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Undervisningsmetoder i problemlösning. En studie om hur olika undervisningsmetoder i problemlösning kan påverka elevernas kommunikationsförmåga.
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS).
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

En orsak till elevernas svårigheter med problemlösning är att de inte får de förutsättningar som krävs för att utveckla sin begreppsförståelse och kommunikationsförmågan. Genom att ge eleverna möjlighet att samarbeta vid problemlösning, genom att diskutera utmanande matematiska problem i grupp, kan de alla matematiska förmågorna utvecklas. När eleverna arbetar med ett och samma matematiska problem och diskuterar sina olika lösningar med varandra får de uppleva att det finns något alternativt sätt att se på problemet. Eleverna får möjlighet att utveckla sin kommunikation- och resonemangsförmågan, samt utveckla sin räknefärdighet och begreppsförståelse. Detta är en empirisk studie som fokuserar på olika undervisningsmetoder som lärare använder i problemlösning. I studien används kvalitativ undersökningsmetod i form av semi-strukturerad intervju. Resultatet grundar sig i intervjuer med fem lärare som undervisar i matematik för årskurs 4-6 i den svenska skolan. Resultatet visar att lärare som använder sig av olika kommunikationsutvecklande problemlösningsmetoder, ger eleverna förutsättningar att använda varandras tankesätt och idéer som gemensamma resurser.

Abstract [en]

The reason for students' difficulties with problem solving is that they are not given the right conditions to develop their understanding of mathematical terms and communication skills at school. By giving students the opportunity to collaborate on problem solving, by discussing challenging mathematical problems in a group, all mathematical skills can be developed. When the students work with the same mathematical problem and discuss their different solutions with each other, they find that there is some alternative way of looking at the problem. Students are given the opportunity to develop their communication and reasoning skills, as well as to develop their numeracy and conceptual understanding. This is an empirical study that focuses on different teaching methods used by teachers in problem solving. The study uses qualitative survey method in the form of semi-structured interview. The result is based on interviews with five teachers who teach mathematics for grades 4-6 in the Swedish school. The result shows that teachers who use different communication-development problem-solving methods give students the conditions to use each other's way of thinking and ideas as shared resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet/Lärande och samhälle , 2020. , p. 46
Keywords [sv]
matematikundervisning, matematiskt språk, problemlösning, undervisningsmetoder
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-34601Local ID: 31484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-34601DiVA, id: diva2:1496533
Educational program
LS Master of Arts in Primary Education ­ School Years 4­-6
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-11-04 Created: 2020-11-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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