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The relationship between somatic and emotional stimuli: a com-parison between adolescents with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and a control group
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9638-4648
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 219-227Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this study was to determine whether adoles-cents with chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain are more sensitive to all types of somatic and emotional stimuli compared with a matched healthy control group. Sixty adolescents, 8 boys and 52 girls ranging from 12 to 18 years, participated in the study. Thirty of the subjects exhibited TMD, re-porting pain of at least 3 months duration. The age- and gender-matched control group consisted of 30 dental recall patients who re-ported TMD pain less than once a week. All participants completed a 40-item questionnaire comprising ten items each of pleasant and aver-sive qualities crossed with somatic and emotional forms of stimuli. The items, a selection of a broad range of familiar stimuli by a panel of experts, were rated based on intensity of experience (0–10, numeri-cal rating scale). Well-fitting items that formed a valid construct within each of the four domains were selected using Rasch analysis. The results showed that adolescents with TMD pain reported signifi-cantly greater sensitivity (p<0.05) to aversive somatic and pleasant somatic stimuli than the controls. The differences between groups for the aversive emotional and pleasant emotional stimuli were not sig-nificant. These findings suggest that chronic pain states in adolescents are accompanied by amplification of bodily, but not emotional, stim-uli and that cognitive systems are implicated, not only an alteration of the nociceptive systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 9, no 2, p. 219-227
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-15727DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2004.06.003ISI: 000228023200022PubMedID: 15737814Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-14644403697Local ID: 7861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-15727DiVA, id: diva2:1419249
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-02-05Bibliographically approved

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