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  • 1.
    Abdikarim Hersi, Hanna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Abbasova, Esmiralda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Etiska och praktiska dilemman vid bevarande av hotade arter och deras livsmiljöer2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research report aims to investigate and analyze the extensive ethical factors that influence the decision-making process in nature intervention. Specifically, we examine the moral and practical dilemmas that can arise in such decisions, which are often complex and difficult to manage. 

    The purpose of this report is to enhance understanding of the role that ethics plays and should play in environmental conservation, particularly in relation to perspectives on the value of nature and the ethical positions taken by decision-makers. By conducting a scientific study using a systematic literature review and interviews, we have been able to obtain a broader understanding of the answer to our research question: "Where should the limit be placed on human intervention in nature?" There is a difference in focus between content analysis and interviews, with the former tending to have a more practical orientation and the latter having a more ethical orientation. This creates an impression of divergent directions in the written material. The various methods used in the research, namely the systematic literature review and interviews, yielded different insights. However, rather than finding a definitive solution, we have discovered that different methods and the state of knowledge in the field generate different insights, indicating that there is no simple answer. 

    By analyzing and discussing the obtained results in this report, we hope to contribute to a more nuanced and informed debate on the ethical aspects of nature intervention. We emphasize the importance of continued research and knowledge development in this area to better address the complex and sometimes contradictory issues that arise in decision-making regarding the conservation and utilization of nature. 

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  • 2.
    Abraham, Mimmi
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Thyr, Linnea
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Sveriges grönaste stad?: En studie om grönområdens värde och plats i Göteborg2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Green spaces in urban areas contribute with many key functions that are vital for both animals and humans, such as biodiversity, ecosystem services and positive health effects. However, the existence of green spaces and their functions are threatened by the rapid global urbanization that is causing land use changes. According to the City of Gothenburg’s local environmental goals, the city aims to become ecologically sustainable by the year of 2030 through increased biodiversity and nature conservation. Gothenburg has been named as Sweden's greenest city, although the green spaces in Gothenburg have decreased between the years 1986–2019 and will continue to decline due to exploitation. The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis was thus to increase knowledge about what stimulates decisions that cause a reduction of green spaces in Gothenburg despite set conservation goals, which was a neglected research area. To achieve the purpose, an inductive qualitative method was used with semi-structured interviews. The results were analyzed through theories of environmental psychology, environmental ethics and policy, namely values, goal-framing theory, value pluralism and wicked problems. The study concluded that Gothenburg's urban planning included several wicked problems and value conflicts that were expressed through goal conflicts, which negatively affected Gothenburg’s green spaces. Furthermore, strong hedonistic and egoistic values as well as gain goals, also had a negative impact on the existence of Gothenburg's green spaces.

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  • 3.
    Ahmad, Doaa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    Grönstrukturens funktion och betydelse för studenternas återhämtning (under covid-19 restriktioner)2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that exposure to the green environment provides health benefits. These benefits indicate among other things, recovery effect of stress, fatigue and attention-exhaustion, which is especially important for university students. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether there is a connection between university students' contact with the green structure in / near the study-environment and the students' experience of their study environment during the covid-19 restrictions. This with the help of a diary-survey as a pilot-study and telephone interviews. The analysis tool consisted of theoretical frameworks, Attention Restoration Theory (ART) and Stress Reduction Theory (SRT). Results and analysis have confirmed Attention Restoration Theory (ART), where it states that green natural environments have a recovery effect and attracts attention after a mental fatigue. In addition, it also confirmed the Stress Recovery Theory (SRT), which states that green natural environments have a positive effect on stress reduction, processing and recovery. The conclusion of this study is that green structure is of great importance to university students, as everyone chooses to reside or get in touch with green nature in one way or another, for example going for a walk in a green environment or staying in a cottage in the forest. That nature is a part of the students' everyday life seems to be above all an unconscious experience for most and takes place without recognition or processing of the environment. However, it appears that the process may be conscious for some students. 

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  • 4.
    Alam, Sultan
    et al.
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Ullah, Barkat
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Khan, Muhammad Sufaid
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Rahman, Najeeb ur
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Khan, Luqman
    Univ Malakand, Dept Chem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan.;Univ Peshawar, Natl Ctr Excellence Phys Chem NCE, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan..
    Shah, Luqman Ali
    National Center of Excellence in Physical Chemistry (NCE), University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan.
    Zekker, Ivar
    Univ Tartu, Inst Chem, 14a Ravila St, EE-50411 Tartu, Estonia..
    Burlakovs, Juris
    Estonian Univ Life Sci, Inst Forestry & Rural Engn, 5 Kreutzwaldi St, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia..
    Kallistova, Anna
    Russian Acad Sci, Winogradsky Inst Microbiol, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Leninsky Prospect,33,Build 2, Moscow 119071, Russia..
    Pimenov, Nikolai
    Russian Acad Sci, Winogradsky Inst Microbiol, Biotechnol Res Ctr, Leninsky Prospect,33,Build 2, Moscow 119071, Russia..
    Yandri, Erkata
    East Jakarta Timur, Darma Persadha Univ, Grad Sch Renewable Energy, Jl Taman Malaka, Jakarta 13450, Indonesia..
    Hendroko Setyobudi, Roy
    Univ Muhammadiyah Malang, Dept Agr Sci, Malang 65145, Indonesia..
    Jani, Yahya
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Zahoor, Muhammad
    Univ Malakand, Dept Biochem, Chakdara Dir Lower 18800, Pakistan..
    Adsorption Kinetics and Isotherm Study of Basic Red 5 on Synthesized Silica Monolith Particles2021In: Water, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 13, no 20, article id 2803Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Silica monolith particles (SMP) were prepared from Tetra-Methyl-Ortho-Silicate (TMOS) and characterized by Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and surface area analyzer. FTIR analysis showed the Si-O stretching confirming SMP formation. SEM analysis provided information about the mean diameter of SMP (1-5 mu m). EDX confirmed the presence of silicon and oxygen in the SMP. Moreover, the calculated surface area for SMP was found to be around 367 m(2)/g, whereas BJH pore size distributed particles were 87.15 along with the total pore volume and pore radius of 0.073 cm(3)/g and 16.627 & ANGS;, respectively. Besides, the removal efficiency was found to be about 96%. Various kinetic equations were used to calculate the adsorption parameters. Overall, the results show that the most appropriate model for the kinetics data was the pseudo-second order kinetics model while the mechanism of adsorption was best explained by the Langmuir isotherm. The highest removal of Basic Red 5 dye after 120 min at 298 K was 576 mg/g. Moreover, the thermodynamics parameters (Enthalpy, Gibb's energy, and Entropy) were also estimated. The & UDelta;H & DEG; (0.995 kJ/mol) value depicted the endothermic nature of the process. The non-spontaneous aspect of the process was evident from the & UDelta;G & DEG; values which were 60.431, 328.93, and 339.5 kJ/mol at 293, 303, and 313 K, respectively. From the high removal efficiency value, it can be concluded that the prepared adsorbent can be a potential adsorbent in the reclamation of dyes from wastewater.</p>

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  • 5.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Stjernborg, Kevin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Computer Science and Media Technology (DVMT).
    Giftfri: En mobilapplikation som varnar för farliga kemikalier i kosmetika2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemicals in cosmetics are dangerous for both humans and the environment. Multiple studies and reports estimate that Sweden will not reach its climate goals, in large part because of the usage of chemicals. The law meant to protect humans and nature against chemicals is flawed since it is based on a state of knowledge that is flawed. Mobile applications which are meant to increase awareness of chemical usage are flawed in scope, functionality and credibility.

     

    The purpose of this study is to develop a mobile application which improves upon the flaws identified in existing mobile applications. The study uses design science research methodology, DSRM, to develop the artefact. DSRM is an iterative process with six steps where the development process is documented. The study is carried out with the company Consid AB which acts as stakeholders for the research project. The mobile application is evaluated in a descriptive method and analyzed by the authors of the study.

