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The Middle East Regional Security Complex: Security Factors Behind Regional Normalization with the Syrian Regime and Possible Obstacles
2023 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 14 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Since the 2011 Syrian civil war, the Middle East regional security complex have been witnessing increasingly intense security interdependence. The conflict has turned into a regional proxy war where regional actors are competing for regional influence. Assad was initially securitized by regional actors but these same actors are currently trying to desecuritize and normalize relations with him. This paper aims at studying the security factors behind the recent regional normalization with Assad and the possible obstacles. Buzan and Weaver’s regional security complex theory is used in a qualitative case study to analyze the penetration by global powers along with regional threats and regional securitization/desecuritization patterns. The analysis shows the impact of US disengagement coupled with the Chinese and Russian penetration on changing the regional security structure. Similarly, the usage of proxies and drug trafficking have had major regional security consequences. Lastly, the desecuritization/normalization process is securitized by both state and non-state actors.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
Regional security complex theory, RSCT, Global powers, Drug Trafficking, Proxy actors, China, Russia, Securitization, Amity and enmity
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-60570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-60570DiVA, id: diva2:1766908
Educational program
KS GPS International Relations
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-13 Created: 2023-06-13 Last updated: 2023-06-13Bibliographically approved

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