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Using self-report inventories to assess recidivism risk among prisoners about to be released on parole supervision in Sweden
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4542-9463
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Science, Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Malmö högskola, Faculty of Health and Society (HS), Department of Criminology (KR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9819-2474
2017 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 191-199Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Prison release planning is rarely based on adequate assessment using evidence-based instruments. This study uses well-established self-reports for screening of problem severity and for predicting recidivism, measured as reconvictions during one-year following release, in prisoners about to be conditionally released on probation in Sweden between 2009 and 2010. One Hundred and six prisoners completed the following measures: Karolinska Scales of Personality, Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Drug Use Disorders Identification Test. Results show frequent mental health and substance use problems and high scores on the KSP psychopathy factor. Anxiety and problematic drug use were the two most important factors associated with one-year recidivism. Prior to release, self-reports could be useful for screening of problem severity, and for predicting recidivism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017. Vol. 18, no 2, p. 191-199
Keywords [en]
Self-report, risk factor, screening, prediction, precidivism, parole
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-14874DOI: 10.1080/14043858.2017.1386441Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85030719330Local ID: 23532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-14874DiVA, id: diva2:1418395
Available from: 2020-03-30 Created: 2020-03-30 Last updated: 2024-06-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ambulatory risk assessment and intervention in the prison services: Using Interactive Voice Response to assess and intervene on acute dynamic risk among prisoners on parole
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ambulatory risk assessment and intervention in the prison services: Using Interactive Voice Response to assess and intervene on acute dynamic risk among prisoners on parole
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The transition from prison to society is a challenging period for offenders released from prison. Recidivism rates are high, and the offender’s situation can change rapidly. Advances in technology in recent decades have provided new ways for correctional agencies to provide the level of supervision and immediacy needed to help prisoners to successfully re-enter society. One such area of advance is the widespread use of mobile phones and related developments in communication technologies, such as Interactive Voice Response (IVR), an automated telephony system. The overall aim of this thesis is to investigate the feasibility of using IVR to assess and intervene on everyday stress-related acute risk factors for crime among prisoners on parole. Paroled offenders (N=108) performed daily assessment during their first 30 days after leaving prison. Before release, they also completed a baseline assessment of stable risk factors, including personality, substance use problems, and mental health problems. Data on criminal recidivism one year following parole was collected from the Swedish Prison and Parole Service. After release, all subjects were called daily and answered assessment questions. Based on the content of their daily assessments, subjects in the intervention group received immediate feedback and a recommendation by automated telephony, and their probation officers also received a daily report by email. Although the intervention had no effect on criminal recidivism, the intervention group showed greater improvement than the control group on several of the acute dynamic risk factors studied. Several of these factors could predict criminal recidivism with marginal accuracy, and could provide incremental predictive validity beyond the baseline risk level of stable risk factors, i.e. problematic drug use and impulsiveness trait. In conclusion, IVR may be a feasible way to assess and intervene on daily stress-related acute dynamic risk factors among prisoners on parole.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö University, 2018
Series
Malmö University Health and Society Dissertations, ISSN 1653-5383 ; 2018:2
Keywords
acute dynamic risk, intervention, paroled offenders, prediction, randomized controlled trial, recidivism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-7356 (URN)24452 (Local ID)978-91-7104-896-7 (ISBN)978-91-7104-897-4 (ISBN)24452 (Archive number)24452 (OAI)
Available from: 2020-02-28 Created: 2020-02-28 Last updated: 2020-07-15Bibliographically approved

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Vasiljevic, ZoranAndersson, Claes

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