     

    The results of the study show that the functional flaws identified from existing applications are possible to improve and that the developed application highlights chemicals with the flawed state of knowledge in mind.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svensson, Nora
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vinproduktion i Sverige.: Hur reflekterar vinproducenter kring vinproduktionens miljöpåverkan?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1999, Sweden was approved as a producer of commercial wines by the EU. In wine production, the environmental impact arises from the use of pesticides and irrigation and the manufacture and transport of bottles. The purpose was to investigate the environmental impact from wine production in Sweden, and how Swedish wine producers reflect on the environmental impact from their production. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Swedish wine producers from Skåne, Södermanland and Gotland. According to the wine producers, the factors that had the greatest environmental impact were the use of pesticides, the manufacture and transport of the bottles. Swedish wine producers work to be as sustainable as possible, but the opinions on which production method is the most sustainable differed and the wine producers therefore worked in different ways. Opinions about whether organic or conventional wine production is the most sustainable option, and which grape variety is best suited for cultivation in Sweden differed between the five wine producers. Common to all vineyards was that water use was low because only rainwater was used for irrigation and that all wine producers bottled the wine in glass bottles. However, there were differences of opinion in which weight of the glass bottle is most suitable.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Emil
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Olin, Cornelia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Åtgärder för en hållbar turism i Kebnekaise: En kvalitativ studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturturismen runt om i världen har sett en ökning de senaste åren, inte minst till följd avCovid-19 pandemin, en trend som även uppmärksammats på Kebnekaise. Allt fler människorsöker sig till platsen för att uppleva den vackra miljön, vilket leder till ett stigandebesökstryck till den sköra naturen. Den stigande mängden besökare leder till en högre grad avslitage och störningar på djur, natur och människor i området. Syftet med studien är därmedatt undersöka vilka åtgärder som krävs för att hantera problematiken som uppstår av ettökande besökarantal till Kebnekaise. För att besvara syftet användes en kvalitativ ansats medett urval semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet analyserades gentemot tidigare forskningoch kunskapsläge tillsammans med ett juridiskt ramverk för att avgöra vilka åtgärder som ärapplicerbara i nuläget, alternativt vad som behövs förändras för att kunna skydda vissamiljövärden. Studien kom fram till att det finns delade meningar bland informanterna kringvad och hur mycket som behöver göras, men att alla är överens om att mjuka styrmedel är detförsta som bör prioriteras innan hårdare lagstiftning, som ett områdesskydd, etableras. Detframgick däremot att för att skydda området från slitage av helikoptertrafik, cykling ochtältning behövs en förändring av allemansrätten eller ett införande av områdesskydd.

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  • 8.
    Andreasson, Sandra
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ohlin, Josefin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöanpassningar för restaurering av vattendrag i Sverige - Småskalig vattenkraft: Ska inte den vandrande fisken få lov att vandra?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hydroelectric power plants constitute migration barriers for the aquatic fauna in watercourses. The migrating fish are prevented from reaching their spawning areas, which has led to a reduced stock of fish. Omprövningen of hydropower in Sweden will place higher demands on environmental adaptations and the preservation of ecology. The electricity shortage in Europe has led to a pause of omprövningen. The pause makes it possible to gain additional knowledge about the execution of the restoration work before the implementation. The purpose of the study was to identify which challenges and opportunities exist with the restaureation of watercourses with hydropower, both from a social and ecological perspective. The method consisted of several interviews with people who had relevant knowledge for the study. The results showed that there are opportunities and challenges with cooperation, financing and restoration. The conclusion was that the omprövning contributes with possibilities such as clearer guidelines for cooperation, the environmental fund that can finance the environmental adaptations and that restoration measures will actually be implemented. The identified challenges were conflicts between different interests, the varying efficiency of a fish passage and financing the expensive adaptations. A removal produces rapid positive change and can therefore be considered the most effective environmental adaptation. Finally, restoration of watercourses is valuable for the aquatic fauna.

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  • 9.
    Areskoug, Mats
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Bidrar förbränningsvärme till växthuseffekten?2003In: Ny Teknik, ISSN 1402-4845, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Areskoug, Mats
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Varför flyter is?2003In: Ny teknik, ISSN 1402-4845, no 13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Areskoug, Mats
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Davidsson, Eva
    Malmö högskola, School of Teacher Education (LUT), Nature-Environment-Society (NMS).
    Klimat-X Experiments on Energy and Climate2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate and energy issues are part of our everyday life. Children's understanding of energy concepts and energy transformations is often insufficient. In Malmö, Sweden, a small science center, Klimat-X, tries to capture the students' fascination and interest and give them the opportunity of building their knowledge of scientific concepts concerned with energy and climate. Examples of experiments are described and the educational problems they are designed to address will be discussed. A pilot study on the influence of the experiments on students' understanding has been carried out. The students get a deeper understanding of energy chains, they see possibilities and not only problems in energy economizing and they find the experiments funny, interesting and instructive. It seems that Klimat-X could be a starting point for reflecting upon scientific issues that have an impact on decisions made in everyday life.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Augustsson, Adam
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Reindeer Husbandry and Wind Power: Discourses surrounding the construction of IKEA's wind park on Glötesvålen and its local effects on reindeer husbandry2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The exploitation of land in Northern Sweden has caused a significant depletion of grazing grounds for semi-domesticated reindeer. This is a threat to the indigenous Sami reindeer herders of Sweden, who rely on the grazing ground in order to sustainably feed their herds. In the last decade, a significant amount of grazing land has been lost due to the construction of wind power parks (WPP) in important grazing regions. This thesis examines the discourse surrounding a WPP built in Härjedalen for IKEA. The WPP was built on Glötesvålen, a unique highland used for grazing by Mittådalen, a local herding community. Through a dissection of electronic sources and semi-structured interviews, the author conducts a discourse analysis to identify the most prevalent narratives surrounding the construction of IKEA’s WPP on Glötesvålen. An inductive approach is used to identify underlying ideologies present in the discourse through a relevant theoretical framework. The results show a pervasive enthusiasm for the WPP as a pivot towards renewable energy which mirrors the ideology of ecological modernization. The results also find a critical narrative which lifts the uneven power dynamic experienced by reindeer herders. This narrative is understood through the lens of Spivak’s (2010) “Can the Subaltern Speak?”. An additional discourse found is the symbolic issue between industrial ecological transitioning and the right to reindeer husbandry as a cultural heritage. 

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  • 13.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University; Linnaeus University.
    Nordén, Birgitta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    We can only do it together: Addressing global sustainability challenges through a collaborative paradigm.2021In: Universities, Sustainability and Society:: Supporting the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Leal Filho, W.; Salvia, A.L.; Brandli, L. Pretorius; R., Azeiteiro, U., Springer, 2021, p. 239-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urgent structural change is required in higher education to allow collaboration both within and across universities so that achieving a rapid sustainability transition can become the overarching and main purpose of education, research and work in society. A review of the literature reveals that fragmentation, caused by traditional hierarchical faculty and disciplinary organisation, is a major obstacle to such goals. Additionally, universities today operate under a competitive paradigm that prevents the transfer and application of available knowledge, thereby blocking the development of new knowledge and coherent future-oriented approaches. Fragmentation and competition prevent universities from pooling resources, understanding major challenges holistically and using systemic approaches to address them. Political agendas, funding priorities and existing mechanisms of dissemination and evaluation of academic activity contribute to inertia. Rather than applying fragmented sustainability goals within rigid silo structures, action for sustainability needs to be coordinated among academic actors both horizontally and diagonally. This requires spaces for strategic thinking, concertation, open discussion and knowledge sharing. The insights achieved in strong sustainability research environments need to direct efforts towards achieving a rapid sustainability transition, and priority must be given to structures, networks and research that already enable concertation and collaboration.

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    Avery & Nordén Book Chapter In Leal Filho et al (Eds)
  • 14.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nordén, Birgitta
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    We can only do it together: Addressing global sustainability challenges through a collaborative paradigm.: Session 4: Comprehensive approaches to Sustainable Development: the integration of Curriculum, Research and Operations2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urgent structural change is required in higher education, to allow collaboration both within and across universities, so that achieving rapid sustainability transition can become not only the overarching but the main purpose of education, research and work in society. A review of the literature reveals that fragmentation caused by traditional hierarchical faculty and disciplinary organisation is a major obstacle to such goals. Additionally, universities today operate under a competitive paradigm which prevents the transfer and application of available knowledge, as well as blocking the development of new knowledge and coherent future-oriented approaches. Fragmentation and competition prevent universities from pooling resources, understanding phenomena holistically and using systemic approaches in the way we address major challenges. Political agendas, funding priorities, as well as existing mechanisms of dissemination and evaluation of academic activity contribute to inertia. Rather than applying fragmented sustainability goals within rigid silo structures, it is therefore argued that action for sustainability needs to be coordinated among academic actors, horizontally and diagonally. This requires spaces for concertation and strategical thinking. Insights achieved in strong sustainability research environments need to direct efforts, and priority must be given to structures, networks and research that already enable concertation and collaboration.

  • 15.
    Bengtsson, Erika
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Medborgarinitiativ och dess påverkan på kommunala klimatstrategier2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En klimatstrategi är ett styrdokument som används för att organisera klimatarbetet i en organisation utefter deras mål. Även fast flera författare tidigare har understrukit vikten av att medborgare ska vara involverade i beslut som rör miljöfrågor är det sällan invånare får påverka klimatstrategier. Syftet med den här studien var således att undersöka hur lokala medborgarinitiativ och medborgarna inom denna upplever att de kan påverka implementeringen av en kommunal klimatstrategi och påverka andra medborgare i deras omgivning. Frågeställningen löd ‘Hur påverkar medborgarinitiativ andra medborgare och implementering av kommunala klimatstrategier?’ Det teoretiska ramverket är hållbart medborgarskap, där medborgaren har en plikt att utföra handlingar som gynnar det allmänna goda.

