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Eastward enlargements of the European Union, transitional arrangements and self-employment
University of Groningen,The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5563-595X
CELSI, Bratislava, 821 09, Slovakia; Department of Public Policy, Central European University, 1100, Vienna, Austria; GLO, Maastricht, 6211 AX, The Netherlands; Faculty of National Economy, University of Economics in Bratislava, Bratislava, 852 35, Slovakia.
2023 (English)In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 719-742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When the European Union expanded eastward in 2004 and 2007 to accession the so-called EU8 and EU2 countries, respectively, the incumbent member states imposed temporary restrictions on the employment of EU8 and EU2 nationals. Self-employed individuals were exempted from these transitional arrangements, prompting concerns that self-employment could be used as a means to evade the restrictions on labour market access. If the transitional arrangements led to an increase in EU8 and EU2 nationals’ self-employment rates, as previous research suggests, then their removal should have led to a corresponding decrease. This article analyses whether the latter has indeed been the case. Using pooled cross section data from the EU Labour Force Survey, over the period 2004–2019, we show that removing the transitional arrangements has had a negative effect on the self-employment rates of EU2 nationals, but seemingly no effect on the self-employment rates of EU8 nationals. Distinguishing between types of capitalist regimes, however, reveals a much more nuanced picture, with significant variation in terms of the magnitude and significance of the effect across groups of countries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023. Vol. 36, no 2, p. 719-742
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-56411DOI: 10.1007/s00148-022-00904-2ISI: 000791878100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85129514689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-56411DiVA, id: diva2:1715589
Available from: 2022-12-02 Created: 2022-12-02 Last updated: 2024-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Ulceluse, Magdalena

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