and recycling is lost through various shortcomings in society's handling of it. One of the most common environmental crimes in Sweden is illegal waste dumping, which gives rise to various types of environmental pollution and deterioration of landscapes. This study aimed to shed light on how the actors who should or can counteract illegal dumping of construction and demolition waste in Sweden look at how illegal waste dumping arises and how they think society can counteract it. Through semi-structured interviews with an environmental expert, environmental and health protection inspector, environmental crime investigator, environmental prosecutor and environmental educator I investigated how these actors see the emergence of illegal waste dumping and how society can counteract it. The result was analysed through the theoretical framework of the legitimacy theory. The actors' perspectives showed that companies that carry out illegal waste dumping have no environmental considerations, and that companies' perception that environmental legislation is illegitimate was due to economic reasons, and that it is mainly revisions in legislation that are needed to combat companies’ illegal waste dumping. The discussion presented proposals for further research to investigate how a sustainable waste management system can be achieved where the legitimacy for environmental law is fulfilled in order to prevent and combat companies' illegal waste dumping.

  • 19.
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Spridning av urbana miljöer och dess effekter på ekosystemtjänster2020In: Landskapets betydelse: ELC och EST som inspiration för ett hållbart landskap / [ed] Karen Lagercrantz, Malmö: Opto HB , 2020, , p. 76p. 62-66Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 20.
    Ekenberg, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jönsson, Sussie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Brankosdotter, Smilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hållbarhetsrapporter och tillsynsrapporter - förhållandet mellan teori och praktik2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As awareness of environmental issues increases, the public's expectations on environmental work and consciousness has expanded to include businesses and authorities. In order to meet these expectations and work towards sustainable development, businesses produce sustainability reports while supervisory authorities compose supervisory reports. In this study, the sustainability reports of six Swedish businesses from three different industries in Skåne are compared. The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not the contents from both the sustainability reports and the supervisory reports overlap and to further explore how the business's own theoretical description of their sustainability work corresponds with the supervisory authorities' assessment. To fulfill this aim two different types of content analysis were used, relational and conceptual, in order to compile and interpret the content of the various documents. Themes, codes and concepts were identified and further analyzed as well as compared with the help of relevant theories and concepts. The study shows that there are similarities between the content of all reports, most prominent in the identified categories; legislation and environment. Differences between the reports were varied and could mainly be identified within areas where the companies had differing focuses, an example of this is within the category; social.

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  • 21.
    Ekfrost, Andreas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Mr..
    “Äta ska vi ju göra.”“Mer än att bara producera mat.”: Hållbar odling ur olika perspektiv, en jämförelse av konventionella jordbrukares och skogsjordbrukares tankar kring miljö, samhälle och skogsjordbruk.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified agriculture is considered as contributing to negative environmental changes. More positive methods of agriculture are advocated by IPCC and IPBES to halt these negative changes and agroforestry is one method that is considered as a sustainable alternative. Agroforestry as an agricultural method is only found in a few places in Sweden but is found in other parts of Europe and the world as a productive system with many environmental advantages. The purpose of this study was to examine what conventional farmers and agroforestry farmers thought about their work in relation to the environment and society and what their views were on agroforestry. Participants from the different methods were recruited to participate in separate focus groups and among these participants, one farmer from each method was recruited for participant observation. Both types of farmers had strong nature connectedness and cared about nature conservation. The conventional farmers saw themselves as stewards of nature and an important part of society that could work with the environment for food production and economic gain. At the same time, the conventional farmers could be seen as both involuntarily locked in and defending a mainstream - the established industrial society. They wanted to improve the environment but were stuck in an economic circle. The agroforestry farmers functioned as a counterpoint - a reaction against the established agricultural system which they considered unsustainable. Instead, they wanted to show an alternative society and way of farming. The agroforestry farmers were driven by a will to change and an ecological focus with an ecocentric and broader view of nature. Both groups believed that a better subsidy system could lead to more environmental work.

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  • 22.
    Faringstam, Isabelle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Protecting the proper Baltic harbour porpoise: An evaluation of Sweden’s conservation plan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More than a third of the earths marine mammal species are threatened. This study aims to analyze and evaluate the conservation of the proper Baltic harbour porpoisein Sweden. The population is estimated to consist of only 500 individuals and are likely to be extinct if measures are not taken. A new Swedish conservation planfor harbour porpoises will be implemented in 2021 and will be the first since 2013. This study analyzes the suggested conservation plan and aims to identify strengths and weaknesses in the actions. Through a grounded theory approach, a qualitative content analysis is performed to identify the action strengths and weaknesses. A scoring matrix was developed to create indicators of the actions effort, delivery and conservation. The findings show that the short-term goals and the actions have a multidirectional approach which lack an alignment to the vision and the long-term goal of the plan. The study presents the action efficiency, which shows the need for, and importance of prioritizing the actions with the most potential impact for conservation. Mainly, the study provides a framework for species conservation plan evaluation and by performing the plan evaluation prior to implementation, the study contributes to the field of environmental evaluations.