    Sju semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts digitalt med medborgare inom medborgarinitiativet Helsingborgarnas Klimatavtal, och den kvalitativa datan har analyserats genom det teoretiska ramverket hållbart medborgarskap. Metodkritiken utgår från undersökningens låga externa validitet och tidsbegränsningen. I resultatet framkom det att gemenskapen inom och utanför Helsingborgarnas Klimatavtal gör att fler medborgare blir inspirerade till att skapa en beteendeförändring som gynnar både det allmänna goda och målen i kommunens klimatstrategi. Samarbetet mellan kommunen och medborgarinitiativet ger tjänstepersoner åtkomst till lokala kunskaper och åsikter samt genererar en ökad legitimitet till klimatstrategin. Det är dock viktigt att kommunen har en kontinuerlig kommunikation med medborgarna för att klimatstrategins implementering ska bli så framgångsrik som möjligt. För framtida forskning föreslås det att undersöka både medborgarnas  och kommunens  upplevelse  för en mer heltäckande  bild. 

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  • 16.
    Berndtsson, R.
    et al.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden..
    Becker, P.
    Risk Management and Societal Safety, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa..
    Persson, A.
    GIS Centre/Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden..
    Aspegren, H.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; VA SYD, SE-211 20 Malmö, Sweden.
    Haghighatafshar, S.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Jönsson, K.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Larsson, R.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Mobini, S.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Mottaghi, M.
    Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; VA SYD, SE-211 20 Malmö, Sweden; Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Jerry
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nordström, J.
    AgriFood, Economics Centre, Lund University, SE-220 07, Lund, Sweden.
    Pilesjö, P.
    Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; GIS Centre/Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Scholz, M.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Department of Civil Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Johannesburg, South Africa; Directorate of Civil Engineering, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, M5 4WT, United Kingdom.
    Sternudd, C.
    Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Sörensen, J.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Tussupova, K.
    Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden; Center for Transfer of Technology, Karaganda State Medical University, 100004, Karaganda, Kazakhstan.
    Drivers of changing urban flood risk: A framework for action2019In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 240, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first group has high impact but is manageable at city level. Typical drivers in this group are related to the physical environment such as decreasing permeability and unresponsive engineering. The second group of drivers is represented by public awareness and individual willingness to participate and urbanization and urban sprawl. These drivers may be important and are manageable for the cities and they involve both short-term and long-term measures. The third group of drivers is related to policy and long-term changes. This group is represented by economic growth and increasing values at risk, climate change, and increasing complexity of society. They have all high impact but low manageability. Managing these drivers needs to be done in a longer time perspective, e.g., by developing long-term policies and exchange of ideas.

  • 17.
    Blanco Storz, Ana Frida
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Friedman, Kelsey
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Climate Science Communication and Corporate Social Responsibility: The role climate science communication plays in the action corporations in the food industry are taking toward reaching global climate goals2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate Science Communication is an important tool for helping organizations set strategies to reduce their climate impact. As a major contributor to global climate warming emissions, the food industry needs to take stronger action to reduce their climate impact if the world wants to achieve the global climate goals committed to in the 2015 Paris Agreement. To ensure they meet the climate commitments in their Corporate Social Responsibility strategies, corporations in the food industry should use science-based targets, which research shows are more effective and ambitious. Through the context of Sweden, a country which has set strong emissions reduction policy, this thesis investigates the role that Climate Science Communication and stakeholder communication play in the actions that corporations in the food industry are taking to help achieve the global climate goals.

    This qualitative study analyzes the firsthand accounts of ten professionals across the food, science communications, and science research industries. Interviews with the participants explore stakeholder management in science communication, the role of collaboration within the science and food industries, and what gaps they see between the science community and the food industry when establishing corporate climate strategies.

    Results suggest that there is a necessary, and often missing, link between the food industry’s climate strategies and the climate research that informs them. Using principles from Stakeholder Theory, Communications Accommodation Theory, and Cross-Sector Collaboration can help bridge this gap. Improved stakeholder collaboration, better efforts to help decision makers understand climate science, changes to corporate behaviors, and systemic changes in both the corporate world and academia can improve the relationship between the science community and food industry, leading to more effective and impactful climate strategies and results.

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  • 18.
    Borgkvist, Minna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nyholm, Cornelia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Cirkulära flöden inom avfallssektorn: En fallstudie om Sysav2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society is actively trying to change from a linear economy, which has been the norm, to a circular economy: a society permeated by extending the life of products, consuming less and making use of the finite natural resources that remain. Waste is something that should be seen as resources. There are guiding documents, legislation and tools, like the EU’s waste hierarchy, to follow and make use of, at an international, a national and a local level. This case study examines how employees at Malmö-based Sysav (Sydskånes avfallsaktiebolag) work with circular flows and circular economy in their everyday work, how they view the waste hierarchy and how they relate to governing documents. Semi-structured interviews were used as the method and ten employees at the company were interviewed. The result shows that the employees at Sysav, due to their different experiences and professional roles, work very differently with circular flows, and have different ideas about what it means. A number of new ideas for improvements and efficiencies emerge that could be implemented. Finally, Sysav as a company shows that there are a number of measures that can be applied to create more circular flows.

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  • 19.
    Broberg, Saga
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Karlsson, Christina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kollaborativ modekonsumtion - en miljömässigt hållbar konsumtionsmodell?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a part of sharing economies, collaborative fashion consumption has been developed as a business model mainly based on digital platforms. Development of new technology enables companies to offer customers easy access to alternative forms of clothes consumption. The environmental impact generated by the fashion industry has been a subject for discussions among researchers. From production to creation of fast fashion trends, the fashion industry has an immense environmental impact throughout the whole value chain. The fast paced fashion trends brought by the industry has led to an overconsumption of clothes. Therefore the whole fashion industry needs to be transformed to be able to become more sustainable in the future. Collaborative fashion consumption is a new business concept, where research is still needed. Although collaborative fashion consumption has received increasing attention in the academic field, more research is needed. Therefore we consider collaborative fashion consumption as a business model important to be examined in an environmental context to identify challenges, as well as possibilities for development. This study is implemented by qualitative interviews made with both founders of collaborative consumption business models as well as experts with a professional background within textile, fashion and sustainability. Our results are based on the findings of the most environmental barriers and opportunities for development within the future collaborative consumption.

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  • 20.
    Bunde, Lasse
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Svärd Nilsson, Lowe
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Fytoextraktion: Är Senapskål en lämplig kandidat vid sanering av förorenade områden?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heavy metal contaminated soils are a growing problem worldwide. Part of the solution is todecontaminate the contaminated areas. Conventional decontamination methods have provedto be unsustainable for the environment because of extensive disruption of existing soilstructures. A suitable decontamination alternative is phytoextraction. This study examines theextraction of cadmium, arsenic and lead from contaminated soil using arugula (Eruca sativa).In addition, it is investigated how the biomass growth of arugula is affected by the heavymetals. Studying arugulas’ tolerance level towards cadmium, arsenic and lead in combinationwith its ability to accumulate the heavy metals is of interest in determining whether arugula issuitable for phytoextraction or not. This study was based on a cultivation experiment wherearugulas were planted in soil contaminated with 1318 mg/kg cadmium, 1103 mg/kg arsenicand 2307 mg/kg lead that originated from Alsterfors glassworks in southeastern Sweden. Toperform statistical analysis tests arugulas were planted in reference soil as a comparisongroup. The result showed a significant difference between the biomass growth of the arugulain the different soils, the average biomass value of arugulas in the contaminated soil was0.33g and 1.28g in the reference soil. In addition, the results showed that arugulaaccumulated low levels of all three metals. Based on the results, it can be concluded thatarugulas are not suitable for phytoextraction regarding biomass growth and uptake ofcadmium, arsenic and lead.

