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Dietary factors in the prevention of dental caries: a systematic review
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
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2003 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 331-340Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was, systematically, to evaluate the effect of die-tary changes in the prevention of dental caries. A search and analysis strategy was followed, as suggested by the Swedish Council on Tech-nology Assessment in Health Care (SBU). The search strategy for arti-cles published in 1966-2003 was performed using electronic databases and reference lists of articles and selected textbooks. Out of 714 arti-cles originally identified, 18 met the inclusion criteria for a random-ized or controlled clinical trial--at least 2 years’ follow-up and caries increment as a primary endpoint. This included the total or partial substitution of sucrose with sugar substitutes or the addition of pro-tective foods to chewing gum. No study was found evaluating the ef-fect of information designed to reduce sugar intake/frequency as a sin-gle preventive measure. It is suggested that the evidence for the use of sorbitol or xylitol in chewing gum, or for the use of invert sugar, is in-conclusive. No caries-preventive effect was found from adding calcium phosphate or dicalcium phosphate dihydrate to chewing gums. The review clearly demonstrates the need for well-designed randomized clinical studies with adequate control groups and high compliance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2003. Vol. 61, no 6, p. 331-340
Keywords [en]
Dental caries, diet, sugars, sugar substitutes, systematic review
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-16229DOI: 10.1080/00016350310007798ISI: 000187560200002PubMedID: 14960004Local ID: 7896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-16229DiVA, id: diva2:1419745
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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