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  • 23.
    Flokén, Emma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Cato, Sofia Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ekologisk funktionalitet i Malmö: En jämförande undersökning av biodiversitet i Varvsparken & Strandparken2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a major threat to biodiversity as the expansion of cities leads to places thatpreviously constituted important habitats being replaced by hard-made surfaces, buildingsand human activity. The new way of thinking in urban planning is called densification.Densification negatively affects biodiversity because the natural migration of species ishindered by buildings and hard-built surfaces. The aftermath shows that ecosystems in urbanenvironments become weaker and the ecosystem services such as air purification, pollinationand stormwater management gets compromised. Biodiversity in urban environments isimportant both for people in the city via health benefits, but also because the composition ofspecies in the city contributes to a strong and sustainable ecosystem. The purpose of thisstudy is to investigate the biodiversity using bioindicators, in form of trees and birds, in twoparks: Varvsparken, Västra Hamnen and in Strandparken, Limhamn. The biological diversityin the parks has been analyzed with χ² Goodness of fit, the Shannon Wiener index and a tablewith qualitative criteria for an ecologically functional biodiversity. When assessing the parkswith the table, it emerged that Varvsparken has a higher variety of vegetation thanStrandparken. The result of the χ² tests showed that there was a statistically significantdifference between the number of trees and birds observed in the parks. The Shannon Wienerindex showed that Strandparken had a higher diversity of birds and native trees thanVarvsparken, but that Varvsparken had a higher diversity when comparing both native andexotic trees. Our study shows the relationship between urban green areas, biodiversity andpeople's well-being is important in order to have a sustainable and thriving urbanenvironment.

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  • 24.
    Friberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Haugland, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Climate change adaptation in agriculture - securing food, livelihoods and the environment: From a farm-perspective2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conventional agriculture has impacts on the environment such as soil degradation, biodiversity loss and pollution of ecosystems, which could be enhanced further by climate change. The effects can be more or less extensive depending on whether adaptation is carried out. Agriculture in Sweden is controlled by EU- and national regulations that set the rules and possibilities for adaptation through financial and advisory support. This study aimed to examine what impacts climate change will impose on the agriculture in Sweden, as well as how the theoretical and practical side of the adaptation measures available through policy regulations, is perceived on farm level. The question of research was: ‘How sufficient are the agricultural policy regulations in enabling Swedish farmers to adapt to climate change?’, which was investigated by interviewing Swedish farmers. The results were analyzed through the theoretical framework adaptive capacity, as a criterion for successfully enabling climate change adaptation. The results showed that several barriers exist within the regulations which can obstruct adaptation due to bureaucratic complexity and a gap between theory and practice in regard to the effectiveness of measures. The results also showed that economic, human and social capital included in the adaptation capacity concept can be strengthened for better adaptation. The discussion presented several points of improvement for regulations to adopt a practical farm-perspective in order to enable farmers to adapt to climate change.

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  • 25.
    Friberg, Rasmus E.
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Opperdoes, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Berättelsen om antropogena klimatförändringar: Hur påverkar framing människors intention och motivation att agera klimatvänligt?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropogenic climate change, abbreviated ACC, is a major environmental problem. People’s motivation and intention to act climate-friendly is important in addressing ACC since lacking motivation and intention to address ACC can have dire consequences for society and the environment. Individuals’ motivation and intention to act climate-friendly can be influenced by framing, which refers to the practice of emphasizing certain aspects of reality. What type of framing is being utilized can be crucial regarding individuals acting climate-friendly. The conventional framing dominating society is based on emphasizing facts and negative consequences of ACC. ACC is portrayed as an encroaching disaster managed via sacrifices, losses, and costs. However, this can lead to passivity and a desire to avoid the topic. Since motivation and intention to act climate-friendly is important, the need for a non-conventional framing arises. The study's purpose was to create a framing that took psychological barriers into account based on Stoknes (2015) theories regarding climate communication and to investigate how it affected motivation and intention to act climate-friendly. The research question was: How do conventional framing and non-conventional framing affect individuals’ motivation and intention to act climate-friendly? Two framing alternatives made up of stories about ACC were tested during a controlled experiment, and motivation and intention were quantified utilizing a closed-ended questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Cohen’s d test. A slight increase in motivation and intention was measured, but no statistically significant difference existed in motivation and intention to act climate-friendly after the participants had been subjected to a framing alternative. Data suggests changes in motivation and intention to act climate-friendly occurred for the group subjected to the non-conventional framing, and thus further research should be conducted with a normally distributed population of a significantly larger scale. Furthermore, future studies could pursue mixed methods research.

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  • 26.
    Fridh, Johan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Studenters betalningsvilja för en koldioxidskatt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Air travel abroad has increased significantly since 1990. In order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from flights, other transport such as trains could be an essential alternative. However, train travels often mean longer travel time and a more expensive ticket price. An effective measure to even the price ratio between flights and other transport could be through carbon taxes. The study should provide a perception of students' willingness to pay since this area has shown a research gap. Also, there is a controversy of people's willingness to support environmental taxation. The study seeks to look into students' opinions and thoughts regarding willingness to pay and a carbon tax so improved policies could be developed. The purpose was also to study how willingness to pay for a carbon tax relates to an experienced state of knowledge of climate changes and attitude towards the environment. The study was performed with the Contingent valuation method where students were faced with a hypothetical trip, in order to examine their willingness to pay, price sensitivity when price increases, also reasons and driving forces for the choice of means of transport. The results show that the respondent’s willingness to pay is high and that there is a willingness to pay for a carbon tax. The results also indicate a relation between high knowledge of climate changes and high willingness to pay. In general, all respondents reveal an environmentally friendly attitude, however it does not show a connection to their willingness to pay.