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  • 21.
    Burlakovs, J.
    et al.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Vincevica-Gaile, Z.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Bisters, V.
    University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Hogland, W.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Kriipsalu, M.
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia.
    Zekker, I.
    Tartu University, Estonia.
    Setyobudi, R. H.
    University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia.
    Jani, Y.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Anne, O.
    Klaipeda University, Lithuania.
    Application of anaerobic digestion for biogas and methane production from fresh beach-cast biomass2022In: 3rd EAGE Global Energy Transition, GET 2022, European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE , 2022, p. 61-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, biogas production potential from beach wrack collected in Riga Gulf (Ragaciems, Jaunķemeri, Bigauņciems) and in coastline of Sweden (Kalmar) was studied using an anaerobic digestion method. Selected beach wrack masses laying ashore and containing macroalgal biomass of common macroalgae types specific to the Baltic Sea were mixed for consolidated samples. Anoxic fermentation of untreated beach wrack was carried out in 16 bioreactors applying a single filling mode at 38 °C. The study revealed that by utilizing beach wrack accumulated ashore as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion methane can be utilized if pretreatment and conditioning of the samples are performed. The study was continued for selected brown algae containing biomass tested with three dewatering pretreatment methods: a) keeping in tap water for 24 hours; b) washing with running fresh water for one hour, and c) drying to relatively constant weight. The resulting methane outcome was compared with the data corresponding to raw brown algae. The study confirmed that washing of macroalgal biomass applied as pretreatment prior to anaerobic fermentation avoids inhibition of salts and promotes biomethane production.

  • 22.
    Burlakovs, Juris
    et al.
    Department of Environmental Science, University of Latvia, Latvia.
    Jani, Yahya
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Grinfelde, I.
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Latvia; Scientific Laboratory of Forest and Water Resources, Latvia.
    Pilecka, J.
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Latvia; Scientific Laboratory of Forest and Water Resources, Latvia.
    Valujeva, K.
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Latvia; Scientific Laboratory of Forest and Water Resources, Latvia.
    Geophysical aspects of abandoned landfill geomorphological and material properties macro-characterization2020In: 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, STEF92 Technology , 2020, Vol. 20, p. 551-558, article id 1.2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Landfills (dumps) are places where the end of the life cycle of products can be found - useful material is dumped away from the sight creating contaminant flows around. Another problem is huge unexplored potential of resources recycling - we have limited knowledge also on useful elements and materials that are buried. The solution to overcome the limitations that provide remote sensing and traditional geodesy, proximal sensing techniques could be used. “Near surface geophysics” with operation at or just below the soil surface, significantly may contribute to give answers that traditionally are solved only after excavation. Geophysical methods are various, those can be active (i.e. create its own signal) or passive (i.e. register an existing signal); invasive (by inserting devices into the soil) or non-destructive. Some of these methods are static (e.g. a sequence of inserted electrodes), others can be used in a mobile way (e.g. pulled by a quad-bike). In general, their depth of exploration can vary from a few decimetres to some tens of metres. Thus in range of wide geophysical methodology spectrum almost all methods might be of use for unknown dump exploration depending on circumstances. In this paper, the aim is to macro-characterize anthropogenic geomorphological forms for contouring of old buried dumps by use of magnetometry, and geoelectric research methods to provide knowledge on approximate content of the dump. Protonmagnetometer was used in Eastern Latvia to determine unseen on surface dumpsite, buried in forest; induced polarisation and electric resistivity research was done in Southern Sweden for the macro-content analysis of dump hills composed of glass industry residuals and construction waste mixture. Geophysical surveying was performed to support site investigation with respect to landfill-related environmental problems, to enhance the opportunity for contouring of location of material mass and initially evaluate its physical properties. Results have shown good potential of geophysical surveying to spatially characterize landfill masses (location and dimensions) and to identify the internal structure of a landfill site, which already provides valuable information to estimate the landfill mining (material recovery) potential of landfills.

  • 23.
    Cai, Zhanzhang
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Junttila, Sofia
    Lund University.
    Holst, Jutta
    Lund University.
    Jin, Hongxiao
    Lund University; Technical University of Denmark.
    Ardo, Jonas
    Lund University.
    Ibrom, Andreas
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Peichl, Matthias
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå.
    Molder, Meelis
    Lund University.
    Jönsson, Per
    Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics (MTM).
    Rinne, Janne
    Lund University.
    Karamihalaki, Maria
    Lund University.
    Eklundh, Lars
    Lund University.
    Modelling Daily Gross Primary Productivity with Sentinel-2 Data in the Nordic Region-Comparison with Data from MODIS2021In: Remote Sensing, E-ISSN 2072-4292, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The high-resolution Sentinel-2 data potentially enable the estimation of gross primary productivity (GPP) at finer spatial resolution by better capturing the spatial variation in a heterogeneous landscapes. This study investigates the potential of 10 m resolution reflectance from the Sentinel-2 Multispectral Instrument to improve the accuracy of GPP estimation across Nordic vegetation types, compared with the 250 m and 500 m resolution reflectance from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). We applied linear regression models with inputs of two-band enhanced vegetation index (EVI2) derived from Sentinel-2 and MODIS reflectance, respectively, together with various environmental drivers to estimate daily GPP at eight Nordic eddy covariance (EC) flux tower sites. Compared with the GPP from EC measurements, the accuracies of modelled GPP were generally high (R-2 = 0.84 for Sentinel-2; R-2 = 0.83 for MODIS), and the differences between Sentinel-2 and MODIS were minimal. This demonstrates the general consistency in GPP estimates based on the two satellite sensor systems at the Nordic regional scale. On the other hand, the model accuracy did not improve by using the higher spatial-resolution Sentinel-2 data. More analyses of different model formulations, more tests of remotely sensed indices and biophysical parameters, and analyses across a wider range of geographical locations and times will be required to achieve improved GPP estimations from Sentinel-2 satellite data.

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  • 24.
    Dabaieh, Marwa
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Heinonen, Jukka
    El-Mahdy, Deena
    Hassan, Dalya M.
    A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks2020In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 275, article id 122998Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a comparison of the life cycle carbon emission (LCCO2) and embodied energy calculation between two kinds of bricks, sun-dried and fired clay, as means of evaluating the energy and climate impact of each brick type and the economics of production. Focus is paid to the differences across the whole production chain between sun-dried clay bricks, which represent the traditional norm, and fired clay bricks, which are the most widely-used walling materials in conventional buildings. A case study was carried out in Dakhla Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. The results of this study show that if sun-dried bricks are used instead of fired bricks, a reduction of up to 5907 kg CO(2)e (in CO2 emissions) and 5305 MJ of embodied energy for every1000 bricks produced could be achieved. The paper concludes by offering alternative scenarios for brick-making and suggestions for improving sun-dried brick production. The methodology used in this study contributes to the development of an investigative-comparative way to assess choices between building materials. It also intends to help inform local homeowners and building practitioners not only in Egypt, but also globally, about resource depletion, energy consumption, and harmful emissions from fired industrial bricks as a common building construction material. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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  • 25.
    Dracic, Melisa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Omvandla Malmö till en "svampstad"?: En studie om sponge city-konceptet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The occurrence of water related problems such as extreme precipitation, floods, drought and water scarcity will increase in urban areas as a result of global climate change. The sponge city-concept is an urban stormwater system launched in China and aims to improve the water management in cities by restoring the city’s capacity to absorb, infiltrate, store and purify water. This study aimed to investigate if the sponge city-concept could be implemented in Malmö by answering the question “What possibilities and obstacles exist for Malmö to implement the sponge city-concept?”. Through a systematic literature review and content analysis in combination with the theoretical framework, which was based on the concept climate change vulnerability, the results showed that there are some possibilities but also obstacles. The main obstacle that was identified is that the ground in Malmö largely consists of dense moraines which forms an obstacle for the infiltration measures that are included in the sponge city-concept. Some possibilities that were identified is that the sponge city-concept can decrease the sensitivity to harm that occurs in relation to the exposure level but also that Malmö’s adaptation capacity is relatively high. However, because this study only investigated specific physical/environmental aspects within the sponge city-concept, more studies that consider more aspects are required if an implementation of the concept would become prevailing. 

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  • 26.
    Drecun, Mattias
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöbrott: En kvalitativ studie om verksamheters illegala avfallsdumpning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing demand for construction activities, large amounts of materials are produced that can be reused and recycled. This great potential for reuse and recycling is lost through various shortcomings in society's handling of it. One of the most common environmental crimes in Sweden is illegal waste dumping, which gives rise to various types of environmental pollution and deterioration of landscapes. This study aimed to shed light on how the actors who should or can counteract illegal dumping of construction and demolition waste in Sweden look at how illegal waste dumping arises and how they think society can counteract it. Through semi-structured interviews with an environmental expert, environmental and health protection inspector, environmental crime investigator, environmental prosecutor and environmental educator I investigated how these actors see the emergence of illegal waste dumping and how society can counteract it. The result was analysed through the theoretical framework of the legitimacy theory. The actors' perspectives showed that companies that carry out illegal waste dumping have no environmental considerations, and that companies' perception that environmental legislation is illegitimate was due to economic reasons, and that it is mainly revisions in legislation that are needed to combat companies’ illegal waste dumping. The discussion presented proposals for further research to investigate how a sustainable waste management system can be achieved where the legitimacy for environmental law is fulfilled in order to prevent and combat companies' illegal waste dumping.

