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The Impacts of Peri-Urban Expansion on Municipal and Ecosystem Services: Experiences from Makhado Biaba Town, South Africa
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6977-6681
School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0718-4274
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa.
Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Natural Science, Mathematics and Society (NMS).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2835-097X
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2023 (English)In: Urban Forum, ISSN 1015-3802, E-ISSN 1874-6330Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The sub-Saharan cities are growing and changing due to immigration and modernization.One of the consequences of the current urbanization is that an increasingnumber of families residing in peri-urban areas of small rural towns lack access tobasic municipal and ecosystem services. The purpose of the paper is to demonstratethe impacts of peri-urban expansion on municipal services provided by the governmentsand on ecosystems services through a case study of a small rural town calledMakhado Biaba in Limpopo Province of South Africa. Makhado Biaba has beenexperiencing incessant rapid physical expansion over the years. Such spatial expansioninto the peri-urban zone impacts the provision of municipal services such aswater, electricity, sewerage, and refuse collection. In 2020, an exploratory mixedmethodsstudy of some anthropocentric and ecosystem changes in Makhado BiabaLocal Municipality in northeast South Africa was executed. Land use was mappedfor the time period of 1990–2020, data were gathered through a household questionnairein six villages, and interviews were held with municipal officials. Among others,the study showed that several municipal services are available in the peri-urbanvillages of Makhado Biaba Town despite the distant locations outside the urbancore. However, services are not uniformly distributed due to that new peri-urbandevelopments that are leapfrogging into vacant land without supporting infrastructure.The pace of the municipality in providing the necessary municipal servicessuch as water and energy supply, as well as sanitation and refuse removal, is laggingbehind the development of new and unplanned housing areas. The findings bringabout information about the suburban livelihoods and how the administration of theperi-urban areas can respond to the needs of the inhabitants as well as to future challenges.For instance, to facilitate local development, recurrent and well-structuredcitizen dialogs with local groups to identify delivery failures are strongly recommended.In addition, the impact on ecosystem services by the city development andland use change stresses the need for guided urban development and expansion and also settlement upgrading programs in peri-urban zones to limit the bad effect onecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023.
Keywords [en]
Ecosystem services; Makhado Biaba Town; Peri-urban; Public services; Rural villages; South Africa
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Urban studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-61688DOI: 10.1007/s12132-023-09499-7ISI: 001023611500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85163861762OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-61688DiVA, id: diva2:1780821
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Malmö UniversityAvailable from: 2023-07-06 Created: 2023-07-06 Last updated: 2023-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Ekelund, Nils G. A.Schubert, Per

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