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  • 27.
    Gannfelt, Josefin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nilsson, Stina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöpedagogers arbete vid våtmarker: “Vi behöver fler som bryr sig om våra våtmarker och vattendrag, ta vara på allt intresse som redan finns bland unga barn”2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people living in urban areas has increased significantly, and they spend lesstime in nature. At the same time climate change is taking place, which is being accelerated,among other things, by drained wetlands that emit carbon dioxide. This study explores howenvironmental educators work with excursions at wetlands to strengthen children's natureconnectedness, pay attention to the values of wetlands, and how excursions can contribute toreaching the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sweden's environmental goalsregarding wetlands. Semi-structured interviews with environmental educators and anobservation of an excursion to a wetland, were conducted in the study. The results show thatexcursions at wetlands can be crucial for children's nature connectedness, children'sunderstanding of the value of wetlands, and the development of empathic behaviors towardsnature. Through excursions at wetlands, children are involved with the wetlands andmeasures are taken to protect and preserve wetlands, which is an important part of achievingthe 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sweden's environmental goals. Althoughhuman activities in wetlands can be detrimental to biodiversity, excursions are necessary forfuture work on wetland prosperity. Future research should focus on long-term effects onchildren who are continuously on excursions in nature. 

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  • 28.
    Garhem, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Grip, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vägen från europeisk klimatlag till nationell lagstiftning och genomförandestrategier: En jämförelse av svensk och dansk lagstiftning i relation till byggsektorn2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Greenhouse gas emissions are the main contributing factor to today’s climate change and the construction sector contributes to almost a third of them. Reducing emissions in order to achieve the climate goals regarding climate neutrality in 2050, is a challenge for environmental legislation. A certain difference in interpretation from EU legislation arises when member states implement it into national legislation, due to giving up a part of their sovereignty in order to comply with these requirements. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in interpretation that arises in the transition between EU environmental legislation and national environmental legislation, in relation to the construction sector, in Sweden and Denmark. In addition, the study aimed to gain an understanding of how collaborative the construction sector in the Øresund region is, when it comes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The research method was based in grounded theory and a content analysis of legislative and corporate documents have been carried out to examine the difference in interpretation that arises in the legislation. The results showed that there was a difference in interpretation from EU legislation to each national legislation. The difference in interpretation signifies factors such as differences in cultural values and norms regarding nature and the environment, levels of cooperation and strategic measures to meet the climate goals. Furthermore, the results regarding the implementation strategies in order to reduce greenhouse gas emission in the Øresund region were similar. Finally, the result showed that the most important factors to examine in relation to the research question relates to collaboration within regions. 

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  • 29.
    Georgsson, Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Uppsala vatten och avfall AB.
    Sjötrafik och erosionskador i Furusundsleden2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has been conducted using a strategic selection method, semi-structured interviews, and a qualitative content analysis on the marine traffic in Furusundsleden. Using these methods, it was possible to observe that marine traffic causes erosion damage to the beach zone. Using the theory “willingness to pay” investigates whether shipping is financially defensible versus the environmental damage caused by shipping traffic. The conclusion is that the marine traffic through Furusundsleden is not sustainable due to it causing erosion damage to the marine and waterfront environment. It may be justifiable though through the economical view of the municipality of Stockholm. The social and ecological sustainability suffers as it is the individual property owners along Furusundsleden who are affected by the erosion damage and the deteriorating aquatic environment.

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  • 30.
    Germsjö, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kanhaleela, Iyara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Möjligheter eller motstånd: Politikers och tjänstemäns arbete i medelstora kommuner för att öka hållbar mobilitet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Road traffic creates several negative consequences for the environment but also for human health. Municipalities are responsible for local infrastructure and are therefore a significant part of the work with sustainable urban development. The study examined how politicians and civil servants in Sweden's medium-sized municipalities work to make the car less attractive and to increase sustainable mobility. The study was based on Sweden's environmental goals and the strategy that includes new milestones targets for sustainable urban development. The method consisted of semi-structured interviews with four politicians and four civil servants from medium-sized municipalities in Sweden. The results showed that municipalities work with sustainable mobility to different extents based on different conditions and needs, but that profit and residents opinion limit the work. The conclusions were that effective strategies are required to achieve sustainable mobility which includes increased opportunities for sustainable travel and resistance to car use. Having a functioning collaboration between politicians and civil servants and having an expert on site were also considered important priorities and measures. Since economic profit and residents' opinion is valued higher than the environment by the municipalities, it is necessary to prioritize the implementation of national governance and that the government must set demands on municipalities.