  • 27.
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Spridning av urbana miljöer och dess effekter på ekosystemtjänster2020In: Landskapets betydelse: ELC och EST som inspiration för ett hållbart landskap / [ed] Karen Lagercrantz, Malmö: Opto HB , 2020, , p. 76p. 62-66Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 28.
    Ekenberg, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Jönsson, Sussie
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Brankosdotter, Smilla
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hållbarhetsrapporter och tillsynsrapporter - förhållandet mellan teori och praktik2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As awareness of environmental issues increases, the public's expectations on environmental work and consciousness has expanded to include businesses and authorities. In order to meet these expectations and work towards sustainable development, businesses produce sustainability reports while supervisory authorities compose supervisory reports. In this study, the sustainability reports of six Swedish businesses from three different industries in Skåne are compared. The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not the contents from both the sustainability reports and the supervisory reports overlap and to further explore how the business's own theoretical description of their sustainability work corresponds with the supervisory authorities' assessment. To fulfill this aim two different types of content analysis were used, relational and conceptual, in order to compile and interpret the content of the various documents. Themes, codes and concepts were identified and further analyzed as well as compared with the help of relevant theories and concepts. The study shows that there are similarities between the content of all reports, most prominent in the identified categories; legislation and environment. Differences between the reports were varied and could mainly be identified within areas where the companies had differing focuses, an example of this is within the category; social.

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  • 29.
    Ekfrost, Andreas
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Mr..
    “Äta ska vi ju göra.”“Mer än att bara producera mat.”: Hållbar odling ur olika perspektiv, en jämförelse av konventionella jordbrukares och skogsjordbrukares tankar kring miljö, samhälle och skogsjordbruk.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified agriculture is considered as contributing to negative environmental changes. More positive methods of agriculture are advocated by IPCC and IPBES to halt these negative changes and agroforestry is one method that is considered as a sustainable alternative. Agroforestry as an agricultural method is only found in a few places in Sweden but is found in other parts of Europe and the world as a productive system with many environmental advantages. The purpose of this study was to examine what conventional farmers and agroforestry farmers thought about their work in relation to the environment and society and what their views were on agroforestry. Participants from the different methods were recruited to participate in separate focus groups and among these participants, one farmer from each method was recruited for participant observation. Both types of farmers had strong nature connectedness and cared about nature conservation. The conventional farmers saw themselves as stewards of nature and an important part of society that could work with the environment for food production and economic gain. At the same time, the conventional farmers could be seen as both involuntarily locked in and defending a mainstream - the established industrial society. They wanted to improve the environment but were stuck in an economic circle. The agroforestry farmers functioned as a counterpoint - a reaction against the established agricultural system which they considered unsustainable. Instead, they wanted to show an alternative society and way of farming. The agroforestry farmers were driven by a will to change and an ecological focus with an ecocentric and broader view of nature. Both groups believed that a better subsidy system could lead to more environmental work.

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  • 30.
    Faringstam, Isabelle
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Protecting the proper Baltic harbour porpoise: An evaluation of Sweden’s conservation plan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More than a third of the earths marine mammal species are threatened. This study aims to analyze and evaluate the conservation of the proper Baltic harbour porpoisein Sweden. The population is estimated to consist of only 500 individuals and are likely to be extinct if measures are not taken. A new Swedish conservation planfor harbour porpoises will be implemented in 2021 and will be the first since 2013. This study analyzes the suggested conservation plan and aims to identify strengths and weaknesses in the actions. Through a grounded theory approach, a qualitative content analysis is performed to identify the action strengths and weaknesses. A scoring matrix was developed to create indicators of the actions effort, delivery and conservation. The findings show that the short-term goals and the actions have a multidirectional approach which lack an alignment to the vision and the long-term goal of the plan. The study presents the action efficiency, which shows the need for, and importance of prioritizing the actions with the most potential impact for conservation. Mainly, the study provides a framework for species conservation plan evaluation and by performing the plan evaluation prior to implementation, the study contributes to the field of environmental evaluations.

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  • 31.
    Ferrans, Laura
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Jani, Yahya
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Hogland, William
    Linnaeus University.
    Chemical extraction of trace elements from dredged sediments into a circular economy perspective: Case study on Malmfjärden Bay, south-eastern Sweden2021In: Resources, Environment and Sustainability, ISSN 2666-9161, Vol. 6, article id 100039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Worldwide, sediments are dredged from water bodies to guarantee proper water levels and remediate aquatic ecosystems. Dredged sediments contain metals that could interfere with recycling if the concentrations overpass permissible limits. Washing of elements from sediments represents a technique to decrease the concentration of metals, and it could introduce a new source of elements. The current study aimed to employ ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and ethylenediamine-disuccinic acid (EDDS) and investigate the effect of operational parameters (concentration and pH) on the chemical extraction of metals from dredged sediments. Core sediments were extracted from sampling stations around Malmfjärden bay, Sweden. The results suggested that lead, zinc and copper were the elements with higher extraction rates, followed by arsenic and nickel. Chromium was poorly extracted. EDTA was more efficient than EDDS in dissolving the elements. Moreover, acidic conditions offered higher extraction rates for As using both chelators and for Pb employing EDTA. The 0.05 M concentration presented a higher mean extraction rate than 0.01 M for Cu, Cr and Ni for EDTA and EDDS. The findings in this study suggest that sediment washing is a promising technique to decrease metal concentrations in sediments and enhancing the feasibility to use the material for beneficial uses.

  • 32.
    Flokén, Emma
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Cato, Sofia Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ekologisk funktionalitet i Malmö: En jämförande undersökning av biodiversitet i Varvsparken & Strandparken2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urbanization is a major threat to biodiversity as the expansion of cities leads to places thatpreviously constituted important habitats being replaced by hard-made surfaces, buildingsand human activity. The new way of thinking in urban planning is called densification.Densification negatively affects biodiversity because the natural migration of species ishindered by buildings and hard-built surfaces. The aftermath shows that ecosystems in urbanenvironments become weaker and the ecosystem services such as air purification, pollinationand stormwater management gets compromised. Biodiversity in urban environments isimportant both for people in the city via health benefits, but also because the composition ofspecies in the city contributes to a strong and sustainable ecosystem. The purpose of thisstudy is to investigate the biodiversity using bioindicators, in form of trees and birds, in twoparks: Varvsparken, Västra Hamnen and in Strandparken, Limhamn. The biological diversityin the parks has been analyzed with χ² Goodness of fit, the Shannon Wiener index and a tablewith qualitative criteria for an ecologically functional biodiversity. When assessing the parkswith the table, it emerged that Varvsparken has a higher variety of vegetation thanStrandparken. The result of the χ² tests showed that there was a statistically significantdifference between the number of trees and birds observed in the parks. The Shannon Wienerindex showed that Strandparken had a higher diversity of birds and native trees thanVarvsparken, but that Varvsparken had a higher diversity when comparing both native andexotic trees. Our study shows the relationship between urban green areas, biodiversity andpeople's well-being is important in order to have a sustainable and thriving urbanenvironment.

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  • 33.
    Forss, Matilda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Friberg, Li
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år för miljövänliga attityder och beteenden2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kunskapsöversikt syftar till att undersöka hur klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år kan utformas för att bidra till miljövänliga attityder och beteenden i klimatundervisning. Arbetet behandlar även hur lärare kan minska klimatångest hos elever i klimatundervisning. Ämnet är av stor relevans att undersöka då forskning om klimatundervisning i förskoleklassen och skolans 1–3 (F–3) är begränsad. 

    För att få svar på frågeställningarna genomfördes en informationssökning i databaserna ERC och ERIC. Olika sökord har kombinerats med hjälp av boolesk sökteknik och frassökning för att hitta relevanta källor. Ytterligare sökteknik som använts är kedjesökning med hjälp av valda forskningsartiklars referenslistor. Totalt valdes 21 artiklar och rapporter ut. Då forskning om klimatundervisning i skolans tidiga år är begränsad har generaliseringar gjorts utifrån vad utvald forskning om klimatundervisning för andra årskurser än skolans F–3 beskriver. 

    Resultatet presenterar användbara undervisningsstrategier med varierande arbetssätt som kan vara gynnsamma i klimatundervisning för att utveckla positiva attityder och beteenden. Exempel på strategier som tas upp är diskussioner, att möta klimatvetenskapen, hantera missuppfattningar samt att göra lokala projekt. Dessa strategier kan implementeras i undervisningen genom erfarenhetsbaserat lärande, rollspel och användning av skönlitteratur. Arbetssätten som presenteras kan minska klimatångest och istället bidra till hopp för att utveckla miljövänliga attityder och beteenden. Slutsatserna som dras i kunskapsöversikten är att arbetet med klimatundervisning bör påbörjas i så tidig ålder som möjligt trots bristande direktiv från läroplanen för grundskola samt för förskoleklassen och fritidshem (LGR11). Att lärare för de lägre årskurserna kan välja att inte genomföra klimatundervisning med tanke på de bristande direktiven samt i oro för att väcka negativa känslor som klimatångest hos elever är ännu en slutsats som dras. På grund av att klimatångest är ett faktiskt problem är det av största vikt att fokusera på undervisning som bidrar till hopp. 

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  • 34.
    Forss, Matilda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Friberg, Li
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Lågstadielärares upplevda utmaningar med klimatundervisning inom de naturorienterande ämnena2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar är i dagens samhälle ett påtagligt problem och skolans uppdrag är att lära ut området för unga. Det komplexa ämnet kan orsaka utmaningar och känslor, specifikt klimatångest, som lärare tvingas hantera för att stödja elever att bli medvetna och uppmuntrade till att arbeta för hållbar utveckling. Däremot behandlas inte klimatförändringar i någon större utsträckning i det centrala innehållet i läroplanen för NO-ämnena i årskurs 1-3. 

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka lärares upplevda utmaningar med klimatundervisning inom NO-ämnena i de lägre årskurserna och hur dessa hanteras. Studien syftar även till att undersöka hur NO-lärare hanterar klimatångest i undervisningen. 

    Studien genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem NO-lärare för årskurs F- 3 och materialet analyserades genom tematisk analysmetod. Analysen utgår från teoretiska begrepp, exempelvis klimatångest och eco-anxiety, samt känslohanteringsstrategier för att diskutera resultatet. 

    Resultatet visar att de utmaningar NO-lärarna såg var nivåanpassning, media, lärarnas egna engagemang samt kunskaper och transparens. Engagemang var den mest uttalade positiva känslan lärarna upplevde hos både sig själva och eleverna. Negativa känslor som klimatångest och oro var synligt hos lärare och elever. Lärarna hanterade utmaningarna genom att börja klimatundervisningen tidigt och inte ignorera fenomenet. De arbetade även elevnära och lösningsfokuserat. 

    Utifrån resultatet blir det synligt att klimatångest skulle kunna ses som en stor utmaning med NO- och klimatundervisning på lågstadiet. Lärarnas erfarenheter av hantering av klimatångest som utmaning utgår mestadels från menings- och problemfokuserade strategier och i mindre grad emotionsfokuserade hanteringsstrategier. 

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  • 35.
    Friberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Haugland, Tove
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Climate change adaptation in agriculture - securing food, livelihoods and the environment: From a farm-perspective2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conventional agriculture has impacts on the environment such as soil degradation, biodiversity loss and pollution of ecosystems, which could be enhanced further by climate change. The effects can be more or less extensive depending on whether adaptation is carried out. Agriculture in Sweden is controlled by EU- and national regulations that set the rules and possibilities for adaptation through financial and advisory support. This study aimed to examine what impacts climate change will impose on the agriculture in Sweden, as well as how the theoretical and practical side of the adaptation measures available through policy regulations, is perceived on farm level. The question of research was: ‘How sufficient are the agricultural policy regulations in enabling Swedish farmers to adapt to climate change?’, which was investigated by interviewing Swedish farmers. The results were analyzed through the theoretical framework adaptive capacity, as a criterion for successfully enabling climate change adaptation. The results showed that several barriers exist within the regulations which can obstruct adaptation due to bureaucratic complexity and a gap between theory and practice in regard to the effectiveness of measures. The results also showed that economic, human and social capital included in the adaptation capacity concept can be strengthened for better adaptation. The discussion presented several points of improvement for regulations to adopt a practical farm-perspective in order to enable farmers to adapt to climate change.

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  • 36.
    Friberg, Rasmus E.
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Opperdoes, Åsa
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Berättelsen om antropogena klimatförändringar: Hur påverkar framing människors intention och motivation att agera klimatvänligt?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropogenic climate change, abbreviated ACC, is a major environmental problem. People’s motivation and intention to act climate-friendly is important in addressing ACC since lacking motivation and intention to address ACC can have dire consequences for society and the environment. Individuals’ motivation and intention to act climate-friendly can be influenced by framing, which refers to the practice of emphasizing certain aspects of reality. What type of framing is being utilized can be crucial regarding individuals acting climate-friendly. The conventional framing dominating society is based on emphasizing facts and negative consequences of ACC. ACC is portrayed as an encroaching disaster managed via sacrifices, losses, and costs. However, this can lead to passivity and a desire to avoid the topic. Since motivation and intention to act climate-friendly is important, the need for a non-conventional framing arises. The study's purpose was to create a framing that took psychological barriers into account based on Stoknes (2015) theories regarding climate communication and to investigate how it affected motivation and intention to act climate-friendly. The research question was: How do conventional framing and non-conventional framing affect individuals’ motivation and intention to act climate-friendly? Two framing alternatives made up of stories about ACC were tested during a controlled experiment, and motivation and intention were quantified utilizing a closed-ended questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Cohen’s d test. A slight increase in motivation and intention was measured, but no statistically significant difference existed in motivation and intention to act climate-friendly after the participants had been subjected to a framing alternative. Data suggests changes in motivation and intention to act climate-friendly occurred for the group subjected to the non-conventional framing, and thus further research should be conducted with a normally distributed population of a significantly larger scale. Furthermore, future studies could pursue mixed methods research.

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  • 37.
    Fridh, Johan
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Andersson, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Studenters betalningsvilja för en koldioxidskatt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Air travel abroad has increased significantly since 1990. In order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from flights, other transport such as trains could be an essential alternative. However, train travels often mean longer travel time and a more expensive ticket price. An effective measure to even the price ratio between flights and other transport could be through carbon taxes. The study should provide a perception of students' willingness to pay since this area has shown a research gap. Also, there is a controversy of people's willingness to support environmental taxation. The study seeks to look into students' opinions and thoughts regarding willingness to pay and a carbon tax so improved policies could be developed. The purpose was also to study how willingness to pay for a carbon tax relates to an experienced state of knowledge of climate changes and attitude towards the environment. The study was performed with the Contingent valuation method where students were faced with a hypothetical trip, in order to examine their willingness to pay, price sensitivity when price increases, also reasons and driving forces for the choice of means of transport. The results show that the respondent’s willingness to pay is high and that there is a willingness to pay for a carbon tax. The results also indicate a relation between high knowledge of climate changes and high willingness to pay. In general, all respondents reveal an environmentally friendly attitude, however it does not show a connection to their willingness to pay.

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  • 38.
    Gannfelt, Josefin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Nilsson, Stina
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Miljöpedagogers arbete vid våtmarker: “Vi behöver fler som bryr sig om våra våtmarker och vattendrag, ta vara på allt intresse som redan finns bland unga barn”2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people living in urban areas has increased significantly, and they spend lesstime in nature. At the same time climate change is taking place, which is being accelerated,among other things, by drained wetlands that emit carbon dioxide. This study explores howenvironmental educators work with excursions at wetlands to strengthen children's natureconnectedness, pay attention to the values of wetlands, and how excursions can contribute toreaching the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sweden's environmental goalsregarding wetlands. Semi-structured interviews with environmental educators and anobservation of an excursion to a wetland, were conducted in the study. The results show thatexcursions at wetlands can be crucial for children's nature connectedness, children'sunderstanding of the value of wetlands, and the development of empathic behaviors towardsnature. Through excursions at wetlands, children are involved with the wetlands andmeasures are taken to protect and preserve wetlands, which is an important part of achievingthe 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sweden's environmental goals. Althoughhuman activities in wetlands can be detrimental to biodiversity, excursions are necessary forfuture work on wetland prosperity. Future research should focus on long-term effects onchildren who are continuously on excursions in nature. 

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  • 39.
    Garhem, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Grip, Cecilia
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Vägen från europeisk klimatlag till nationell lagstiftning och genomförandestrategier: En jämförelse av svensk och dansk lagstiftning i relation till byggsektorn2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Greenhouse gas emissions are the main contributing factor to today’s climate change and the construction sector contributes to almost a third of them. Reducing emissions in order to achieve the climate goals regarding climate neutrality in 2050, is a challenge for environmental legislation. A certain difference in interpretation from EU legislation arises when member states implement it into national legislation, due to giving up a part of their sovereignty in order to comply with these requirements. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in interpretation that arises in the transition between EU environmental legislation and national environmental legislation, in relation to the construction sector, in Sweden and Denmark. In addition, the study aimed to gain an understanding of how collaborative the construction sector in the Øresund region is, when it comes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The research method was based in grounded theory and a content analysis of legislative and corporate documents have been carried out to examine the difference in interpretation that arises in the legislation. The results showed that there was a difference in interpretation from EU legislation to each national legislation. The difference in interpretation signifies factors such as differences in cultural values and norms regarding nature and the environment, levels of cooperation and strategic measures to meet the climate goals. Furthermore, the results regarding the implementation strategies in order to reduce greenhouse gas emission in the Øresund region were similar. Finally, the result showed that the most important factors to examine in relation to the research question relates to collaboration within regions. 