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  • 31.
    Goldring, Desiree
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Petersson, Ingrid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    “Pretty much just ‘fluffing’ around”: The complexity of safeguarding farmland biodiversity in Scania through the Greening2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified agriculture has led to a dramatic decline of farmland biodiversity in Europe during the 20th century, making farmland policies of utmost importance within the European Union [EU]. The Greening, which is a part of the Common Agricultural Policy [CAP] was created to combat the negative effects of intensified agriculture. However, the policy did not achieve the goal of safeguarding farmland biodiversity and will be replaced in the upcoming CAP-reform. This study researches if a landscape perspective and nature-inclusive farming can increase the efficiency of the Greening in Scanian farmlands. Through semi-structured interviews with professionals on a regional level, we investigated: What are the obstacles that hinder regional solutions to farmland biodiversity issues in Scania, Sweden? Through the lens of governance, the results emphasized a need for new arrangements between all stakeholders in order to solve the issue of declining farmland biodiversity in Scania. The main obstacles for incorporating a landscape perspective and nature-inclusive farming are the lack of regional influence in the Greening, short program periods, and low profitability for farmers. We argue that these obstacles stem from the complex, multilevel governing system of the EU, and the projectification of the CAP. We suggest adopting a Common Pool Resource [CPR] framework for farmland biodiversity in Scania as an efficient way of surpassing the obstacles. However, further research is needed to create a cohesive view of the use value of farmland biodiversity. We concluded that although the results might be applicable to other regions within the EU, it is important to further research other regions in terms of local landscape conditions and local governance for effective results.

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  • 32.
    Graveleij Andersson, Saga
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Elofsson, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Gynnsam naturkontakt till vild stadsnatur: perspektiv från invånare och stadsutvecklare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The city of Malmö is rapidly increasing in population and therefore plans to continue the ongoing dense development within the Yttre Ringvägen to accommodate housing and work opportunities. This development creates an uncertain future for green areas in Malmö, which already today has one of Sweden's lowest green areas per capita. Having access to qualitative green areas is covered by the Global Goals, among other things. Urban spaces of greenery are many people's most frequent interactions with nature and are therefore important for people's nature connectedness. The study examines the work with, and opinions about, incorporating more wild urban nature for the purpose of improving the quality of Malmö's nature in the form of biological diversity so that wild urban nature will contribute to increased nature connectedness in the city. The work with and opinions about wild urban nature were investigated through semi-structured interviews with residents and urban developers in Malmö. The study presents four themes that arose during the interviews about wild urban nature and the possibility of connecting with nature in the city: nature connectedness, environmental justice, risk and human ambivalence towards nature. The results show that the conflicts around what an urban nature is allowed to look like and whether a wild urban nature is dangerous or not characterize the discussion about how we can create sustainable urban development if nature is not allowed to take its place. Furthermore, the discussion shows that one should expand the work in urban planning to promote nature connectedness because it can lead to environmentally friendly behavior that promotes sustainable urban development. Knowledge transfer about the benefits of wild urban nature should also be communicated to residents to increase understanding and acceptance of wild urban nature.

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  • 33.
    Gudmé, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    ”Jag vill inte leva ett liv där jag märker att varje fotsteg som jag har tagit har lämnat spår av förstörelse”: En kvalitativ studie kring avgörande faktorer för en persons minskade klimatpåverkan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is now established that climate change will change the conditions for people on Earth. The purpose of the thesis is thus to investigate what factors motivate people to reduce their climate emissions and what obstacles they may encounter. With the help of four interviews and nine questionnaires, the essay's two research questions have been answered by asking questions to people who have chosen to reduce their emissions by changing their habits regarding flying, car ownership and consumption. The study showed that environmental commitment is linked to environmental knowledge and that it can develop an understanding of the negativec onsequences a high-consumption lifestyle can lead to. For the respondents in the study, it has led to a sense of responsibility and direct or indirect moral duty to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions as it has developed a high environmental consideration. This together with positive role models and a positive self-image has served as motivation for a changed lifestyle. Lack of knowledge, control perception, identity, habits, marital status and social and subjective norms have acted as obstacles and led to the respondents' adjustments taking time. The respondents in the study have made different achievements due to the various obstacles they encountered. The results show that they have a strong internal attitude structure as despite obstacles they have not stopped trying to change and instead started to re-evaluate their view of quality of life by changing attitudes toward what is happiness and luxury. It is possible to link the theories VBN and TPB to each other as values, perceptions and personal norms shape the environmental considerations that affect attitude, subjective norms and perceived control. 

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  • 34.
    Hansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Säljö, Amanda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Att lägga guld på taken: Energikrisen som drivkraft för förnybara energikällor: en fallstudie i Trelleborg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy crisis and climate change have made the implementation of renewable energy sources crucial to reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Homeowners account for a significant portion of the electricity consumption, and understanding their attitudes and behavior is of great importance to promote the implementation of renewable energy sources. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of how the energy crisis has affected the view of renewable energy and why the energy crisis has contributed to affecting the view of renewable energy, with a focus among house owners in Trelleborg municipality. The study also aims to identify measures to further promote the implementation of renewable energy. The method consisted of a case study based on grounded theory. The data was collected through interviews and secondary data. The results of the study showed that while the energy crisis led to a somewhat increased positive image and increased interest in renewable energy sources, there was an increased awareness regarding energy consumption in general and that homeowners were looking for ways to reduce their energy consumption. In particular, it appeared that the main motivation to engage in energy measures was economic in nature due to the energy crisis leading to high electricity prices, but that injunctive norms and lack of knowledge played a role in how renewable energy sources were viewed. The conclusions that were drawn were that individuals prioritize financial gains over the environment and that they can be guided by societal pressures that can shape ignorance and lead to rushed decisions in relation to renewable energy. To promote the adoption of renewable energy sources and increase positive attitudes, efforts are needed that include financial incentives, information campaigns and education. 