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  • 40.
    Gennaro, Isabel
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Christodoulou, Panagiota
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    The Role of Public Innovation on Water Governance in Brazil2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is impossible for the world to exist without water, then why do socio-political systems treat it like an unnecessary, disposable resource? 

    Currently, there is a water crisis happening globally, and specifically in Brazil it encompasses tremendous socio-ecological, political, cultural and economic injustices and challenges. The water resources management and the national infrastructures are inadequate to conserve and treat this valuable commodity. As a result, water is mismanaged and misused causing contaminations, scarcity and socio-economic imbalances. This condition is an unacceptable scenery that calls for radical systemic changes and incorporation of innovative approaches in governmental leadership and socio-political organisation and structure in order to achieve better governance. It is in fact a complex situation that urges the civil society and leaders in power to collaborate and collectively act towards a common mission; save the water and impede the water catastrophe that will cause unprecedented consequences in humanity and on the planet.

    This paper uses qualitative method research, specifically two case studies focused on the South of Brazil to address the revitalization of urban rivers as well as the issue of ocean governance. It also conducts 10 semi-structured interviews with sustainability experts from a multi-dimensional stakeholder perspective. Thus, the most critical findings of the study are the lack of governance and the insufficient engagement of the civil society due to mistrust, conservative leadership and governmental inadequate management of water resources.

    Moreover, this research concludes that social and public sector innovation encourage societal inclusivity and eventually foster a ‘bottom up’ system change to achieve interactive water governance and socio-political and ecological resilience. 

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  • 41.
    Georgsson, Maria
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US). Uppsala vatten och avfall AB.
    Sjötrafik och erosionskador i Furusundsleden2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has been conducted using a strategic selection method, semi-structured interviews, and a qualitative content analysis on the marine traffic in Furusundsleden. Using these methods, it was possible to observe that marine traffic causes erosion damage to the beach zone. Using the theory “willingness to pay” investigates whether shipping is financially defensible versus the environmental damage caused by shipping traffic. The conclusion is that the marine traffic through Furusundsleden is not sustainable due to it causing erosion damage to the marine and waterfront environment. It may be justifiable though through the economical view of the municipality of Stockholm. The social and ecological sustainability suffers as it is the individual property owners along Furusundsleden who are affected by the erosion damage and the deteriorating aquatic environment.

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  • 42.
    Germsjö, Linnea
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Kanhaleela, Iyara
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Möjligheter eller motstånd: Politikers och tjänstemäns arbete i medelstora kommuner för att öka hållbar mobilitet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Road traffic creates several negative consequences for the environment but also for human health. Municipalities are responsible for local infrastructure and are therefore a significant part of the work with sustainable urban development. The study examined how politicians and civil servants in Sweden's medium-sized municipalities work to make the car less attractive and to increase sustainable mobility. The study was based on Sweden's environmental goals and the strategy that includes new milestones targets for sustainable urban development. The method consisted of semi-structured interviews with four politicians and four civil servants from medium-sized municipalities in Sweden. The results showed that municipalities work with sustainable mobility to different extents based on different conditions and needs, but that profit and residents opinion limit the work. The conclusions were that effective strategies are required to achieve sustainable mobility which includes increased opportunities for sustainable travel and resistance to car use. Having a functioning collaboration between politicians and civil servants and having an expert on site were also considered important priorities and measures. Since economic profit and residents' opinion is valued higher than the environment by the municipalities, it is necessary to prioritize the implementation of national governance and that the government must set demands on municipalities.

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  • 43.
    Goldring, Desiree
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Petersson, Ingrid
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    “Pretty much just ‘fluffing’ around”: The complexity of safeguarding farmland biodiversity in Scania through the Greening2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intensified agriculture has led to a dramatic decline of farmland biodiversity in Europe during the 20th century, making farmland policies of utmost importance within the European Union [EU]. The Greening, which is a part of the Common Agricultural Policy [CAP] was created to combat the negative effects of intensified agriculture. However, the policy did not achieve the goal of safeguarding farmland biodiversity and will be replaced in the upcoming CAP-reform. This study researches if a landscape perspective and nature-inclusive farming can increase the efficiency of the Greening in Scanian farmlands. Through semi-structured interviews with professionals on a regional level, we investigated: What are the obstacles that hinder regional solutions to farmland biodiversity issues in Scania, Sweden? Through the lens of governance, the results emphasized a need for new arrangements between all stakeholders in order to solve the issue of declining farmland biodiversity in Scania. The main obstacles for incorporating a landscape perspective and nature-inclusive farming are the lack of regional influence in the Greening, short program periods, and low profitability for farmers. We argue that these obstacles stem from the complex, multilevel governing system of the EU, and the projectification of the CAP. We suggest adopting a Common Pool Resource [CPR] framework for farmland biodiversity in Scania as an efficient way of surpassing the obstacles. However, further research is needed to create a cohesive view of the use value of farmland biodiversity. We concluded that although the results might be applicable to other regions within the EU, it is important to further research other regions in terms of local landscape conditions and local governance for effective results.

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  • 44.
    Graveleij Andersson, Saga
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Elofsson, Matilda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Gynnsam naturkontakt till vild stadsnatur: perspektiv från invånare och stadsutvecklare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The city of Malmö is rapidly increasing in population and therefore plans to continue the ongoing dense development within the Yttre Ringvägen to accommodate housing and work opportunities. This development creates an uncertain future for green areas in Malmö, which already today has one of Sweden's lowest green areas per capita. Having access to qualitative green areas is covered by the Global Goals, among other things. Urban spaces of greenery are many people's most frequent interactions with nature and are therefore important for people's nature connectedness. The study examines the work with, and opinions about, incorporating more wild urban nature for the purpose of improving the quality of Malmö's nature in the form of biological diversity so that wild urban nature will contribute to increased nature connectedness in the city. The work with and opinions about wild urban nature were investigated through semi-structured interviews with residents and urban developers in Malmö. The study presents four themes that arose during the interviews about wild urban nature and the possibility of connecting with nature in the city: nature connectedness, environmental justice, risk and human ambivalence towards nature. The results show that the conflicts around what an urban nature is allowed to look like and whether a wild urban nature is dangerous or not characterize the discussion about how we can create sustainable urban development if nature is not allowed to take its place. Furthermore, the discussion shows that one should expand the work in urban planning to promote nature connectedness because it can lead to environmentally friendly behavior that promotes sustainable urban development. Knowledge transfer about the benefits of wild urban nature should also be communicated to residents to increase understanding and acceptance of wild urban nature.

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  • 45.
    Gudmé, Caroline
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS).
    ”Jag vill inte leva ett liv där jag märker att varje fotsteg som jag har tagit har lämnat spår av förstörelse”: En kvalitativ studie kring avgörande faktorer för en persons minskade klimatpåverkan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is now established that climate change will change the conditions for people on Earth. The purpose of the thesis is thus to investigate what factors motivate people to reduce their climate emissions and what obstacles they may encounter. With the help of four interviews and nine questionnaires, the essay's two research questions have been answered by asking questions to people who have chosen to reduce their emissions by changing their habits regarding flying, car ownership and consumption. The study showed that environmental commitment is linked to environmental knowledge and that it can develop an understanding of the negativec onsequences a high-consumption lifestyle can lead to. For the respondents in the study, it has led to a sense of responsibility and direct or indirect moral duty to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions as it has developed a high environmental consideration. This together with positive role models and a positive self-image has served as motivation for a changed lifestyle. Lack of knowledge, control perception, identity, habits, marital status and social and subjective norms have acted as obstacles and led to the respondents' adjustments taking time. The respondents in the study have made different achievements due to the various obstacles they encountered. The results show that they have a strong internal attitude structure as despite obstacles they have not stopped trying to change and instead started to re-evaluate their view of quality of life by changing attitudes toward what is happiness and luxury. It is possible to link the theories VBN and TPB to each other as values, perceptions and personal norms shape the environmental considerations that affect attitude, subjective norms and perceived control. 