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  • 35.
    Heimerlöv, Kristin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    "Inte bara en planlösningsfråga": En uppsats om självorganiseringens potential samt hinder och möjligheter för fler kollektivhus i Malmö2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska bostadsidealet är resursintensivt och trenden mot ett ökat antal singelhushåll innebär att en ökande boyta- och resursförbrukning per person krävs för att tillfredsställa vardagens behov jämfört med hushåll där funktioner och resurser delas. Parallellt med denna trend syns ett ökat intresse för kollektivhus och andra former av bogemenskaper i Sverige. Flertalet studier visar på att kollektivhus som boendeform har potential att minska miljöpåverkan och resursanvändning för de boende. Denna uppsats undersöker vilka hinder och möjligheter som föreligger för att kollektivhus skulle kunna utgöra ett vanligare alternativ på bostadsmarknaden i Malmö. Vidare utforskar uppsatsen huruvida kollektivhusens redan etablerade sociala struktur kan underlätta för förmågan att dela på ytor och resurser, samt vilka belägg som finns för att boendeformen leder till lägre miljöpåverkan än en jämförbar konventionell boendeform. Resultatet av denna studie visar att krav på en ökad byggtakt verkar påverka incitamenten att utforska boendeformen från det kommunala bostadsbolagets sida. Den generella efterfrågan på kollektivhus bedöms som låg i studien samtidigt som informationsbrist och missuppfattningar kan påverka efterfrågan. Kommunen välkomnar i en ny markanvisningspolicy kollektivhus men efterfrågar samtidigt en tydligare efterfrågan underifrån för att det ska vara berättigat att sätta konkreta mål. En låg grad av organisering för kollektivhus i Malmö utgör ett hinder för boendeformen att växa sig större då kollektivhus kräver en organisering underifrån för att bostadsbolag ska vilja satsa på boendeformen. Den här studiens resultat pekar vidare mot att den självorganisering inom boendet som kännetecknar kollektivhus kan få positiva konsekvenser på förmågan att utveckla levnadssätt där delandet av ytor och resurser förekommer i större utsträckning. Studiens ringa omfång gör dock att resultatet inte är generaliserbart och mer forskning behövs för att kunna dra säkra slutsatser. Avsaknaden av kvantitativ forskning gör att det inte går att dra några slutsatser vad gäller kollektivhusens resursförbrukning och miljöpåverkan jämfört med andra boendeformer. 

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  • 36.
    Hofverberg, Hanna
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för estetiska ämnen i lärarutbildningen.
    Entangled threads and crafted meanings: students' learning for sustainability in remake activities2020In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 26, no 9-10, p. 1281-1293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the significance of students' encounters with materiality in general and with crafting materials in particular when learning for sustainability. The aim of the explorative study is to illustrate a research approach that can show what students and the material do in correspondence and what stories emerge from this activity. An explorative analysis is conducted via video recordings of a remake project in a Grade 8 handicrafts class in Sweden. The stories that the students recognise are the material's texture, shape and construction, which emerge from the materiality intrinsic to the crafting process and the intentions of the students, as these are visible in action. These stories provide possibilities, as well as set limits for, what is possible to remake. The stories are elaborated on by threading back to materiality concerns found in historical remake practice to recognise the educational possibilities for remaking pedagogy.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 37.
    Hovmöller, Elida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    ”…det vi vill göra är att producera god mat, som vi vill äta, till lokala människor helt enkelt…”: Småskaliga agroekologiska jordbrukares väg till balans2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, agriculture contributes to many climate-related problems such as loss of soil nutrients, greenhouse gas emissions and reduced biodiversity. To be able to engage in agriculture in the future, it is necessary that agriculture is restructured. Finding new methods of farming can be an important part of reducing the negative climate effects from the agricultural sector. Small-scale farming with an agroecological starting point can be part of the solution to this problem. The following study has examined five small-scale farms in southern Sweden and what motivates farmers in their choice of farming methods and how they balance their ideals with the real demands of resources. The study used sustainable development and Environmental Stewardship (ES) as a theoretical framework. To be able to assess sustainable development more easily, the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was used as a framework. The respondents expressed that they had strong inner motivations that could be traced to their underlying ethics and morals. The study also showed that ecological sustainability took up more space in the activities of small-scale farmers than did economic and social sustainability.

     

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  • 38.
    Håkansson, Andrea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Takkinen, Hanna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    ​Malmö municipality employees’ relation with nature in the context of flowering plants, pollinators and ecosystem services: An investigation of goals and conflicts within municipality work2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cities are facing a loss of green areas that are important for reasons such as the support of pollinators. Pollination of flowering plants is a part of the concept of ecosystem services and is beneficial for humans in providing food security and the upkeep of urban ecosystems. Malmö municipality has the ambition of being a role model for environmental work and has goals within their environmental program such as increasing biodiversity that is deemed crucial for the ecosystems’ ability to provide benefits to humans. The environmental program also clarifies the term ecosystem services in relation to the benefits gained from ecosystems. The purpose of this thesis was therefore to investigate factors affecting Malmö municipality employees' work with nature, their relation with the concept of ecosystem services and pollinators, and how these concepts and goals are expressed in relation to work with flowering plants. To achieve this, an abductive and qualitative approach was used, with semi-structured interviews as the data collection method. The analysis was performed by applying the chosen theoretical framework: goal-framing theory, the Planner's Triangle and two moral status theories; anthropocentrism and biocentrism. This study showed that planners’ goals cause conflicts in a social climate with an underlying anthropocentric and social perspective that led to work in nature that mainly benefits humans. The study also showed a lack of knowledge regarding the concept of ecosystem services and pollinators that often led to the concepts not being applied within the work of ornamental and aesthetically pleasing flowering plants. The study identified that hedonic, gain and normative goals from an anthropocentric perspective within the Malmö municipality employees led to a perspective on nature that resulted in work with flowers with aesthetic considerations.

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  • 39.
    Högsander, Emelie
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Larsson, Jonathan
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ljusets mörka sida: Ljusföroreningar och åtgärder för bevarandet av fladdermöss i Malmö2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ALAN increases exponentially with effective lighting technologies such as LED. Increased use of lighting, as a result of urbanisation, has contributed to a drastic decline of species during the last decades. One species group that is sensitive to light and negatively affected by light pollution is bats. Bats contribute to important ecosystem services such as pest control and seed dispersal. To preserve bats in cities, effective measures of lighting are required. In addition to lighting measures, there are other aspects to consider when it comes to lighting in urban environments, such as safety and perceived security, which make the problem complex. This study is based on Malmö as the research location. The study gathered empirical data through two methods, interviews, and observations. Thereafter the material was analysed by an integrated analysis method. The result showed opportunities for the conservation of bats in Malmö. Lighting measures that are beneficial for bats are PNL and LED lighting. The preservation of bats depends on acceptance, and through information when measures are implemented, the acceptance may increase even though it comes with the cost of less lighting. 

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  • 40.
    Isaksson, Ida
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Regnvattenåtervinning i svenska urbana byggnationer: barriärer och incitament för ökad implementering2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    The use of alternative water resources such as rainwater where drinking water quality is dispensable is an important measure towards a more sustainable water management. Despite raised awareness of future water scarcity, and despite a growing field of theoretical and practical competence, the development of rainwater reuse is progressing slowly in Sweden compared to other European countries. The following essay aims to investigate drivers and barriers concerning increased implementation of rainwater reuse, or RWH (Rainwater harvesting), in Sweden. Data collection was made by interviews with respondents from municipality, construction and from REWAISE, a project aiming to decrease drinking water usage and by notes from meetings, webinars and workshops with participants from relevant fields. The theoretical framework consisted of the keywords knowledge, legislation, economy, political influence and environmental engagement and urban environmental transition theory and was used in order to understand why alternative water sources are chosen, or neglected, in construction plans. The results showed that entrepreneurs often found the legislation to be confusing and wanting, and that RWH was associated with economic risks. Initiatives were also hampered by unclear legislation, and by shortages in the exchange of knowledge within the field. Builders and city planners ask for more explicit general outlines and for shared burden of responsibilities. Personal environmental engagement showed to be an important driver, but best effect was reached when it was combined with political support. 

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  • 41.
    Jakobsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sandberg, Anders
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Urban grön infrastruktur - identifiering av implementeringsmekanismer och hur dessa kan främjas: En fallstudie i Ronneby2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization, densification, and climate change cause multiple challenges to the urban environment. To address these challenges, green infrastructure are recognized measures, however not implemented to the extent required. The aim of this study was to contribute to the knowledge of the mechanisms important for the implementation of green infrastructure and how these mechanisms can be promoted. Therefore, we conducted a case study of a newly developed urban area in Ronneby, Sweden, where green infrastructure has been implemented. We applied transition management with the aim of understanding these mechanisms in a broader perspective, as well as green inside activism to add an element of agency for the implementation process. We combined qualitative semi structured interviews with public officials and private actors involved, as well as a content analysis of official documents related to the development of the investigated area. We found that six mechanisms are important for the implementation; long term thinking; a focus on flexibility; interdisciplinary collaboration; creating space for practical application; public involvement; and a focus on multifunctionality. To promote these mechanisms, the results show an importance in the mobilization of a widely shared ambition. Further, in order to achieve such a broad ambition, we emphasize that public officials with an environmental engagement can play an important role, however, external factors may also impact the process. 

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  • 42.
    Jani, Yahya
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Division of Sustainable Environment and Construction, School of Business Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Adsorption: A Cost-Effective Wastewater Treatment Technology for Removal of Conventional and Emerging Organic Contaminants2022In: Cost-efficient Wastewater Treatment Technologies: Engineered Systems / [ed] Mahmoud Nasr, Abdelazim M. Negm, Springer, 2022, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Water is a vital component for sustaining life on the earth because it is interacted with all metabolic activities of all living beings (human, plants, and others). The decomposition of organic pollutants, in general, causes oxygen deficiency in water bodies that can lead to severe damages in the ecosystem. Therefore, cost-effective innovative methods for the purification of wastewater is always needed. One of the most important methods that has gathered attention is adsorption. This method has witnessed continuous development in the case of the selected materials as adsorbents. Low cost as well as the production of new nano-materials have been used for the decontamination of water. In this chapter, a general overview based on the information available in the literature was produced to highlight the importance of adsorption as a method for the purification of water from conventional and emerging organic compounds.