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  • 46.
    Hagström, Agnes
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Ghoreishi, Jasmin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Industriell symbios i Malmö stad utifrån Transition Management modellen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The earth's resources contribute, among other things, to societal developments. But it also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions, global warming and water use. To reduce the ecological footprint and resource use, cities and actors have begun to develop industrial symbiosis, which is a collaboration where a residual product from one company becomes a resource for another company. This societal development demonstrates a societal transition to develop and bring together economy, the environment and society.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transition management as a management strategy could have been applicable in the establishment process of industrial symbiosis in the Malmö port area. The main question was whether it would have been possible for the City of Malmö to use the transition management model during the establishment process of industrial symbiosis in the port area. To answer that question, a sub-question was needed: How did the process of the project, ​delad energi är dubbel energi, tok place in the port area of ​​Malmö? ​Delad energi är dubbel energi is the project that has developed industrial symbiosis in the city of Malmö, where we have, among other things, taken part in the project process. The project began in 2015 and ended in 2019 where 12 actors were involved at the beginning. To answer our questions, four interviews were conducted with people who have all been involved in the project in one way or another. The analysis compiled the information we received from the informants and what we found on shared energy is a dual energy website, based on the transition management model. We divided the analysis into four components from the model, which are transition arena, transition agenda, transition action and transition adaptation. In this work, we treat the transition process as the transition to a circular economy through industrial symbiosis. The purpose of the transition management model is to use the specified transition to go from one equilibrium position to another.

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  • 47.
    Hansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Säljö, Amanda
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Att lägga guld på taken: Energikrisen som drivkraft för förnybara energikällor: en fallstudie i Trelleborg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The energy crisis and climate change have made the implementation of renewable energy sources crucial to reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Homeowners account for a significant portion of the electricity consumption, and understanding their attitudes and behavior is of great importance to promote the implementation of renewable energy sources. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of how the energy crisis has affected the view of renewable energy and why the energy crisis has contributed to affecting the view of renewable energy, with a focus among house owners in Trelleborg municipality. The study also aims to identify measures to further promote the implementation of renewable energy. The method consisted of a case study based on grounded theory. The data was collected through interviews and secondary data. The results of the study showed that while the energy crisis led to a somewhat increased positive image and increased interest in renewable energy sources, there was an increased awareness regarding energy consumption in general and that homeowners were looking for ways to reduce their energy consumption. In particular, it appeared that the main motivation to engage in energy measures was economic in nature due to the energy crisis leading to high electricity prices, but that injunctive norms and lack of knowledge played a role in how renewable energy sources were viewed. The conclusions that were drawn were that individuals prioritize financial gains over the environment and that they can be guided by societal pressures that can shape ignorance and lead to rushed decisions in relation to renewable energy. To promote the adoption of renewable energy sources and increase positive attitudes, efforts are needed that include financial incentives, information campaigns and education. 

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  • 48.
    Hedenborg, Susanna
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV).
    Kronborg, Mathilde
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Dept Teacher Educ & Outdoor Studies, N-0863 Oslo, Norway..
    Sätre, Anna
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Dept Teacher Educ & Outdoor Studies, N-0863 Oslo, Norway..
    Radmann, Aage
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Dept Teacher Educ & Outdoor Studies, N-0863 Oslo, Norway..
    Torell Palmquist, Gabriella
    Stromsholm Equestrian Ctr, S-73494 Stromsholm, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Educ Studies, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Andersson, Petra
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Philosophy Linguist & Theory Sci, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Pro-Environmental Transformation of the Equine Sector-Facilitators and Challenges2024In: Animals, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 14, no 6, article id 915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simple Summary

    To improve horse welfare and ensure a sustainable equestrian future, we need to understand human behavior in relation to the challenges of the sector. This article maps and analyzes how individuals within the equine sector in Sweden and Norway define environmental challenges. An analysis based on a model for behavior change (the COM-B model) shows that there is a capacity for change, and that skills and knowledge exist, but that some individuals desire more information and a deeper understanding of the issues at hand. Physical constraints such as location, resources, and time seem challenging for individual actors to influence. Economic factors are also identified as impediments to transformation. Cultural norms related to orderliness within stables, although not directly addressing ecological challenges, might serve as a foundation for promoting environmental initiatives that will also improve horse welfare.

    Abstract

    To improve horse welfare and ensure a sustainable equestrian future, we need to understand human behavior in relation to the challenges of the sector. The purpose of this paper is to map and analyze how individuals within the equine sector in Sweden and Norway define the environmental challenges they are faced with and how these are related to questions about horse welfare. A mixed-methods parallel design was used. The data consist of survey answers and semi-structured interviews. The survey, responded to by 697 Swedish and Norwegian participants, ensured statistical validity and power through a sample size calculation yielding approximately 385 participants. To deepen the understanding, 36 semi structured interviews with Swedish and Norwegian interviewees were conducted. An analysis of convergencies and divergencies between the data sets provided robust insights into the perceptions and behaviors within the equine sector in Sweden and Norway. The findings show that the equine sector has cultivated a stronger environmental commitment over the last 15 years (Svala, 2008). However, many participants express a perceived lack of influence on this transformation. The COM-B model (Michie, Van Stralen & West, 2011; Michie, Atkins & West, 2014) and previous research on 'thinking structures on climate delay' (Wormbs & Wolrath, 2023) are used to interpret the data. The analysis indicates that there is an overall capacity for change, and that skills and knowledge exist, but some individuals desire more information and a deeper understanding of the issues at hand. Higher barriers to change were found in the opportunity component, where physical constraints such as location, resources, and time seem challenging for individual actors to influence. Economic factors are also identified as impediments to transformation. Cultural norms related to orderliness within stables, although not directly addressing ecological nor ethical challenges, might serve as a foundation for promoting environmental initiatives that will also improve horse welfare.

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  • 49.
    Hedin, Philip
    et al.
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Svanberg, Marcus
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).
    Klimatundervisning i skolan, en kunskapsöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar är ett enormt globalt problem, att ge elever metoder för att främja vårt klimat är viktigt. Deras känslor är också viktiga relaterat till deras vilja att göra klimatfrämjande val. Ambitionen med vår kunskapsöversikt är att sammanställa hur man som lärare kan bedriva en god klimatundervisning. Texten behandlar frågor om hur elever ser på klimatförändringar, vad lärare kan utveckla för att driva en god klimatundervisning och vilka praktiska metoder lärare kan använda sig när de undervisar om klimatförändringar. En mängd olika vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut och analyserades. Av resultatet framgick det att elever saknar tillräckliga kunskaper om klimatförändringar och de lägger främst ansvaret för klimatet på en samhällsnivå. Det visade sig även att elever är oroliga och rädda för klimatförändringar. I forskningen fann vi relevanta utvecklingsstrategier såsom att integrera klimatundervisningen med andra ämnen utöver No-ämnet, se klimatet som ett system och att föra en pluralistisk klimatdidaktik. Traditionella didaktiska strategier är inte effektiva i att lära elever om klimatförändringar. Praktiska metoder som haft god effekt är besök på botanisk trädgård, ekologiskt fotavtryck, 5E Learning Cycle och filmskapande. 

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  • 50.
    Heimerlöv, Kristin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    "Inte bara en planlösningsfråga": En uppsats om självorganiseringens potential samt hinder och möjligheter för fler kollektivhus i Malmö2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska bostadsidealet är resursintensivt och trenden mot ett ökat antal singelhushåll innebär att en ökande boyta- och resursförbrukning per person krävs för att tillfredsställa vardagens behov jämfört med hushåll där funktioner och resurser delas. Parallellt med denna trend syns ett ökat intresse för kollektivhus och andra former av bogemenskaper i Sverige. Flertalet studier visar på att kollektivhus som boendeform har potential att minska miljöpåverkan och resursanvändning för de boende. Denna uppsats undersöker vilka hinder och möjligheter som föreligger för att kollektivhus skulle kunna utgöra ett vanligare alternativ på bostadsmarknaden i Malmö. Vidare utforskar uppsatsen huruvida kollektivhusens redan etablerade sociala struktur kan underlätta för förmågan att dela på ytor och resurser, samt vilka belägg som finns för att boendeformen leder till lägre miljöpåverkan än en jämförbar konventionell boendeform. Resultatet av denna studie visar att krav på en ökad byggtakt verkar påverka incitamenten att utforska boendeformen från det kommunala bostadsbolagets sida. Den generella efterfrågan på kollektivhus bedöms som låg i studien samtidigt som informationsbrist och missuppfattningar kan påverka efterfrågan. Kommunen välkomnar i en ny markanvisningspolicy kollektivhus men efterfrågar samtidigt en tydligare efterfrågan underifrån för att det ska vara berättigat att sätta konkreta mål. En låg grad av organisering för kollektivhus i Malmö utgör ett hinder för boendeformen att växa sig större då kollektivhus kräver en organisering underifrån för att bostadsbolag ska vilja satsa på boendeformen. Den här studiens resultat pekar vidare mot att den självorganisering inom boendet som kännetecknar kollektivhus kan få positiva konsekvenser på förmågan att utveckla levnadssätt där delandet av ytor och resurser förekommer i större utsträckning. Studiens ringa omfång gör dock att resultatet inte är generaliserbart och mer forskning behövs för att kunna dra säkra slutsatser. Avsaknaden av kvantitativ forskning gör att det inte går att dra några slutsatser vad gäller kollektivhusens resursförbrukning och miljöpåverkan jämfört med andra boendeformer. 

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