  • 43.
    Johansson, Håkan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Norman, Thomas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hållbar väg till klimatmålet2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society faces major challenges in limiting emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) to sustainable levels both globally and nationally. The GHG emissions from the transport sector is large and road traffic emissions dominate. The challenges are also considerable for achieving other ecological and social sustainability, not least in terms of cities. 

    Research generally indicates that strategies for limiting climate change can contribute to social and ecological sustainability both through reduced climate change and through the measures themselves. Emissions from road traffic can be reduced through a transport-efficient society (shift and avoid), more energy-efficient vehicles and renewable energy (biofuels and electricity) and, above all, through a combination of these. Our question is how different paths of achieving the climate objective for the transport sector affect social and ecological sustainability, but also how feasible these paths are? 

    To get an answer to this, we start from three different scenarios that the Swedish Transport Administration has developed, and which all reach the climate objective for the transport sector. These scenarios combine the three ways to reduce emissions in different ways with different combinations of economic policy instruments. 

    The scenarios are described in detail and their sustainability is analyzed with the support of scientific literature and Swedish reports from authorities in the subject area. 

    The feasibility of the scenarios is also important. We investigate the possibility to implement the scenarios technically, politically and in terms of time and resources. Empirical data are obtained through a survey and interviews with some municipalities and regions in Sweden. 

    The results indicate that a scenario reaching the climate objective through electrification and biofuels is likely to make a negative contribution to both social and ecological sustainability. 

    Supplementing with taxes on fuel and mileage, so that the mileage for cars and trucks is reduced - can contribute to ecological sustainability. However, such a scenario does not contribute to social sustainability. 

    In order to contribute to both social sustainability and ecological sustainability, policy instruments to reduce car traffic need to be directed towards the city to a larger extent, at the same time as measures are implemented in the society to improve logistics and to make alternatives to car and truck more attractive. 

    In a longer perspective, a path that has the potential to stay within ecological and social sustainability should also be the path that is most feasible. At the same time, it can be stated that at least parts of society have not taken this path. Here, both better knowledge and policies are probably needed to get on the right path. A sustainable path to the climate goal. 

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    Hållbar väg till klimatmålet
  • 44.
    Jönsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hansen, Hannie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Allmännyttiga fastighetsföretag i klimatförändringarnas era: En kvalitativ studie om utmaningar och möjligheter för klimatanpassning och klimaträttvisa2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 45.
    Jørgensen, Kenneth Mølbjerg
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; University West.
    Bager, Ann Starbæk
    University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark.
    Keep the Machine Running: Entrepreneurship as a Practice of Control in the Neoliberal Economy2020In: Against Entrepreneurship: A Critical Examination / [ed] Anders Örtenblad, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 1, p. 57-76Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The argument here against entrepreneurship discourse is that it is used for transforming environmental and social problems into new market opportunities and to deregulate and cut back on support for people in precarious positions. We argue that these transformations destroy or promote unjust modes of entrepreneurship. Furthermore, entrepreneurship is an important weapon for capitalism to outsource and deny responsibility for the consequences of its actions. We show how this tendency operates through two stories about entrepreneurship. The first story is from a discourse concerning plastic pollution. In this story, entrepreneurship is presented as the solution to the problem concerning plastic pollution. The second story is about immigrants where exposed citizens are expected to find their entrepreneurial spirit and become self-sufficient within a hostile institutional system.

  • 46.
    Kreutzberg, Patric
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Thom
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svenska lantbrukares riskperception kopplat till övergödning från den egna verksamheten: En kvalitativ enkätstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eutrophication is an environmental problem which occurs from nutrient pollution, and the agricultural industry is the main polluter in Sweden. This study investigates farmer risk perception of eutrophication caused by nutrient loss from their own business. The results show that farmers in the study perceived a low contribution to eutrophication from their business, due to their mitigative actions, which lead to a perceived control. Most participants perceived low risks of eutrophication from their business, in which several other factors had been identified as being the cause. The farmers expressed biases towards their own practice, which results in the perception that other practices and trades have a bigger impact on eutrophication. The farmers also had a lack of perceived ecological risk, causing them to not understand how they can be affected by eutrophication. Furthermore, the farmers perceived high benefits from their businesses, making the risk perception low. They also demonstrate a distrust in authorities. Despite the low perceived risks, many of the participants were willing to implement further mitigative actions, but economic difficulties led to discounting of the environmental risks.

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  • 47. Kucharska, Lena
    et al.
    Jääger, Ulrika
    Vad påverkar miljömärkningens legitimitet ikonsumenternas ögon?: En miljövetenskaplig studie om konsumenters förtroendeför varumärket I love eco kontra miljömärkningen KRAV2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines what influence the legitimacy of eco-labels from a consumerperspective, if there is a difference in trust in companies' own eco-labels and organizationaleco-labels and how trust in eco-labels affects consumers' willingness to pay. Previous studieshave highlighted that trust is crucial for eco-labels to serve their purpose at the same time asthe number of eco-labels increases and creates confusion and uncertainty among consumers.Another problem is that foods labelled with organizational eco-labels have stricterrequirements and are third-party certified, while companies that label foods with their owneco-labels can regulate their standards, which affect the legitimacy of the eco-label. Toinvestigate the legitimacy of eco-labelling, the study applied a qualitative group interviewmethod in which a total of eight consumers were interviewed. The study has been limited tothe two Swedish eco-labels ICA's own brand I love eco and KRAV. The results from thesurvey indicate that the legitimacy of eco-labels has a significant role to play in consumerpurchasing decisions. According to consumers, a legitimate eco-label was one that complywith the requirements and third-party certification and when the price corresponds to thequality. These factors above also proved to play a significant role in the consumer'swillingness to pay. The difference in trust in I love eco and KRAV was due to a lack ofknowledge, as I love eco was considered less credible despite complying with the EUregulation and KRAV's rules for organic production. What has been noted to be most crucialfor the legitimacy of eco-labels is knowledge within the eco-labels, as there is a great lack ofknowledge among the consumers surveyed. 

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  • 48.
    Kärnekull, Mikael
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Solceller på jordbruksmark i Skåne: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av tillståndsprocessen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy transition in society requires large tracts of land for generating fossil-free energy and in correlation to the energy crisis in Skåne several companies have showed an interest in installing solar cells on agricultural land. In the permit process for large-scale solar parks multiple installations have been denied permission. Länsstyrelsen Skåne decided that the preservation of agricultural land is a more essential public interest than the expansion of energy production. Several of these decisions have been appealed to the court who have repealed the prohibitions. The different assessments of the authorities in these cases are caused by the fact that the Swedish Environmental Code is a framework law which means that the law is interpreted by each authority in each individual case. There is a lack of insight in how trade-offs are made in cases of solar cell installations on agricultural land, why laws are interpreted differently by authorities and what the implications of these decisions are for society in a longer perspective. A qualitative content analysis of public documents regarding permit processes linked to cases of solar cell installations on agricultural land was conducted to identify underlying causes to the different assessments of the authorities. With sustainability transitions, multilevel-perspective and legal interpretivism as the theoretical starting point for the analysis, the results of the study showed that there were several differences between the assessments and reasons for these differences could be explained by different economic and political interests as well as by a disagreement on how sustainability should be achieved. Problems identified by the study showed that sustainability issues in society can be made more difficult at the authority level due to different goals and priorities. The research design contributed to a deep understanding of the investigated material and the result had several similarities with previous research.

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  • 49.
    Larsson, Alva
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hur byggbranschen är i gasen: Om medvetenheten och byggsektorns utsläpp av växthusgaser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is the research result of the study conducted to try to find the common denominators between the construction industry and the climate crisis. During the education that the author has received, large parts of the teaching have been linked to the industry's climate impact and the non-existent climate awareness that the industry seems to have. As society's climate measures are perhaps the most important issue today, the author is interested in seeing how the theoretical claims about construction and the environment actually correspond to the practical reality. Reading about construction and architecture is one thing, but what happens physically in the industry is at least as crucial. Therefore, it is important that architecture students also study the practical reality, which is the reason why this report has been published. The research aims to show the simplicity required to solve and unite several complex systems based on understanding what the construction industry's greenhouse gas emissions depend on and how this can be reduced in the long term. This includes how the construction industry's active craftsmen and actors who may already be trying to influence the industry's transition to climate neutrality think and do, as well as how the higher efforts work in the issue. The research has been conducted through two cases, a Swedish Large City and a Swedish Small City, where comparisons in the planning work and sustainability work around the construction industry have been investigated. In this way, this research is triangulating. A database search is also done to support the case study and the interviews with theoretical knowledge. Several key people from the entire industry's value chain have been interviewed to gain an understanding of how the work is done at all levels and to see the attitude and how the knowledge levels are. Research shows that the climate crisis does not belong in our lives if we want to save future generations. The climate crisis unites world societies and business, and forces us to find new solutions for a common tomorrow. And the construction industry has a responsibility in that work just like everyone else. Just as suspected, there is in the world, the EU and Sweden a well-established work to counteract the climate crisis and achieve climate neutrality by the year 2045, but that this work is not followed up and worked on in a clear way by the private builders. The reasons for this are many. Among other things, poorly specified laws and regulations but also a large gap in the general level of knowledge among authorities and the industry's craftsmen or performers.

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  • 50.
    Lilja, Jessica
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Urbana grönområden i Helsingborg: En kvalitativ studie om urbana grönområdens betydelse för invånare i Helsingborg under covid-19-pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Former studies have shown that urban green spaces improve physical and mental health.Urbanisation and urban development result in green environments being replaced by buildings. This has a negative effect on urban residents as urban green spaces provide important ecosystem services. An urban lifestyle can involve health risks such as mental illness, cardiovascular disease, and physical inactivity. This study aimed to investigate through a qualitative approach, the importance of urban green spaces for individual residents of Helsingborg during the covid-19 pandemic. Ten qualitative e-mail interviews were conducted, and the empirical findings were analyzed with an inductive approach. The collected empirics resulted in the following themes: peace and quiet, gain energy, and change of scenery. The results were analyzed through the theoretical framework Attention restoration theory and Stress recovery theory. The results showed that urban green spacesare essential for the informant’s health, as they contribute to recovery and stress reduction, which are significant factors for good physical and mental health. The main conclusion of this study shows that by preserving urban green spaces, people’s quality of life can increase as urban green spaces contribute to better physical and mental health in society.

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